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Social interaction. Pain

Binghai Sun, Lingyan Zhou, Weilong Xiao, Xiaoqian Zhao, Wenhai Zhang, Weijian Li
Background: Perceived empathy is a commonly used strategy to cope with pain and is crucial for maintaining intimacy in dyadic relationships. Materials and methods: This study used the cold pressor test to investigate how perceived empathy and relationship type interact with the subjective perception of pain and objective measures of recovery time, using heart rate as an index. One hundred and ninety participants were recruited, including 49 friend dyads and 46 romantic partner dyads...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Deise Oliveira Costa, Fabíola Azevedo Araújo, Aline Silva Gomes Xavier, Lorena Dos Santos Araújo, Ueigla Batista da Silva, Eliene Almeida Santos, Silvia Lúcia Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: To identify self-care demands of men with sickle cell disease and priapism and describe self-care measures in light of Orem's Self-Care Theory. METHOD: This is a descriptive exploratory study with qualitative approach conducted with nine men with a history of sickle cell disease and priapism. Data were analyzed using Orem's Self-Care Theory. RESULTS: Some demands were identified: from universal self-care - difficulty in social interaction and solitude, changes in self-image, self-esteem and sexual activity; from development - the experience with priapism and little knowledge about the pathophysiology of the disease; regarding health deviations - pain crises...
September 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Chaona Chen, Carlos Crivelli, Oliver G B Garrod, Philippe G Schyns, José-Miguel Fernández-Dols, Rachael E Jack
Real-world studies show that the facial expressions produced during pain and orgasm-two different and intense affective experiences-are virtually indistinguishable. However, this finding is counterintuitive, because facial expressions are widely considered to be a powerful tool for social interaction. Consequently, debate continues as to whether the facial expressions of these extreme positive and negative affective states serve a communicative function. Here, we address this debate from a novel angle by modeling the mental representations of dynamic facial expressions of pain and orgasm in 40 observers in each of two cultures (Western, East Asian) using a data-driven method...
October 8, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Deanna R Befus, Megan Bennett Irby, Remy R Coeytaux, Donald B Penzien
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite recognition of rising prevalence and significant burden, migraine remains underestimated, underdiagnosed, and undertreated. This is especially true among groups who have been historically, socially, and economically marginalized such as communities of color, women, people experiencing poverty, people with lower levels of education, and people who hold more than one of these marginalized identities. While there is growing public and professional interest in disparities in migraine prevalence, there is a paucity of research focusing on racial/ethnic and socioeconomic disparities, and the social and structural determinants of health and equity that perpetuate these disparities...
October 5, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Ginevra Fiori, Tessa Marzi, Francesca Bartoli, Cosimo Bruni, Carlo Ciceroni, Michela Palomba, Michela Zolferino, Elena Corsi, Marcello Galimberti, Alberto Moggi Pignone, Maria Pia Viggiano, Serena Guiducci, Monica Calamai, Marco Matucci-Cerinic
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of animal-assisted intervention (AAI), a complementary support to traditional therapies focused on the interaction between animals and human beings, in improving psychological trait, anxiety and pain in a cohort of systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients. METHODS: 42 SSc patients, undergoing iloprost intravenous infusion, were divided in three groups: 1) 14 patients submitted to 20 AAI sessions; 2) 14 patients engaged in alternative social activity (control group 1 - C1); and 3) 14 patients without any alternative activity (control group 2 - C2)...
July 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Emily Eyles, David Manley, Kelvyn Jones
Health inequalities continue to grow despite continuous policy intervention. Work, one domain of health inequalities, is often included as a component of social class rather than as a determinant in its own right. Many social class classifications are derived from occupation types, but there are other components within them that mean they may not be useful as proxies for occupation. This paper develops the exposome, a life-course exposure model developed by Wild (2005), into the worksome, allowing for the explicit consideration of both physical and psychosocial exposures and effects derived from work and working conditions...
September 15, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Shannon Ang, Tuo-Yu Chen
Objectives: Maintaining offline social participation (i.e. face-to-face social interaction) is key for healthy aging, but older adults who experience pain tend to restrict their social activity outside of the home. The onset of pain may set off a downward spiral where lowered social participation increases the risk of depression and vice versa. This study thus assesses whether online social participation (i.e., the use of online social network sites) moderates the effect of pain on depression, possibly functioning as a compensatory mechanism for reduced offline social participation for those in pain...
September 27, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Liz Graham, Robert Cicero, David Clarke, Bonnie Cundill, Alison Ellwood, Amanda Farrin, Jill Fisher, Madeline Goodwin, Rebecca Hawkins, Karen Hull, Claire Hulme, Dominic Trépel, Rachel Williams, Anne Forster
BACKGROUND: Residents of care homes have high levels of disability and poor mobility, but the promotion of health and wellbeing within care homes is poorly realised. Residents spend the majority of their time sedentary which leads to increased dependency and, coupled with poor postural management, can have many adverse outcomes including pressure sores, pain and reduced social interaction. The intervention being tested in this project (the Skilful Care Training Package) aims to increase the awareness and skills of care staff in relation to poor posture in the older, less mobile adult and highlight the benefits of activity, and how to skilfully assist activity, in this group to enable mobility and reduce falls risk...
September 24, 2018: Trials
A Kagee, B Coetzee, S Du Toit, M E Loades
PURPOSE: Minimal research has been conducted to understand how fatigue influences quality of life (QOL) among adolescents living with HIV. The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between fatigue, sleep disturbance, depression, anxiety, pain and QOL among adolescents receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART). METHODS: Using a cross-sectional survey design, we studied 134 South African adolescents receiving an ART at community clinics. RESULTS: Participants in general reported low levels of fatigue, insomnia, distress and pain and non-problematic levels of QOL...
September 22, 2018: Quality of Life Research
David Borsook, Andrew M Youssef, Laura Simons, Igor Elman, Christopher Eccleston
It is well recognized that, despite similar pain characteristics, some people with chronic pain recover, whereas others do not. In this review, we discuss possible contributions and interactions of biological, social, and psychological perturbations that underlie the evolution of treatment-resistant chronic pain. Behavior and brain are intimately implicated in the production and maintenance of perception. Our understandings of potential mechanisms that produce or exacerbate persistent pain remain relatively unclear...
September 17, 2018: Pain
Marek S Kopacz, Donna Ames, Harold G Koenig
Background: Trust represents a complex emotion and interpersonal concept which assumes abandoning control over a given situation or set of circumstances, in turn yielding such control to another party. Advances in our knowledge of post-traumatic stress disorder and moral injury have underscored the need to more closely examine how trust stands to impact health outcomes in these disorders. The aim of the present study is to examine and identify relationships linking general trust with select health outcomes in a mixed sample of Veterans and Service members with a self-reported history of deployment to a combat theater and PTSD symptomatology...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Jian-Qiao Fang
Along with advances in pain medicine, people have a deep understanding about pain. It is now considered that pain is a complex activity of the nerve system, particularly the high nerve centers, and is composed of sensory, affective, cognitive, and social interaction. By the help of new techniques and instruments of brain science, the neural circuits involved in pain generation have been understood intensively, partially explaining why pain is composed of multiple components and how the sensation, emotion and cognition of pain are influenced each other...
August 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Sara Rubin, Nancy Burke, Meredith Van Natta, Irene Yen, Janet K Shim
The subjective nature of pain has always rendered it a point of entry for power and corresponding stratifying processes within biomedicine. The opioid crisis has further exacerbated these challenges by increasing the stakes of prescribing decisions for providers, which in turn has resulted in greater treatment disparities. Using the theoretical frame of cultural health capital (CHC) to account for these disparities in pain management as they unfold at both the macro- and the microlevel, we present findings from an interdisciplinary study of two complex care management programs in urban safety-net hospitals that serve high-utilizing patients...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Caterina Ambrosi, Charles Zaiontz, Giuseppe Peragine, Simona Sarchi, Francesca Bona
AIM: The aim of this study was to verify dog-assisted therapy's effectiveness on depression and anxiety in institutionalized elderly. Patients' illness perception was examined to identify core beliefs regarding mood, personal control, and illness coherence because they can affect treatment compliance. Subjective perception of pain, social interaction, and setting-bound observable variables were also studied. METHODS: This study involved a randomized sample of institutionalized patients 65 years of age and older; the treatment group had 17 subjects and the control group had 14 subjects...
September 16, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
Sylvia Jaworska, Kath Ryan
Drawing on the notion of gender as a socially constructed category performed inter alia through language, this study examines the ways in which women and man use language to do person-in-pain in real-life interactions about chronic and terminal illness. It is based on a secondary analysis of a large corpus of health and illness narratives collected by the Health Experiences Research Group at the University of Oxford and published by the DIPEx charity. Sixteen chronic and terminal conditions were identified in which men and women talked about physical pain and their narratives examined using the linguistic approach of a corpus-assisted discourse analysis...
September 8, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Sarah Bieligmeyer, E Helmert, Martin Hautzinger, Jan Vagedes
OBJECTIVES: So far, the effects of vibroacoustic music therapy in cancer patients are unknown. However, used in anthroposophic medicine, it could be an approach to enhance well-being. The goal of this study was to evaluate the immediate effects of a sound-bed music intervention with respect to the subjective well-being as well as body warmth and pain. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We treated 48 cancer patients with 10 min of sound-bed intervention in a cross-over design...
October 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
A Hållstam, B M Stålnacke, C Svensén, M Löfgren
OBJECTIVES: The study sought to examine women's experience of painful endometriosis including long-term aspects, social consequences, impact of treatment and development of own coping strategies. STUDY DESIGN: This qualitative study was based on 16 individual interviews analyzed according to grounded theory. The thirteen women (age 24-48) were recruited at a pain clinic in Stockholm, Sweden. RESULTS: A theory illustrating women's experience of living with painful endometriosis was developed with three categories and one core category...
October 2018: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
Muhammad Anees, Shazia Batool, Marium Imtiaz, Muhammad Ibrahim
Objective: Many factors affect quality of life (QOL) of dialysis patients. This study was conducted to determine the effect of socio-economic factors effecting QOL of hemodialysis patients. Methods: This descriptive multi-centric, follow up study was conducted at Department of Nephrology, Mayo Hospital, Lahore, from February 2015 to August 2017. All patients who were on regular maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) for more than three months and able to read and understand Urdu version of Kidney Disease Quality Of Life (KDQOL) tool were included in the study...
July 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Elizabeth A Hintz
This manuscript uses Goldsmith's (2004) normative model of social support to explore conversations women have with a romantic partner about vulvodynia. Twenty-six women with vulvodynia participated in semi-structured interviews in which they described conversational goals, discussed challenges, and offered advice to others managing vulvodynia. As this study was concerned with interactions with romantic partners both present and past, women with vulvodynia, not their partners, were the targets of recruiting efforts...
September 5, 2018: Health Communication
Katherine Fornili
In early April 2018, Dr. Maria Oquendo, President of the American Psychiatric Association, and Dr. Nora Volkow, Director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse, published a thought-provoking article in the New England Journal of Medicine about the role of suicide in the opioid overdose epidemic, referring to the relationship between them as a "hidden tragedy." Drs. Oquendo and Volkow drew our attention to the twinning of the opioid (and other drug) overdose and suicide epidemics, but these are not the first or only drug-related "twin epidemics...
July 2018: Journal of Addictions Nursing
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