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Induction of labour

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731639/exploring-family-home-food-environments-household-resources-needed-to-utilise-weekly-deliveries-of-free-fruits-and-vegetables
#1
Sophie A Carty, Louise A Mainvil, John D Coveney
AIM: An adapted ethnographic approach was used to explore household factors that influence family fruit and vegetable consumption when access and cost barriers are removed. 'Structural' barriers, such as food affordability and accessibility, are likely to influence fruit and vegetable consumption in disadvantaged households, but households may require additional resources (human and social) to increase consumption. METHODS: Five low-income and five high-income households with children (N = 39 individuals) were observed in their home environment for three months...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698953/what-can-we-do-to-reduce-the-associated-costs-in-induction-of-labour-of-intrauterine-growth-restriction-foetuses-at-term-a-cost-analysis-study
#2
Jorge Duro-Gómez, María Fernanda Garrido-Oyarzún, Ana Belén Rodríguez-Marín, Antonio Jesús de la Torre González, José Eduardo Arjona-Berral, Camil Castelo-Branco
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the costs associated with induction of labour in intrauterine growth restriction fetuses comparing different procedures. STUDY DESIGN: 150 pregnancies at term diagnosed with intrauterine growth restriction and indication for induction of labour were included. 24 were ripened with misoprostol 25 μg tablets, 24 with dinoprostone 10 mg vaginal insert, and 77 with Cook(®) cervical ripening balloon. To determine the costs of induction of labour, method of induction, intrapartum medication, epidural analgesia, type of delivery, and maternal and neonatal admissions were considered...
July 11, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697540/three-doses-of-oral-misoprostol-versus-an-intra-cervical-foley-catheter-for-24-hours-for-pre-induction-cervical-ripening-in-post-dated-pregnancies-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
D Somirathne, Malik Goonewardene, L Dahanayake
Objectives: To compare three doses of oral misoprostol 50μg four hourly versus an intra-cervical Foley catheter for 24 hours, for pre-induction cervical ripening. Methods: Primary investigator blinded, randomised controlled trial conducted in 180 consecutive women with singleton uncomplicated pregnancies with Modified Bishop Score (MBS) 5 at 40 weeks + 6 days gestation, allocated by stratified (primigravida / multigravida) block randomization to receive three doses of oral misoprostol 50μg four hourly or an intra-cervical Foley catheter for 24 hours...
June 30, 2017: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680475/the-geography-of-pre-criminal-space-epidemiological-imaginations-of-radicalisation-risk-in-the-uk-prevent-strategy-2007-2017
#4
Charlotte Heath-Kelly
This paper explores geographical and epistemological shifts in the deployment of the UK Prevent strategy, 2007 - 2017. Counter-radicalisation policies of the Labour governments (2006 - 2010) focused heavily upon resilience-building activities in residential communities. They borrowed from historical models of crime prevention and public health to imagine radicalisation risk as an epidemiological concern in areas showing a 2% or higher demography of Muslims. However, this racialized and localised imagination of pre-criminal space was replaced, after the election of the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition in 2010...
2017: Crit Stud Terror
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668289/foley-catheterisation-versus-oral-misoprostol-for-induction-of-labour-in-hypertensive-women-in-india-inform-a-multicentre-open-label-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Shuchita Mundle, Hillary Bracken, Vaishali Khedikar, Jayashree Mulik, Brian Faragher, Thomas Easterling, Simon Leigh, Paul Granby, Alan Haycox, Mark A Turner, Zarko Alfirevic, Beverly Winikoff, Andrew D Weeks
BACKGROUND: Between 62 000 and 77 000 women die annually from pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. Prompt delivery, preferably by the vaginal route, is vital for good maternal and neonatal outcomes. Two low-cost interventions-low-dose oral misoprostol tablets and transcervical Foley catheterisation-are already used in low-resource settings. We aimed to compare the relative risks and benefits of these interventions. METHODS: We undertook this multicentre, open-label, randomised controlled trial in two public hospitals in Nagpur, India...
June 28, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668288/oral-misoprostol-for-induction-of-labour-in-hypertensive-pregnancies
#6
Vanita Suri, Pooja Sikka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668074/evidence-of-lower-oxygen-reserves-during-labour-in-the-growth-restricted-human-foetus-a-retrospective-study
#7
Silvia Parisi, Clara Monzeglio, Rossella Attini, Marilisa Biolcati, Bianca Masturzo, Manuela Mensa, Marina Mischinelli, Eleonora Pilloni, Tullia Todros
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study is to test the hypothesis that Growth Restricted foetuses (FGR) have the tendency to develop more pathological cardiotocograpic tracings during labour than do appropriate for gestational age foetuses and that there is a shorter time lapse from the beginning of labour and the advent of a pathological cardiotocograpic tracing. METHODS: The study was carried out at the Maternal-Foetal Medicine Unit of the Sant'Anna University Hospital, Turin, Italy...
July 1, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663309/juvenile-onset-arthritis-and-pregnancy-outcome-a-population-based-cohort-study
#8
Katarina Remaeus, Kari Johansson, Johan Askling, Olof Stephansson
OBJECTIVES: Reports on pregnancy outcomes among women with juvenile onset arthritis (JIA) have been few and small. The aim of this study was to assess pregnancy outcomes in a large and contemporary cohort of women diagnosed with JIA. METHODS: In a nationwide Swedish population-based cohort study between 1992 and 2011, we identified 1807 births among women with JIA and 1 949 202 control births. Since JIA is a heterogenic condition, births to women with JIA was divided into JIA paediatric only (n=1169) and JIA persisting into adulthood (n=638)...
June 29, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646127/induction-of-labour-at-37-weeks-for-suspected-fetal-macrosomia-may-reduce-birth-trauma
#9
Kate Walker, Jim Thornton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639706/exercise-for-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes-for-improving-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes
#10
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Gilles Ceysens, Michel Boulvain
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with both short- and long-term complications for the mother and her baby. Exercise interventions may be useful in helping with glycaemic control and improve maternal and infant outcomes.The original review on Exercise for diabetic pregnant women has been split into two new review titles reflecting the role of exercise for pregnant women with gestational diabetes and for pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes. Exercise for pregnant women with gestational diabetes for improving maternal and fetal outcomes (this review) Exercise for pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes for improving maternal and fetal outcomes OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of exercise interventions for improving maternal and fetal outcomes in women with GDM...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637644/does-attendance-at-a-specialist-antenatal-clinic-improve-clinical-outcomes-in-women-with-class-iii-obesity-compared-with-standard-care-a-retrospective-case-note-analysis
#11
Fiona C Denison, Heather MacGregor, Laura I Stirrat, Kerrie Stevenson, Jane E Norman, Rebecca M Reynolds
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether attendance at a specialised multidisciplinary antenatal clinic for women with class III obesity (BMI >40 kg/m(2)) is associated with improved clinical outcomes compared with standard antenatal care. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using routinely collected data from electronic patient record. SETTING: Community and hospital based antenatal care. PARTICIPANTS: Women with a singleton pregnancy with class III obesity booked for antenatal care and delivered in one of two hospitals in NHS Lothian, Scotland, UK between 2008 and 2014...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632072/maternal-obesity-obstetric-interventions-and-post-partum-anaemia-increase-the-risk-of-post-partum-sepsis-a-population-based-cohort-study-based-on-swedish-medical-health-registers
#12
Daniel Axelsson, Marie Blomberg
BACKGROUND: The objective was to estimate whether maternal obesity and/or obstetric interventions are associated with diagnosed maternal post-partum sepsis. METHODS: A retrospective observational cohort study including all deliveries in Sweden between 1997 and 2012 (N = 1,558,752). Cases of sepsis (n = 376) were identified by International Classification of Diseases, (ICD-10) codes A40, A41 and O 85 in the Medical Birth Register and the National Patient Register...
June 20, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618920/castor-oil-for-induction-of-labour-a-retrospective-study
#13
Isabella Neri, Giulia Dante, Lucrezia Pignatti, Chiara Salvioli, Fabio Facchinetti
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to investigate the safety and efficacy of castor oil to induce labour. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective observational case control study was conducted over five years. Castor oil was proposed to women referred to the Birth Centre (Castor Oil group (COG)). They were compared to women who chose to be followed by the traditional doctor-led unit (control group (CG)). Castor oil was administered in a 60 ml single dose in 200 ml of warm water...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618257/is-a-therapeutic-anticoagulation-window-needed-for-delivery-when-using-prophylactic-low-molecular-weight-heparin-during-pregnancy-a-retrospective-monocentric-study
#14
Assila Roueli, Elsa Cesario, Julien Amsellem, Antoine Agman, Danièle Vauthier-Brouzes, Jacky Nizard
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of therapeutic window for delivery for patients under prophylactic anticoagulation by low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) by comparing those who had a planned delivery versus those who delivered spontaneously. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective monocentric study included pregnant patients with prophylactic anticoagulation (one injection per day of enoxaparin 4000UI), who delivered after 24 weeks of gestation...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613398/fetal-and-umbilical-doppler-ultrasound-in-high-risk-pregnancies
#15
REVIEW
Zarko Alfirevic, Tamara Stampalija, Therese Dowswell
BACKGROUND: Abnormal blood flow patterns in fetal circulation detected by Doppler ultrasound may indicate poor fetal prognosis. It is also possible that false positive Doppler ultrasound findings could lead to adverse outcomes from unnecessary interventions, including preterm delivery. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to assess the effects of Doppler ultrasound used to assess fetal well-being in high-risk pregnancies on obstetric care and fetal outcomes...
June 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603938/should-we-implement-universal-screening-with-late-pregnancy-ultrasound-to-prevent-stillbirth
#16
Gordon C S Smith
The first description of ultrasound to estimate fetal weight was published in 1975.(1) More than 40 years later, we still do not know whether universal use of this method prevents perinatal deaths. Multiple lines of evidence suggest that it should work: (i) stillbirth is strongly associated with fetal growth restriction (FGR),(2) (ii) current methods using targeted ultrasound have low detection rates for FGR,(3) (iii) there is strong evidence that induction of labour at term reduces perinatal mortality. This article is protected by copyright...
June 12, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601727/does-serial-3rd-trimester-ultrasound-improve-detection-of-small-for-gestational-age-babies-comparison-of-screening-policies-in-2-european-maternity-units
#17
Vesna Sokol Karadjole, Umber Agarwal, Edina Berberovic, Borna Poljak, Zarko Alfirevic
OBJECTIVE: Methods for the antenatal detection of small for gestational age babies (SGA) differ between countries. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of routine versus selective small for gestational age babies screening policy using data from two European Maternity Units. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study from Liverpool Women's Hospital, UK, that uses selective third trimester sonography and from the University Hospital Centre Zagreb, Croatia, that uses routine third trimester sonography for SGA detection...
June 3, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600829/small-for-gestational-age-babies-after-37-weeks-an-impact-study-of-a-risk-stratification-protocol
#18
M Veglia, A Cavallaro, A Papageorghiou, R Black, L Impey
OBJECTIVES: Although no clear evidence exists, many international guidelines advocate early term delivery of small for gestational age (SGA) fetuses. The aim of this study was to determine whether a protocol that included monitoring SGA fetuses beyond 37 weeks affected perinatal and maternal outcomes. METHODS: The impact of the introduction in 2014 of a protocol for management of SGA, which included risk stratification with surveillance and expectant management after 37 weeks for lower risk babies (Group 2), was compared with the previous strategy, which recommended delivery at around 37 weeks (Group 1)...
June 10, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600035/predictors-of-perinatal-outcomes-and-economic-costs-for-late-term-induction-of-labour
#19
Daniel Oros, Raquel Garcia-Simon, Jesús Clemente, Ernesto Fabre, Manuel Angel Romero, Antonio Montañes
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to predict the perinatal outcomes and costs of health services following labour induction for late-term pregnancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cohort study of 245 women who underwent labour induction during their 41st week of gestation. The cervical condition was assessed upon admission using the Bishop score and ultrasound cervical length measurements. We estimated the direct costs of labour induction, and a predictive model for perinatal outcomes was constructed using the decision tree analysis algorithm and a logit model...
June 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599068/methods-of-term-labour-induction-for-women-with-a-previous-caesarean-section
#20
REVIEW
Helen M West, Marta Jozwiak, Jodie M Dodd
BACKGROUND: Women with a prior caesarean delivery have an increased risk of uterine rupture and for women subsequently requiring induction of labour it is unclear which method is preferable to avoid adverse outcomes. This is an update of a review that was published in 2013. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms associated with different methods used to induce labour in women who have had a previous caesarean birth. SEARCH METHODS: We searched Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth's Trials Register (31 August 2016) and reference lists of retrieved studies...
June 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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