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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088076/in%C3%A2-vivo-visualization-of-endogenous-mir-21-using-hyaluronic-acid-coated-graphene-oxide-for-targeted-cancer-therapy
#1
Do Won Hwang, Han Young Kim, Fangyuan Li, Ji Yong Park, Dohyun Kim, Jae Hyung Park, Hwa Seung Han, Jung Woo Byun, Yun-Sang Lee, Jae Min Jeong, Kookheon Char, Dong Soo Lee
Oncogene-targeted nucleic acid therapy has been spotlighted as a new paradigm for cancer therapeutics. However, in vivo delivery issues and uncertainty of therapeutic antisense drug reactions remain critical hurdles for a successful targeted cancer therapy. In this study, we developed a fluorescence-switchable theranostic nanoplatform using hyaluronic acid (HA)-conjugated graphene oxide (GO), which is capable of both sensing oncogenic miR-21 and inhibiting its tumorigenicity simultaneously. Cy3-labeled antisense miR-21 peptide nucleic acid (PNA) probes loaded onto HA-GO (HGP21) specifically targeted CD44-positive MBA-MB231 cells and showed fluorescence recovery by interacting with endogenous miR-21 in the cytoplasm of the MBA-MB231 cells...
December 31, 2016: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079217/cisplatin-induced-self-assembly-of-graphene-oxide-sheets-into-spherical-nanoparticles-for-damaging-sub-cellular-dna
#2
Aditi Nandi, Abhik Mallick, Piyush More, Poulomi Sengupta, Nirmalya Ballav, Sudipta Basu
This report describes the hitherto unobserved cisplatin induced self-assembly of 2D-graphene oxide sheets into 3D-spherical nano-scale particles. These nanoparticles can encompass dual DNA damaging drugs simultaneously. A combination of confocal microscopy, gel electrophoresis and flow cytometry studies clearly demonstrated that these novel nanoparticles can internalize into cancer cells by endocytosis, localize into lysosomes, and damage DNA, leading to apoptosis. Cell viability assays indicated that these nanoparticles were more cytotoxic towards cancer cells compared to healthy cells...
January 12, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069192/acoustic-cavitation-induced-generation-of-stabilizer-free-extremely-stable-reduced-graphene-oxide-nanodispersion-for-efficient-delivery-of-paclitaxel-in-cancer-cells
#3
Renu Geetha Bai, Kasturi Muthoosamy, Fiona Natalia Shipton, Sivakumar Manickam
Graphene is one of the highly explored nanomaterials due to its unique and extraordinary properties. In this study, by utilizing a hydrothermal reduction method, graphene oxide (GO) was successfully converted to reduced graphene oxide (RGO) without using any toxic reducing agents. Following this, with the use of ultrasonic cavitation, profoundly stable few layer thick RGO nanodispersion was generated without employing any stabilizers or surfactants. During ultrasonication, shockwaves from the collapse of bubbles cause a higher dispersing energy to the graphene nanosheets which surpass the forces of Van der Waal's and π-π stacking and thus pave the way to form a stable aqueous nanodispersion of graphene...
May 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067928/near-infrared-light-mediated-enhancement-of-reactive-oxygen-species-generation-through-electron-transfer-from-graphene-oxide-to-iron-hydroxide-oxide
#4
Yue He, Andrea Del Valle, Yu Qian, Yu-Fen Huang
Clinical applications of current photodynamic therapy (PDT) agents are often restricted to be activated only by UV and visible light, which have very poor tissue penetration depths. In this study, a new near infrared (NIR)-absorbing nanoagent based on graphene oxide decorated with iron hydroxide/oxide (GO-FeOxH) was developed for light-activated nanomaterial-mediated PDT. This nanocomposite, GO-FeOxH was prepared via the one-step electrooxidation of iron nails in an aqueous GO solution. The as-prepared GO-FeOxH showed a much higher reactive oxygen species (ROS) activity under NIR light irradiation than GO...
January 9, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057464/graphene-quantum-dots-for-cancer-targeted-drug-delivery
#5
Daniela Iannazzo, Alessandro Pistone, Marina Salamò, Signorino Galvagno, Roberto Romeo, Salvatore V Giofré, Caterina Branca, Giuseppa Visalli, Angela Di Pietro
A biocompatible and cell traceable drug delivery system Graphene Quantum Dots (GQD) based, for the targeted delivery of the DNA intercalating drug doxorubicin (DOX) to cancer cells, is here reported. Highly dispersible and water soluble GQD, synthesized by acidic oxidation and exfoliation of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT), were covalently linked to the tumor targeting module biotin (BTN), able to efficiently recognize biotin receptors over-expressed on cancer cells and loaded with DOX. Biological test performed on A549 cells reported a very low toxicity of the synthesized carrier (GQD and GQD-BTN)...
January 2, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056439/fe3o4-nanoparticles-on-graphene-oxide-sheets-for-isolation-and-ultrasensitive-amperometric-detection-of-cancer-biomarker-proteins
#6
Mohamed Sharafeldin, Gregory W Bishop, Snehasis Bhakta, Abdelhamid El-Sawy, Steven L Suib, James F Rusling
Ultrasensitive mediator-free electrochemical detection for biomarker proteins was achieved at low cost using a novel composite of Fe3O4 nanoparticles loaded onto graphene oxide (GO) nano-sheets (Fe3O4@GO). This paramagnetic Fe3O4@GO composite (1µm size range) was decorated with antibodies against prostate specific antigen (PSA) and prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA), and then used to first capture these biomarkers and then deliver them to an 8-sensor detection chamber of a microfluidic immunoarray. Screen-printed carbon sensors coated with electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO) and a second set of antibodies selectively capture the biomarker-laden Fe3O4@GO particles, which subsequently catalyze hydrogen peroxide reduction to detect PSA and PSMA...
December 27, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047773/we-fg-bra-09-using-graphene-oxide-nano-flakes-during-image-guided-radiotherapy-to-minimize-the-potential-of-cancer-recurrence-or-metastasis
#7
D Toomeh, W Ngwa, E Sajo, Y Hao, S Gadoue
PURPOSE: An increasing number of studies show that cancer stem cells (CSCs) become more invasive (metastatic) and may escape into the blood stream and lymph nodes during radiotherapy (RT), before they have received a lethal dose during RT. Other Studies have shown that Graphene oxide (GO) can selectively inhibit the proliferative expansion of CSCs across multiplicative tumor types. In this study we investigate the feasibility of using GO during radiotherapy (RT) to minimize the escape of CSCs towards preventing cancer metastasis or recurrence...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043052/remote-controlled-drug-release-from-multi-functional-fe3o4-go-chitosan-microspheres-fabricated-by-an-electrospray-method
#8
Sheng Li, Ling Xiao, Hongbing Deng, Xiaowen Shi, Qihua Cao
The construction of multifunctional microspheres for remote controlled drug release requires the exquisite selection of composite materials and preparation approaches. In this study, chitosan, an amino polysaccharide, was blended with inorganic nanocomponents, Fe3O4 and graphene oxide (GO) and electrosprayed to fabricate uniform microspheres with the diameters ranging from 100μm to 1100μm. An anti-cancer drug, doxorubicin (DOX), was loaded to the microspheres by an adsorption or embedding method. The microsphere is responsive to magnetic fields due to the presence of Fe3O4, and the incorporation of GO enhanced the drug loading capacity...
December 23, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042941/a-ph-responsive-self-sacrificial-nanotheranostic-agent-for-potential-in-vivo-and-in-vitro-dual-modal-mri-ct-imaging-real-time-and-in-situ-monitoring-of-cancer-therapy
#9
Ludan Yue, Jinlong Wang, Zhichao Dai, Zunfu Hu, Xue Chen, Yafei Qi, Xiuwen Zheng, Dexin Yu
Multifunctional nanotheranostic agents have been highly commended due to the application to realize image-guided cancer therapy. Herein, based on the chemically disordered face centered cubic (fcc) FePt nanoparticles (NPs) and graphene oxide(GO), we develop a pH-responsive FePt-based multifunctional theranostic agent for potential in vivo and in vitro dual modal MRI/CT imaging and in-situ cancer inhibition. The fcc-FePt will release highly active Fe ions due to the low pH in tumor cells, which would catalyze H2O2 decomposition into reactive oxygen species (ROS) within the cells and further induce cancer cell apoptosis...
January 2, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038737/biocompatible-electrospinning-chitosan-nanofibers-a-novel-delivery-system-with-superior-local-cancer-therapy
#10
Roya Sedghi, Alireza Shaabani, Zohreh Mohammadi, Fatemeh Yazdi Samadi, Elham Isaei
In this study, an electrospinning technique was used for the fabrication of novel biomedicated nanofibers which are applied for preventing wound infections and local chemotherapy. CURs containing nanofibers with a crosslinking agent (Si-O-Si network) have been produced through functionalization of graphene oxide with APTES. In vitro drug release profile results showed the novel nanofibers could limit the drug's initial burst release and provide better sustainability in comparison with the blend nanofibers without modified GO...
March 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024622/synthesis-of-a-novel-thermo-ph-sensitive-nanogel-based-on-salep-modified-graphene-oxide-for-drug-release
#11
Ghasem Rezanejade Bardajee, Zari Hooshyar, Maryam Farsi, Akram Mobini, Golnaz Sang
Nanogels (NGs) are three-dimensional water soluble cross-linked hydrogel materials in the nanoscale size range with a high loading capacity for guest molecules and act as drug carrier systems. In the present work, a new type of thermo/pH sensitive NG comprising salep modified graphene oxide (SMGO) with branched N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) and acrylic acid (AA) was prepared. The SMGO/P(NIPAM-co-AA) NGs exhibited nanoporous structure and spherical particles with diameters about 82nm as characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and dynamic light scattering (DLS)...
March 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010840/electrochemical-paper-based-peptide-nucleic-acid-biosensor-for-detecting-human-papillomavirus
#12
Prinjaporn Teengam, Weena Siangproh, Adisorn Tuantranont, Charles S Henry, Tirayut Vilaivan, Orawon Chailapakul
A novel paper-based electrochemical biosensor was developed using an anthraquinone-labeled pyrrolidinyl peptide nucleic acid (acpcPNA) probe (AQ-PNA) and graphene-polyaniline (G-PANI) modified electrode to detect human papillomavirus (HPV). An inkjet printing technique was employed to prepare the paper-based G-PANI-modified working electrode. The AQ-PNA probe baring a negatively charged amino acid at the N-terminus was immobilized onto the electrode surface through electrostatic attraction. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) was used to verify the AQ-PNA immobilization...
February 1, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009506/earthicle-the-design-of-a-conceptually-new-type-of-particle
#13
Vuk Uskoković, Sebastian Pernal, Victoria M Wu
The conception and the steps made in the design of a conceptually new type of composite particle, so-called "earthicle", are being described. This particle is meant to roughly mimic the layered structure of the Earth, having zerovalent iron core, silicate mantle, and a thin carbonaceous crust resembling the biosphere and its geological remnants. Particles are made in a stable colloidal form in an aqueous medium, involving chemical precipitation and pyrolysis of citric acid in the solution. The effects of various synthesis parameters were studied, including borohydride and oleate concentrations, APTES/TEOS molar ratio, chemical nature of the carbon precursors, and others...
January 5, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005089/-fullerenols-in-therapy-and-diagnosis-of-cancer
#14
REVIEW
Anna Lichota, Anita Krokosz
Malignant tumors are one of the main causes of death in Poland. One of the objectives of contemporary biomedical research is to maximize the effects of therapeutic strategies. The actions undertaken to improve therapeutic agents are aimed at reducing the side effects of cancer treatments. Another direction of investigations is the search for protective substances that reduce the toxicity of the drug to normal cells. Carbon-based nanomaterials (fullerenes and their derivatives, graphene, carbon nanotubes, nanodiamonds) are a broad class of nanoparticles that have potential biomedical applications in both therapy and diagnostics...
December 22, 2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004583/mesoporous-silica-coated-polydopamine-functionalized-reduced-graphene-oxide-for-synergistic-targeted-chemo-photothermal-therapy
#15
Leihou Shao, Ruirui Zhang, Jianqing Lu, Caiyan Zhao, Xiongwei Deng, Yan Wu
The integration of different therapies into a single nanoplatform has shown great promise for synergistic tumor treatment. Herein, mesoporous silica (MS) coated polydopamine functionalized reduced graphene oxide (pRGO) and further modified with hyaluronic acid (HA) (pRGO@MS-HA) has been utilized as a versatile nanoplatform for synergistic targeted chemo-photothermal therapy against cancer. A facile and green chemical method is adopted for the simultaneous reduction and noncovalent functionalization of graphene oxide (GO) by using mussel inspired dopamine (DA) to enhance biocompatibility and photothermal effect...
December 22, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002945/mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles-capped-with-graphene-quantum-dots-for-potential-chemo-photothermal-synergistic-cancer-therapy
#16
Xianxian Yao, Zhengfang Tian, Jiaxing Liu, Yufang Zhu, Nobutaka Hanagata
In this study, mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) have been successfully capped with graphene quantum dots (GQDs) to form multifunctional GQD-MSNs with the potential for synergistic chemo-photothermal therapy. The structure, drug-release behavior, photothermal effect, and synergistic therapeutic efficiency of GQD-MSNs to 4T1 breast cancer cells were investigated. The results showed that GQD-MSNs were monodisperse and had a particle size of 50-60 nm. Using doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX) as a model drug, the DOX-loaded GQD-MSNs (DOX-GQD-MSNs) not only exhibited pH- and temperature-responsive drug-release behavior, but using near-infrared irradiation, they efficiently generated heat to kill cancer cells...
December 30, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992855/amplified-detection-of-leukemia-cancer-cells-using-an-aptamer-conjugated-gold-coated-magnetic-nanoparticles-on-a-nitrogen-doped-graphene-modified-electrode
#17
Seyyed Mehdi Khoshfetrat, Masoud A Mehrgardi
The increasing demands for early, accurate and ultrasensitive diagnosis of cancers demonstrate the importance of the development of new amplification strategies or diagnostic technologies. In the present study, an aptamer-based electrochemical biosensor for ultrasensitive and selective detection of leukemia cancer cells has been introduced. The thiolated sgc8c aptamer was immobilized on gold nanoparticles-coated magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles (Apt-GMNPs). Ethidium bromide (EB), intercalated into the stem of the aptamer hairpin, provides the read-out signal for the quantification of the leukemia cancer cells...
December 12, 2016: Bioelectrochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992802/a-label-free-and-high-efficient-go-based-aptasensor-for-cancer-cells-based-on-cyclic-enzymatic-signal-amplification
#18
Kunyi Xiao, Juan Liu, Hui Chen, Song Zhang, Jilie Kong
A label-free and high-efficient graphene oxide (GO)-based aptasensor was developed for the detection of low quantity cancer cells based on cell-triggered cyclic enzymatic signal amplification (CTCESA). In the absence of target cells, hairpin aptamer probes (HAPs) and dye-labeled linker DNAs stably coexisted in solution, and the fluorescence was quenched by the GO-based FÖrster resonance energy transfer (FRET) process. In the presence of target cells, the specific binding of HAPs with the target cells triggered a conformational alternation, which resulted in linker DNA complementary pairing and cleavage by nicking endonuclease-strand scission cycles...
November 25, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987686/what-are-the-reasons-for-low-use-of-graphene-quantum-dots-in-immunosensing-of-cancer-biomarkers
#19
REVIEW
Mohammad Hasanzadeh, Nasrin Shadjou
Graphene quantum dots-based immunosensors have recently gained importance for detecting antigens and biomarkers responsible for cancer diagnosis. This paper reports a literature survey of the applications of graphene quantum dots for sensing cancer biomarkers. The survey sought to explore three questions: (1) Do graphene quantum dots improve immunosensing technology? (2) If so, can graphene quantum dots have a critical, positive impact on construction of immuno-devices? And (3) What is the reason for some troubles in the application of this technology? The number of published papers in the field seems positively answer the first two questions...
February 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987660/preparation-of-dual-responsive-hybrid-fluorescent-nano-probe-based-on-graphene-oxide-and-boronic-acid-bodipy-conjugated-polymer-for-cell-imaging
#20
Khoerunnisa, Eun Bi Kang, Zihnil Adha Islamy Mazrad, Gibaek Lee, Insik In, Sung Young Park
Here, we report a pH- and thermo-responsive fluorescent nanomaterial of functionalized reduced graphene oxide (rGO) with cross-linked polymer produced via catechol-boronate diol binding mechanism. When conjugated with the hydrophobic dye boron dipyrromethane (BODIPY), this material can act as a dual-responsive nanoplatform for cells imaging. 2-Chloro-3',4'-dihydroxyacetophenone (CCDP)-quaternized-poly(dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate-co-N-isopropylacrylamide) [C-PDN] was cross-linked with BODIPY and 4-chlorophenyl boronic acid (BA)-quaternized-poly(ethylene glycol)-g-poly(dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate-co-N-isopropylacrylamide) [BB-PPDN]...
February 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
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