Read by QxMD icon Read

Social interaction. Pain

Wataru Ito, Howard Huang, Vanessa Brayman, Alexei Morozov
Familiarity is conveyed by social cues and determines behaviors towards conspecifics. Here we characterize a novel assay for social behaviors in mice - contacts with anesthetized conspecific - which eliminates reciprocal interactions including inter-male aggression and reveals behaviors that are independent of the demonstrator's activity. During the initial 10 minutes (phase-1), the wild-type subjects contacted the anesthetized conspecifics vigorously regardless of familiarity. During the subsequent 80 minutes (phase-2), however, they contacted more with familiar than unfamiliar conspecifics...
August 17, 2018: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
Ole Melkevik, Thomas Clausen, Jacob Pedersen, Anne Helene Garde, Andreas Holtermann, Reiner Rugulies
BACKGROUND: Symptoms of depression and musculoskeletal pain have both been found to be associated with increased risk of long term sickness absence (LTSA). The comorbidity between depression and pain i.e. simultaneous presence of both symptoms, is well established in the literature. The aim for the current investigation was to investigate whether the presence of comorbid pain influences the associations between depressive symptoms and LTSA or if the presence of comorbid depressive symptoms influences associations between musculoskeletal pain and LTSA...
August 6, 2018: BMC Public Health
Ashley A Berard, André P Smith
Fibromyalgia is a chronic illness with primary symptoms of widespread pain and fatigue. Social media applications have become a recent resource allowing individuals with fibromyalgia to interact in a virtual community devoted to the illness. This study explores how such a community develops and maintains itself on Instagram and the ways it creates social capital for its users. Data are derived from Instagram posts and open-ended questionnaires completed by users living with fibromyalgia who use the application...
August 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Marcus A Alcantara, Renato Aparecido De Souza, Flávia Angélica De Oliveira, Kaio César Pinhal
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze the influence of environmental factors on the ICF activity-participation outcome, controlling for body function and personal factor dimensions of 75 diabetes patients. METHOD: Outcome measures included questionnaires on musculoskeletal pain (Nordic Questionnaire), physical and environment domains of World Health Organization Quality of Life version BRIEF (WHOQOL-brief) and clinical and personal data. Multiple linear regression with hierarchical entry of variables was used...
July 31, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
M Folayan, S Olatubosun
Early childhood caries (ECC) is the most common chronic infectious childhood disease. It is also a major public health problem worldwide [Gomez, 2013]. Although it is not life-threatening, early childhood caries impacts negatively the quality of life when associated with pain. It affects the function, social interactions and cognitive and neurodevelopment of affected children, whose parents also suffer financial and emotional stress [Folayan and Alade, 2018]. Early childhood caries is defined as the presence of one or more cavitated or non-cavitated lesion, missing or filled tooth due to caries in any primary tooth in a child 71 months of age or younger [AAPD, 2008]...
June 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Xiaoxue Gao, Hongbo Yu, Ignacio Sáez, Philip R Blue, Lusha Zhu, Ming Hsu, Xiaolin Zhou
Humans can integrate social contextual information into decision-making processes to adjust their responses toward inequity. This context dependency emerges when individuals receive more (i.e., advantageous inequity) or less (i.e., disadvantageous inequity) than others. However, it is not clear whether context-dependent processing of advantageous and disadvantageous inequity involves differential neurocognitive mechanisms. Here, we used fMRI to address this question by combining an interactive game that modulates social contexts (e...
August 14, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Charlotte Sortedahl, Jean Krsnak, Michelle M Crook, Lisa Scotton
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to examine how case managers, taking a holistic, patient-centered approach that is grounded in advocacy, have a crucial role to play in the opioid crisis response. This includes providing education, support, and resources to prevent misuse of and addiction to opioids prescribed for pain management and intervening with more resources to help combat the nonmedical use of prescription opioids and heroin. PRIMARY PRACTICE SETTINGS: In addition to case managers in acute care, workers' compensation, and palliative care, who have frequent contact with patients who are prescribed opioid medications for pain management, all case managers may interact with patients and support systems/families who are directly or indirectly impacted by opioid use, misuse, and addiction...
September 2018: Professional Case Management
Pierre-Eric Lutz, Philippe Courtet, Raffaella Calati
In the past decade, considerable attention has been drawn to social interactions and behaviors as sources of pleasurable (social reward) and painful (social pain) emotional states. While the role of the opioid system in the regulation of reward and pain processes has long been recognized, it has more recently been investigated and characterized in the specific context of social experiences across several mammalian species. Accordingly, the present narrative review provides a comprehensive summary of studies detailing how the opioid system controls social reward and social pain...
July 26, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Research
Tansel Mutlu, Uygar Daşar, Ali Bicimoglu
BACKGROUND: In traditional societies, patients who reach adulthood with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) may be labeled "disabled" and may be considered "defective," causing them psychologic pain and problems with social interactions. In some patriarchal societies, women disproportionately experience these problems, because they may be seen as insufficient in terms of marriage and sexual intercourse owing to hip-related limitations, and they may be married through arranged marriages to people who also have disabilities...
July 13, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Andrew Jull, Sara Muchoney, Varsha Parag, Angela Wadham, Chris Bullen, Jill Waters
Venous insufficiency is the most common cause of leg ulceration, but the impact of venous leg ulceration on health-related quality of life has not been adequately assessed. This study compared data from randomized controlled trials to population norms obtained from a large national population survey. We combined the baseline Short Form-36 (SF-36) version 1 data from two New Zealand randomized controlled trials that recruited participants with VLU and compared the pooled data to the population scores obtained from the New Zealand Health Survey using general linear regression to adjust for age, sex, and ethnicity differences between the cohorts...
July 17, 2018: Wound Repair and Regeneration
Xiao-Kun Liu, Shui-Yuan Xiao, Liang Zhou, Mi Hu, Hui-Ming Liu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate a 4-week period of pain prevalence and the risk factors of experiencing pain among a rural Chinese population sample. To explore the psychosocial and health condition predictors of pain severity and the interactions of age and gender with these factors in real-life situations among the general adult population in China. METHODS: Data were collected from a random multistage sample of 2052 participants (response rate=95%) in the rural areas of Liuyang, China...
July 13, 2018: BMJ Open
Pauline Voon, Alissa M Greer, Ashraf Amlani, Cheri Newman, Charlene Burmeister, Jane A Buxton
BACKGROUND: People who use drugs have a significantly higher prevalence of chronic non-cancer pain compared to the general population, yet little is known about how various policy, economic, physical, and social environments may serve as risk or protective factors in the context of concurrent pain and substance use. Therefore, this study sought to explore perspectives, risks, and harms associated with pain among people who use drugs. METHODS: Thirteen focus group interviews were held across British Columbia, Canada, from July to September 2015...
July 5, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
Shari R Lipner, Richard K Scher
Onychomycosis is a fungal nail infection caused by dermatophytes, non-dermatophytes, and yeast and is the most common nail disorder seen in clinical practice. It is an important problem, as it may cause local pain, paresthesias, difficulties performing activities of daily life, and impair social interactions. The epidemiology, risk factors, and clinical presentation and diagnosis of onychomycosis were discussed in the first article in this continuing medical education series. In this article, we review the prognosis and response to onychomycosis treatment, Food and Drug Administration approved medications for onychomycosis, as well as, off-label therapies and devices...
June 27, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Shari R Lipner, Richard K Scher
Onychomycosis is a fungal nail infection caused by dermatophytes, non-dermatophytes, and yeast and is the most common nail disorder seen in clinical practice. It is an important problem, as it may cause local pain, paresthesias, difficulties performing activities of daily life, and impair social interactions. In the following continuing medical education manuscript, we review the epidemiology, risk factors, and clinical presentation of onychomycosis and demonstrate current and emerging diagnostic strategies...
June 27, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Luca Pancani, Paolo Riva, Simona Sacchi
Two studies tested whether social exclusion can increase gambling behavior. In Study 1, participants were asked to relive a socially painful instance, a physically painful instance or a control condition and were then presented with a real online gambling device (i.e., a slot machine). The results revealed that participants who relived a socially painful instance played longer on the gambling device. In Study 2, we induced actual feelings of social disconnection and manipulated slot machine anthropomorphization...
June 29, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Alice Morgan, Harriet Sinclair, Alexander Tan, Ellen Thomas, Richard Castle
PURPOSE: To explore the effectiveness of scuba diving in providing therapeutic and rehabilitative benefit to ex-service personnel who have experienced traumatic physical and/or psychological injuries resulting from combat. METHODS: This study took the form of a service evaluation of Deptherapy, a UK-based niche charity offering support to military veterans who have experienced life-changing injuries. Deptherapy provides scuba diving qualifications, consisting of theory and practical diving experience, to participants alongside a Peer Support Buddy scheme that provides continuing support to servicemen involved with the charity...
June 29, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Minhye Lee, Hyun Seon Ahn, Soon Koo Kwon, Sung-Il Kim
We aimed to differentiate the neural responses to cooperative and competitive contexts, which are the two of the most important social contexts in human society. Healthy male college students were asked to complete a Tetris-like task requiring mental rotation skills under individual, cooperative, and competitive contexts in an fMRI scanner. While the participants completed the task, pictures of others experiencing pain evoking emotional empathy randomly appeared to capture contextual effects on empathic neural responses...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Samuel Tsai, Emma Crawford, Jenny Strong
Objective: People with chronic pain often have limited avenues for social support. Social isolation often develops as their abilities to engage in daily social and vocational activities decrease. With recent advancements in technology and increasing use of social media, virtual platforms such as blogging may provide opportunities for social support. This study analyzed published blog posts of people with chronic pain to investigate how social support occurs through blogging for chronic pain blog users and the nature of such online interactions...
January 2018: Digital Health
Gunnel Peterson, David Nilsson, Johan Trygg, Anneli Peolsson
Chronic pain and disability is common in whiplash-associated disorders (WAD), leading to personal suffering, sick leave, and social cost. The cervical spine is heavily dependent on muscular support and whiplash injury can cause damage to the neck muscles, but diagnostic tools to measure neck muscle impairment and evaluate exercise interventions are lacking. Therefore, the present study investigated ventral neck muscle interactions in 26 individuals with chronic WAD randomized to neck-specific exercise (NSE) or remaining on a waiting list (WL) in 3 months...
June 25, 2018: Scientific Reports
Adrian Yip, Veronika Schoeb
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patient participation is the cornerstone for effective physiotherapy intervention. The aim was to analyze how patients and physiotherapists negotiate symptoms during exercise therapy and describe patients' participation during this process. METHODS: Nineteen consultations with sixteen patients and six physiotherapists were video-recorded in two Hong Kong outpatient settings. Conversation Analysis was used to uncover interactional aspects of symptom-talk, focusing on turn-taking, sequence organization, and vocabulary...
June 25, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"