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Christina Erbe, Malgorzata Klukowska, Hans C Timm, Matthew L Barker, Janneke van der Wielen, Heinrich Wehrbein
OBJECTIVES: To assess plaque and gingivitis reduction in orthodontic patients after 4 weeks' use of an oscillating-rotating power brush, irrigator, and mouthrinse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a randomized, examiner-blind, clinical trial comparing plaque and gingivitis outcomes for an experimental power brush/irrigator/mouthrinse oral hygiene routine vs a dental prophylaxis followed by regular manual brushing (positive control). Fifty-one participants with fixed orthodontic appliances in the upper and lower jaw and a minimum of 15 gingival bleeding sites were randomly assigned to experimental or positive control treatment...
December 5, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
Ruoxi Dai, Otto L T Lam, Edward C M Lo, Leonard S W Li, Colman McGrath
OBJECTIVES: This study was to assess the effectiveness of a conventional oral hygiene care programme (COHCP) and an advanced oral hygiene care programme (AOHCP) on prevalence and viable counts of oral opportunistic pathogens among patients undergoing stroke rehabilitation. METHODS: A total of 94 patients were randomized to two groups. Subjects were block randomized to: either (1) COHCP: manual toothbrushing with oral hygiene instruction (OHI); or (2) AOHCP: powered toothbrushing, mouthrinsing with chlorhexidine and OHI...
November 17, 2018: Oral Diseases
Chang Liu, Yubin Cao, Jie Lin, Linda Ng, Ian Needleman, Tanya Walsh, Chunjie Li
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia occurring in residents of long-term care facilities and nursing homes can be termed 'nursing home-acquired pneumonia' (NHAP). NHAP is the leading cause of mortality among residents. NHAP may be caused by aspiration of oropharyngeal flora into the lung, and by failure of the individual's defence mechanisms to eliminate the aspirated bacteria. Oral care measures to remove or disrupt oral plaque might be effective in reducing the risk of NHAP. OBJECTIVES: To assess effects of oral care measures for preventing nursing home-acquired pneumonia in residents of nursing homes and other long-term care facilities...
September 27, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Candice A Bellis, Owen Addison, Angela H Nobbs, Peter F Duckworth, James A Holder, Michele E Barbour
OBJECTIVE: Glass ionomer cements (GICs) are a versatile material, offering the opportunity for ion exchange with the oral environment. The aim of this study was to develop a GIC that delivers a controlled, rechargeable dose of chlorhexidine (CHX) over an extended period without compromising mechanical properties. METHODS: GICs were supplemented with finely milled particles of chlorhexidine hexametaphosphate (CHX-HMP). CHX release into artificial saliva was measured over 660 days, and recharge with CHX and CHX-HMP was investigated...
September 21, 2018: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Shashibhushan Kukkalli Kamalaksharappa, Ramya Rai, Prashant Babaji, M C Pradeep
Objectives: The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy of probiotic and green tea mouthrinse on salivary pH. Method: Study was conducted over a period of one month among 40 healthy school children aged between 6-8 years. The subjects who fulfilled inclusion criteria were selected and randomly divided into 2 groups namely probiotic and green tea groups. Salivary pH was recorded at baseline (0 day) and at the end of the specified time period using GC pH strips...
July 2018: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Romina Brignardello-Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 26, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
Fahad Ali Alshehri
Background: Standard recommendations to maintain daily oral hygiene include tooth brushing and interdental cleaning. Evidence from literature indicates that using a mouthrinse as an adjunct provides benefit beyond mechanical methods. The objective of this article was to evaluate the short- and long-term effect of a mouthwash containing essential oils (LISTERINE®) in improving oral health. Methods: PubMed (MEDLINE) and bibliographies from the relevant retrieved reviews were searched to identify clinical studies involving the use of LISTERINE mouthrinse...
January 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
Swara Shah, Seema Bargale, Bhavna H Dave, Anshula Deshpande, Pratik B Kariya, Anuradha Karri
Background: The chemomechanical plaque control measures are helpful in controlling dental plaque and thus caries, especially in pediatric age group. Aim: This study aims to compare effectiveness of herbal mouthrinse containing Terminalia chebula to that of 0.2% chlorhexidine against children's salivary mutans streptococci levels. Settings and Design: A double-blind, randomized, controlled study design will be framed for conducting this study...
July 2018: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Mustafa Hayati Atala, Gülbahar Ustağlu, Nagehan Atala, Elif Yeğin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the tooth discoloration effect of the daily use protocol of six different mouthrinses. METHODS: 70 extracted caries-free central incisors were divided into seven groups (n=10/per group) : Group 1: Curasept Anti Discoloration System; Group 2: CB12; Group 3: Listerine Zero; Group 4: Listerine Cool Mint; Group 5: Colgate Plax; Group 6: Kloroben. The teeth were exposed to the mouthrinse for 2 minutes daily for 3 weeks. Color measurement was performed four times: at the beginning of the study, and after 1, 2 and 3 weeks, with a digital spectrophotometer (Vita Easyshade Advanced)...
August 2018: American Journal of Dentistry
Cristina Garcia-Godoy, James Rothrock, Nataliya Gurich, Mary Kay Anastasia, Robert W Gerlach
PURPOSE: To assess use of a two-step dentifrice/gel sequence versus chlorhexidine gluconate mouthrinse on gingivitis prevention after dental prophylaxis. METHODS: A 12-week, randomized controlled trial was conducted to compare the effectiveness and safety of a two-step dentifrice/gel sequence to a positive control in healthy adults with established gingivitis. After informed consent, gingivitis and stain levels were assessed by clinical examination. Eligible subjects received a dental prophylaxis and were randomly assigned to twice daily unsupervised use of either (1) two-step oral hygiene sequence:0...
July 2018: American Journal of Dentistry
Leonardo Trombelli, Anna Simonelli, Mattia Pramstraller, Maria Elena Guarnelli, Chiara Fabbri, Elisa Maietti, Roberto Farina
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the postsurgery gingival healing as well as plaque, gingival inflammation and staining levels following the use of a 0.2% chlorhexidine (CHX) solution with or without antidiscoloration system (ADS) and 0.2% hyaluronic acid (HA). METHODS: Patients undergoing flap surgery at sites with an intact or reduced but healthy periodontium participated in a parallel-arm RCT. After surgery, patients used the assigned mouthrinse (CHX + HA + ADS or CHX) for 21 days...
August 12, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Aline Silva Braga, Giovana Bissoli Degand, Juliana Gonçalves Pires, Daiana Moreli Soares Dos Santos, Ana Carolina Magalhães
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of PerioGard, Listerine, Noplak, Malvatricin and Cepacol commercial mouthrinses containing alcohol on the viability of Streptococcus mutans strain and of a microcosm biofilm and on the prevention of enamel demineralization. METHODS: The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC) were determined against S. mutans (ATCC 25175). Microcosm biofilm formed from human saliva mixed with McBain saliva was created on bovine enamel for 5 days...
June 2018: American Journal of Dentistry
Laura Fernández-Ferrer, María Vicente-Ruíz, Verónica García-Sanz, José María Montiel-Company, Vanessa Paredes-Gallardo, José Manuel Almerich-Silla, Carlos Bellot-Arcís
BACKGROUND: One of the adverse effects of orthodontic treatment is the appearance of white-spot lesions (WSLs) resulting from enamel demineralization. The objective of this systematic review was to investigate the effectiveness of remineralization therapies on WSLs after orthodontic treatment. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: In this systematic review, the authors identified relevant articles listed in 5 databases-PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Scopus, Embase, and Web of Science-by using a combination of search terms referring to orthodontics, demineralization, and treatment...
September 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
Ayako Nakamoto, Masaomi Ikeda, Noriko Hiraishi, Toru Nikaido, Motohiro Uo, Junji Tagami
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of fluoride mouthrinses on dentin bonding performance of a two-step selfetch adhesive; Clearfil SE Bond. Bovine root dentin surface was treated with either 450, 900, or 9,000 ppm F solutions for 30 s (immediate), and continually treated for one month (one month) before the bonding procedures. Microtensile bond strength (µTBS) test and scanning electron microscopic (SEM) observation of the acid-base resistance zone (ABRZ) were performed. Chemical state of fluorine on dentin surface was analyzed by X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS)...
July 12, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
Aakansha Sharma, Nidhi Agarwal, Ashish Anand, Zohra Jabin
Introduction: Streptococcus mutans is the prime microbe responsible for caries. Mouthwashes represent an effective means for decreasing their count. To ascertain this, three commercially available mouthrinses were evaluated for their antimicrobial activity. Materials and method: Chlorhexidine, Sodium fluoride and Herbal mouth rinse were evaluated for their efficacy against S. mutans in 60 children aged 6-12 years old. Plain water acted as the control group. Results: The values obtained were subjected to statistical analysis...
May 2018: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
Kulvinder Singh Banga, Sweta Rastogi, Siddhi Mistry
Background: Witnessing the alarming rise and pattern of distribution of dental caries worldwide, the need of the hour is to take initiative in preventing the spread further. Aim: This survey was conducted to determine the occurrence of dental caries and its associated risk factors in teenagers of Mumbai city who visited Nair Hospital Dental College. Materials and Methods: The objective of the study was to analyze the current dietary habits, oral hygiene status, and the number of sugar exposures in teenagers by a questionnaire followed by clinical examination which was carried out using International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) II to detect the profile of dental caries...
April 2018: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Habtamu K Benecha, John S Preisser, Kimon Divaris, Amy H Herring, Kalyan Das
Unlike zero-inflated Poisson regression, marginalized zero-inflated Poisson (MZIP) models for counts with excess zeros provide estimates with direct interpretations for the overall effects of covariates on the marginal mean. In the presence of missing covariates, MZIP and many other count data models are ordinarily fitted using complete case analysis methods due to lack of appropriate statistical methods and software. This article presents an estimation method for MZIP models with missing covariates. The method, which is applicable to other missing data problems, is illustrated and compared with complete case analysis by using simulations and dental data on the caries preventive effects of a school-based fluoride mouthrinse program...
July 2018: Biometrical Journal. Biometrische Zeitschrift
Nicole Birgit Arweiler, Friederike Grelle, Anton Sculean, Christian Heumann, Thorsten M Auschill
PURPOSE: This double-blind, clinical, cross-over study evaluated the antibacterial effect of three toothpastes (ASF, HTP and STP) and a chlorhexidine mouthrinse (0.2%; CHX; positive control) after a single application on established biofilm over a period of 24 h (substantivity). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four subjects refrained from all oral hygiene measures for a period of 72 h. After 48 h, a baseline biofilm sample was taken and vitality of the biofilm flora was examined (baseline, VF0)...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
Michael C Lynch, Roland Perfekt, James A McGuire, Jeffery Milleman, John Gallob, Pejmon Amini, Kimberly Milleman
BACKGROUND: Dentinal hypersensitivity is a prevalent oral condition that can be treated with in-office application of potassium oxalate (KO), which has US Food and Drug Administration 510(k) clearance. In this study, the authors assessed a KO mouthrinse for home use. The authors evaluated clinically meaningful improvement by analyzing the proportions of participants who responded to treatment. METHODS: In this multicenter, double-blind, parallel-group controlled study, the authors randomly assigned 375 participants with dentinal hypersensitivity to 1 of 2 mouthrinse groups: KO (189 participants) and placebo (186 participants)...
July 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
Alex J Delgado, Anna Paula Dias Ribeiro, Alejandro Quesada, Luis E Rodríguez, Rosa Hernández, Bonita Wynkoop, Deborah A Dilbone
This in vitro study measured the pH values, titratable acidity (TA), and erosive potential of commercially available mouthrinses. A pH analysis of 6 mouthrinses (Listerine Total Care, Listerine Ultraclean, Listerine Original, Crest Pro-Health, Scope Classic, and ACT Total Care) was performed using a calibrated pH meter, and the neutralizable acidity was measured by titrating the mouthwashes against 0.1 M of sodium hydroxide. A gravimetric analysis was performed by submerging human enamel and dentin specimens in 5 mL of each mouthrinse for a total of 2 weeks...
May 2018: General Dentistry
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