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Paracetamol vaccination

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30004399/double-dosing-and-other-dangers-with-non-prescription-medicines-pharmacists-views-and-experiences
#1
Natalie Gauld, Tracey Sullivan
The aim of this paper was to explore pharmacists' views on reclassifications from pharmacy-only to general sales and their experiences with the supply of these medicines, in addition to pharmacists' views on the reclassification of the shingles vaccine and sildenafil to be available through 'accredited' pharmacists. New Zealand community pharmacists were surveyed in 2013 with a written questionnaire of six Likert-style or open-ended questions sent to Pharmacy Guild member pharmacies. The analysis involved descriptive statistics...
July 2, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597245/the-relevancy-of-paracetamol-and-breastfeeding-post-infant-vaccination-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Nurain Suleiman, Siti Hadijah Shamsuddin, Razman Mohd Rus, Shamsul Drahman, Mai Nurul Ashikin Mohd Taib
Background: Paracetamol may be used as an antipyretic agent for the treatment of fever, as well as an analgesic in the treatment of mild to moderate pain post-vaccination in infants. The use of paracetamol during fever may be or may not be recommended since it may alter the natural human body immune response, although it may reduce pain. Objectives: The aims of this study are to describe the effectiveness of breastfeeding in reducing pain and paracetamol in reducing fever and pain post infant vaccination. Methods: Data sources and study selection was conducted by electronic searching of six databases...
March 28, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327281/effect-of-early-natal-supplementation-of-paracetamol-on-attenuation-of-exotoxin-endotoxin-induced-pyrexia-and-precipitation-of-autistic-like-features-in-albino-rats
#3
Abdulaziz S Saeedan, Indu Singh, Mohd Nazam Ansari, Manjari Singh, Jitendra K Rawat, Uma Devi, Swetlana Gautam, Rajnish K Yadav, Gaurav Kaithwas
The present study was aimed to test the hypothesis that paracetamol (PCM) can precipitate autistic like features when used to counteract vaccine-induced fever using experimental rat pups. The pups were treated with measles mumps rubella (MMR) vaccine, diphtheria tetanus and pertussis (DPT) vaccines and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) with subsequent PCM treatment. The pups were evaluated for postnatal growth (weight gain, eye opening) and behavior alterations (swimming performance, olfactory discrimination, negative geotaxis, nociception, and locomotor activity) by performing battery of neurobehavioral test...
August 2018: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246475/estimating-primary-care-attendance-rates-for-fever-in-infants-after-meningococcal-b-vaccination-in-england-using-national-syndromic-surveillance-data
#4
Sally Harcourt, Roger A Morbey, Chris Bates, Helen Carter, Shamez N Ladhani, Simon de Lusignan, Gillian E Smith, Alex J Elliot
BACKGROUND: In September 2015, the United Kingdom became the first country to introduce the multicomponent group B meningococcal vaccine (4CMenB) into a national infant immunisation programme. In early clinical trials 51-61% of infants developed a fever when 4CMenB was administered with other routine vaccines. Whilst administration of prophylactic paracetamol is advised, up to 3% of parents may seek medical advice for fever following vaccination. We used research-level general practitioner consultations to identify any increase in attendances for all-cause fever in vaccine-eligible infants following 4CMenB introduction in England...
January 25, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637642/emergency-department-attendance-following-4-component-meningococcal-b-vaccination-in-infants
#5
Sarah Kapur, Thomas Bourke, Julie-Ann Maney, Paul Moriarty
INTRODUCTION: In September 2015, the UK became the first country in the world to introduce the 4-component meningococcal B vaccine(4CMenB) into the routine vaccine schedule for infants. 4CMenB is known to cause fever in infants. Infants presenting with fever, particularly those under 3 months, have a significant risk of serious bacterial infection(SBI). METHOD: Between September 2015 and January 2016, we performed a prospective audit of management of infants between 30 and 180 days attending the regional paediatric emergency department(ED) in Northern Ireland, within 4 days of receiving 4CMenB...
October 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473508/uk-parents-attitudes-towards-meningococcal-group-b-menb-vaccination-a-qualitative-analysis
#6
Cath Jackson, Joanne Yarwood, Vanessa Saliba, Helen Bedford
OBJECTIVES: (1) To explore existing knowledge of, and attitudes, to group B meningococcal disease and serogroup B meningococcal (MenB) vaccine among parents of young children. (2) To seek views on their information needs. DESIGN: Cross-sectional qualitative study using individual and group interviews conducted in February and March 2015, prior to the introduction of MenB vaccine (Bexsero) into the UK childhood immunisation schedule. SETTING: Community centres, mother and toddler groups, parents' homes and workplaces in London and Yorkshire...
May 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449972/effect-of-prophylactic-or-therapeutic-administration-of-paracetamol-on-immune-response-to-dtwp-hepb-hib-combination-vaccine-in-indian-infants
#7
Arijit Sil, Mandyam D Ravi, Badri N Patnaik, Mandeep S Dhingra, Martin Dupuy, Dulari J Gandhi, Sangappa M Dhaded, Anand P Dubey, Ritabrata Kundu, Sanjay K Lalwani, Jugesh Chhatwal, Leni G Mathew, Madhu Gupta, Shiv D Sharma, Sandeep B Bavdekar, Soumya P Rout, Midde V Jayanth, Naveena A D'Cor, Somnath A Mangarule, Suresh Ravinuthala, Jagadeesh Reddy E
BACKGROUND: Vaccination is considered as the most cost effective method for preventing infectious diseases. Low grade fever is a known adverse effect of vaccination. In India, it is a common clinical practice to prescribe paracetamol either prophylactically or therapeutically to manage fever. Some studies have shown that paracetamol interferes with antibody responses following immunization. This manuscript reports the outcome of a post hoc analysis of data from a clinical trial of a pentavalent vaccine in Indian infants where paracetamol was not used or was used either as prophylaxis or for treatment of fever...
May 19, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262330/a-randomized-study-of-fever-prophylaxis-and-the-immunogenicity-of-routine-pediatric-vaccinations
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jacek Wysocki, Kimberly J Center, Jerzy Brzostek, Ewa Majda-Stanislawska, Henryk Szymanski, Leszek Szenborn, Hanna Czajka, Barbara Hasiec, Jerzy Dziduch, Teresa Jackowska, Anita Witor, Elżbieta Kopińska, Ryszard Konior, Peter C Giardina, Vani Sundaraiyer, Scott Patterson, William C Gruber, Daniel A Scott, Alejandra Gurtman
OBJECTIVE: Prophylactic antipyretic use during pediatric vaccination is common. This study assessed whether paracetamol or ibuprofen prophylaxis interfere with immune responses to the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) given concomitantly with the combined DTaP/HBV/IPV/Hib vaccine. METHODS: Subjects received prophylactic paracetamol or ibuprofen at 0, 6-8, and 12-16 h after vaccination, or 6-8 and 12-16 h after vaccination at 2, 3, 4, and 12months of age...
April 4, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810155/2016-update-of-the-italian-pediatric-society-guidelines-for-management-of-fever-in-children
#9
REVIEW
Elena Chiappini, Elisabetta Venturini, Giulia Remaschi, Nicola Principi, Riccardo Longhi, Pier-Angelo Tovo, Paolo Becherucci, Francesca Bonsignori, Susanna Esposito, Filippo Festini, Luisa Galli, Bice Lucchesi, Alessandro Mugelli, Gian Luigi Marseglia, Maurizio de Martino
OBJECTIVE: To review new scientific evidence to update the Italian guidelines for managing fever in children as drafted by the panel of the Italian Pediatric Society. STUDY DESIGN: Relevant publications in English and Italian were identified through search of MEDLINE and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from May 2012 to November 2015. RESULTS: Previous recommendations are substantially reaffirmed. Antipyretics should be administered with the purpose to control the child's discomfort...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662261/children-s-medicine-what-do-consumers-really-want-to-know
#10
Clara Crunkhorn, Mieke van Driel, Van Nguyen, Treasure McGuire
AIM: This study explored consumer knowledge gaps and concerns regarding medication use in children. METHODS: Calls concerning or made by people under 18 to the pharmacist-operated, national consumer medicines call centre National Prescribing Service Medicines Line (2002 to June 2010) were analysed. Calls were classified and narratively explored by age group: <1, 1-4, 5-14 and 15-17 years. Consumer Medication Information (CMI) and evidence-based resources were examined to determine information concordance for common questions...
February 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617511/study-pertaining-to-the-hypothermic-activity-of-plumeria-rubra-linn-in-pge1-and-tab-vaccine-induced-pyrexia-models-in-rabbits
#11
I A Khan, A Aziz, M A Raza, M Saleem, S Bashir, A M Alvi
Objective: Plumeria rubra, Linn is a potent medicinal plant in the global systems of medicine. The objective of the present work was to study the antipyretic activity of the plant: Plumeria rubra, Linn is belonging to the family Apocynaceae. Materials and Methods: In the present study the methanolic extracts of the bark of Plumeria rubra, Linn were studied for their antipyretic activity by Typhoid vaccine (TAB) and Prostaglandin E (PGE1) induced pyrexia in rabbits...
August 13, 2015: West Indian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541270/effects-of-prophylactic-ibuprofen-and-paracetamol-administration-on-the-immunogenicity-and-reactogenicity-of-the-10-valent-pneumococcal-non-typeable-haemophilus-influenzae-protein-d-conjugated-vaccine-phid-cv-co-administered-with-dtpa-combined-vaccines-in-children
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Oana Falup-Pecurariu, Sorin C Man, Mihai L Neamtu, Gratiana Chicin, Ginel Baciu, Carmen Pitic, Alexandra C Cara, Andrea E Neculau, Marin Burlea, Ileana L Brinza, Cristina N Schnell, Valentina Sas, Valeriu V Lupu, Nancy François, Kristien Swinnen, Dorota Borys
Prophylactic paracetamol administration impacts vaccine immune response; this study ( www.clinicaltrials.gov : NCT01235949) is the first to assess PHiD-CV immunogenicity following prophylactic ibuprofen administration. In this phase IV, multicenter, open-label, randomized, controlled, non-inferiority study in Romania (November 2010-December 2012), healthy infants were randomized 3:3:3:1:1:1 to prophylactically receive immediate, delayed or no ibuprofen (IIBU, DIBU, NIBU) or paracetamol (IPARA, DPARA, NPARA) after each of 3 primary doses (PHiD-CV at age 3/4/5 months co-administered with DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib at 3/5 and DTPa-IPV/Hib at 4 months) or booster dose (PHiD-CV and DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib; 12-15 months)...
March 4, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323550/zika-virus-infection-vertical-transmission-and-foetal-congenital-anomalies
#13
EDITORIAL
Aziz-un-Nisa Abbasi
Zika virus (ZIKV) is an arbovirus belonging to flaviviridae family that includes Dengue, West Nile, and Yellow Fever among others. Zika virus was first discovered in 1947 in Zika forest of Uganda. It is a vector borne disease, which has been sporadically reported mostly from Africa, Pacific islands and Southeast Asia since its discovery. ZIKV infection presents as a mild illness with symptoms lasting for several days to a week after the bite of an infected mosquito. Majority of the patients have low grade fever, rash, headaches, joints pain, myalgia, and flu like symptoms...
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27203165/-adverse-drug-reactions-in-pediatrics-experience-of-a-regional-pharmacovigilance-center
#14
Caroline Saint-Martin, Lukshe Kanagaratnam, Paul de Boissieu, Brahim Azzouz, Malak Abou Taam, Thierry Trenque
AIM: To describe the adverse drug reactions (ADR) and the drugs involved in pediatrics. METHODS: An observational study on all ADR notifications recorded in the French pharmacovigilance database by the Regional Pharmacovigilance Center of Champagne-Ardenne between 1 January 1985 and 31 December 2014 involving children from 0 to 17 years inclusive was performed. For all notifications, we studied the patient and the ADR characteristics. RESULTS: During the study period, 632 notifications were collected...
October 2016: Thérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26842844/differences-in-predictors-of-5-year-survival-over-a-10-year-period-in-two-cohorts-of-elderly-nursing-home-residents-in-sweden
#15
Märta Sund Levander, Anna Milberg, Nils Rodhe, Pia Tingström, Ewa Grodzinsky
AIM: The aim was to compare 5-year survival in two included cohorts (from year 2000 and year 2007) of 249 nursing home residents (NHR) in this retrospective, comparative study. METHODS: The cohorts were compared regarding chronic diseases, medication, physical/cognitive/nutritional status, body mass index, body temperature and 5-year mortality. Factors correlated with 5-year survival were determined using Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: In average, cohort 2007 survived 31 ± 16 months and cohort 2000, 38 ± 13 months, p < 0...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26619037/vaccines-for-the-prevention-of-meningococcal-capsular-group-b-disease-what-have-we-recently-learned
#16
REVIEW
Jamie Findlow
Meningococcal disease remains a feared and devastating cause of sepsis and meningitis. Disease incidence is highest among infants and children although a significant burden of disease is experienced by adolescents, young adults and those with specific risk-factors. Prevention of disease against capsular groups A, C, W and Y; 4 of the 5 most pathogenic groups is achievable using capsular polysaccharide vaccines. It has only recently been possible to provide protection against capsular group B (MenB) strains following the licensure of a 4 component group B vaccine (4CMenB) in Europe in 2013...
2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26586519/question-1-does-prophylactic-paracetamol-prevent-fever-after-vaccination-in-infants
#17
REVIEW
Serena Braccio, Vanessa Saliba, Mary Ramsay, Shamez N Ladhani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26434181/meningitis-vaccine-should-be-followed-up-with-paracetamol
#18
Nicola Merrifield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2, 2015: Nursing Times
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26433141/the-introduction-of-the-meningococcal-b-menb-vaccine-bexsero%C3%A2-into-the-national-infant-immunisation-programme-new-challenges-for-public-health
#19
REVIEW
Shamez N Ladhani, Helen Campbell, Sydel R Parikh, Vanessa Saliba, Ray Borrow, Mary Ramsay
The United Kingdom is the first country to introduce Bexsero(®) (GSK Biologicals), a multicomponent, protein-based vaccine against meningococcal group B (MenB), into the national infant immunisation programme. This vaccine is like no other licensed vaccine and poses a number of implementation and surveillance challenges in England. From 01 September 2015, UK infants were offered a reduced two dose primary immunisation schedule at 2 and 4 months followed by a booster at 12 months. Because of high rates of fever post-vaccination, parents were advised to give their infants three doses of prophylactic paracetamol, with the first dose given as soon as possible after the primary MenB vaccination dose...
December 2015: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25977563/drug-use-in-french-children-a-population-based-study
#20
Anne Bénard-Laribière, Jérémy Jové, Régis Lassalle, Philip Robinson, Cécile Droz-Perroteau, Pernelle Noize
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of drug use in outpatient children in France, a population-based study using a national reimbursement claims database representative of 90% of the French population was conducted. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study performed between January and December 2011 using the EGB database (Echantillon Généraliste de Bénéficiaires), a 1/97th sample of the national healthcare insurance system beneficiaries. Drug use in children <18 years old was estimated through reimbursements for prescribed drugs excluding vaccines...
October 2015: Archives of Disease in Childhood
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