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Jordi Remon, Laura Mezquita, Jesús Corral, Noelia Vilariño, Noemi Reguart
Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have revolutionized treatment landscape among non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients in first- and second-line setting, and may become soon new treatment options in other thoracic malignancies such as small cell lung cancer (SCLC) or mesothelioma. The use of these drugs has indubitably changed the toxicity profile the oncologists are familiar with, and new spectra of immune-related adverse events are being reported with the widespread use of immunotherapies in solid tumors...
May 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Roberto Ferrara, Laura Mezquita, Benjamin Besse
The treatment paradigm of NSCLC underwent a major revolution during the course of 2017. Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) brought remarkable improvements in response and overall survival both in unselected pretreated patients and in untreated patients with programmed death ligand 1 expression of 50% or more. Furthermore, compelling preliminary results were reported for new combinations of anti-programmed cell death 1/programmed death ligand 1 agents with chemotherapy or anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte associated protein 4 inhibitors...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
Howard K Plummer, Madhu S Dhar, Maria Cekanova, Hildegard M Schuller
BACKGROUND: Previous data from our laboratory has indicated that there is a functional link between the beta-adrenergic receptor signaling pathway and the G-protein inwardly rectifying potassium channel (GIRK1) in human breast cancer cell lines. We wanted to determine if GIRK channels were expressed in lung cancers and if a similar link exists in lung cancer. METHODS: GIRK1-4 expression and levels were determined by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and real-time PCR...
2005: BMC Cancer
E Work, S M Bentzen, O S Nielsen, K Fode, W Michalski, T Palshof
The value of prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) in the treatment of small cell lung cancer (SCLC) remains controversial. As part of a randomised study investigating the timing of chest irradiation (CI) with respect to combination chemotherapy, the effect of PCI was evaluated. Between 1981 and 1989, patients were randomised to initial chest irradiation ICI (99 patients) or 18 weeks delayed late chest irradiation LCI (100 patients). PCI was given to 157 patients. In the beginning, only ICI patients received PCI, but in October 1984 the strategy was changed so that all patients received PCI...
May 1996: European Journal of Cancer
R R Ryan, J L Daniel, A Cowan
We examined the profile of two bombesin (BN) antagonists, (CH3)2CHCO-His-Trp-Ala-Val-D-Ala-His-Leu-NHCH3] (ICI 216140) and [D-Phe6,des-Met14]BN(6-14)ethylamide (DPDM-BN EA), against neuromedin B-induced Ca2+ mobilization in the small cell lung cancer (SCLC) line NCI-H345. Neuromedin B (NMB), a BN-like peptide sharing sequence homology with ranatensin, elicited a concentration-dependent Ca2+ release (in part) from intracellular stores. Sequential addition of NMB attenuated Ca2+ mobilization. Desensitization occurred between BN and NMB; depletion of intracellular Ca2+ is a likely mechanism because thapsigargin stimulated Ca2+ release after a maximally desensitizing dose of NMB...
November 1993: Peptides
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