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Lennon Y C Chang, Ryan Poon
With the development of the Internet, Internet vigilantism (netilantism) has emerged as a new phenomenon in recent years. Although there are several qualitative studies explaining netilantism, there is little empirical research on public perceptions of netilantism. This article aims to outline Hong Kong university students' general perception of netilantism and investigate the differences between different roles in netilantism. By using empowerment theory as the theoretical framework, we will investigate whether Internet vigilantes (netilantes) (a) perceive the criminal justice system as effective, (b) possess high levels of self-efficacy in the cyber world, and (c) tend to believe netilantism can achieve social justice...
March 18, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Silvia Bucco, Marta Arazzi, Federica Giunta, Xhensila Grabocka, Maria Olimpia Longo, Simona Silvestri, Nicola Spetrino, Marco Tondo, Giacinta Vigilante, Mario Bonomini
Amiodarone is a class III antiarrhythmic drug used to treat several tachyarrhythmias. Although toxicity by long-term oral therapy is known, it is rare to observe the acute toxicity correlated to intravenous use. We report an unusual case of acute hepatotoxicity after the initiation of intravenous amiodarone for atrial fibrillation in a patient on regular hemodialysis. Liver enzymes progressively decreased and normalized upon discontinuing the drug. As a result, closely monitoring of liver enzyme is suggested when intravenous amiodarone is prescribed...
January 2016: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
Luca Ambrosino, Hamed Bostan, Pasquale di Salle, Mara Sangiovanni, Alessandra Vigilante, Maria L Chiusano
Arabidopsis thaliana is widely accepted as a model species in plant biology. Its genome, due to its small size and diploidy, was the first to be sequenced among plants, making this species also a reference for plant comparative genomics. Nevertheless, the evolutionary mechanisms that shaped the Arabidopsis genome are still controversial. Indeed, duplications, translocations, inversions, and gene loss events that contributed to the current organization are difficult to be traced. A reliable identification of paralogs and single-copy genes is essential to understand these mechanisms...
2016: Evolutionary Bioinformatics Online
Jonathan E Strain, John A Vigilante, Nicholas W DiGeorge
BACKGROUND: A 19-year-old male military recruit who presented for a screening physical for US Naval Special Warfare Duty was found to have hypolipidemia. Medical history revealed mildly increased frequency of bowel movements, but was otherwise unremarkable. His presentation was most consistent with heterozygous familial hypobetalipoproteinemia (FHBL), and the patient was cleared for Special Operations duty. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using PubMed/MEDLINE...
2015: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
Lu-Anne Swart, Mohamed Seedat, Juan Nel
Although studies have described the incidence and epidemiology of adolescent homicide victimization in South Africa, little is known about the situational contexts in which they occur. This study aimed to describe the victim, offender, and event characteristics of adolescent homicide and to generate a typology based on the particular types of situational contexts associated with adolescent homicide in South Africa. Data on homicides among adolescents (15-19 years) that occurred in Johannesburg (South Africa) during the period 2001-2007 were obtained from the National Injury Mortality Surveillance System (NIMSS) and police case records...
November 5, 2015: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Elliott M Antman, Emelia J Benjamin, Robert A Harrington, Steven R Houser, Eric D Peterson, Mary Ann Bauman, Nancy Brown, Vincent Bufalino, Robert M Califf, Mark A Creager, Alan Daugherty, David L Demets, Bernard P Dennis, Shahram Ebadollahi, Mariell Jessup, Michael S Lauer, Bernard Lo, Calum A MacRae, Michael V McConnell, Alexa T McCray, Michelle M Mello, Eric Mueller, Jane W Newburger, Sally Okun, Milton Packer, Anthony Philippakis, Peipei Ping, Prad Prasoon, Véronique L Roger, Steve Singer, Robert Temple, Melanie B Turner, Kevin Vigilante, John Warner, Patrick Wayte
BACKGROUND: A 1.5-day interactive forum was convened to discuss critical issues in the acquisition, analysis, and sharing of data in the field of cardiovascular and stroke science. The discussion will serve as the foundation for the American Heart Association's (AHA's) near-term and future strategies in the Big Data area. The concepts evolving from this forum may also inform other fields of medicine and science. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 47 participants representing stakeholders from 7 domains (patients, basic scientists, clinical investigators, population researchers, clinicians and healthcare system administrators, industry, and regulatory authorities) participated in the conference...
November 2015: Journal of the American Heart Association
Ramzan Shahid, Michaela Vigilante, Heidi Deyro, Irma Reyes, Beverly Gonzalez, Stephanie Kliethermes
Objective To identify any socioeconomic, demographic, neonatal, and perinatal factors that may be associated with failing the otoacoustic emissions (OAE) newborn hearing screen. Study Design A retrospective chart review was performed looking at hearing screens performed on 1272 newborn infants by OAE testing. Socioeconomic, demographic, neonatal, and perinatal factors were reviewed to determine association with failing the OAE newborn hearing screen. Results Our results demonstrate that Hispanic race was significantly associated with failing the newborn OAE hearing screen with an odds ratio of 2...
October 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
Vanessa Ann Vigilante, Jobayer Hossain, Tim Wysocki, Iman Sharif
OBJECTIVES: Understanding the factors associated with child communication during subspecialty encounters may inform interventions promoting shared decision-making in chronic disease management. Objectives were to (1) describe the quantity and quality of child communication during outpatient subspecialty encounters and (2) determine if and how the quantity and quality of child communication vary by demographic and visit characteristics. METHODS: We videotaped subspecialty clinic encounters involving 20 health care providers and 155 children with one of the following conditions: acute lymphoblastic leukemia (consolidation/maintenance), persistent asthma, cystic fibrosis, type 1 diabetes, and obesity...
November 2015: Patient Education and Counseling
Amr El-Sergany, Alex Darwish, Pratik Mehta, Ahmed Mahmoud
INTRODUCTION: Although more commonly thought of as a surgical problem affecting children, surgeons evaluating the adult acute abdomen should remain vigilante in diagnosing intussusception. In this case series, we reviewed 6 years of medical records at a community teaching hospital in order to analyze the etiology, presentation, and management of nine cases of adult intussusception. PRESENTATION OF CASES: Most of the patients in our series shared symptoms of nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain...
2015: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Yoichiro Sugimoto, Alessandra Vigilante, Elodie Darbo, Alexandra Zirra, Cristina Militti, Andrea D'Ambrogio, Nicholas M Luscombe, Jernej Ule
The structure of messenger RNA is important for post-transcriptional regulation, mainly because it affects binding of trans-acting factors. However, little is known about the in vivo structure of full-length mRNAs. Here we present hiCLIP, a biochemical technique for transcriptome-wide identification of RNA secondary structures interacting with RNA-binding proteins (RBPs). Using this technique to investigate RNA structures bound by Staufen 1 (STAU1) in human cells, we uncover a dominance of intra-molecular RNA duplexes, a depletion of duplexes from coding regions of highly translated mRNAs, an unexpected prevalence of long-range duplexes in 3' untranslated regions (UTRs), and a decreased incidence of single nucleotide polymorphisms in duplex-forming regions...
March 26, 2015: Nature
John A Vigilante, Jane Scribner
We present a patient with recurrent, pruritic, erythematous papules to the legs.
January 2015: Dermatology Online Journal
Terry L Erwin, Laura S Zamorano
This synopsis provides an identification key to the genera of Tribe Lachnophorini of the Western and Eastern Hemispheres including five genera previously misplaced in carabid classifications. The genus Asklepia Liebke, 1938 is revised with 23 new species added and four species reassigned from Eucaerus LeConte, 1853 to Asklepia Liebke, 1938. In addition, a new genus is added herein to the Tribe: Peruphorticus gen. n. with its type species P. gulliveri sp. n. from Perú. Five taxa previously assigned to other tribes have adult attributes that make them candidates for classification in the Lachnophorini: Homethes Newman, Aeolodermus Andrewes, Stenocheila Laporte de Castelnau, Diplacanthogaster Liebke, and Selina Motschulsky are now considered to belong to the Lachnophorini as genera incertae sedis...
2014: ZooKeys
S Forgus, W Delva, C Hauptfleisch, S Govender, J Blitz
BACKGROUND: Community assault (CA) or vigilantism is widespread in the township of Khayelitsha, Cape Town, South Africa (SA). Anecdotal evidence suggests that victims of CA are worse off than other assault cases. However, scientific data on the rate and severity of CA cases are lacking for SA. OBJECTIVES: To contribute to CA prevention and management strategies by estimating the rate of CA among adults in Khayelitsha and comparing the injury severity and survival probability between cases of CA and other assault (non-CA) cases...
April 2014: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Jason M Valadao, John A Vigilante, Nicholas W DiGeorge, Sunila E O'Connor, Alexandria Bear, Jeffrey Kenyon, Heather Annis, Joseph Dituri, Amy E Dituri, Harry T Whelan
INTRODUCTION: A ketogenic diet (KD) may decrease central nervous system oxygen toxicity symptoms in divers, and in view of this implication a feasibility/ toxicity pilot study was performed to demonstrate tolerance of KD while performing normal diving profiles. The exact mechanism of neuroprotection from the KD remains unknown; however, evidence to support the efficacy of the KD in reducing seizures is present in epilepsy and oxygen toxicity studies, and may provide valuable insight in diving activities...
July 2014: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
John A Vigilante, Nicholas W DiGeorge
INTRODUCTION: Sickle cell trait, once thought to be a benign condition, has been associated with complications which may be of concern to the diver, such as splenic infarction and exercise-related sudden death. Medical clearance to dive for those with this common hemoglobinopathy has been a source of debate, with differing recommendations for both civilian and military candidates. To assess this disparity, a review was conducted of published findings and opinions regarding sickle cell trait and fitness to dive...
May 2014: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
Mara Sangiovanni, Alessandra Vigilante, Maria Luisa Chiusano
Arabidopsis thaliana became the model organism for plant studies because of its small diploid genome, rapid lifecycle and short adult size. Its genome was the first among plants to be sequenced, becoming the reference in plant genomics. However, the Arabidopsis genome is characterized by an inherently complex organization, since it has undergone ancient whole genome duplications, followed by gene reduction, diploidization events and extended rearrangements, which relocated and split up the retained portions...
2013: Biology
Yudhijit Bhattacharjee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2014: Science
Nicholas W DiGeorge, Colleen F Lahey, John A Vigilante
OBJECTIVE: There are many hemoglobin (Hb) variants that vary in prevalence as well as in clinical significance. Two young male military recruits were incidentally found to have two uncommon Hb variants. This led to an investigation of Hb Lepore-Boston and G-Waimanalo to determine if these U.S. Navy recruits were healthy enough to perform their designated duties. METHODS: Literature search was conducted using PubMed/Medline. Keywords included "hemoglobinopathy," "hemoglobin variant," "Lepore-Boston," "G-Waimanalo...
March 2014: Military Medicine
John A Vigilante
INTRODUCTION: A 20-year-old male military recruit who presented for a screening physical for U.S.Naval Diving Duty was found to have family history significant for malignant hyperthermia. He had never been exposed to anesthesia, a trigger for the condition, and had not undergone testing. Medical history was otherwise unremarkable, and the patient was cleared for diving. METHODS: Literature search was conducted using PubMed/Medline. Keywords included malignant hyperthermia, exertional heat illness, exertional rhabdomyolysis, diving, special operations, military...
July 2013: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
D Gruyer, J D Frankland, R Botet, M Płoszajczak, E Bonnet, A Chbihi, G Ademard, M Boisjoli, B Borderie, R Bougault, D Guinet, P Lautesse, L Manduci, N Le Neindre, P Marini, P Pawłowski, M F Rivet, E Rosato, G Spadaccini, M Vigilante, J P Wieleczko
Distributions of the largest fragment charge, Zmax, in multifragmentation reactions around the Fermi energy can be decomposed into a sum of a Gaussian and a Gumbel distribution, whereas at much higher or lower energies one or the other distribution is asymptotically dominant. We demonstrate the same generic behavior for the largest cluster size in critical aggregation models for small systems, in or out of equilibrium, around the critical point. By analogy with the time-dependent irreversible aggregation model, we infer that Zmax distributions are characteristic of the multifragmentation time scale, which is largely determined by the onset of radial expansion in this energy range...
April 26, 2013: Physical Review Letters
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