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preoperative hematological evaluation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30092479/preoperative-hematologic-inflammatory-markers-as-prognostic-factors-in-patients-with-glioma
#1
Yifeng Bao, Minfeng Yang, Chunjing Jin, Shiqiang Hou, Beitian Shi, Jinlong Shi, Ning Lin
OBJECTIVE: Hematologic inflammatory markers are simple, inexpensive prognostic markers for various conditions. The prognostic significance of representative markers neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), monocyte-lymphocyte ratio (MLR) and red cell distribution width (RDW) in patients exist in a variety of tumors. The objective of this study was to evaluate prognostic value of these markers in glioma. METHODS: A retrospective chart review study was conducted for 219 glioma patients between January 2012 and January 2017...
August 6, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29979434/the-clinical-outcomes-and-surgical-strategy-for-cervical-spine-tuberculosis-a-retrospective-study-in-78-cases
#2
Xin Hua Yin, Bao Rong He, Zhong Kai Liu, Ding Jun Hao
Literature on the treatment of cervical spinal tuberculosis (CSTB) is uncommon, the surgical approaches to cervical spinal tuberculosis were controversial. The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of 3 surgical techniques in CSTB patients, and to determine the most appropriate approach for CSTB patients. Between April 2006 and June 2012, we performed a retrospective review of clinical and radiographic data that were collected from 850 consecutive spinal tubercular patients, including 87 patients who were diagnosed and treated for CSTB in our hospital...
July 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894675/-features-of-red-blood-indexes-in-elderly-patients-with-ischemic-heart-disease-and-pathology-of-heart-valves-before-and-after-surgical-correction
#3
L A Nikolenko, E S Shopova, E S Golovneva, E S Nikolenko
Due to current options of cardiac surgery, operations on the heart of elderly patients have become routine in specialized cardiosurgical centers. The issue of pre- and postoperative anemia of different nature is essential in surgical correction of heart valves and coronary bypass. AIM: To study indexes of red blood in elderly patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) and pathology of heart valves before and after surgical correction, including the relationship with position and type of the prosthesis...
2018: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880389/the-diagnostic-value-of-splenectomy-in-patients-without-a-definitive-preoperative-diagnosis
#4
Patrick T Hangge, William W Sheaffer, Matthew Neville, Nabil Wasif, Richard J Gray, Barbara A Pockaj, Chee-Chee H Stucky
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to describe the diagnostic value and therapeutic benefit of diagnostic splenectomy. METHODS: Retrospective review was performed of patients undergoing splenectomy with an unknown diagnosis (UD), a hematologic malignancy (HM) or idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. Surgical indications and postoperative outcomes were evaluated. RESULTS: 113 splenectomy patients were identified. Of the UD patients undergoing splenectomy, 46% (n = 16) received a definitive diagnosis postoperatively...
May 29, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800971/total-neoadjuvant-therapy-with-folfirinox-followed-by-individualized-chemoradiotherapy-for-borderline-resectable-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma-a-phase-2-clinical-trial
#5
Janet E Murphy, Jennifer Y Wo, David P Ryan, Wenqing Jiang, Beow Y Yeap, Lorraine C Drapek, Lawrence S Blaszkowsky, Eunice L Kwak, Jill N Allen, Jeffrey W Clark, Jason E Faris, Andrew X Zhu, Lipika Goyal, Keith D Lillemoe, Thomas F DeLaney, Carlos Fernández-Del Castillo, Cristina R Ferrone, Theodore S Hong
Importance: Patients with borderline-resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma have historically poor outcomes with surgery followed by adjuvant chemotherapy. Evaluation of a total neoadjuvant approach with highly active therapy is warranted. Objective: To evaluate the margin-negative (R0) resection rate in borderline-resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma after neoadjuvant FOLFIRINOX (fluorouracil, irinotecan, and oxaliplatin) therapy and individualized chemoradiotherapy...
July 1, 2018: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791295/ultrasonographic-detection-of-ingested-fishing-lines-in-loggerheads-caretta-caretta
#6
Delia Franchini, Carmela Valastro, Stefano Ciccarelli, Francesco Caprio, Diana Lenoci, Antonio Di Bello
Loggerhead sea turtles ( Caretta caretta) are among the most frequent victims of bycatch in drifting longlines, and the ingestion of fish hooks and fishing lines is one of the most frequent causes of death of sea turtles. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether coelomic ultrasound (US) can be decisive, not only for diagnosis but also to optimize surgical planning based on preoperative evaluation of the bowel conditions and, in addition, to see if there are characteristic sonographic findings in sea turtles associated with the ingestion of fishing lines...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786814/predictive-value-of-preoperative-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-while-detecting-bowel-resection-in-hernia-with-intestinal-incarceration
#7
Hande Köksal, Derviş Ateş, Emet Ebru Nazik, İlknur Küçükosmanoğlu, Serap Melek Doğan, Osman Doğru
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between preoperative hematological inflammatory markers of the patients who underwent a surgery for incarcerated hernia and intestinal resection requirement. METHODS: The data of 102 patients who underwent a surgery for incarcerated hernia were retrospectively evaluated. Whole blood cell counts were preoperatively measured, and operation types and pathology results were recorded. The patients with intestinal resections were compared with those without any resection in terms of leukocyte number, neutrophil rate, red cell distribution width (RDW), platelet distribution width, neutrophil-to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and mean platelet volume (MPV)...
May 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693335/preoperative-monocyte-count-as-a-mirror-of-tumor-characteristics-and-likelihood-of-recurrence-in-endometrial-carcinoma-cases
#8
Mitra Modares Gilani, Zohreh Kazemi, Narges Zamani, Hadis Shahrami, Akram Ghahghaei-Nezamabadi, Soureh Sheikham
Background: Recently preoperative hematologic parameters have attracted attention for their capacity to predict tumor characteristics and recurrence. Considering the established role of tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) in the tumor microenvironment, we evaluated the role of the preoperative monocyte count as a surrogate for TAM. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 166 patients with histopathologically proven endometrial cancers from January 2011 to March 2015 and assessed any association of preoperative monocyte count with tumor characteristics and recurrence...
April 25, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471153/the-prevalence-and-clinical-significance-of-postgastrectomy-anemia-in-patients-with-early-stage-gastric-cancer-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Ji-Hyun Kim, You-Jin Bae, Kyong-Hwa Jun, Hyung-Min Chin
BACKGROUND: This study explored the cumulative incidence of anemia after gastrectomy in patients with early-stage gastric cancer and evaluated the relationship between postgastrectomy anemia and nutritional factors during long-term follow-up. METHODS: The medical records of patients with stage I gastric cancer who underwent curative gastrectomy between January 2006 and December 2013 were reviewed retrospectively. Hematologic parameters like hemoglobin, iron, ferritin, and vitamin B12 level were obtained prior to and after surgery with other nutritional parameters such as total protein, albumin, total cholesterol, triglyceride, calcium, and phosphate...
April 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468507/impact-of-clinical-factors-and-ugt1a9-and-cyp2b6-genotype-on-inter-individual-differences-in-propofol-pharmacokinetics
#10
Akihiro Kanaya, Toshihiro Sato, Nobuo Fuse, Hiroaki Yamaguchi, Nariyasu Mano, Masanori Yamauchi
PURPOSE: Propofol is one of the most widely used fast-acting intravenously administered anesthetics. However, although large inter-individual differences in dose requirements and recovery time have been observed, there are few previous studies in which the association between several potential covariates, including genetic factors such as the UGT1A9 and CYP2B6 genotypes, and propofol pharmacokinetics was simultaneously examined. This study aimed to identify factors determining propofol pharmacokinetics...
April 2018: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462813/hemostatic-efficacy-and-safety-of-the-novel-medical-adhesive-mar-vivo-107-in-a-rabbit-liver-resection-model
#11
Kenji Fukushima, Hirokazu Tanaka, Pramod Kadaba Srinivasan, Kerstin Pawlowsky, Babette Kögel, Shinji Uemoto, Yonson Ku, René H Tolba
BACKGROUND: Topical hemostatic agents are useful when hepatic hemorrhage is difficult to control. The aim of this study was to evaluate the hemostatic efficacy and safety of a biodegradable polyurethane-based adhesive, MAR VIVO-107 (MAR), in comparison with a clinically used fibrin glue. METHODS: Thirty female New Zealand white rabbits were randomly assigned to 3 study groups as follows: MAR (n = 10), fibrin glue (n = 10), and saline groups (n = 10). After standardized partial liver resection was performed, each agent was immediately applied to the wound area...
February 20, 2018: European Surgical Research. Europäische Chirurgische Forschung. Recherches Chirurgicales Européennes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430757/serum-bilirubin-level-predicts-postoperative-overall-survival-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#12
Hongchuang Zhang, Gang Li, Zaiou Zhu, Yang Zheng, Yunong Wu, Wei Zhang, Ning Gu, Xiang Wang, Xiaomeng Song
BACKGROUND: Aberrant level of serum bilirubin, marker of hepatobiliary and hematological disorders, was associated with patient prognosis in several human malignancies. In this study, we aim to evaluate the predictive value of serum bilirubin for clinicopathologic characteristics and survival of patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed 129 patients with OSCC and 129 normal controls matched for age and sex. The association between levels of preoperative direct bilirubin (DBIL), indirect bilirubin (IBIL), total bilirubin (TBIL), and clinical variables was analyzed...
April 2018: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414500/priapism-as-the-initial-sign-in-hematologic-disease-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
Luis Cuitláhuac Becerra-Pedraza, Luis Enrique Jiménez-Martínez, Iran Peña-Morfin, Rogelio Nava-Esquivel, Juan Alfredo Villegas-Martínez
INTRODUCTION: Priapism is an uncommon sign and sometimes considered a diagnosis challenge into systemic disease; this is defined as ≥4 h continuous penile erection, without sexual stimulation. We state that this work has been reported in line with the SCARE criteria PRESENTATION OF CASE: A Mexican 52-year-old man was brought to the emergency room with priapism of six days of evolution. His medical history reported fatigue and waxy pallor had begun a month ago, the rest of interrogation was unremarked...
2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375747/neoadjuvant-hyperfractionated-accelerated-radiotherapy-plus-concomitant-5-fluorouracil-infusion-in-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer-a-phase-ii-study
#14
Zeynep Gural, Sezer Saglam, Serap Yucel, Esra Kaytan-Saglam, Oktar Asoglu, Cetin Ordu, Hediye Acun, Rasul Sharifov, Semen Onder, Ahmet Kizir, Ethem N Oral
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of neoadjuvant hyperfractionated accelerated radiotherapy (HART) and concurrent chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced infraperitoneal rectal cancer. METHODS: A total of 30 patients with histopathologically confirmed T2-3/N0+ infraperitoneal adenocarcinoma of rectum cancer patients received preoperative 42 Gy/1.5 Gy/18 days/bid radiotherapy and continuous infusion of 5-fluorouracil (325 mg/m2 ). All patients were operated 4-8 wk after neoadjuvant concomitant therapy...
January 15, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260361/sex-dependent-association-of-preoperative-hematologic-markers-with-glioma-grade-and-progression
#15
Wenshen Xu, Dengliang Wang, Xiaobin Zheng, Qishui Ou, Liming Huang
Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-lymphocyte ratio, the systemic immune-inflammation index (SII), and red blood cell distribution width (RDW), have been recognized as promising predictors for histological grade and prognosis in multiple cancer types. However, few investigations illustrated the impacts of sex on the clinical utility of hematologic markers. Patients with primary gliomas were retrospectively reviewed. The association between grade and inflammatory markers by sex were investigated by univariate and multivariate analysis...
April 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211220/blood-transfusion-and-increased-perioperative-risk-in-coronary-artery-bypass-grafts
#16
Igor C Campos, Valessa Tanganelli, Hugo P Maues, Marcio C M Coelho, Fernanda A Martins, Giovana Munhoz, Julyana G T Egito, Hayala C C Souza, Cássio M C Giannini, Pedro S Farsky
OBJECTIVE: To correlate blood transfusions and clinical outcomes during hospitalization in coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG). METHODS: Transfusion, clinical and hematological data were collected for 1,378 patients undergoing isolated or combined CABG between January 2011 and December 2012. The effect of blood transfusions was evaluated through multivariate analysis to predict three co-primary outcomes: composite ischemic events, composite infectious complications and hospital mortality...
September 2017: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194623/phase-ii-trial-of-preoperative-chemoradiation-plus-perioperative-sox-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-locally-advanced-gastric-cancer
#17
Xiaowen Liu, Guichao Li, Ziwen Long, Jiliang Yin, Xiaodong Zhu, Weiqi Sheng, Dan Huang, Hui Zhu, Zhaozhen Zhang, Hong Cai, Hua Huang, Guangfa Zhao, Ye Zhou, Zhen Zhang, Yanong Wang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The ideal treatment strategy of patients with locally advanced gastric adenocarcinoma is unclear. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of preoperative chemoradiation in these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients underwent laparoscopic exploration or exploratory laparotomy before chemoradiation. Patients received one cycle of S-1 and oxalipatin followed by concurrent radiation and chemotherapy, then underwent another cycle of S-1 and oxalipatin...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156176/management-of-patients-with-left-ventricular-assist-devices-requiring-teeth-extraction-is-halting-anticoagulation-appropriate
#18
Visakha Suresh, Muath Bishawi, Michael W Manning, Chetan Patel, Joseph Rogers, Carmelo Milano, Jacob Schroder, Mani Daneshmand, David Powers
PURPOSE: An increasing number of patients with end-stage heart failure are supported with left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation and must be maintained on a consistent anticoagulation regimen. Pre-emptive extraction of carious teeth in these patients is necessary to prevent seeding of the implanted device and endocarditis. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate bleeding complications after minor oral surgery, specifically teeth extractions, in this unique patient population requiring long-term anticoagulation...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069071/clinical-signi%C3%AF-cance-of-routine-blood-test-associated-inflammatory-index-in-breast-cancer-patients
#19
Hong Sun, Chang-Qing Yin, Qing Liu, Fubing Wang, Chun-Hui Yuan
BACKGROUND It is now widely acknowledged that chronic inflammation is closely associated with the process of cancer development. As a simple noninvasive blood-based test, hematological parameters in the routine blood test have been considered as inflammation markers. We aimed to evaluate platelet count (PC), red blood cell distribution width (RDW), white blood cell count (WBC), mean platelet volume (MPV), number of neutrophils/lymphocytes ratio (NLR), and platelet count/lymphocytes ratio (PLR) as surrogate inflammatory markers in breast cancer (BC) patients, and we compared these to those in healthy individuals...
October 25, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050888/influence-of-discharge-timing-and-diagnosis-on-outcomes-of-pediatric-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#20
Sarah B Cairo, George Ventro, Holly A Meyers, David H Rothstein
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the influence of discharge timing (same day versus other) on 30-day hospital readmissions after laparoscopic cholecystectomy in pediatric patients. Wound complication and readmission rates also were evaluated among patients with different operative indications. METHODS: The database of the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatric (2012-2015) was queried for patients <18 years old who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
December 2017: Surgery
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