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Exercise and syndrome down

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30526288/efficacy-of-kinesio-taping-and-mcconell-taping-techniques-in-the-management-of-anterior-knee-pain
#1
Rumit Singh Kakar, Hilary B Greenberger, Patrick O McKeon
CONTEXT: Anterior knee pain also known as patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is a frequently encountered musculoskeletal disorder that worsens with activity. The multifactorial etiology of PFPS alters lower extremity mechanics, increasing patellofemoral joint stresses during weight-bearing tasks. Kinesio (KT) and McConnell (MC) tapings are often incorporated into the treatment, but their efficacy is still unclear. OBJECTIVES: To test the efficacy of KT, MC and sham taping (ST) in improving knee mechanics and reducing pain during activity...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30313077/gross-motor-proficiency-and-intellectual-functioning-a-comparison-among-children-with-down-syndrome-children-with-borderline-intellectual-functioning-and-typically-developing-children
#2
Marianna Alesi, Giusppe Battaglia, Annamaria Pepi, Antonino Bianco, Antonio Palma
This cross-sectional study examines differences in gross motor proficiency as a function of different intellectual functioning profiles. Two motor areas have been investigated as being equally essential to gross motor functions in every-day life: locomotion and object control.It aims to compare gross motor skills endorsed by children with Down syndrome (DS), children with borderline intellectual functioning (BIF), and typically developing children (TDC).Group 1 was composed of 18 children with DS (chronological age = 8...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30269804/exoskeleton-and-end-effector-robots-for-upper-and-lower-limbs-rehabilitation-narrative-review
#3
REVIEW
Franco Molteni, Giulio Gasperini, Giovanni Cannaviello, Eleonora Guanziroli
Recovery of upper and lower limbs function is essential to reach independence in daily activities in patients with upper motor neuron syndrome (UMNS). Rehabilitation can provide a guide for motor recovery influencing the neurobiology of neuronal plasticity providing controlled, repetitive, and variable patterns. Increasing therapy dosage, intensity, number of repetition, execution of task-oriented exercises, and combining top-down and bottom-up approaches can promote plasticity and functional recovery. Robotic exoskeletons for upper and lower limbs, based on the principle of motor learning, have been introduced in neurorehabilitation...
September 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30254502/obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-patients-with-down-syndrome-current-perspectives
#4
REVIEW
Ryne Simpson, Anthony A Oyekan, Zarmina Ehsan, David G Ingram
For individuals with Down syndrome (DS), obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a complex disorder with significant clinical consequences. OSA is seen frequently in DS, and when present, it tends to be more severe. This increased prevalence is likely related to common anatomic abnormalities and a greater risk of additional comorbidities such as hypotonia and obesity. Because signs and symptoms do not often correlate with disease, all children and adults with DS should receive routine screening for OSA. Similar to the general population, polysomnography remains the gold standard for diagnosis...
2018: Nature and Science of Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30144466/effects-of-ginsenoside-rg3-on-fatigue-resistance-and-sirt1-in-aged-rats
#5
Qi-Yu Yang, Xiao-Dan Lai, Jing Ouyang, Jia-Dan Yang
BACKGROUND: Ginsenoside Rg3 (Rg3) is one of the key components of a frequently used herbal tonic panax ginseng for fatigue treatment. However, the molecular mechanisms of Rg3 on anti-fatigue effects have not been completely understood yet. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We built a postoperative fatigue syndrome (POFS) model and tried to elucidate the molecular mechanisms responsible for anti-fatigue effects of Rg3. 160 aged male rats were randomly divided into four groups (n = 40/group): normal group, Rg3-treated normal group (Rg3 group), postoperative fatigue syndrome model group (POFS group) and Rg3-treated postoperative fatigue syndrome model group (POFS + Rg3 group)...
November 1, 2018: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30119085/sport-preparticipation-screening-for-asymptomatic-atlantoaxial-instability-in-patients-with-down-syndrome
#6
Christopher Tomlinson, Alastair Campbell, Alison Hurley, Eoin Fenton, Neil Heron
Down syndrome (DS) is a clinical syndrome comprising typical facial features and various physical and intellectual disabilities due to extra genetic material on chromosome 21, with one in every 1000 babies born in the United Kingdom affected. Patients with Down syndrome are at risk of atlantoaxial instability (AAI). Although AAI can occur in other conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, this position statement deals specifically with patients with DS and asymptomatic AAI. Atlantoaxial instability, also referred to as atlantoaxial subluxation, is defined as increased movement between the first (atlas) and second (axial) cervical vertebra joint articulation, the atlantoaxial joint...
August 15, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30072363/effect-of-a-1-week-intense-myofunctional-training-on-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#7
Magnus von Lukowicz, Nina Herzog, Sebastian Ruthardt, Mirja Quante, Gabriele Iven, Christian F Poets
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is common in children with Down syndrome (DS), yet difficult to treat. As muscular hypotonia of the upper airway may cause OSA and is also common in DS, we tested whether intense myofunctional therapy improves OSA in children with DS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-two children underwent cardiorespiratory sleep studies immediately before and after a 1-week intensive training camp consisting of three daily 45 min sessions of myofunctional exercises according to Padovan...
August 2, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063159/a-specific-protocol-of-myo-functional-therapy-in-children-with-down-syndrome-a-pilot-study
#8
S Saccomanno, C Martini, L D'Alatri, S Farina, C Grippaudo
In this article the authors propose a specific myofunctional therapy protocol for children with Down syndrome. For these patients, who usually present with atypical swallowing problems, mouth breathing and lip incompetence, the use of a myofunctional therapy protocol with specific exercises has been shown to improve orofacial and nasal functions. In addition to the functional results, such as the correction of the atypical swallowing, restoration of lip competence, breathing improvement and reduction of nasal rhinorrhea, there were also aesthetic results...
September 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930988/remote-exercise-for-adults-with-down-syndrome
#9
Lauren T Ptomey, Amanda N Szabo, Erik A Willis, J Leon Greene, Jessica C Danon, Richard A Washburn, Daniel E Forsha, Joseph E Donnelly
Purpose: Adults with Down syndrome are less physically active than their typically developed peers. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of delivering moderate-to- vigorous exercise sessions, led by a trained health educator using real-time video conferencing, to groups of young adults with Down syndrome in their homes. Methods: Participants were randomized to 30-minute group exercise sessions either 1 or 2 times a week delivered on an iPad mini tablet computer using the Zoom video conferencing application, and were asked to attend individual support/education sessions once a week using FaceTime® on the iPad, for 12 weeks...
April 15, 2018: Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888581/-acupuncture-treatment-of-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-patients-with-abdominal-obesity-by-regulating-dai-meridian-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#10
Ling-Yu Shen, Cui-Mei Liang, Wen-Jin Yang, Liang Pan, Hua Li, Hui Hu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the therapeutic effect of acupuncture in the treatment of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) patients with abdominal obesity by regulating glucose metabolism, insulin resistance, sex hormones, etc. METHODS: Eligible PCOS volunteers were randomly divided into treatment group( n =30) and control group( n =28). The treatment group received acupuncture therapy three times a week combined with diet control and exercise. EA (2 Hz/100 Hz, 4-8 mA) was applied to bilateral Daimai (GB 26)and Tianshu (ST 25) for 20 min/time, and bilateral Daheng (SP 15), Shenshu (BL 23), Ciliao (BL 32), Guilai (ST 29), Zulinqi (GB 41) and Waiguan (SJ 5) were stimulated with filiform needles, with the needles retained for 20 min...
April 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713339/exercise-intervention-associated-with-cognitive-improvement-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#11
REVIEW
Meng Ying Cui, Yang Lin, Ji Yao Sheng, Xuewen Zhang, Ran Ji Cui
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease with the syndrome of cognitive and functional decline. Pharmacotherapy has always been in a dominant position for the treatment of AD. However, in most cases, drug therapy is accompanied with clinical delays when older adults have suffered from cognitive decline in episodic memory, working memory, and executive function. On the other hand, accumulating evidence suggests that exercise intervention may ameliorate the progression of cognitive impairment in aging ones while the standard strategy is lacking based on different levels of cognitive decline especially in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and AD...
2018: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573317/oxygen-uptake-efficiency-slope-during-exercise-in-adults-with-down-syndrome
#12
Goncalo V Mendonca, Afonso Borges, Sang O Wee, Bo Fernhall
BACKGROUND: Persons with Down syndrome (DS) have low aerobic exercise capacity. The present authors sought to compare the oxygen uptake efficiency slope (OUES) between adults with and without DS performing graded exercise testing (GXT) and to investigate its relationship with peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak ) in both groups of participants. METHOD: Twenty-three participants with DS and 24 non-disabled controls performed GXT with VO2 measurements. OUES was calculated from data of the first 75%, 90% and 100% GXT time...
September 2018: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554987/impact-of-medication-on-protein-and-amino-acid-metabolism-in-the-elderly-the-sulfur-amino-acid-and-paracetamol-case
#13
Carole Mast, Dominique Dardevet, Isabelle Papet
The optimisation of nutritional support for the growing number of older individuals does not usually take into account medication. Paracetamol (acetaminophen; APAP) is the first intention treatment of chronic pain that is highly prevalent and persistent in the elderly. Detoxification of APAP occurs in the liver and utilises sulfate and glutathione (GSH), both of which are issued from cysteine (Cys), a conditionally indispensable amino acid. The detoxification-induced siphoning of Cys could reduce the availability of Cys for skeletal muscle...
March 20, 2018: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536504/respiratory-morbidity-in-rett-syndrome-an-observational-study
#14
Jessica MacKay, Helen Leonard, Kingsley Wong, Andrew Wilson, Jenny Downs
AIM: Respiratory illness is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Rett syndrome. This study investigated respiratory morbidity and relationships with age, mutation type, feeding, and walking status. METHOD: Families registered with the InterRett database (n=399) provided data on the health of their child with Rett syndrome (age 2-57y). Hospital admissions because of lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) over a 5-year exposure period were investigated by age, mutation type, enteral feeding, and walking status...
September 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501470/changes-in-cognitive-function-after-a-12-week-exercise-intervention-in-adults-with-down-syndrome
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Lauren T Ptomey, Amanda N Szabo, Erik A Willis, Anna M Gorczyca, J Leon Greene, Jessica C Danon, Joseph E Donnelly
BACKGROUND: Between 250,000 and 400,000 individuals in the United States are diagnosed with Down syndrome (DS). Nearly all adults with DS will develop Alzheimer's disease pathology starting in their thirties. Recent studies suggest that increased physical activity (PA) may be important for maintaining components of cognition, including memory. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes in cognitive function after completion of a 12-week exercise intervention in adults with DS...
July 2018: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484778/walking-performance-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-down-syndrome-the-role-of-obesity-and-sleep-problems
#16
C-C J J Chen, S D R Ringenbach
BACKGROUND: High prevalence of obesity and features of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are major health issues in individuals with Down syndrome (DS), and both may also affect adversely on their daily activities. Further, lower levels of physical work capacity (PWC) have been reported in this population compared to their peers with intellectual disabilities. However, no study examines the relationships between obesity and sleep problems with PWC in individuals with DS. Thus, this study investigated the influence of body mass index (BMI) and different types of sleep problems on PWC in adolescents and young adults with DS (14-31 years)...
April 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468933/endocrinology-and-pediatric-exercise-science-the-year-that-was-2017
#17
COMMENT
Alon Eliakim
The Pediatric Exercise Science "Year That Was" section aims to highlight the most important (to the author's opinion) manuscripts that were published in 2017 in the field of endocrinology and pediatric exercise science. This year's selection includes studies showing that 1) in pubertal swimmers, there is a decrease in insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-I) and IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) during intense training (a catabolic-type hormonal response) with an anabolic "rebound" characterized by a significant increase of these growth factors during training tapering down...
February 1, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461969/toll-like-receptor-expression-induced-by-exercise-in-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Isabel Rada, Louise Deldicque, Marc Francaux, Hermann Zbinden-Foncea
BACKGROUND: Obesity and metabolic syndrome are disorders that correlate with the activation of pro-inflammatory pathways and cytokine production, to which Toll like receptors (TLR) contribute. Exercise may act as an anti-inflammatory modulator, but there is no consensus about the role of the TLR in this tuning. The present styudy aims to systematically review the current evidence on exercise-induced TLR regulation in animals and humans suffering from obesity and metabolic syndrome. METHODS: Pubmed and Scopus databases were searched for publications from 1990 to September 2015...
2018: Exercise Immunology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343130/a-community-based-exercise-program-to-increase-participation-in-physical-activities-among-youth-with-disability-a-feasibility-study
#19
Nora Shields, Roos van den Bos, Kirsty Buhlert-Smith, Luke Prendergast, Nicholas Taylor
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of a student-mentored community-based exercise program for youth with disability. METHOD: Nineteen youth (nine female; mean age 18 years) with disability (seven cerebral palsy, six Down syndrome, three spina bifida, two autism spectrum disorder, one spinal cord injury) were recruited. Each participant was matched with a student mentor and exercised twice a week for 12 weeks at their local gymnasium. Five domains of feasibility were assessed: demand, implementation, practicality, limited efficacy testing, and acceptability...
January 17, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330572/effects-of-whole-body-vibration-on-muscle-strength-bone-mineral-content-and-density-and-balance-and-body-composition-of-children-and-adolescents-with-down-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
M B Saquetto, F F Pereira, R S Queiroz, C M da Silva, C S Conceição, M Gomes Neto
The aim of this study is to verify the effects of whole-body vibration (WBV) training on the muscle strength of children and adolescents with Down syndrome. We searched MEDLINE, Cochrane, SciELO, Lilacs and PUBMED databases and included manual searches to identify randomised controlled trials to investigate the effects of WBV on the structure and body function of children and adolescents with Down syndrome. Two reviewers independently selected the studies and performed statistical analysis. In total, five studies with 171 patients that compared WBV with exercise and/or control were included...
March 2018: Osteoporosis International
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