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Priyanka Biswas, Debasis Sen, Jae-Min Ha, Sung-Min Choi
Rapid evaporation of solvent from spray colloidal droplets induces directed self-assembly among the nanoparticles, eventually interlocking them into correlated granular structures. In this work, it is demonstrated that anisotropy in colloidal interparticle interaction plays a key role in governing the surface topology of spray-dried granules. Colloidal dispersion comprised of spherical nanosilica (NS) and cylindrical carbon nanotubes (CNT) was chosen as a model system in this regard. For identical polarities of the colloidal components, granules with prominent wrinkle-like modulations are obtained, which is in drastic contrast with the case of opposite polarities...
November 24, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Wei Guo, Xuedong Guo, Mengyuan Chang, Wenting Dai
Viscoelasticity property of bitumen is closely related to the service life of bituminous pavement. This paper evaluated the impact of one of the most efficient and widely used nanomaterials in various industries called hydrophobic nanosilica on the viscoelasticity property of bitumen and asphalt mixture. In this paper, three hydrophobic nanosilica modified bitumens and asphalt mixtures were researched by conventional physical properties test, SEM test, FTIR test, DSC test, DSR test, static creep test and dynamic creep test...
November 19, 2018: Materials
Prince Jeya Lal Lazar, Ramesh Sengottuvelu, Elango Natarajan
The principal objective of this research work was to investigate the results of impregnating epoxy matrix-glass fibre composite laminates with nanosilica as secondary reinforcement. 0.5, 0.75, 1 and 3 wt% nanosilica was used and thereafter properties of composites were assessed through tensile, three point bending, quasi static indentation tests and dynamic mechanical analysis. Scanning electron microscope examinations were done on fracture surfaces and failure modes were analyzed. The internal failures of the composite due to quasi-static indentation were evaluated through C-Scan...
November 5, 2018: Materials
Jiaming Liang, Jing Wang, Luwei Zhang, Sijia Wang, Cuiping Yao, Zhenxi Zhang
A conductometric immunoassay protocol was designed for the sensitive detection of a liver cancer biomarker, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), in biological fluids by using enzyme-conjugated nanometer-sized enzyme-doped silica beads. Initially, urease molecules were doped into nanosilica particles by using the reverse micelle method. Thereafter, arginase-labeled anti-AFP antibodies were covalently conjugated onto the surface of the synthesized nanoparticles. The immunoreaction was carried out in a monoclonal anti-AFP capture antibody-coated microplate with a sandwich-type assay format by using bienzyme-functionalized silica nanobeads as the recognition elements...
November 6, 2018: Analyst
Mathilde Ménard, Florent Meyer, Ksenia Parkhomenko, Cédric Leuvrey, Grégory Francius, Sylvie Bégin-Colin, Damien Mertz
Human serum albumin (HSA) nanoparticles emerge as promising carriers for drug delivery. Among challenges, one important issue is the design of HSA nanoparticles with a low mean size of ca. 50 nm and having a high drug payload. The original strategy developed here is to use sacrificial mesoporous nanosilica templates having a diameter close to 30 nm to drive the protein nanocapsule formation. This new approach ensures first an efficient high drug loading (ca. 30%) of Doxorubicin (DOX) in the porous silica by functionalizing silica with an aminosiloxane layer and then allows the one-step adsorption and the physical cross-linking of HSA by modifying the silica surface with isobutyramide (IBAM) groups...
November 2, 2018: Biochimica et biophysica acta. General subjects
Federico Cecchini, Valeria Cherubini, Francesco Fabbrocino, Francesca Nanni
The dilatancy (Shear-thickening) is a time-independent rheological behaviour exhibited by some non-Newtonian fluids. These fluids manifest a surge in the apparent viscosity with an increase in the shear rate. If these fluids are encapsulated, they can be used to manufacture high-end stab resistance inserts (Cecchini et al., 2018) [1]. In the first part of this work, a comparison between the rheological performance of different shear-thickening fluids (STFs) based on nanosilica dispersed in glycols is presented...
December 2018: Data in Brief
Mohsen Mohamed Elsharkawy, Haruhisa Suga, Masafumi Shimizu
Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) is a very serious hazard to vegetable production worldwide. This study is focused on evaluation of resistance stimulated by the plant growth-promoting fungus, Phoma sp. GS8-3, or nanosilica against CMV under pot and field conditions. The specific aim was to illustrate the mechanism of resistance stimulated by GS8-3 against CMV using microarray technology. Treatments with GS8-3 as well as nanosilica significantly decreased CMV severity and titer in tobacco and cucumber under pot and field conditions, respectively...
October 16, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Peipei Yang, Qi Liu, Jingyuan Liu, Rongrong Chen, Rumin Li, Xuefeng Bai, Jun Wang
A novel phosphonate assisted fabrication dendritic fibrous nanosilica (DFNS)-based adsorbing material was successfully synthesis via organic modification with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (KH550), epichlorohydrin (ECH) and phytic acid (PA) on the grounds of hard-soft-acid-base theory, in which organic phosphorous can be applied for efficient chelating uranium(VI) (U(VI)). The adsorption properties can be evaluated by setting a series parameters (pH, adsorbent dose, contact time, initial U(VI) concentration)...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Volodymyr M Gun'ko, Volodymyr V Turov, Evgeniy M Pakhlov, Tetyana V Krupska, Mykola V Borysenko, Mykola T Kartel, Barbara Charmas
It is well-known that interaction of hydrophobic powders with water is weak, and upon mixing, they typically form separated phases. Preparation of hydrophobic nanosilica AM1 with a relatively large content of bound water with no formation of separated phases was the aim of this study. Unmodified nanosilica A-300 and initial AM1 (A-300 completely hydrophobized by dimethyldichlorosilane), compacted A-300 (cA-300), and compacted AM1 (cAM1) containing 50-58 wt % of bound water were studied using low-temperature 1 H NMR spectroscopy, thermogravimetry, infrared spectroscopy, microscopy, small-angle X-ray scattering, nitrogen adsorption, and theoretical modeling...
September 25, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Emmanuel Onoja, Sheela Chandren, Fazira Ilyana Abdul Razak, Roswanira Abdul Wahab
The study reports the preparation of a composite consisting of magnetite coated with nanosilica extracted from oil palm leaves (OPL) ash as nanosupports for immobilization of Candida rugosa lipase (CRL) and its application for the synthesis of butyl butyrate. Results of immobilization parameters showed that ∼ 80% of CRL (84.5 mg) initially offered was immobilized onto the surface of the nanosupports to yield a maximum protein loading and specific activity of 67.5 ± 0.72 mg/g and 320.8 ± 0.42 U/g of support, respectively...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Biotechnology
Bui Quoc Bao, Ngoc Hoang Le, Diem Huong Tran Nguyen, Tuong Vi Tran, Linh Phuong Tran Pham, Long Giang Bach, Hieu Minh Ho, Thi Hiep Nguyen, Dai Hai Nguyen
The development of nanomaterials in the field of biomedical has attracted much attention in the past decades. New mesoporous nanosilica (MNS) generation, called multi functionalized MNS, presents the promising applications for efficient encapsulation, controlled release, and intracellular delivery of therapeutic agents due to their unique physiochemical properties, such as large surface area and pore volume, tunable particle size, biocompatibility, and high loading capacity. In this review, we intensively discussed the multi functionalized MNSs that respond to the demand of physical stimuli (thermo, light, magnetic field, ultrasound, and electricity), chemical stimuli (pH, redox, H2 O2 ), and biological stimuli (enzyme, glucose, ATP), individual or in combination...
October 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Junfan Niu, Dong Guo, Wenbing Zhang, Jingyue Tang, Gang Tang, Jiale Yang, Weichen Wang, Hong Huo, Na Jiang, Yongsong Cao
The frequent use of traditional copper-based microbicides has led to the growing risk of toxicity to non-target organisms in the environment. In this work, nanosilica was conjugated with copper(II) complexes of L-glutamate (or glycine) to develop novel copper-based microbicides with good microbicidal activity, systemicity and desired safety to plant, and the obtained nanosilica-L-glutamate copper complexes (Silica-Glu-Cu) and nanosilica-glycine copper complexes (Silica-Gly-Cu) were characterized and evaluated by FT-IR, SEM, TEM, and XPS...
September 15, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Pawel Sikora, Mohamed Abd Elrahman, Dietmar Stephan
Exposure to elevated temperatures has detrimental effects on the properties of cementitious composites, leading to irreversible changes, up to total failure. Various methods have been used to suppress the deterioration of concrete under elevated temperature conditions. Recently, nanomaterials have been introduced as admixtures, which decrease the thermal degradation of cement-based composites after exposure to high temperatures. This paper presents a comprehensive review of recent developments related to the effects of nanoparticles on the thermal resistance of cementitious composites...
June 26, 2018: Nanomaterials
Ayan Maity, Sushil Mujumdar, Vivek Polshettiwar
Photonic crystals are essentially a periodic ("crystalline") arrangement of dielectric nanoparticles that respond in unison to incident light. They can be used to harvest light in various applications such as photocatalysis, solar cells, and lasing. In this work, we prepared the photonic crystals of dendritic fibrous nanosilica (DFNS) by their self-assembly. Because of the narrow particle size distribution of the as-synthesized DFNS, they readily formed colored photonic crystals. The photonic band gap was found to be tunable by using DFNS of various sizes and fiber densities...
July 11, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
V M Gun'ko, E M Pakhlov, O V Goncharuk, L S Andriyko, Yu M Nychiporuk, D Yu Balakin, D Sternik, A Derylo-Marczewska
Three polydimethylsiloxanes (PDMS200, PDMS1000, and PDMS12500 with numbers showing the viscosity values dependent on the molecular weight) were used for adsorption (14-95 wt% PDMS) onto unmodified and PDMS-modified (16.7 wt% PDMS using dimethyl carbonate (DMC) as a siloxane bond breaking reagent) nanosilica A-300. The materials were studied using microscopy, infrared spectroscopy, thermodesorption, calorimetry, ethanol and water/ethanol evaporation, nitrogen adsorption-desorption, and quantum chemical methods...
November 1, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Wongyun Byoun, Soeun Jung, Ngoc Minh Tran, Hyojong Yoo
Morphologically unique silica nanoparticles can be used as effective templates to prepare silica-metal hybrid nanomaterials, which are highly applicable in a variety of areas. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles, which have high surface areas and an abundance of pores, can be used to synthesize mesoporous silica core-metal shell nanostructures with catalytically active sites. In this work, dendritic fibrous nanosilica (DFNS) with a high surface area is successfully employed as a template to synthesize DFNS/Au hybrid nanomaterials...
May 2018: ChemistryOpen
Mohamed E Mahmoud, Saad S M Hassan, Ayman H Kamel, Mahmoud I A Elserw
Two eco-friendly nanosorbents have been designed and synthesized via surface crosslinking of nanosilica (N-Si) with glycine (Gly) and reduced glutathione (GSH) to produce (N-Si-Gly) and (N-Si-Glu) using crosslinking reagent and sonochemical reactions, respectively. An investigation was performed to search selectivity of nanosorbents via microwave-assisted removal of Ni(II)/Cu(II)/Cd(II)/Pb(II) to affirm green and fast technique. The microwave-assisted removal values of Ni(II), Cu(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) were observed at 850, 2100, 3500 and 2150 μmol g-1 , respectively utilizing 10 mg of (N-Si-Glu) and 25...
September 2018: Bioresource Technology
Susanne Fritsch-Decker, Clarissa Marquardt, Tobias Stoeger, Silvia Diabaté, Carsten Weiss
Engineered amorphous silica nanoparticles (nanosilica) are widely used in industry yet can induce adverse effects, which might be classified according to the oxidative stress model. However, the underlying mechanisms as well as the potential interactions of the three postulated different tiers of toxicity-i.e. oxidative-, pro-inflammatory- and cytotoxic-stress response-are poorly understood. As macrophages are primary targets of nanoparticles, we used several macrophage models, primarily murine RAW264.7 macrophages, and monitored pro-inflammatory and anti-oxidative reactions as well as cytotoxicity in response to nanosilica at max...
July 2018: Archives of Toxicology
M Conradi, A Drnovšek, P Gregorčič
In this work, we present functionalization of AISI 316 L surfaces by nanosecond Nd:YAG laser texturing and adsorption of superhydrophobic fluoroalkylsilane functionalized 30-nm silica nanoparticles. Surface modification by varying the distance between laser-produced micro(μ)-channels leads to different surface roughnesses. After nanosilica coating, the superhydrophilic laser-textured surfaces change into superhydrophobic surfaces with the same μ-roughness. A higher μ-channel density leads to more hydrophobic surfaces after coating...
May 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
Anh Khoa Nguyen, Thi Hiep Nguyen, Bui Quoc Bao, Long Giang Bach, Dai Hai Nguyen
Porous nanosilica (PNS) has been regarded as a promising candidate for controlled delivery of anticancer drugs. Unmodified PNS-based nanocarriers, however, showed a burst release of encapsulated drugs, which may limit their clinical uses. In this report, PNS was surface conjugated with adamantylamine (ADA) via disulfide bridges (-SS-), PNS-SS-ADA, which was further modified with cyclodextrin-poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether conjugate (CD-mPEG) to form a core@shell structure PNS-SS-ADA@CD-mPEG for redox triggered delivery of doxorubicin (DOX), DOX/PNS-SS-ADA@CD-mPEG...
2018: International Journal of Biomaterials
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