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Social interaction. Pain

Jacek Cholewicki, John M Popovich, Payam Aminpour, Steven A Gray, Angela Lee, Paul W Hodges
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Low back pain (LBP) is a multifactorial problem with complex interactions among many biological, psychological and social factors. It is difficult to fully appreciate this complexity because the knowledge necessary to do so is distributed over many areas of expertise that span the biopsychosocial domains. PURPOSE: This study describes the collaborative modeling process, undertaken among a group of participants with diverse expertise in LBP, to build a model to enhance understanding and communicate the complexity of the LBP problem...
November 30, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Janni Strøm, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Lene Bastrup Jørgensen, Niels Trolle Andersen, Malene Laursen
BACKGROUND: Approximately one-third of patients undergoing spine surgery have symptoms of anxiety and depression that correlate with pain, disability, and lower health-related quality of life. The use of web-based informative strategies before surgery and principles from cognitive behavioral therapy, have been applied in other patient groups, facilitating mobility and encouraging beneficial coping behavior. PURPOSE: To examine the effect of a web-based Spine Platform featuring Interaction and Information by Animation (w-SPIINA) on symptoms of anxiety and depression, pain, disability, and health-related quality of life...
November 27, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Patrick Bach, Ulrich Frischknecht, Melanie Bungert, Damian Karl, Christian Vollmert, Sabine Vollstädt-Klein, Stefanie Lis, Falk Kiefer, Derik Hermann
Opioids interact with systems processing pain and social stimuli. Both systems are crucial for responding to strains of everyday life and both are linked to relapse risk in opioid-dependent patients. The investigation of those systems seems essential to better understand opioid addiction as a whole. 17 patients on opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) and 21 healthy individuals underwent a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) social ball-tossing (Cyberball) paradigm simulating social inclusion and exclusion...
November 27, 2018: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
G Fordyce, H McMillan, N McGrath
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect on healing and pain-associated behaviours of covering exposed sinuses after horn amputation under extensive production conditions in northern Australia. METHODS: Horned, weaned Brahman-cross heifers (n = 50) aged approximately 6 months were alternately allocated to have their dehorning wounds either patched with a dry, non-sterile gauze swab or left untreated. Adherence of swabs and growth rates, healing and pain-associated behaviour were monitored for 88 days post-surgery...
December 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
Anastassia E Kossioni, Justyna Hajto-Bryk, Barbara Janssens, Stefania Maggi, Leonardo Marchini, Gerry McKenna, Frauke Müller, Mirko Petrovic, Regina Elisabeth Roller-Wirnsberger, Martin Schimmel, Gert-Jan van der Putten, Jacques Vanobbergen, Joanna Zarzecka
Good oral health in old age is particularly important for maintaining adequate oral function, preventing pain and discomfort, controlling localized or systemic inflammation, sustaining social interaction, and preserving quality of life. Given that oral health is an integral part of general health and well-being, and that major chronic systemic and oral diseases share common risk factors, oral health prevention and promotion should be embedded within routine medical assessment and care provision. The role of medical physicians, particularly primary care physicians, geriatricians, and elderly care physicians, in community and long-term care facilities in assessing and promoting oral health in frail older adults is critical and has been emphasized in recent European recommendations...
December 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Piotr Tederko, Marek Krasuski, Beata Tarnacka
OBJECTIVES: To present a synopsis of evidence on the efficacy of rehabilitation after cervical disk surgery performed for neck pain and radiculopathy. DATA SOURCES: The databases of Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central were searched for studies reporting effects of rehabilitation interventions in patients undergoing surgery due to cervical disk disease with pain and radicular syndrome, published before 31 August 2018. REVIEW METHODS: Project was registered with PROSPERO database (number CRD42018085937)...
November 21, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
H Famitafreschi, M Karimian
The ventral tegmental area (VTA) is a brain region recently shown to interfere with pain perception. According to previous studies, improvement of antioxidant defense mechanisms reduces pain. The aim of this study was to show that lack of social interaction influences oxidative stress in the VTA and that this results in increased pain tolerance. In this study, 21 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 2 groups: paired and socially isolated (SI). After one week of acclimatization, the SI rats were isolated for 14 days and the other rats were paired for the same period...
July 2018: Functional Neurology
Birgit Schauer, Hans J Grabe, Till Ittermann, Markus M Lerch, Frank U Weiss, Hubert Mönnikes, Henry Völzke, Paul Enck, Juliane Schwille-Kiuntke
BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is associated with reduced quality of life and high healthcare costs. This study aimed to assess the prevalence and risk factors for IBS in a general adult population. METHODS: The Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP) is a population-based cohort study in northeastern Germany. SHIP-Trend-0 participants enrolled from 2008 to 2012 were grouped according to Rome III criteria (main criteria: abdominal discomfort or crampy or bloating pain for at least six months plus 2/3 additional criteria)...
November 15, 2018: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
T I Grushina
The author selected the set of ICF (International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health) categories selected for breast cancer patients presenting with the major late complications of the surgical treatment, such as upper limp lymphedema, pain syndrome, and mobility limitation in the shoulder joint on the side of the intervention. The problems associated with each component of ICF are described including the body functions - 26 categories, body structures - 15, activities and participation - 49, environmental factors - 31 categories...
2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
Jennifer L Reed, Anna E Clarke, Ali M Faraz, David H Birnie, Heather E Tulloch, Robert D Reid, Andrew L Pipe
BACKGROUND: Patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) experience symptom burden, exercise intolerance, weight gain, poor mental health, and diminished quality of life (QoL). Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is recommended for patients with heart disease, and its benefits are well established, yet clinical guidelines for patients with AF do not include the referral to CR. METHODS: In this matched retrospective, case-control study, we examined the impact of CR on changes in QoL, mental health, and cardiometabolic health indicators in patients with or without persistent or permanent AF...
November 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Hans Törnblom, Douglas A Drossman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The functional gastrointestinal disorders, or disorders of gut-brain interaction as defined by the Rome IV criteria, are the most common diagnostic entities in gastroenterology. Treatments that address the dysregulation of gut-brain interaction with these disorders are increasingly gaining interest as a better option than for example traditional analgesics, particularly opioids. Antidepressants, antianxiety and antipsychotic medications, and visceral analgesics, now termed neuromodulators, are included in this update addressing the evidence of treatment benefit in disorders of brain-gut interaction...
November 5, 2018: Current Gastroenterology Reports
Chun-Li Li, Yang Yu, Ting He, Rui-Rui Wang, Kai-Wen Geng, Rui Du, Wen-Jun Luo, Na Wei, Xiao-Liang Wang, Yang Wang, Yan Yang, Yao-Qing Yu, Jun Chen
Pain can be socially transferred between familiar rats due to empathic responses. To validate rat model of empathy for pain, effects of pain expressions in a cagemate demonstrator (CD) in pain on empathic pain responses in a naïve cagemate observer (CO) after 30 min priming dyadic social interactions (PDSI) were evaluated. The CD rats were prepared with four pain models: bee venom (BV), formalin, complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA), and spared nerve injury (SNI). Both BV and formalin tests are characterized by displayable and eye-identifiable spontaneous pain-related behaviors (SPRB) immediately after treatment, while CFA and SNI models are characterized by delayed occurrence of evoked pain hypersensitivity but with less eye-identifiable SPRB...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
Nicole V Rivera, Patricia A Parmelee, Dylan M Smith
This study utilized experience sampling methodology (ESM) to examine the relationship of social interactions with daily pain and mood symptoms in people with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. Two hundred sixty-eight adults with physician-diagnosed OA of the knee underwent a baseline in-person interview and subsequent week-long ESM protocol to assess their daily activity patterns, pain, and mood via phone interview four times a day. A coding system was developed to assess presence and type of social interactions based on subject self-report of activity patterns...
October 31, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Lisanne M A Janssen, Paul Bassett, Thomas Macken, Jolanda van Esch, Hans Pruijt, Arnoud Knoops, Markus Sköld, Antony Parker, Jolanda de Vries, Esther de Vries
Background: Most patients with primary antibody deficiency (PAD) suffer from less well-described and understood forms of hypogammaglobulinemia (unclassified primary antibody deficiency, unPAD). Because of the moderately decreased immunoglobulin levels compared to CVID, unPAD is generally considered to be clinically mild and not very relevant. Objective: To describe our cohort of-mainly-unPAD patients, and to analyze whether subgroups can be identified. Methods: Data were prospectively collected (February-2012 to June-2016) as part of a standardized, 1-day Care Pathway for suspected primary immunodeficiency...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Marzena Maciejewska-Jeske, Anna Szeliga, Błażej Męczekalski
Premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) is defined by amenorrhoea and decreased serum levels of oestrogens associated with increased serum gonadotropins concentrations before the age of 40 years. Patients suffering from POI present with irregular menses, either secondary or (less common) primary amenorrhoea, and subfertility. POI affects approximately 1 in 100 women by the age 40 years and 0.1% by 30 years of age. Both spontaneous and iatrogenic causes may induce POI, although up to 90% of POI cases are idiopathic...
September 2018: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
Nicola Allegri, Simona Mennuni, Eliana Rulli, Nicola Vanacore, Oscar Corli, Irene Floriani, Irene De Simone, Massimo Allegri, S Govoni, Tomaso Vecchi, Giorgio Sandrini, Davide Liccione, Elena Biagioli
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Opioid treatments are often prolonged because of the pathology causing pain. We focused on the cognitive functions in chronic pain patients treated with opioids. This topic is currently controversial, but in practice the consequences are important in patients' daily life, social interactions, working ability and driving. DATABASE AND DATA TREATMENT: Medline and Embase databases were searched for eligible articles. We included studies: enrolling patients with chronic non-cancer pain; under opioids treatment; with a control group not using opioids; cognitive functions evaluated with specific tests...
October 24, 2018: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
Binghai Sun, Lingyan Zhou, Weilong Xiao, Xiaoqian Zhao, Wenhai Zhang, Weijian Li
Background: Perceived empathy is a commonly used strategy to cope with pain and is crucial for maintaining intimacy in dyadic relationships. Materials and methods: This study used the cold pressor test to investigate how perceived empathy and relationship type interact with the subjective perception of pain and objective measures of recovery time, using heart rate as an index. One hundred and ninety participants were recruited, including 49 friend dyads and 46 romantic partner dyads...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Deise Oliveira Costa, Fabíola Azevedo Araújo, Aline Silva Gomes Xavier, Lorena Dos Santos Araújo, Ueigla Batista da Silva, Eliene Almeida Santos, Silvia Lúcia Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: To identify self-care demands of men with sickle cell disease and priapism and describe self-care measures in light of Orem's Self-Care Theory. METHOD: This is a descriptive exploratory study with qualitative approach conducted with nine men with a history of sickle cell disease and priapism. Data were analyzed using Orem's Self-Care Theory. RESULTS: Some demands were identified: from universal self-care - difficulty in social interaction and solitude, changes in self-image, self-esteem and sexual activity; from development - the experience with priapism and little knowledge about the pathophysiology of the disease; regarding health deviations - pain crises...
September 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Chaona Chen, Carlos Crivelli, Oliver G B Garrod, Philippe G Schyns, José-Miguel Fernández-Dols, Rachael E Jack
Real-world studies show that the facial expressions produced during pain and orgasm-two different and intense affective experiences-are virtually indistinguishable. However, this finding is counterintuitive, because facial expressions are widely considered to be a powerful tool for social interaction. Consequently, debate continues as to whether the facial expressions of these extreme positive and negative affective states serve a communicative function. Here, we address this debate from a novel angle by modeling the mental representations of dynamic facial expressions of pain and orgasm in 40 observers in each of two cultures (Western, East Asian) using a data-driven method...
October 23, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Deanna R Befus, Megan Bennett Irby, Remy R Coeytaux, Donald B Penzien
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite recognition of rising prevalence and significant burden, migraine remains underestimated, underdiagnosed, and undertreated. This is especially true among groups who have been historically, socially, and economically marginalized such as communities of color, women, people experiencing poverty, people with lower levels of education, and people who hold more than one of these marginalized identities. While there is growing public and professional interest in disparities in migraine prevalence, there is a paucity of research focusing on racial/ethnic and socioeconomic disparities, and the social and structural determinants of health and equity that perpetuate these disparities...
October 5, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
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