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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778089/implications-for-faculty-development-for-emerging-clinical-teachers-at-distributed-sites-a-qualitative-interpretivist-study
#1
Julia Blitz, Marietjie De Villiers, Susan Van Schalkwyk
INTRODUCTION: Medical faculties have the responsibility to graduate competent health professionals and a consequent obligation to assure the quality and effectiveness of their students' clinical teaching. Many institutions are responding to rural workforce needs by extending clinical training from the traditional academic teaching hospital to include rural and remote sites distributed away from the central training institution. It is incumbent upon medical schools to consider how this might impact on the faculty development of these clinicians as teachers...
May 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034696/development-of-the-supported-employment-comprehensive-cognitive-enhancement-and-social-skills-program-for-adults-on-the-autism-spectrum-results-of-initial-study
#2
Mary J Baker-Ericzén, Meghan A Fitch, Mikaela Kinnear, Melissa M Jenkins, Elizabeth W Twamley, Linda Smith, Gabriel Montano, Joshua Feder, Pamela J Crooke, Michelle G Winner, Juan Leon
The population of adults on the autism spectrum continues to increase, and vocational outcomes are particularly poor. Longitudinal studies of adults with autism spectrum and without intellectual disability have shown consistent and persistent deficits across cognitive, social, and vocational domains, indicating a need for effective treatments of functional disabilities as each impact employment. This initial pilot study is an open trial investigation of the feasibility, acceptability, and initial estimates of outcomes for the newly developed Supported Employment, Comprehensive Cognitive Enhancement, and Social Skills intervention, a manualized "soft skills" curriculum, to enhance both cognitive and social development in adults with autism spectrum...
January 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991843/beyond-dr-feel-good-a-role-for-the-humanities-in-medical-education
#3
Arno K Kumagai
Although educators embrace the values that are nominally included in the idea of "the art and science of medicine," the arts and humanities have remained at the edges of medical education. One reason for this exile is the overwhelming emphasis in the curriculum on biomedical science over the social sciences and humanities. Other causes are self-inflicted-a frequent lack of theoretical rigor in the design of educational offerings and, more important, no clear answer to the question of how the humanities can make better physicians...
December 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876444/innovative-use-of-service-learning-to-enhance-baccalaureate-nursing-education
#4
Wanda Taylor, Rosanne Pruitt, Tracy Fasolino
BACKGROUND: Service-learning is an established pedagogical approach to nursing education found primarily in community nursing. With changing health care landscapes, the expansion of service-learning projects throughout the nursing program provides opportunities to enrich assessment and critical thinking and amplify exposure to determinants of health. METHOD: Implementing service-learning in foundational nursing courses allows students to be challenged with the application of complex care management within a context of caring, cultural competence, social responsibility, and self-care initiatives...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792996/-the-legacy-of-cabanis-a-hypothesis-on-the-roots-of-medical-education-in-brazil
#5
Naomar Almeida-Filho
Georges Cabanis was a reformer of clinical practice and medical education who laid the conceptual foundations during the French Revolution for the development of education in France over the course of the 19th century. The model, in turn, marked the organization of educational systems in many Latin American countries. The objective of this article is to present and justify a hypothesis: the model of medical education still hegemonic in Brazil is still based upon the Cabanisian reform, holding a linear and Cartesian conceptual perspective, with a discipline-based curriculum, traditional teaching formats, and submission to corporate professional logic...
August 7, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631234/quality-matters-implementation-moderates-student-outcomes-in-the-paths-curriculum
#6
Neil Humphrey, Alexandra Barlow, Ann Lendrum
Analyses of the relationship between levels of implementation and outcomes of school-based social and emotional learning (SEL) interventions are relatively infrequent and are typically narrowly focused. Thus, our objective was to assess the relationship between variability in a range of implementation dimensions and intervention outcomes in the Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies (PATHS) curriculum. Implementation of PATHS was examined in 69 classrooms across 23 schools in the first year of a major randomized controlled trial...
February 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289294/active-learning-strategies-for-legal-topics-and-substance-abuse-in-a-pharmacy-curriculum
#7
Sarah J Steinhardt, John E Clark, William N Kelly, Angela M Hill
Objective. To implement active-learning strategies to engage students in learning, applying, and teaching legal and substance abuse topics. Design. Medication Safety course student groups created films on a National Patient Safety Goal (NPSG) using a movie genre and presented them in film festival format. Pharmacogenomics course student groups taught ethical, legal, and social implications (ELSI) topics through presentation of short stories about comic book characters with genetic mutations. Students in the Drugs of Abuse course composed and performed dances depicting the mechanism of action of a drug in an in-class rave dance format...
February 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285042/learning-to-argue-via-apprenticeship
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Lia Papathomas, Deanna Kuhn
We examined apprenticeship, in the form of interaction with a more capable other, as a mechanism of development of higher-order reasoning skills, specifically argumentation. Over a 1-year period, middle school students engaged in twice-weekly electronic dialogs with a sequence of different peers on a series of social issues. In one group, unbeknownst to participants, a highly capable adult substituted for peers in half of their dialogs. Beginning immediately, increasing with time, and extending to peer-only dialogs on a new topic, the quality of argumentation shown by the experimental group exceeded that of a comparison peer-only group, highlighting the power of apprenticeship as a mechanism in the development of reasoning, a demonstration of both theoretical and applied significance...
July 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027035/justice-and-u-s-occupational-therapy-practice-a-relationship-100-years-in-the-making
#9
Rebecca M Aldrich, Tessa L Boston, Claire E Daaleman
At 99 years old, occupational therapy is a global health care profession with a growing orientation toward justice. Because much of the occupational justice discourse has developed outside the United States, parallels between the profession's ethos and its current focus on justice must be examined more closely in this country. Although occupational therapy practitioners in the United States are better equipped than their predecessors with language and theories that explicitly emphasize justice, the potential for bringing that focus to bear depends on practitioners' willingness to think differently about their practices...
January 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893903/to-blog-or-not-to-blog-what-do-nursing-faculty-think
#10
Krista Jones, Mary Kate Garrity, Kathryn J VanderZwan, Iris Epstein, Arlene Burla de la Rocha
BACKGROUND: Nurse educators find themselves tasked with developing content that both is aesthetically appealing and engages today's technological learners while empowering them to apply their knowledge in clinical and classroom settings. Students engaging with social networking systems reported increased satisfaction with collaborative peer-to-peer learning experiences, socialization, self-reflection, peer critique, problem-solving skills, collation of evidence-based resources, and instructor performance...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586071/a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-promoting-alternative-thinking-strategies-paths-curriculum
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Neil Humphrey, Alexandra Barlow, Michael Wigelsworth, Ann Lendrum, Kirsty Pert, Craig Joyce, Emma Stephens, Lawrence Wo, Garry Squires, Kevin Woods, Rachel Calam, Alex Turner
This randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluated the efficacy of the Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies curriculum (PATHS; Kusche & Greenberg, 1994) as a means to improve children's social-emotional competence (assessed via the Social Skills Improvement System (SSIS); Gresham & Elliot, 2008) and mental health outcomes (assessed via the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ); Goodman, 1997). Forty-five schools in Greater Manchester, England, were randomly assigned to treatment and control groups...
October 2016: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462696/comparative-evaluation-of-perceptions-of-dental-students-to-three-methods-of-teaching-in-ile-ife-nigeria
#12
T A Esan, E O Oziegbe
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization in 1994 recommended that dental education should be problem based, socially and culturally relevant, and community oriented. OBJECTIVES: To explore the perceptions of Pre-phase II (pre-clinical II) dental students on three methods of teaching used during two academic sessions. METHODS: All part IV dental students in two consecutive sessions undergoing pre phase II course in the Faculty of Dentistry, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife were recruited into the study...
December 2015: African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27253377/particle-physics-in-high-school-a-diagnose-study
#13
Paula Tuzón, Jordi Solbes
The science learning process improves when the contents are connected to students' lives. Particle physics has had a great impact in our society in the last years and has changed the theoretical picture about matter fundamental dynamics. Thus, we think that academic contents about matter components and interactions should be updated. With this study we aim to characterize the level of knowledge of high school students about this topic. We built a test with questions about classical atomic models, particle physics, recent discoveries, social implications and students opinions about it...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27206293/applying-the-chronic-care-model-to-support-ostomy-self-management-implications-for-oncology-nursing-practice
#14
Elizabeth Ercolano, Marcia Grant, Ruth McCorkle, Nancy J Tallman, Martha D Cobb, Christopher Wendel, Robert Krouse
BACKGROUND: Living with an ostomy requires daily site and equipment care, lifestyle changes, emotional management, and social role adjustments. The Chronic Care Ostomy Self-Management Training Program (CCOSMTP) offers an ostomy self-management curriculum, emphasizing problem solving, self-efficacy, cognitive reframing, and goal setting. OBJECTIVES: The qualitative method of content analysis was employed to categorize self-reported goals of ostomates identified during a nurse-led feasibility trial testing the CCOSMTP...
June 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27182089/integrated-models-of-school-based-prevention-logic-and-theory
#15
Celene E Domitrovich, Catherine P Bradshaw, Mark T Greenberg, Dennis Embry, Jeanne M Poduska, Nicholas S Ialongo
School-based prevention programs can positively impact a range of social, emotional, and behavioral outcomes. Yet the current climate of accountability pressures schools to restrict activities that are not perceived as part of the core curriculum. Building on models from public health and prevention science, we describe an integrated approach to school-based prevention. These models leverage the most effective structural and content components of social-emotional and behavioral health prevention interventions...
January 2010: Psychology in the Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27037455/conversation-salons-a-flexible-format-for-open-discourse-in-dental-education
#16
Karin K Quick
A series of conversation salons was created at the University of Minnesota School of Dentistry as an innovative format with the objective of engaging students, faculty, staff, and practitioners in discussion to promote reflection. The aim of this study was to explore the nature of students' abilities in the salons to connect experiences through reflection and apply what they learned to practice. Reflective essays (written during the summer and fall semesters of 2014) from 108 fourth-year dental students (all members of the Class of 2015) were read and assessed for the nature of reflection, number of connections, references to the past, applications to the future, and use of examples...
April 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26973829/the-educated-citizen-and-global-public-health-issues-one-model-for-integration-into-the-undergraduate-curriculum
#17
REVIEW
Rosemary M Caron
The Educated Citizen Initiative proposes that an understanding of public-health issues is a core component of an educated citizenry and is essential to develop one's societal responsibility. This initiative supports the Institute of Medicine's recommendation that "all undergraduates should have access to education in public health." Furthermore, the Liberal Education and America's Promise (LEAP) framework developed by the Association of American Colleges and Universities supports the "integration of public-health education into general and liberal education with an aim to produce an educated citizenry...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26923199/paths-in-croatia-a-school-based-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-social-and-emotional-learning-curriculum
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Miranda Novak, Josipa Mihić, Josipa Bašić, Robert L Nix
This study represents the first rigorous evaluation of a social-emotional learning curriculum, PATHS (Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies; Kusché & Greenberg, 1994), in elementary schools in Croatia. This study randomly assigned 29 schools to receive the universal preventive intervention or continue with usual practices. Within those schools, this study included 57 classrooms and 568 children. Teachers rated nine child behaviours in the middle of first grade (pre-intervention) and near the end of second grade (post-intervention)...
April 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26861572/introducing-twitter-as-an-assessed-component-of-the-undergraduate-nursing-curriculum-case-study
#19
Ray Jones, Janet Kelsey, Pam Nelmes, Nick Chinn, Teresa Chinn, Tracey Proctor-Childs
AIMS: To ask: (i) is it feasible to include Twitter as an assessed element of the first-year nursing curriculum; (ii) how should it be introduced and assessed; and (iii) do students think it worthwhile and learn anything from its use? BACKGROUND: Nursing students need to use social media professionally, avoiding pitfalls but using learning opportunities. DESIGN: This case study (2014-2015) comprised: (i) pilot introduction of Digital Professionalism (including Twitter) with second- and third-year students; (ii) introduction and assessment with a first cohort of 450 first-year students...
July 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26786036/the-pedagogical-challenges-of-teaching-high-school-bioethics-insights-from-the-exploring-bioethics-curriculum
#20
Mildred Z Solomon, David Vannier, Jeanne Ting Chowning, Jacqueline S Miller, Katherine F Paget
A belief that high school students have the cognitive ability to analyze and assess moral choices and should be encouraged to do so but have rarely been helped to do so was the motivation for developing Exploring Bioethics, a six-module curriculum and teacher guide for grades nine through twelve on ethical issues in the life sciences. A multidisciplinary team of bioethicists, science educators, curriculum designers, scientists, and high school biology teachers worked together on the curriculum under a contract between the National Institutes of Health and Education Development Center, a nonprofit research and development organization with a long history of innovation in science education...
January 2016: Hastings Center Report
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