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Hiro Takahashi, Satoshi Tanaka, Shuhei Hayashi, Shido Miyaki, Anna Takahashi, Shinnosuke Onai, Shuichi Fukuyoshi, Hitoshi Miyasaka
Trebouxiophyceae sp. KSI-1 is a green alga isolated from a seashore hot spring on Satsuma Iōjima in Kagoshima, Japan, and is highly tolerant to oxidative stress. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of this strain, thereby providing an insight into the genetic basis for its oxidative stress tolerance.
October 2018: Microbiology resource announcements
Mee Yeon Won, Sea Cheol Min
Grapefruit seed extract (GSE)-incorporated carnauba wax (CW) coating was developed to preserve Satsuma mandarins ( Citrus unshiu Marc.). GSE (1.00%, w/w)-incorporated CW (GSE-CW) coating emulsions and GSE (0.50%)-oregano oil (OO, 0.50%)-incorporated CW (GSE-OO-CW) coating emulsions reduced Penicillium italicum disease incidence (%) on mandarin surfaces by 23.6 ± 3.6 and 25.0 ± 5.0%, respectively, relative to that on uncoated mandarin samples (100%). GSE (1.00%)-CW coating emulsions exhibited a higher colloidal stability than GSE (0...
December 2018: Food Science and Biotechnology
Chung-Chi Hwang, Shu-Ping Wu
Two new sinistral species of the genus Satsuma A. Adams, 1868, Satsumasquamigera sp. n. and Satsumaadiriensis sp. n. , from southern Taiwan are described. Satsumasquamigera sp. n. is characterized by a microsculpture comprising coarse, irregularly-spaced ridges and dense, easily-dislodged triangular scales on its sinistral shell, an angulated periphery, and partly-opened umbilicus. This species inhabits secondary forests in lowland hills. Satsumaadiriensis sp. n. is characterized by a thin, fragile smooth shell with microsculpture of coarse, loose ridges, a rounded periphery, completely-opened umbilicus, and elongated penial verge formed by two main pilasters...
2018: ZooKeys
Yuta Yamamoto, Mizuki Hattori, Junya Ohyama, Atsushi Satsuma, Nobuo Tanaka, Shunsuke Muto
In this article, we demonstrate that a convolutional neural network (CNN) can be effectively used to determine the presence of twins in the atomic resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) images of catalytic Au nanoparticles. In particular, the CNN screening of Hough transformed images resulted in significantly higher accuracy rates as compared to those obtained by applying this technique to the raw STEM images. The proposed method can be utilized for evaluating the statistical twining fraction of Au nanoparticles that strongly affects their catalytic activity...
August 15, 2018: Microscopy
Atsushi Imai, Takeshi Kuniga, Terutaka Yoshioka, Keisuke Nonaka, Nobuhito Mitani, Hiroshi Fukamachi, Naofumi Hiehata, Masashi Yamamoto, Takeshi Hayashi
In the breeding of citrus (Citrus spp.), suitable fruit quality is essential for consumer acceptance of new cultivars. To identify parental combinations producing F1 progeny with fruit-quality traits exceeding certain selection criteria, we developed a simple and practical method for predicting multiple-trait segregation in an F1 progeny population. This method uses breeding values of parental genotypes and an additive genetic (co)variance matrix calculated by the best linear unbiased prediction method to construct a model for trait segregation in F1 progeny...
2018: PloS One
Takehiko Shimada, Tomoko Endo, Hiroshi Fujii, Michiharu Nakano, Aiko Sugiyama, Genya Daido, Satoshi Ohta, Terutaka Yoshioka, Mitsuo Omura
BACKGROUND: Somatic embryogenesis in nucellar tissues is widely recognized to induce polyembryony in major citrus varieties such as sweet oranges, satsuma mandarins and lemons. This capability for apomixis is attractive in agricultural production systems using hybrid seeds, and many studies have been performed to elucidate the molecular mechanisms of various types of apomixis. To identify the gene responsible for somatic embryogenesis in citrus, a custom oligo-DNA microarray including predicted genes in the citrus polyembryonic locus was used to compare the expression profiles in reproductive tissues between monoembryonic and polyembryonic varieties...
August 13, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
Shingo Goto, Terutaka Yoshioka, Satoshi Ohta, Masayuki Kita, Hiroko Hamada, Tokurou Shimizu
Seedlessness is one of the important traits in citrus breeding. Male sterility derived from Satsuma mandarin (Citrus unshiu) has been used in Japanese citrus breeding programs to obtain seedless cultivars. The efficiency of seedless cultivar breeding would be improved by developing a selection marker linked to seedlessness. In this study, we performed QTL mapping in 'Okitsu No. 46' × 'Okitsu No. 56' (O46-O56) crosses for the number of pollen grains per anther (NPG) and apparent pollen fertility (APF), two traits used as an index of male sterility, and detected a candidate QTL for NPG (MS-P1) on linkage group 8 with a significant LOD score (7...
2018: PloS One
Lei Liu, Bo Tian, Yu-Qiang Yuan, Zhong Du
In this paper, we investigate the coupled Sasa-Satsuma equations, which describe the simultaneous propagation of two ultrashort pulses in the birefringent or two-mode fiber with the third-order dispersion, self-steepening, and stimulated Raman scattering effects. Darboux-dressing transformation is applied to obtain the dark-bright soliton and semirational rogue-wave solutions. Dark-bright one solitons with the single-hump, double-hump, and even breather-like structures are presented. Interactions between the double-peak breather and different kinds of dark-bright solitons are studied...
May 2018: Physical Review. E
U Bandelow, A Ankiewicz, Sh Amiranashvili, N Akhmediev
We present the infinite hierarchy of Sasa-Satsuma evolution equations. The corresponding Lax pairs are given, thus proving its integrability. The lowest order member of this hierarchy is the nonlinear Schrödinger equation, while the next one is the Sasa-Satsuma equation that includes third-order terms. Up to sixth-order terms of the hierarchy are given in explicit form, while the provided recurrence relation allows one to explicitly write all higher-order terms. The whole hierarchy can be combined into a single general equation...
May 2018: Chaos
Ryosuke Hirabayashi, Daichi Fujimoto, Yukari Satsuma, Masaki Hirabatake, Keisuke Tomii
Osimertinib is a standard second-line therapy for patients who develop EGFR Thr790Met resistance mutation after treatment with first-line epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Although no other effective targeted treatment option exists for these patients, osimertinib might be permanently discontinued owing to the onset of severe drug-induced toxicities like hepatotoxicity. Herein, we report a case of successful oral desensitization with osimertinib after the patient developed osimertinib-induced fever and hepatotoxicity...
October 2018: Investigational New Drugs
Yuji Mahara, Junya Ohyama, Kyoichi Sawabe, Atsushi Satsuma
Supported bimetallic catalysts have been studied because of their enhanced catalytic properties due to metal-metal interactions compared with monometallic catalysts. We focused on galvanic deposition (GD) as a bimetallization method, which achieves well-defined metal-metal interfaces by exchanging heterogeneous metals with different ionisation tendencies. We have developed Ni@Ag/SiO2 catalysts for CO oxidation, Co@Ru/Al2 O3 catalysts for automotive three-way reactions and Pd-Co/Al2 O3 catalysts for methane combustion by using the GD method...
September 2018: Chemical Record: An Official Publication of the Chemical Society of Japan ... [et Al.]
Jinlong Wu, Wenjun Deng, Dingbo Lin, Xiuxin Deng, Zhaocheng Ma
The inherent allergens of citrus fruits, such as Cit s 1, Cit s 2, Cit s 3 can cause allergic reactions. A better understanding of the genetic factors (cultivar to cultivar) affecting the allergenic potential of citrus fruits would be beneficial for further identification of hypoallergenic genotypes. In the present study, an immunoblotting quantification approach was adopted to assess the potential allergenicity of 21 citrus cultivars, including nine subgroups (tangerine, satsuma, orange, pummelo, grapefruit, lemon, kumquat, tangor, and tangelo)...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Mirtha Navarro, Ileana Moreira, Elizabeth Arnaez, Silvia Quesada, Gabriela Azofeifa, Felipe Vargas, Diego Alvarado, Pei Chen
The phenolic composition of skin and flesh from Malus domestica apples (Anna cultivar) and Prunus domestica plums (satsuma cultivar) commercial cultivars in Costa Rica, was studied using Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography coupled with High Resolution Mass Spectrometry (UPLC-DAD-ESI-MS) on enriched-phenolic extracts, with particular emphasis in proanthocyanidin and flavonoids characterization. A total of 52 compounds were identified, including 21 proanthocyanidins ([(+)-catechin and (-)-epicatechin]) flavan-3-ols monomers, five procyanidin B-type dimers and two procyanidin A-type dimers, five procyanidin B-type trimers and two procyanidin A-type trimers, as well as one procyanidin B-type tetramer, two procyanidin B-type pentamers, and two flavan-3-ol gallates); 15 flavonoids (kaempferol, quercetin and naringenin derivatives); nine phenolic acids (protochatechuic, caffeoylquinic, and hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives); five hydroxychalcones (phloretin and 3-hydroxyphloretin derivatives); and two isoprenoid glycosides (vomifoliol derivatives)...
January 30, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
Farzaneh Alizadeh Kafeshani, Ali Rajabpour, Sirous Aghajanzadeh, Esmaeil Gholamian, Mohammad Farkhari
Aphis spiraecola Patch, Aphis gossypii Glover, and Toxoptera aurantii Boyer de Fonscolombe are three important aphid pests of citrus orchards. In this study, spatial distributions of the aphids on two orange species, Satsuma mandarin and Thomson navel, were evaluated using Taylor's power law and Iwao's patchiness. In addition, a fixed-precision sequential sampling plant was developed for each species on the host plant by Green's model at precision levels of 0.25 and 0.1. The results revealed that spatial distribution parameters and therefore the sampling plan were significantly different according to aphid and host plant species...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
Mari Maeda-Yamamoto, Toshio Ohtani
In April 2015, Consumer Affairs Agency of Japan launched a new food labeling system known as "Foods with Function Claims (FFC)." Under this system, the food industry independently evaluates scientific evidence on foods and describes their functional properties. As of May 23, 2017, 1023 FFC containing 8 fresh foods have been launched. Meanwhile, to clarify the health-promoting effects of agricultural products, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization (NARO) implemented the "Research Project on Development of Agricultural Products" and demonstrated the risk reduction of osteoporosis of β-cryptoxanthin rich Satsuma mandarins and the anti-allergic effect of the O-methylated catechin rich tea cultivar Benifuuki...
April 2018: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Anjana Adhikari-Devkota, Sara Mustafa Idris Elbashir, Takashi Watanabe, Hari Prasad Devkota
Flowers of Citrus plants are used as mild sedatives and for the treatment of insomnia in traditional medicines. In Japan, tea made from the flowers of Satsuma mandarin is consumed as healthy drink. Hesperidin (1), hesperetin (2), rutin (3), quercetin (4), nicotiflorin (5), eriocitrin (6), narirutin (7), phenylethyl glucoside (8) and unshuoside A (9) were isolated from the MeOH extract of fresh flowers. Structure elucidation of these compounds was performed on the basis of NMR spectroscopic data. Among them, rutin (3), quercetin (4) and eriocitrin (6) showed potent free radical scavenging activity, whereas hesperetin (2) and quercetin (4) showed potent α-glucosidase inhibitory activity...
January 15, 2018: Natural Product Research
Tokurou Shimizu, Yasuhiro Tanizawa, Takako Mochizuki, Hideki Nagasaki, Terutaka Yoshioka, Atsushi Toyoda, Asao Fujiyama, Eli Kaminuma, Yasukazu Nakamura
Satsuma ( Citrus unshiu Marc.) is one of the most abundantly produced mandarin varieties of citrus, known for its seedless fruit production and as a breeding parent of citrus. De novo assembly of the heterozygous diploid genome of Satsuma ("Miyagawa Wase") was conducted by a hybrid assembly approach using short-read sequences, three mate-pair libraries, and a long-read sequence of PacBio by the PLATANUS assembler. The assembled sequence, with a total size of 359.7 Mb at the N50 length of 386,404 bp, consisted of 20,876 scaffolds...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
Hiroyuki Asakura, Saburo Hosokawa, Toshiaki Ina, Kazuo Kato, Kiyofumi Nitta, Kei Uera, Tomoya Uruga, Hiroki Miura, Tetsuya Shishido, Junya Ohyama, Atsushi Satsuma, Katsutoshi Sato, Akira Yamamoto, Satoshi Hinokuma, Hiroshi Yoshida, Masato Machida, Seiji Yamazoe, Tatsuya Tsukuda, Kentaro Teramura, Tsunehiro Tanaka
The dynamic behavior of Rh species in 1 wt% Rh/Al2 O3 catalyst during the three-way catalytic reaction was examined using a micro gas chromatograph, a NOx meter, a quadrupole mass spectrometer, and time-resolved quick X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) measurements at a public beamline for XAS, BL01B1 at SPring-8, operando. The combined data suggest different surface rearrangement behavior, random reduction processes, and autocatalytic oxidation processes of Rh species when the gas is switched from a reductive to an oxidative atmosphere and vice versa...
January 10, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Tomoko Endo, Takehiko Shimada, Yumi Nakata, Hiroshi Fujii, Hikaru Matsumoto, Naoko Nakajima, Yoshinori Ikoma, Mitsuo Omura
After a long juvenile period, citrus trees undergo seasonal flowering cycles. Under natural conditions, citrus flowering is regulated mainly by low ambient temperatures around 15-20 °C and water deficit stress. Recent studies have revealed that fluctuations in the expression of citrus homologs of FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT, encoding a flowering integrator) are correlated with their presumed role as flower-promoting signals. Previous ectopic expression analyses have demonstrated the flower-promoting function of citrus FT homologs...
May 1, 2018: Tree Physiology
Xiao-Peng Lu, Fei-Fei Li, Jiang Xiong, Xiong-Jun Cao, Xiao-Chuan Ma, Zi-Mu Zhang, Shang-Yin Cao, Shen-Xi Xie
Roughing disorder (RD) is a significant quality barrier in citrus fruit, prevalent on easy-peeling mandarins. As RD is not yet well-understood, this study aimed to examine the changes and synergic molecular processes involved in peel RD. Peel with RD was induced by severely defruiting Satsuma mandarin trees. Morphology observations, RNA-sequencing, and targeted and untargeted metabolic analyses were conducted. The results showed that the primary metabolites of sugars, organic acids and amino acids are dramatically changed in RD peel...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
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