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Headache OR headaches

V A Parfenov, K A Pozhidaev
The authors describe manifestations of chronic cerebral ischemia (CCI) and present the cases of a combination of primary headache and CCI. Management of patients with CCI and headache and the use of vazobral and its efficacy in treatment of such patients are discussed.
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Kun Wang, Feidan Yu, Keng Chen, Huanjiang Niu, Yirong Wang, Shuxu Yang, Xiujun Cai
RATIONALE: Osteoblastoma is an uncommon primary bone tumor that involves any part of the skeleton. But its occurrence in the skull is extremely rare. PATIENTS CONCERNS: A 30-year-old female was admitted to our hospital, because of the mass in the right frontal region with the history of headache for 3 years without nausea or vomiting. DIAGNOSIS: Initial differential diagnoses included hemangiopericytoma, atypical intraosseous meningioma, calvarial osteosarcoma, fibrous dysplasia, and histiocytosis, based on the results of enhanced CT and MRI...
October 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Renee Colsch, Glenda Lindseth
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that there is a delay in recognizing unique stroke symptoms in women by both healthcare professionals and the general population. The purpose of this review was to identify and summarize the most relevant literature regarding recognition and assessment of unique stroke symptoms in women. METHODS: Literature review using PubMed, CINAHL, ERIC, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Google Scholar was used to search literature describing unique stroke symptoms...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
Chih-Wen Yang, Jong-Ling Fuh
Thunderclap headache (TCH) is an excruciating headache that reaches maximal intensity within a minute. It has numerous potential etiologies, the most concerning of which is subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) due to high morbidity and mortality. Thus, patients with TCH must be evaluated urgently to identify the underlying cause and initiate prompt therapy. Areas covered: This paper reviews PubMed-listed research articles and presents an update of the clinical features, diagnostic evaluation, and possible causes of TCH...
October 18, 2018: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
Elizabeth K Seng, Pablo Prieto, Gabriel Boucher, Marina Vives-Mestres
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate factors associated naturalistically with adherence to a mobile headache diary. BACKGROUND: Self-monitoring (keeping a headache diary) is commonly used in headache to enhance diagnostic accuracy and evaluate the effectiveness of headache therapies. Mobile applications are increasingly used to facilitate keeping a headache diary. Little is known about the factors associated with adherence to mobile headache diaries. METHODS: In this naturalistic longitudinal cohort study, people with headache (n = 1561) registered to use Curelator Headache® (now called N1-Headache®), an application that includes a mobile headache diary, through their physician (coupon), or directly through the website or app store using either a paid or free version of the application...
October 18, 2018: Headache
Romy Scholz, Johannes Lemcke, Ullrich Meier, Dirk Stengel
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is a distinct form of dementia, characterized by gait ataxia, cognitive impairment and urinary incontinence. In contrast to all other causes of dementia (e.g., Alzheimer-type and others), ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt surgery may offer a curative treatment option to patients. While being a rather low-risk type of surgery, it may cause significant over- or underdrainage complications (e.g., headaches, dizziness, vomiting, intracerebral bleeding, etc...
October 17, 2018: Trials
Craig Moore, Andrew Leaver, David Sibbritt, Jon Adams
BACKGROUND: Headache management is common within chiropractic clinical settings; however, little is yet known about how this provider group manage headache sufferers. The aim of this study is to report on the prevalence of headache patients found within routine chiropractic practice and to assess how chiropractors approach key aspects of headache management applicable to primary care settings. METHODS: A 31-item cross-sectional survey was distributed to a national sample of chiropractors (n = 1050) to report on practitioner approach to headache diagnosis, interdisciplinary collaboration, treatment and outcome assessment of headache patients who present with recurrent headache disorders...
October 17, 2018: BMC Neurology
Kjersti Grøtta Vetvik, E Anne MacGregor, Christofer Lundqvist, Michael Bjørn Russell
BACKGROUND: Menstrual migraine (MM) and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) are two conditions linked to specific phases of the menstrual cycle. The exact pathophysiological mechanisms are not fully understood, but both conditions are hypothesized to be triggered by female sex hormones. Co-occurrence of MM and PMS is controversial. The objective of this population-based study was to compare self-assessed symptoms of PMS in female migraineurs with and without MM. A total of 237 women from the general population who self-reported migraine in at least50% of their menstruations in a screening questionnaire were invited to a clinical interview and diagnosed by a neurologist according to the International Classification of Headache Disorders II (ICHD II), including the appendix criteria for MM...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Headache and Pain
Ahmed Abbas, Yusuf A Rajabally
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) forms a cornerstone of effective treatment for acute and chronic inflammatory neuropathies, with a class I evidence base in Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) and multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN). It is generally considered to be a safe therapy however there are several recognised complications which are reviewed in this article. Most adverse events are immediate and mild such as headache, fever and nausea although more serious immediate reactions such as anaphylaxis may rarely occur...
October 17, 2018: Current Drug Safety
R Philpott, K Gulabivala, R Leeson, Y-L Ng
AIMS: To investigate the prevalence, pain catastrophizing and other predictive factors, and clinical course of persistent pain/discomfort associated with teeth displaying periapical healing following non-surgical root canal treatment (NSRCT). METHODOLOGY: One-hundred-ninety-eight patients (264 teeth) who had NSRCT were reviewed at 5-14 months, post-operatively. Teeth with persistent post-treatment pain or discomfort, plus evidence of periapical healing were further monitored 0...
October 17, 2018: International Endodontic Journal
Olufunmilayo O Adeyemi, Ismail O Ishola, Elizabeth T Adesanya, Destiny O Alohan
Background Tetracera alnifolia Willd. (Dilleniaceae) is used in traditional African Medicine for the treatment of headache, abdominal pain, and rheumatism. Hence, this study sought to investigate the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of the hydroethanolic leaf extract of T. alnifolia (HeTA) in rodents. Methods Antinociceptive activity was evaluated using the acetic acid-induced writhing, formalin-/capsaicin-induced paw licking and hot plate tests in mice. The contribution of opioidergic, l-arginine-nitric oxide, and ATP-sensitive potassium channel pathways in HeTA-induced antinociception was also evaluated...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Decai Tian, Xiaodong Zhu, Rong Xue, Peng Zhao, Yuanrong Yao
History In November 2012, a previously healthy 31-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with a 2-month history of right-sided numbness, diplopia, and intermittent nausea and dizziness. She did not have a history of fever, weight loss, headache, photophobia, seizure, or extremity weakness. Physical examination revealed left abduction limitation and right-sided hypoesthesia. Kernig and Brudzinski signs were absent, and pathergy test results were negative. Laboratory evaluation revealed normal complete and differential blood counts, normal serum chemistry, and normal immune function...
November 2018: Radiology
Ioannis Karakis
This article highlights the major reflections of ancient Greek mythology in modern neuroscience. An analysis of ancient Greek texts and medical literature using the MeSH term mythology was performed to identify mythological references pertaining to neuroscience. The findings are discussed in relation to etymology, early conceptualization of the nervous system structure and function, incipient characterization of neuropsychiatric disease, and philosophical stance to the practice of medicine in ancient Greece...
October 17, 2018: Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
Amit Mehta, Priyanka Chilakamarri, Adeel Zubair, Deena E Kuruvilla
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hemicrania Continua (HC) is a daily and persistent form of headache that is characterized by side-locked pain which is continuous, varies in severity and can be associated with conjunctival injection, lacrimation, nasal congestion, rhinorrhea, eyelid edema, forehead or facial sweating and miosis and/or ptosis. RECENT FINDINGS: Functional imaging studies have shown activation of subcortical structures such as the posterior hypothalamus and dorsal rostral pons, which are known to disinhibit the trigeminal autonomic reflex, a reflex responsible for autonomic outflow through trigeminal efferents...
October 17, 2018: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Anquan Peng, Xinming Yang, Weijing Wu, Zian Xiao, Dinghua Xie, Shenglei Ge
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: It has been recognized that anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitides may lead to hypertrophic pachymeningitis (HP) or intractable otitis media (OM). To our knowledge, few cases of coexistent ANCA-related HP and OM have been described previously. To increase awareness of this disease, we reviewed the literature describing patients with HP and intractable OM in a population with AAV to guide clinical decision making for otolaryngologists...
October 17, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Chengjun Wang, Dong Zhang, Shuo Wang, Yan Zhang, Rong Wang, Jizong Zhao
Intraosseous cavernous malformations (ICMs) of the skull are relatively rare, benign, and slow-growing tumors. Knowledge of these lesions is poor. The goals of this study were to describe the clinical manifestations, radiological features, and long-term surgical outcomes of this disease. We performed a retrospective analysis of a series of 16 cranial ICM patients who underwent surgical treatment in our hospital between 2003 and 2016. The incidence of cranial ICM was 1.15% among the entire series of intracranial and intraspinal CMs...
October 17, 2018: Neurosurgical Review
P Jaulent, E Vignot, R Chapurlat
Fibrous dysplasia of bone is a stem cell bone disease due to a somatic GNAS mutation which can affect craniofacial bones. Although craniofacial fibrous dysplasia is a benign and progressive disorder, it can cause mass effect on the cranial structures. We describe an 18-year-old man, without past medical history, came at the emergency department with progressively worsening headache, associated with vomiting. Cranial bone CT and then brain MRI revealed fibrous dysplasia of occipital bone with intraosseous cyst, compression of right sigmoid vein...
October 16, 2018: Osteoporosis International
Ryuzaburo Kochi, Masaki Mino, Shinya Sonobe, Masahiro Yoshida, Teiji Tominaga
We report a case of an encapsulated subdural hematoma in the posterior cranial fossa, showing spontaneous development and rapid increase in size after cardiac surgery. An 86-year-old woman underwent aortic valve replacement for aortic valve stenosis, followed by anticoagulant therapy with heparin. Three days after the cardiac surgery, she complained of headache. Computed tomography revealed development of a subdural hematoma in the posterior cranial fossa. The hematoma rapidly increased in size within 7 days...
October 2018: NMC Case Report Journal
Alfred Maroyi
The bark, leaves, and roots of Albizia adianthifolia are highly sought after in tropical Africa as herbal medicines. Therefore, the aim of this study was to review the botany, medicinal uses, phytochemistry, and pharmacological properties of A. adianthifolia so as to provide baseline data required for evaluating the therapeutic potential of the species. Information on the botanical profile, medicinal uses, phytochemistry, and pharmacological properties of A. adianthifolia was undertaken using databases such as ScienceDirect, SciFinder, Pubmed, Google Scholar, Medline, SCOPUS, EThOS, ProQuest, OATD, and Open-thesis...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Mimi Han, Xunyao Hou, Song Xu, Yan Hong, Jian Chen, Yingjuan Ma, Shanjing Nie, Xueping Liu
Attention deficits have been demonstrated in migraine patients during the interictal period, but these findings are not consistent across all studies. These inconsistencies may arise due to the different aspects of attention measured by various psychometric tests. Current theories divide attention into three separate domains subserved by separate networks: alerting, orienting, and executive control. The attention network test (ANT) was developed to measure all three attention networks and so may reveal more specific attention deficits among migraineurs...
October 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
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