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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442744/biomimetic-antimicrobial-cloak-by-graphene-oxide-agar-hydrogel
#1
Massimiliano Papi, Valentina Palmieri, Francesca Bugli, Marco De Spirito, Maurizio Sanguinetti, Carlotta Ciancico, Maria Chiara Braidotti, Silvia Gentilini, Luca Angelani, Claudio Conti
Antibacterial surfaces have an enormous economic and social impact on the worldwide technological fight against diseases. However, bacteria develop resistance and coatings are often not uniform and not stable in time. The challenge is finding an antibacterial coating that is biocompatible, cost-effective, not toxic, and spreadable over large and irregular surfaces. Here we demonstrate an antibacterial cloak by laser printing of graphene oxide hydrogels mimicking the Cancer Pagurus carapace. We observe up to 90% reduction of bacteria cells...
December 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422486/stable-nanocomposite-based-on-pegylated-and-silver-nanoparticles-loaded-graphene-oxide-for-long-term-antibacterial-activity
#2
Rongtao Zhao, Min Lv, Yang Li, Mingxuan Sun, Wen Kong, Lihua Wang, Shiping Song, Chunhai Fan, Leili Jia, Shaofu Qiu, Yansong Sun, Hongbin Song, Rongzhang Hao
The increasing occurrence of antibiotic-resistant pathogens, especially superbugs, is compromising the efficacy of traditional antibiotics. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) loaded graphene oxide (GO) nanocomposite (GO-Ag) has drawn great interest as a promising alternative antibacterial material. However, GO-Ag nanocomposite often irreversibly aggregates in physiological solutions, severely influencing its antibacterial capacity and practical application. Herein, a PEGylated and AgNPs loaded GO nanocomposite (GO-PEG-Ag) is synthesized through a facile approach utilizing microwave irradiation, while avoiding extra reducing agents...
April 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395161/antibacterial-potential-of-electrochemically-exfoliated-graphene-sheets
#3
Zoran M Marković, Danka M Matijašević, Vladimir B Pavlović, Svetlana P Jovanović, Ivanka D Holclajtner-Antunović, Zdenko Špitalský, Matej Mičušik, Miroslav D Dramićanin, Dušan D Milivojević, Miomir P Nikšić, Biljana M Todorović Marković
Electrochemically exfoliated graphene is functionalized graphene with potential application in biomedicine. Two most relevant biological features of this material are its electrical conductivity and excellent water dispersibility. In this study we have tried to establish the correlation between graphene structure and its antibacterial properties. The exfoliation process was performed in a two electrode-highly oriented pyrolytic graphite electrochemical cell. Solution of ammonium persulfate was used as an electrolyte...
April 2, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345852/layer-number-dependent-antibacterial-and-osteogenic-behaviors-of-graphene-oxide-electrophoretic-deposited-on-titanium
#4
Jiajun Qiu, Hao Geng, Donghui Wang, Shi Qian, Hongqin Zhu, Yuqin Qiao, Wenhao Qian, Xuanyong Liu
Graphene oxide has attracted widespread attention in the biomedical fields due to its excellent biocompatibility. Herein we investigated the layer-number dependent antibacterial and osteogenic behaviors of graphene oxide in biointerfaces. Graphene oxide with different layer numbers was deposited on the titanium surfaces by cathodal electrophoretic deposition with varied deposition voltages. The initial cell adhesion and spreading, cell proliferation, and osteogenic differentiation were observed from all the samples using rat bone mesenchymal stem cells...
March 31, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334626/label-free-electrochemiluminescent-biosensor-for-rapid-and-sensitive-detection-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-using-phage-as-highly-specific-recognition-agent
#5
Huan Yue, Yong He, Enci Fan, Lin Wang, Shuguang Lu, Zhifeng Fu
A virulent phage named as PaP1 was isolated from hospital sewage based on a lambda phage isolation protocol. This phage showed a strong and highly specific binding ability to Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa). Using this isolated phage as a recognition agent, a novel electrochemiluminescent (ECL) biosensor was developed for label-free detection of P. aeruginosa. The biosensor was fabricated through depositing phage-conjugated carboxyl graphene onto the surface of a glass carbon electrode. After specific binding of the host bacteria through the adsorption of P...
March 18, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329722/antibacterial-properties-of-amino-acid-functionalized-silver-nanoparticles-decorated-on-graphene-oxide-sheets
#6
Kumudini Chandraker, Rekha Nagwanshi, S K Jadhav, Kallol K Ghosh, Manmohan L Satnami
Graphene oxide (GO) sheets decorated with amino acid L-cysteine (L-cys) functionalized silver nanoparticles (GO-L-cys-Ag) was synthesized by AgNO3, trisodium citrate, and NaBH4. GO-L-cys-Ag nanocomposite was characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra, ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) absorption spectra, which demonstrated that a diameter of L-cys-AgNPs compactly deposited on GO. Antibacterial activity tests of GO-L-cys-Ag nanocomposite were carried out using Escherichia coli MTCC 1687 and Staphylococcus aureus MTCC 3160 as model strains of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, respectively...
March 16, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254332/anti-bacterial-activity-of-graphene-oxide-as-a-new-weapon-nanomaterial-to-combat-multidrug-resistance-bacteria
#7
REVIEW
Mohammadreza Yousefi, Mehdi Dadashpour, Maryam Hejazi, Mohammad Hasanzadeh, Behzad Behnam, Miguel de la Guardia, Nasrin Shadjou, Ahad Mokhtarzadeh
Antibiotic resistance in microbial pathogens has become a serious health problem in the world. The increasing spread of hospital acquired infections especially in immunocompromised and cancer patients caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) microbial pathogens is restricting the choices for impressive antibiotic therapy. So many efforts have been made to develop new compounds with antimicrobial activity. In recent years, nanoparticles, particularly graphene oxide (GO) nanoparticles have found many applications in various fields, including antibacterial action, pathogens bio detection, cancer therapy, and drug and gene delivery...
May 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198615/antibacterial-activities-of-graphene-oxide-molybdenum-disulfide-nanocomposite-films
#8
Tae In Kim, Buki Kwon, Jonghee Yoon, Ick-Joon Park, Gyeong Sook Bang, YongKeun Park, Yeon-Soo Seo, Sung-Yool Choi
Two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials, such as graphene-based materials and transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) nanosheets, are promising materials for biomedical applications owing to their remarkable cytocompatibility and physicochemical properties. On the basis of their potent antibacterial properties, 2D materials have potential as antibacterial films, wherein the 2D nanosheets are immobilized on the surface and the bacteria may contact with the basal planes of 2D nanosheets dominantly rather than contact with the sharp edges of nanosheets...
February 27, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160653/monitoring-of-microbial-cell-viability-using-nanostructured-electrodes-modified-with-graphene-alumina-nanocomposite
#9
Rabeay Y A Hassan, Moataz M Mekawy, Pankaj Ramnani, Ashok Mulchandani
Microbial infections are rapidly increasing; however most of the existing microbiological and molecular detection methods are time consuming and/or cannot differentiate between the viable and dead cells which may overestimate the risk of infections. Therefore, a bioelectrochemical sensing platform with a high potential to the microbial-electrode interactions was designed based on decorated graphene oxide (GO) sheet with alumina (Al2O3) nanocrystals. GO-Al2O3 nanocomposite was synthesized using self-assembly of GO and Al2O3 and characterized using the scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), x-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman-spectroscopy, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and cyclic voltammetry (CV)...
May 15, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147710/preparation-of-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-decorated-carbon-nanotube-using-laser-ablation-in-liquid-and-their-antimicrobial-activity
#10
Khawla S Khashan, Ghassan M Sulaiman, Rafal Mahdi
The antimicrobial activity was investigated for iron oxide IO nanoparticles (NPs)-decorated carbon nanotubes CNT prepared successfully by Nd:YAG-pulsed laser ablation in the liquid process. TEM reveals the composite NP and exhibits semispherical of iron oxide NPs, which aggregate around rolled and unrolled graphene sheet. XRD pattern proved the presence of carbon and different phases of IO NPs. Then, the antibacterial activity of the NPs was examined against different bacteria using nutrient broth and nutrient agar methods, which was enhanced using IO...
February 1, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112908/enhanced-photothermal-bactericidal-activity-of-the-reduced-graphene-oxide-modified-by-cationic-water-soluble-conjugated-polymer
#11
Linhong Xiao, Jinhua Sun, Libing Liu, Rong Hu, Huan Lu, Chungui Cheng, Yong Huang, Shu Wang, Jianxin Geng
Surface modification of graphene is extremely important for applications. Here, we report a grafting-through method for grafting water-soluble polythiophenes onto reduced graphene oxide (RGO) sheets. As a result of tailoring of the side chains of the polythiophenes, the modified RGO sheets, that is, RGO-g-P3TOPA and RGO-g-P3TOPS, are positively and negatively charged, respectively. The grafted water-soluble polythiophenes provide the modified RGO sheets with good dispersibility in water and high photothermal conversion efficiencies (ca...
February 3, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063357/graphene-quantum-dots-with-nitrogen-doped-content-dependence-for-highly-efficient-dual-modality-photodynamic-antimicrobial-therapy-and-bioimaging
#12
Wen-Shuo Kuo, Hua-Han Chen, Shih-Yao Chen, Chia-Yuan Chang, Pei-Chi Chen, Yung-I Hou, Yu-Ting Shao, Hui-Fang Kao, Chih-Li Lilian Hsu, Yi-Chun Chen, Shean-Jen Chen, Shang-Rung Wu, Jiu-Yao Wang
Reactive oxygen species is the main contributor to photodynamic therapy. The results of this study show that a nitrogen-doped graphene quantum dot, serving as a photosensitizer, was capable of generating a higher amount of reactive oxygen species than a nitrogen-free graphene quantum dot in photodynamic therapy when photoexcited for only 3 min of 670 nm laser exposure (0.1 W cm(-2)), indicating highly improved antimicrobial effects. In addition, we found that higher nitrogen-bonding compositions of graphene quantum dots more efficiently performed photodynamic therapy actions than did the lower compositions that underwent identical treatments...
December 22, 2016: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054670/ultra-sensitive-detection-of-kanamycin-for-food-safety-using-a-reduced-graphene-oxide-based-fluorescent-aptasensor
#13
Na-Reum Ha, In-Pil Jung, Im-Joung La, Ho-Sup Jung, Moon-Young Yoon
Overuse of antibiotics has caused serious problems, such as appearance of super bacteria, whose accumulation in the human body through the food chain is a concern. Kanamycin is a common antibiotic used to treat diverse infections; however, residual kanamycin can cause many side effects in humans. Thus, development of an ultra-sensitive, precise, and simple detection system for residual kanamycin in food products is urgently needed for food safety. In this study, we identified kanamycin-binding aptamers via a new screening method, and truncated variants were analyzed for optimization of the minimal sequence required for target binding...
January 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054094/antibacterial-mechanisms-of-graphene-based-composite-nanomaterials
#14
REVIEW
Mauricio D Rojas-Andrade, Gustavo Chata, Dara Rouholiman, Junli Liu, Chad Saltikov, Shaowei Chen
Pathogenic bacteria are gaining resistance to conventional antibiotics at an alarming rate due to overuse and rapid transfer of resistance genes between bacterial populations. As bacterial resistance to antibiotics causes millions of fatalities worldwide, it is of urgent importance to develop a new class of antibiotic materials with both broad-spectrum bactericidal activity and suitable biocompatibility. Graphene derivatives are rapidly emerging as an extremely promising class of antimicrobial materials due to their diverse bactericidal mechanisms and relatively low cytotoxicity towards mammalian cells...
January 19, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039790/degradation-photocatalysis-of-tetrodotoxin-as-a-poison-by-gold-doped-pdo-nanoparticles-supported-on-reduced-graphene-oxide-nanocomposites-and-evaluation-of-its-antibacterial-activity
#15
Ali Fakhri, Mahsa Naji
In this project, synthesis of pure and gold doped PdO-reduced graphene oxide nanocomposites by sonochemical and deposition-precipitation process was performed and characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electronic microscopy (TEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Raman spectroscopy. The specific surface area of synthesized un-doped and Au doped PdO-RGO nanocomposites is 83.2, 109.1m(2)g(-1) and total pore volume is 0.31, 0.40cm(3)g(-1), respectively. With Tetrodotoxin as a target pollutant, photocatalytic system of UV+photocatalyst+H2O2 was set up...
February 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033744/influence-of-sio2-and-graphene-oxide-nanoparticles-on-efficiency-of-biological-removal-process
#16
Seyyed Hamid Esmaeili-Faraj, Mohsen Nasr Esfahany
The effects of the presence of synthesized silica (SS) and exfoliated graphene oxide (EGO) on the removal of sulfide ion with activated sludge (AS) are experimentally investigated. The maximum removal efficiency of sulfide ion for AS without nanoparticles, and the samples with SS and EGO nanoparticles were 81%, 88% and 79%, respectively. Moreover, the maximum elimination capacity (ECmax) for the bioreactor with SS-nanoparticles is 7542 mg/L s, while the ECmax of AS and EGO samples were 7075 and 6625 mg/L s, respectively...
January 19, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027944/antibiofilm-efficacy-of-green-synthesized-graphene-oxide-silver-nanocomposite-using-lagerstroemia-speciosa-floral-extract-a-comparative-study-on-inhibition-of-gram-positive-and-gram-negative-biofilms
#17
Shatavari Kulshrestha, Shariq Qayyum, Asad U Khan
Biofilm architecture provides bacteria with enhanced antibiotic resistance, thus raising the need to search for alternative therapies that can inhibit the bacterial colonization. In the present study, we synthesized graphene oxide-silver nanocomposite (GO-Ag) by non-toxic and eco-friendly route using a floral extract of Legistromia speciosa (L.) Pers. The gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis of plant extract revealed the presence of compounds which can simultaneously act as reducing and capping agents...
February 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025561/synthesis-characterization-and-bactericidal-evaluation-of-chitosan-guanidine-functionalized-graphene-oxide-composites
#18
Ping Li, Yangyang Gao, Zijia Sun, Dan Chang, Ge Gao, Alideertu Dong
In response to the wide spread of microbial contamination induced by bacterial pathogens, the development of novel materials with excellent antibacterial activity is of great interest. In this study, novel antibacterial chitosan (CS) and polyhexamethylene guanidine hydrochloride (PHGC) dual-polymer-functionalized graphene oxide (GO) (GO-CS-PHGC) composites were designed and easily fabricated. The as-prepared materials were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectrometer (XPS), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and Raman spectroscopy...
December 23, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024366/identification-and-optimization-of-carbon-radicals-on-hydrated-graphene-oxide-for-ubiquitous-antibacterial-coatings
#19
Ruibin Li, Nikhita D Mansukhani, Linda M Guiney, Zhaoxia Ji, Yichao Zhao, Chong Hyun Chang, Christopher T French, Jeff F Miller, Mark C Hersam, Andre E Nel, Tian Xia
While the antibacterial properties of graphene oxide (GO) have been demonstrated across a spectrum of bacteria, the critical role of functional groups is unclear. To address this important issue, we utilized reduction and hydration methods to establish a GO library with different oxidation, hydroxyl, and carbon radical (•C) levels that can be used to study the impact on antibacterial activity. Using antibiotic-resistant bacteria as a test platform, we found that the •C density is most proximately associated with bacterial killing...
December 27, 2016: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012417/synthesis-and-characterization-of-mns2-reduced-graphene-oxide-nanohybrids-for-with-photocatalytic-and-antibacterial-activity
#20
Ali Fakhri, Delaram Salehpour Kahi
A facile one-step hydrothermal route was developed here to prepare MnS2/reduced graphene oxide nanohybrids. The crystal morphologies could be controlled by adjusting the solvent, surfactant, and pH of the precursor solution. X-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), UV-Vis absorption spectra, and photoluminescence spectra (PL), were used to characterize the structures of the samples were used to characterize the structures of the samples, and the specific surface area was determined using the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) method...
January 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
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