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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109194/family-health-strategy-and-equity-in-prenatal-care-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-minas-gerais-brazil
#1
Mônica Viegas Andrade, Kenya Valéria Micaela de Souza Noronha, Allan Claudius Queiroz Barbosa, Michelle Nepomuceno Souza, Júlia Almeida Calazans, Lucas Resende de Carvalho, Thiago Augusto Hernandes Rocha, Núbia Cristina Silva
BACKGROUND: Prenatal care coverage is still not universal or adequately provided in many low and middle income countries. One of the main barriers regards the presence of socioeconomic inequalities in prenatal care utilization. In Brazil, prenatal care is supplied for the entire population at the community level as part of the Family Health Strategy (FHS), which is the main source of primary care provided by the public health system. Brazil has some of the greatest income inequalities in the world, and little research has been conducted to investigate prenatal care utilization of FHS across socioeconomic groups...
January 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108879/patterns-of-social-affiliations-and-healthcare-engagement-among-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#2
Rachel L Behler, Benjamin T Cornwell, John A Schneider
Little work has examined how individuals' social affiliations-the venues in which they meet friends and engage in informal social interaction-influence their engagement with public health services. We investigate how links to these local places shape access to information and exposure to health-seeking behavior. Using longitudinal data from a respondent-driven sample of 618 young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) in Chicago, we identify different sets of social venues that connect YBMSM. We then examine how YBMSM's connections within this network influence their receipt of HIV prevention and treatment services and knowledge of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)...
January 21, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108873/does-employment-related-resilience-affect-the-relationship-between-childhood-adversity-community-violence-and-depression
#3
Seth L Welles, Falguni Patel, Mariana Chilton
Depression is a barrier to employment among low-income caregivers receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), and adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and exposure to community violence (ECV) are often associated with depression. Using baseline data of 103 TANF caregivers of young children of the Building Wealth and Health Network Randomized Controlled Trial Pilot, this study investigated associations of two forms of employment-related resilience-self-efficacy and employment hope-with exposure to adversity/violence and depression, measured by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) short form...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108781/potentially-inappropriate-medications-predictor-for-mortality-in-a-cohort-of-community-dwelling-older-adults
#4
Mariana Martins Gonzaga do Nascimento, Juliana Vaz de Melo Mambrini, Maria Fernanda Lima-Costa, Josélia Oliveira Araújo Firmo, Sérgio William Viana Peixoto, Antônio Ignácio de Loyola Filho
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to investigate whether the potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use is a predictor for mortality in a community-based population of older adults. METHODS: A cohort study was performed between January 1, 1997, and December 31, 2011, based on data from a representative sample of the population aged 60 years or older living in Bambuí, Brazil. Univariate and multivariate analyses of the association between the variable of interest (use of PIM or pharmacological groups of PIM) and mortality were based on the extended Cox model for proportional hazards...
January 20, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108719/applying-community-health-principles-to-veterinary-practice
#5
E Hohn, A Nell
Primary healthcare is the preferred approach to addressing human health problems and reducing the costs of healthcare in communities. ERWIN HOHN: and ADI NELL: believe that these principles should also be applied to animal healthcare systems.
January 21, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108464/lower-extremity-peripheral-artery-disease-and-quality-of-life-among-older-individuals-in-the-community
#6
Aozhou Wu, Josef Coresh, Elizabeth Selvin, Hirofumi Tanaka, Gerardo Heiss, Alan T Hirsch, Bernard G Jaar, Kunihiro Matsushita
BACKGROUND: Evidence regarding the association of lower extremity peripheral arterial disease with quality of life (QOL) is mainly from selected clinical populations or relatively small clinical cohorts. Thus, we investigated this association in community-derived populations. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using data of 5115 participants aged 66 to 90 years from visit 5 (2011-2013) of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study, we quantified the associations of ankle-brachial index (ABI) with several QOL parameters, including 12-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12), after accounting for potential confounders using linear and logistic regression models...
January 20, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108189/the-longitudinal-impact-of-an-internet-safety-decision-aid-for-abused-women
#7
Nancy E Glass, Nancy A Perrin, Ginger C Hanson, Tina L Bloom, Jill T Messing, Amber S Clough, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Andrea C Gielen, James Case, Karen B Eden
INTRODUCTION: Women experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) navigate complex, dangerous decisions. Tailored safety information and safety planning, typically provided by domestic violence service providers, can prevent repeat IPV exposure and associated adverse health outcomes; however, few abused women access these services. The Internet represents a potentially innovative way to connect abused women with tailored safety planning resources and information. The purpose of this study was to compare safety and mental health outcomes at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months among abused women randomized to: (1) a tailored, Internet-based safety decision aid; or (2) control website (typical safety information available online)...
January 17, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108088/meeting-the-needs-of-sexual-and-gender-minority-youth-formative-research-on-potential-digital-health-interventions
#8
Jessica Steinke, Meredith Root-Bowman, Sherry Estabrook, Deborah S Levine, Leslie M Kantor
PURPOSE: Sexual and gender minority youth (SGMY) have unique risk factors and worse health outcomes than their heterosexual and cisgender counterparts. SGMY's significant online activity represents an opportunity for digital interventions. To help meet the sex education and health needs of SGMY and to understand what they consider important, formative research was conducted to guide and inform the development of new digital health interventions. METHODS: Semistructured interviews, in-person focus groups, and online focus groups were conducted with 92 youths (aged 15-19 years) who self-identify as nonheterosexual, noncisgender, questioning, and/or have engaged in same-sex sexual behavior...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108053/graphic-health-warnings-as-activators-of-social-networks-a-field-experiment-among-individuals-of-low-socioeconomic-position
#9
Shoba Ramanadhan, Rebekah H Nagler, Rachel McCloud, Racquel Kohler, Kasisomayajula Viswanath
RATIONALE: Graphic health warnings (GHWs) on cigarette packages present an important tobacco control opportunity, particularly for vulnerable populations suffering a disproportionate tobacco burden. One mechanism by which GHWs may influence smoking outcomes is by prompting interpersonal discussions within health discussion networks (the set of personal contacts with whom an individual discusses health issues). OBJECTIVE: The study examined the association between GHW-prompted conversations within health discussion networks and key tobacco-related outcomes, with attention to valence and content of the discussions...
January 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107796/social-and-structural-factors-related-to-hiv-risk-among-truck-drivers-passing-through-the-iringa-region-of-tanzania
#10
Anjalee Kohli, Deanna Kerrigan, Heena Brahmbhatt, Samuel Likindikoki, Justin Beckham, Ard Mwampashi, Jessie Mbwambo, Caitlin E Kennedy
Truck drivers and their assistants have been identified as groups at higher risk for HIV infection. We sought to identify and describe the social and structural factors that may contribute to HIV risk among truck drivers who visit rest stops in Iringa, Tanzania, a region characterized by high levels of migration and mobility. This analysis was part of a comprehensive strategic assessment to examine HIV risk factors in Iringa. This analysis focuses on 11 in-depth interviews with truck drivers and a transport owner...
January 20, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107693/attrition-among-iranian-nursing-students-a-qualitative-study
#11
Mansoureh Ashghali Farahani, Fatemeh Ghaffari, Fatemeh Oskouie, Mansoureh Zagheri Tafreshi
Attrition is a major challenge facing nursing students that results in substantial costs on the education, health, and treatment systems across countries and can have an unwanted effect on the quality and quantity of health services provided as well as on the health of citizens. This descriptive study investigated nursing students' perceptions toward factors influencing attrition. We conducted a qualitative study using a content analysis approach. Nineteen students enrolled in nursing bachelor program were recruited using purposive and snowball sampling...
January 6, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107680/a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-buprenorphine-for-prisoners-findings-at-12-months-post-release
#12
Michael S Gordon, Timothy W Kinlock, Robert P Schwartz, Kevin E O'Grady, Terrence T Fitzgerald, Frank J Vocci
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether starting buprenorphine treatment prior to prison and after release from prison would be associated with better drug treatment outcomes and whether males and females responded differently to the combination of in-prison treatment and post-release service setting. METHODS: Study design was a 2 (In-Prison Treatment: Condition: Buprenorphine Treatment: vs. Counseling Only)×2 [Post-Release Service Setting Condition: Opioid Treatment: Program (OTP) vs...
January 11, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107532/social-determinants-of-hiv-disparities-in-the-southern-united-states-and-in-counties-with-historically-black-colleges-and-universities-hbcus-2013-2014
#13
Madeline Y Sutton, Simone C Gray, Kim Elmore, Zaneta Gaul
HIV infection disproportionately affects Blacks in the southern United States (U.S.), a region where legal policies that may unintentionally impede earlier HIV detection and treatment are prevalent. Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) have historically facilitated social change in communities of color and have been underexplored as partners for HIV prevention. We describe geographic and social determinants of health (SDH) in the southern U.S. to inform potential HBCU-public health partnerships that might improve HIV health equity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107523/look-into-the-hiv-epidemic-of-gay-community-with-a-socio-cultural-perspective-a-qualitative-study-in-china-2015-2016
#14
Huijing He, Fan Lv, Nanci Nanyi Zhang, Zunyou Wu, Qinghua Liao, Zhanjun Chang, Yi Li, Huifang Xu, Lin OuYang, Xiping Huan, Juan Yang
BACKGROUND: Current Chinese studies continue to view male homosexuality through a disease focused lens which pays limited attention to socio-cultural aspects of sexual behavior and HIV transmission. This qualitative study aimed to investigate how socio-cultural factors influence gay men's sexual beliefs and behaviors in contemporary China, and their implications for HIV epidemic. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Qualitative methodology was used in this study. During 2015-2016, in-depth interviews were conducted with 61 self identified gay men in Jiangxi, Henan, Heilongjiang, Guangdong, Jiangsu provinces and Chongqing municipality of China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107350/maternal-and-newborn-health-in-karnataka-state-india-the-community-level-interventions-for-pre-eclampsia-clip-trial-s-baseline-study-results
#15
Mrutynjaya B Bellad, Marianne Vidler, Narayan V Honnungar, Ashalata Mallapur, Umesh Ramadurg, Umesh Charanthimath, Geetanjali Katageri, Shashidhar Bannale, Avinash Kavi, Chandrashekhar Karadiguddi, Sumedha Sharma, Tang Lee, Jing Li, Beth Payne, Laura Magee, Peter von Dadelszen, Richard Derman, Shivaprasad S Goudar
Existing vital health statistics registries in India have been unable to provide reliable estimates of maternal and newborn mortality and morbidity, and region-specific health estimates are essential to the planning and monitoring of health interventions. This study was designed to assess baseline rates as the precursor to a community-based cluster randomized control trial (cRCT)-Community Level Interventions for Pre-eclampsia (CLIP) Trial (NCT01911494; CTRI/2014/01/004352). The objective was to describe baseline demographics and health outcomes prior to initiation of the CLIP trial and to improve knowledge of population-level health, in particular of maternal and neonatal outcomes related to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, in northern districts the state of Karnataka, India...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107337/e-cigarettes-and-smoking-cessation-a-primer-for-oncology-clinicians
#16
Yanina Zborovskaya
BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarettes 
(e-cigarettes) are a psychosocial phenomenon of the 21st century with serious implications to public and individual health. The significant increase of their popularity and use has raised concerns in the healthcare community regarding their potential benefits and harm, particularly their use as a smoking cessation methodology. 
. OBJECTIVES: Current knowledge is presented about e-cigarettes, including the clinical implications of their use, and associated controversies are analyzed...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107318/culturally-sensitive-care-enlisting-community-partners-to-meet-mexican-american-caregiver-needs
#17
Carolyn Spence Cagle, Jo Nell Wells
BACKGROUND: Culturally sensitive interventions are needed to assist Mexican American (MA) patients with cancer and their family members in managing their care, navigating the healthcare system, and decreasing disparities in healthcare outcomes for Hispanics with cancer. 
. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to understand the meaning of culturally sensitive care for oncology clinic healthcare providers and to assess the usefulness and feasibility of the role of a promotora de salud to meet caregiver needs...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107164/decreasing-human-trafficking-through-sex-work-decriminalization
#18
Erin Albright, Kate D'Adamo
In order to decrease human trafficking, health care workers should support the full decriminalization of prostitution. Similar to trafficking in other forms of labor, preventing trafficking in the sex trade requires addressing the different forms of marginalization that create vulnerable communities. By removing punitive laws that prevent reporting of exploitation and abuse, decriminalization allows sex workers to work more safely, thereby reducing marginalization and vulnerability. Decriminalization can also help destigmatize sex work and help resist political, social, and cultural marginalization of sex workers...
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106511/telementoring-primary-care-clinicians-to-improve-geriatric-mental-health-care
#19
Elisa Fisher, Michael Hasselberg, Yeates Conwell, Linda Weiss, Norma A Padrón, Erin Tiernan, Jurgis Karuza, Jeremy Donath, José A Pagán
Health care delivery and payment systems are moving rapidly toward value-based care. To be successful in this new environment, providers must consistently deliver high-quality, evidence-based, and coordinated care to patients. This study assesses whether Project ECHO(®) (Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes) GEMH (geriatric mental health)-a remote learning and mentoring program-is an effective strategy to address geriatric mental health challenges in rural and underserved communities. Thirty-three teleECHO clinic sessions connecting a team of specialists to 54 primary care and case management spoke sites (approximately 154 participants) were conducted in 10 New York counties from late 2014 to early 2016...
January 20, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105781/a-qualitative-study-exploring-medication-management-in-people-with-dementia-living-in-the-community-and-the-potential-role-of-the-community-pharmacist
#20
Ian D Maidment, Lydia Aston, Tiago Moutela, Chris G Fox, Andrea Hilton
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dementia is increasing rapidly. People with dementia may be prescribed complex medication regimens, which may be challenging for them and any carers involved to safely manage. OBJECTIVE: To describe and understand the key challenges, in relation to medication issues, experienced by people with dementia and their informal carers dwelling in the community and the potential role of community pharmacists. DESIGN: Qualitative semi-structured interviews...
January 19, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
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