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Graphene apoptosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327917/peptide-based-photoelectrochemical-cytosensor-using-a-hollow-tio2-eg-znin2s4-co-sensitized-structure-for-ultrasensitive-detection-of-early-apoptotic-cells-and-drug-evaluation
#1
Rong Wu, Gao-Chao Fan, Li-Ping Jiang, Jun-Jie Zhu
The ability to rapidly detect apoptotic cells and accurately evaluate therapeutic effects is significant in cancer research. To address this target, a biocompatible, ultrasensitive photoelectrochemical (PEC) cytosensing platform was developed based on electrochemically reduced graphene (EG)/ZnIn2S4 co-sensitized TiO2 coupled with specific recognition between apoptotic cells and phosphatidylserine (PS)-binding peptide (PSBP). In this strategy, HL-60 cells were selected as a model, and C005, nilotinib and imatinib were selected as apoptosis inducers to show cytosensing performance...
January 12, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205852/glycyrrhetinic-acid-functionalized-graphene-oxide-for-mitochondria-targeting-and-cancer-treatment-in-vivo
#2
Chao Zhang, Zunfeng Liu, Ying Zheng, Yadi Geng, Chao Han, Yamin Shi, Hongbin Sun, Can Zhang, Yijun Chen, Luyong Zhang, Qinglong Guo, Lei Yang, Xiang Zhou, Lingyi Kong
Mitochondria-mediated apoptosis (MMA) is a preferential option for cancer therapy due to the presence of cell-suicide factors in mitochondria, however, low permeability of mitochondria is a bottleneck for targeting drug delivery. In this paper, glycyrrhetinic acid (GA), a natural product from Glycyrrhiza glabra, is found to be a novel mitochondria targeting ligand, which can improve mitochondrial permeability and enhance the drug uptake of mitochondria. GA-functionalized graphene oxide (GO) is prepared and used as an effective carrier for targeted delivery of doxorubicin into mitochondria...
December 4, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188239/a-graphene-oxide-nanosensor-enables-the-co-delivery-of-aptamer-and-peptide-probes-for-fluorescence-imaging-of-a-cascade-reaction-in-apoptotic-signaling
#3
Chang Liu, Yan-Lei Hu, Wen-Jing Deng, Qing-Shan Pan, Jin-Tao Yi, Ting-Ting Chen, Xia Chu
Cytochrome c (Cyt c) and caspase-3 are the key mediators in apoptotic signaling. As is known to all, the release of Cyt c from mitochondria is a vital caspase activation pathway and defines the point of no-return in cell apoptosis. However, it has not been reported that any fluorescence imaging tools could allow simultaneous visualization of Cyt c translocation and caspase-3 activation in apoptotic cells. Here, we develop a sensitive nanosensor that holds the capability of imaging of the released Cyt c from the mitochondria and a caspase-3 activation cascade reaction in apoptotic signaling...
November 30, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170110/association-of-anti-her2-antibody-with-graphene-oxide-for-curative-treatment-of-osteosarcoma
#4
Lan Li, Chengke Luo, Zhenwei Song, Eduardo Reyes-Vargas, Fred Clayton, Jufang Huang, Peter Jensen, Xinjian Chen
The finding of HER2 overexpression in osteosarcoma (OS) makes HER2 a potential therapeutic target. However, studies indicate OS cells are nonresponsive to anti-HER2 antibody trastuzumab (TRA) therapy. We established stable, non-covalent association of TRA with nanomaterial graphene oxide (GO) to generated multivalent TRA/GO complexes that demonstrated markedly enhanced HER2-binding activity and capacity to rapidly kill OS cells. TRA/GO simultaneously induced oxidative stress and HER2 signaling in the target cells, leading to rapid depletion of the cellular inhibitors of apoptosis protein (cIAP) and caspase 8, formation of RIP1/RIPK3/MLKL necroptosome and necroptosis of the OS cells...
November 20, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160836/an-in-vitro-study-of-the-photodynamic-effectiveness-of-go-ag-nanocomposites-against-human-breast-cancer-cells
#5
Fozia Shaheen, Muhammad Hammad Aziz, Muhammad Fakhar-E-Alam, Muhammad Atif, Mahvish Fatima, Riaz Ahmad, Atif Hanif, Saqib Anwar, Fatima Zafar, Ghazanfar Abbas, Syed Mansoor Ali, Mukhtar Ahmed
Graphene-based materials have garnered significant attention because of their versatile bioapplications and extraordinary properties. Graphene oxide (GO) is an extremely oxidized form of graphene accompanied by the functional groups of oxygen on its surface. GO is an outstanding platform on which to pacify silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs), which gives rise to the graphene oxide-silver nanoparticle (GO-Ag) nanocomposite. In this experimental study, the toxicity of graphene oxide-silver (GO-Ag) nanocomposites was assessed in an in vitro human breast cancer model to optimize the parameters of photodynamic therapy...
November 21, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135959/intratumoral-delivery-of-doxorubicin-on-folate-conjugated-graphene-oxide-by-in-situ-forming-thermo-sensitive-hydrogel-for-breast-cancer-therapy
#6
Yi Teng Fong, Chih-Hao Chen, Jyh-Ping Chen
By taking advantage of the pH-sensitive drug release property of graphene oxide (GO) after intracellular uptake, we prepared folic acid (FA)-conjugated GO (GOFA) for targeted delivery of the chemotherapeutic drug doxorubicin (DOX). GOFA-DOX was further encapsulated in an injectable in-situ forming thermo-sensitive hyaluronic acid-chitosan-g-poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (HACPN) hydrogel for intratumoral delivery of DOX. As the degradation time of HACPN could be extended up to 3 weeks, intratumoral delivery of GOFA-DOX/HACPN could provide controlled and targeted delivery of DOX through slow degradation HACPN and subsequent cellular uptake of released GOFA-DOX by tumor cells through interactions of GOFA with folate receptors on the tumor cell's surface...
November 14, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096398/mitochondrial-specific-photodynamic-therapy-by-rare-earth-nanoparticles-mediated-near-infrared-graphene-quantum-dots
#7
Dandan Zhang, Liewei Wen, Ru Huang, Huanhuan Wang, Xianglong Hu, Da Xing
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been proposed in cancer treatment for decades, but its clinical translation is significantly impeded by the low yield of ROS, poor tissue penetration depth of most current photosensitizers, and short lifetime of ROS. These limitations directly affect the therapeutic effect of PDT in cancer therapy. Here we proposed a new strategy by collaboratively integrating rare-earth doped upconversion nanoparticles (UCNP) with graphene quantum dot (GQD) for highly efficacious PDT, based on the merits of UCNP, which can emit UV-vis light under near-infrared light (NIR) excitation, and GQD, which can produce (1)O2 efficiently...
October 23, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089229/enhancement-of-the-photokilling-effect-of-tio2-in-photodynamic-therapy-by-conjugating-with-reduced-graphene-oxide-and-its-mechanism-exploration
#8
Hongyuan Shang, Dong Han, Min Ma, Sha Li, Wenting Xue, Aiping Zhang
As a promising next-generation photodynamic therapy (PDT) photosensitizer, TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) has gained great attention due to its higher efficiency. Yet, its application in PDT is strongly limited by its UV light response range. In this work, TiO2 NPs conjugated with reduced graphene oxide (RGO-TiO2) composites were successfully prepared by hydrothermal reduction method. They were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), Transmission electron microscope (TEM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), UV-vis spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS)...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075115/novel-biomolecule-lycopene-reduced-graphene-oxide-silver-nanoparticle-enhances-apoptotic-potential-of-trichostatin-a-in-human-ovarian-cancer-cells-skov3
#9
Xi-Feng Zhang, Feng-Hua Huang, Guo-Liang Zhang, Ding-Ping Bai, De Felici Massimo, Yi-Fan Huang, Sangiliyandi Gurunathan
BACKGROUND: Recently, there has been much interest in the field of nanomedicine to improve prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. Combination therapy seems to be most effective when two different molecules that work by different mechanisms are combined at low dose, thereby decreasing the possibility of drug resistance and occurrence of unbearable side effects. Based on this consideration, the study was designed to investigate the combination effect of reduced graphene oxide-silver nanoparticles (rGO-AgNPs) and trichostatin A (TSA) in human ovarian cancer cells (SKOV3)...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064374/in-vitro-toxic-effects-of-reduced-graphene-oxide-nanosheets-on-lung-cancer-cells
#10
Tanveer Tabish, Zahid Pranjol, Hasan Hayat, Alma Rahat, Trefa Mohammed Abdullah, Jacqueline Whatmore, Shaowei Zhang
The intriguing properties of reduced graphene oxide (rGO) have paved the way for a number of potential biomedical applications such as drug delivery, tissue engineering, gene delivery and bio-sensing. Over the last decade, there have been escalating concerns regarding the possible toxic effects, behaviour and fate of rGO in living systems and environments. This paper reports on integrative chemical-biological interactions of rGO with lung cancer cells, i.e. A549 and SKMES-1, to determine its potential toxicological impacts on them, as a function of its concentration...
October 24, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018231/biochemical-mechanisms-of-dose-dependent-cytotoxicity-and-ros-mediated-apoptosis-induced-by-lead-sulfide-graphene-oxide-quantum-dots-for-potential-bioimaging-applications
#11
Mahdi Ayoubi, Parvaneh Naserzadeh, Mohammad Taghi Hashemi, Mohammad Reza Rostami, Elnaz Tamjid, Mohammad Mahdi Tavakoli, Abdolreza Simchi
Colloidal quantum dots (CQD) have attracted considerable attention for biomedical diagnosis and imaging as well as biochemical analysis and stem cell tracking. In this study, quasi core/shell lead sulfide/reduced graphene oxide CQD with near infrared emission (1100 nm) were prepared for potential bioimaging applications. The nanocrystals had an average diameter of ~4 nm, a hydrodynamic size of ~8 nm, and a high quantum efficiency of 28%. Toxicity assay of the hybrid CQD in the cultured human mononuclear blood cells does not show cytotoxicity up to 200 µg/ml...
October 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924347/the-mechanisms-of-graphene-based-materials-induced-programmed-cell-death-a-review-of-apoptosis-autophagy-and-programmed-necrosis
#12
REVIEW
Lingling Ou, Shaoqiang Lin, Bin Song, Jia Liu, Renfa Lai, Longquan Shao
Graphene-based materials (GBMs) are widely used in many fields, including biomedicine. To date, much attention had been paid to the potential unexpected toxic effects of GBMs. Here, we review the recent literature regarding the impact of GBMs on programmed cell death (PCD). Apoptosis, autophagy, and programmed necrosis are three major PCDs. Mechanistic studies demonstrated that the mitochondrial pathways and MAPKs (JNK, ERK, and p38)- and TGF-β-related signaling pathways are implicated in GBMs-induced apoptosis...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919753/combination-of-graphene-oxide-silver-nanoparticle-nanocomposites-and-cisplatin-enhances-apoptosis-and-autophagy-in-human-cervical-cancer-cells
#13
Yu-Guo Yuan, Sangiliyandi Gurunathan
BACKGROUND: Cisplatin (Cis) is a widely used chemotherapeutic drug for treating a variety of cancers, due to its ability to induce cell death in cancer cells significantly. Recently, graphene and its modified nanocomposites have gained much interest in cancer therapy, due to their unique physicochemical properties. The objective of this study was to investigate the combination effect of Cis and a reduced graphene oxide-silver nanoparticle nanocomposite (rGO-AgNPs) in human cervical cancer (HeLa) cells...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916996/successive-release-of-tissue-inhibitors-of-metalloproteinase-1-through-graphene-oxide-based-delivery-system-can-promote-skin-regeneration
#14
Cheng Zhong, Dike Shi, Yixiong Zheng, Peter J Nelson, Qi Bao
The purpose of this study was to testify the hypothesis that graphene oxide (GO) could act as an appropriate vehicle for the release of tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) protein in the context of skin repair. GO characteristics were observed by scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, and thermal gravimetric analysis. After TIMP-1 absorbing GO, the release profiles of various concentrations of TIMP-1 from GO were compared. GO biocompatibility with fibroblast viability was assessed by measuring cell cycle and apoptosis...
September 15, 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860751/quercetin-mediated-synthesis-of-graphene-oxide-silver-nanoparticle-nanocomposites-a-suitable-alternative-nanotherapy-for-neuroblastoma
#15
Yu-Guo Yuan, Yan-Hong Wang, Hui-Hui Xing, Sangiliyandi Gurunathan
BACKGROUND: Graphene and graphene-related materials have gained substantial interest from both academia and industry for the development of unique nanomaterials for biomedical applications. Graphene oxide (GO) and silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are a valuable platform for the development of nanocomposites, permitting the combination of nanomaterials with different physical and chemical properties to generate novel materials with improved and effective functionalities in a single platform...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814866/graphene-oxide-and-reduced-graphene-oxide-induced-neural-pheochromocytoma-derived-pc12-cell-lines-apoptosis-and-cell-cycle-alterations-via-the-erk-signaling-pathways
#16
Yiyuan Kang, Jia Liu, Junrong Wu, Qian Yin, Huimin Liang, Aijie Chen, Longquan Shao
Given the novel applications of graphene materials in biomedical and electronics industry, the health hazards of these particles have attracted extensive worldwide attention. Although many studies have been performed on graphene material-induced toxic effects, toxicological data for the effect of graphene materials on the nervous system are lacking. In this study, we focused on the biological effects of graphene oxide (GO) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) materials on PC12 cells, a type of traditional neural cell line...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810193/kinetics-and-mechanism-of-antibacterial-activity-and-cytotoxicity-of-ag-rgo-nanocomposite
#17
Marjan Moghayedi, Elaheh K Goharshadi, Kiarash Ghazvini, Hossein Ahmadzadeh, Laleh Ranjbaran, Raheleh Masoudi, Ralf Ludwig
Nowadays, nanomaterials with remarkable antibacterial activity and low cytotoxicity attract much interest in research. By considering the antibacterial activity of Ag and graphene oxide (GO), the Ag-RGO nanocomposite was prepared by a one-pot and facile technique and it was used to evaluate its antibacterial activity and cytotoxicity against Escherichia coli and glioblastoma cancer cells (U87MG), respectively. The antibacterial activity was studied by micro-dilution and colony counting methods to investigate cell viability...
August 4, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782357/beyond-a-carrier-graphene-quantum-dots-as-a-probe-for-programmatically-monitoring-anti-cancer-drug-delivery-release-and-response
#18
Hui Ding, Fan Zhang, Chaochao Zhao, Yanlin Lv, Guanghui Ma, Wei Wei, Zhiyuan Tian
On the basis of the unique physicochemical properties of graphene quantum dots (GQDs), we developed a novel type of theranostic agent by loading anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) to GQD's surface and conjugating Cy5.5 (Cy) dye to GQD though a cathepsin D-responsive (P) peptide. Such type of agents demonstrated superior therapeutic performance both in vitro and in vivo because of the improved tissue penetration and cellular uptake. More importantly, they are capable of functioning as probes for programmed tracking the delivery and release of anticancer drug as well as drug-induced cancer cell apoptosis through GQD's, DOX's, and Cy's charateristic fluorescence, respectively...
August 9, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662392/mc3t3-e1-pre-osteoblast-response-and-differentiation-after-graphene-oxide-nanosheet-uptake
#19
Mónica Cicuéndez, Virgília S Silva, María J Hortigüela, M Concepción Matesanz, Mercedes Vila, M Teresa Portolés
Nano-graphene oxide (GO) and its functionalized derivatives have aroused a great interest for drug delivery, tissue engineering and photothermal cancer therapy, but their biocompatibility has not yet been fully assessed. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the proliferation and differentiation of MC3T3-E1 pre-osteoblasts after the uptake of GO nanosheets (c.a. 400nm), functionalized with poly(ethylene glycol-amine) (PEG) and labelled with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC). Significant proliferation decrease and apoptosis increase were observed 3days after incorporation of FITC-PEG-GO by MC3T3-E1 cells...
October 1, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652728/ti-go-ag-nanocomposite-the-effect-of-content-level-on-the-antimicrobial-activity-and-cytotoxicity
#20
Jianfeng Jin, Li Zhang, Mengqi Shi, Yumei Zhang, Qintao Wang
Surface modification of titanium (Ti) implants are extensively studied in order to obtain prominent biocompatibility and antimicrobial activity, especially preventing implant-associated infection. In this study, Ti substrates surface were modified by graphene oxide (GO) thin film and silver (Ag) nanoparticles via electroplating and ultraviolet reduction methods so as to achieve this purpose. Microstructures, distribution, quantities and spectral peaks of GO and Ag loading on the Ti sheets surface were characterized...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
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