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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434418/beliefs-and-attitudes-towards-the-influenza-vaccine-in-high-risk-individuals
#1
A J Santos, I Kislaya, A Machado, B Nunes
Societal and economic impact of influenza is mainly due to influenza infection of specific groups, who are at higher risk of health complications leading up to hospitalisation or death. In this study we applied the health belief model (HBM) to evaluate beliefs and attitudes towards influenza disease and vaccine in community-dwelling high-risk individuals (aged 65 or more or having a chronic disease). We conducted a mixed-method study using data collected through a telephone survey of a household unit sample...
April 24, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433706/global-perspectives-on-maternal-immunisation
#2
Ajoke Sobanjo-Ter Meulen, Sharon Bergquist, Keith P Klugman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433705/maternal-immunisation-collaborating-with-mother-nature
#3
REVIEW
Arnaud Marchant, Manish Sadarangani, Mathieu Garand, Nicolas Dauby, Valerie Verhasselt, Lenore Pereira, Gordean Bjornson, Christine E Jones, Scott A Halperin, Kathryn M Edwards, Paul Heath, Peter J Openshaw, David W Scheifele, Tobias R Kollmann
Maternal immunisation has the potential to substantially reduce morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases after birth. The success of tetanus, influenza, and pertussis immunisation during pregnancy has led to consideration of additional maternal immunisation strategies to prevent group B streptococcus and respiratory syncytial virus infections, among others. However, many gaps in knowledge regarding the immunobiology of maternal immunisation prevent the optimal design and application of this successful public health intervention...
April 19, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433704/pertussis-and-influenza-immunisation-during-pregnancy-a-landscape-review
#4
REVIEW
Bahaa Abu Raya, Kathryn M Edwards, David W Scheifele, Scott A Halperin
Immunisation during pregnancy is a relatively new strategy, and is currently limited to tetanus, pertussis, and influenza vaccines. None of these vaccines were developed specifically for use in pregnancy, but they provide an effective method of protecting mothers and young infants. In response to increases in pertussis morbidity and mortality among young infants, several countries have recommended universal tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis immunisation during pregnancy. Similarly, many countries recommend influenza immunisation during pregnancy to reduce the risk of disease for mother and infant...
April 19, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433702/group-b-streptococcus-and-respiratory-syncytial-virus-immunisation-during-pregnancy-a-landscape-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Paul T Heath, Fiona J Culley, Christine E Jones, Beate Kampmann, Kirsty Le Doare, Marta C Nunes, Manish Sadarangani, Zain Chaudhry, Carol J Baker, Peter J M Openshaw
Group B streptococcus and respiratory syncytial virus are leading causes of infant morbidity and mortality worldwide. No licensed vaccines are available for either disease, but vaccines for both are under development. Severe respiratory syncytial virus disease can be prevented by passively administered antibody. The presence of maternal IgG antibody specific to respiratory syncytial virus is associated with reduced prevalence and severity of respiratory syncytial virus disease in the first few weeks of life, whereas maternal serotype-specific anticapsular antibody is associated with protection against both early-onset and late-onset group B streptococcus disease...
April 19, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430397/respiratory-virus-detection-during-hospitalisation-for-lower-respiratory-tract-infection-in-children-under-2-years-in-south-auckland-new-zealand
#6
Adrian A Trenholme, Emma J Best, Alison M Vogel, Joanna M Stewart, Charissa J Miller, Diana R Lennon
AIM: To describe respiratory virus detection in children under 2 years of age in a population admitted with lower respiratory infection and to assess correlation with measures of severity. METHODS: Nasopharyngeal aspirates from infants admitted with lower respiratory tract infection (n = 1645) over a 3-year time period were tested by polymerase chain reaction. We collected epidemiological and clinical data on all children. We assessed the correlation of presence of virus with length of hospital stay, intensive care admission and consolidation on chest X-ray...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421996/obesity-does-not-diminish-the-efficacy-of-il-6-signalling-blockade-in-mice-with-collagen-induced-arthritis
#7
Miho Suzuki, Keisuke Tanaka, Hiroto Yoshida, Kenji Yogo, Yoshihiro Matsumoto
OBJECTIVES: Obese rheumatoid arthritis patients often have higher disease activity and a poorer response to treatment than do non-obese patients. The present study aims to clarify the influence of obesity on the action of IL-6 and to evaluate the efficacy of IL-6 signalling blockade in arthritis with obesity. METHODS: Mice were fed a high-fat diet for 5 weeks, and the influence of this diet on macrophages and type II collagen-induced arthritis was investigated. RESULTS: The mice fed the high-fat diet showed greater expression of macrophage marker F4/80, not only in subcutaneous fat but also in knee synovium and the calcaneal region, than did the mice fed a normal diet...
April 18, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417321/adjuvanted-as03-a-h1n1-2009-pandemic-influenza-vaccines-and-solid-organ-transplant-rejection-systematic-signal-evaluation-and-lessons-learnt
#8
Gaël Dos Santos, Harry A Seifert, Vincent Bauchau, Vivek Shinde, Dominique M Barbeau, Catherine Cohet
INTRODUCTION: We investigated a signal of solid organ transplant (SOT) rejection after immunisation with (AS03) A/H1N1 2009 pandemic influenza vaccines. METHODS: Potential immunological mechanisms were reviewed and quantitative analyses were conducted. The feasibility of pharmacoepidemiological studies was explored. RESULTS: Overall results, including data from a pharmacoepidemiological study, support the safety of adjuvanted (AS03) pandemic influenza vaccination in SOT recipients...
April 17, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410814/the-effects-of-convenience-and-quality-on-the-demand-for-vaccination-results-from-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#9
Na Guo, Guojie Zhang, Dawei Zhu, Jian Wang, Luwen Shi
BACKGROUND: Vaccination is an effective way to prevent infectious diseases. Most studies analysed people's vaccine decisions, but few studies have analysed the effects of convenience such as immunisation schedule and distance and the quality of vaccination service on vaccination uptake. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to investigate adults' preferences for convenience and quality of vaccination service, calculate the private economic benefit from convenience (vaccination schedule and distance) and quality, and predict the uptake rate for different vaccine scenarios...
April 12, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408119/ecological-validity-of-cost-effectiveness-models-of-universal-hpv-vaccination-a-systematic-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Giampiero Favato, Tania Easton, Riccardo Vecchiato, Emmanouil Noikokyris
BACKGROUND: The protective (herd) effect of the selective vaccination of pubertal girls against human papillomavirus (HPV) implies a high probability that one of the two partners involved in intercourse is immunised, hence preventing the other from this sexually transmitted infection. The dynamic transmission models used to inform immunisation policy should include consideration of sexual behaviours and population mixing in order to demonstrate an ecological validity, whereby the scenarios modelled remain faithful to the real-life social and cultural context...
May 9, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403765/the-australasian-society-for-infectious-diseases-and-refugee-health-network-of-australia-recommendations-for-health-assessment-for-people-from-refugee-like-backgrounds-an-abridged-outline
#11
Nadia J Chaves, Georgia A Paxton, Beverley-Ann Biggs, Aesen Thambiran, Joanne Gardiner, Jan Williams, Mitchell M Smith, Joshua S Davis
In 2009, the Australasian Society of Infectious Diseases published guidelines on the post-arrival health assessment of recently arrived refugees. Since then, the number of refugees and asylum seekers reaching Australia has increased substantially (17 555 refugees in 2015-16) and the countries of origin have changed. These groups are likely to have had poor access to health care pre-arrival and, consequently, are at risk of a range of chronic and infectious diseases. We established an advisory group that included infectious diseases physicians, general practitioners, public health specialists, paediatricians and refugee health nurses to update the 2009 guidelines...
April 17, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396729/individualism-and-social-solidarity-in-vaccination-policy-some-further-considerations
#12
EDITORIAL
Fiona M Sim
This commentary, in response to the paper by Boas et al [IJPHR December 2016], considers some of the wider ethical, cultural and practical factors that may influence the official response of a polio-free nation following the identification of introduced wild virus within its borders. It looks at factors influencing vaccine uptake internationally, using examples of nations striving to improve childhood vaccine uptake, the relevance of mandatory versus voluntary immunisation and the role of public education and misinformation...
2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390326/active-safety-monitoring-of-measles-mumps-rubella-vaccine-in-the-national-immunisation-programme-of-sri-lanka
#13
K Sanchayan, R Fernandopulle, A Amarasinghe, S N Thiyahiny, S Sri Ranganathan
Objectives: This study was designed to report incidence and characteristics of selected adverse events following immunisation which have consistent causal association (AEFIc) with Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR) vaccination given at the age of one year in the National Immunisation Programme of Sri Lanka. Methods: The data presented here were obtained from a cohort event monitoring study. It was carried out in the Jaffna Regional Directorate of Health Services area from November 2012 to December 2014...
March 31, 2017: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389483/epidemiology-of-rubella-infection-in-cameroon-a-7-year-experience-of-measles-and-rubella-case-based-surveillance-2008-2014
#14
Marcellin Nimpa Mengouo, Valantine Ngum Ndze, Frangy Baonga, Marie Kobela, Charles Shey Wiysonge
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the proportion of rubella disease in a measles case-based surveillance in Cameroon prior to rubella vaccine introduction into the national immunisation programme. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study for rubella infection in Cameroon for the period 2008 to 2014. SETTING: Patients suspected with measles from the 10 regions of Cameroon were recruited according to the WHO measles case definition and were tested for rubella IgM antibodies accompanied with the case report/investigation forms...
April 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389344/emergency-transfusion-of-patients-with-unknown-blood-type-with-blood-group-o-rhesus-d-positive-red-blood-cell-concentrates-a-prospective-single-centre-observational-study
#15
Kathleen Selleng, Gregor Jenichen, Kathrin Denker, Sixten Selleng, Bernd Müllejans, Andreas Greinacher
BACKGROUND: Emergency patients with unknown blood type usually receive O Rhesus D negative (RhD-) red blood cell concentrates until their blood group is determined to prevent RhD+ related adverse transfusion reactions. As 85% of individuals are RhD+, this consumption of O RhD- red blood cell concentrates contributes to shortages of O RhD- red blood cell concentrates, sometimes forcing transfusion of known RhD- patients with RhD+ red blood cell concentrates. Here we report the outcome of this transfusion policy transfusing all emergency patients with unknown blood type with O RhD+ red blood cell concentrates...
April 4, 2017: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385143/australian-childhood-immunisation-coverage-1-july-2015-and-30-june-2016-cohort-assessed-as-at-30-september-2016
#16
Alexandra J Hendry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385140/immunisation-coverage-annual-report-2014
#17
Brynley P Hull, Alexandra J Hendry, Aditi Dey, Frank H Beard, Julia M Brotherton, Peter B McIntyre
This 8th annual immunisation coverage report shows data for 2014 derived from the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register and the National Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Program Register. This report includes coverage data for 'fully immunised' and by individual vaccines at standard age milestones and timeliness of receipt at earlier ages according to Indigenous status. Overall, 'fully immunised' coverage has been mostly stable at the 12- and 24-month age milestones since late 2003, but at 60 months of age, it has increased by more than 10 percentage points since 2009...
March 31, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385137/evaluation-of-bacille-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-immunisation-programs-in-australia
#18
Gulam Khandaker, Frank H Beard, Aditi Dey, Chris Coulter, Alexandra J Hendry, Kristine K Macartney
bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) immunisation programs in Australia are funded and operated by the individual states and territories. In recent years BCG vaccine shortages have required use of unregistered products. We aimed to evaluate BCG immunisation programs in Australia, with particular reference to program implementation and national consistency.
 Methods: Between September and November 2015, 12 key stakeholders, representing Australian states and territories, completed surveys. We analysed BCG vaccination coverage data from the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register (ACIR), and data on adverse events following immunisation (AEFI) with BCG vaccine from the Therapeutic Goods Administration's Adverse Drug Reactions System, for 2001 to 2014...
March 31, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382715/platelet-donor-selection-for-hla-immunised-patients-the-impact-of-donor-specific-hla-antibody-levels
#19
T Linjama, R Niittyvuopio, J Tuimala, M Pyörälä, H Rintala, J Rimpiläinen, M Kauppila, J Peräsaari, E Juvonen
BACKGROUND: Approximately 20% of patients with a recurrently poor platelet transfusion increment show human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alloantibodies. The aim of this study was to analyse the impact of mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) levels of donor-specific HLA antibodies and the feasibility of the HLAMatchmaker algorithm in donor selection. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 270 HLA-typed platelet transfusion responses of 40 patients were included in the study...
April 6, 2017: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381345/vaccination-recommendations-for-the-adult-immunosuppressed-patient-a-systematic-review-and-comprehensive-field-synopsis
#20
REVIEW
Anthony Lopez, Xavier Mariette, Hervé Bachelez, Alexandre Belot, Bernard Bonnotte, Eric Hachulla, Morad Lahfa, Olivier Lortholary, Pierre Loulergue, Stéphane Paul, Xavier Roblin, Jean Sibilia, Mariela Blum, Silvio Danese, Stefanos Bonovas, Laurent Peyrin-Biroulet
BACKGROUND: Immunosuppressed patients are at risk of severe viral infections-related complications. National and international vaccination guidelines have been developed to decrease the mortality risk associated with these infections. However, a summary of these guidelines and the value of immunisation in this population is missing. OBJECTIVES: To summarize specific guidelines regarding vaccination in immunosuppressed patients. METHODS: We performed a literature search based on last update vaccine guidelines in immunosuppressed adult patients published between 1/1/2005-1/31/2016 in English or French language using PubMed, Cochrane and Embase, as well as relevant medical society websites...
April 2, 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
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