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Breast awareness

Eunjung Kim, M Robyn Andersen, Leanna J Standish
OBJECTIVES: To compare the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of women who did (receivers, n = 372) and did not (intentional nonreceivers, n = 46) receive all recommended adjuvant treatments for breast cancer. SAMPLE & SETTING: Women were recruited through integrative oncology clinics and the Cancer Surveillance System registry in western Washington. METHODS & VARIABLES: A cross-sectional and correlational study using secondary data was conducted...
January 13, 2019: Oncology Nursing Forum
Carmen van Dooijeweert, Paul J van Diest, Stefan M Willems, Chantal C H J Kuijpers, Lucy I H Overbeek, Ivette A G Deckers
PURPOSE: A considerable part of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) lesions may never progress into invasive breast cancer. However, standard treatment consists of surgical excision. Trials aim to identify a subgroup of low-risk DCIS patients that can safely forgo surgical treatment based on histologic grade, which highlights the importance of accurate grading. Using real-life nationwide data, we aimed to create insight and awareness in grading variation of DCIS in daily clinical practice...
December 11, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Chidinma Anakwenze, Rohini Bhatia, William Rate, Lame Bakwenabatsile, Kebatshabile Ngoni, Sarah Rayne, Preet Dhillon, Mohan Narasimhamurthy, Ari Ho-Foster, Doreen Ramogola-Masire, Surbhi Grover
PURPOSE: Botswana, a country with a high prevalence of HIV, has an increasing incidence of cancer-related mortality in the post-antiretroviral therapy era. Despite universal access to free health care, the majority of Botswana patients with cancer present at advanced stages. This study was designed to explore the factors related to advanced-stage cancer presentation in Botswana. METHODS: Patients attending an oncology clinic between December 2015 and January 2017 at Princess Marina Hospital in Gaborone, Botswana, completed a questionnaire on sociodemographic and clinical factors as well as cancer-related fears, attitudes, beliefs, and stigma...
December 2018: Journal of Global Oncology
M R Sánchez Pérez, M J Sánchez Pérez, J A Lorente Acosta, E Bayo Lozano, J Mancera Romero
AIMS: To assess the knowledge and attitude among general practitioners in Andalusia on the identification of subjects with elevated risk for breast cancer, colorectal cancer, and hereditary cancers, as well as to detect barriers to accessibility to the screening programs. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted based on an online survey of 24 questions. Data are shown as frequencies, and association tests were statistically used. The level of significance was set at<...
October 24, 2018: Semergen
Christopher Tufts, Daniel Polsky, Kevin G Volpp, Peter W Groeneveld, Lyle Ungar, Raina M Merchant, Arthur P Pelullo
BACKGROUND: Tweets can provide broad, real-time perspectives about health and medical diagnoses that can inform disease surveillance in geographic regions. Less is known, however, about how much individuals post about common health conditions or what they post about. OBJECTIVE: We sought to collect and analyze tweets from 1 state about high prevalence health conditions and characterize the tweet volume and content. METHODS: We collected 408,296,620 tweets originating in Pennsylvania from 2012-2015 and compared the prevalence of 14 common diseases to the frequency of disease mentions on Twitter...
December 6, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
Ayse Cal, Mukerrem Kabatas Yildiz, Ilknur Aydin Avci
Introduction: Breast cancer is a common problem and it is important to understand the beliefs that increase awareness of breast cancer and guide early diagnosis behaviors. This research is planned to examine the knowledge and fear levels of breast cancer along with the spiritual characteristics of nurses. Methods: This is a descriptive type research. The domain of the research consists of women nurses working in Health Sciences University Samsun Education and Research Hospital. Sampling was not undertaken, rather 327 nurses who were on duty between January and May of 2016 and were willing to cooperate were incorporated into the study...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Barbara Willems, Piet Bracke
BACKGROUND: We investigate whether the extent of educational inequalities in the use of Pap smears (cervical cancer screening) and mammograms (breast cancer screening) in Belgium has changed over time in accordance with the pattern predicted by diffusion of innovation theory, as well as how the regional cancer screening policies of Flanders and Wallonia influence this pattern. METHODS: Data were obtained from five successive cross-sectional waves (1997-2001-2004-2008-2013) of the Belgian Health Interview Survey...
December 4, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Konrad Sarosiek, G Patrick Maxwell, Jacob G Unger
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After reviewing the article, the participant should be able to: 1. Understand the tenets of proper patient selection. 2. Be familiar with the assessment of patients for augmentation-mastopexy. 3. Be able to plan an operative approach and execute the critical steps. 4. Be able to recognize common complications and have a basic understanding of their management. 5. Be aware of emerging adjunctive techniques and technologies with respect to augmentation-mastopexy. SUMMARY: Despite being a multivariable and complex procedure, augmentation-mastopexy remains a central and pivotal component of the treatment algorithm for ptotic and deflated breasts among plastic surgeons...
November 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Wahida Chakari, Filip Rangatchew, Jørgen Hesselfeldt
Breast abnormalities in women are common and may have physical as well as psychological consequences. Many of the conditions can be treated surgically. It is important, that the patients are correctly diagnosed and referred to the appropriate department for further evaluation and treatment. This review discusses the most common breast abnormalities to ensure awareness among general practitioners and correct referral for treatment.
November 19, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Masoomeh Latifi, Nader Alishan Karami, Mozhdeh Beiraghdar, Fatemeh Maraki, Leili Allahbakhshian Farsani
Background: Women with breast cancer experience various challenges. Prescription of health information provides appropriate information at appropriate time to the appropriate person and plays a role in empowering self-care and improving health. The current research aims to evaluate the effect of health information prescription on self-care power of women with breast cancer. Materials and Methods: This semi-experimental quantitative study was done using pretest and posttest method in one group of 61 women with breast cancer selected from the Women's Cancer Center of Khatamolanbia Hospital using purposive sampling method...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Amen Bawazir, Najla Bashateh, Hoda Jradi, Ahlam Bin Breik
INTRODUCTION: Women with from breast cancer often present to health care facilities with an advanced stage of disease. This study assessed the breast cancer screening awareness and practices among women presenting to primary health care centers in the Ghail-Bawazir district of Yemen. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out from November 1, 2016 through January 31, 2017. A total of 317 women who attended primary health care centers in the Ghail-Bawazir district during the study period were randomly selected for inclusion in the study...
September 20, 2018: Clinical Breast Cancer
Dinah Wan, Rod J Rohrich
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After reading this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Develop a practical method for preoperative implant size selection. 2. List characteristics and examples of fourth- and fifth-generation silicone implants. 3. Recognize the differences in "profile" designations across implant manufacturers. 4. Recall updated statistics on breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma and describe current guidelines on disease diagnosis and treatment...
December 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Maija Reblin, Monica L Kasting, Kelli Nam, Courtney L Scherr, Jongphil Kim, Ram Thapa, Cathy D Meade, M Catherine Lee, Tuya Pal, Gwendolyn P Quinn, Susan T Vadaparampil
We used the Health Belief Model (HBM) to explore factors associated with readiness for genetic counseling among breast cancer survivors. Breast cancer survivors meeting NCCN genetic counseling referral criteria completed questionnaires capturing demographic and clinical information and factors guided by the HBM, including health beliefs, psychosocial variables, and cues to action. Using logistic regression, we examined whether the above variables differed based on readiness group (pre-contemplators, who did not plan to make a genetic counseling appointment, and contemplators, who planned to make a genetic counseling appointment in the next 1-6 months)...
November 28, 2018: Breast Journal
Muhammed Zübeyr Üçüncü, Merve Müge Üçüncü, Dilek Toprak
Background: Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among women in Turkey and worldwide, and is ranked as the second-leading cause of death in women after lung cancer. Early diagnosis of breast cancer is possible, and breast cancer is included in cancer-screening programs in Turkey. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and behaviour of young women (older than 20 years of age) on breast self-examination and breast cancer screening methods, and to determine the effect of sociodemographic characteristics...
November 29, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
N Rajbongshi, D C Nath, L B Mahanta
Background: Awareness is the primary means to control breast cancer occurrence. The purpose of the present work is to study the risk of breast cancer occurrence in different age group, for the study area, Assam, India, by means of survival analysis techniques. Methods: Survival and hazard functions are key concepts in survival analysis for describing the distribution of event times. In the present research a new individialized model has been proposed for cumulative hazard function, taking gamma probability distribution as probability distribution of breast cancer occurrences...
November 28, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Tingting Yang, Yan Qiao, Siyun Xiang, Wenzhen Li, Yong Gan, Yongchun Chen
Epidemiological studies have explored the relationship between work stress and the risk of cancer, but it remains unclear on whether work stress could increase the risk of cancer, or by other factors such as smoking and physical activity. This study aimed to investigate the association between work stress and the risk of cancer and in relation to major potential confounding and modifying factors. We systematically searched three electronic databases, hand-searched references and citations of retrieved articles, and consulted experts to identify studies on assessing the association between work stress and the risk of cancer...
November 28, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Jess Hatfield, Shearwood McClelland, Jia Luo, Catherine Degnin, Yiyi Chen, Ronald J Maggiore, Timur Mitin
INTRODUCTION: Primary breast angiosarcoma is a rare malignancy with no clinical trials to guide management. The current use of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy among North American oncologists is unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An institutional review board-approved anonymous electronic survey was distributed to 9660 practicing North American radiation and medical oncologists. Questions pertained to treatment recommendations for localized nonmetastatic primary breast angiosarcoma, as well as knowledge/use of β-blockers in angiosarcoma...
September 29, 2018: Clinical Breast Cancer
Mark T Mills, Stephen B Wharton, Daniel J Connolly, Showkat Mirza, Saurabh Sinha
A 65 year-old lady with metastatic breast cancer presented with pituitary apoplexy. Following surgery, histopathology confirmed metastatic breast carcinoma into a gonadotroph cell adenoma of the pituitary. Tumours that metastasise to a normal pituitary gland are unusual. More so, such neoplasm-to-neoplasm metastasis is extremely rare. This is, as far as we are aware, the first description of a metastasis into a gonadotroph cell pituitary adenoma presenting as apoplexy.
November 26, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Danielle A Henry, Marie C Lee, Deanna Almanza, Kamran A Ahmed, Weihong Sun, David C Boulware, Christine Laronga
PURPOSE: Awareness of inherited breast cancer has increased bilateral prophylactic mastectomy (BPM) among unaffected genetic mutation carriers, yet many still choose surveillance. We aimed to identify differences among women electing BPM vs high-risk surveillance. METHODS: Participants from an IRB-approved database recruited from 11/2000 to 01/2017 with a deleterious/pathogenic, variant suspected deleterious, or likely pathogenic mutation in ≥ 1 of 11 genes with increased risk for breast cancer (per 2017 NCCN guidelines) were identified...
November 24, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Kenechukwu K Iloh, Chidiebere DI Osuorah, Ikenna K Ndu, Isaac N Asinobi, Ijeoma N Obumneme-Anyim, Chijioke E Ezeudu, Ukoha M Oluchi, Onyinye U Anyanwu, Uchenna Ekwochi, Christian C Ogoke, Adaeze C Ayuk, Herbert U Obu
Background: Due to the health and economic benefits of breast milk, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that for infants who cannot receive breast milk from their own mothers, the next preferred option is donated breast milk. This recommendation is however rarely practiced in most developing countries where donor milk is not widely accepted. Methods: This cross-sectional multi-center study enrolled mothers attending antenatal or pediatric clinics in six tertiary institution in south-east Nigeria using purposive and convenient sampling method...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
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