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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734254/childhood-polybrominated-diphenyl-ether-pbde-exposure-and-neurobehavior-in-children-at-8-years
#1
Ann M Vuong, Kimberly Yolton, Changchun Xie, Glenys M Webster, Andreas Sjödin, Joseph M Braun, Kim N Dietrich, Bruce P Lanphear, Aimin Chen
BACKGROUND: Prenatal polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) exposure has been associated with decrements in IQ and increased attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder related behaviors in children; however, data are limited for the role of postnatal exposures. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the association between a series of childhood PBDE concentrations and Full-Scale Intelligence Quotient (FSIQ) and externalizing problems at 8 years. METHODS: We used data from 208 children in the Health Outcomes and Measures of the Environment (HOME) Study, a prospective pregnancy and birth cohort...
July 19, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727596/intraoperative-acute-multivessel-coronary-vasospasm-in-cardiac-allograft-a-case-report
#2
Richard Sheu, Kathleen Berfield, Stephanie Jones, Jay Pal, G Burkhard Mackensen
We present a patient who developed acute intraoperative cardiac failure requiring open cardiac message immediately after uncomplicated heart transplantation. After successful resuscitation and establishment of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, coronary angiography showed diffuse multivessel coronary vasospasm, which responded to intracoronary and IV administration of vasodilators. Cardiac function gradually improved and the patient was discharged home after a prolonged hospital course. Cardiac allograft dysfunction associated with coronary vasospasm immediately after heart transplantation has not previously been reported...
July 19, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721185/the-smooth-and-bumpy-road-of-trastuzumab-administration-from-intravenous-iv-in-a-hospital-to-subcutaneous-sc-at-home
#3
Waa Tjalma, M T Huizing, K Papadimitriou
Trastuzumab has become standard of care in the treatment of early and metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer. Initially trastuzumab could only be administered intravenously (IV), however since a few years there is also a subcutaneous (SC) formulation. The efficacy and the safety profile of both formulations is the comparable. The administration logistics however have an impact on the patients, the health care professionals (HCPs), the hospital and the government. The preference for the patients (89%) and the HCPs (77%) is in favour of the SC formulation...
March 2017: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720558/my-team-of-care-study-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-web-based-communication-tool-for-collaborative-care-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#4
Teja Voruganti, Eva Grunfeld, Trevor Jamieson, Allison M Kurahashi, Bhadra Lokuge, Monika K Krzyzanowska, Muhammad Mamdani, Rahim Moineddin, Amna Husain
BACKGROUND: The management of patients with complex care needs requires the expertise of health care providers from multiple settings and specialties. As such, there is a need for cross-setting, cross-disciplinary solutions that address deficits in communication and continuity of care. We have developed a Web-based tool for clinical collaboration, called Loop, which assembles the patient and care team in a virtual space for the purpose of facilitating communication around care management...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717653/individual-social-and-environmental-correlates-of-active-transportation-patterns-in-french-women
#5
Camille Perchoux, Christophe Enaux, Jean-Michel Oppert, Mehdi Menai, Hélène Charreire, Paul Salze, Christiane Weber, Serge Hercberg, Thierry Feuillet, Franck Hess, Célina Roda, Chantal Simon, Julie-Anne Nazare
The objectives were (1) to define physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviors (SB) patterns in daily life contexts (work, leisure, and transportation) in French working women from NutriNet-Santé web-cohort and (2) to identify pattern(s) of active transportation and their individual, social, and environmental correlates. 23,432 participants completed two questionnaires to evaluate PA and SB in daily life contexts and individual representations of residential neighborhood and transportation modes. Hierarchical cluster analysis was performed which identified 6 distinct movement behavior patterns: (i) active occupation, high sedentary leisure, (ii) sedentary occupation, low leisure, (iii) sedentary transportation, (iv) sedentary occupation and leisure, (v) active transportation, and (vi) active leisure...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715655/macrophage-exosomes-as-natural-nanocarriers-for-protein-delivery-to-inflamed-brain
#6
Dongfen Yuan, Yuling Zhao, William A Banks, Kristin M Bullock, Matthew Haney, Elena Batrakova, Alexander V Kabanov
Recent work has stimulated interest in the use of exosomes as nanocarriers for delivery of small drugs, RNAs, and proteins to the central nervous system (CNS). To overcome the blood-brain barrier (BBB), exosomes were modified with brain homing peptides that target brain endothelium but likely to increase immune response. Here for the first time we demonstrate that there is no need for such modification to penetrate the BBB in mammals. The naïve macrophage (Mϕ) exosomes can utilize, 1) on the one hand, the integrin lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1 (LFA-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), and, 2) on the other hand, the carbohydrate-binding C-type lectin receptors, to interact with brain microvessel endothelial cells comprising the BBB...
July 10, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713449/understanding-racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-arrest-the-role-of-individual-home-school-and-community-characteristics
#7
Lauren Nichol Gase, Beth A Glenn, Louis M Gomez, Tony Kuo, Moira Inkelas, Ninez A Ponce
Contact with the justice system can lead to a range of poor health and social outcomes. While persons of color are disproportionately represented in both the juvenile and criminal justice systems, reasons for these patters remain unclear. This study sought to examine the extent and sources of differences in arrests during adolescence and young adulthood among blacks, whites, and Hispanics in the USA. Multilevel cross-sectional logistic regression analyses were conducted using data from waves I and IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (n = 12,752 respondents)...
December 2016: Race and Social Problems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705196/better-palliative-care-for-people-with-a-dementia-summary-of-interdisciplinary-workshop-highlighting-current-gaps-and-recommendations-for-future-research
#8
Siobhán Fox, Carol FitzGerald, Karen Harrison Dening, Kate Irving, W George Kernohan, Adrian Treloar, David Oliver, Suzanne Guerin, Suzanne Timmons
BACKGROUND: Dementia is the most common neurological disorder worldwide and is a life-limiting condition, but very often is not recognised as such. People with dementia, and their carers, have been shown to have palliative care needs equal in extent to those of cancer patients. However, many people with advanced dementia are not routinely being assessed to determine their palliative care needs, and it is not clear why this is so. MAIN BODY: An interdisciplinary workshop on "Palliative Care in Neurodegeneration, with a focus on Dementia", was held in Cork, Ireland, in May 2016...
July 14, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702361/home-infusion-program-with-enzyme-replacement-therapy-for-fabry-disease-the-experience-of-a-large-italian-collaborative-group
#9
D Concolino, L Amico, M D Cappellini, E Cassinerio, M Conti, M A Donati, F Falvo, A Fiumara, M Maccarone, R Manna, A Matucci, M B Musumeci, A Nicoletti, R Nisticò, F Papadia, R Parini, D Peluso, L Pensabene, A Pisani, G Pistone, M Rigoldi, I Romani, M Tenuta, G Torti, M Veroux, E Zachara
Fabry disease (FD) [OMIM 301500] is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by a deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme alpha-galactosidase A, resulting in progressive multisystem accumulation of globotriaosylceramide (Gb3). Although the introduction of Enzyme Replacement Therapy (ERT) resulted in a variety of clinical benefits, life-long intravenous (IV) treatment with ERT with an every other week schedule, may interfere with daily life activities and impact on QoL. We report here a multicentric, observational, longitudinal data analysis on a large cohort of 85 Italian FD patients (45 males, 40 females) from 11 out of 20 Italian regions, who received a cumulative number of 4269 home infusions of agalsidase alfa...
September 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692578/turning-1-year-of-age-in-a-low-socioeconomic-environment-a-portrait-of-disadvantage
#10
Hallam Hurt, Laura M Betancourt
In the United States today, 16 million children are growing up poor. Few studies report multiple environmental factors associated with poverty during the first year of life and effects on infant development. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate maternal, home, and neighborhood environment of low and higher socioeconomic status (SES) infants from birth to 1 year and to evaluate the impact of SES and environment on infant developmental outcome at 1 year. METHODS: Low (n = 30) and higher SES (n = 30) African-American mothers and their healthy term gestation female infants were prospectively compared for environmental characteristics and infant developmental outcome...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689185/patients-experiences-of-person-centred-integrated-heart-failure-care-and-palliative-care-at-home-an-interview-study
#11
Naghada Talabani, Karin Hellström Ängerud, Kurt Boman, Margareta Brännström
OBJECTIVES: Patients with severe heart failure (HF) suffer from a high symptom burden and high mortality. European and Swedish guidelines for HF care recommend palliative care for these patients. Different models for integrated palliative care and HF care have been described in the literature. No studies were found that qualitatively evaluated these models. The purpose of this study is to describe patients' experiences of a new model of person-centred integrated HF and palliative care at home...
July 7, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688963/continuous-interscalene-brachial-plexus-blockade-is-associated-with-reduced-length-of-stay-after-shoulder-arthroplasty
#12
Peter N Chalmers, Dane Salazar, Mitchell E Fingerman, Jay D Keener, Aaron Chamberlain
BACKGROUND: Catheter-delivered continuous interscaleneanesthesia has demonstrated improved pain control in randomized clinical trials.The purpose of this study is to determine whether the introduction of continuous catheteranesthesia was associated with a change in length of stay (LOS), readmission, rates of discharge home without home health or nursing services, or opioid administration. We hypothesized that the introduction of continuous catheter anesthesia would be associated with a decrease in LOS, readmission, non-home discharge, and opioid administration...
July 5, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687075/seasonal-influenza-vaccination-coverage-and-its-determinants-among-nursing-homes-personnel-in-western-france
#13
Christelle Elias, Anna Fournier, Anca Vasiliu, Nicolas Beix, Rémi Demillac, Hélène Tillaut, Yvonnick Guillois, Serge Eyebe, Bastien Mollo, Pascal Crépey
BACKGROUND: Influenza-associated deaths is an important risk for the elderly in nursing homes (NHs) worldwide. Vaccination coverage among residents is high but poorly effective due to immunosenescence. Hence, vaccination of personnel is an efficient way to protect residents. Our objective was to quantify the seasonal influenza vaccination (IV) coverage among NH for elderly workers and identify its determinants in France. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in March 2016 in a randomized sample of NHs of the Ille-et-Vilaine department of Brittany, in western France...
July 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684806/career-satisfaction-and-work-life-balance-of-specialist-orthodontists-within-the-uk-roi
#14
S M Al-Junaid, S J Hodges, A Petrie, S J Cunningham
Objectives To investigate factors affecting career satisfaction and work-life balance in specialist orthodontists in the UK/ROI.Design and setting Prospective questionnaire-based study.Subjects and methods The questionnaire was sent to specialist orthodontists who were members of the British Orthodontic Society.Results Orthodontists reported high levels of career satisfaction (median score 90/100). Career satisfaction was significantly higher in those who exhibited: i) satisfaction with working hours; ii) satisfaction with the level of control over their working day; iii) ability to manage unexpected home events; and iv) confidence in how readily they managed patient expectations...
July 7, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684129/chemokine-isoforms-and-processing-in-inflammation-and-immunity
#15
REVIEW
Paul Proost, Sofie Struyf, Jo Van Damme, Pierre Fiten, Estefania Ugarte-Berzal, Ghislain Opdenakker
The first dimension of chemokine heterogeneity is reflected by their discovery and purification as natural proteins. Each of those chemokines attracted a specific inflammatory leukocyte type. With the introduction of genomic technologies, a second wave of chemokine heterogeneity was established by the discovery of putative chemokine-like sequences and by demonstrating chemotactic activity of the gene products in physiological leukocyte homing. In the postgenomic era, the third dimension of chemokine heterogeneity is the description of posttranslational modifications on most chemokines...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675920/the-meaning-of-home-for-ageing-women-living-alone-an%C3%A2-evolutionary-concept-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Arro Barry, Roberta Heale, Roger Pilon, Anne Marise Lavoie
The concept of home to women ageing should be visited in the light of ongoing cultural, political, temporal and disciplinary evolutions. In part, to compliment policies increasing focus on supporting older adults to age in place and a growing attention on the home as a place where healthcare is designed and provided. The following concept analysis utilises Rodgers' evolutionary method to inductively analyse literature in order to elicit the meaning and experience of home among older women who are ageing at home...
July 4, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668859/inflammatory-and-nutritional-serum-markers-as-predictors-of-peri-operative-morbidity-and-survival-in-ovarian-cancer
#17
Amanika Kumar, Michelle L Torres, William A Cliby, Kimberly R Kalli, Giorgio Bogani, Giovanni Aletti, Caroline C Nitschmann, Francesco Multinu, Amy L Weaver, Matthew S Block, Andrea Mariani
AIM: To identify preoperative nutritional and inflammatory markers that predict perioperative outcomes in patients with ovarian cancer (OC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty patients who underwent primary debulking for advanced (stage III/IV) OC were selected from a cohort of patients who underwent surgery between 2002 and 2009. We analyzed C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL6) and albumin and their impact on mortality and surgical outcomes. RESULTS: Two patients were excluded since they did not have adequate measurements of CRP and IL6...
July 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659427/effects-of-increasing-iv-tpa-treated-stroke-mimic-rates-at-ct-based-centers-on-clinical-outcomes
#18
Tina M Burton, Marie Luby, Zurab Nadareishvili, Richard T Benson, John K Lynch, Lawrence L Latour, Amie W Hsia
OBJECTIVE: To determine to what degree stroke mimics skew clinical outcomes and the potential effects of incorrect stroke diagnosis. METHODS: This retrospective analysis of data from 2005 to 2014 included IV tissue plasminogen activator (tPA)-treated adults with clinical suspicion for acute ischemic stroke who were transferred or admitted directly to our 2 hub hospitals. Primary outcome measures compared CT-based spoke hospitals' and MRI-based hub hospitals' mimic rates, hemorrhagic transformation, follow-up modified Rankin Scale (mRS), and discharge disposition...
June 28, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653513/-barriers-related-to-the-use-of-self-catheterization-preliminary-survey-of-perception-and-implications
#19
T Debugne, S Foucret, F Moissenet
INTRODUCTION: the use of clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) has been widely advocated after spinal cord injury. Nevertheless, implementing this technique remains problematic in practice; reasons for this reluctance range from lack of experience to availability of material. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 1. To identify a list of barriers related to the use of intermittent catheterization ; 2. To identify specific assessment tools in relation with these barriers ; 3...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651885/use-of-antibiotic-beads-to-salvage-infected-breast-implants
#20
Rami D Sherif, Michael Ingargiola, Paymon Sanati-Mehrizy, Philip J Torina, Marco A Harmaty
PURPOSE: When an implant becomes infected, implant salvage is often performed where the implant is removed, capsulectomy is performed, and a new implant is inserted. The patient is discharged with a PICC line and 6-8 weeks of intravenous (IV) antibiotics. This method has variable success and subjects the patient to long-term systemic antibiotics. In the 1960s, the use of antibiotic-impregnated beads for the treatment of chronic osteomyelitis was described. These beads deliver antibiotic directly to the site of the infection, thereby eliminating the complications of systemic IV antibiotics...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
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