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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098946/negative-association-between-mr-spectroscopic-glutamate-markers-and-gray-matter-volume-after-alcohol-withdrawal-in-the-hippocampus-a-translational-study-in-humans-and-rats
#1
Ulrich Frischknecht, Derik Hermann, Nuran Tunc-Skarka, Guo-Ying Wang, Markus Sack, Julia van Eijk, Traute Demirakca, Claudia Falfan-Melgoza, Bertram Krumm, Sandra Dieter, Rainer Spanagel, Falk Kiefer, Karl F Mann, Wolfgang H Sommer, Gabriele Ende, Wolfgang Weber-Fahr
BACKGROUND: Both chronic alcohol consumption and alcohol withdrawal lead to neural tissue damage which partly recovers during abstinence. This study investigated withdrawal-associated changes in glutamatergic compounds, markers of neuronal integrity, and gray matter volumes during acute alcohol withdrawal in the hippocampus, a key region in development and maintenance of alcohol dependence in humans and rats. METHODS: Alcohol-dependent patients (N = 39) underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and MR spectroscopy (MRS) measurements within 24 hours after the last drink and after 2 weeks of abstinence...
January 18, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078889/quantification-of-free-polyelectrolytes-present-in-colloidal-suspension-revealing-a-source-of-toxic-responses-for-polyelectrolyte-wrapped-gold-nanoparticles
#2
Tian A Qiu, Marco D Torelli, Ariane M Vartanian, Nathan B Rackstraw, Joseph T Buchman, Lisa M Jacob, Catherine J Murphy, Robert J Hamers, Christy L Haynes
Polyelectrolyte (PE) wrapping of colloidal nanoparticles (NPs) is a standard method to control NP surface chemistry and charge. Because excess polyelectrolytes are usually employed in the surface modification process, it is critical to evaluate different purification strategies to obtain a clean final product and thus avoid ambiguities in the source of effects on biological systems. In this work, 4 nm diameter gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were wrapped with 15 kDa poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH), and three purification strategies were applied: (a) diafiltration or either (b) one round or (c) two rounds of centrifugation...
January 10, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074323/changes-in-cerebral-metabolism-during-ketogenic-diet-in-patients-with-primary-brain-tumors-1-h-mrs-study
#3
Moran Artzi, Gilad Liberman, Nachum Vaisman, Felix Bokstein, Faina Vitinshtein, Orna Aizenstein, Dafna Ben Bashat
Normal brain cells depend on glucose metabolism, yet they have the flexibility to switch to the usage of ketone bodies during caloric restriction. In contrast, tumor cells lack genomic and metabolic flexibility and are largely dependent on glucose. Ketogenic-diet (KD) was suggested as a therapeutic option for malignant brain cancer. This study aimed to detect metabolic brain changes in patients with malignant brain gliomas on KD using proton magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS). Fifty MR scans were performed longitudinally in nine patients: four patients with recurrent glioblastoma (GB) treated with KD in addition to bevacizumab; one patient with gliomatosis-cerebri treated with KD only; and four patients with recurrent GB who did not receive KD...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070839/-1-h-and-31-p-myocardial-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-in-non-obstructive-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-patients-and-competitive-athletes
#4
Francesco Secchi, Giovanni Di Leo, Marcello Petrini, Riccardo Spairani, Marco Alì, Marco Guazzi, Francesco Sardanelli
PURPOSE: The clinical differentiation between athlete's heart and mild forms of non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is crucial. We hypothesized that differences do exist between the myocardial metabolism of patients with non-obstructive HCM and competitive athletes (CAs). Our aim was to evaluate myocardial metabolism with (31)P-MRS and (1)H-MRS in HCM patients and CAs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After Ethics Committee approval, 15 CAs and 7 HCM patients were prospectively enrolled...
January 9, 2017: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063694/post-wbrt-cognitive-impairment-and-hippocampal-neuronal-depletion-measured-by-in-vivo-metabolic-mr-spectroscopy-results-of-prospective-investigational-study
#5
Petr Pospisil, Tomas Kazda, Ludmila Hynkova, Martin Bulik, Marie Dobiaskova, Petr Burkon, Nadia N Laack, Pavel Slampa, Radim Jancalek
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim of this prospective study is to evaluate post-whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) changes in hippocampal concentration of N-acetylaspartate (h-tNAA) as a marker of neuronal loss and to correlate those changes to neurocognitive function. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-five patients with brain metastases underwent baseline single slice multi-voxel MR spectroscopy (MRS) examination for measurement of hippocampal h-tNAA together with baseline battery of neurocognitive tests focused on memory (Auditory Verbal Learning Test and Brief Visuospatial Memory Test - Revised) as well as quality of life questionnaires (EORTC QLQ-C30 a EORTC QLQ-BN20)...
January 4, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061502/brain-abscesses-associated-with-asymptomatic-pulmonary-arteriovenous-fistulas
#6
Taek-Kyun Nam, Yong-Sook Park, Jeong-Taik Kwon
Brain abscess commonly occurs secondary to an adjacent infection (mostly in the middle ear or paranasal sinuses) or due to hematogenous spread from a distant infection or trauma. Pulmonary arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are abnormal direct communications between the pulmonary artery and vein. We present two cases of brain abscess associated with asymptomatic pulmonary AVF. A 65-year-old woman was admitted with a headache and cognitive impairment that aggravated 10 days prior. An magnetic resonance (MR) imaging revealed a brain abscess with severe edema in the right frontal lobe...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060285/preparation-and-in-vitro-characterization-of-dendrimer-based-contrast-agents-for-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#7
Serhat Gündüz, Tanja Savić, Đorđe Toljić, Goran Angelovski
Paramagnetic complexes of gadolinium(III) with acyclic or macrocyclic chelates are the most commonly used contrast agents (CAs) for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Their purpose is to enhance the relaxation rate of water protons in tissue, thus increasing the MR image contrast and the specificity of the MRI measurements. Current clinically approved contrast agents are low molecular weight molecules that are rapidly cleared from the body. The use of dendrimers as carriers of paramagnetic chelators can play an important role in the future development of more efficient MRI contrast agents...
December 4, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058480/everyman-s-prostate-phantom-kiwi-fruit-substitute-for-human-prostates-at-magnetic-resonance-imaging-diffusion-weighted-imaging-and-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy
#8
Ullrich G Mueller-Lisse, Sophie Murer, Ulrike L Mueller-Lisse, Marissa Kuhn, Juergen Scheidler, Michael Scherr
OBJECTIVES: To apply an easy-to-assemble phantom substitute for human prostates in T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (T2WI), diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and 3D magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). METHODS: Kiwi fruit were fixed with gel hot and cold compress packs on two plastic nursery pots, separated by a plastic plate, and submerged in tap water inside a 1-L open-spout plastic watering can for T2WI (TR/TE 7500/101 ms), DWI (5500/61 ms, ADC b50-800 s/mm(2) map) and MRS (940/145 ms) at 3...
January 5, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056889/dimensionality-reduction-based-fusion-approaches-for-imaging-and-non-imaging-biomedical-data-concepts-workflow-and-use-cases
#9
Satish E Viswanath, Pallavi Tiwari, George Lee, Anant Madabhushi
BACKGROUND: With a wide array of multi-modal, multi-protocol, and multi-scale biomedical data being routinely acquired for disease characterization, there is a pressing need for quantitative tools to combine these varied channels of information. The goal of these integrated predictors is to combine these varied sources of information, while improving on the predictive ability of any individual modality. A number of application-specific data fusion methods have been previously proposed in the literature which have attempted to reconcile the differences in dimensionalities and length scales across different modalities...
January 5, 2017: BMC Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054143/a-low-cost-mr-compatible-ergometer-to-assess-post-exercise-phosphocreatine-recovery-kinetics
#10
Niels D Naimon, Jerzy Walczyk, James S Babb, Oleksandr Khegai, Xuejiao Che, Leeor Alon, Ravinder R Regatte, Ryan Brown, Prodromos Parasoglou
OBJECTIVE: To develop a low-cost pedal ergometer compatible with ultrahigh (7 T) field MR systems to reliably quantify metabolic parameters in human lower leg muscle using phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We constructed an MR compatible ergometer using commercially available materials and elastic bands that provide resistance to movement. We recruited ten healthy subjects (eight men and two women, mean age ± standard deviation: 32...
January 4, 2017: Magma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049553/validation-of-intimate-correlation-between-visceral-fat-and-hepatic-steatosis-quantitative-measurement-techniques-using-ct-for-area-of%C3%A2-fat-and-mr-for-hepatic-steatosis
#11
Moon Hyung Choi, Joon-Il Choi, Michael Yong Park, Sung Eun Rha, Soon Nam Oh, Seung Eun Jung, Jae Young Byun, Stephan Kannengiesser, Yohan Son
BACKGROUND & AIM: The relationship between obesity and hepatic steatosis is well known, and there are many methods to measure obesity and severity of hepatic steatosis. Because of advances in radiologic techniques, the areas of certain body components can be measured on computed tomography (CT) while the severity of hepatic steatosis can be measured by magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) with high accuracy. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between degree of fatty infiltration of the liver measured by MRS and body composition measured from CT images...
December 18, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048805/su-f-r-42-association-of-radiomic-and-metabolic-tumor-volumes-in-radiation-treatment-of-glioblastoma-multiforme
#12
C Lopez, N Nagornaya, N Parra, D Kwon, F Ishkanian, A Markoe, A Maudsley, R Stoyanova
PURPOSE: High-throughput extraction of imaging and metabolomic quantitative features from MRI and MR Spectroscopy Imaging (MRSI) of Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM) results in tens of variables per patient. In radiotherapy (RT) of GBM, the relevant metabolic tumor volumes (MTVs) are related to aberrant levels of N-acetyl Aspartate (NAA) and Choline (Cho). Corresponding Clinical Target Volumes (CTVs) for RT planning are based on Contrast Enhancing T1-weighted MRI (CE-T1w) and T2-weighted/Fluid Attenuated Inversion Recovery (FLAIR) MRI...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043896/marrow-adipose-tissue-composition-in-adults-with-morbid-obesity
#13
Elaine W Yu, Logan Greenblatt, Alireza Eajazi, Martin Torriani, Miriam A Bredella
Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have increased fracture risk despite normal or increased bone mineral density (BMD). Elevations in marrow adipose tissue (MAT) and declines in MAT unsaturation are both associated with increased skeletal fragility. The objective of our study was to characterize the quantity and composition of MAT in adults with morbid obesity and T2DM, and to evaluate determinants of MAT. We studied 21 adults with morbid obesity prior to bariatric surgery, 8 of whom had T2DM. All subjects underwent 1H-MR spectroscopy of the lumbar spine and femur for assessment of MAT and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and quantitative computed tomography (QCT) of the lumbar spine and hip for assessment of areal BMD (aBMD) and volumetric BMD (vBMD)...
December 30, 2016: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039592/loss-or-mislocalization-of-aquaporin-4-affects-diffusion-properties-and-intermediary-metabolism-in-gray-matter-of-mice
#14
T Pavlin, E A Nagelhus, C Brekken, E M Eyjolfsson, A Thoren, O Haraldseth, U Sonnewald, O P Ottersen, A K Håberg
The first aim of this study was to determine how complete or perivascular loss of aquaporin-4 (AQP4) water channels affects membrane permeability for water in the mouse brain grey matter in the steady state. Time-dependent diffusion magnetic resonance imaging was performed on global Aqp4 knock out (KO) and α-syntrophin (α-syn) KO mice, in the latter perivascular AQP4 are mislocalized, but still functioning. Control animals were corresponding wild type (WT) mice. By combining in vivo diffusion measurements with the effective medium theory and previously measured extra-cellular volume fractions, the effects of membrane permeability and extracellular volume fraction were uncoupled for Aqp4 and α-syn KO...
December 30, 2016: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028556/effect-of-intravenous-gadoxetate-disodium-and-flip-angle-on-hepatic-proton-density-fat-fraction-estimation-with-six-echo-gradient-recalled-echo-magnitude-based-mr-imaging-at-3t
#15
Charlie C Park, Gavin Hamilton, Ajinkya Desai, Kevin A Zand, Tanya Wolfson, Jonathan C Hooker, Eduardo Costa, Elhamy Heba, Lisa Clark, Anthony Gamst, Rohit Loomba, Michael S Middleton, Claude B Sirlin
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to determine in patients undergoing gadoxetate disodium (Gx)-enhanced MR exams whether proton density fat fraction (PDFF) estimation accuracy of magnitude-based multi-gradient-echo MRI (MRI-M) could be improved by using high flip angle (FA) on post-contrast images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-one adults with known or suspected hepatic steatosis undergoing 3T clinical Gx-enhanced liver MRI were enrolled prospectively. MR spectroscopy (MRS), the reference standard, was performed before Gx to measure MRS-PDFF...
December 28, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027769/brain-metabolite-alterations-in-eisenmenger-syndrome-evaluation-with-mr-proton-spectroscopy
#16
Dilek Şen Dokumacı, Ferit Doğan, Ali Yıldırım, Fatıma Nurefşan Boyacı, Erol Bozdoğan, Bülent Koca
OBJECTIVE: Eisenmenger syndrome (ES) is a life-threatening disease characterized by pulmonary hypertension and cyanosis in patients with congenital heart diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the brain metabolite changes in Eisenmenger syndrome compared with a control group using MR proton spectroscopy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The study included 10 children (3 male, 7 female) with congenital heart diseases and a diagnosis of Eisenmenger syndrome. The control group consisted of 10 healthy volunteer children...
January 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025469/mr-spectroscopy-in-patients-with-hereditary-diffuse-leukoencephalopathy-with-spheroids-and-asymptomatic-carriers-of-colony-stimulating-factor-1-receptor-mutation
#17
Takashi Abe, Toshitaka Kawarai, Koji Fujita, Wataru Sako, Yuka Terasawa, Tsuyoshi Matsuda, Waka Sakai, Ai Tsukamoto-Miyashiro, Naoko Matsui, Yuishin Izumi, Ryuji Kaji, Masafumi Harada
PURPOSE: Hereditary diffuse leukoencephalopathy with spheroids (HDLS) is a rare neurodegenerative disorder with various clinical presentations. Mutation of the colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF1R) gene is considered to be a cause of this autosomal dominant disorder. The purpose of this study was to report magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) findings in patients with HDLS and asymptomatic carriers and to clarify the use of MRS in this disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective, institutional review board-approved study, we included four consecutive patients, genetically diagnosed with HDLS, and two asymptomatic carriers after acquiring informed consent...
December 26, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences: MRMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018467/a-rare-case-of-dysembryoplastic-neuroepithelial-tumor-combined-with-encephalocraniocutaneous-lipomatosis-and-intractable-seizures
#18
Jee-Yeon Han, Mi-Sun Yum, Eun-Hee Kim, Seokho Hong, Tae-Sung Ko
Encephalocraniocutaneous lipomatosis (ECCL) is a rare neurocutaneous syndrome that affects ectomesodermal tissues (skin, eyes, adipose tissue, and brain). The neurologic manifestations associated with ECCL are various including seizures. However, ECCL patients very rarely develop brain tumors that originate from the neuroepithelium. This is the first described case of ECCL in combination with dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor (DNET) that presented with intractable seizures. A 7-year-old girl was admitted to our center because of ECCL and associated uncontrolled seizures...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012851/dynamic-mr-spectroscopy-of-brain-metabolism-using-a-non-conventional-spectral-averaging-scheme
#19
Abdul Nashirudeen Mumuni, John McLean
PURPOSE: MRS acquisition based on the blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) contrast mechanism was implemented at 3T to investigate the impact of a non-conventional spectral averaging scheme (determined by the number of RF excitations, NEX) on the dynamics of cerebral metabolism during neuroactivation. Using NEX=2, water and metabolite BOLD responses were compared to previous results from standard experiments. METHODS: Spectra were recorded from the visual cortex of five healthy volunteers during single and block visual stimulations...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008911/geometrical-vortex-lattice-pinning-and-melting-in-ybacuo-submicron-bridges
#20
G P Papari, A Glatz, F Carillo, D Stornaiuolo, D Massarotti, V Rouco, L Longobardi, F Beltram, V M Vinokur, F Tafuri
Since the discovery of high-temperature superconductors (HTSs), most efforts of researchers have been focused on the fabrication of superconducting devices capable of immobilizing vortices, hence of operating at enhanced temperatures and magnetic fields. Recent findings that geometric restrictions may induce self-arresting hypervortices recovering the dissipation-free state at high fields and temperatures made superconducting strips a mainstream of superconductivity studies. Here we report on the geometrical melting of the vortex lattice in a wide YBCO submicron bridge preceded by magnetoresistance (MR) oscillations fingerprinting the underlying regular vortex structure...
December 23, 2016: Scientific Reports
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