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Precise nutrition

Cyrille Lebon, Kevin Soupapoule, David A Wilkinson, Gilbert Le Goff, David Damiens, Louis Clément Gouagna
The control of Aedes albopictus through Sterile Male Releases requires that the most competitive males be mass-reared and sterilized usually with gamma- or X-ray radiation prior to release. Developing an understanding of the impact of irradiation treatment on flight performance in sterile males is very important because any fitness cost may reduce the efficacy of SIT intervention in the field. Here, we examined the role of irradiation exposure and sugar-feeding on daily flight activity and performance of Ae...
2018: PloS One
Fanny Buckinx, Nicolas Paquot, Marjorie Fadeur, Lucas Bacus, Jean-Yves Reginster, Sophie Allepaerts, Jean Petermans, Sabine Biquet, Olivier Bruyère
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the energy expenditure of Belgian nursing home residents using indirect calorimetry and compare the energy expenditure with energy intake. METHODS: Indirect calorimetry was performed in nursing home residents to estimate their basal metabolism. The basal metabolism was multiplied by a physical activity level coefficient and energy expenditure that was related to thermogenesis (i.e., 10% of the total amount of energy ingested over 24 h) was added...
June 15, 2018: Nutrition
Divya Sharma, Apoorv Tiwari, Salej Sood, Gautam Jamra, N K Singh, Prabina Kumar Meher, Anil Kumar
Finger millet (Eleusine coracana L.) is an important dry-land cereal in Asia and Africa because of its ability to provide assured harvest under extreme dry conditions and excellent nutritional properties. However, the genetic improvement of the crop is lacking in the absence of suitable genomic resources for reliable genotype-phenotype associations. Keeping this in view, a diverse global finger millet germplasm collection of 113 accessions was evaluated for 14 agro-morphological characters in two environments viz...
2018: PloS One
J L Zhu, Z K Zeng, G C Shurson, P E Urriola
High variability in amino acid (AA) content and digestibility among sources of distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) create challenges for nutritionists when using it in precision nutrition feeding programs. The objective of this meta-analysis was to develop prediction equations for standardized ileal digestible content (SIDC) of AA in DDGS for poultry. A meta-analysis based on 86 observations from 19 publications was conducted to develop equations for predicting SIDC of AA based on chemical composition in DDGS...
August 1, 2018: Poultry Science
Angela Yee-Moon Wang, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Denis Fouque, Pieter T Wee, Csaba P Kovesdy, S Russ Price, Joel D Kopple
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global public health burden. Dialysis is not only costly but may not be readily available in developing countries. Even in highly developed nations, many patients may prefer to defer or avoid dialysis. Thus, alternative options to dialysis therapy or to complement dialysis are needed urgently and are important objectives in CKD management that could have huge clinical and economic implications globally. The role of nutritional therapy as a strategy to slow CKD progression and uremia was discussed as early as the late 19th and early 20th century, but was only seriously explored in the 1970s...
July 2018: Seminars in Nephrology
Elżbieta Sochacka-Tatara, Agnieszka Pac, Marzena Florek, Paulina Rolska, Diana Hodorowicz-Zaniewska
BACKGROUND: Unhealthy diet and cooking method used may influence the risk of breast cancer (BC), but there is only limited evidence with regard to benign breast disease (BBD). The aim of this study was to assess a relationship between cooking technique, especially fried to boiled meals ratio in the diet, and the risk of BC and BBD in a group of Polish women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A case-control study involving 34 BC cases, 81 BBD cases and 122 healthy controls was conducted between July 2007 and November 2011...
2018: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
Shima Moradi, Yahya Pasdar, Behrooz Hamzeh, Farid Najafi, Seyed Mostafa Nachvak, Roghayeh Mostafai, Parisa Niazi, Mansour Rezaei
A precision instrument is required to assess the nutritional status. This study was conducted on comparison of 3 nutritional questionnaires to determine energy intake (EI) accuracy in adults in Ravansar Non-Communicable Chronic Disease (RaNCD) cohort study. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 118 of participant's RaNCD. EI was evaluated with 3 questionnaires including food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), 24-hours recall (24HR), and food habits questionnaire (FHQ). Resting metabolic rate (RMR) was measured using indirect calorimetry...
July 2018: Clinical Nutrition Research
Tariq I Mughal, Thomas Lion, Omar Abdel-Wahab, Ruben Mesa, Robyn M Scherber, Danilo Perrotti, Michael Mauro, Srdan Verstovsek, Giuseppe Saglio, Richard A Van Etten, Robert Kralovics
Following the 47th American Society of Hematology Meeting in 2005, the late John Goldman and Tariq Mughal commenced a conference, the 1st Post-ASH Workshop, which brought together clinicians and scientists, to accelerate the adoption of new therapies for patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs). The concept began with recognition of the CML success story following imatinib therapy, the discovery of JAK2V617F , and the demonstration that BCR-ABL1-negative MPNs are driven by abnormal JAK2 activation...
August 3, 2018: Hematological Oncology
Jeanne Duclos, Géraldine Dorard, Solange Cook-Darzens, Florence Curt, Sophie Faucher, Sylvie Berthoz, Bruno Falissard, Nathalie Godart
In studies on family therapy in Anorexia Nervosa, family relationships, as assessed by Expressed Emotion, have been associated with outcome. Our aim was to explore the contribution of Expressed Emotion as a predictor of 18-month outcome, above and beyond the usual predictive factors. Sixty adolescent girls suffering from Anorexia Nervosa and their parents were assessed at baseline and 18 months later. Levels of Expressed Emotion were evaluated in both parents with the Five-Minute Speech Sample. After controlling for treatment group and initial clinical status, high maternal Emotional Over-Involvement at baseline was significantly associated with better clinical state...
2018: PloS One
C Galarregui, I Abete, S Navas, G Reglero, A Ramírez de Molina, V Loria, M Á Zulet, J A Martínez, Nutriprecisión Consorcio
The aging of the population underlines an important challenge for the health system not only from sanitary and economic reasons but also by quality perspectives concerning preventive care, where precision nutrition (PN) and the prescription or advice on healthy habits becomes relevant. PN focuses on provide nutrition adapted to each individual, understanding that the prevention or treatment of chronic disorders (obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, etc.) must be addressed in a comprehensive way, considering not only relevant personal and clinical information, but also healthy aging and phenotypical and genotypical features...
July 27, 2018: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
Neil Murphy, Heather A Ward, Mazda Jenab, Joseph A Rothwell, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Franck Carbonnel, Marina Kvaskoff, Rudolf Kaaks, Tilman Kühn, Heiner Boeing, Krasimira Aleksandrova, Elisabete Weiderpass, Guri Skeie, Kristin Benjaminsen Borch, Anne Tjønneland, Cecilie Kyrø, Kim Overvad, Christina C Dahm, Paula Jakszyn, Maria-Jose Sánchez, Leire Gil, José M Huerta, Aurelio Barricarte, J Ramón Quirós, Kay-Tee Khaw, Nick Wareham, Kathryn E Bradbury, Antonia Trichopoulou, Carlo La Vecchia, Anna Karakatsani, Domenico Palli, Sara Grioni, Rosario Tumino, Francesca Fasanelli, Salvatore Panico, Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Petra H Peeters, Björn Gylling, Robin Myte, Karin Jirström, Jonna Berntsson, Xiaonan Xue, Elio Riboli, Amanda J Cross, Marc J Gunter
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Colorectal cancer located at different anatomical subsites may have distinct etiologies and risk factors. Previous studies that have examined this hypothesis have yielded inconsistent results, possibly because most have been of insufficient size to identify heterogeneous associations with precision. METHODS: In the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study, we used multivariable joint Cox proportional hazards models, which accounted for tumors at different anatomical sites (proximal colon, distal colon, and rectum) as competing risks, to examine the relationships between 14 established/suspected lifestyle, anthropometric, and reproductive/menstrual risk factors with colorectal cancer risk...
July 26, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Sneh D Bhandari, Ming Gao, John Szpylka
Background : The need for an updated reference method for folate was identified as a priority by the AOAC's Stakeholder Panel on Infant Formula and Adult Nutritionals (SPIFAN) in 2011. An Expert Review Panel (ERP) found AOAC Official Method SM 2011.06 suitable for the purpose and recommended it as a First Action Official Method . Objective : To determine the repeatability and reproducibility of Method 2011.06: Total Folates in Infant Formula and Adult Nutritionals by Trienzyme Extraction and UPLC-MS/MS Quantitation...
July 26, 2018: Journal of AOAC International
David Chen, Naveed Afzal, Sunghwan Sohn, Elizabeth B Habermann, James M Naessens, David W Larson, Hongfang Liu
BACKGROUND: There is limited consensus regarding risk factors for postoperative bleeding. The objective of this work was to investigate the capability of machine learning techniques in combination with practice-based longitudinal electronic medical record data for identifying potential new risk factors for postoperative bleeding and predicting patients at high risk of postoperative bleeding. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted for patients who underwent colorectal surgery 1998-2015 at a single tertiary referral center...
July 19, 2018: Surgery
Long He, Jie Zhang, Jinshan Zhao, Ning Ma, Sung Woo Kim, Shiyan Qiao, Xi Ma
Homeostasis of nutrient metabolism is critical for maintenance of the normal physiologic status of the cell and the integral health of humans and mammals. In vivo, there is a highly efficient and precise process involved in nutrient recycling and organelle cleaning. This process is named autophagy, and it can be induced in response to the dynamic change of nutrients. When cells face nutritional stress, such as stress caused by nutrient deficiency or nutrient excess, the autophagy pathway will be activated. Generally, when nutrients are withdrawn, cells will sense the signs of starvation and respond...
July 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
Yuri Matsubara, Ryusuke Ae, Yukihiro Ohya, Hiroshi Akiyama, Takanori Imai, Kenji Matsumoto, Tatsuki Fukuie, Yasuko Aoyama, Nobuko Makino, Yosikazu Nakamura, Hirohisa Saito
BACKGROUND: The number of patients with food allergy in Japan is increasing year by year, although the precise prevalence of them is not clear. We aimed to determine the estimated number of people with food allergies in Japan and produce new methods of the investigation of them. METHODS: We determined the number of people with food allergies using government data and statistics such as demographic statistic and the number of students. RESULTS: In infants, the number of patients with a food allergy was 800000 as per the self-reported prevalence; however, as per the physician's diagnoses, 300000-500000 of them had a food allergy...
2018: Arerugī, [Allergy]
Brian E Crucian, Alexander Choukèr, Richard J Simpson, Satish Mehta, Gailen Marshall, Scott M Smith, Sara R Zwart, Martina Heer, Sergey Ponomarev, Alexandra Whitmire, Jean P Frippiat, Grace L Douglas, Hernan Lorenzi, Judith-Irina Buchheim, George Makedonas, Geoffrey S Ginsburg, C Mark Ott, Duane L Pierson, Stephanie S Krieger, Natalie Baecker, Clarence Sams
Recent studies have established that dysregulation of the human immune system and the reactivation of latent herpesviruses persists for the duration of a 6-month orbital spaceflight. It appears certain aspects of adaptive immunity are dysregulated during flight, yet some aspects of innate immunity are heightened. Interaction between adaptive and innate immunity also seems to be altered. Some crews experience persistent hypersensitivity reactions during flight. This phenomenon may, in synergy with extended duration and galactic radiation exposure, increase specific crew clinical risks during deep space exploration missions...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Shrila Mazumder, Rayaj A Ahamed, Ernest McGahee, Lanqing Wang, Tiffany H Seyler
Cigarette smoking significantly increases the risk of cancer and cardiovascular diseases as well as premature death. Aromatic amines (AAs) such as o-toluidine, 2-aminonaphthalene and 4-aminobiphenyl are found in cigarette smoke and are well-established human bladder carcinogens presumably acting via the formation of DNA adducts. These amines may be metabolized in the liver to acetylated or glucuronidated forms or oxidized to a hydroxylamine which may react with protein and DNA to form adducts. Free, acetylated and glucuronidated AAs are excreted in urine and can be measured as exposure biomarkers...
July 12, 2018: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
Amir Hameed, Syed Shan-E-Ali Zaidi, Sara Shakir, Shahid Mansoor
The first decade of genetic engineering primarily focused on quantitative crop improvement. With the advances in technology, the focus of agricultural biotechnology has shifted toward both quantitative and qualitative crop improvement, to deal with the challenges of food security and nutrition. Potato ( Solanum tuberosum L.) is a solanaceous food crop having potential to feed the populating world. It can provide more carbohydrates, proteins, minerals, and vitamins per unit area of land as compared to other potential food crops, and is the major staple food in many developing countries...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Thiago I B Lopes, Mayara C Cañedo, Fernanda M P Oliveira, Glaucia B Alcantara
Precision nutrition and nutrimetabolomics are emerging omics technology applications in public health. In this context, the infant formula (IF) is a manufactured foodstuff that aims to match the composition of human milk (HM), especially the lipid profile. The IF manufacturers have achieved relative success in matching the predominant fatty acid (FAs) profiles, but the stereospecific structures of the triacylglycerides in HM require deeper analyses with system sciences. We employed NMR-based metabolomics to compare the lipid profiles of 12 commercial IF samples and 10 HM samples...
July 2018: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
Yoshihiro Tanaka, Kazuhiro Yoshida, Tomonari Suetsugu, Takeharu Imai, Nobuhisa Matsuhashi, Kazuya Yamaguchi
The 11th edition of the Japanese Classification of Esophageal Cancer (EC) was published in 2017. Some correction was made in the depth of tumor invasion to be consistent with the TNM classification by the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC). With regard to surgery, short-term safety and long-term effectiveness under thoracotomy/video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery are expected to be proven by the Japan Clinical Oncology Group (JCOG)1409 study. Results of nutritional management and countermeasures for adverse events not only during the perioperative period but also during EC chemotherapy were reported...
July 2018: Annals of gastroenterological surgery
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