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Mustafa Hayati Atala, Gülbahar Ustağlu, Nagehan Atala, Elif Yeğin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the tooth discoloration effect of the daily use protocol of six different mouthrinses. METHODS: 70 extracted caries-free central incisors were divided into seven groups (n=10/per group) : Group 1: Curasept Anti Discoloration System; Group 2: CB12; Group 3: Listerine Zero; Group 4: Listerine Cool Mint; Group 5: Colgate Plax; Group 6: Kloroben. The teeth were exposed to the mouthrinse for 2 minutes daily for 3 weeks. Color measurement was performed four times: at the beginning of the study, and after 1, 2 and 3 weeks, with a digital spectrophotometer (Vita Easyshade Advanced)...
August 2018: American Journal of Dentistry
Cristina Garcia-Godoy, James Rothrock, Nataliya Gurich, Mary Kay Anastasia, Robert W Gerlach
PURPOSE: To assess use of a two-step dentifrice/gel sequence versus chlorhexidine gluconate mouthrinse on gingivitis prevention after dental prophylaxis. METHODS: A 12-week, randomized controlled trial was conducted to compare the effectiveness and safety of a two-step dentifrice/gel sequence to a positive control in healthy adults with established gingivitis. After informed consent, gingivitis and stain levels were assessed by clinical examination. Eligible subjects received a dental prophylaxis and were randomly assigned to twice daily unsupervised use of either (1) two-step oral hygiene sequence:0...
July 2018: American Journal of Dentistry
Leonardo Trombelli, Anna Simonelli, Mattia Pramstraller, Maria Elena Guarnelli, Chiara Fabbri, Elisa Maietti, Roberto Farina
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the postsurgery gingival healing as well as plaque, gingival inflammation and staining levels following the use of a 0.2% chlorhexidine (CHX) solution with or without antidiscoloration system (ADS) and 0.2% hyaluronic acid (HA). METHODS: Patients undergoing flap surgery at sites with an intact or reduced but healthy periodontium participated in a parallel-arm RCT. After surgery, patients used the assigned mouthrinse (CHX + HA + ADS or CHX) for 21 days...
August 12, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Aline Silva Braga, Giovana Bissoli Degand, Juliana Gonçalves Pires, Daiana Moreli Soares Dos Santos, Ana Carolina Magalhães
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of PerioGard, Listerine, Noplak, Malvatricin and Cepacol commercial mouthrinses containing alcohol on the viability of Streptococcus mutans strain and of a microcosm biofilm and on the prevention of enamel demineralization. METHODS: The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC) were determined against S. mutans (ATCC 25175). Microcosm biofilm formed from human saliva mixed with McBain saliva was created on bovine enamel for 5 days...
June 2018: American Journal of Dentistry
Laura Fernández-Ferrer, María Vicente-Ruíz, Verónica García-Sanz, José María Montiel-Company, Vanessa Paredes-Gallardo, José Manuel Almerich-Silla, Carlos Bellot-Arcís
BACKGROUND: One of the adverse effects of orthodontic treatment is the appearance of white-spot lesions (WSLs) resulting from enamel demineralization. The objective of this systematic review was to investigate the effectiveness of remineralization therapies on WSLs after orthodontic treatment. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: In this systematic review, the authors identified relevant articles listed in 5 databases-PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Scopus, Embase, and Web of Science-by using a combination of search terms referring to orthodontics, demineralization, and treatment...
July 11, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
Ayako Nakamoto, Masaomi Ikeda, Noriko Hiraishi, Toru Nikaido, Motohiro Uo, Junji Tagami
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of fluoride mouthrinses on dentin bonding performance of a two-step selfetch adhesive; Clearfil SE Bond. Bovine root dentin surface was treated with either 450, 900, or 9,000 ppm F solutions for 30 s (immediate), and continually treated for one month (one month) before the bonding procedures. Microtensile bond strength (µTBS) test and scanning electron microscopic (SEM) observation of the acid-base resistance zone (ABRZ) were performed. Chemical state of fluorine on dentin surface was analyzed by X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS)...
July 12, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
Aakansha Sharma, Nidhi Agarwal, Ashish Anand, Zohra Jabin
Introduction: Streptococcus mutans is the prime microbe responsible for caries. Mouthwashes represent an effective means for decreasing their count. To ascertain this, three commercially available mouthrinses were evaluated for their antimicrobial activity. Materials and method: Chlorhexidine, Sodium fluoride and Herbal mouth rinse were evaluated for their efficacy against S. mutans in 60 children aged 6-12 years old. Plain water acted as the control group. Results: The values obtained were subjected to statistical analysis...
May 2018: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
Kulvinder Singh Banga, Sweta Rastogi, Siddhi Mistry
Background: Witnessing the alarming rise and pattern of distribution of dental caries worldwide, the need of the hour is to take initiative in preventing the spread further. Aim: This survey was conducted to determine the occurrence of dental caries and its associated risk factors in teenagers of Mumbai city who visited Nair Hospital Dental College. Materials and Methods: The objective of the study was to analyze the current dietary habits, oral hygiene status, and the number of sugar exposures in teenagers by a questionnaire followed by clinical examination which was carried out using International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) II to detect the profile of dental caries...
April 2018: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Habtamu K Benecha, John S Preisser, Kimon Divaris, Amy H Herring, Kalyan Das
Unlike zero-inflated Poisson regression, marginalized zero-inflated Poisson (MZIP) models for counts with excess zeros provide estimates with direct interpretations for the overall effects of covariates on the marginal mean. In the presence of missing covariates, MZIP and many other count data models are ordinarily fitted using complete case analysis methods due to lack of appropriate statistical methods and software. This article presents an estimation method for MZIP models with missing covariates. The method, which is applicable to other missing data problems, is illustrated and compared with complete case analysis by using simulations and dental data on the caries preventive effects of a school-based fluoride mouthrinse program...
July 2018: Biometrical Journal. Biometrische Zeitschrift
Nicole Birgit Arweiler, Friederike Grelle, Anton Sculean, Christian Heumann, Thorsten M Auschill
PURPOSE: This double-blind, clinical, cross-over study evaluated the antibacterial effect of three toothpastes (ASF, HTP and STP) and a chlorhexidine mouthrinse (0.2%; CHX; positive control) after a single application on established biofilm over a period of 24 h (substantivity). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four subjects refrained from all oral hygiene measures for a period of 72 h. After 48 h, a baseline biofilm sample was taken and vitality of the biofilm flora was examined (baseline, VF0)...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Michael C Lynch, Roland Perfekt, James A McGuire, Jeffery Milleman, John Gallob, Pejmon Amini, Kimberly Milleman
BACKGROUND: Dentinal hypersensitivity is a prevalent oral condition that can be treated with in-office application of potassium oxalate (KO), which has US Food and Drug Administration 510(k) clearance. In this study, the authors assessed a KO mouthrinse for home use. The authors evaluated clinically meaningful improvement by analyzing the proportions of participants who responded to treatment. METHODS: In this multicenter, double-blind, parallel-group controlled study, the authors randomly assigned 375 participants with dentinal hypersensitivity to 1 of 2 mouthrinse groups: KO (189 participants) and placebo (186 participants)...
July 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
Alex J Delgado, Anna Paula Dias Ribeiro, Alejandro Quesada, Luis E Rodríguez, Rosa Hernández, Bonita Wynkoop, Deborah A Dilbone
This in vitro study measured the pH values, titratable acidity (TA), and erosive potential of commercially available mouthrinses. A pH analysis of 6 mouthrinses (Listerine Total Care, Listerine Ultraclean, Listerine Original, Crest Pro-Health, Scope Classic, and ACT Total Care) was performed using a calibrated pH meter, and the neutralizable acidity was measured by titrating the mouthwashes against 0.1 M of sodium hydroxide. A gravimetric analysis was performed by submerging human enamel and dentin specimens in 5 mL of each mouthrinse for a total of 2 weeks...
May 2018: General Dentistry
Debra M Ferraiolo, Analia Veitz-Keenan
Data sourcesCochrane Oral Health's Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Medline, Embase, CINAHL, EBSCO (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, LILACS, BIREME, Virtual Health Library (Latin American and Caribbean Health Science Information database), Zetoc Conference Proceedings, the US National Institutes of Health Ongoing Trials Register, ( and the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform for ongoing trials...
March 23, 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
Farhad Sobouti, Vahid Rakhshan, Mohaddeseh Heydari, Shohreh Keikavusi, Sepideh Dadgar, Mahsa Shariati
INTRODUCTION: Routine brushing protocols might not suffice to reduce the increased plaque accumulation in orthodontic patients. Antimicrobial mouth rinses are favorable in this regard. This two-phase study evaluated the effects of orthodontic treatment and the application of two mouthwashes not studied before on oral health indices. METHODS: In this two-phase study (a prospective cohort followed by a parallel randomized controlled trial), plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), gingival bleeding index (GBI), and pocket probing depth (PPD) were measured in 54 orthodontic patients before orthodontic treatment and 4 months later...
March 2018: International Orthodontics
Romina Brignardello-Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
Aline Silva Braga, Juliana Gonçalves Pires, Ana Carolina Magalhães
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial (anti-biofilm) and anti-caries (enamel demineralization prevention) effects of Malva sylvestris (Malvatricin® Plus) compared with known antimicrobial mouthrinses. Microcosm biofilm was produced on enamel, using inoculum from pooled human saliva mixed with McBain saliva (0.2% sucrose) for 14 days. The biofilm was treated with mouthrinses for 1 min day-1 . Oral-B® Complete, Listerine® Zero and Malvatricin® Plus had the greatest effect on the reduction of biofilm viability (p < 0...
March 2018: Biofouling
H P Vivek, G M Prashant, Seema Geetha, Sabari Chandramohan, Md Imranulla, P B Srinidhi
AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of mouth-rinses containing olive oil, fluoride, and their combination on enamel erosion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An in vitro study of 45 enamel specimens, which were prepared from 45 extracted teeth, was employed. Each specimen was subjected to 10 alternative demineralization and remineralization cycles. Remineralizing cycle includes 5 minutes exposure with one of the mouthrinse, and demineralizing cycle includes 3 minute exposure to 1% citric acid...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
J Zhang, N Ab Malik, C McGrath, Olt Lam
AIM: To review the effectiveness of antiseptic oral sprays on oral health. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Three electronic databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library and Web of Science) were systematically searched to identify relevant studies. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the effect of oral sprays to placebo/control spray or mouthrinse on dental plaque and gingival inflammation were included. RESULTS: Among a total of 996 papers, 20 effective studies fulfilled the selection criteria, and 8 studies were suitable for inclusion in meta-analyses...
February 6, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Anil K Goyal, Ambika S Rathore, Mamta Garg, Rinku Mathur, Meenakshi Sharma, Abhishek Khairwa
Aim: This study was conducted to evaluate and compare the antimicrobial efficacy of magnetized water as a mouthwash on colony count of Streptococcus mutans in children. Materials and methods: Total sample size of 30 children were selected out of screened 290 children by simple random sampling between the age group of 7 and 12 years. The study was conducted over a period of 2 weeks. After selection of the children according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, children were allowed using 10 mL of 72 hours magnetized water for 3 minutes twice in a day for a period of 2 weeks, and further plaque and saliva samples were collected at 1- and 2-week intervals from baseline...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Anirban Chatterjee, Koel Debnath, Nagabhushan Koratagere Hanumanta Rao
Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of 0.1% curcumin mouthwash and to compare it with 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate as an antiplaque agent and its effect on gingival inflammation. Materials and Methods: One hundred and fifty subjects, age between 20 and 30 years were recruited. Study population were randomly divided into three groups. In Group A, 50 subjects were advised the experimental mouthwash. Group B subjects used placebo mouthrinse, and chlorhexidine mouth wash was given to Group C...
March 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
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