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Induction of labour

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154779/letrozole-pre-treatment-prior-to-medical-termination-of-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#1
Christopher M Nash, Lauren Philp, Prakesh Shah, Kellie E Murphy
OBJECTIVE(S): The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the efficacy of pretreatment with letrozole prior to either a first or second trimester medical termination of pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: We searched letrozole, femara, aromatase inhibitors, abortifacient agents, termination of pregnancy, and labour induction in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Database, Google Scholar, and PubMed from inception of each database until September 2015 with no language limitation...
November 14, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143647/modelling-stillbirth-mortality-reduction-with-the-lives-saved-tool
#2
Hannah Blencowe, Victoria B Chou, Joy E Lawn, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: The worldwide burden of stillbirths is large, with an estimated 2.6 million babies stillborn in 2015 including 1.3 million dying during labour. The Every Newborn Action Plan set a stillbirth target of ≤12 per 1000 in all countries by 2030. Planning tools will be essential as countries set policy and plan investment to scale up interventions to meet this target. This paper summarises the approach taken for modelling the impact of scaling-up health interventions on stillbirths in the Lives Saved tool (LiST), and potential future refinements...
November 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141462/a-safety-review-of-medications-used-for-labour-induction
#3
Lili Sheibani, Deborah A Wing
Induction of labour is a commonly performed procedure around the world. There are various medications used for induction including those commonly used for cervical ripening (prostaglandins) and oxytocin. The ideal agent is one that decreases the time to achieving delivery without compromising maternal or neonatal safety. The 'optimal safe agent' remains undetermined. Areas covered: This article reviews the safety of currently used induction agents. Prostaglandins and oxytocin have proven to be effective in labour induction, and their profiles will be reviewed in this article...
November 15, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136026/operative-technique-at-caesarean-delivery-and-risk-of-complete-uterine-rupture-in-a-subsequent-trial-of-labour-at-term-a-registry-case-control-study
#4
Dorthe L A Thisted, Laust H Mortensen, Lone Hvidman, Lone Krebs
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the relation of single-layer closure at previous caesarean delivery, and other pre-labour and intra-partum risk factors for complete uterine rupture in trial of vaginal birth after a caesarean (TOLAC) at term. STUDY DESIGN: Population-based case-control study. We identified all women (n = 39 742) recorded in the Danish Medical Birth Registry (DMBR) during a 12-year period (1997-2008) with a singleton pregnancy at term and TOLAC. Among these, all women with a complete uterine rupture were identified (cases)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136007/perinatal-mortality-associated-with-induction-of-labour-versus-expectant-management-in-nulliparous-women-aged-35-years-or-over-an-english-national-cohort-study
#5
Hannah E Knight, David A Cromwell, Ipek Gurol-Urganci, Katie Harron, Jan H van der Meulen, Gordon C S Smith
BACKGROUND: A recent randomised controlled trial (RCT) demonstrated that induction of labour at 39 weeks of gestational age has no short-term adverse effect on the mother or infant among nulliparous women aged ≥35 years. However, the trial was underpowered to address the effect of routine induction of labour on the risk of perinatal death. We aimed to determine the association between induction of labour at ≥39 weeks and the risk of perinatal mortality among nulliparous women aged ≥35 years...
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121948/assessing-the-health-workforce-implications-of-health-policy-and-programming-how-a-review-of-grey-literature-informed-the-development-of-a-new-impact-assessment-tool
#6
REVIEW
Andrea Nove, Giorgio Cometto, James Campbell
BACKGROUND: In their adoption of WHA resolution 69.19, World Health Organization Member States requested all bilateral and multilateral initiatives to conduct impact assessments of their funding to human resources for health. The High-Level Commission for Health Employment and Economic Growth similarly proposed that official development assistance for health, education, employment and gender are best aligned to creating decent jobs in the health and social workforce. No standard tools exist for assessing the impact of global health initiatives on the health workforce, but tools exist from other fields...
November 9, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120029/safety-and-effectiveness-of-labour-induction-after-caesarean-section-using-balloon-catheter-or-oxytocin
#7
Anda-Petronela Radan, Sofia Amylidi-Mohr, Beatrix Mosimann, Cedric Simillion, Luigi Raio, Martin Mueller, Daniel Surbek
AIMS OF THE STUDY: Induction of labour after previous caesarean section (CS) is a challenge for obstetricians due to the increased risk of uterine rupture. Common methods for labour induction are balloon catheters and oxytocin as they are considered safe. However, the effectiveness remains unclear as currently available data are limited. Therefore, we aimed to determine safety and effectiveness of balloon catheter or oxytocin for labour induction after CS. METHODS: We included 179 consecutive women with a previous CS and labour induction in this retrospective study...
November 9, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117644/respectful-care-during-childbirth-in-health-facilities-globally-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis
#8
Elham Shakibazadeh, Masoumeh Namadian, Meghan A Bohren, Joshua P Vogel, Arash Rashidian, Vicky Nogueira Pileggi, Sofia Madeira, Sebastian Leathersich, Ӧzge Tunçalp, Olufemi T Oladapo, João Paulo Souza, Ahmet Metin Gülmezoglu
BACKGROUND: What constitutes respectful maternity care (RMC) operationally in research and program implementation is often variable. OBJECTIVES: To develop a conceptualization of RMC. SEARCH STRATEGY: Key databases including PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, Global Health Library; grey literature and reference lists of relevant studies. SELECTION CRITERIA: Primary qualitative studies focusing on care occurring during labour, childbirth and/or immediate postpartum in health facilities without any restrictions on locations or publication date...
November 8, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108135/regimens-of-ultrasound-surveillance-for-twin-pregnancies-for-improving-outcomes
#9
REVIEW
Jane G Woolcock, Rosalie M Grivell, Jodie M Dodd
BACKGROUND: Increased ultrasound surveillance of twin pregnancies has become accepted practice due to the higher risk of complications. There is no current consensus however as to the method and frequency of ultrasound monitoring that constitutes optimal care. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the effects of different types and frequency of ultrasound surveillance for women with a twin pregnancy on neonatal, fetal and maternal outcomes. SEARCH METHODS: We searched Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth's Trials Register, ClinicalTrials...
November 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103210/insulin-for-the-treatment-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#10
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Luke Grzeskowiak, Kathryn Williamson, Michelle R Downie, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with short- and long-term complications for the mother and her infant. Women who are unable to maintain their blood glucose concentration within pre-specified treatment targets with diet and lifestyle interventions will require anti-diabetic pharmacological therapies. This review explores the safety and effectiveness of insulin compared with oral anti-diabetic pharmacological therapies, non-pharmacological interventions and insulin regimens...
November 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100893/-late-preterm-infants-in-spain-experience-of-the-34-36-neonatal-group
#11
Mercedes García-Reymundo, Xavier Demestre, M José Calvo, Gemma Ginovart, Ana Jiménez, José Antonio Hurtado
INTRODUCTION: Late preterm (LP) infants (34 -36 weeks of gestation) are the largest group of preterm infants and also the least studied so far. In order to improve their care and reduce the impact of their increased morbidity and mortality, it is essential to know the current situation in Spain. POPULATION AND METHOD: Clinical-epidemiological variables of the LP population of 34 participating hospitals were prospectively collected from 1 April 2011 to 31 March 2016, and were then compared with the Minimum Perinatal Data Set for term births in the database...
October 31, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095502/obstetric-outcomes-after-conservative-treatment-for-cervical-intraepithelial-lesions-and-early-invasive-disease
#12
REVIEW
Maria Kyrgiou, Antonios Athanasiou, Ilkka E J Kalliala, Maria Paraskevaidi, Anita Mitra, Pierre Pl Martin-Hirsch, Marc Arbyn, Phillip Bennett, Evangelos Paraskevaidis
BACKGROUND: The mean age of women undergoing local treatment for pre-invasive cervical disease (cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia; CIN) or early cervical cancer (stage IA1) is around their 30s and similar to the age of women having their first child. Local cervical treatment has been correlated to adverse reproductive morbidity in a subsequent pregnancy, however, published studies and meta-analyses have reached contradictory conclusions. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of local cervical treatment for CIN and early cervical cancer on obstetric outcomes (after 24 weeks of gestation) and to correlate these to the cone depth and comparison group used...
November 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081069/different-methods-and-settings-for-glucose-monitoring-for-gestational-diabetes-during-pregnancy
#13
REVIEW
Puvaneswary Raman, Emily Shepherd, Therese Dowswell, Philippa Middleton, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is increasing worldwide. Blood glucose monitoring plays a crucial part in maintaining glycaemic control in women with GDM and is generally recommended by healthcare professionals. There are several different methods for monitoring blood glucose which can be carried out in different settings (e.g. at home versus in hospital). OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review is to compare the effects of different methods and settings for glucose monitoring for women with GDM on maternal and fetal, neonatal, child and adult outcomes, and use and costs of health care...
October 29, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078074/a-qualitative-study-of-volunteer-doulas-working-alongside-midwives-at-births-in-england-mothers-and-doulas-experiences
#14
Jenny McLeish, Maggie Redshaw
OBJECTIVE: to explore trained volunteer doulas' and mothers' experiences of doula support at birth and their perceptions of how this related to the midwife's role. DESIGN: a qualitative descriptive study, informed by phenomenological social psychology. METHODS: semi-structured interviews were carried out between June 2015 and March 2016. Interview transcripts were analysed using inductive thematic analysis. SETTING: three community volunteer doula projects run by third sector organisations in England...
October 6, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072048/cervical-ripening-and-induction-of-labour-inpatient-or-outpatient-oral-misoprostol-or-foley-catheter
#15
Malik Goonewardene
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 30, 2017: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067683/redesigning-induction-of-labour-processes
#16
Michael Beckmann, Emma Paterson, Ashleigh Smith
BACKGROUND: An 'in-hours' birth represents a desired outcome following induction of labour (IOL) in terms of safety, efficiency and satisfaction. Women booked for IOL are often not commenced at their allocated times, and these sometimes complex births happen after-hours. AIMS: To measure the effect of an 11:00 hours commencement time for IOL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A discrete-event-simulation patient-flow model was constructed. Multiple staffing and scheduling combinations were tested, before a brief pilot and subsequent introduction of a second IOL commencement time...
October 25, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058493/induction-of-labour-clinical-predictive-factors-for-success-and-failure
#17
Laura Batinelli, Andrea Serafini, Nicola Nante, Felice Petraglia, Filiberto Maria Severi, Gabriele Messina
Induction of labour (IOL) is a widely-used practice in obstetrics. Our aim was to evaluate predictors of vaginal delivery in postdate pregnancies induced with prostaglandins. We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study with analytic component. A total of 145 women, admitted for IOL after the 41st week of gestation, were induced with a vaginal pessary releasing prostaglandins. Type of delivery, whether vaginal or caesarean, was the outcome. Several maternal and foetal variables were investigated. The Kaplan-Maier curves, monovariate and a multivariate logistic regression were carried out...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045765/oral-anti-diabetic-agents-for-women-with-established-diabetes-impaired-glucose-tolerance-or-previous-gestational-diabetes-planning-pregnancy-or-pregnant-women-with-pre-existing-diabetes
#18
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Suzette Coat, William Hague, Philippa Middleton, Emily Shepherd
BACKGROUND: While most guidance recommends the use of insulin in women whose pregnancies are affected by pre-existing diabetes, oral anti-diabetic agents may be more acceptable to women. The effects of these oral anti-diabetic agents on maternal and infant health outcomes need to be established in pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance, as well as in women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus preconceptionally or during a subsequent pregnancy. This review is an update of a review that was first published in 2010...
October 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037170/multidisciplinary-consensus-on-screening-for-diagnosis-and-management-of-fetal-growth-restriction-in-the-netherlands
#19
Viki Verfaille, Ank de Jonge, Lidwine Mokkink, Myrte Westerneng, Henriëtte van der Horst, Petra Jellema, Arie Franx
BACKGROUND: Screening for, diagnosis and management of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is often performed in multidisciplinary collaboration. However, variation in screening methods, diagnosis and management of IUGR may lead to confusion. In the Netherlands two monodisciplinary guidelines on IUGR do not fully align. To facilitate effective collaboration between different professionals in perinatal care, we undertook a Delphi study with uniform recommendations as our primary result, focusing on issues that are not aligned or for which specifications are lacking in the current guidelines...
October 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036864/employment-pathways-of-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-living-in%C3%A2-switzerland-a-qualitative-study
#20
Albert Marti, Reuben Escorpizo, Urban Schwegler, Stefan Staubli, Bruno Trezzini
BACKGROUND: Labour market participation (LMP) represents a key goal of rehabilitation for individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). To achieve this goal, Swiss SCI rehabilitation centres seek, together with their clients, viable follow-up solutions for returning to work after initial rehabilitation. However, the long-term outcomes of such vocational follow-up solutions have not been investigated so far, and there is a paucity of knowledge regarding the various types of employment pathways that persons with SCI living in Switzerland may experience...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
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