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TDCS and memory

J P Lindenmayer, Mila Kirstie C Kulsa, Tania Sultana, Amandeep Kaur, Ran Yang, Isidora Ljuri, Benedicto Parker, Anzalee Khan
BACKGROUND: Transcranial direct-current stimulation (tDCS), a non-invasive neurostimulation treatment, has been reported in a number of sham-controlled studies to show significant improvements in treatment-resistant auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia patients, primarily in ambulatory and higher-functioning patients, but little is known of the effects of tDCS on hospitalized, low-functioning inpatients. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy and safety of tDCS for auditory hallucinations in hospitalized ultra-treatment-resistant schizophrenia (TRS) and to evaluate the effects of tDCS on cognitive functions...
October 2, 2018: Brain Stimulation
T Schwippel, I Papazova, W Strube, A J Fallgatter, A Hasan, C Plewnia
Schizophrenia is a severe and often detrimental psychiatric disorder. The individual patients' level of functioning is essentially determined by cognitive, particularly working memory (WM), deficits that are critically linked to dysfunctional activity of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC). Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) can transiently modulate activity of the dlPFC and remote areas and has been shown to improve WM functions. It may therefore provide a new, targeted treatment option...
October 3, 2018: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
S Castaño-Castaño, G Martinez-Navarrete, M Morales-Navas, E Fernadez-Jover, F Sanchez-Santed, F Nieto-Escámez
In this work visual functional improvement of amblyopic Long Evans rats treated with tDCS has been assessed using the "slow angled-descent forepaw grasping" (SLAG) test. This test is based on an innate response that does not requires any memory-learning component and has been used before for measuring visual function in rodents. The results obtained show that this procedure is useful to assess monocular but not binocular deficits, as controls and amblyopic animals showed significant differences during monocular but not during binocular assessment...
October 1, 2018: Brain Research
A K Martin, J Huang, A Hunold, M Meinzer
Theories of right temporoparietal junction (rTPJ) function in social cognition include self-other distinction, self-inhibition, or embodied rotation, whereas the dorsomedial prefrontal cortex (dmPFC) is associated with integrating social information. However, no study has provided causal evidence for dissociable roles of the rTPJ and dmPFC in social cognition. A total of 52 healthy young adults were stratified to receive either dmPFC or rTPJ anodal high-definition transcranial direct current stimulation (HD-tDCS) in a sham-controlled, double-blinded, repeated measures design...
October 1, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
Masamitsu Naka, Daisuke Matsuzawa, Daisuke Ishii, Hiroyuki Hamada, Tomoko Uchida, Katsuo Sugita, Chihiro Sutoh, Eiji Shimizu
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation technique that modulates cortical excitability in a polarity-dependent manner. The diffuse nature of tDCS makes it difficult to investigate the optimal stimulation parameters for more effective and specific cognitive enhancement; to address this deficit, a more focalized stimulation technique, high-definition tDCS (HD-tDCS), has been developed. To date, only a few studies have examined the effects of HD-tDCS on cognitive functions; and none has investigated the effects of HD-tDCS on different sensory modalities of verbal working memory...
September 26, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
Ann Van de Winckel, James R Carey, Teresa A Bisson, Elsa C Hauschildt, Christopher D Streib, William K Durfee
BACKGROUND: Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is an effective neuromodulation adjunct to repetitive motor training in promoting motor recovery post-stroke. Finger tracking training is motor training whereby people with stroke use the impaired index finger to trace waveform-shaped lines on a monitor. Our aims were to assess the feasibility and safety of a telerehabilitation program consisting of tDCS and finger tracking training through questionnaires on ease of use, adverse symptoms, and quantitative assessments of motor function and cognition...
September 18, 2018: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
Sheida Rabipour, Allan D Wu, Patrick S R Davidson, Marco Iacoboni
Growing interest surrounds transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) as a safe and inexpensive method for improving cognitive functions and mood. Nevertheless, tDCS studies rarely examine psychological factors such as expectations of outcomes, which may influence tDCS responsiveness through placebo-like effects. Here we sought to evaluate the potential influence of expectations on tDCS intervention outcomes. We assessed expectations of tDCS outcomes in 88 healthy young adults on three occasions: i) at baseline; ii) after reading information implying either high or low effectiveness of stimulation; and iii) after a single-session of sham-controlled anodal tDCS applied to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, during working memory (WM) training...
October 2018: Neuropsychologia
Jessica Grundey, Jerick Barlay, Giorgi Batsikadze, Min-Fang Kuo, Walter Paulus, Michael Nitsche
KEY POINTS: Nicotine (NIC) modulates cognition and memory function by targeting the nicotinic ACh receptor and releasing different transmitter systems postsynaptically. With both NIC-generated mechanisms, calcium influx and calcium permeability can be regulated, which is a key requirement for the induction of long-term potentiation, comprising the physiological basis of learning and memory function. We attempt to unmask the underlying mechanism of nicotinic effects on anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)-induced long-term potentiation-like plasticity based on the hypothesis of calcium-dependency...
September 15, 2018: Journal of Physiology
Vinicius Souza Dos Souza Dos Santos, Maxciel Zortea, Rael Lopes Alves, Cátia Cilene Dos Santos Naziazeno, Júlia Schirmer Saldanha, Sandra da Conceição Ribeiro de Carvalho, António Jorge da Costa Leite, Iraci Lucena da Silva Torres, Andressa de Souza, Prisla Ücker Calvetti, Felipe Fregni, Wolnei Caumo
Cognitive dysfunction in fibromyalgia has been reported, especially memory. Anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) has been effective in enhancing this function. We tested the effects of eight sessions of tDCS and cognitive training on immediate and delayed memory, verbal fluency and working memory and its association with brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels. Forty females with fibromyalgia were randomized to receive eight sessions of active or sham tDCS...
August 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
Eda Mizrak, Kamin Kim, Brooke Roberts, Daniel John Ragland, Cameron Carter, Charan Ranganath
Research on transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has grown rapidly, but there is controversy regarding whether and how tDCS could impact memory performance. We report a study that addressed this question by examining the effects of oscillatory tDCS (otDCS) on subsequent episodic memory performance and concomitant recordings of neural oscillations. Neural oscillations in the theta band (4-7 Hz) have been shown to be important for episodic memory and especially for source memory retrieval. Here, we tested the effects of anodal otDCS at theta (5...
September 5, 2018: Cognitive Neuroscience
Jun Yeon Won, Jae Sung Lee
We propose a new highly integrated FPGA-only signal digitization method for individual signal digitization of time-of-flight positron emission tomography (TOF PET). We configured I/O port of the FPGA with a single-ended memory interface (SeMI) input receiver. The SeMI is a single-ended voltage-referenced interface that has a common reference voltage per I/O Bank, such that each SeMI input receiver can serve as a voltage comparator. The FPGA-only digitizer that uses the single-ended input receivers does not require a separate digitizing integrated chip, and can obtain twice as many signals as that using LVDS input receivers...
August 15, 2018: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
Jennifer M Johnson, Simon J Durrant
Sleep-dependent memory consolidation has been extensively studied. Neutral declarative memories and serial reaction time task (SRTT) performance can benefit from slow-wave activity, characterized by less than 1 Hz frequency cortical slow oscillations (SO). Emotional memories can benefit from theta activity, characterized by 4-8 Hz frequency cortical oscillations. Applying transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) during sleep entrains specific frequencies to alter sleep architecture. When applying cathodal tDCS (CtDCS), neural inhibition or excitation may depend on the waveform at the applied frequency...
July 2018: Royal Society Open Science
Michael A Hunter, Gregory Lieberman, Brian A Coffman, Michael C Trumbo, Mikaela L Armenta, Charles S H Robinson, Matthew A Bezdek, Anthony J O'Sickey, Aaron P Jones, Victoria Romero, Seth Elkin-Frankston, Sean Gaurino, Leonard Eusebi, Eric H Schumacher, Katie Witkiewitz, Vincent P Clark
Mindfulness-based training (MBT) and transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) methods such as direct current stimulation (tDCS) have demonstrated promise for the augmentation of cognitive abilities. The current study investigated the potential compatibility of concurrent "electrical" MBT and tDCS (or eMBT) by testing its combined effects on behavioral and neurophysiological indices of working memory (WM) and attentional resource allocation. Thirty-four healthy participants were randomly assigned to either a MBT task with tDCS group (eMBT) or an active control training task with sham tDCS (Control) group...
July 2018: Heliyon
Lotte J Talsma, Julia A Broekhuizen, Job Huisman, Heleen A Slagter
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (lDLPFC) is a promising tool to enhance working memory (WM) in clinical as well as healthy populations. Yet, tDCS does not affect everyone similarly: whereas tDCS improves WM in most individuals, some individuals do not, or actually show detriments in WM performance after stimulation. One hypothesis that has been put forward to account for individual differences in tDCS response is that baseline cortical excitability levels in the stimulated cortex may determine the strength and the direction of the effects of tDCS...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Lidia Y X Wong, Stephen J Gray, David A Gallo
We report 4 experiments aiming to replicate and extend the finding that anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over dorsolateral prefrontal cortex after encoding and just prior to retrieval improves accuracy on a recollection task (Gray, Brookshire, Casasanto, & Gallo, 2015). Our first 3 experiments failed to replicate the tDCS effect in planned analyses, but post-hoc analyses uncovered tDCS effects on recollection accuracy during morning sessions. To further investigate, Experiment 4 randomly assigned participants to morning or afternoon sessions...
July 23, 2018: Cognitive Neuroscience
Sara Cocco, Maria V Podda, Claudio Grassi
In the recent years numerous studies have provided encouraging results supporting the use of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) as non-invasive brain stimulation technique to improve motor and cognitive functions in patients suffering from neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders as well as in healthy subjects. Among the multiple effects elicited by tDCS on cognitive functions, experimental evidence and clinical findings have highlighted the beneficial impact on long-term memory. Memory deficits occur during physiological aging as well as in neurological and neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease (AD)...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Irina Papazova, Wolfgang Strube, Benedikt Becker, Bettina Henning, Tobias Schwippel, Andreas J Fallgatter, Frank Padberg, Ulrich Palm, Peter Falkai, Christian Plewnia, Alkomiet Hasan
Deficits in various cognitive processes, such as working memory, are characteristic for schizophrenia, lowering patients' functioning and quality of life. Recent research suggests that transcranial direct stimulation (tDCS) applied to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) may be a potential therapeutic intervention for cognitive deficits in schizophrenia. Here, we examined the effects of online tDCS to the DLPFC on working memory (WM) performance in 40 schizophrenia patients in two separate experiments with a double blind, sham-controlled, cross-over design...
June 25, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
Li-Chuan Yang, Ping Ren, Yuan-Ye Ma
The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) is considered to play a crucial role in many high-level functions, such as cognitive control and emotional regulation. Many studies have reported that the DLPFC can be activated during the processing of emotional information in tasks requiring working memory. However, it is still not clear whether modulating the activity of the DLPFC influences emotional perception in a detection task. In the present study, using transcranial direct-current stimulation (tDCS), we investigated (1) whether modulating the right DLPFC influences emotional face processing in a detection task, and (2) whether the DLPFC plays equal roles in processing positive and negative emotional faces...
October 2018: Neuroscience Bulletin
Aron T Hill, Nigel C Rogasch, Paul B Fitzgerald, Kate E Hoy
BACKGROUND: Previous research has typically focussed on the neuromodulatory effects of direct currents applied over single regions of the cortex. However, complex processes such as working memory (WM) strongly rely on activations across a wider neural network and therefore might benefit from stimulation administered over multiple cortical targets. OBJECTIVE: We examined the neurobiological and cognitive effects of High-Definition transcranial direct current stimulation (HD-tDCS) montages that either targeted the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) alone, or simultaneously stimulated the DLPFC and parietal cortex (DLPFC + PC)...
September 2018: Brain Stimulation
Beat Meier, Philipp Sauter
Boosting memory with transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) seems to be an elegant way to optimize learning. Here we tested whether tDCS to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex or to the left posterior parietal cortex would boost recognition memory in general and/or particularly for action phrases enacted at study. During study, 48 young adults either read or enacted simple action phrases. Memory for the action phrases was assessed after a retention interval of 45 min and again after 7-days to investigate the long-term consequences of brain stimulation...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
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