keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hypoalbuminaemia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30096909/iga-deficiency-and-nephrotic-syndrome-in-children
#1
Lorenza Di Genova, Stefania Ceppi, Maurizio Stefanelli, Susanna Esposito
Background : Imunoglobulin A (IgA) deficiency (IgAD) is the most common form of primary immunodeficiency in Western countries. There have been several reports on IgAD complicated by glomerulonephritis in adults, but only very few cases of IgAD with nephropathy have been reported in children. We present two cases of IgAD with relapsing nephrotic syndrome in pediatric age. Case presentation : A 4-year-old boy and a 2-year-old boy presented with bilateral periorbital oedema and weight gain. The results of laboratory tests revealed IgAD (IgA < 7 mg/dL), normal creatinine, hypoprotidaemia, hypoalbuminaemia, and nephrotic proteinuria...
August 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30094176/debilitating-disease-in-a-polyparasitised-woylie-bettongia-penicillata-a-diagnostic-investigation
#2
Amy S Northover, Aileen D Elliot, Sarah Keatley, Ziyuan Lim, Adriana Botero, Amanda Ash, Alan J Lymbery, Adrian F Wayne, Stephanie S Godfrey, R C Andrew Thompson
During monitoring of critically endangered woylie ( Bettongia penicillata ) populations within the south-west of Western Australia, an adult female woylie was euthanased after being found in extremely poor body condition with diffuse alopecia, debilitating skin lesions and severe ectoparasite infestation. Trypanosoma copemani G2 and Sarcocystis sp. were detected molecularly within tissue samples collected post-mortem. Potorostrongylus woyliei and Paraustrostrongylus sp. nematodes were present within the stomach and small intestine, respectively...
December 2018: International Journal for Parasitology. Parasites and Wildlife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30091149/association-of-albumin-and-cholesterol-levels-with-incidence-of-hypoglycaemia-in-people-admitted-to-general-internal-medicine-units
#3
E Leibovitz, J Wainstein, M Boaz
AIM: To study the association between serum albumin and cholesterol levels at hospital admission and incident hypoglycaemia among people admitted to internal medicine units. METHODS: In this cross-sectional analysis, we examined the electronic medical records of people hospitalized in internal medicine departments. Data extracted included all glucose measurements as well as serum albumin and cholesterol, which were measured upon admission. A hypoglycaemia event was recorded for a given person if at least one glucose measurement of ≤ 3...
August 8, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30032856/kidney-injury-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-lack-of-correlation-between-clinical-and-histological-data
#4
Celeste Fulgeri, J Daniel Carpio, Leopoldo Ardiles
BACKGROUND: The existence and type of renal involvement influences the prognosis of systemic lupus erythematosus and this information may be critical when it comes to taking appropriate therapeutic decisions. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate statistical correlations between clinical and histological data in patients with biopsied lupus nephropathy. METHODS: Review of clinical information in adult kidney biopsy requests reported between 2002 and 2014 with a definitive clinical and histopathological diagnosis of renal involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus...
July 2018: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29975652/systemic-oxidative-stress-in-suffolk-and-santa-ines-sheep-experimentally-infected-with-haemonchus-contortus
#5
Lillian Baptistiolli, Luis Gustavo Narciso, Breno Fernando Martins de Almeida, Anelise Maria Bosco, Jucilene Conceição de Souza, Rafaela Beatriz Pintor Torrecilha, Priscila Préve Pereira, Renata Nogueira Figueiredo, José Fernando Garcia, Carlos Noriyuki Kaneto, Paulo César Ciarlini
The mechanisms responsible for the imbalance between oxidants and antioxidants in sheep infected with Haemonchus contortus are not well established. This study aimed to prove the hypothesis that oxidative stress occurring during infection by H. contortus varies according to breed, and that the parasite burden correlates with hypoalbuminaemia and anaemia. Thus, after deworming and confirming the absence of infection, two different sheep breeds, Suffolk (n = 15) and Santa Ines (n = 22), were orally inoculated with a single dose of 5,000 L3 of H...
September 25, 2018: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29962358/gastrointestinal-involvement-in-kawasaki-disease-a-case-report
#6
Denizhan Bagrul, Elif G Karadeniz, Serhat Koca
Kawasaki disease is an acute febrile multisystem vasculitis. The term Incomplete Kawasaki disease is used in the presence of a minimum of two diagnostic criteria of clinical Kawasaki syndrome accompanied by at least 5 days of fever, the absence of any other reasons characterising the disease, and the presence of severe systemic inflammation findings. Gastrointestinal symptoms, notably diarrhoea, abdominal pain, and vomiting, frequently occur, and elevated serum aminotransferases, gallbladder hydrops, and rarely other forms of gastrointestinal involvement such as ischaemic colitis, intussusception, hepatic necrosis, splenic infarct, intestinal pseudo-obstruction, colitis, and colon oedema are also reported...
August 2018: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860319/caspofungin-dosage-adjustments-are-not-required-for-patients-with-child-pugh-b-or-c-cirrhosis
#7
Thierry Gustot, Rob Ter Heine, Elisa Brauns, Frédéric Cotton, Frédérique Jacobs, Roger J Brüggemann
Background: Controversies remain over caspofungin dosage adjustments in cirrhosis, particularly Child-Pugh (CP) B or C. The product information for of caspofungin recommends a maintenance dose reduction from 50 to 35 mg for patients with CP-B cirrhosis. Objectives: To quantify the impact of cirrhosis and the severity of hepatic impairment on the pharmacokinetics (PK) of caspofungin. Patients and methods: We performed PK studies of a single 70 mg dose of caspofungin in patients with decompensated CP-B (n = 10) or CP-C (n = 10) cirrhosis and of multiple doses in 21 non-cirrhotic ICU patients with hypoalbuminaemia...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774052/therapeutic-drug-monitoring-of-vedolizumab-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-current-data-and-future-directions
#8
REVIEW
Mark G Ward, Miles P Sparrow, Xavier Roblin
The introduction of vedolizumab, a lymphocyte adhesion inhibitor, has expanded the relatively limited therapeutic armamentarium available for Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Despite its effectiveness, both primary nonresponse and secondary loss of response to vedolizumab do occur, as is observed with the use of anti-tumour necrosis factor (TNF) therapy. Further, in a proportion, onset of efficacy may be relatively slow. A large body of data support an exposure-response relationship with anti-TNF drug levels, which has led to therapeutic drug monitoring becoming incorporated into everyday clinical management...
2018: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589604/nephrotic-syndrome-in-adults
#9
Viyaasan Mahalingasivam, John Booth, Michael Sheaff, Magdi Yaqoob
Nephrotic syndrome is an important presentation of glomerular disease characterised by heavy proteinuria, hypoalbuminaemia and oedema. The differential diagnosis of the underlying condition is wide including primary renal disorders and secondary diseases such as malignancy, infection, diabetes and amyloid. Presentations to acute medicine may be with hypervolaemia, complications of the nephrotic state (such as venous thromboembolism), or complications of therapy (such as infection). Early recognition of nephrotic syndrome is possible through simple urinalysis for protein and testing serum albumin, although a high index of suspicion is sometimes required in patients with comorbidities including potentially distracting cardiac or hepatic diseases...
2018: Acute Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554944/first-report-of-leishmania-infantum-infection-in-the-endangered-orangutan-pongo-pygmaeus-pygmaeus-in-madrid-spain
#10
Guadalupe Miró, Amelia Troyano, Ana Montoya, Fernando Fariñas, Ma Luisa Fermín, Luís Flores, Carlos Rojo, Rocío Checa, Rosa Gálvez, Valentina Marino, Cristina Fragío, Eva Martínez-Nevado
BACKGROUND: Some wild animals have been recognized as potential reservoirs of Leishmania infantum infection (e.g. carnivores, lagomorphs, rodents, etc.). Leishmania infantum was also identified infecting humans and lagomorphs (i.e. hares and rabbits) over the period of 2009-2016, with the latter acting as the main reservoirs involved in the human leishmaniosis outbreak in Madrid. RESULTS: Two cases of clinical leishmaniosis are reported in orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus pygmaeus) housed at two different centres in Madrid...
March 20, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548009/duration-of-exposure-to-multiple-antibiotics-is-associated-with-increased-risk-of-vre-bacteraemia-a-nested-case-control-study
#11
Theodore Gouliouris, Ben Warne, Edward J P Cartwright, Luke Bedford, Chathika K Weerasuriya, Kathy E Raven, Nick M Brown, M Estée Török, Direk Limmathurotsakul, Sharon J Peacock
Background: VRE bacteraemia has a high mortality and continues to defy control. Antibiotic risk factors for VRE bacteraemia have not been adequately defined. We aimed to determine the risk factors for VRE bacteraemia focusing on duration of antibiotic exposure. Methods: A retrospective matched nested case-control study was conducted amongst hospitalized patients at Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (CUH) from 1 January 2006 to 31 December 2012...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521637/risk-factors-for-lethal-outcome-in-patients-with-pemphigus-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Khalaf Kridin, Shira Zelber-Sagi, Reuven Bergman
Although pemphigus is associated with increased mortality, little is known regarding factors that influence prognosis. To identify prognostic factors for mortality at five- and 10-year periods after an initial diagnosis of pemphigus. A retrospective cohort study was performed. Data were collected for all patients with a new diagnosis of pemphigus between 1990 and 2011, who were actively followed for at least five years at our centre. The endpoint was overall survival at five and 10 years after pemphigus diagnosis...
February 1, 2018: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511368/bone-turnover-status-classification-model-and-clinical-implications
#13
Alexander Fisher, Leon Fisher, Wichat Srikusalanukul, Paul N Smith
Aim: To develop a practical model for classification bone turnover status and evaluate its clinical usefulness. Methods: Our classification of bone turnover status is based on internationally recommended biomarkers of both bone formation (N-terminal propeptide of type1 procollagen, P1NP) and bone resorption (beta C-terminal cross-linked telopeptide of type I collagen, bCTX), using the cutoffs proposed as therapeutic targets. The relationships between turnover subtypes and clinical characteristic were assessed in1223 hospitalised orthogeriatric patients (846 women, 377 men; mean age 78...
2018: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457576/hypoalbuminaemia-as-a-marker-of-trans-capillary-leakage-in-community-acquired-bacteraemia-patients
#14
K O Gradel, P J Vinholt, B Magnussen, C Pedersen, T G Jensen, H J Kolmos, A T Lassen
Community-acquired bacteraemia patients (n = 2472), Denmark, 2000-2008. Albumin, C-reactive protein (CRP) and haemoglobin (Hb) measured 2000-2010. We assessed daily mean levels of albumin, CRP and Hb from 30 days before to 30 days after bacteraemia and correlations between albumin vs. CRP and albumin vs. Hb. In linear regression models, we evaluated the contribution of CRP, Hb, chronic and acute variables to the albumin level variations. The mean albumin level (33.6 g/l) was steady before day 1, declined to 29...
April 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398341/inflammation-and-nutritional-status-assessment-by-malnutrition-inflammation-score-and-its-outcome-in-pre-dialysis-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#15
D Jagadeswaran, E Indhumathi, A J Hemamalini, V Sivakumar, P Soundararajan, M Jayakumar
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition-inflammation complex syndrome (MICS), hyperhomocysteinemia, calcium and phosphate levels derangement have been predicted as important contributing factors for the progression of cardiovascular burden. Among patients with earlier stage of CKD, hypoalbuminaemia and inflammation deliberated as non-traditional cardiovascular risk factors, which add more burden to circulatory disease, mortality and rapid advancement to CKD stage 5. AIM: The aim of the study is to evaluate inflammation and nutritional status of CKD patients not on dialysis using Malnutrition inflammation score (MIS) and to verify the association with mortality in the follow-up period...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363235/e7777-in-japanese-patients-with-relapsed-refractory-peripheral-and-cutaneous-t-cell-lymphoma-a-phase-i-study
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Ken Ohmachi, Kiyoshi Ando, Michinori Ogura, Toshiki Uchida, Kensei Tobinai, Dai Maruyama, Masayuki Namiki, Tadashi Nakanishi
E7777, a recombinant cytotoxic fusion protein comprising diphtheria toxin fragments A and B and human interleukin-2, shares an amino acid sequence with denileukin diftitox but has improved purity and an increased percentage of active protein monomer species. A phase I study was carried out to evaluate the tolerability, safety, pharmacokinetics, and antitumor activity of E7777 in Japanese patients with relapsed/refractory peripheral and cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. E7777 (6, 12, and expanded 9 μg/kg/day) was given to 13 patients by i...
March 2018: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359461/risk-factors-for-30-day-complications-after-cancer-surgery-in-geriatric-patients-a-secondary-analysis
#17
K Scholtz, C D Spies, R Mörgeli, R Eckardt, V von Dossow, S Braun, J Sehouli, M Bahra, C G Stief, K-D Wernecke, M Schmidt
BACKGROUND: The aim was to analyse the association between severity of complications up to 30 days after surgery and pre-operative nutritional and physical performance parameters. METHODS: The participants were a subsample of the previously published PERATECS study (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01278537) and included 517 onco-geriatric patients aged ≥ 65 years, undergoing thoracoabdominal, gynaecological, or urological surgery. Post-operative complications were classified according to the Clavien Classification System (CCS)...
April 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352844/hypoalbuminaemia-in-antineutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody-associated-vasculitis-incidence-and-significance
#18
Peng-Cheng Xu, Zhi-Ying Tong, Tong Chen, Shan Gao, Shui-Yi Hu, Xiao-Wei Yang, Tie-Kun Yan, Shan Lin
OBJECTIVES: Hypoalbuminaemia has been proved to be a biomarker of poor prognosis in many diseases. The objective of this study was to investigate the significance of hypoalbuminaemia in antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV). METHODS: Data of 117 AAV patients were analysed retrospectively. The relationship between hypoalbuminaemia and disease severity were studied. The influence of albumin on the pathogenetic role of ANCA was investigated in vitro...
July 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345306/hypoalbuminaemia-segregates-different-prognostic-subgroups-within-the-refined-standard-risk-acute-graft-versus-host-disease-score
#19
Mohamed A Kharfan-Dabaja, Kyle Sheets, Ambuj Kumar, Hemant S Murthy, Taiga Nishihori, Athanasios Tsalatsanis, Alain Mina, John Mathews, Ernesto Ayala, Julio Chavez, Lia E Perez, Brian C Betts, Claudio Anasetti, Joseph Pidala
Hypoalbuminaemia has been previously described to predict worse non-relapse mortality (NRM) and inferior overall survival (OS) in allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplant (allo-HCT) recipients. Here, we evaluate the role of hypoalbuminaemia (<35 g/l) at time of onset of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) when incorporated into the refined aGVHD score. The study population consisted of 522 patients, median age 53 (18-75) years, who underwent an allo-HCT mostly for haematological malignancies. Standard risk (SR) aGVHD comprised 467 patients (89%) and the number of high risk (HR) cases was 55 (11%)...
January 18, 2018: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222892/benefit-of-oral-nutritional-supplements-for-children-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukaemia-during-remission-induction-chemotherapy-a-quasi-experimental-study
#20
Rui Liang, Gai-Yun Chen, San-Xian Fu, Jie Zhong, Yan Ma
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of oral nutritional supplements (ONS) on children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia undergoing remission-induction chemotherapy. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We included 127 paediatric patients who were diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and undergoing remission- induction chemotherapy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. Children from two paediatric wards who met the inclusion criteria were enrolled...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
keyword
keyword
160981
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"