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Measurement-based psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30081863/effect-of-virtual-reality-aggression-prevention-training-for-forensic-psychiatric-patients-vrapt-study-protocol-of-a-multi-center-rct
#1
Stéphanie Klein Tuente, Stefan Bogaerts, Sarah van IJzendoorn, Wim Veling
BACKGROUND: Many patients residing in forensic psychiatric centers have difficulties regulating their aggression in an adequate manner. Therefore, they are frequently involved in conflicts. Evidenced-based aggression therapies in forensic psychiatry are scarce, and due to the highly secured environment, it is hard to practice real-life provocations. We have developed a Virtual Reality aggression prevention training (VRAPT), providing safe virtual environments, in which patients can practice controlling their aggressive behaviors in an adequate way...
August 6, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30060289/-compulsive-treatment-in-psychiatry-and-self-determination-anthropology-of-a-liminal-encounter
#2
Juan Valdes-Stauber
BACKGROUND: Whereas from a professional point of view, a medical treatment might seem necessary, this treatment might be refused by the patient. In such cases, the patient's ability to determine his will is the key. Any substitutive medical decision is justified by a specific normative framework. OBJECTIVE: The dialectic between a patient's inability to determine his will and the conviction of physicians about the necessity of a medical intervention is reformulated from a medical-anthropological point of view...
July 30, 2018: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30047451/-preventing-violence-during-hospitalisations-in-psychiatry
#3
Charles Alezrah, Marielle Lafont, Roland Bouet, Anne Depaigne-Loth, Cédric Paindavoine, Michel Laurence, Marie-Hélène Rodde-Dunet, Jean-Louis Senon
Over recent years, the psychiatric sector has endeavoured to develop community-based care. Paradoxically, the number of compulsory hospitalisations is increasing. At the same time, the legal framework is evolving and measures relating to the deprivation of liberty in the context of psychiatric care have given rise to extensive guidelines. The work of the French National Health Authority represents, in this context, a certain continuity, with regard to the legal, ethical and social discussions around restriction of liberty practices within psychiatric units...
July 2018: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30043432/orthostatic-hypotension-in-patients-with-late-life-depression-prevalence-and-validation-of-a-new-screening-tool
#4
Amruta Shanbhag, Helen Awai, Soham Rej, Alan J Thomas, Klajdi Puka, Akshya Vasudev
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of orthostatic hypotension (OH) in a sample of late life depression (LLD) patients and to determine the validity of a standardized questionnaire, the Orthostatic Hypotension Questionnaire (OHQ). Secondarily, we wished to assess variables associated with OH. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study on 82 consecutive geriatric outpatients presenting with LLD. OH was defined as a fall in systolic blood pressure of greater than 20 mm Hg and/or 10 mm Hg on diastolic blood pressure on an orthostatic stress test from sitting to standing...
July 24, 2018: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30028830/interictal-epileptiform-discharge-detection-in-eeg-in-different-practice-settings
#5
Jonathan J Halford, M Brandon Westover, Suzette M LaRoche, Micheal P Macken, Ekrem Kutluay, Jonathan C Edwards, Leonardo Bonilha, Giridhar P Kalamangalam, Kan Ding, Jennifer L Hopp, Amir Arain, Rachael A Dawson, Gabriel U Martz, Bethany J Wolf, Chad G Waters, Brian C Dean
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the study was to measure the performance of academic and private practice (PP) neurologists in detecting interictal epileptiform discharges in routine scalp EEG recordings. METHODS: Thirty-five EEG scorers (EEGers) participated (19 academic and 16 PP) and marked the location of ETs in 200 30-second EEG segments using a web-based EEG annotation system. All participants provided board certification status, years of Epilepsy Fellowship Training (EFT), and years in practice...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30010603/drug-repositioning-for-schizophrenia-and-depression-anxiety-disorders-a-machine-learning-approach-leveraging-expression-data
#6
Kai Zhao, Hon-Cheong So
Development of new medications is a lengthy and costly process, and drug repositioning might help to shorten the development cycle. We present a machine learning (ML) workflow to drug discovery or repositioning by predicting indication for a particular disease based on drug expression profiles, with a focus on applications in psychiatry. Drugs that are not originally indicated for the disease but with high predicted probabilities serve as candidates for repurposing. This approach is widely applicable to any chemicals or drugs with expression profiles measured, even if drug targets are unknown...
July 16, 2018: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29966539/automated-fall-detection-technology-in-inpatient-geriatric-psychiatry-nurses-perceptions-and-lessons-learned
#7
Marge Coahran, Loretta M Hillier, Lisa Van Bussel, Edward Black, Rebekah Churchyard, Iris Gutmanis, Yani Ioannou, Kathleen Michael, Tom Ross, Alex Mihailidis
ABSTRACTHospitalized older adults are at high risk of falling. The HELPER system is a ceiling-mounted fall detection system that sends an alert to a smartphone when a fall is detected. This article describes the performance of the HELPER system, which was pilot tested in a geriatric mental health hospital. The system's accuracy in detecting falls was measured against the hospital records documenting falls. Following the pilot test, nurses were interviewed regarding their perceptions of this technology. In this study, the HELPER system missed one documented fall but detected four falls that were not documented...
September 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920581/a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-biopsychosocial-care-for-adults-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-pilot-study
#8
Chang Kyun Lee, Gil Y Melmed, Amy Mann, Itai Danovitch, Rebecca Hedrick, Dermot P B McGovern, Stephan Targan, David Shih, Eric Vasiliauskas, Waguih William IsHak, Edward Feldman
Background: This study reports on the logistics and feasibility of a novel multidisciplinary approach to biopsychosocial care at a tertiary adult inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) center. Methods: Consecutive patients referred for a new IBD consultation completed the following self-assessments: the Short Form-12, the Patient Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Global Health Scale, the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2...
June 15, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872303/incidence-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-psychiatric-inpatients-a-chart-review
#9
Masahiro Takeshima, Hiroyasu Ishikawa, Kazumi Shimizu, Takashi Kanbayashi, Tetsuo Shimizu
Purpose: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is the combination of pulmonary embolism (PE) and deep vein thrombosis. In recent years, VTE has been gaining attention in the field of psychiatry as it can cause sudden deaths in patients hospitalized in psychiatric departments. The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence of VTE in psychiatric inpatients using contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT). Patients and methods: At the psychiatric department of the Akita University Hospital, NANOPIA® D-dimer was measured in patients with suspected symptomatic VTE or believed to be at risk for asymptomatic VTE...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29798739/the-fountain-of-health-effective-health-promotion-knowledge-transfer-in-individual-primary-care-and-group-community-based-formats
#10
Amy Gough, Beverley Cassidy, Kiran Rabheru, David Conn, Donaldo D Canales, Keri-Leigh Cassidy
ABSTRACTBackground:The Fountain of Health (FoH) initiative is a knowledge transfer (KT) project on the science of brain health and resilience promotion, in alignment with positive psychiatry. OBJECTIVES: Assess the effectiveness of FoH KT delivered in individual and group-based formats. DESIGN: Pre- and post-intervention quality assurance survey of FoH KT. SETTING: Interventions occurred in Nova Scotia, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Adults over age 50 years without pre-existing dementia were targeted...
May 25, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778776/identification-and-medical-utilization-of-incident-cases-of-alcohol-dependence-a-population-based-case-control-study
#11
Chun-Hung Pan, Min-Shan Li, Tien-Wey Yang, Ming-Chyi Huang, Sheng-Shiang Su, Yen-Ni Hung, Chiao-Chicy Chen, Chian-Jue Kuo
BACKGROUND: Patients with alcohol dependence (AD) often seek help from medical professionals due to alcohol-related diseases, but the overall distribution of medical specialties identifying new AD cases is unclear. We investigated how such cases were identified and how medical resources were utilized before the identification of AD in a nationwide cohort. METHODS: We enrolled a population-based cohort (N = 1,000,000) using the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan; 8181 cases with incident AD were retrieved between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2010...
July 1, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734057/institutionalised-otherness-patients-references-to-psychiatric-diagnostic-categories
#12
Elina Weiste, Anssi Peräkylä, Taina Valkeapää, Enikö Savander, Jukka Hintikka
Diagnosis is integral part of the way medicine organises illness: it is important for identifying treatment options, predicting outcomes and providing an explanatory framework for clinicians. Previous research has shown that during a medical visit not only the clinician but also patients provide explanations for the causes of their symptoms and health problems. Patients' lifeworld explanations are often differentiated from the diagnostic explanations provided by clinicians. However, while previous conversation analytic research has elaborated the ways in which diagnostic and lifeworld explanations are interactionally structured in somatic medicine, there is little research on how these explanations are organised in psychiatry...
June 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729979/metabolic-syndrome-and-associated-factors-among-psychiatric-patients-in-jimma-university-specialized-hospital-south-west-ethiopia
#13
Sintayehu Asaye, Shiferaw Bekele, Daniel Tolessa, Waqtola Cheneke
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is a multisystem disorder which coined to describe the recognized clustering of metabolic and cardiovascular abnormalities including obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and abnormalities of glucose homeostasis. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and associated factors of metabolic syndrome among psychiatric patients in Jimma University Specialized Hospital. METHODS: This study was conducted at Jimma University Specialized hospital psychiatric ward from May 15 to July 16, 2015...
April 24, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717479/improving-socio-emotional-health-for-pupils-in-early-secondary-education-with-pyramid-a-school-based-early-intervention-model
#14
Michelle Jayman, Maddie Ohl, Bronach Hughes, Pauline Fox
BACKGROUND: Policymakers are focusing increased attention on the role of schools to promote and support children's mental health, and evidence-based models of good practice are in demand. Pyramid Club is a school-based, socio-emotional intervention, demonstrably effective with primary-aged pupils. AIMS: This study extends previous Pyramid Club evaluations by examining effectiveness with pupils in early secondary education; service users' perceptions and experiences were investigated to increase understanding of Pyramid's impact, thus supporting enhanced practice...
May 1, 2018: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713097/a-pilot-evaluating-clinical-pharmacy-services-in-an-ambulatory-psychiatry-setting
#15
Valerie A Lindell, Nicole L Stencel, Rachel C Ives, Kristen M Ward, Thomas Fluent, Hae Mi Choe, Jolene R Bostwick
Objectives: A pilot of clinical services provided by psychiatric clinical pharmacists in an outpatient clinic are described and evaluated. The primary objective was to evaluate the difference in change of Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-9 and/or Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) Questionnaire scores between the two groups. Secondary objectives were to assess time patients spent in clinic, time to target psychotropic medication dose, and patient self-reported medication adherence. Experimental Design: Data were collected from January 2014 to November 2015 for patients with depression and/or anxiety who had an appointment within an outpatient psychiatric clinic with either a provider (control) or both a provider and clinical pharmacist (case)...
February 5, 2018: Psychopharmacology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710118/disorganized-gyrification-network-properties-during-the-transition-to-psychosis
#16
Tushar Das, Stefan Borgwardt, Daniel J Hauke, Fabienne Harrisberger, Undine E Lang, Anita Riecher-Rössler, Lena Palaniyappan, André Schmidt
Importance: There is urgent need to improve the limited prognostic accuracy of clinical instruments to predict psychosis onset in individuals at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis. As yet, no reliable biological marker has been established to delineate CHR individuals who will develop psychosis from those who will not. Objectives: To investigate abnormalities in a graph-based gyrification connectome in the early stages of psychosis and to test the accuracy of this systems-based approach to predict a transition to psychosis among CHR individuals...
June 1, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702377/severity-of-mental-health-concerns-in-pediatric-primary-care-and-the-role-of-child-psychiatry-access-programs
#17
Rheanna Platt, Sean Pustilnik, Elizabeth Connors, Nicole Gloff, Kelly Bower
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical severity of patients for whom Primary Care Providers (PCPs) requested consultation from Maryland's Child Psychiatry Access Program (CPAP), and examine the proportion and associated characteristics of severe cases being managed alone by PCPs versus co-managed with mental health specialists. METHODS: Data were collected for 872 cases based on calls received between October 2012 and December 2016. Severity was measured by consultant-assigned Clinical Global Impression-Severity (CGI-S) score...
February 24, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698543/clinical-course-and-prevalence-of-coercive-measures-an-observational-study-among-involuntarily-hospitalised-psychiatric-patients
#18
Florian Hotzy, Sonja Moetteli, Anastasia Theodoridou, Andres Ricardo Schneeberger, Erich Seifritz, Paul Hoff, Matthias Jäger
AIMS OF THE STUDY: In daily clinical work, coercion continues to be highly prevalent, with rates differing between countries and sometimes even within countries or between wards of the same hospital. Previous research found inconsistent characteristics of individuals who underwent coercive measures during psychiatric treatment. Furthermore, there continues to be a lack of knowledge on the clinical course of people after being involuntarily committed. This study aimed to describe the rate and duration of different coercive measures and characterise a cohort of involuntarily committed patients regarding sociodemographic and clinical variables...
April 26, 2018: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662521/evaluating-training-programs-for-primary-care-providers-in-child-adolescent-mental-health-in-canada-a-systematic-review
#19
Sandra Gotovac, Stacey Espinet, Reza Naqvi, Lorelei Lingard, Margaret Steele
Introduction: The need for child/adolescent mental health care in Canada is growing. Primary care can play a key role in filling this gap, yet most providers feel they do not have adequate training. This paper reviews the Canadian literature on capacity building programs in child and adolescent psychiatry for primary care providers, to examine how these programs are being implemented and evaluated to contribute to evidence-based initiatives. Methods: A systematic literature review of peer-reviewed published articles of capacity building initiatives in child/adolescent mental health care for primary care practitioners that have been implemented in Canada...
April 2018: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656671/the-reliable-change-index-rci-of-the-who-5-in-primary-prevention-of-mental-disorders-a-measurement-based-pilot-study-in-positive-psychiatry
#20
Per Bech, Lone Lindberg, Stine B Moeller
INTRODUCTION: Primary prevention of mental disorders is a major issue in positive psychiatry. Adjustment disorder is one of the very few discrete mental disorders linked to an etiological factor, namely psychosocial stressors given rise to a maladaptive reaction with a course of symptoms vanishing with the removal of the stressor. We have focused on a measurement-based method to prevent the development of an adjustment disorder. AIM: The aim of this study has been to analyze from an ongoing Worklife Barometer Survey in which the World Health Organization Well-Being Scale (WHO-5) has been applied to prevent distress leading to an adjustment disorder...
April 14, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
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