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Gastric content

Yu Ding, Yamei Yan, Yujia Peng, Dan Chen, Jia Mi, Lu Lu, Qing Luo, Xiaoying Li, Xiaoxiong Zeng, Youlong Cao
In the present study, the digestion under simulated saliva, gastric and small intestinal conditions and in vitro fermentation by human gut microbiota of Lycium barbarum polysaccharides (LBPS) were investigated. As a result, LBPS contained carbohydrates, uronic acids, protein and polyphenols of 60.96 ± 5.58, 20.98 ± 2.49, 5.30 ± 0.12 and 1.04 ± 0.06%, respectively. Furthermore, LBPS was mainly consisted of glucuronic acid (5.12 mol%), galacturonic acid (12.40 mol%), glucose (2.15 mol%), galactose (39...
December 12, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Xuan Li, Lei Peng, Guoxin Zhang
The reflux of gastric contents into the esophagus is a common complication post-esophagectomy. Endoscopic suturing technique is becoming a useful treatment in gastrointestinal tract. This system takes advantage of robust tissue approximation by use of a suturing needle, equal to that of surgery. Therefore, we aimed to suturing the anastomosis by overstitchTM in treatment of regurgitation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
December 14, 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
Sugandha Arya, Saqib Shahab, Rahul Kumar, Pankaj Kumar Garg
Bochdalek hernia (BH) in an adult may manifest clinically with a myriad of abdominal or chest symptoms or a combination of them. Diagnosis of an adult BH is usually delayed in view of rarity of the lesion and its varied presentation. A 30-year-old adult gentleman presented to us with a left thoracostomy which was draining pus and ingested food particles. The tube thoracostomy had been performed in another hospital for an apparent left hydropneumothorax before he arrived in our hospital. Computed tomography of Chest and abdomen revealed a left diaphragmatic defect with herniation of stomach, spleen and omentum into the chest with organo-axial volvulus of the stomach...
2018: Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)
Giancarlo Schiappacasse, Fabián Villacrés, Cristián Cavalla, Franco Orellana, Alejandra Gallardo, Roberto Charles
Heterotopic pancreas is a silent gastrointestinal malformation that may become clinically evident when complicated by inflammation and pseudocyst formation. We report a 26 year-old male presenting with vomiting, pain and abdominal distention. An abdominal CT scan showed an important gastric distention secondary to a 4-cm cystic lesion located in the antrum wall. An endosonography showed that the lesion obstructed the gastric outlet and was compatible with a pseudocyst. A cysto-gastrostomy was performed draining the cyst...
August 2018: Revista Médica de Chile
Jaime Nieto-Zermeño, Ricardo Ordorica Flores, Blanca Del Río-Navarro, Betzabé Salgado-Arroyo, Jorge Mario Molina-Díaz
Introduction: Obesity is a world pandemic; in Mexico 3 out of 10 adolescents suffer from it. Conservative management of morbid obesity is not effective and bariatric surgery is the only useful therapy. International pediatric bariatric surgery series are scarce and in Mexico there is limited experience. Method: We analyze the metabolic repercussions, comorbidities and complications in our series of Mexican adolescents with morbid obesity who underwent a gastric sleeve between 2011 and 2015...
2018: Gaceta Médica de México
Essouassi Elikem, Brian D Laird, Jordan Hamilton, Katherine Stewart, Steven D Siciliano, Derek Peak
Previous studies have suggested that understanding soil metal speciation, rather than relying solely on total metal content, can improve the accuracy and utility of contaminated site risk assessments. Since soil properties and reaction time can alter metal speciation, then speciation should influence metal bioaccessibility. For example, under gastrointestinal conditions, it is expected that metal species will differ in bioaccessibility depending upon their stability in acidic pH environments. We studied the links between metal speciation and bioaccessibility...
December 7, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Da-Wei Lian, Yi-Fei Xu, Wen-Kang Ren, Li-Jun Fu, Fang-Jun Chen, Li-Yao Tang, Hui-Ling Zhuang, Hong-Ying Cao, Ping Huang
Patchouli alcohol (PA), a natural tricyclic sesquiterpene extracted from Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Benth. (Labiatae), has been found to exhibit anti- Helicobacter pylori and anti-inflammatory properties. In this study, we investigated the protective effect of PA against H. pylori- induced gastritis in vitro and in vivo , and determined the underlying mechanism. In the in vivo experiment, a C57BL/6 mouse model of gastritis was established using H. pylori SS1, and treatments with standard triple therapy or 5, 10, and 20 mg/kg PA were performed for 2 weeks...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Zoë-Marie Ellis, Hui Shan Grace Tan, Nicolas D Embleton, Per Torp Sangild, Ruurd M van Elburg
BACKGROUND: High feed osmolality (or osmolarity) is often suggested to be linked with adverse gastrointestinal events in preterm infants. AIM: To systematically review the literature on milk feed osmolality and adverse gastrointestinal events in newborn and low birthweight infants and animals. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, CAB Abstracts, Current Contents, BIOSIS Previews and SciSearch were searched from inception to May 2018 to identify potentially relevant studies...
December 6, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Guido Camps, Kees de Graaf, Paul A M Smeets
Background: The most commonly consumed carbonated beverages are soda and beer. Carbon dioxide increases gastric volume, which can lead to epigastric discomfort. Women are more susceptible to this; however, correlations with neural activity and gastric distention are unknown. Objective: This study sought to determine the subjective, gastric, and neural correlates of epigastric discomfort in men and women. Methods: Thirty-four healthy, normal-weight adults [17 women; mean ± SD body mass index (BMI; kg/m2): 22...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Andrew Davies, Wei Sheng Pang, Timothy Fowler, Ffion Dewi, Thomas Wright
Preoperative fasting is necessary to reduce the risk of regurgitation of gastric contents and pulmonary aspiration in patients undergoing general anaesthetic and procedural sedation. Excessive fasting is associated with metabolic, cardiovascular and gastrointestinal complications and patient discomfort. We aimed to reduce the fasting time for patients on the plastic surgery trauma list. Adult inpatients awaiting surgery were asked to complete a preoperative assessment sheet. Questions included the length of preoperative fasting, clarity of instructions and wellness scores...
2018: BMJ Open Quality
Yang Yang, Changhui Zhao, Mengxue Diao, Shuning Zhong, Maocheng Sun, Bo Sun, Haiqing Ye, Tiehua Zhang
Hericium erinaceus (HE) is a well-known edible and medicinal fungus widely grown in Asian countries. Polysaccharides from the Hericium erinaceus (HEP) are major biological macromolecules. It has been reported that HEP has multiple biological activities, such as antioxidant activity, immunomodulatory effects, anti-inflammatory effect, anti-chronic gastritis activity, and so on. In the current study, we investigated the biological property of HEP during gastrointestinal digestion. The results indicated that both simulated gastric and small intestinal digesta of HEP has better stimulation of probiotics growth than HEP alone, especially for Lactobacillus plantarum BG112...
November 30, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Abdelgawad A Fahmi, Mariam Abdur-Rahman, Asmaa F Aboul-Naser, Manal A Hamed, Howida I Abd-Alla, Mohamed I Nasr
CONTEXT: Stomach ulcers are the common gastrointestinal disorders worldwide. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic impact of Pulicaria crispa aerial part ethanol extract against gastric ulcer in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ulcer was induced by one oral dose of ethanol (0.5 ml/100g body weight) on 24 hours empty stomach, then the plant extract (500 mg/kg b.wt.) was orally administered daily for one week. Ranitidine (100mg/kg b...
December 4, 2018: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
Jong-Min Lim, Chang-Hyun Song, Su-Jin Park, Dong-Chan Park, Hyung-Rae Cho, Go-Woon Jung, Khawaja Muhammad Imran Bashir, Sae Kwang Ku, Jae-Suk Choi
This study was designed to observe the possible protective effects of a triple-fermented barley ( Hordeum vulgare L.) extract (FBe) obtained by saccharification and using Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Weissella cibaria in alleviating gastric damage induced by a hydrochloric acid (HCl) and ethanol (EtOH) mixture in mice. After oral administration of FBe (300, 200, and 100 mg/kg) followed by 1 hr before and after the single treatment of HCl/EtOH (H/E) mixture, the hemorrhagic lesion scores, histopathology of the stomach, gastric nitrate/nitrite content, lipid peroxidation, and antioxidant defense systems including catalase and superoxide dismutase activities were observed...
November 2018: Food Science & Nutrition
Hui Yang, Yi Lu, Xiao-Feng Zeng, Ling Li, Rong-Ping Zhang, Zhong-Kun Ren, Xu Liu
Background: Baicalin (BA) has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity. Zinc is a nutrient element. Objective: This study is aimed at investigating the antichronic gastric ulcer activity of Zn-Baicalin complex (BA-Zn) and its related mechanisms in an acetic acid-induced gastric ulcer rat model. Results: The severely ulcerated gastric mucosa of model rats had lower GSH-Px (52.21 ± 7.13) and SOD (7.03 ± 0.10) activity, and higher MDA (2...
2018: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
Stephania Aragón-Rojas, María Ximena Quintanilla-Carvajal, Humberto Hernández-Sánchez
This study aims to evaluate the multifunctional role of whey culture medium during the spray drying microencapsulation of Lactobacillus fermentum K73. Whey culture medium containing growing microorganisms served to hydrate different mixtures (gum arabic, maltodextrin and whey). We evaluated the use of these mixtures as carbon sources and their protective effects on simulated gastrointestinal conditions. The optimal mixture was spray-dried while varying the outlet temperature and atomizing pressure using a response surface design...
September 2018: Food Technology and Biotechnology
David C Mackenzie, Aftab M Azad, Vicki E Noble, Andrew S Liteplo
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine test performance characteristics of emergency physician ultrasound for the identification of gastric contents. METHODS: Subjects were randomized to fast for at least 10 h or to consume food and water. A sonologist blinded to the patient's status performed an ultrasound of the stomach 10 min after randomization and oral intake, if applicable. The sonologist recorded their interpretation of the study using three sonographic windows...
January 2019: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Antonio Commisso, Fidelindo Lim
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic disorder that causes the unwanted backflow of gastric contents into the esophagus, throat, and mouth. Gastroesophageal reflux disease affects roughly 20% of the US population. It is estimated that older adults experience GERD symptoms more commonly and with greater severity because of age-related physiologic changes. Comorbidities and polypharmacy, common in older adults, can also exacerbate GERD symptoms, which can allow the disease to progress. This integrative review aims to identify key lifestyle-associated risk factors and interventions appropriate for older adults with GERD...
January 2019: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
Philipp Wurm, Elisabeth Dörner, Christina Kremer, Julia Spranger, Cynthia Maddox, Bettina Halwachs, Ute Harrison, Thomas Blanchard, Rainer Haas, Christoph Högenauer, Gregor Gorkiewicz, W Florian Fricke
Clinical interventions in the stomach have been linked to fecal microbiota alterations, suggesting a function of the stomach in gastrointestinal (GI) homeostasis. We sought to determine the taxonomic bacterial biogeography of the upper GI tract, including different sites within the human stomach (cardia, corpus, and antrum), adjacent upstream (esophagus) and downstream (duodenum) locations, and luminal contents (aspirate), as well as whole-stomach samples from mice and gerbils. Qualitative and quantitative DNA- and RNA-based taxonomic microbiota analyses were combined to study the relationship of relative and absolute bacterial abundances and transcriptionally active bacterial microbiota components in the stomach of humans and mice...
November 2018: MSystems
Johan Rebetz, John W Semple, Rick Kapur
The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a serious and common complication of multiple medical and surgical interventions, with sepsis, pneumonia, and aspiration of gastric contents being common risk factors. ARDS develops within 1 week of a known clinical insult or presents with new/worsening respiratory symptoms if the clinical insult is unknown. Approximately 40% of the ARDS cases have a fatal outcome. Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI), on the other hand, is characterized by the occurrence of respiratory distress and acute lung injury, which presents within 6 h after administration of a blood transfusion...
October 2018: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVEFor patients with highly asymmetrical Parkinson's disease (PD), unilateral subthalamic nucleus (STN) deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been suggested as a reasonable treatment. However, the results of a previous 2-year follow-up study involving patients with prominently asymmetrical PD who had unilateral STN DBS suggested that simultaneous bilateral surgery should be performed. In the present study, the authors analyze 7-year follow-up data from the same patient group to examine changes in motor benefit from unilateral STN DBS over time and the interval between initial unilateral surgery and a second (contralateral) STN DBS surgery...
November 1, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
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