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Slip capital femoral epiphysis

Ryuji Tanaka, Yuji Yasunaga, Jiro Fujii, Takuma Yamasaki, Takeshi Shoji, Nobuo Adachi
BACKGROUND: Joint-preserving procedures should be considered as much as possible for hip disorders in pediatric and young patients. However, in patients with extensive osteonecrosis (ON) of the femoral head combined with severe collapse and advanced secondary osteoarthritis (OA), the optimal procedure has not been elucidated. This retrospective study aimed to investigate the postoperative outcomes of 11 patients who underwent transtrochanteric rotational osteotomy (TRO) alone or with a combination treatment for various hip disorders in young patients and to evaluate the usefulness of TRO...
December 13, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Till D Lerch, Eduardo N Novais, Florian Schmaranzer, Kai Ziebarth, Simon D Steppacher, Moritz Tannast, Klaus A Siebenrock
BACKGROUND: Prophylactic pinning of the asymptomatic and normal-appearing contralateral hip in patients with unilateral slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) remains controversial. Understanding the minimal 10-year clinical, functional, and radiographic outcomes of the contralateral asymptomatic hip in unilateral SCFE may be helpful in the decision regarding whether the benefits associated with potentially preventing a SCFE are outweighed by the risk of additional surgery. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: Among patients with SCFE treated with prophylactic pinning of the asymptomatic and contralateral hip, we sought (1) to determine the complications and reoperations; (2) to evaluate the development of cam deformities and the frequency and severity of osteoarthritis progression; and (3) to characterize hip pain and function as measured by the Harris hip score (HHS) and the Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS) at minimal 10-year followup...
December 13, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Balasubramanian Balakumar, Sanjeev Madan
BACKGROUND: Management of avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head in slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is difficult. We proposed to ascertain if staged hip distraction could prevent collapse and recover the femoral head. METHODS: A retrospective review of the hip database retrieved 16 children with unstable SCFE and AVN. All underwent capital realignment by surgical dislocation followed by 2nd-stage hinged hip distraction. Patient demographics and radiographic parameters of deformity, AVN and arthritis were collected...
November 20, 2018: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Mason Uvodich, Richard Schwend, Ognjen Stevanovic, Will Wurster, Julia Leamon, Alec Hermanson
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively characterize pain locations in slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) and evaluate pain locations as predictors of a delay in diagnosis. STUDY DESIGN: This was an institutional review board approved prospective study of 110 children who underwent surgery for SCFE at a tertiary children's hospital between 2009 and 2015. Standardized pain diagrams were completed by 107 children. Pain zones were designated via a composite diagram. Hips without hip pain were categorized as atypical; hips with hip pain were typical...
November 16, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Kirit Singh, Avinash Kumar Kanodia, Peter Ross, Antonia Torgersen, Jamie Maclean, Graham Leese, Kismet Hossain-Ibrahim
An 18-year-old man who underwent bilateral pinning of his hip joints after a left unstable Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (right pinned prophylactically) was noted to have delayed secondary sexual characteristics and post-operative diabetes insipidus. The patient also described a history of fatigue, headache and polydipsia for the past 4 years. Endocrine investigations revealed reduced androgen levels, hypocortisolism, a borderline normal Serum ACE and secondary hypothyroidism. Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the pituitary gland identified an enhancing mass and a thickened stalk which trans-nasal endoscopic biopsy found to be necrotic with pus...
November 19, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
David R Maldonado, Itay Perets, Brian H Mu, Victor Ortiz-Declet, Austin W Chen, Ajay C Lall, Benjamin G Domb
BACKGROUND: Hip arthroscopy for the treatment of instability in the setting of borderline dysplasia is controversial. Capsular management in such cases is an important consideration, and plication has been described as a reliable technique, with good midterm outcomes reported when indications are appropriate. HYPOTHESIS: Patients with borderline dysplasia who have a lower lateral center-edge angle (LCEA) and greater age will be at a higher risk of failure after arthroscopic capsular plication...
December 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
A C C Angélico, L M Garcia, T R Icuma, C F Herrero, D A Maranho
AIMS: The aims of this study were to evaluate the abductor function in moderate and severe slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE), comparing the results of a corrective osteotomy at the base of the femoral neck and osteoplasty with 1) in situ epiphysiodesis for mild SCFE, 2) contralateral unaffected hips, and 3) hips from healthy individuals. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 24 patients (mean age 14.9 years (sd 1.6); 17 male and seven female patients) with moderate or severe SCFE (28 hips) underwent base of neck osteotomy and osteoplasty between 2012 and 2015...
November 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
Vidyadhar V Upasani, Raghav Badrinath, Christine L Farnsworth, Megan E Jeffords, Jericho A Hallare, Syed I Ahmed, Tim Schrader
BACKGROUND: Increased intracapsular hip pressure is thought to be one of the possible etiologies of femoral head avascular necrosis after intra-articular proximal femoral fractures or acute slipped capital femoral epiphysis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between intra-articular hip pressure (IAP) and epiphyseal perfusion pressure (EPP), and its dependency on skeletal maturity using a porcine model. METHODS: Seven female Yorkshire-hybrid pigs were used to study the direct relationship between IAP and EPP...
October 29, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Daniel C Perry, David Metcalfe, Steven Lane, Steven Turner
: media-1vid110.1542/5828355774001PEDS-VA_2018-1067 Video Abstract BACKGROUND: Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is believed to be associated with childhood obesity, although the strength of the association is unknown. METHODS: We performed a cohort study using routine data from health screening examinations at primary school entry (5-6 years old) in Scotland, linked to a nationwide hospital admissions database. A subgroup had a further screening examination at primary school exit (11-12 years old)...
November 2018: Pediatrics
J Balch Samora, B Adler, S Druhan, S A Brown, J Erickson, W P Samora, K E Klingele
Purpose: Early diagnosis and treatment of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is important to prevent slip progression and avoid complications. We sought to determine if MRI findings in patients with unilateral SCFE could indicate 'pre-slip' or predict future SCFE in the contralateral hip. Methods: A prospective study evaluated patients with unilateral SCFE over a two-year period. MRI of the asymptomatic hip was performed within the perioperative period. Patients were followed with radiographs until a contralateral slip occurred or until physeal closure...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
D A Maranho, A Davila-Parrilla, P E Miller, Y-J Kim, E N Novais, M B Millis
Purpose: To investigate changes in acetabular morphology during the follow-up of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) and search for factors associated with acetabular dysplasia at skeletal maturity. Methods: We evaluated 108 patients with unilateral SCFE (mean age at slip, 12.3 years sd 1.7) to skeletal maturity, with a minimum follow-up of two years (median 4.5 years; interquartile range 3.2 to 6.2). Acetabular parameters obtained from initial and most recent radiographs included the lateral centre-edge angle (LCEA), Tönnis angle (TA) and acetabular depth-width ratio (ADR)...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
B Herngren, M Stenmarker, K Enskär, G Hägglund
Purpose: To evaluate outcomes three years after treatment for slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE): development of avascular necrosis (AVN), subsequent surgery, hip function and the contralateral hip. Methods: This prospective cohort study included a total national population of 379 children treated for SCFE between 2007 and 2013. A total of 449 hips treated for SCFE and 151 hips treated with a prophylactic fixation were identified. The Barnhöft questionnaire, a valid patient-reported outcome measure (PROM), was used...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
I M Gutman, S R Gilbert
Purpose: Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is an adolescent hip condition with a high risk of complication. The purpose of this study was to evaluate trends in treatment using a prospectively collected paediatric nationally representative database. Methods: A total of 9034 patients undergoing treatment for idiopathic SCFE were selected by querying the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project's Kids' Inpatient Database for the years 1997, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2009 and 2012...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
Graham T Fedorak, Amy K Brough, Robin H Miyamoto, Ellen M Raney
The Maori of New Zealand have been identified as a high-risk population for slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE). This study assessed whether the burden of disease from SCFE in the American Territory of American Samoa is similar to that identified in the Maori. This was a retrospective review of children from American Samoa treated for SCFE at a tertiary care pediatric hospital between 2005-2014. Demographic, clinical, and radiographic information was collected. All patients were followed for at least one year after surgery and prophylactically pinned hips were not included...
September 2018: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
Robert Ravinsky, James Rofaiel, Benjamin G Escott, Zachary Lim, Bheeshma Ravi, Andrew Howard
BACKGROUND: Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is a well-characterized disorder of the hip seen in adolescent patients. It is characterized by deformity secondary to failure through the proximal femoral growth plate, which results in posterior-inferior displacement of the epiphysis on the proximal femoral metaphysis. Long-term sequelae of SCFE may include osteonecrosis, residual deformity, leg length discrepancy, degenerative joint disease, and chronic pain. The long-term consequences of SCFE may be the source of significant morbidity for the patient, and depending of the local incidence of this condition, may represent a significant expenditure of health care resources...
September 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Alexa J Karkenny, Brandon M Tauberg, Norman Y Otsuka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Pediatrics in Review
Balasubramanian Balakumar, Elinor Flatt, Sanjeev Madan
AIM: We intend to compare the outcomes of arthroscopic osteoplasty with open neck osteotomy for correction of the hip impingement and improvement of hip function in children with moderate to severe healed Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis (SCFE). Our aim is to verify if arthroscopic osteoplasty could achieve the same outcome as open procedures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the hospital hip database retrieved 187 cases of SCFE from 2006 to 2013...
August 22, 2018: International Orthopaedics
Moez Chargui, Amira Dhouib, Fabiana Esposito, Vasiliki Spyropoulou, Christina Steiger, Romain Dayer, Dimitri Ceroni
CASE: We report the case of an 11-year-old girl who developed osteonecrosis of the femoral head in the radiographically normal, asymptomatic left hip that had been fixed prophylactically in the context of a slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) that had been detected on the contralateral hip. The etiology of the osteonecrosis remains unknown. CONCLUSION: This case report demonstrates that prophylactic fixation of a radiographically normal, asymptomatic hip in the context of an SCFE on the contralateral side has the potential for substantial complications...
July 2018: JBJS Case Connector
Afshin Taheriazam, Amin Saeidinia
Total hip arthroplasty is one of the best treatments for restoring function and activity in young patients with advanced joint diseases. One-Stage Bilateral Total Hip Arthroplasty (BTHA) offers many advantages, which are important to younger patients and diminished costs and time in comparison with sequential THA. There is currently much concern about the safety of this procedure. The current study was designed to provide more information regarding THA in patients aged 30 years old or younger. Between April 2010 and September 2015, arthroplasty procedures were performed on 180 patients at the surgical centers of Erfan and Milad, Tehran, Iran...
June 14, 2018: Orthopedic Reviews
Panayiotis D Megaloikonomos, Andreas F Mavrogenis, Georgios N Panagopoulos, Vasilios G Igoumenou, Giannis Giakas, Christos Zampakides, Dimitrios Pasparakis
PURPOSE: To compare longitudinal growth and cam deformity of the proximal femur after treatment for slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) with one screw versus two smooth pins. METHODS: We studied 43 patients (29 males, 14 females; mean age, 12.1 years; range, 9.5-14 years) with idiopathic unilateral SCFE treated with in situ fixation with one cannulated screw (group A, n = 23) or two smooth pins (group B, n = 20). Anteroposterior and frog-leg radiographs of the pelvis were evaluated for each patient at initial presentation, post-operatively and at physeal closure...
July 23, 2018: International Orthopaedics
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