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Graphene cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640986/antimonene-quantum-dots-synthesis-and-application-as-near-infrared-photothermal-agents-for-effective-cancer-therapy
#1
Wei Tao, Xiaoyuan Ji, Xiaoding Xu, Mohammad Ariful Islam, Zhongjun Li, Si Chen, Phei Er Saw, Han Zhang, Zameer Bharwani, Zilei Guo, Jinjun Shi, Omid Farokhzad
Photothermal therapy (PTT) has shown significant potential for cancer therapy. However, developing nanomaterials (NMs)-based photothermal agents (PTAs) with satisfactory photothermal conversion efficacy (PTCE) and biocompatibility remains a key challenge. Herein, a new generation of PTAs based on two-dimensional (2D) antimonene quantum dots (AMQDs) was developed by a novel liquid exfoliation method. Surface modification of AMQDs with polyethylene glycol (PEG) significantly enhanced both biocompatibility and stability in physiological medium...
June 22, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636312/combining-protein-and-mirna-quantification-for-bladder-cancer-analysis
#2
Ruixue Duan, Zhenyu Zhang, Fuxin Zheng, Longwang Wang, Ju Guo, Tianchi Zhang, Xiaomeng Dai, Shengwei Zhang, Dong Yang, Renrui Kuang, Gongxian Wang, Chaohong He, Abdul Hakeem, Chang Shu, Ping Yin, Xiaoding Lou, Fuqing Zeng, Huageng Liang, Fan Xia
We combine the telomerase extension reaction and microRNA (miRNA)-induced rolling circle amplification, followed by graphene oxide (GO) and nicking enzyme assisted signal amplification, to analyze telomerase and miRNA 21 in urine samples with following merits. Firstly, it is a binary assay and can simultaneously output double signals which corresponds to the quantities of telomerase and miRNA, respectively. Secondly, telomerase activity is firstly enhanced by using DNA molecular beacon probe to inhibit the formation of G-quadruplex...
June 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635254/sudoku-like-lab-on-paper-cyto-device-with-dual-enhancement-of-electrochemiluminescence-intermediates-strategy
#3
Hongmei Yang, Yan Zhang, Li Li, Lina Zhang, Feifei Lan, Jinghua Yu
This paper describes the design and construction of sudoku-like lab-on-paper platform, in which dual enhancement of reaction intermediates strategy was incorporated for multiplexed competitive electrochemiluminescence (ECL) cyto-assay. Benefit from the sudoku-like structure, integrated multifunction were obtained on such elaborately devised platform, including specific reagents storage, multiple samples immobilization, residual automatic washing, and signal collection. By utilizing semicarbazide (SE) and silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) as dual enhancers, more ECL intermediates could be obtained in the graphene quantum dots (GQDs) and peroxydisulfate system, resulting in the production of more excited state GQDs to emit light...
June 21, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632263/fabrication-of-a-graphene-c60-nanohybrid-via-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-host-guest-chemistry-for-photodynamic-and-photothermal-therapy
#4
Zhen Hu, Cheng Wang, Feng Zhao, Xirong Xu, Shuhong Wang, Long Yu, Dayu Zhang, Yudong Huang
The wonderful chemical structures and characteristics of low-dimensional carbon materials have exciting applications in life sciences. In the present study, we developed a facile strategy to conjugate C60 with graphene via host-guest chemistry for targeted phototherapy. A versatile carrier based on folic acid-functionalized graphene (GO-FA) and comprising γ-cyclodextrin (γ-CD) at its surface was assembled via π-π interaction, creating hybrid structures with drug storage and tumor targeting properties. This γ-CD-modified graphene (GO-FA/Py-γ-CD) is capable of hosting pristine C60 molecules for the fabrication of a GO-FA/Py-γ-CD/C60 nanohybrid...
June 20, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629019/methotrexate-loaded-nitrogen-doped-graphene-quantum-dots-nanocarriers-as-an-efficient-anticancer-drug-delivery-system
#5
Fatemeh Khodadadei, Shahrokh Safarian, Narges Ghanbari
Graphene quantum dots (GQDs) are new efficient nanomaterials used in therapeutic applications. In this study, blue fluorescent nitrogen-doped GQDs (N-GQDs) were synthesized by a hydrothermal method via pyrolisis of citric acid as the carbon source and urea as the nitrogen source. The existence of doped nitrogen in GQDs was confirmed by FTIR characterization. Here, for the first time, the N-GQDs were loaded with the anticancer drug, methotrexate (MTX), to prepare MTX-(N-GQDs) as an efficient drug delivery system...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629006/a-colon-targeted-drug-delivery-system-based-on-alginate-modificated-graphene-oxide-for-colorectal-liver-metastasis
#6
Bin Zhang, Yayuan Yan, Qiujuan Shen, Dong Ma, Langhuan Huang, Xiang Cai, Shaozao Tan
A major problem associated with colon cancer is liver metastasis. A colon-targeted drug delivery system is one way to address this problem after the resection of colorectal cancer. However, traditional drug delivery systems face many challenges, such as an inability to control the release rate, inaccurate targeting, susceptibility to the microenvironment and poor stability. Here, we report the development of a graphene oxide (GO)-based, sodium alginate (ALG) functionalized colon-targeting drug delivery system, that is loaded with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) as the anti-cancer drug (denoted as GO-ALG/5-FU)...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624669/neutron-activatable-radionuclide-cancer-therapy-using-graphene-oxide-nanoplatelets
#7
Junghyun Kim, Michael Jay
Neutron-activation is a promising method of generating radiotherapeutics with minimal handling of radioactive materials. Graphene oxide nanoplatelets (GONs) were examined as a carrier for neutron-activatable holmium with the purpose of exploiting inherent characteristics for theranostic application. GONs were hypothesized to be an ideal candidate for this application owing to their desirable characteristics such as a rigid structure, high metal loading capacity, low density, heat resistance, and the ability to withstand harsh environments associated with the neutron-activation process...
June 1, 2017: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614069/pegylated-lipid-bilayer-wrapped-nano-graphene-oxides-for-synergistic-co-delivery-of-doxorubicin-and-rapamycin-to-prevent-drug-resistance-in-cancers
#8
Raj Kumar Thapa, Jeong Hoon Byeon, Han-Gon Choi, Chul Soon Yong, Jong Oh Kim
Nano-graphene oxide (nGO) is a carbon allotrope studied for its potential as carrier for chemotherapeutic delivery and its photoablation effects. However, interaction of nGO with blood components and the subsequent toxicities warrant a hybrid system for effective cancer drug delivery. Combination chemotherapy aids in effective cancer treatment and prevention of drug resistance. Therefore, in this study, we attempted to prepare polyethylene glycosylated (PEGylated) lipid bilayer-wrapped nGO co-loaded with doxorubicin (DOX) and rapamycin (RAPA), GOLDR, for the prevention and treatment of resistant cancers...
June 14, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575975/biosynthesis-of-reduced-graphene-oxide-and-its-in-vitro-cytotoxicity-against-cervical-cancer-hela-cell-lines
#9
Lan Luo, Lina Xu, Haibo Zhao
The present work proposed a simple, one pot, and green approach for the deoxygenation of graphene oxide (GO) using pyrogallol as reducing and stabilizing agent. This synthetic strategy prevents the utilization of toxic reducing reagents during synthesis. The characterization results of Ultra violet visible (UV-Vis), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photo electron spectroscopy (XPS), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) for the synthesized GO and reduced graphene oxide (RGO) indicated the strong removal of oxygen groups after reduction which followed by stabilization with oxidized form of pyrogallol...
September 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575959/multifunctional-inulin-tethered-silver-graphene-quantum-dots-nanotheranostic-module-for-pancreatic-cancer-therapy
#10
Preeti Nigam Joshi, Sachin Agawane, Meghana C Athalye, Vrushali Jadhav, Dhiman Sarkar, Rajiv Prakash
Cancer nanotechnology is an emerging area of cancer diagnosis and therapy. Although considerable progress has been made for targeted drug delivery systems to deliver anticancer agents to particular site of interest, new nanomaterials are frequently being developed and explored for better drug delivery efficiency. In the present work, we have explored a novel nanoformulation based on silver-graphene quantum dots (Ag-GQDs) nanocomposite for its successful implementation for pancreatic cancer specific drug delivery in wistar rats...
September 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572728/analysis-of-the-cytotoxicity-of-hierarchical-nanoporous-graphenic-carbon-against-human-glioblastoma-grade-iv-cells
#11
Sławomir Jaworski, Paulina Biniecka, Żaneta Bugajska, Karolina Daniluk, Sławomir Dyjak, Barbara Strojny, Marta Kutwin, Mateusz Wierzbicki, Marta Grodzik, André Chwalibog
A newly produced hierarchical, nanoporous carbon (HNC) material is studied for the first time in a biological model. The material consists of uniform particles and is characterized by a mean diameter <150 nm, a high specific surface area of 1,000 m(2)/g, well-developed porosity, and high electrical conductivity. These unique properties and ability to transfer charge create a possibility of employing HNC as a moderator of tumor cell growth. As the charge of HNC may interfere with cell membranes by adhesion and by bonding with cell receptors, it may block the supply of nutrients...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572671/interaction-studies-of-carbon-nanomaterials-and-plasma-activated-carbon-nanomaterials-solution-with-telomere-binding-protein
#12
Pankaj Attri, Jitender Gaur, Sooho Choi, Minsup Kim, Rohit Bhatia, Naresh Kumar, Ji Hoon Park, Art E Cho, Eun Ha Choi, Weontae Lee
Most cancer cells have telomerase activity because they can express the human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) gene. Therefore, the inhibition of the hTERT expression can play an important role in controlling cancer cell proliferation. Our current study aims to inhibit hTERT expression. For this, we synthesized graphene oxide (GO) and a functionalized multiwall carbon nanotube (f-MWCNT), latter treated them with cold atmospheric pressure plasma for further analysis of the hTERT expression. The inhibition of hTERT expression by GO, f-MWCNT, plasma activated GO solution (PGOS), and plasma activated f-MWCNT solution (PCNTS), was studied using two lung cancer cell lines, A549 and H460...
June 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554233/hyaluronic-acid-and-arg-gly-asp-peptide-modified-graphene-oxide-with-dual-receptor-targeting-function-for-cancer-therapy
#13
Yufeng Guo, Haixing Xu, Yiping Li, Fengzheng Wu, Yixuan Li, Yun Bao, Xiumei Yan, Zhijun Huang, Peihu Xu
Graphene oxide (GO) modified with hyaluronic acid (HA) and Arg-gly-asp peptide (RGD) was designed as a dual-receptor targeting drug delivery system to enhance the specificity and efficiency of anticancer drug delivery. Firstly, GO-HA-RGD conjugate was characterized to reveal its structure and morphology. Whereafter, doxorubicin (Dox) as a model drug was loaded on GO-HA-RGD carrier, which displayed a high loading rate (72.9%, GO:Dox (w/w) = 1:1), pH-response and sustained drug release behavior. Cytotoxicity experiments showed that GO-HA-RGD possessed excellent biocompatibility towards SKOV-3 and HOSEpiC cells...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552643/formation-of-graphene-oxide-hybridized-nanogels-for-combinative-anticancer-therapy
#14
Xin Xu, Jine Wang, Yifeng Wang, Liming Zhao, Yulin Li, Changsheng Liu
The low efficacy and high toxicity of chemotherapy have been driving increasing attention on development of combined anticancer therapy technique. In the current work, graphene oxide (GO)-hybridized nanogels (AGD) were developed for delivery of an anticancer drug (doxorubicin (DOX)), which simultaneously presented photothermal therapeutic effects against cancer cells. AGD nanogels were fabricated by in situ incorporating GO nanoplatelets into a biodegradable polymer (alginate) via a double emulsion approach using a disulfide molecule as crosslinker, followed by DOX encapsulation via electrostatic interactions...
May 26, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545193/synthesis-characterization-and-cytotoxic-evaluation-of-graphene-oxide-nanosheets-in-vitro-liver-cancer-model
#15
Samah A Loutfy, Taher A Salaheldin, Marwa A Ramadan, Khaled Yehia Farroh, Zeinab F Abdallah, Tareq Youssef
Background: Graphene nanosheets have a broad spectrum of biomedical applications. Hepatocellular cancer (HCC) is a major health problem in the Egyptian population. Currently, treatment strategies are invasive and have several adverse side effects. Thus, other approaches are required for managing this aggressive type of cancer. Our objective here was to prepare and characterize graphene oxide nanosheets and evaluate cytotoxic effect at the molecular level in an in vitro human liver cancer cell model (HepG2)...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544611/detection-of-nitric-oxide-from-living-cells-using-polymeric-zinc-organic-framework-derived-zinc-oxide-composite-with-conducting-polymer
#16
Min-Yeong Kim, Malenahalli Halappa Naveen, Nanjanagudu Ganesh Gurudatt, Yoon-Bo Shim
Sensitive and selective detection of nitric oxide (NO) in the human body is crucial since it has the vital roles in the physiological and pathological processes. This study reports a new type of electrochemical NO biosensor based on zinc-dithiooxamide framework derived porous ZnO nanoparticles and polyterthiophene-rGO composite. By taking advantage of the synergetic effect between ZnO and poly(TTBA-rGO) (TTBA = 3'-(p-benzoic acid)-2,2':5',2″-terthiophene, rGO = reduced graphene oxide) nanocomposite layer, the poly(TTBA-rGO)/ZnO sensor probe displays excellent electrocatalytic activity and explores to detect NO released from normal and cancer cell lines...
May 22, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526342/ph-controlled-drug-delivery-with-hybrid-aerogel-of-chitosan-carboxymethyl-cellulose-and-graphene-oxide-as-the-carrier
#17
Ren Wang, Dan Shou, Ouyang Lv, Yong Kong, Linhong Deng, Jian Shen
Hybrid aerogels of chitosan (CS), carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) and graphene oxide (GO) are successfully prepared by using calcium ion (Ca(2+)) as the crosslinker. The resultant hybrid aerogels, CS/CMC/Ca(2+)/GO, are characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. Due to the pH sensitivity of CS and CMC, pH-controlled drug delivery with CS/CMC/Ca(2+)/GO as the carrier is investigated using 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), an effective chemotherapeutic agent in the treatment of cancers, as the model drug...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495579/a-new-chemotherapy-agent-free-theranostic-system-composed-of-graphene-oxide-nano-complex-and-aptamers-for-treatment-of-cancer-cells
#18
Amirhossein Bahreyni, Rezvan Yazdian-Robati, Shirin Hashemitabar, Mohammad Ramezani, Pouria Ramezani, Khalil Abnous, Seyed Mohammad Taghdisi
The common cancer treatment strategies like chemotherapy and radiotherapy are nonspecific and can trigger severe side effects by damaging normal cells. So, targeted cancer therapies, such as apoptosis induction, have attracted great attention in recent years. In this project, two nano-complexes, MUC1 aptamer-NAS-24 aptamer-Graphene oxide (GO) and MUC1 aptamer-Cytochrome C aptamer-GO, were designed to induce cell programmed death in MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 cells (breast cancer cell lines) and to verify the level of apoptosis in both cell lines...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461100/reinforcing-nanomedicine-using-graphene-family-nanomaterials
#19
REVIEW
Jumana Abdul Jaleel, S Sruthi, K Pramod
Graphene is an allotrope of carbon which consists of single layered sp(2) hybridized carbon arranged in honey comb lattice. The fascinating properties such as ultrahigh surface area, high electrical and thermal conductivity and optical property made graphene a major point of research interest. Apart from their application in the field such as nanoelectronics, energy storage, engineering of nanocomposite materials, transistors, sensors, diodes, catalysis; they are also investigated in the field of nanomedicine...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453020/graphene-oxide-black-phosphorus-nanoflake-aerogels-with-robust-thermo-stability-and-significantly-enhanced-photothermal-properties-in-air
#20
Chenyang Xing, Guanghui Jing, Xin Liang, Meng Qiu, Zhongjun Li, Rui Cao, Xiaojing Li, Dianyuan Fan, Han Zhang
Here we report a new kind of three-dimensional (3D) hybrid aerogels, based on graphene oxide (GO) and black phosphorus nanoflakes (BPNFs), for the first time. Our results demonstrate that the as-prepared GO/BPNF hybrid aerogels exhibited significantly enhanced photothermal as well as electrical properties of GO aerogels due to the addition of BP. Moreover, they also possessed excellent photothermal stability under ambient conditions without any protection, which can be ascribed to the coverage of BPNFs with GO nanosheets in these aerogels...
April 28, 2017: Nanoscale
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