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Induction of labour

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925278/-tubo-ovarian-abscess-in-the-39th-week-of-pregnancy-case-report
#1
A Piegzová, V Unzeitig
OBJECTIVE: A case of tubo-ovarian abscess in a patient with term pregnancy. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Nemocnice s poliklinikou Karviná Ráj. CASE REPORT: I hereby report a case of a patient in her 39th week of pregnancy hospitalized for abdominal pain and vomiting. Due to unclear aetiology and growing dynamics of inflammatory markers the ending of the pregnancy by induction of labour was indicated...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920504/outpatient-cervical-ripening-in-a-district-general-hospital-a-five-year-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Lauren Barnfield, Edmund Neale, Sarah Reynolds
The number of women undergoing induction of labour has risen steadily in recent years. Outpatient induction is becoming more common in the UK in response to the required increase in resources, although evidence supporting its safety is lacking. We reviewed the notes of low-risk women presenting for outpatient cervical ripening using prostaglandins over a five-year period, and compared our neonatal and maternal outcomes to local and national data. Of the 502 eligible women, 400 underwent outpatient treatment...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918404/combined-caesarean-with-splenectomy-in-pregnancy-with-portal-hypertension-defining-plausibility
#3
Manjunath Maruti Pol, Latika Uniyal Chawla, Yashwant Singh Rathore, Ritesh Goel
24-year-old woman at 28 weeks gestation was referred from peripheral hospital with diagnosis of pregnancy with portal hypertension. She had received multiple transfusion for pancytopaenia in the past and had undergone endoscopic sclerotherapy for oesophageal varices. Initially, she was admitted in our hospital at 28 weeks gestation for blood transfusion and was evaluated by multispecialty team of doctors. She was advised splenectomy for transfusion-dependent pancytopaenia secondary to hypersplenism in non-cirrhotic portal hypertension...
September 15, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912192/mechanical-cervical-ripening-for-women-with-prolongedpregnancies-magpop-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-silicone-double-balloon-catheter-versus-the-propess-system-for-the-slow-release-of-dinoprostone-for-cervical-ripening-of-prolonged-pregnancies
#4
Caroline Diguisto, Amélie Le Gouge, Bruno Giraudeau, Franck Perrotin
INTRODUCTION: Induction of labour for prolonged pregnancies (PP) when the cervix is unfavourable is a challenging situation. Cervical ripening by pharmacological or mechanical techniques before oxytocin administration is used to increase the likelihood of vaginal delivery. Both techniques are equally effective in achieving vaginal delivery but excessive uterine activity, which induces fetal heart rate (FHR) anomalies, is more frequent after the pharmacological intervention. We hypothesised that mechanical cervical ripening could reduce the caesarean rate for non-reassuring FHR especially in PP where fetuses are already susceptible to this...
September 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901792/methicillin-sensitive-staphylococcus-aureus-chorioamnionitis-and-foetal-death-after-mechanical-induction-of-labour-a-case-report
#5
Chibuike Godson Iruloh, Samantha Bonner, Ken Ma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901007/pharmacological-and-mechanical-interventions-for-labour-induction-in-outpatient-settings
#6
REVIEW
Joshua P Vogel, Alfred O Osoti, Anthony J Kelly, Stefania Livio, Jane E Norman, Zarko Alfirevic
BACKGROUND: Induction of labour is carried out for a variety of indications and using a range of methods. For women at low risk of pregnancy complications, some methods of induction of labour or cervical ripening may be suitable for use in outpatient settings. OBJECTIVES: To examine pharmacological and mechanical interventions to induce labour or ripen the cervix in outpatient settings in terms of effectiveness, maternal satisfaction, healthcare costs and, where information is available, safety...
September 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898687/outcomes-of-mifepristone-usage-for-cervical-ripening-and-induction-of-labour-in-full-term-pregnancy-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Oleg R Baev, Valentina P Rumyantseva, Oleg V Tysyachnyu, Olga A Kozlova, Gennady T Sukhikh
OBJECTIVE: The most commonly used approved indications for mifepristone in obstetrics include: termination of early pregnancy, cervical dilatation prior to abortion, labour induction in case of fetal death in utero. Fewer studies have been conducted on the effect of mifepristone on cervical ripening and induction of labour in term pregnancy with a live fetus. The aim of our study was to evaluate efficacy and safety of mifepristone use for cervical ripening and induction of labour versus expectant management in full-term pregnancy...
September 1, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892762/risk-factors-and-symptoms-associated-with-maternal-and-neonatal-complications-in-women-with-uterine-rupture-a-16-years-multicentric-experience
#8
G A Markou, J-M Muray, C Poncelet
OBJECTIVE: high maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality levels have been associated with uterine ruptures. The aims of our study were to determine risk factors and signs for maternal and fetal complications in patients with uterine rupture. STUDY DESIGN: retrospective, population-based study, in all Val d'Oise public obstetrics departments, France, between 2000 and 2015. All patients with uterine rupture were analyzed using medical records. To identify risk factors and signs for maternal and fetal complications, patients were divided into two groups according to adverse maternal and fetal outcomes or not, and compared...
September 6, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889775/high-dose-compared-to-low-dose-oxytocin-for-induction-of-labour-of-nulliparous-women-at-term
#9
Natasha Prichard, Anthea Lindquist, Richard Hiscock, Sophie Ruff, Stephen Tong, Fiona C Brownfoot
BACKGROUND: The optimal oxytocin infusion regimen to induce labour with the lowest caesarean section rate, instrumental delivery rate and length of active labour, is unclear. We compared the effect of a low-dose to high-dose oxytocin regimen to induce labour. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of nulliparous women induced at term in a single tertiary centre from 2009 to 2015. The oxytocin induction protocol changed from a high to low-dose regimen in November 2012, affording us the opportunity to compare outcomes 3 years prior to, and following the change in protocol...
September 10, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886702/safety-and-effectiveness-of-oral-misoprostol-for-induction-of-labour-in-a-resource-limited-setting-a-dose-escalation-study
#10
Marilyn Morris, John W Bolnga, Ovoi Verave, Jimmy Aipit, Allanie Rero, Moses Laman
BACKGROUND: Oral misoprostol as an induction of labour (IOL) agent is rapidly gaining popularity in resource-limited settings because it is cheap, stable at ambient temperatures, and logistically easier to administer compared to dinoprostone and oxytocin. We aim to investigate the safety and effectiveness of a regimen of oral misoprostol in Papua New Guinean women undergoing IOL. METHODS: As part of a prospective dose escalation study conducted at Modilon Hospital in Papua New Guinea, women with a singleton pregnancy in cephalic presentation and an unfavourable cervix who gave written informed consent were administered oral misoprostol, commencing at 25mcg once every 2 h for 4 doses and increased to 50mcg once every 2 h for 8 doses within 24 h...
September 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831553/efficacy-and-safety-of-misoprostol-dinoprostone-and-cook-s-balloon-for-labour-induction-in-women-with-foetal-growth-restriction-at-term
#11
Jorge Duro-Gómez, María Fernanda Garrido-Oyarzún, Ana Belén Rodríguez-Marín, Antonio Jesús de la Torre González, José Eduardo Arjona-Berral, Camil Castelo-Branco
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To compare effectiveness and safety of dinoprostone, misoprostol and Cook's balloon as labour-inducing agents in women with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) at term. METHODS: Retrospective cohort chart review of women diagnosed with foetal growth restriction at term in Reina Sofia Hospital, Cordoba, Spain from January 2014 to December 2015. Registration of baseline characteristics and method of induction was made. The main outcome was time from induction to delivery...
August 22, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804997/does-dental-hygienist-professional-education-meet-the-needs-of-working-life-educators-views
#12
T-L Jokiaho, P Kaakinen, J I Virtanen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the compatibility of dental hygienist education with working life from the perspective of their educators. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study among principal educators of dental hygienists in Finland in 2012-2013. The participants were leading educators of dental hygienists (n = 13) from the four Finnish education units. We used semi-structured interviews based on previous Nordic studies to collect the data and analysed them using inductive content analysis...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799164/preconception-care-for-diabetic-women-for-improving-maternal-and-infant-health
#13
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Philippa Middleton, Caroline A Crowther, Emily Shepherd
BACKGROUND: Infants born to mothers with pre-existing type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus are at greater risk of congenital anomalies, perinatal mortality and significant morbidity in the short and long term. Pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes are at greater risk of perinatal morbidity and diabetic complications. The relationship between glycaemic control and health outcomes for both mothers and infants indicates the potential for preconception care for these women to be of benefit...
August 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783742/validation-of-maternal-reported-pregnancy-and-birth-characteristics-against-the-medical-birth-registry-of-norway
#14
Svein Magne Skulstad, Jannicke Igland, Ane Johannessen, Randi Jacobsen Bertelsen, Marianne Lønnebotn, Ernst Reidar Omenaas, Cecilie Svanes, Francisco Gomez Real
Studies using mothers' self-reported information on birth and pregnancy characteristics are common, but the validity of such data is uncertain. We evaluated questionnaire data from the RHINE III study on reproductive health provided by 715 mothers from Bergen, Norway, about their 1629 births between 1967 and 2010, using the Medical Birth Registry of Norway (MBRN) as gold standard. Validity of dichotomous variables (gender, preterm birth [<37 weeks' gestation], postterm birth [>42 weeks' gestation], induction of labour, forceps delivery, vacuum delivery, caesarean section, were assessed by sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values (PPV and NPV) and Cohen's kappa...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778037/comparison-of-midwife-led-care-and-obstetrician-led-care-on-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-singapore-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
Shi Tian Voon, Julie Tay Suan Lay, Wilson Tam Wai San, Shefaly Shorey, Serena Koh Siew Lin
OBJECTIVES: to examine the maternal and neonatal outcomes of low-risk women receiving midwife-led care and obstetrician-led care. DESIGN, SETTING,&PARTICIPANTS: a retrospective cohort study design was used. Data were collected from a large tertiary maternity hospital in Singapore. This involved a medical record review of 368 women who had singleton, normal to low-risk, term pregnancy, and received midwife-led care and obstetrician-led care between 2013 to 2014. MEASUREMENTS: a data extraction tool was used to solicit information on the outcome measures, including duration of labour, mode of delivery, episiotomy, and 5-minutes Apgar score (<7)...
October 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765661/-factors-associated-with-blood-loss-during-precipitate-labor
#16
A Rubio Álvarez, A Hernández Martínez, M Molina Alarcón
BACKGROUND: Precipitate labour is related to the appearance of postpartum haemorrhage due to posterior uterine atony. However, preventive measures that may be effective in reducing blood loss in this type of delivery are still unknown. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the risk factors associated with blood loss produced in precipitate labour. METHODS: This was an observational, analytical retrospective cohort study based on a total sample of 742 women with vaginal delivery whose duration was less than 180 minutes, during the period 2010-2014...
July 28, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755910/reprint-of-fast-and-sensitive-in-vivo-studies-under-controlled-environmental-conditions-to-substitute-long-term-field-trials-with-genetically-modified-plants
#17
Patricia Horn, André Schlichting, Christel Baum, Ute Hammesfahr, Sören Thiele-Bruhn, Peter Leinweber, Inge Broer
We introduce an easy, fast and effective method to analyze the influence of genetically modified (GM) plants on soil and model organisms in the laboratory to substitute laborious and time consuming field trials. For the studies described here we focused on two GM plants of the so-called 3rd generation: GM plants producing pharmaceuticals (PMP) and plant made industrials (PMI). Cyanophycin synthetase (cphA) was chosen as model for PMI and Choleratoxin B (CTB) as model for PMP. The model genes are expressed in transgenic roots of composite Vicia hirsuta plants grown in petri dishes for semi-sterile growth or small containers filled with non-sterile soil...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750676/evaluation-of-a-bespoke-training-to-increase-uptake-by-midwifery-teams-of-nice-guidance-for-membrane-sweeping-to-reduce-induction-of-labour-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomised-design
#18
Sara Kenyon, Sophie Dann, Lucy Hope, Paula Clarke, Amanda Hogan, David Jenkinson, Karla Hemming
BACKGROUND: National guidance recommends pregnant women are offered membrane sweeping at term to reduce induction of labour. Local audit suggested this was not being undertaken routinely across two maternity units in the West Midlands, UK between March and November 2012. METHODS: Bespoke training session for midwifery teams (nine community and one antenatal clinic) was developed to address identified barriers to encourage offer of membrane sweeping, together with an information leaflet for women and appointment of a champion within each team...
July 27, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744896/elective-repeat-caesarean-section-versus-induction-of-labour-for-women-with-a-previous-caesarean-birth
#19
REVIEW
Jodie M Dodd, Caroline A Crowther, Rosalie M Grivell, Andrea R Deussen
BACKGROUND: When a woman has had a previous caesarean birth and requires induction of labour for a subsequent pregnancy, two options are available for her care: an elective repeat caesarean and planned induction of labour. Although risks and benefits are associated with both elective repeat caesarean birth and planned induction of labour, current sources of information are limited to non-randomised cohort studies, and studies designed in this way have significant potential for bias. Consequently, any conclusions based on results of these studies are limited in their reliability and should be interpreted with caution...
July 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731639/exploring-family-home-food-environments-household-resources-needed-to-utilise-weekly-deliveries-of-free-fruits-and-vegetables
#20
Sophie A Carty, Louise A Mainvil, John D Coveney
AIM: An adapted ethnographic approach was used to explore household factors that influence family fruit and vegetable consumption when access and cost barriers are removed. 'Structural' barriers, such as food affordability and accessibility, are likely to influence fruit and vegetable consumption in disadvantaged households, but households may require additional resources (human and social) to increase consumption. METHODS: Five low-income and five high-income households with children (N = 39 individuals) were observed in their home environment for three months...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
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