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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30531913/the-maturation-of-speech-structure-in-psychosis-is-resistant-to-formal-education
#1
Natália Bezerra Mota, Mariano Sigman, Guillermo Cecchi, Mauro Copelli, Sidarta Ribeiro
Discourse varies widely with age, level of education, and psychiatric state. Word graphs have been recently shown to provide behavioral markers of formal thought disorders in psychosis (e.g., disorganized flow of ideas) and to track literacy acquisition in children with typical development. Here we report that a graph-theoretical computational analysis of verbal reports from subjects spanning 6 decades of age and 2 decades of education reveals asymptotic changes over time that depend more on education than age...
December 7, 2018: NPJ Schizophrenia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30488088/-impairments-of-language-and-communication-in-schizophrenia
#2
REVIEW
Stefan Heim, Maike Dehmer, Merle Berger-Tunkel
Disorganized speech is one of the key symptoms of schizophrenia. This article provides an overview of those areas of speech and communication impaired in patients with schizophrenia. Moreover, the state of the art of behavioral interventions is summarized. In conclusion, more well-controlled speech-language therapy studies are required in order to improve participation and communication-related quality of life in schizophrenia.
November 28, 2018: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30370855/biperiden-induced-delirium-in-a-five-years-old-child
#3
Duygu Kınay, Ahmet Zihni Soyata
OBJECTIVE: Extrapyramidal adverse effects of antipsychotic drugs are more reported in children. Biperiden is an anticholinergic agent to treat the adverse effects of antipsychotic drugs. The drug has the potential to induce delirium at toxic doses. However, data are scarce about delirium associated with biperiden in children. Thus far, a case of delirium has been associated with biperiden in an adolescent patient. We report the first case of delirium associated with use of biperiden in a preadolescent patient...
October 28, 2018: Current Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30350367/on-making-sense-an-exploration-of-wundt-s-apperceptionist-account-of-meaningful-speech
#4
Liesbet De Kock
In the wake of the critical reorientation in the historiography of psychology, a number of scholars challenged the one-sided structuralist and positivist interpretation of Wilhelm Wundt's work. This paper aims at contributing to these recent efforts, by providing an analysis of the way in which Wundt's apperceptionism conditioned his account of the relation between thought and speech, and by extrapolation, of disorganized thought and speech. While Wundt's pivotal role in the development of the psychology of language is relatively well-known, discussions on this part of his theorizing tend to focus exclusively on his gestural or motor account of language...
October 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30292069/incidence-of-postoperative-delirium-in-elderly-ambulatory-patients-a-prospective-evaluation-using-the-fam-cam-instrument
#5
Antoine G M Aya, Pierre-Henri Pouchain, Hubert Thomas, Jacques Ripart, Philippe Cuvillon
BACKGROUND: While the incidence of postoperative delirium is high in aged hospitalized patients undergoing major surgery, little is known concerning patients undergoing ambulatory surgery. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of postoperative delirium in aged patients after hospital discharge from an ambulatory surgery unit. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. PATIENTS: Elderly patients (≥75 years) scheduled for a surgical procedure on an ambulatory basis...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30232371/the-language-profile-of-formal-thought-disorder
#6
Derya Çokal, Gabriel Sevilla, William Stephen Jones, Vitor Zimmerer, Felicity Deamer, Maggie Douglas, Helen Spencer, Douglas Turkington, Nicol Ferrier, Rosemary Varley, Stuart Watson, Wolfram Hinzen
Formal thought disorder (FTD) is clinically manifested as disorganized speech, but there have been only few investigations of its linguistic properties. We examined how disturbance of thought may relate to the referential function of language as expressed in the use of noun phrases (NPs) and the complexity of sentence structures. We used a comic strip description task to elicit language samples from 30 participants with schizophrenia (SZ), 15 with moderate or severe FTD (SZ + FTD), and 15 minimal or no FTD (SZ-FTD), as well as 15 first-degree relatives of people with SZ (FDRs) and 15 neurotypical controls (NC)...
September 19, 2018: NPJ Schizophrenia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30220245/psychosis-literacy-among-latinos-with-first-episode-psychosis-and-their-caregivers
#7
Steven R López, Diana Gamez, Yesenia Mejia, Vanessa Calderon, Daisy Lopez, Jodie B Ullman, Alex Kopelowicz
OBJECTIVE: The study examined psychosis literacy among Latinos with first-episode psychosis (FEP) and their caregivers. The authors tested a model that knowledge of psychosis and attribution of illness to psychosis predicted professional help seeking in a cross-sectional design. METHODS: The sample (N=148) consisted of 79 Latino consumers who met criteria for a clinical diagnosis of a psychotic disorder and 69 family caregivers. Participants watched a four-minute narrative about a woman with psychosis and were asked to identify the symptoms of serious mental illness (knowledge of psychosis), describe the character's problem and whether she had a serious mental illness (illness attribution), and offer suggestions about what the parents should do (help seeking)...
September 17, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30196235/disorganized-and-unresolved-states-in-adulthood
#8
REVIEW
Deborah Jacobvitz, Samantha Reisz
Fear plays a central role in attachment theory and disorganization in adulthood. Fear associated with traumatic memories interferes with resolution of trauma resulting in disorganized mental states, captured as unresolved/disorganized speech surrounding loss and/or abuse in the Adult Attachment Interview. Mothers who are unresolved experience fear stemming from traumatic memories and display frightening behavior towards their infants. Disorganization can predispose individuals to dissociative mental processes, including altered states (absorption), PTSD, and depersonalization...
July 2, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30158885/do-patients-with-depression-prefer-literal-or-metaphorical-expressions-for-internal-states-evidence-from-sentence-completion-and-elicited-production
#9
Christina Kauschke, Nadine Mueller, Tilo Kircher, Arne Nagels
In everyday communication metaphoric expressions are frequently used to refer to abstract concepts, such as feelings or mental states. Patients with depression are said to prefer literal over figurative language, i.e. they may show a concreteness bias. Given that both emotional functioning and the processing of figurative language may be altered in this clinical population, our study aims at investigating whether and how these dysfunctions are reflected in the understanding and production of metaphorical expressions for internal states...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30106267/successful-treatment-of-psychosis-in-dentatorubral-pallidoluysian-atrophy-with-quetiapine-a-case-report
#10
Zui Narita, Tomiki Sumiyoshi
INTRODUCTION: Patients with dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA) sometimes elicit psychosis. First-generation antipsychotic drugs have been reported to be effective in treating psychotic symptoms associated with the disease. However, little information is available on the benefits of second-generation antipsychotic drugs (SGAs). CASE: We report on a 47-year-old man with DRPLA whose psychotic symptoms were effectively treated with quetiapine, one of the SGAs...
March 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30022955/cortical-gray-matter-loss-augmented-vulnerability-to-speech-on-speech-masking-and-delusion-in-people-with-schizophrenia
#11
Chao Wu, Yingjun Zheng, Juanhua Li, Shenglin She, Hongjun Peng, Liang Li
People with schizophrenia exhibit impairments in target-speech recognition (TSR) against multiple-talker-induced informational speech masking. Up to date, the underlying neural mechanisms and its relationships with psychotic symptoms remain largely unknown. This study aimed to investigate whether the schizophrenia-associated TSR impairment contribute to certain psychotic symptoms by sharing underlying alternations in cortical gray-matter volume (GMV) with the psychotic symptoms. Participants with schizophrenia ( N = 34) and their matched healthy controls ( N = 29) were tested for TSR against a two-talker-speech masker...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30017778/speech-structure-links-the-neural-and-socio-behavioural-correlates-of-psychotic-disorders
#12
Lena Palaniyappan, Natália Bezerra Mota, Shamuz Oowise, Vijender Balain, Mauro Copelli, Sidarta Ribeiro, Peter F Liddle
BACKGROUND: A longstanding notion in the concept of psychosis is the prominence of loosened associative links in thought processes. Assessment of such subtle aspects of thought disorders has proved to be a challenging task in clinical practice and to date no surrogate markers exist that can reliably track the physiological effects of treatments that could reduce thought disorders. Recently, automated speech graph analysis has emerged as a promising means to reliably quantify structural speech disorganization...
January 10, 2019: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928594/speech-on-speech-masking-and-psychotic-symptoms-in-schizophrenia
#13
Chao Wu, Chuanyue Wang, Liang Li
People with schizophrenia have impairments of target-speech recognition (TSR) in noisy environments with multiple people talking. This study investigated whether the TSR impairment in schizophrenia is associated with their impaired auditory working memory or certain psychotic symptoms. Thirty participants with schizophrenia (mean age = 35.2 ± 12.7 years) and 30 demographics-matched healthy controls (mean age = 32.9 ± 10.9 years) were tested for their TSR against a two-talker-speech masker...
June 2018: Schizophrenia Research. Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703662/dysregulation-of-auditory-neuroplasticity-in-schizophrenia
#14
Patrice Voss, Maryse E Thomas, Gerson D Guercio, Etienne de Villers-Sidani
Schizophrenia is a complex brain syndrome characterized by an array of positive symptoms (delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech), negative symptoms (alogia, apathy, avolition) and cognitive impairments (memory, executive functions). Although investigations of the cognitive deficits in schizophrenia have primarily concentrated on disturbances affecting higher-order cognitive processes, there is an increasing realization that schizophrenia also affects early sensory processing, which might, in fact, play a significant role in the development of higher-order cognitive impairments...
April 24, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692287/measuring-disorganized-speech-in-schizophrenia-automated-analysis-explains-variance-in-cognitive-deficits-beyond-clinician-rated-scales
#15
K S Minor, J A Willits, M P Marggraf, M N Jones, P H Lysaker
BACKGROUND: Conveying information cohesively is an essential element of communication that is disrupted in schizophrenia. These disruptions are typically expressed through disorganized symptoms, which have been linked to neurocognitive, social cognitive, and metacognitive deficits. Automated analysis can objectively assess disorganization within sentences, between sentences, and across paragraphs by comparing explicit communication to a large text corpus. METHOD: Little work in schizophrenia has tested: (1) links between disorganized symptoms measured via automated analysis and neurocognition, social cognition, or metacognition; and (2) if automated analysis explains incremental variance in cognitive processes beyond clinician-rated scales...
April 25, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413227/to-use-the-brief-psychiatric-rating-scale-to-detect-disorganized-speech-in-schizophrenia-findings-from-the-reap-ap-study
#16
Yong Chon Park, Shigenobu Kanba, Mian-Yoon Chong, Adarsh Tripathi, Roy Abraham Kallivayalil, Ajit Avasthi, Sandeep Grover, Kok Yoon Chee, Andi J Tanra, Marigarita M Maramis, Shu-Yu Yang, Norman Sartorius, Chay-Hoon Tan, Naotaka Shinfuku, Seon-Cheol Park
Our study aimed to assess the psychometric validity of the conceptual disorganization item and other items of the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) for detecting disorganized speech in patients with schizophrenia. We included 357 schizophrenia patients with disorganized speech and 1082 without disorganized speech from the survey centers in India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, and Taiwan, using the data from the Research on Asian Psychotropic Patterns for Antipsychotics (REAP-AP) study. After adjusting the effects of confounding variables, a binary logistic regression model was fitted to identify BPRS items independently associated with disorganized speech...
February 2018: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162966/a-qsar-model-of-olanzapine-derivatives-as-potential-inhibitors-for-5-ht2a-receptor
#17
Pooja Mitra, Aishwarya Rastogi, Mayank Rajpoot, Ajay Kumar, Vivek Srivastava
Schizophrenia is a complex, chronic mental disorder, affecting about 21 million people worldwide. It is characterized by symptoms, including distortions in thinking, perception, emotions, disorganized speech, sense of self and behavior. Recently, a numbers of marketed drugs for Schizophrenia are available against dopamine D2 and serotonin 5-HT2A receptors. Here, we docked Olanzapine derivatives (collected from literature) with 5-HT2A Receptor using the program AutoDock 4.2. The docked protein inhibitor complex structure was optimized using molecular dynamics simulation for 5ps with the CHARMM-22 force field using NAMD (NAnoscale Molecular Dynamics program) incorporated in visual molecular dynamics (VMD 1...
2017: Bioinformation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110334/frontotemporal-dementia-with-trans-activation-response-dna-binding-protein-43-presenting-with-catatonic-syndrome
#18
Ryohei Watanabe, Ito Kawakami, Mitsumoto Onaya, Shinji Higashi, Nobutaka Arai, Haruhiko Akiyama, Masato Hasegawa, Tetsuaki Arai
Catatonia is a clinical syndrome characterized by symptoms such as immobility, mutism, stupor, stereotypy, echophenomena, catalepsy, automatic obedience, posturing, negativism, gegenhalten and ambitendency. This syndrome occurs mostly in mood disorder and schizophrenic patients, and is related to neuronal dysfunction involving the frontal lobe. Some cases of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) with catatonia have been reported, but these cases were not examined by autopsy. Here, we report on a FTD case which showed catatonia after the first episode of brief psychotic disorder...
June 2018: Neuropathology: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982303/possible-garcinia-cambogia-induced-mania-with-psychosis-a-case-report
#19
David C Nguyen, Tysen K Timmer, Blair C Davison, Ian R McGrane
Garcinia cambogia is a Southeast Asian fruit becoming increasingly popular as a weight management supplement. Hydroxycitric acid (HCA) is the primary active ingredient which demonstrates serotonergic- and muscarinic-enhancing properties via inhibition of selective serotonin reuptake and acetylcholinesterase. We report a young adult female with no history of bipolar disorder who developed mania and psychosis approximately 1 week following initiation of G cambogia and the Cleanse and Detox™ dietary supplement manufactured by Apex Vitality Health...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653797/neural-correlates-of-formal-thought-disorder-an-activation-likelihood-estimation-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Tobias Wensing, Edna C Cieslik, Veronika I Müller, Felix Hoffstaedter, Simon B Eickhoff, Thomas Nickl-Jockschat
Formal thought disorder (FTD) refers to a psychopathological dimension characterized by disorganized and incoherent speech. Whether symptoms of FTD arise from aberrant processing in language-related regions or more general cognitive networks, however, remains debated. Here, we addressed this question by a quantitative meta-analysis of published functional neuroimaging studies on FTD. The revised Activation Likelihood Estimation (ALE) algorithm was used to test for convergent aberrant activation changes in 18 studies (30 experiments) investigating FTD, of which 17 studies comprised schizophrenia patients and one study healthy subjects administered to S-ketamine...
October 2017: Human Brain Mapping
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