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Luc Beaulieu, Dee-Ann Radford, J Eduardo Villarreal-Barajas
The Canadian Organization of Medical Physicists (COMP), in close partnership with the Canadian Partnership for Quality Radiotherapy (CPQR) has developed a series of Technical Quality Control (TQC) guidelines for radiation treatment equipment. These guidelines outline the performance objectives that equipment should meet in order to ensure an acceptable level of radiation treatment quality. The TQC guidelines have been rigorously reviewed and field tested in a variety of Canadian radiation treatment facilities...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
Juliana Vieira Dias, Celine Gloaguen, Dimitri Kereselidze, Line Manens, Karine Tack, Teni G Ebrahimian
A central question in radiation protection research is whether low-dose and low-dose-rate (LDR) exposures to ionizing radiation play a role in progression of cardiovascular disease. The response of endothelial cells to different LDR exposures may help estimate risk of cardiovascular disease by providing the biological mechanism involved. We investigated the effect of chronic LDR radiation on functional and molecular responses of human aorta endothelial cells (HAoECs). Human aorta endothelial cells were continuously irradiated at LDR (6 mGy/h) for 15 days and analyzed at time points when the cumulative dose reached 0...
January 2018: Dose-response: a Publication of International Hormesis Society
Tae Yoon Lee, Kyudong Han, Dwhyte O Barrett, Sunggook Park, Steven A Soper, Michael C Murphy
A method for the design, construction, and assembly of modular, polymer-based, microfluidic devices using simple micro-assembly technology was demonstrated to build an integrated fluidic system consisting of vertically stacked modules for carrying out multi-step molecular assays. As an example of the utility of the modular system, point mutation detection using the ligase detection reaction (LDR) following amplification by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was carried out. Fluid interconnects and standoffs ensured that temperatures in the vertically stacked reactors were within ± 0...
January 2018: Sensors and Actuators. B, Chemical
Sunil W Dutta, Kristine Bauer-Nilsen, Jason C Sanders, Daniel M Trifiletti, Bruce Libby, Donna H Lash, Melody Lain, Deborah Christodoulou, Constance Hodge, Timothy N Showalter
PURPOSE: To evaluate the delivery cost of frequently used radiotherapy options offered to patients with intermediate- to high-risk prostate cancer using time-driven activity-based costing and compare the results with Medicare reimbursement and relative value units (RVUs). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Process maps were created to represent each step of prostate radiotherapy treatment at our institution. Salary data, equipment purchase costs, and consumable costs were factored into the cost analysis...
March 5, 2018: Brachytherapy
Myriam Laprise-Pelletier, Yunzhi Ma, Jean Lagueux, Marie-France Côté, Luc Beaulieu, Marc-André Fortin
Gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) distributed in the vicinity of low-dose rate (LDR) brachytherapy seeds, could multiply their efficacy thanks to the secondary emissions induced by the photoelectric effect. Injections of radioactive LDR gold nanoparticles (LDR Au NPs), instead of conventional millimetre-size radioactive seeds surrounded by Au NPs, could further enhance the dose by distributing the radioactivity more precisely and homogeneously in tumors. However, the potential of LDR Au NPs as an emerging strategy to treat cancer is strongly dependent on the macroscopic diffusion of the NPs in tumors, as well as on their microscopic internalization within the cells...
March 2, 2018: ACS Nano
Carla Freiberger, Vanessa Berneking, Thomas-Alexander Vögeli, Ruth Kirschner-Hermanns, Michael J Eble, Michael Pinkawa
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate quality-of-life changes up to 10 years following three different radiotherapy concepts. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In the years 2000-2003, 295 patients were treated with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT; n = 135; 70.2 Gy in 1.8 Gy fractions), low-dose-rate brachytherapy (LDR-BT with I-125; n = 94; 145 Gy), and high-dose-rate brachytherapy (HDR-BT with Ir-192; n = 66; 18 Gy in two fractions using 4-6 needles) as a boost to EBRT (50...
February 26, 2018: Brachytherapy
Lei Zhou, Xiaoying Zhang, Hui Li, Chao Niu, Dehai Yu, Guozi Yang, Xinyue Liang, Xue Wen, Min Li, Jiuwei Cui
Although low-dose radiation (LDR) possesses the two distinct functions of inducing hormesis and adaptive responses, which result in immune enhancement and tumor inhibition, its clinical applications have not yet been elucidated. The major obstacle that hinders the application of LDR in the clinical setting is that the mechanisms underlying induction of tumor inhibition are unclear, and the risks associated with LDR are still unknown. Thus, to overcome this obstacle and elucidate the mechanisms mediating the antitumor effects of LDR, in this study, we established an in vivo lung cancer model to investigate the participation of the immune system in LDR-induced tumor inhibition and validated the pivotal role of the immune system by impairing immunity with high-dose radiation (HDR) of 1 Gy...
February 25, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Eiichiro Okazaki, Katsuyuki Kuratsukuri, Kentaro Ishii, Tomoaki Tanaka, Ryo Ogino, Tomohiro Nishikawa, Hideyuki Morimoto, Masako Hosono, Yukio Miki
Purpose: To evaluate the correlations of post-implant regional dosimetrics at 24 hours (24 h) and 1 month after implant procedures, with clinical outcomes of low-dose-rate (LDR) brachytherapy for localized prostate cancer. Material and methods: Between January 2008 and December 2014, 130 consecutive patients treated for localized prostate cancer, receiving definitive iodine-125 ( 125 I) brachytherapy treatment were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent post-implant CT imaging for dosimetric analysis at 24 h and 1 month after implantation procedure...
December 2017: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
K C M Gulay, I B Tanaka, J Komura, S Tanaka
Pregnant C57BL/6JJcl mice were exposed to γ rays at low dose rate (20 mGy/day, LDR) or medium dose rate (200 and 400 mGy/day, MDR) from gestation day (GD) 0-18 to total accumulated doses of 360, 3,600 and 7,200 mGy, respectively. An additional group of pregnant mice were acutely exposed to 2 Gy at high dose rate (HDR) of 0.77 Gy/min on GD 11. In experiment 1, fetuses collected via cesarean section on GD 18 were examined for external and skeletal abnormalities. While the results of LDR exposure (20 mGy/day) did not significantly differ from the nonirradiated controls in all parameters examined, MDR (200 and 400 mGy/day) and acute HDR (2 Gy) exposure caused growth retardation and significantly increased incidence of unossified bones...
February 13, 2018: Radiation Research
Di Zhang, Li Huang, Bing Liu, Haibin Ni, Liangdong Sun, Enben Su, Hongyuan Chen, Zhongze Gu, Xiangwei Zhao
Rapid and sensitive quantification of multiplex proteins in a wide concentration range is challenging in high throughput analysis. Herein, we proposed a lateral flow assay (LFA) based on core-shell surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) nanotags for multiplex and quantitative detection of cardiac biomarkers for the early diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). In practice, Raman dyes (RDs) were embedded into the interior-gap of silver core and gold shell nanoparticles (NPs) to form SERS nanotags as labels instead of gold colloids and three test lines were employed in the strip for the detection of three cardiac biomarkers, Myo, cTnI, and CK-MB, respectively...
February 1, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Nan Yu, Sinian Wang, Xiujun Song, Ling Gao, Wei Li, Huijie Yu, Chuanchuan Zhou, Zhenxia Wang, Fengsheng Li, Qisheng Jiang
For dendritic cells (DCs) to initiate an immune response, their ability to migrate and to produce interleukin-12 (IL-12) is crucial. It has been previously shown that low-dose radiation (LDR) promoted IL-12 production by DCs, resulting in increased DC activity that contributed to LDR hormesis in the immune system. However, the molecular mechanism of LDR-induced IL-12 production, as well as the effect of LDR on DC migration capacity require further elucidation. Using the JAWSII immortalized mouse dendritic cell line, we showed that in vitro X-ray irradiation (0...
February 8, 2018: Radiation Research
Xin Jiang, Yaqiong Hong, Di Zhao, Xinxin Meng, Lijing Zhao, Yanwei Du, Zan Wang, Yan Zheng, Lu Cai, Hongyu Jiang
This study aimed to develop a novel and non-invasive approach, low-dose radiation (LDR, 75 mGy X-rays), to prevent doxorubicin (DOX)-induced cardiotoxicity. BALB/c mice were randomly divided into five groups, Control, LDR (a single exposure), Sham (treated same as LDR group except for irradiation), DOX (a single intraperitoneal injection of DOX at 7.5 mg/kg), and LDR/DOX (received LDR and 72 h later received DOX). Electrocardiogram analysis displayed several kinds of abnormal ECG profiles in DOX-treated mice, but less in LDR/DOX group...
January 2, 2018: Oncotarget
Lei Bi, Wushao Lin, Dong Liu, Kejun Zhang
Here we use the state-of-the-art invariant imbedding T-matrix method to theoretically assess the backscattering linear depolarization ratio (LDR) of nonspherical particles in a super-ellipsoidal shape space. Super-ellipsoids have inherent flexibility to model the particle aspect ratio, roundness, and concavity, these being salient characteristics of most atmospheric particles (e.g., sea salt and dust aerosols). The complex refractive index of super-ellipsoids was set up with the real part ranging from 1.1 to 2...
January 22, 2018: Optics Express
David G Hoel
PURPOSE: Estimating cancer risks for continuous radiation exposures based upon data from acute exposures has been an important public health problem. A dose and dose rate effectiveness factor (DDREF) is typically used to estimate cancer risks for chronic exposures based upon risk estimates from acute exposures. A value of 2 for a DDREF has most often been used as proposed by the ICRP in ICRP60, however an influential analysis of several cohorts concluded that there is no risk difference between acute and chronic exposures...
February 5, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Biology
Li Sun, Yuting Cao, Nagonbilig He, Jianwen Han, Rong Hai, Sarnai Arlud, Baoyindeligeer He, Wurina Wu, Lizhong Li, Xiulan Su, Hongwei Cui, Wenchao Zhao, Buheqiqige Chao, Dandan Liu, Zhiqiang Sun, Yanping Huang
The late cornified envelope (LCE) gene cluster is located on chromosome 1q21, including LCE1-LCE6. Several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the LCE cluster were associated with susceptibility to psoriasis in Chinese population. However, there is no report on the relationship in ethnic minority areas in China. This study aimed to investigate the association between the gene polymorphisms of LCE1B, LCE1C, LCE3A, LCE3D and psoriasis vulgaris among Mongolians from Inner Mongolia. Totally, 305 Mongolians with psoriasis vulgaris (PsV) and 383 healthy controls were enrolled in the study from 2006 to 2015...
February 3, 2018: Archives of Dermatological Research
Máté Kiss, Nikolina Papac-Milicevic, Dimitrios Tsiantoulas, Tim Hendrikx, Laura Göderle, Mária Ozsvár-Kozma, Barbara Bartolini Gritti, Clara Jana-Lui Busch, Christoph J Binder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Atherosclerosis
Jack William Kerferd, David Abi-Hanna, Kevin Phan, Prashanth Rao, Ralph J Mobbs
In recent decades cervical arthroplasty, or cervical disc replacement, has been steadily increasing in popularity as a procedure for the treatment of degenerative pathologies of the cervical spine. This is based on an evolving body of literature that documents superior outcomes in cervical disc replacement over fusion, for both single and double level pathologies, in well selected patients. One of the more recent and popular implants currently on the market is the Mobi-C cervical artificial disc (LDR Medical; Troyes, France)...
December 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
Bo Yang, Shan Yan, Jianjun Yan, Yafei Li, Mohammad Reeaze Khurwolah, Liansheng Wang, Zhong Chen
BACKGROUND: The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs12040273, a variant of UDP-N-acetylgalactosamine, polypeptide GalNAc-transferase 2, has recently been reported to be significantly associated with development of carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) in a Chinese population based on a genome-wide association study. Because IMT is a potent marker of coronary artery disease (CAD), the aim of this study was to evaluate the relation of rs12040273 to susceptibility and severity of CAD in a Chinese Han population...
January 19, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Jing Zhang, Hui Zhang, Kun Li, Ming Shi
AIMS: Cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) genotypes are associated with differential drug metabolism. The aim of this study was to establish a reliable assay for CYP2C19 genotyping based on a polymerase chain reaction/ligase detection reaction (PCR-LDR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Specific primers and probes were designed to detect CYP2C19*1, *2, *3, and *17. A control for each allele was prepared and used for performance evaluation. A total of 200 clinical samples were analyzed using the PCR-LDR assay and Sanger sequencing...
January 2018: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
Ying Song, Xiao Fang Tang, Yi Yao, Chen He, Jing Jing Xu, Huan Huan Wang, Zhan Gao, Mia Wang, Jin Qing Yuan
OBJECTIVE: The alpha 2A-adrenergic receptor gene (ADRA2A) polymorphism in individuals modifies the antiplatelet response to sympathetic stimulation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ADRA2A variants on platelet reactivity in Chinese patients on dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: From March 2011 to March 2013, 1,024 patients were enrolled in this prospective, single-center, observational study in China...
December 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
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