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Stephen hoole

Vincent Floré, Adam J Brown, Joel P Giblett, Kevin Liou, James Cranley, Stephen P Hoole, Nick E J West
AIMS: We investigated the effects of an initial learning period with mandatory optical coherence tomography (OCT) guidance for the implantation of everolimus-eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS). METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed procedural and clinical outcomes of all BVS implantations at a single center where OCT guidance was mandatory in the initial rollout (OCT-mandatory) phase. We compared these data with the later phase where use of OCT was at operator discretion (OCT-selective or angiography)...
October 30, 2018: EuroIntervention
Tian Xiao Zhao, Michalis Kostapanos, Charmaine Griffiths, Emma L Arbon, Annette Hubsch, Fotini Kaloyirou, Joanna Helmy, Stephen P Hoole, James H F Rudd, Graham Wood, Keith Burling, Simon Bond, Joseph Cheriyan, Ziad Mallat
INTRODUCTION: Inflammation and dysregulated immune responses play a crucial role in atherosclerosis, underlying ischaemic heart disease (IHD) and acute coronary syndromes (ACSs). Immune responses are also major determinants of the postischaemic injury in myocardial infarction. Regulatory T cells (CD4+ CD25+ FOXP3+ ; Treg) induce immune tolerance and preserve immune homeostasis. Recent in vivo studies suggested that low-dose interleukin-2 (IL-2) can increase Treg cell numbers. Aldesleukin is a human recombinant form of IL-2 that has been used therapeutically in several autoimmune diseases...
September 17, 2018: BMJ Open
Nick E J West, Joseph P Corrigan, Richard H G Owen, Stephen P Hoole, Adam J Brown, Stephen Blatcher, Andrew C Newby
A percutaneous catheter device, the Liquid Biopsy System, was developed to sample the unstirred boundary layer of blood upstream and downstream of intact and disrupted human coronary atherosclerotic plaques. Using multiplexed proximity extension assays, release of 20 biomolecules was simultaneously detected in samples taken across plaques before balloon angioplasty, including the soluble form of the endothelial lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor. Additional biomolecules, including matrix metalloproteinase-12, were released after plaque disruption with angioplasty...
December 2017: JACC. Basic to Translational Science
Vincent Floré, Adam J Brown, Stephen J Pettit, Nick E J West, Clive Lewis, Jayan Parameshwar, Stephen P Hoole
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) can be detected early with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), but there is limited information on the most efficient imaging protocol. METHODS: Coronary angiography and IVUS of the three coronary arteries were performed. Volumetric IVUS analysis was performed, and a Stanford grade determined for each vessel. RESULTS: Eighteen patients were included 18 (range 12-24) months after transplantation...
February 2018: Clinical Transplantation
Stephen P Hoole, Jules Hernández-Sánchez, William R Davies, Duncan C McNab, Patrick A Calvert, Bushra S Rana, Leonard M Shapiro, Michael G Davies
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown a higher prevalence of patent foramen ovale (PFO) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Right to left shunting through a PFO may be encouraged by the respiratory physiology of OSAS, contributing to the disease pathophysiology. We assessed whether PFO closure would improve respiratory polygraphy parameters compared with baseline measurements in patients with OSAS. METHODS: Twenty-six patients with newly diagnosed OSAS and a moderate-large PFO (prevalence, 18% of 143 patients screened) were referred for PFO closure...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Stephen P Hoole, Jules Hernández-Sánchez, Adam J Brown, Joel P Giblett, Martin R Bennett, Nick E J West
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention-induced myocardial infarction (PMI) has prognostic significance. Identifying patients at high risk for PMI is desirable as it may alter strategy and facilitate early preventative therapy. We therefore sought to establish whether preprocedural demographic, interventional (plaque characteristics and coronary microcirculatory function), and inflammatory, endothelial damage, and platelet-derived biomarker data could predict the risk of PMI. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed target vessel pressure wire to assess fractional flow reserve, index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) and coronary flow reserve, plaque characterization by virtual histology intravascular ultrasound, and assayed peripheral biomarkers before uncomplicated PCI in 88 patients...
May 2018: Coronary Artery Disease
Adam J Brown, Joel P Giblett, Martin R Bennett, Nick E J West, Stephen P Hoole
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationship between anatomical form and physiological function in atherosclerotic coronary arteries. BACKGROUND: Although adverse cardiovascular events are predicted by plaque morphology or invasively-derived hemodynamic indices, the link between these important prognostic measures remains unexplored. METHODS: Patients with stable angina underwent fractional flow reserve (FFR), coronary flow reserve (CFR), pressure-derived collateral flow index (CFIp), trans-myocardial biomarker sampling and radiofrequency intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging prior to intervention...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
Charis Costopoulos, Yuan Huang, Adam J Brown, Patrick A Calvert, Stephen P Hoole, Nick E J West, Jonathan H Gillard, Zhongzhao Teng, Martin R Bennett
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the determinants of plaque structural stress (PSS) and the relationship between PSS and plaques with rupture. BACKGROUND: Plaque rupture is the most common cause of myocardial infarction, occurring particularly in higher risk lesions such as fibroatheromas. However, prospective intravascular ultrasound-virtual histology studies indicate that <10% higher risk plaques cause clinical events over 3 years, indicating that other factors also determine plaque rupture...
December 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
Richard G Axell, Joel P Giblett, Paul A White, Andrew Klein, James Hampton-Til, Michael O'Sullivan, Denise Braganza, William R Davies, Nick E J West, Cameron G Densem, Stephen P Hoole
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine whether right ventricular stunning could be detected after supply (during coronary balloon occlusion [BO]) and supply/demand ischemia (induced by rapid pacing [RP] during transcatheter aortic valve replacement) in humans. METHODS AND RESULTS: Ten subjects with single-vessel right coronary artery disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with normal ventricular function were studied in the BO group. Ten subjects undergoing transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement were studied in the RP group...
June 6, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
Joel P Giblett, Stephen P Hoole
This review examines the rationale for using remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) in elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to prevent procedure-related ischemia-reperfusion injury and justifies the importance of periprocedural biomarker elevation following elective PCI as a valid target for RIC. We review the evidence for the use of RIC as a treatment in this setting and document the salutary rules that must be followed to successfully translate RIC for clinical benefit.
July 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Richard G Axell, Simon J Messer, Paul A White, Colm McCabe, Andrew Priest, Thaleia Statopoulou, Maja Drozdzynska, Jamie Viscasillas, Elizabeth C Hinchy, James Hampton-Till, Hatim I Alibhai, Nicholas Morrell, Joanna Pepke-Zaba, Stephen R Large, Stephen P Hoole
Chronic thromboembolic disease (CTED) is suboptimally defined by a mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) <25 mmHg at rest in patients that remain symptomatic from chronic pulmonary artery thrombi. To improve identification of right ventricular (RV) pathology in patients with thromboembolic obstruction, we hypothesized that the RV ventriculo-arterial (Ees/Ea) coupling ratio at maximal stroke work (Ees/Eamax sw ) derived from an animal model of pulmonary obstruction may be used to identify occult RV dysfunction (low Ees/Ea) or residual RV energetic reserve (high Ees/Ea)...
April 2017: Physiological Reports
Joel P Giblett, Adam J Brown, Stephen P Hoole, Nick E J West
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
Joel P Giblett, Adam J Brown, Harry Keevil, Catherine Jaworski, Stephen P Hoole, Nick E J West
AIMS: Registry data have suggested higher than anticipated rates of scaffold thrombosis following bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) implantation. We examined early neointimal growth and strut coverage in BVS to ascertain whether this was affected by clinical presentation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients undergoing optical coherence tomography (OCT)-guided BVS implantation, either for stable angina (SA) or acute coronary syndrome (ACS), were recruited to this observational study...
August 20, 2016: EuroIntervention
Andrew Ladwiniec, Paul A White, Sukhjinder S Nijjer, Michael O'Sullivan, Nick E J West, Justin E Davies, Stephen P Hoole
BACKGROUND: Wave intensity analysis can distinguish proximal (propulsion) and distal (suction) influences on coronary blood flow and is purported to reflect myocardial performance and microvascular function. Quantifying the amplitude of the peak, backwards expansion wave (BEW) may have clinical utility. However, simultaneously acquired wave intensity analysis and left ventricular (LV) pressure-volume loop data, confirming the origin and effect of myocardial function on the BEW in humans, have not been previously reported...
September 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
Joel P Giblett, Richard G Axell, Paul A White, Sophie J Clarke, Liam McCormick, Philip A Read, Johannes Reinhold, Adam J Brown, Michael O'Sullivan, Nick E J West, David P Dutka, Stephen P Hoole
BACKGROUND: Glucagon-like peptide-1 (7-36) amide (GLP-1) protects against stunning and cumulative left ventricular dysfunction in humans. The mechanism remains uncertain but GLP-1 may act by opening mitochondrial K-ATP channels in a similar fashion to ischemic conditioning. We investigated whether blockade of K-ATP channels with glibenclamide abrogated the protective effect of GLP-1 in humans. METHODS: Thirty-two non-diabetic patients awaiting stenting of the left anterior descending artery (LAD) were allocated into 4 groups (control, glibenclamide, GLP-1, and GLP-1 + glibenclamide)...
July 19, 2016: Cardiovascular Diabetology
Adam J Brown, Zhongzhao Teng, Patrick A Calvert, Nikil K Rajani, Orla Hennessy, Nitesh Nerlekar, Daniel R Obaid, Charis Costopoulos, Yuan Huang, Stephen P Hoole, Martin Goddard, Nick E J West, Jonathan H Gillard, Martin R Bennett
BACKGROUND: Although plaque rupture is responsible for most myocardial infarctions, few high-risk plaques identified by intracoronary imaging actually result in future major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). Nonimaging markers of individual plaque behavior are therefore required. Rupture occurs when plaque structural stress (PSS) exceeds material strength. We therefore assessed whether PSS could predict future MACE in high-risk nonculprit lesions identified on virtual-histology intravascular ultrasound...
June 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
Stephen P Hoole, Sarah C Clarke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
Stephen P Hoole, Nick E J West
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Patrick A Calvert, Adam J Brown, Stephen P Hoole, Daniel R Obaid, Nick E J West, Martin R Bennett
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence, characteristics, and outcomes associated with geographical miss (GM) of plaque. BACKGROUND: GM describes plaques that are incompletely covered following stenting, with GM thought to be associated with worse clinical outcomes. However, the incidence and characteristics of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-defined GM plaques have never been studied and the relationship between GM with both short and long-term clinical events is unknown...
September 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Charis Costopoulos, Matthew C Crowson, Adam J Brown, Denise M Braganza, Martin R Bennett, Stephen P Hoole, Nick E J West
BACKGROUND: Available data on the use of the ABSORB bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) (Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, CA) in real-world patients is limited. The aim of this study was to assess the mid-term clinical outcomes in a real-world population treated with ABSORB BVS. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We retrospectively evaluated all patients treated with ABSORB at Papworth Hospital, Papworth Everard, UK between July 2012 and July 2014. A total of 108 patients (126 lesions) were identified...
December 2015: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
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