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Pregnancy And Exercise

Ruth Martis, Caroline A Crowther, Emily Shepherd, Jane Alsweiler, Michelle R Downie, Julie Brown
BACKGROUND: Successful treatments for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have the potential to improve health outcomes for women with GDM and their babies. OBJECTIVES: To provide a comprehensive synthesis of evidence from Cochrane systematic reviews of the benefits and harms associated with interventions for treating GDM on women and their babies. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (5 January 2018) for reviews of treatment/management for women with GDM...
August 14, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Haruka Takei, Mie Shiraishi, Masayo Matsuzaki, Megumi Haruna
INTRODUCTION: Vegetable intake (VI) is important for both fetal and maternal health. However, VI is insufficient among many pregnant Japanese women. This study aimed to identify the factors related to VI during pregnancy. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2014, at a university hospital in Tokyo, Japan. Dietary intake was assessed using a brief-type self-administered diet history questionnaire. Demographic, physical, and psychological characteristics, dietary habits, and health-related behaviors were investigated using another questionnaire...
August 10, 2018: Appetite
Adele Krusche, Maret Dymond, Susannah E Murphy, Catherine Crane
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal depression, stress and anxiety are significant predictors of postnatal depression and also have a direct negative impact on the family. Helpful psychological interventions during pregnancy are scarce and expensive, and usually only available for a small percentage of those suffering or deemed to be at risk. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of an online mindfulness course for expectant mothers. DESIGN: A randomised study was conducted to explore differences between control and active participants allocated to take an online mindfulness course, offered free to research participants, or wait...
July 29, 2018: Midwifery
Weijia Sun, Dandan Chen, Jie Wang, Na Liu, Wei Zhang
Body image dissatisfaction has increased among pregnant women, affecting their mental and physical activities. Previous systematic reviews only found significant results existed in cross-sectional design instead of longitudinal designs. This meta-analytic review of cohort studies aimed to report the relationships and moderator variables about body image dissatisfaction and physical activity among pregnant women. We searched for studies in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and the Cochrane library until December 2017...
July 20, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Roger A Dampney, Lisete C Michelini, De-Pei Li, Hui-Lin Pan
The hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) is a unique and important brain region involved in the control of cardiovascular, neuroendocrine, and other physiological functions pertinent to homeostasis. The PVN is a major source of excitatory drive to the spinal sympathetic outflow via both direct and indirect projections. In this review, we discuss the role of the PVN in the regulation of sympathetic output in normal physiological conditions and in hypertension. In normal healthy animals, the PVN presympathetic neurons do not appear to have a major role in sustaining resting sympathetic vasomotor activity or in regulating sympathetic responses to short-term homeostatic challenges such as acute hypotension or hypoxia...
August 10, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Samantha M McDonald, SeonAe Yeo, Jihong Liu, Sara Wilcox, Xuemei Sui, Russell R Pate
Prenatal physical activity (PA) reduces the risk of delivering infants with a birthweight ≥4000 g among normal-weight pregnant women, but evidence on the impact of maternal cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) on birthweight remains equivocal among overweight or obese (OW/OB) pregnant women. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between maternal prenatal PA and CRF and birthweight in OW/OB pregnant women. Data from a randomized controlled exercise intervention trial in sedentary, OW/OB pregnant women were used...
September 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
Paul M C Lemmens, Francesco Sartor, Lieke G E Cox, Sebastiaan V den Boer, Joyce H D M Westerink
BACKGROUND: Excessive weight gain during pregnancy increases the risk for negative effects on mother and child during pregnancy, delivery, and also postnatally. Excessive weight gain can be partially compensated by being sufficiently physically active, which can be measured using activity trackers. Modern activity trackers often use accelerometer data as well as heart rate data to estimate energy expenditure. Because pregnancy affects the metabolism and cardiac output, it is not evident that activity trackers that are calibrated to the general population can be reliably used during pregnancy...
July 31, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Anna Szumilewicz
Extensive scientific evidence has shown that prenatal physical activity is a prerequisite for the proper course of pregnancy, fetal development, labour and delivery, and the postpartum period. In 2015, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists published a breakthrough statement that inactivity in pregnancy is risky behaviour. The aim of this paper is to provide answers to the questions concerning who and how should prescribe and conduct exercise programs for pregnant women. Close cooperation between the woman, her obstetric care provider and exercise specialists is necessary to promote exercise in pregnancy...
2018: Developmental Period Medicine
Virginia H Huxley, Scott S Kemp
The requirements of metabolizing tissue are both continuous and variable; accordingly, the microvasculature serving that tissue must be similarly dynamic. Just as it is recognized that males and females of the same species have differing metabolic requirements, is it not likely that the microvasculature serving these tissues will differ by sex? This section focusing on the constituents of the microcirculation identifies what is known presently about the role sex plays in matching metabolic demand with microvascular function and areas requiring additional study...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Stefan Malmqvist, Inger Kjaermann, Knut Andersen, Anne Marie Gausel, Inger Økland, Jan Petter Larsen, Kolbjorn S Bronnick
OBJECTIVE: To explore if pregnant women with pelvic girdle pain (PGP), subgrouped following the results from two clinical tests with high validity and reliability, differ in demographic characteristics and weekly amount of days with bothersome symptoms through the second half of pregnancy. DESIGN: A prospective longitudinal cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Pregnant women with pelvic and lumbopelvic pain due for their second-trimester routine ultrasound examination...
July 25, 2018: BMJ Open
Lawrence Nelson
Catholic doctrine's strict prohibition on abortion can lead clinicians or institutions to conscientiously refuse to provide abortion, although a legal duty to provide abortion would apply to anyone who refused. Conscientious refusals by clinicians to end a pregnancy can constitute murder or reckless homicide under American law if a woman dies as a result of such a refusal. Such refusals are not immunized from criminal liability by the constitutional right to the free exercise of religion or by statutes that confer immunity from criminal homicide prosecution...
July 2018: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
Bita Sadeghi, Masoud Sirati-Nir, Zahra Hajimini, Abbas Ebadi, Matin Ali-Asgari
Background: Pregnancy is important because maternal health and well-being directly affects another person's life. This study aimed to compare the effects of progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) and physical activity (PA) on the general health of pregnant women. Materials and Methods: This randomized clinical trial was conducted among 96 primiparous women enrolled in a prenatal clinic in Tehran (Iran) between May 3, 2013 and August 7, 2013. The participants were selected through convenience sampling over 3 weeks and randomly assigned to the PMR, PA, and control groups, comprising 32 participants each...
July 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
Christine McCourt, Susanna Rance, Juliet Rayment, Jane Sandall
AIMS AND BACKGROUND: Alongside midwifery units (AMUs, also known as hospital or co-located birth centres) were identified as a novel hybrid organisational form in the Birthplace in England Research Programme. This follow-on study aimed to investigate how AMUs are organised, staffed and managed, the experiences of women, and maternity staff including those who work in AMUs and in adjacent obstetric units. This article focuses on study findings relating to the organisation and management of AMUs...
July 4, 2018: Midwifery
Eirin Rise, Kari Bø, Wenche Nystad
BACKGROUND: Abdominal strength training before and during pregnancy has been recommended to enhance normal vaginal birth by enabling increased force needed for active pushing. However, to date there is little research addressing this hypothesis. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether nulliparous pregnant women reporting regular abdominal strength training prior to and at two time points during pregnancy have reduced risk of cesarean section, instrumental assisted vaginal delivery and third- and fourth-degree perineal tears...
July 6, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
John K Krugu, Fraukje E F Mevissen, Gerard Van Breukelen, Robert A C Ruiter
In sub-Saharan Africa, theory and evidenced-based interventions that are systematically designed and using sound evaluation methods to report on effectiveness are limited. A sex education programme called SPEEK was developed, implemented and evaluated in Ghana using the Intervention Mapping approach. SPEEK aimed at delaying sexual initiation, reducing sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and preventing pregnancy, targeting junior high school students in a West African rural setting. The final programme included 11 (interactive) lessons using a diverse range of theory-based methods...
August 1, 2018: Health Education Research
Mohammadreza Maleki Verki, Hassan Motamed
Rectus sheath hematoma is a rare but well-known problem. Exercise, pregnancy, subcutaneous injection of insulin, abdominal surgery and severe coughs can be predisposing factors of hemorrhage in the mentioned muscle sheath. Here, we will discuss a case of rectus sheath hematoma in a 28 year-old female patient who presented to emergency department with complaint of abdominal pain and improved in 1 week with palliative care.
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Lorna G Moore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
Sibele Lima da Costa Dantas, Glória Yanne Martins de Oliveira, Kalídia Felipe de Lima Costa, Ariane Alves Barros, Edna Maria Camelo Chaves, Rhanna Emanuela Fontenele Lima de Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: Describing the current panorama on the production of experimental studies related to the gestational period. METHOD: A bibliometric descriptive study using a quantitative approach. The data collection was performed in the International Clinical Trials Registry Platform in the month of October 2016. A descriptive statistical analysis was conducted after reading the abstracts and summarizing the material. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 33 studies registered in the period from 2007 to 2016...
July 10, 2018: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Ha-Nui Kim, Young-Ah Jung, Li-Ly Kang, Hoon-Ki Park, Hwan-Sik Hwang, Kye-Yeung Park
Background: It is well known that breastfeeding has a significant impact on the health of mothers and children. With the growing importance of breastfeeding, the present study aimed to investigate the relationship between breastfeeding and the prevalence of diabetes in Korean parous women. Methods: The data of 5,448 premenopausal parous women aged 20-49 years who agreed to participate in the 5th- 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed in this study...
July 9, 2018: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
Caroline Peres Klein, Juliana Bender Hoppe, André Brum Saccomori, Bernardo Gindri Dos Santos, João Pedro Sagini, Mariana Scortegagna Crestani, Pauline Maciel August, Régis Mateus Hözer, Mateus Grings, Belisa Parmeggiani, Guilhian Leipnitz, Plácido Navas, Christianne Gazzana Salbego, Cristiane Matté
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the main aging-associated neurodegenerative disorder and is characterized by mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress, synaptic failure, and cognitive decline. It has been a challenge to find disease course-modifying treatments. However, several studies demonstrated that regular physical activity and exercise are capable of promoting brain health by improving the cognitive function. Maternal lifestyle, including regular exercise during pregnancy, has also been shown to influence fetal development and disease susceptibility in adulthood through fetal metabolism programming...
July 7, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
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