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Pregnancy And Exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30341923/ectogenesis-and-the-case-against-the-right-to-the-death-of-the-foetus
#1
Bruce P Blackshaw, Daniel Rodger
Ectogenesis, or the use of an artificial womb to allow a foetus to develop, will likely become a reality within a few decades, and could significantly affect the abortion debate. We first examine the implications for Judith Jarvis Thomson's violinist analogy, which argues for a woman's right to withdraw life support from the foetus and so terminate her pregnancy, even if the foetus is granted full moral status. We show that on Thomson's reasoning, there is no right to the death of the foetus, and abortion is not permissible if ectogenesis is available, provided it is safe and inexpensive...
October 20, 2018: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30338116/effect-of-exercise-modality-on-markers-of-insulin-sensitivity-and-blood-glucose-control-in-pregnancies-complicated-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
A Cremona, C O'Gorman, A Cotter, J Saunders, A Donnelly
Background/aim: Exercise can be used as a strategy to attenuate hyperglycaemia experienced during gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). To maximize its use for clinical management, the most effective modality should be identified. The purpose of this review is to elucidate the most effective modality of exercise on insulin sensitivity and blood glucose control in pregnant women with or at risk of GDM. Methods: A search was undertaken in MEDLINE, PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL, the Cochrane Library, Embase and the Maternity & Infant Healthcare Database...
October 2018: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337466/prenatal-exercise-including-but-not-limited-to-pelvic-floor-muscle-training-and-urinary-incontinence-during-and-following-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Margie H Davenport, Taniya S Nagpal, Michelle F Mottola, Rachel J Skow, Laurel Riske, Veronica J Poitras, Alejandra Jaramillo Garcia, Casey E Gray, Nick Barrowman, Victoria L Meah, Frances Sobierajski, Marina James, Megan Nuspl, Ashley Weeks, Andree-Anne Marchand, Linda G Slater, Kristi B Adamo, Gregory A Davies, Ruben Barakat, Stephanie-May Ruchat
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationships between prenatal physical activity and prenatal and postnatal urinary incontinence (UI). DESIGN: Systematic review with random effects meta-analysis and meta-regression. DATA SOURCES: Online databases were searched up to 6 January 2017. STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Studies of all designs were included (except case studies) if they were published in English, Spanish or French and contained information on the Population (pregnant women without contraindication to exercise), Intervention (subjective or objective measures of frequency, intensity, duration, volume or type of exercise, alone ["exercise-only"] or in combination with other intervention components [e...
November 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337464/impact-of-prenatal-exercise-on-both-prenatal-and-postnatal-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Margie H Davenport, Ashley P McCurdy, Michelle F Mottola, Rachel J Skow, Victoria L Meah, Veronica J Poitras, Alejandra Jaramillo Garcia, Casey E Gray, Nick Barrowman, Laurel Riske, Frances Sobierajski, Marina James, Taniya Nagpal, Andree-Anne Marchand, Megan Nuspl, Linda G Slater, Ruben Barakat, Kristi B Adamo, Gregory A Davies, Stephanie-May Ruchat
OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of prenatal exercise on depression and anxiety during pregnancy and the postpartum period. DESIGN: Systematic review with random effects meta-analysis and meta-regression. DATA SOURCES: Online databases were searched up to 6 January 2017. STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Studies of all designs were included (except case studies) if they were published in English, Spanish or French and contained information on the Population (pregnant women without contraindication to exercise), Intervention (subjective or objective measures of frequency, intensity, duration, volume or type of exercise), Comparator (no exercise or different frequency, intensity, duration, volume and type of exercise) and Outcome (prenatal or postnatal depression or anxiety)...
November 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337463/prenatal-exercise-for-the-prevention-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Margie H Davenport, Stephanie-May Ruchat, Veronica J Poitras, Alejandra Jaramillo Garcia, Casey E Gray, Nick Barrowman, Rachel J Skow, Victoria L Meah, Laurel Riske, Frances Sobierajski, Marina James, Amariah J Kathol, Megan Nuspl, Andree-Anne Marchand, Taniya S Nagpal, Linda G Slater, Ashley Weeks, Kristi B Adamo, Gregory A Davies, Ruben Barakat, Michelle F Mottola
OBJECTIVE: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), gestational hypertension (GH) and pre-eclampsia (PE) are associated with short and long-term health issues for mother and child; prevention of these complications is critically important. This study aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the relationships between prenatal exercise and GDM, GH and PE. DESIGN: Systematic review with random effects meta-analysis and meta-regression. DATA SOURCES: Online databases were searched up to 6 January 2017...
November 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337462/glucose-responses-to-acute-and-chronic-exercise-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Margie H Davenport, Frances Sobierajski, Michelle F Mottola, Rachel J Skow, Victoria L Meah, Veronica J Poitras, Casey E Gray, Alejandra Jaramillo Garcia, Nick Barrowman, Laurel Riske, Marina James, Taniya S Nagpal, Andree-Anne Marchand, Linda G Slater, Kristi B Adamo, Gregory A Davies, Ruben Barakat, Stephanie-May Ruchat
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the relationship between prenatal exercise and glycaemic control. DESIGN: Systematic review with random-effects meta-analysis and meta-regression. DATA SOURCES: Online databases were searched up to 6 January 2017. STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Studies of all designs were included (except case studies and reviews) if they were published in English, Spanish or French, and contained information on the population (pregnant women without contraindication to exercise), intervention (subjective or objective measures of frequency, intensity, duration, volume or type of acute or chronic exercise, alone ('exercise-only') or in combination with other intervention components (eg, dietary; 'exercise+cointervention') at any stage of pregnancy), comparator (no exercise or different frequency, intensity, duration, volume and type of exercise) and outcome (glycaemic control)...
November 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337460/2019-canadian-guideline-for-physical-activity-throughout-pregnancy
#7
Michelle F Mottola, Margie H Davenport, Stephanie-May Ruchat, Gregory A Davies, Veronica J Poitras, Casey E Gray, Alejandra Jaramillo Garcia, Nick Barrowman, Kristi B Adamo, Mary Duggan, Ruben Barakat, Phil Chilibeck, Karen Fleming, Milena Forte, Jillian Korolnek, Taniya Nagpal, Linda G Slater, Deanna Stirling, Lori Zehr
The objective is to provide guidance for pregnant women and obstetric care and exercise professionals on prenatal physical activity. The outcomes evaluated were maternal, fetal or neonatal morbidity, or fetal mortality during and following pregnancy. Literature was retrieved through searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Scopus and Web of Science Core Collection, CINAHL Plus with Full Text, Child Development & Adolescent Studies, Education Resources Information Center, SPORTDiscus, ClinicalTrials...
November 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337348/is-supine-exercise-associated-with-adverse-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Michelle F Mottola, Taniya S Nagpal, Roberta Bgeginski, Margie H Davenport, Veronica J Poitras, Casey E Gray, Gregory A Davies, Kristi B Adamo, Linda G Slater, Nick Barrowman, Ruben Barakat, Stephanie-May Ruchat
OBJECTIVE: Theoretical concerns regarding the supine position at rest due to the gravid uterus obstructing aorta and vena caval flow may impinge uterine blood flow (UBF) to the fetus and maternal venous return. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: Online databases up to 11 December 2017. STUDY CRITERIA: Eligible population (pregnant without contraindication to exercise), intervention (frequency, intensity, duration, volume or type of supine exercise), comparator (no exercise or exercise in left lateral rest position, upright posture or other supine exercise), outcomes (potentially adverse effects on maternal blood pressure, cardiac output, heart rate, oxygen saturation, fetal movements, UBF, fetal heart rate (FHR) patterns; adverse events such as bradycardia, low birth weight, intrauterine growth restriction, perinatal mortality and other adverse events as documented by study authors), and study design (except case studies and reviews) published in English, Spanish, French or Portuguese...
October 18, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337344/exercise-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-low-back-pelvic-girdle-and-lumbopelvic-pain-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Margie H Davenport, Andree-Anne Marchand, Michelle F Mottola, Veronica J Poitras, Casey E Gray, Alejandra Jaramillo Garcia, Nick Barrowman, Frances Sobierajski, Marina James, Victoria L Meah, Rachel J Skow, Laurel Riske, Megan Nuspl, Taniya S Nagpal, Anne Courbalay, Linda G Slater, Kristi B Adamo, Gregory A Davies, Ruben Barakat, Stephanie-May Ruchat
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to investigate the relationship between prenatal exercise, and low back (LBP), pelvic girdle (PGP) and lumbopelvic (LBPP) pain. DESIGN: Systematic review with random effects meta-analysis and meta-regression. DATA SOURCES: Online databases were searched up to 6 January 2017. STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Studies of all designs were eligible (except case studies and reviews) if they were published in English, Spanish or French, and contained information on the population (pregnant women without contraindication to exercise), intervention (subjective or objective measures of frequency, intensity, duration, volume or type of exercise, alone ["exercise-only"] or in combination with other intervention components [eg, dietary; "exercise + co-intervention"]), comparator (no exercise or different frequency, intensity, duration, volume and type of exercise) and outcome (prevalence and symptom severity of LBP, PGP and LBPP)...
October 18, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337214/a-prospective-examination-of-physical-activity-predictors-in-pregnant-women-with-normal-weight-and-overweight-obesity
#10
Erica L Rauff, Danielle Symons Downs
BACKGROUND: Scant research has examined the relationship between exercise behavior and weight status in pregnant women. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in which pregnant women (N = 332) completed self-report measures at each trimester. Repeated measures multivariate analysis of covariance (controlling for race, education, and parity) examined changes in the motivational determinants of exercise over time and by weight status. Regression analyses were conducted to understand how the motivational determinants predicted exercise behavior and to examine the impact of prepregnancy weight status...
October 15, 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30328169/does-exercise-during-pregnancy-impact-on-maternal-weight-gain-and-fetal-cardiac-function-a-randomized-controlled-study
#11
Maia Brik, Irene Fernández-Buhigas, Aránzazu Martin-Arias, Marina Vargas Terrones, Rubén Barakat, Belén Santacruz
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate differences in maternal weight gain and fetal cardiac function according to exercise during pregnancy METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was performed at Hospital de Torrejón, Madrid, including 120 pregnant women, allocated into Exercise Group (EG) and Control Group (CG). The primary outcome was maternal weight. Secondary outcomes included caesarean section, preterm delivery, induction of labor, birth weight and fetal cardiac function parameters. A sample size of 45 (90 both groups) was planned to detect differences in maternal weight gain of at least 1 Kg, with a power of >80% (>0...
October 17, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30313022/frequent-milk-and-soybean-consumption-are-high-risks-for-uterine-leiomyoma-a-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Mei Gao, Hui Wang
This study aims to retrospectively analyze the potential risk factors for uterine leiomyoma and prospectively examine whether these risk factors can increase the incidence of uterine leiomyoma.Women who attended our outpatient department from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2010 were enrolled. General demographical characteristics, personal information, and living habits were collected. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to identify the potential risk factors. Follow-up was regularly conducted to complete the prospective analysis...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305955/pregnancy-in-adults-with-repaired-unrepaired-atrial-septal-defect
#13
REVIEW
Charlène Bredy, François-Pierre Mongeon, Line Leduc, Annie Dore, Paul Khairy
Atrial septal defect (ASD) is the most common form of congenital heart disease. Left-to-right shunting leads to right ventricular (RV) volume overload with excessive pulmonary blood flow. Complications include exercise intolerance, pulmonary vascular disease, RV dysfunction, paradoxical thromboemboli, and atrial arrhythmias. Women with coexisting severe pulmonary hypertension should be counselled against pregnancy due to high incidence of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. In the absence of pulmonary hypertension, pregnancy is generally well tolerated in the setting of an ASD...
September 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305060/not-now-but-later-a-qualitative-study-of-non-exercising-pregnant-women-s-views-and-experiences-of-exercise
#14
Maria Ekelin, Mette Langeland Iversen, Mette Grønbæk Backhausen, Hanne Kristine Hegaard
BACKGROUND: Evidence has shown that there are several physical and mental advantages of exercise during pregnancy. Despite this, the recommendations for exercise during pregnancy are poorly fulfilled. The aim of this study was to illuminate non-exercising pregnant women's views and experiences concerning exercise before and during pregnancy. METHOD: The study had a qualitative design with an inductive approach and was analysed by content analysis. A total of 16 individual and face-to-face interviews were conducted with healthy pregnant women, mainly in the third trimester and living in Sweden...
October 11, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30301705/the-effect-of-pelvic-floor-muscle-exercise-on-female-sexual-function-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Sahar Sadat Sobhgol, Holly Priddis, Caroline A Smith, Hannah Grace Dahlen
INTRODUCTION: Pelvic floor muscle exercise (PFME) is recommended as a first-line treatment for urinary incontinence. However, a review of the literature suggests the effect of PFME on sexual function (SF), particularly during pregnancy and the postpartum period, is understudied. AIM: To assess the effect of PFME on SF during pregnancy and the postpartum period. METHODS: The following databases were searched: CINAHL (EBSCOhost), Health Collection (Informit), PubMed (National Center for Biotechnology Information), Embase (Ovid), MEDLINE, Cochrane, Health Source, Scopus, Wiley, Health & Medical Complete (ProQuest), Joanna Briggs Institute, and Google Scholar...
October 6, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300181/resting-hemodynamics-and-response-to-exercise-using-the-6-minute-walk-test-in-late-pregnancy-an-international-prospective-multicentre-study
#16
Alicia Therese Dennis, Marwa Salman, Emma Paxton, Margot Flint, Liz Leeton, Francois Roodt, Steve Yentis, Robert Anthony Dyer
BACKGROUND: Cardiac disease is the leading cause of maternal death. Assessment of cardiovascular fitness is important in pregnant women because it is linked to increased risk of cardiac disease but is rarely undertaken or studied. The 6-Minute Walk Test (6MWT) is a safe exercise test but is not used in pregnancy. We determined the 95% reference interval for resting heart rate (HR) and distance walked for the 6MWT, as well as hemodynamic recovery variables, and quantified expectations and actual experiences of exertion and breathlessness with exercise in late pregnancy...
October 8, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30297272/temporary-removal-canadian-guidelines-for-physical-activity-throughout-pregnancy
#17
Michelle F Mottola, Margie H Davenport, Stephanie-May Ruchat, Gregory A Davies, Veronica Poitras, Casey Gray, Alejandra Jaramillo, Nick Barrowman, Kristi B Adamo, Mary Duggan, Ruben Barakat, Phil Chilibeck, Karen Fleming, Milena Forte, Jillian Korolnek, Taniya Nagpal, Linda Slater, Deanna Stirling, Lori Zehr
The Publisher regrets that this article has been temporarily removed. A replacement will appear as soon as possible in which the reason for the removal of the article will be specified, or the article will be reinstated. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy.
October 5, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30293577/maternal-exercise-intervention-in-obese-pregnancy-improves-the-cardiovascular-health-of-the-adult-male-offspring
#18
Jessica H Beeson, Heather L Blackmore, Sarah K Carr, Laura Dearden, Daniella E Duque-Guimarães, Laura C Kusinski, Lucas C Pantaleão, Adele G Pinnock, Catherine E Aiken, Dino A Giussani, Denise S Fernandez-Twinn, Susan E Ozanne
OBJECTIVE: Obesity during pregnancy is associated with an elevated risk of cardiovascular disease in the offspring. With increased numbers of women entering pregnancy overweight or obese, there is a requirement for targeted interventions to reduce disease risk in future generations. Using an established murine model of maternal obesity during pregnancy, we investigated if a treadmill exercise intervention in the mother could improve offspring cardiac health and explored potential underlying mechanisms...
October 2018: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30288868/mexican-american-adolescents-perceptions-about-causes-of-perinatal-depression-self-help-strategies-and-how-to-obtain-mental-health-information
#19
Pamela Recto, Jane Dimmitt Champion
PROBLEM: Perinatal depression is a public health concern as it is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. Previous studies have recommended further examination of perinatal depression among Mexican-American adolescents. Thus, the purpose of this study was to understand pregnant and postpartum Mexican-American adolescents' knowledge and beliefs concerning perinatal depression. METHODS: This qualitative descriptive study examined perceptions about the causes of perinatal depression, self-help strategies, and how to obtain mental health information...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30270269/-new-strategies-for-exercise-mimetic-medication
#20
REVIEW
Sayaka Oda, Takuro Numaga-Tomita, Motohiro Nishida
 Moderate exercise has been reported to combat several diseases, including cardiovascular diseases and depressants. However, many patients do not have ability to undergo exercise therapy due to aging and severity of the symptoms. Therefore development of new drugs that can imitate exercise therapy is desired and actually studied worldwide. The heart is one of the physical load-responsive target organs such as skeletal muscles and vascular smooth muscles. The heart can adapt from environmental stress by changing its structure and morphology (i...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
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