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Graphene cancer

Hamid Kooshki, Jamal Rashidiani, Mehdi Kamali, Hamid Sedighian, Mostafa Akbariqomi, Mansour Mansouri
The increasing progress in using nano-biomaterials for medical purposes has opened new horizons toward researchers around the globe. To investigate the presence of these nanomaterials and the impacts they might have, a comparative enhanced-electrochemiluminescence immunosensing study has been designed. The effects of utilizing graphene oxide, silica, and gold nanoparticles in cancer diagnosis were evaluated during the quantification of two major cancer biomarkers (CEA and AFP) in different approaches. In other words, first and second approaches were designed to employ nanomaterials while third and fourth approaches were developed in absence of those...
November 8, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Ajith Pattammattel, Paritosh Pande, Deepa Kuttappan, Megan Puglia, Ashis K Basu, Mary Amalaradjou, Challa V Kumar
Controlling the graphene-bio interface is important for biological applications of graphene, which is touted as the wonder material of the new century. Graphene samples made in animal sera indicated low toxicity to cells and nematodes, due to the adsorption of the serum proteins on the nascent graphene sheets. The graphite samples were exfoliated in 6 different animal sera, using three different methods, shear reactor, the kitchen blender and by ultrasonication, and maximum efficiency was noted with the kitchen blender...
November 16, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Yan Zeng, Jing Bao, Yanan Zhao, Danqun Huo, Mei Chen, Mei Yang, Huanbao Fa, Changjun Hou
Previous studies have confirmed that cytokeratin 19 fragment antigen 21-1 (CYFRA 21-1) serves as a powerful biomarker in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Herein, we report for the first time a label-free electrochemical immunosensor for sensitive and selective detection of tumor marker CYFRA21-1. In this work, three-dimensional graphene @ gold nanoparticles (3D-G@Au) nanocomposite was modified on the glassy carbon electrode (GCE) surface to enhance the conductivity of immunosensor. The anti-CYFRA21-1 captured and fixed on the modified GCE through the cross-linking of chitosan (CS), glutaraldehyde (GA) and anti-CYFRA21-1...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
Yi Teng Fong, Chih-Hao Chen, Jyh-Ping Chen
By taking advantage of the pH-sensitive drug release property of graphene oxide (GO) after intracellular uptake, we prepared folic acid (FA)-conjugated GO (GOFA) for targeted delivery of the chemotherapeutic drug doxorubicin (DOX). GOFA-DOX was further encapsulated in an injectable in-situ forming thermo-sensitive hyaluronic acid-chitosan-g-poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (HACPN) hydrogel for intratumoral delivery of DOX. As the degradation time of HACPN could be extended up to 3 weeks, intratumoral delivery of GOFA-DOX/HACPN could provide controlled and targeted delivery of DOX through slow degradation HACPN and subsequent cellular uptake of released GOFA-DOX by tumor cells through interactions of GOFA with folate receptors on the tumor cell's surface...
November 14, 2017: Nanomaterials
Qinfu Zhao, Yuanzhe Lin, Ning Han, Xian Li, Hongjian Geng, Xiudan Wang, Yu Cui, Siling Wang
Recent development of nano-technology provides highly efficient and versatile treatment methods to achieve better therapeutic efficacy and lower side effects of malignant cancer. The exploration of drug delivery systems (DDSs) based on nano-material shows great promise in translating nano-technology to clinical use to benefit patients. As an emerging inorganic nanomaterial, mesoporous carbon nanomaterials (MCNs) possess both the mesoporous structure and the carbonaceous composition, endowing them with superior nature compared with mesoporous silica nanomaterials and other carbon-based materials, such as carbon nanotube, graphene and fullerene...
2017: Drug Delivery
Qilin Yu, Bing Zhang, Jianrong Li, Tingting Du, Xiao Yi, Mingchun Li, Wei Chen, Pedro J J Alvarez
Graphene oxide (GO)-based materials are increasingly being used in medical materials and consumer products. However, their sublethal effects on biological systems are poorly understood. Here, we report that GO (at 10 to 160 mg/L) induced significant inhibitory effects on the growth of different unicellular organisms, including eukaryotes (i.e. Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Candida albicans, and Komagataella pastoris) and prokaryotes (Pseudomonas fluorescens). Growth inhibition could not be explained by commonly reported cytotoxicity mechanisms such as plasma membrane damage or oxidative stress...
November 9, 2017: Nanotoxicology
Yuanhong Xu, Xiaoxia Wang, Wen Ling Zhang, Fan Lv, Shaojun Guo
The development of two-dimensional (2D) inorganic materials-based quantum dots (QDs) is still in its infancy but is triggering immense enthusiasm due to their high chemical stability, good aqueous dispersibility, excellent optical property, good biocompatibility and easy functionalization. This review covers almost all the extant 2D-QDs based on graphene, phosphorene, silicene, carbides, nitrides, transition metal dichalcogenide, transition metal oxides and MXenes, etc. Their categories, synthetic routes, properties, functionalization and applications are critically highlighted...
November 8, 2017: Chemical Society Reviews
Mohammad Hasanzadeh, Hossein Navay Baghban, Nasrin Shadjou, Ahad Mokhtarzadeh
An ultrasensitive electrochemical immunosensor for quantitation of tumor suppressor protein p53 based on ternary signal amplification strategy was fabricated. In this work, p53-antibody was immobilized onto a green and biocompatible nanocomposite containing poly L-cysteine (P-Cys) as conductive matrix and graphene quantum dots (GQDs)/gold nanoparticles (GNPs) as dual amplification elements. Therefore, a novel multilayer film based on P-Cys, GQDs, and GNPs was exploited to develop a highly sensitive immunosensor for detection of p53...
November 4, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Qi Zhang, Xiaoyan Li, Chunhua Qian, Li Dou, Feng Cui, Xiaojun Chen
The content of neuron specific enolase (NSE) in serum is considered to be an essential indicator of small cell lung cancer (SCLC). Here, a novel label-free electrochemical immunoassay for the detection of NSE based on the three dimensionally macroporous reduced graphene oxide/polyaniline (3DM rGO/PANI) film has been proposed. The 3DM rGO/PANI film was constructed by electrochemical co-deposition of GO and aniline into the interspaces of a sacrificial silica opal template modified Au slice. During the co-deposition, GO was successfully reduced by aniline and PANI could be deposited on the surfaces of rGO sheets...
November 4, 2017: Analytical Biochemistry
Dominika Damborska, Tomas Bertok, Erika Dosekova, Alena Holazova, Lenka Lorencova, Peter Kasak, Jan Tkac
Screening serum for the presence of prostate specific antigen (PSA) belongs to the most common approach for the detection of prostate cancer. This review (with 156 refs.) addresses recent developments in PSA detection based on the use of various kinds of nanomaterials. It starts with an introduction into the field, the significance of testing for PSA, and on current limitations. A first main section treats electrochemical biosensors for PSA, with subsections on methods based on the use of gold electrodes, graphene or graphene-oxide, carbon nanotubes, hybrid nanoparticles, and other types of nanoparticles...
July 14, 2017: Mikrochimica Acta
Mohadeseh Hashemi, Meisam Omidi, Bharadwaj Muralidharan, Lobat Tayebi, Matthew J Herpin, Mohammad Ali Mohagheghi, Javad Mohammadi, Hugh D C Smyth, Thomas E Milner
Stimuli responsive polyelectrolyte nanoparticles have been developed for chemo-photothermal destruction of breast cancer cells. This novel system, called layer by layer Lipo-graph (LBL Lipo-graph), is composed of alternate layers of graphene oxide (GO) and graphene oxide conjugated poly (l-lysine) (GO-PLL) deposited on cationic liposomes encapsulating doxorubicin. Various concentrations of GO and GO-PLL were examined and the optimal LBL Lipo-graph was found to have a particle size of 267.9 ± 13 nm, zeta potential of +43...
November 8, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
Dandan Zhang, Liewei Wen, Ru Huang, Huanhuan Wang, Xianglong Hu, Da Xing
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been proposed in cancer treatment for decades, but its clinical translation is significantly impeded by the low yield of ROS, poor tissue penetration depth of most current photosensitizers, and short lifetime of ROS. These limitations directly affect the therapeutic effect of PDT in cancer therapy. Here we proposed a new strategy by collaboratively integrating rare-earth doped upconversion nanoparticles (UCNP) with graphene quantum dot (GQD) for highly efficacious PDT, based on the merits of UCNP, which can emit UV-vis light under near-infrared light (NIR) excitation, and GQD, which can produce (1)O2 efficiently...
October 23, 2017: Biomaterials
Tzu-En Lin, Yu-Jen Lu, Chia-Liang Sun, Horst Pick, Jyh-Ping Chen, Andreas Lesch, Hubert H Girault
Monitoring biomarkers and injected theranostic nanomaterials in tissues and organs plays a pivotal role in numerous medical applications ranging from cancer diagnostics to drug delivery. Scanning electrochemical microscopy has been demonstrated as a powerful tool to create highly resolved maps of the distributions of relevant biomolecules in cells and tissues without suffering from optical interferences as conventional microscopy. We demonstrate for the first time the application of soft microelectrodes brushing in contact mode over large and thick tissues as well as organs that were immersed in an electrolyte solution...
October 30, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Baishnisha Amanulla, Selvakumar Palanisamy, Shen-Ming Chen, Te-Wei Chiu, Vijayalakshmi Velusamy, James M Hall, Tse-Wei Chen, Sayee Kannan Ramaraj
Excess nitrite (NO2(-)) concentrations in water supplies is considered detrimental to the environment and human health, and is associated with incidence of stomach cancer. In this work, the authors describe a nitrite detection system based on the synthesis of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) on reduced graphene oxide (rGO) using an aqueous solution of chitosan and succinic acid. The AuNPs-rGO nanocomposite was confirmed by different physicochemical characterization methods including transmission electron microscopy, elemental analysis, X-ray diffraction, UV-visible (UV-vis) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy...
October 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
Xi-Feng Zhang, Feng-Hua Huang, Guo-Liang Zhang, Ding-Ping Bai, De Felici Massimo, Yi-Fan Huang, Sangiliyandi Gurunathan
BACKGROUND: Recently, there has been much interest in the field of nanomedicine to improve prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. Combination therapy seems to be most effective when two different molecules that work by different mechanisms are combined at low dose, thereby decreasing the possibility of drug resistance and occurrence of unbearable side effects. Based on this consideration, the study was designed to investigate the combination effect of reduced graphene oxide-silver nanoparticles (rGO-AgNPs) and trichostatin A (TSA) in human ovarian cancer cells (SKOV3)...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Edson José Comparetti, Valber de Albuquerque Pedrosa, Ramon Kaneno
In 2015, cancer was the cause of almost 22% of deaths worldwide. The high frequency of relapsing diseases and metastasis requires the development of new diagnostic and therapeutic approaches, and the use of nanomaterials is a promising tool for fighting cancer. Among the more extensively studied nanomaterials are carbon nanotubes (CNTs), synthesized as graphene sheets, whose spiral shape is varied in length and thickness. Their physicochemical features, such as the resistance to tension, and thermal and electrical conductivity, allow their application in several fields...
November 7, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Tanveer Tabish, Zahid Pranjol, Hasan Hayat, Alma Rahat, Trefa Mohammed Abdullah, Jacqueline Whatmore, Shaowei Zhang
The intriguing properties of reduced graphene oxide (rGO) have paved the way for a number of potential biomedical applications such as drug delivery, tissue engineering, gene delivery and bio-sensing. Over the last decade, there have been escalating concerns regarding the possible toxic effects, behaviour and fate of rGO in living systems and environments. This paper reports on integrative chemical-biological interactions of rGO with lung cancer cells, i.e. A549 and SKMES-1, to determine its potential toxicological impacts on them, as a function of its concentration...
October 24, 2017: Nanotechnology
Afua A Antwi-Boasiako, Derrick Dunn, Samuel S R Dasary, Yolanda K Jones, Sandra L Barnes, Anant K Singh
In this article, we demonstrate the use of bio-conjugated 2D graphene oxide (bio-GO) nanostructure to probe breast cancer cell (SKBR3) with excellent discrimination over other types of circulating tumor cells. We distinctly observed that bio-GO nanostructure targets and bind SKBR3 cell selectively in the cell mixture. Longer incubation of SKBR3 cell with bio-GO causes Raman signal "turn off" when excited with 532 nm laser. This is attributed to penetration of the bio-GO through the plasma membrane of the cell by generating transient hole...
August 2017: Journal of Raman Spectroscopy: JRS
Guangming Nie, Yang Wang, Yun Tang, Dan Zhao, Qingfu Guo
A novel electrochemiluminescence (ECL) immunosensor for ultrasensitive detection of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) was developed using signal amplification strategy based on poly(5-formylindole)/reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite (P5FIn/erGO) and Au nanoparticle (AuNP) decorated graphene quantum dots (GQDs) (GQDs@AuNP). As an effective matrix for immobilization of primary antibody (Ab1), P5FIn/erGO nanocomposite facilitated the ion transport during the redox reactions and provided larger surface areas for the immobilization of Ab1...
October 12, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Jing Meng, Xiujin Chen, Yang Tian, Zhongfeng Li, Qingfeng Zheng
Imaging-guided photothermal therapy provides an attractive way to eliminate the risk of cancer. In this paper, we prepared a composite material by nanoscale metal-organic frames (NMOFs) and graphene oxide (GO) for the potential use of photothermal therapy (PTT) of tumor guided with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The NMOFs containing Fe3+ were prefabricated with an octahedral morphology by a solvothermal reaction, offering strong T2-weighted contrast in MRI. Then the NMOFs were decorated with GO nanosheets, which were good at photothermal function...
October 19, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
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