Read by QxMD icon Read

Enhance photodynamic therapy

Tuanwei Li, Lifeng Yan
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an appealing therapeutic modality in management of some solid tumors and other diseases for its minimal invasion and non-systemic toxicity. However, the hydrophobicity and non-selectivity of the photosensitizers, inherent serious hypoxia of tumor tissues and limited penetration depth of light restrict PDT further applications in clinic. Functional polymer nanoparticles can be used as a nanocarrier for accurate PDT. Here, we elucidate the mechanism and application of PDT in cancer treatments, and then review some strategies to administer the biodistribution and activation of photosensitizers (PSs) to ameliorate or utilize the tumor hypoxic microenvironment to enhance the photodynamic therapy effect...
November 30, 2018: Pharmaceuticals
Xiaoling Wang, Xumei Ouyang, Jinliang Chen, Ying Hu, Xiaoyi Sun, Zhenwei Yu
AIM: A photomedicine consisting of a core for photothermal therapy, a photosensitizer for photodynamic therapy, and a cancer-targeting moiety was fabricated to improve photosensitizer selectivity and antitumor efficiency. MATERIALS & METHODS: Hyaluronic acid-decorated polydopamine nanoparticles with conjugated chlorin e6 (HA-PDA-Ce6) were synthesized and characterized. Cell uptake, phototoxicity, penetration, distribution and therapeutic effects were evaluated...
December 4, 2018: Nanomedicine
Yunjian Xu, Menglong Zhao, Liang Zou, Licai Wu, Mingjuan Xie, Tianshe Yang, Shujuan Liu, Wei Huang, Qiang Zhao
Phototherapy, as an important class of noninvasive tumor treatment methods, has attracted extensive research interest. Although a large amount of the near-infrared (NIR) phototherapeutic agents have been reported, the low efficiency, complicated structures, tedious synthetic procedures, and poor photostability limit their practical applications. To solve these problems, herein, a donor-acceptor-donor (D-A-D) type organic phototherapeutic agent (B-3) based on NIR aza-boron-dipyrromethene (aza-BODIPY) dye has been constructed, which shows the enhanced photothermal conversion efficiency and high singlet oxygen generation ability by simultaneously utilizing intramolecular photoinduced electron transfer (IPET) mechanism and heavy atom effects...
December 3, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Xiaoyu Xu, Yu Chong, Xiaoyun Liu, Han Fu, Chenggong Yu, Jie Huang, Zhijun Zhang
In this work, we developed a novel multifunctional nanoplatform based on hyaluronic acid modified Au nanocages (AuNCs-HA). The rational design of AuNCs-HA renders the nanoplatform three functionalities: (1) AuNCs-HA with excellent LSPR peak in the NIR region act as contrast agent for enhanced photoacoustic (PA) imaging and photothermal therapy (PTT); (2) the nanoplatform with high-energy rays (X-ray) absorption and auger electrons generation acts as a radiosensitizer for radiotherapy; (3) good photocatalytic property and large surface area make AuNCs-HA a photosensitive agent for photodynamic therapy (PDT)...
November 27, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
Pounraj Thanasekaran, Chih-Hang Chu, Sheng-Bo Wang, Kuan-Yu Chen, Hua-De Gao, Mandy Manchi Lee, Shih-Sheng Sun, Jui-Ping Li, Jiun-Yu Chen, Jen-Kun Chen, Yu-Hsu Chang, Hsien-Ming Lee
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a non-invasive medical technology that has been applied in cancer treatment where it is accessible by direct or endoscope-assisted light irradiation. To lower phototoxicity and increase tissue penetration depth of light, great effort has been focused on developing new sensitizers that can utilize red or near-infrared (NIR) light for the past decades. Lanthanide-doped upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) have a unique property to transduce NIR excitation light to UV-Vis emission efficiently...
November 30, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yifan Gao, Jing Wang, Dengfeng Hu, Yongyan Deng, Tingting Chen, Qiao Jin, Jian Ji
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is believed to be a potent method for biofilm treatments. However, undesired damage to normal cells may be caused due to the nonselective nature of PDT. Therefore, targeted PDT is preferred on one hand to enhance antimicrobial effects and on the other hand to reduce cytotoxicity to normal cells. For this purpose, novel bacteria-targeted photosensitizer delivery micelles are fabricated, taking advantage of α-cyclodextrin (α-CD)/polyethylene glycol (PEG) supramolecular assembly. Hydrophilic antimicrobial peptide (AMP) Magainin I is covalently bound with PEG, working as a bacterial targeting group as well as the stabilizing shell of the supramolecular micelles...
November 30, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Xiaoli Cai, Yanan Luo, Yang Song, Dong Liu, Hongye Yan, He Li, Dan Du, Chengzhou Zhu, Yuehe Lin
Despite great progress in photodynamic therapy (PDT), the therapeutic effect is still limited by some points, such as tumor hypoxia, the short lifetime and the limited action region of 1O2. Herein, a special kind of three-dimensional dendritic mesoporous silica nanosphere (3D-dendritic MSN) was synthesized and used as a robust nanocarrier to deliver abundant hydrophobic photosensitizer chlorin e6 (Ce6) to the A549 lung cancer cells. To address the tumor hypoxia issue, the nanozyme Pt nanoparticles (Pt NPs) were immobilized onto the channels of 3D-dendritic MSNs to catalyze the conversion of intracellular H2O2 to oxygen...
November 30, 2018: Nanoscale
Jian Deng, Fang Liu, Lina Wang, Yang An, Min Gao, Zheng Wang, Yanjun Zhao
Triggered drug release from anti-tumor nanomedicine is an efficient approach to address the dilemma of systemic nanocarrier stability and on-demand drug liberation in tumor sites. Combinational drug delivery has been a useful means to enhance antitumor efficacy and reduce adverse effects. We report a multifunctional micelle for dually hypoxia- and singlet oxygen-responsive integration of chemotherapy and photodynamic therapy. The micelles were made of a nitroimidazole (NI)-bearing polymer; doxorubicin (Dox) and chlorin e6 (Ce6) were selected as the model chemodrug and photosensitizer, respectively...
November 30, 2018: Biomaterials Science
Imran Rizvi, Shubhankar Nath, Girgis Obaid, Mustafa Kemal Ruhi, Kaitlin Moore, Shazia Bano, David Kessel, Tayyaba Hasan
A major objective in developing new treatment approaches for lethal tumors is to reduce toxicity to normal tissues while maintaining therapeutic efficacy. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) provides a mechanistically-distinct approach to treat tumors without the systemic toxicity of chemotherapy drugs. PDT involves the light-based activation of a small molecule, a photosensitizer (PS), to generate reactive molecular species (RMS) that are toxic to target tissue. Depending on the PS localization, various cellular and subcellular components can be targeted, causing selective photodamage...
November 29, 2018: Photochemistry and Photobiology
Gwendolyn Cramer, Michael Shin, Sarah Hagan, Sharyn Katz, Charles B Simone, Theresa M Busch, Keith A Cengel
We have demonstrated that lung sparing surgery with intraoperative photodynamic therapy (PDT) achieves remarkably extended survival for patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). Nevertheless, most patients treated using this approach experience local recurrence, so it is essential to identify ways to enhance tumor response. We previously reported that PDT transiently activates EGFR/STAT3 in lung and ovarian cancer cells and inhibiting EGFR via erlotinib can increase PDT sensitivity. Additionally, we have seen higher EGFR expression associating with worse outcomes after Photofrin-mediated PDT for MPM, and the extensive desmoplastic reaction associated with MPM influences tumor phenotype and therapeutic response...
November 29, 2018: Photochemistry and Photobiology
Zhengze Yu, Ping Zhou, Wei Pan, Na Li, Bo Tang
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is ineffective against deeply seated metastatic tumors due to poor penetration of the excitation light. Herein, we developed a biomimetic nanoreactor (bio-NR) to achieve synergistic chemiexcited photodynamic-starvation therapy against tumor metastasis. Photosensitizers on the hollow mesoporous silica nanoparticles (HMSNs) are excited by chemical energy in situ of the deep metastatic tumor to generate singlet oxygen (1 O2 ) for PDT, and glucose oxidase (GOx) catalyzes glucose into hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 )...
November 28, 2018: Nature Communications
Wei Feng, Chao Zhang, Tingting Yu, Oxana Semyachkina-Glushkovskaya, Dan Zhu
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) plays a key role in the health of the central nervous system. Opening the BBB is very important for drug delivery to brain tissues to enhance the therapeutic effect on brain diseases. It is necessary to in vivo monitor the BBB permeability for assessing drug release with high resolution; however, an effective method is lacking. In this work, we developed a new method that combined spectral imaging with an optical clearing skull window to in vivo dynamically monitor BBB opening caused by 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA)-mediated photodynamic therapy (PDT), in which the Evans blue dye (EBd) acted as an indicator of the BBB permeability...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Biophotonics
Bryan Q Spring, David Kessel
In this issue, Cramer et al. introduce 3D culture models of metastatic mesothelioma to investigate basic cancer biology and new combination therapies for combating this complex and lethal disease. The results suggest that erlotinib-enhanced photodynamic therapy (PDT) could further improve the efficacy of intraoperative light-activation to mop up residual tumor deposits in the clinic following surgical removal of macroscopic mesothelioma metastases. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved...
November 28, 2018: Photochemistry and Photobiology
S M Ali Fateminia, Laura Kacenauskaite, Chong-Jing Zhang, Suqian Ma, Kenry, Purnima N Manghnani, Junsheng Chen, Shidang Xu, Fang Hu, Bin Xu, Bo W Laursen, Bin Liu
Efficient organic photosensitizers are attractive for cancer cell ablation in photodynamic therapy. Bright fluorescent photosensitizers are highly desirable for simultaneous imaging and therapy. However, due to fundamental competition between emission and singlet oxygen generation, design attempts to increase singlet oxygen generation almost always leads to the loss of fluorescence. Herein, it is shown for the first time that nanocrystallization enables a simultaneous and significant increase in the brightness and singlet oxygen generation of an organic photosensitizer...
November 27, 2018: Small
Jingjing Liu, Longlong Tian, Rui Zhang, Ziliang Dong, Hairong Wang, Zhuang Liu
The abundant tumor extracellular matrix (ECM) could result in the insufficient tumor retention and ineffective intra-tumor penetration of therapeutic agents, as well as acidic & hypoxic tumor microenvironment (TME), further leading to the unsatisfactory therapeutic outcomes for many types of therapies. Therefore, developing strategies to modulate the TME by selectively degrading the condensed ECM may be helpful to improve existing cancer therapies. Herein, collagenase (CLG) encapsulated nanoscale coordination polymers (NCPs) are synthesized based on Mn2+ and an acid-sensitive benzoic-imine organic linker, and then modified by polyethylene glycol (PEG)...
November 23, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Seung Mok Yang, Dong Won Lee, Hye Ji Park, Moon Hwa Kwak, Jae Myung Park, Myung-Gyu Choi
Recently, increased attention has been focused on endoscopic disinfection after outbreaks of drug resistant infections associated with gastrointestinal endoscopy. The aims of this study were to investigate the bactericidal efficacy of methylene blue (MB)-based photodynamic therapy (PDT) on Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa), which is the major cause of drug resistant post-endoscopy outbreak, and to assess the synergistic effects of hydrogen peroxide addition to MB-based PDT on biofilms. In planktonic state of P...
November 22, 2018: Photochemistry and Photobiology
Weijun Xu, Junmin Qian, Guanghui Hou, Yaping Wang, Jinlei Wang, Tiantian Sun, Lijie Ji, Aili Suo, Yu Yao
Multi-stimuli-responsive theranostic nanoplatform integrating functions of both imaging and multimodal therapeutics holds great promise for improving diagnosis and therapeutic efficacy. In this study, we reported a pH, glutathione (GSH) and hyaluronidase (HAase) triple-responsive nanoplatform for HER2 and CD44 dual-targeted and fluorescence imaging-guided PDT/PTT dual-therapy against HER2-overexpressed breast cancer. The nanoplatform was fabricated by functionalizing gold nanorods (GNRs) with hyaluronic acid (HA) bearing pendant hydrazide and thiol groups via Au-S bonds, and subsequently chemically conjugating 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA), Cy7...
November 19, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
Tao Liu, Wenlong Liu, Mingkang Zhang, Wuyang Yu, Fan Gao, Chuxin Li, Shi-Bo Wang, Jun Feng, Xian-Zheng Zhang
Non-apoptotic ferroptosis is of clinical importance because it offers a solution to the inevitable biocarriers of traditional apoptotic therapeutic means. Inspired by industrial electro-Fenton technology featured with electrochemical iron cycling, we construct ferrous-supply-regeneration nanoengineering to intervene tumorous iron metabolism for enhanced ferroptosis. Fe3+ ion and naturally derived tannic acid (TA) spontaneously form a network-like corona onto sorafenib (SRF) nanocores. The formed SRF@FeIII TA nanoparticles can respond to a lysosomal acid environment with corona dissociation, permitting SRF release to inhibit GPX4 enzyme for ferroptosis initiation...
November 26, 2018: ACS Nano
Xu Zhen, Penghui Cheng, Kanyi Pu
Phototherapy including photothermal therapy (PTT) and photodynamic therapy (PDT) employs phototherapeutic agents to generate heat or cytotoxic reactive oxygen species (ROS), and has therefore garnered particular interest for cancer therapy. However, the main challenges faced by conventional phototherapeutic agents include easy recognition by the immune system, rapid clearance from blood circulation, and low accumulation in target sites. Cell-membrane coating has emerged as a potential way to overcome these limitations, owing to the abundant proteins on the surface of cell membranes that can be inherited to the cell membrane-camouflaged nanoparticles...
November 20, 2018: Small
Derong Lu, Jiajing Zhou, Yonghao Chen, Jielin Ma, Hongwei Duan
Self-assembly of plasmonic nanocrystals (PNCs) and polymers provides access to a variety of functionalized metallic-polymer building blocks and higher-order hybrid plasmonic assemblies, and thus is of considerable fundamental and practical interest. The hybrid assemblies often not only inherit individual characteristics of polymers and PNCs but also exhibit distinct photophysical and catalytic properties compared to that of a single PNC building block. The tailorable plasmonic coupling between PNCs within assemblies enables the precise control over localized surface plasmon resonance, which subsequently affords a series of light-driven or photo-activated applications, such as surface-enhanced Raman scattering detection, photoacoustic imaging, photothermal therapy, and photodynamic therapy...
November 19, 2018: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"