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Esthetic surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30531282/application-of-three-dimensional-printing-technology-for-improved-orbital-maxillary-zygomatic-reconstruction
#1
Runqi Xue, Qingguo Lai, Shaolong Sun, Lei Lai, Xiaopeng Tang, Jiangbo Ci, Zhichao Zhang, Yang Wang
The reconstruction of orbital-maxillary-zygomatic complex (OMZC) on patients suffering from trauma and space-occupying lesions is challenging due to the irregularity of craniomaxillofacial bones. To overcome the challenge in precise OMZC reconstruction, individual three-dimensional (3D) disease models and mirror-imaged 3D reconstruction models were printed on the basis of the computer tomography. Preoperative planning by rehearsing surgical procedures was made on the 3D disease models and the scaffolds including titanium and absorbable meshes or plates were anatomically premolded using the mirror-imaged 3D models as guide...
December 10, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30531166/microsurgical-reconstruction-of-oral-defects-with-free-flaps-for-patients-with-oral-cancer-an-8-year-experience-with-153-consecutive-cases
#2
Kalvis Pastars, Janis Zarins, Juris Tars, Anna Ivanova, Andrejs Skagers
OBJECTIVE: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a common type of cancer affecting people worldwide, with still large proportion of patients diagnosed with the disease in the advanced stage. Due to free vascularised tissue transfers, radical cancer treatment and immediate reconstruction are feasible as a one-stage procedure. The aim of this paper is to evaluate retrospectively our experience with free flap reconstruction of oral defects for patients with oral malignancies in advanced stages...
2018: Stomatologija
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30528122/dental-implants-can-facilitate-orthognathic-surgery-in-a-patient-with-severe-maxillary-atrophy
#3
Gabriel Cury Batista Mendes, Constantinos Laskarides, Eduardo Antonio Ayub, Paulo Domingos Ribeiro-Junior
The surgical treatment of dentofacial deformities is performed routinely and predictably in dentate patients. However, when dealing with the edentulous maxilla, treatment becomes more challenging and less predictable. In these cases, the combination of orthognathic surgery and osseointegrated implants could be a viable alternative to enable fixed rehabilitation. A patient with an edentulous and atrophic maxilla with maxillomandibular discrepancy and high esthetic requirement was treated with a combination of osseointegrated implants and orthognathic surgery...
November 15, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30527707/systematic-review-of-outcomes-and-complications-in-nonimplant-based-mastopexy-surgery
#4
REVIEW
Pietro G di Summa, Carlo M Oranges, William Wafta, Gianluca Sapino, Nicola Keller, Sherylin K Tay, Ben K Chew, Dirk J Schaefer, Wassim Raffoul
BACKGROUND: Mastopexy is one of the most performed cosmetic surgery procedures in the U.S. Numerous studies on mastopexy techniques have been published in the past decades, including case reports, retrospective reviews, and prospective studies. However, to date, no study has investigated the overall complications or satisfaction rates associated with the wide spectrum of techniques. OBJECTIVES: This review aims to assess the outcomes of the various mastopexy techniques, without the use of implants, thus focusing on associated complications, and to provide a simplified classification system...
November 9, 2018: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30527570/esthetic-tunnel-exposure-a-combination-technique-for-peri-implant-soft-tissue-development-at-second-stage-surgery
#5
Howard Gluckman, Maurice Salama, Jonathan Du Toit
An esthetically pleasing result is the product of both prosthetic excellence and the health and quality of the soft tissue that frames the restoration. Management of the peri-implant coronal soft tissue is key to the ultimate success of treatment. This clinical report describes an alternative, novel approach, combining established concepts and methods into a single technique to improve esthetic results.
December 4, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30521658/mandible-reconstruction-with-patient-specific-implants-case-report-of-five-consecutive-patients
#6
David Öhman, Christian Schaefer, Ulf Nannmark, Göran Kjeller, Johan Malmström
The purpose of this case report was to assess whether patient-specific implants (PSI: Xillocs) and soft tissue flaps contribute in reconstructing large mandibular defects. Five patients with a medical situation and history not suitable for free microvascular bone flaps were operated with PSI and evaluated. The mean follow-up time was 12 months. The excellent fit, convenient surgery, and esthetic outcome were seen as the major advantages. The PSI can, in the authors' experience, be considered as a useful alternative provided they are well embedded by viable tissue and attached to vital resection margins of the recipient bone...
December 5, 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30513492/the-importance-of-prosthetic-planning-for-implant-supported-dentures-in-esthetic-zones-a-case-report
#7
Gustavo Vargas Da Silva Salomão, Fernando Toledo Santos, Sergio Allegrini Junior
INTRODUCTION: Implant-supported dentures in esthetic zones pose a great challenge to dental surgeons, since important factors are involved in treatment success, such as positioning of the implants, morphology of soft tissues, dental esthetics, and biomechanics of the prosthetic structure. PRESENTATION OF CASE: This clinical report describes the case of a patient previously subjected to dental surgery for implant placement on tooth #11 and subsequent prosthetic crown placement...
November 27, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30505085/application-of-embryonic-equivalents-in-male-to-female-sex-reassignment-surgery
#8
Balakrishnan Margabandu Thalaivirithan, Maithreyi Sethu, Dinesh Karuvakkurichi Ramachandran, Mahadevan Kandasamy, Jaganmohan Janardhanam
Introduction: The feeling of incongruence between phenotypic sex and psychological recognition of self-gender is termed gender dysphoria. Transsexualism is the most extreme form of this disorder. Aims and Objectives: The aims and objectives of the study are to evaluate the esthetic and functional outcome of embryonic equivalents-based male-to-female sex reassignment surgery in transwomen using the institutional scoring system. Materials and Methods: Thirty transwomen who had undergone male-to-female embryonic equivalents-based sex reassignment surgery (MFEEbSRS) from October 2012 to March 2016 were retrospectively studied...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30498179/dental-arch-dimensions-and-form-in-a-sudanese-sample
#9
Hashim K Saeed, Adil O Mageet
The aim of this study is to determine the dental arch dimensions (width and length) and form in a group of a Sudanese sample population. BACKGROUND: The size and shape of dental arches have significant implication in orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning as it affects the space available, dental esthetics and stability of the occlusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a biometric analysis of dental casts of 50 adult Sudanese dental students (20 males, 30 females) aged between 19 to 22 years with normal occlusion...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30498171/evaluation-of-treatment-outcome-following-closed-reduction-of-nasal-bone-fractures
#10
T Ajay Das, A Sachin Aslam, Ummar Mangalath, Roshni Abida, Rakesh B Nair, Sooraj Soman
INTRODUCTION: The closed reduction of a displaced nasal fracture is a preferred method in oral and maxillofacial surgery. This prospective study was conducted to evaluate the treatment outcome following closed reduction of nasal bone fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 20 patients with nasal bone fracture who underwent closed reduction were included in the study. The cases were operated under local or general anesthesia. The outcome of treatment was evaluated pre- and postoperatively through systematic follow-ups...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30480637/trans-oral-robotic-surgery-of-submandibular-gland-removal-with-preservation-of-sublingual-gland-and-wharton-s-duct
#11
Xiaozhen Lin, Limin Liang, Xiaojun Shao, Xiaodong Han
In surgical removal of a submandibular gland, trans-cervical approach has esthetic problem and existing trans-oral approaches are extensively invasive. The authors have used trans-oral robotic surgery to remove the submandibular gland with preservation of the sublingual gland and the Wharton's duct, and hereby report the case and discuss our preliminary experiences.
November 22, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30477783/anterior-open-bite-due-to-temporomandibular-joint-osteoarthrosis-with-muscle-dysfunction-treated-with-temporary-anchorage-devices
#12
Chiho Kato, Takashi Ono
Skeletal Class II high-angle open bite is often accompanied by osteoarthrosis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ-OA). This type of malocclusion is challenging to correct, and it has been reported that patients with TMJ-OA treated with orthognathic surgery often experience skeletal relapse and a poor prognosis. This case report describes the treatment of a 25-year-old woman with retrognathia and TMJ-OA, whose masseter and temporal muscle activities were weak. Temporary anchorage devices were placed in the maxilla and the mandible, and the first molars were intruded...
December 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30439330/three-dimensional-analysis-of-transverse-width-of-hard-tissue-and-soft-tissue-after-mandibular-setback-surgery-using-intraoral-vertical-ramus-osteotomy-a-retrospective-study
#13
Sang Hyun Song, Jun-Young Kim, Sung Hwa Lee, Jin Hoo Park, Hwi-Dong Jung, Young-Soo Jung
PURPOSE: Some clinicians are concerned that if an intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy (IVRO) is used to position the mandible posteriorly, the proximal segments should be positioned laterally to the distal segment, which could increase the transverse mandibular width, leading to esthetically unfavorable results. This study investigated short- and long-term postoperative transverse mandibular width changes in the soft and hard tissue after IVRO for mandibular prognathism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study comprised 44 patients who were treated with mandibular setback surgery using an IVRO...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30431184/multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-of-eosinophilic-granuloma-with-bone-graft-surgery-and-a-modified-implant-supported-hybrid-prosthesis-a-case-report-with-a-6-year-follow-up
#14
Meral Kurt, Bilge Turhan Bal, Ahu Uraz, Sevil Kahraman
Eosinophilic granuloma is the most common form of Langerhans cell histiocytosis and corresponds with bone lesions characterized by pain, rapid growth, and high tendency of recurrence after inadequate curettage. It is a rare disease that is difficult to diagnose clinically and radiographically because it mimics other odontogenic cysts and tumors. In this report, the reconstruction of an osseous defect with an iliac graft and a modified implant-supported hybrid prosthesis after surgical excision of an eosinophilic granuloma in the mandible of a 27-year-old male patient was described...
November 15, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418286/technique-of-the-buccal-fat-pad-flap-as-an-alternative-for-the-surgical-defect-of-pleomorphic-adenoma
#15
Jair Queiroz de Oliveira Neto, Edson Luiz Cetira Filho, Gabriel Silva Andrade, Daniel Ximenes da Silveira, Abrahão Cavalcante Gomes de Souza Carvalho
Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) is the most common benign salivary gland neoplasm, and its malignant transformation rarely occurs. Diagnosis is based on clinical features of local or regional malignancy or distant metastasis, and histological identification of invasion and cellular atypia. Buccal fat pad, also called Bichat fat pad, is an excellent option to create tissue coverage over surgically treated areas, providing great blood supply. Thus, this study aims to report a surgical treatment of a patient who reported to the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology service of a hospital in the city of Fortaleza, presenting a large lesion in the right side of the palate...
November 9, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418284/lesions-of-the-parotid-gland-and-buccal-artery-after-buccal-fat-pad-reduction
#16
Giovanni Modesto Vieira, Fabrício David Jorge, Eduardo Jacomino Franco, Leandro da Cunha Dias, Maria do Carmo Machado Guimarães, Laudimar Alves de Oliveira
The significant increase in esthetic surgery, especially buccal fat pad reduction, has led to a corresponding increase in lesions and postoperatory after-effects from this surgical procedure. The aim of this study is to discuss the immediate and mediate risks of removing the Bichat ball, as well as describing a clinical study in which this surgical procedure resulted in lesions of the parotid gland and buccal artery, which was confirmed via nuclear magnetic resonance. The facial lesions were remedied via exploratory surgery by opening a new orifice of the glandular duct in the buccal cavity followed by drainage and compressive surgical bandages...
November 9, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30412347/a-comparison-between-modified-and-conventional-surgical-techniques-for-surgical-lip-repositioning-in-the-management-of-the-gummy-smile
#17
Asmaa Alammar, Omar Heshmeh, Radek Mounajjed, Michaela Goodson, Omar Hamadah
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare conventional and modified lip repositioning surgical techniques used for management of gummy smile involving hyperactive lip elevator muscles. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A prospective study was conducted between April 2016 and May 2017. Twenty two adult patients aged 18-38 years with gummy smile ranging from 4 to 6 mm because of soft tissue disorders were included in the study. All patients were treated in the oral and maxillofacial department at Damascus University...
November 9, 2018: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30411093/endosseous-dental-implants-in-an-oncologic-population-a-primer-for-treatment-considerations
#18
Ivana Petrovic, Zain Uddin Ahmed, Evan Matros, Joseph M Huryn, Jatin P Shah, Evan B Rosen
Successful intraoral rehabilitation for patients with head and neck cancer can be extremely challenging to both the patient and the physician due to anatomical, functional, and esthetic changes from the cancer and its treatment. The measures with optimal oral hygiene to prevent or minimize the sequelae of cancer treatments are fundamental to preservation of function and avoidance of complications of therapy. In patients with loss of teeth, endosseous (dental) implants offer an option to improve intraoral rehabilitation...
November 8, 2018: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30358190/treatment-outcome-in-patients-with-breast-conserving-surgery-after-neoadjuvant-therapy-for-breast-carcinoma-a-single-institution-experience
#19
Aleksandar Martinovic, Nada Santrac, Ivana Bozovic-Spasojevic, Srdjan Nikolic, Ivan Markovic, Branko Lukic, Dusica Gavrilovic, Miroslav Granic, Radan Dzodic
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze outcomes of breast conserving surgery (BCS) after neoadjuvant treatment (NAT) in comparison to radical mastectomy (RM) after NAT in terms of disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS) and patients' satisfaction with the esthetic outcomes of surgery. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted at the National Cancer Research Center of Serbia, Belgrade, from January 1st 2011 to December 31st 2015, on breast carcinoma patients receiving NAT...
July 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30357695/bioceramics-for-clinical-application-in-regenerative-dentistry
#20
Ika Dewi Ana, Gumilang Almas Pratama Satria, Anne Handrini Dewi, Retno Ardhani
Bioceramics represent functional ceramics with significant interest in regenerative medicine area. In orthopedics as well as in oral and maxillofacial surgery, bioceramics have been widely used as bone reconstructive materials. The most common one is hydroxyapatite which have been in the market and clinical applications since the mid of 1970s. Nowadays, a lot of works have been being in the pipeline to develop bioceramics for various clinical applications in regenerative medicine area, including dentistry. Bioceramics have been used and considered promising candidate for periodontal treatment, prevention of relapse, nerve regeneration, vaccine adjuvant, drug delivery technology, even for esthetic medicine and cosmetics...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
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