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Peipei Yang, Qi Liu, Jingyuan Liu, Rongrong Chen, Rumin Li, Xuefeng Bai, Jun Wang
A novel phosphonate assisted fabrication dendritic fibrous nanosilica (DFNS)-based adsorbing material was successfully synthesis via organic modification with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (KH550), epichlorohydrin (ECH) and phytic acid (PA) on the grounds of hard-soft-acid-base theory, in which organic phosphorous can be applied for efficient chelating uranium(VI) (U(VI)). The adsorption properties can be evaluated by setting a series parameters (pH, adsorbent dose, contact time, initial U(VI) concentration)...
September 27, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Volodymyr M Gun'ko, Volodymyr V Turov, Evgeniy M Pakhlov, Tetyana V Krupska, Mykola V Borysenko, Mykola T Kartel, Barbara Charmas
It is well-known that interaction of hydrophobic powders with water is weak, and upon mixing, they typically form separated phases. Preparation of hydrophobic nanosilica AM1 with a relatively large content of bound water with no formation of separated phases was the aim of this study. Unmodified nanosilica A-300 and initial AM1 (A-300 completely hydrophobized by dimethyldichlorosilane), compacted A-300 (cA-300), and compacted AM1 (cAM1) containing 50-58 wt % of bound water were studied using low-temperature 1 H NMR spectroscopy, thermogravimetry, infrared spectroscopy, microscopy, small-angle X-ray scattering, nitrogen adsorption, and theoretical modeling...
September 25, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Emmanuel Onoja, Sheela Chandren, Fazira Ilyana Abdul Razak, Roswanira Abdul Wahab
The study reports the preparation of a composite consisting of magnetite coated with nanosilica extracted from oil palm leaves (OPL) ash as nanosupports for immobilization of Candida rugosa lipase (CRL) and its application for the synthesis of butyl butyrate. Results of immobilization parameters showed that ∼ 80% of CRL (84.5 mg) initially offered was immobilized onto the surface of the nanosupports to yield a maximum protein loading and specific activity of 67.5 ± 0.72 mg/g and 320.8 ± 0.42 U/g of support, respectively...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Biotechnology
Bui Quoc Bao, Ngoc Hoang Le, Diem Huong Tran Nguyen, Tuong Vi Tran, Linh Phuong Tran Pham, Long Giang Bach, Hieu Minh Ho, Thi Hiep Nguyen, Dai Hai Nguyen
The development of nanomaterials in the field of biomedical has attracted much attention in the past decades. New mesoporous nanosilica (MNS) generation, called multi functionalized MNS, presents the promising applications for efficient encapsulation, controlled release, and intracellular delivery of therapeutic agents due to their unique physiochemical properties, such as large surface area and pore volume, tunable particle size, biocompatibility, and high loading capacity. In this review, we intensively discussed the multi functionalized MNSs that respond to the demand of physical stimuli (thermo, light, magnetic field, ultrasound, and electricity), chemical stimuli (pH, redox, H2 O2 ), and biological stimuli (enzyme, glucose, ATP), individual or in combination...
October 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Junfan Niu, Dong Guo, Wenbing Zhang, Jingyue Tang, Gang Tang, Jiale Yang, Weichen Wang, Hong Huo, Na Jiang, Yongsong Cao
The frequent use of traditional copper-based microbicides has led to the growing risk of toxicity to non-target organisms in the environment. In this work, nanosilica was conjugated with copper(II) complexes of L-glutamate (or glycine) to develop novel copper-based microbicides with good microbicidal activity, systemicity and desired safety to plant, and the obtained nanosilica-L-glutamate copper complexes (Silica-Glu-Cu) and nanosilica-glycine copper complexes (Silica-Gly-Cu) were characterized and evaluated by FT-IR, SEM, TEM, and XPS...
September 15, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Pawel Sikora, Mohamed Abd Elrahman, Dietmar Stephan
Exposure to elevated temperatures has detrimental effects on the properties of cementitious composites, leading to irreversible changes, up to total failure. Various methods have been used to suppress the deterioration of concrete under elevated temperature conditions. Recently, nanomaterials have been introduced as admixtures, which decrease the thermal degradation of cement-based composites after exposure to high temperatures. This paper presents a comprehensive review of recent developments related to the effects of nanoparticles on the thermal resistance of cementitious composites...
June 26, 2018: Nanomaterials
Ayan Maity, Sushil Mujumdar, Vivek Polshettiwar
Photonic crystals are essentially a periodic ("crystalline") arrangement of dielectric nanoparticles that respond in unison to incident light. They can be used to harvest light in various applications such as photocatalysis, solar cells, and lasing. In this work, we prepared the photonic crystals of dendritic fibrous nanosilica (DFNS) by their self-assembly. Because of the narrow particle size distribution of the as-synthesized DFNS, they readily formed colored photonic crystals. The photonic band gap was found to be tunable by using DFNS of various sizes and fiber densities...
July 11, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
V M Gun'ko, E M Pakhlov, O V Goncharuk, L S Andriyko, Yu M Nychiporuk, D Yu Balakin, D Sternik, A Derylo-Marczewska
Three polydimethylsiloxanes (PDMS200, PDMS1000, and PDMS12500 with numbers showing the viscosity values dependent on the molecular weight) were used for adsorption (14-95 wt% PDMS) onto unmodified and PDMS-modified (16.7 wt% PDMS using dimethyl carbonate (DMC) as a siloxane bond breaking reagent) nanosilica A-300. The materials were studied using microscopy, infrared spectroscopy, thermodesorption, calorimetry, ethanol and water/ethanol evaporation, nitrogen adsorption-desorption, and quantum chemical methods...
November 1, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Wongyun Byoun, Soeun Jung, Ngoc Minh Tran, Hyojong Yoo
Morphologically unique silica nanoparticles can be used as effective templates to prepare silica-metal hybrid nanomaterials, which are highly applicable in a variety of areas. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles, which have high surface areas and an abundance of pores, can be used to synthesize mesoporous silica core-metal shell nanostructures with catalytically active sites. In this work, dendritic fibrous nanosilica (DFNS) with a high surface area is successfully employed as a template to synthesize DFNS/Au hybrid nanomaterials...
May 2018: ChemistryOpen
Mohamed E Mahmoud, Saad S M Hassan, Ayman H Kamel, Mahmoud I A Elserw
Two eco-friendly nanosorbents have been designed and synthesized via surface crosslinking of nanosilica (N-Si) with glycine (Gly) and reduced glutathione (GSH) to produce (N-Si-Gly) and (N-Si-Glu) using crosslinking reagent and sonochemical reactions, respectively. An investigation was performed to search selectivity of nanosorbents via microwave-assisted removal of Ni(II)/Cu(II)/Cd(II)/Pb(II) to affirm green and fast technique. The microwave-assisted removal values of Ni(II), Cu(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) were observed at 850, 2100, 3500 and 2150 μmol g-1 , respectively utilizing 10 mg of (N-Si-Glu) and 25...
September 2018: Bioresource Technology
Susanne Fritsch-Decker, Clarissa Marquardt, Tobias Stoeger, Silvia Diabaté, Carsten Weiss
Engineered amorphous silica nanoparticles (nanosilica) are widely used in industry yet can induce adverse effects, which might be classified according to the oxidative stress model. However, the underlying mechanisms as well as the potential interactions of the three postulated different tiers of toxicity-i.e. oxidative-, pro-inflammatory- and cytotoxic-stress response-are poorly understood. As macrophages are primary targets of nanoparticles, we used several macrophage models, primarily murine RAW264.7 macrophages, and monitored pro-inflammatory and anti-oxidative reactions as well as cytotoxicity in response to nanosilica at max...
July 2018: Archives of Toxicology
M Conradi, A Drnovšek, P Gregorčič
In this work, we present functionalization of AISI 316 L surfaces by nanosecond Nd:YAG laser texturing and adsorption of superhydrophobic fluoroalkylsilane functionalized 30-nm silica nanoparticles. Surface modification by varying the distance between laser-produced micro(μ)-channels leads to different surface roughnesses. After nanosilica coating, the superhydrophilic laser-textured surfaces change into superhydrophobic surfaces with the same μ-roughness. A higher μ-channel density leads to more hydrophobic surfaces after coating...
May 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
Anh Khoa Nguyen, Thi Hiep Nguyen, Bui Quoc Bao, Long Giang Bach, Dai Hai Nguyen
Porous nanosilica (PNS) has been regarded as a promising candidate for controlled delivery of anticancer drugs. Unmodified PNS-based nanocarriers, however, showed a burst release of encapsulated drugs, which may limit their clinical uses. In this report, PNS was surface conjugated with adamantylamine (ADA) via disulfide bridges (-SS-), PNS-SS-ADA, which was further modified with cyclodextrin-poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether conjugate (CD-mPEG) to form a core@shell structure PNS-SS-ADA@CD-mPEG for redox triggered delivery of doxorubicin (DOX), DOX/PNS-SS-ADA@CD-mPEG...
2018: International Journal of Biomaterials
Aleksandra Zielonka, Ewa Żymańczyk-Duda, Małgorzata Brzezińska-Rodak, Maciej Duda, Jakub Grzesiak, Magdalena Klimek-Ochab
Rice husks (RHs) are plant waste materials abundant in phytoliths silica bodies. These were used as starting material for fungal-mediated biotransformation leading to the synthesis of a high-value added product. A strain of Aspergillus parasiticus was capable of transforming the amorphous silica conglomerates into structured nanoparticles (NPs) in the process of RHs biotransformation. Silica NPs were produced extracellularly and their size ranged from 3 to 400 nm depending on the biotransformation conditions and the post-biotransformation supernatant processing...
May 2018: Fungal Biology
Sotirios I Sinis, Chrissi Hatzoglou, Konstantinos I Gourgoulianis, Sotirios G Zarogiannis
Nanoparticles have great potential for numerous applications due to their unique physicochemical properties. However, concerns have been raised that they may induce deleterious effects on biological systems. There is accumulating evidence that, like asbestos, inhaled nanomaterials of >5 μm and high aspect ratio (3:1), particularly rod-like carbon nanotubes, may inflict pleural disease including mesothelioma. Additionally, a recent set of case reports suggests that inhalation of polyacrylate/nanosilica could in part be associated with inflammation and fibrosis of the pleura of factory workers...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Yuya Mikami, Hiroaki Yoshioka, Soichiro Ryu, Naoya Nishimura, Yuji Oki
We developed an ink-jet printing method for fabricating inorganic microdisks at room temperature, which is much lower than the melting point of solid-state inorganic oxide, and have fabricated an organic-inorganic hybrid microdisk laser. Silica was used as the inorganic disk material, and microdisk-shaped aggregates were formed by the ink-jet printing method using a solution in which nanosilica particles were dispersed in propylene glycol monomethylether (PGME) solvent. Then, a microdisk capable of laser oscillation was also prepared by preliminarily adding the laser dye rhodamine 6G to the ink to form a mixed organic material...
March 19, 2018: Optics Express
Vinay K Belwal, K P Singh
This study encompasses the development and comparison of nanosilica-supported liposome (protocells), conventional liposome, and polyethylene glycol (PEG)-liposome. An effort was made to study the drug encapsulation efficiency and the in vitro release of the drug, and whether protocells (nanovesicles) could sustain the release of the drug by increasing the residence time, which could reduce the dose-related systemic toxicity of the drug, that is, vincristine sulfate. Nanovesicles had a good encapsulation efficiency (71%), which was comparable to the conventional and PEG-liposome, which were 74% and 78%, respectively...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Abdullah Alsaeedi, Hassan El-Ramady, Tarek Alshaal, Mohamed El-Garawani, Nevien Elhawat, Awadh Al-Otaibi
The current work was aimed to elucidate the role of engineered nanosilica (SiNPs) particles to mitigate the damaging impacts of Na+ -derived salinity on cucumber (Cucumis sativus) Beit Alpha variety by conducting in vitro experiments applying various Na+ concentrations i.e. 0, 1000, 2000, 3000, 4000 and 5000 mg L-1 . By treating seeds and seedlings, respectively, of cucumber with SiNPs (0, 100, 200 and 300 ppm) and subsequent determination some germination and vegetative parameters as well as chemical analysis of seedlings, we verified that SiNPs succeeded to alleviate the detrimental effects of high Na+ salinity by increasing germination parameters and vegetative growth of cucumber seedlings...
April 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Maila Castellano, Antonio Turturro, Elisabetta Finocchio, Guido Busca, Rossella Di Legami, Silvia Vicini
Silica nanoparticles with different aspect ratios (A.R.) were tested as reinforcing fillers of styrenebutadiene copolymer (s-SBR) for "green tyres," i.e., tires with lower rolling resistance. A commercial nanosilica with A.R. = 1 (Aerosil® 200) was compared with two nanosilica samples with A.R. = 2 and 4, synthesized by means of an innovative process, to ascertain if the filler shape was significant to improve the composite properties. In addition, bis-triethoxysilylpropyltetrasulfide was grafted onto the particles surface, in order to obtain more hydrophobic materials and to enhance their dispersion in the elastomeric composites: pristine and modified silicas were then compared...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Ho Ngoc Minh, Nguyen Thuy Chinh, Tran Thi Thanh Van, Dam Xuan Thang, Thai Hoang
In order to improve dispersiveness of nanosilica in polymer matrix, surface organo-modification of nanosilica is necessary. This work reveals silica nanoparticles modified by titanate coupling agent isopropyltri (dioctylphosphate) titanate (KR12) in toluene solvent. Effect of reaction temperature, reaction time and reactant ratio on grafting efficiency have been studied by Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA). The obtained results exhibit the grafted percentage of titanate coupling agent KR-12 on the surface of nanosilica increased quickly from 4...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
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