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Recurrent pericarditis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445985/acute-pericarditis-following-second-generation-cryoballoon-ablation-for-atrial-fibrillation
#1
Giacomo Mugnai, Carlo de Asmundis, Saverio Iacopino, Erwin Ströker, Massimo Longobardi, Maria Claudia Negro, Valentina De Regibus, Hugo Enrique Coutino-Moreno, Ken Takarada, Rajin Choudhury, Juan Pablo Abugattas de Torres, Cesare Storti, Pedro Brugada, Gian-Battista Chierchia
PURPOSE: Acute pericarditis is a minor complication following atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation procedures. The aim of the study was to evaluate the incidence and clinical aspects of pericarditis following cryoballoon (CB) ablation of AF investigating a possible association with procedural characteristics and a possible relationship with post-ablation recurrences. METHODS: Four hundred fifty consecutive patients (male 73%, age 59.9 ± 11.2 years) with drug-resistant paroxysmal AF who underwent CB ablation as index procedure were enrolled...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437733/cough-as-the-sole-manifestation-of-pericardial-effusion
#2
Hee Kong Fong, Obai Abdullah, Sandeep Gautam
A 59-year-old woman with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) presented with severe non-productive cough, malaise, low-grade fever and AF flare-up 3 weeks following pulmonary vein isolation with radiofrequency catheter ablation. She denied chest pain or dyspnoea. Patient was haemodynamically stable. There was no pulsus paradoxus. Laboratories showed leucocytosis and elevated C-reactive protein. ECG showed sinus tachycardia. CT abdomen and pelvis showed a large pericardial effusion (PE). Shortly after admission, she developed AF with rapid ventricular response, responsive to intravenous amiodarone...
February 5, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390286/purulent-constrictive-pericarditis-caused-by-salmonella-enteritidis-in-a-patient-with-adult-onset-still-s-disease-a-case-report
#3
Chia-Cheng Kuo, Wen-Liang Yu, Chen-Hui Lee, Nan-Chun Wu
RATIONALE: Purulent pericarditis is a rare and usually fatal disease. Immunodeficiency state and preexisting pericardial effusion can predispose patients to infections. However, we are not aware of similar cases in patients with adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD). In addition, it is seldom caused by Salmonella bacteria. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a 30-year-old woman with dyspnea on exertion and epigastric fullness. She was newly diagnosed with AOSD 4 months previously and medicated with prednisolone...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336247/the-role-of-colchicine-in-the-treatment-of-autoinflammatory-diseases
#4
Georgia Liantinioti, Antonios A Argyris, Athanase D Protogerou, Panayiotis Vlachoyiannopoulos
Colchicine has been longstanding and widely used for the treatment of acute gout flares and prevention of gout relapses. Its use has been extended to a series of autoinflammatory diseases, such as familial Mediterranean fever and more recently to periodic fever with aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and adenitis, Behcet's disease and idiopathic recurrent acute pericarditis. In this review, we summarize current indications of colchicine use, discuss its pharmacokinetics and mechanism of action and examine its use in the treatment of autoinflammatory diseases...
January 15, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336245/the-role-of-colchicine-in-pericardial-syndromes
#5
George Lazaros, Massimo Imazio, Antonio Brucato, Charalambos Vlachopoulos, Emilia Lazarou, Dimitrios Vassilopoulos, Dimitris Tousoulis
BACKGROUND: Colchicine is an old drug originally employed for the treatment of inflammatory disorders such as acute gout and familiar Mediterranean fever. METHODS: In the past few decades, colchicine has been at the forefront of the pharmacotherapy of several cardiac diseases, including acute and recurrent pericarditis, coronary artery disease, prevention of atrial fibrillation and heart failure. In this review, we have summarized the current evidence based medicine and guidelines recommendations in the specific context of pericardial syndromes...
January 15, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247810/surgical-revascularization-of-the-celiac-artery-for-persistent-intestinal-ischemia-in-short-bowel-syndrome
#6
Arnaud Roussel, Alexandre Nuzzo, Quentin Pellenc, Yves Castier, Romain De Blic, Pierre Cerceau, Célia Boulitrop, Mathieu Coblence, Sonia Aguir, Pierre Mordant, Léon Maggiori, Audrey Huguet, Annie Sibert, Francisca Joly, Olivier Corcos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Without prompt superior mesenteric artery (SMA) revascularization, acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) frequently leads to death or short bowel syndrome (SBS). In SBS patients, persistent or chronic intestinal ischemia (PII) of the remnant bowel can lead to recurrences of AMI. Since SMA revascularization is sometimes unfeasible, celiac artery (CA) revascularization may improve blood supply to the remnant bowel. The aim of this study was to describe and to assess our experience of the CA revascularization in case of SMA occlusion unsuitable for revascularization in the setting of PII in SBS patients...
January 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240719/pericardial-effusion-as-a-presenting-symptom-of-hashimoto-thyroiditis-a-case-report
#7
Alberto Leonardi, Laura Penta, Marta Cofini, Lucia Lanciotti, Nicola Principi, Susanna Esposito
Background: Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT) is the most frequent cause of acquired hypothyroidism in paediatrics. HT is usually diagnosed in older children and adolescents, mainly in females and is rare in infants and toddlers with cardiac involvement, including pericardial effusion, that can be found in 10% to 30% of adult HT cases. In this paper, a child with HT and pericardial effusion as the most important sign of HT is described. Case presentation: A four-year-old male child suffering for a few months from recurrent abdominal pain sometimes associated with vomiting underwent an abdominal ultrasound scan outside the hospital...
December 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217970/recurrent-pericarditis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Justina Katinaitė, Birutė Petrauskienė
Background: Recurrence affects about 30% (20% to 50%) of patients within 18 months after the initial episode of acute pericarditis resulting in subsequent rehospitalizations. Bearing in mind high treatment costs of patients admitted to hospital with acute and recurrent pericarditis, there is a need to optimize the treatment of both of these conditions. Materials and methods: We present a case of recurrent pericarditis. The first episode of pericarditis was diagnosed in 2006...
2017: Acta Medica Lituanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205987/recurrent-pericarditis
#9
REVIEW
Jukka Lehtonen
Recurrent pericarditis is the most common and problematic complication of acute pericarditis. After acute pericarditis, the pericarditis recurs in 20 to 50% of the patients. In most cases the etiology of pericarditis remains unclear, although it is generally thought to arise by an immunological mechanism. NSAID medication in combination with colchicine is the cornerstone of the treatment. Corticosteroids should be used mainly for those in whom the first-line drug treatment is not sufficient or first-line treatments are contraindicated...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205986/acute-pericarditis
#10
REVIEW
Ville Kytö, Matti Matti Niemelä
Acute pericarditis is typically associated with a viral infection. Chest pain appearing in connection with or soon after the symptoms of infection is the characteristic symptom. Diagnosis is based on the recognition of two characteristic findings (pericardial chest pain, pericardial friction rub, new ECG changes or new pericardial effusion). Medication with an anti-inflammatory analgesic for 1 to 2 weeks is the first-line treatment. A longer course of colchicine is recommended for the prevention of recurrence of the disease...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198919/does-colchicine-decrease-the-rate-of-recurrence-of-acute-idiopathic-pericarditis-treated-with-glucocorticoids
#11
Aviv Mager, Yeela Talmor, Chava Chezar Azzerad, Zaza Iakobishvili, Avital Porter, Ran Kornowski, David Hasdai
BACKGROUND: The traditional treatment of acute pericarditis includes non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs) or glucocorticoids. The addition of colchicine has been found to reduce the rate of recurrences. Glucocorticoids, however, may attenuate this effect, although the available data are limited. We examined the impact of colchicine on the rate of recurrence of acute idiopathic pericarditis pretreated with prednisone. METHODS: The frequency of recurrence in patients hospitalized for acute idiopathic pericarditis in a tertiary medical center in 2004-2014 who were treated with glucocorticoids or with non-steroidal therapy was assessed from the computerized hospital database...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169889/transitory-effusive-constrictive-pericarditis
#12
Silvia Paiardi, Marta Pellegrino, Francesco Cannata, Monica Bocciolone, Antonio Voza
Pericardial effusion of various sizes is a quite common clinical finding, while its progression to effusive-constrictive pericarditis occurs in about 1.4-14% of cases. Although available evidence on prevalence and prognosis of this rare pericardial syndrome is poor, apparently a considerable proportion of patients conservatively managed has a spontaneous resolution after several weeks. A 61-year-old female presented to our emergency department reporting fatigue, effort dyspnea and abdominal swelling. The echocardiography showed large pericardial effusion with initial hemodynamic impact, so she underwent a pericardiocentesis with drainage of 800-850cm3 of exudative fluid, on which diagnostic investigations were undertaken: possible viral and bacterial infections, medical conditions, iatrogenic causes, neoplastic and connective tissue diseases were all excluded...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094181/cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-autoinflammatory-syndromes
#13
REVIEW
Rainer Hintenberger, Agnes Falkinger, Kathrin Danninger, Herwig Pieringer
Autoinflammatory syndromes (AIS) are characterized by recurring events of inflammation, leading to a variety of organ manifestations and fever attacks. A subgroup of AIS is commonly referred to as hereditary periodic fever syndromes (HPFS). There is substantial evidence that autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus are strongly associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The link between AIS and cardiovascular disease is not that clear, even if the concept of continuous inflammation as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease is widely accepted...
November 1, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051974/cardiac-disease-in-familial-mediterranean-fever
#14
REVIEW
Eren Erken, Ertugrul Erken
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autoinflammatory disease manifested by inflammatory attacks of peritonitis, pleuritis, pericarditis accompanied by fever and arthritis. Mutations of MEFV gene results in pyrin dysfunction, which causes uncontrolled interleukin-1 beta production and triggers the inflammatory attacks. Inflammation persists even during attack-free periods in one-third of the FMF patients. Findings of elevated proinflammatory cytokine patterns during remission as well as inflammatory attacks indicate the continuous subclinical disease activity and inflammation...
January 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029080/recurrent-purulent-pericarditis-secondary-to-a-giant-bronchogenic-cyst
#15
Filipa Valente, Maximo Migliori, Cristobal Segura, José Rodriguez Palomares
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 23, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025542/acute-and-recurrent-pericarditis
#16
REVIEW
Massimo Imazio, Fiorenzo Gaita
Acute and recurrent pericarditis is the most common pericardial syndrome encountered in clinical practice either as an isolated process or as part of a systemic disease. The diagnosis is based on clinical evaluation, electrocardiogram, and echocardiography. The empiric therapy is based on nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs plus colchicine as first choice, resorting to corticosteroids for specific indications (eg, systemic inflammatory disease on corticosteroids, pregnancy, renal failure, concomitant oral anticoagulants), for contraindications or failure of the first-line therapy...
November 2017: Cardiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018016/successful-treatment-of-community-acquired-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-purulent-myopericarditis
#17
Henry DeYoung, Adam Bloom, Sally Tamayo
A previously healthy 48-year-old active duty man, who had been treated for an elbow abscess 3 weeks earlier, presented to an emergency department in Bahrain with tachycardia, pericardial friction rub and jugular venous distention. Cardiac tamponade was confirmed on transthoracic echocardiogram and he was taken for emergent pericardiocentesis. Pericardial fluid cultures grew community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Despite ongoing treatment with intravenous vancomycin, he developed a recurrent fibrinous pericardial effusion and constrictive pericarditis requiring pericardiectomy...
October 10, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938508/-angina-pectoris-in-a-young-woman-with-lupus-erythematosus
#18
Simon Braumann, Malte P Bartram, Roman Pfister, Guido Michels
History and clinical findings We present a 31-year old woman with a 6-year history of cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) who presented to the emergency room with typical chest pain. ECG and transthoracic echocardiography were normal. Her working diagnosis of pericarditis was made due to systemic progression of her lupus erythematosus (LE). Treatment with NSAIDs was initiated and her immunosuppressive regimen intensified. The patient was discharged after resolution of her symptoms. A week later, the patient was seen at the rheumatology clinic with recurrence and aggravation of her symptoms...
September 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917555/incidence-and-significance-of-adhesions-encountered-during-epicardial-mapping-and-ablation-of-ventricular-tachycardia-in-patients-with-no-history-of-prior-cardiac-surgery-or-pericarditis
#19
Anthony Li, Eric Buch, Noel G Boyle, Kalyanam Shivkumar, Jason S Bradfield
BACKGROUND: Pericardial adhesions can prevent epicardial access and restrict catheter movement during mapping and ablation of ventricular tachycardia (VT). The incidence of adhesions in patients without prior cardiac surgery or clinically evident pericarditis is not known. OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence of pericardial adhesions and explore their impact in patients without prior cardiac surgery or pericarditis. METHODS: A retrospective search of our ablation database containing patients who underwent epicardial ablation for VT was undertaken...
September 14, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914972/seasonal-patterns-of-acute-and-recurrent-idiopathic-pericarditis
#20
Yoav Hammer, Jihad Bishara, Alon Eisen, Zaza Iakobishvili, Ran Kornowski, Aviv Mager
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pericarditis is presumed to result from viral infection. The incidence rates of some viral infections have typical seasonal patterns. The data in the literature on a possible seasonal pattern of acute pericarditis are very limited. The mechanism and possible seasonality of recurrent episodes are not well established . HYPOTHESIS: The incidence of acute idiopathic pericarditis has a seasonal pattern. METHODS: The computerized database of a tertiary, university-affiliated hospital was searched for all patients admitted with a first episode of acute idiopathic pericarditis between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2015...
September 15, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
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