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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021976/learning-curves-for-laparoscopic-repair-of-inguinal-hernia-and-communicating-hydrocele-in-children
#1
Catarina Barroso, Péter Etlinger, Ana Luísa Alves, Angélica Osório, José Luís Carvalho, Ruben Lamas-Pinheiro, Jorge Correia-Pinto
INTRODUCTION: We analyzed the department and surgeon learning curves during implementation of the percutaneous internal ring suturing (PIRS) technique in our department. METHODS: Children proposed for inguinal hernia or communicating hydrocele repair were included (n = 607). After mentorship, all surgeons were free to propose open or PIRS repair. From gathered data, we assessed department and surgeon learning curves through cumulative experience focusing in perioperative complications, conversion, ipsilateral recurrence, postoperative complications, and metachronous hernia, with benchmarks defined by open repair...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017863/surgical-volunteerism-as-a-collaborative-teaching-activity-can-benefit-surgical-residents-in-low-middle-income-countries
#2
EDITORIAL
Ryan A Hayton, Dustin K Donley, Arega Fekadu, Bradley K Woods, Cassandra K Graybill, Tamara N Fitzgerald
Surgical care is desperately needed in low-middle income countries (LMIC). Due to small numbers of faculty in local training programs, residents have limited exposure to subspecialists. We describe a teaching activity between visiting surgeons from the U.S. and a residency program in Malawi as an example for how surgeons in high income countries can meaningfully contribute. A short-term education activity was developed where residents participated in a pre-test on pediatric surgical management, lectures, intra-operative instruction, bedside rounds and a post-test...
October 7, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993175/smfm-special-statement-research-to-knowledge-promoting-the-training-of-physician-scientists-in-the-biology-of-pregnancy
#3
Yoel Sadovky, Aaron B Caughey, Michelle DiVito, Mary E D'Alton, Amy P Murtha
Common disorders of pregnancy, such as preeclampsia, preterm birth, and fetal growth abnormalities, continue to challenge perinatal biologists seeking insights into disease pathogenesis that will result in better diagnosis, therapy, and disease prevention. These challenges have recently been intensified with discoveries that associate gestational diseases with long-term maternal and neonatal outcomes. Whereas modern high-throughput investigative tools enable scientists and clinicians to non-invasively probe the maternal-fetal genome, epigenome, and other analytes, their implications for clinical medicine remain uncertain...
October 6, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991132/a-new-lease-on-life-preliminary-needs-assessment-for-the-development-of-a-survivorship-program-for-young-adult-survivors-of-cancer-in-south-texas
#4
Susanne Schmidt, L Aubree Shay, Harriet V King, Jordan Buckley, Leanne Embry, Helen M Parsons
Priorities for young adult survivorship care from the survivors' perspective are not well documented. To address this within our patient population, we conducted a multimethod needs assessment of young adult survivors of pediatric, adolescent, and young adult cancer in South Texas to get a better understanding of the ongoing challenges and priorities for their survivorship needs and related services. Participants were 18 to 39 years at the time of the needs assessment and predominately Hispanic. In an online survey, survivors most commonly cited being concerned about their physical and mental health, long-term treatment effects, recurrence, and health insurance issues...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990407/clinical-research-in-an-academic-psychiatry-department-some-general-principles-and-case-studies
#5
Philip Keightley, Paul Maguire, Rebecca E Reay, Jeffrey C Cubis, Peggy Craigie, Jeffrey Cl Looi
OBJECTIVE: This paper gives guidance for developing collaborative clinical research within an academic psychiatry department. METHODS: We describe the experience at the Australian National University Medical School, and present three case studies. RESULTS: The results reveal that general principles include, but are not limited to, intellectual curiosity, mentorship, collaboration and protected time. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that a particular strength of a new research department at a medical school may be close collaborative research within clinical settings...
October 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989010/global-health-education-for-medical-students-when-learning-objectives-include-research
#6
Alison M Bales, Anthony R Oddo, David J Dennis, Robert C Siska, Echo VanderWal, Harry VanderWal, Nompumelelo Dlamini, Ronald J Markert, Mary C McCarthy
BACKGROUND: The Luke Commission, a provider of comprehensive mobile health outreach in rural Swaziland, focuses on human immunodeficiency virus testing and prevention, including the performance of over 100 circumcisions weekly. Educational objectives for medical student global health electives are essential. Learning research methodology while engaging in clinical activities reinforces curriculum goals. Medical care databases can produce clinically significant findings affecting international health policy...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983202/collaboration-challenges-in-systematic-reviews-a-survey-of-health-sciences-librarians
#7
Joey Nicholson, Aileen McCrillis, Jeff D Williams
OBJECTIVE: While many librarians have been asked to participate in systematic reviews with researchers, often these researchers are not familiar with the systematic review process or the appropriate role for librarians. The purpose of this study was to identify the challenges and barriers that librarians face when collaborating on systematic reviews. To take a wider view of the whole process of collaborating on systematic reviews, the authors deliberately focused on interpersonal and methodological issues other than searching itself...
October 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974233/a-scoping-review-of-mentorship-of-health-personnel-to-improve-the-quality-of-health-care-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#8
Patricia Schwerdtle, Julia Morphet, Helen Hall
BACKGROUND: Most Low and Middle-Income Countries are facing a crisis in human resources for health which compromises their ability to meet health related targets outlined by the Sustainable Development Goals. The crisis is not limited to the availability of health personnel but also the quality of care and the training and development of the workforce. To address these challenges, evidence based education strategies are urgently required. Mentorship has been found to improve health personnel performance in High-Income Countries however, little is known about its role in Low and Middle-Income Countries...
October 3, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970450/how-do-pharmacists-develop-into-advanced-level-practitioners-learning-from-the-experiences-of-critical-care-pharmacists
#9
Ruth E Seneviratne, Helen Bradbury, Richard S Bourne
The national UK standards for critical care highlight the need for clinical pharmacists to practise at an advanced level (equivalent to Royal Pharmaceutical Society, Great Britain, Faculty Advanced Stage II (MFRPSII)) and above. Currently the UK is unable to meet the workforce capacity requirements set out in the national standards in terms of numbers of pharmacist working at advanced level and above. The aim of this study was to identify the strategies, barriers and challenges to achieving Advanced Level Practice (ALP) by learning from the experiences of advanced level critical care pharmacists within the UK...
July 7, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965020/supporting-nurse-mentor-development-an-exploration-of-developmental-constellations-in-nursing-mentorship-practice
#10
Julie-Ann MacLaren
Supervised practice as a mentor is currently an integral component of nurse mentor education. However, workplace education literature tends to focus on dyadic mentor-student relationships rather than developmental relationships between colleagues. This paper explores the supportive relationships of nurses undertaking a mentorship qualification, using the novel technique of constellation development to determine the nature of workplace support for this group. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with three recently qualified nurse mentors...
September 22, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964484/pediatric-transplantation-an-international-perspective
#11
Michael Collin, Jonathan Karpelowsky, Gordon Thomas
Abdominal solid-organ transplantation has revolutionized the life of children with end-stage organ failure. The international practice of transplant in the pediatric population is heterogeneous. Global trends in pediatric transplant activity are increasing, with diffusion of transplant activities into developing and emerging economies. The organization of deceased donor programs varies internationally (with strong association to a country's gross domestic product (GDP) per capita and health spending). While deceased donor programs are well established in advanced economies, emerging and developing countries rely heavily on living donor programs...
August 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964404/surgical-education-lessons-from-parenthood
#12
Clay Cothren Burlew
Although one might think surgery and parenting have little in common, there are clear parallels. Historically there has been little formal education for either role. Educators and parents relied on modelling the behavior of others, or trial and error techniques. Mentorship and role models have played a critical role in professional development and continue to have a profound impact. Over the past two decades there has been a marked increase in the resources that are available. Coaching, debriefing, deliberate practice, and formal training are now incorporated in residency programs...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959139/a-case-study-on-building-capacity-to-improve-clinical-mentoring-and-maternal-child-health-in-rural-tanzania-the-path-to-implementation
#13
Melissa T Ojemeni, Paulomi Niles, Salum Mfaume, Ntuli A Kapologwe, Linda Deng, Renae Stafford, Marie Jose Voeten, Kokusiima Theonestina, Wendy Budin, Nok Chhun, Allison Squires
BACKGROUND: Tanzania is a low income, East African country with a severe shortage of human resources for health or health workers. This shortage threatens any gains the country is making in improving maternal health outcomes. This paper describes a partnership between Touch Foundation and NYU Rory Meyers College of Nursing - Global, aimed at improving clinical mentorship and capacity among nurses and midwives at two rural hospitals in the Tanzanian Lake Zone Region. Clinical mentoring capacity building and supportive supervision of staff has been shown to be a facilitator of retaining nurses and would be possible to acquire and implement quickly, even in a context of low resources and limited technology...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956965/demands-on-community-nurse-mentors-are-new-models-for-practice-necessary
#14
Judith Ball
The Royal College of Nursing (RCN) Bazian report (2015a) explored international mentorship models that focus less on 1:1 mentorship than on an increased ratio of students to a mentor, and this was used to inform the RCN (2015b) mentorship recommendations document to the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC). The need to examine new models for mentorship and make recommendations for future practice was identified, despite the Bazian report ( RCN, 2015a ) stating that among developed countries and national regulators and professional bodies, the UK seemed to possess the most detailed policy and guidance on student nurse mentoring...
October 2, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954183/development-implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-certified-registered-nurse-anesthetist-preceptorship-mentorship-program
#15
Mary Scott-Herring, Sarabdeep Singh
Little evidence exists to support the effects of a preceptor-mentor program for orienting newly hired certified registered nurse anesthetists (CRNAs). The literature suggests that participation in a preceptorship-mentorship program will increase the satisfaction, confidence, and comfort of both preceptors and newly hired orientees. The purpose of this project was to determine the effects of these outcomes. This program was developed based on best evidence and implemented as a quality improvement project. Three sessions were held to educate preceptors (N = 12) in the following areas: communication skills, providing constructive feedback, and assessing learner's styles and needs...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951440/a-sports-based-youth-development-program-teen-mental-health-and-physical-fitness-an-rct
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Frederick Ka Wing Ho, Lobo Hung Tak Louie, Wilfred Hing-Sang Wong, Ko Ling Chan, Agnes Tiwari, Chun Bong Chow, Walter Ho, William Wong, Meanne Chan, Eric Yu Hai Chen, Yiu Fai Cheung, Patrick Ip
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of a positive youth development (PYD)-based sports mentorship program on the physical and mental well-being of adolescents recruited in a community setting. METHODS: This is a randomized controlled trial in which we recruited students from 12 secondary schools in Hong Kong, China. Participants were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to an intervention or a control arm after stratification for school from October 2013 to June 2014...
October 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947164/spinal-cord-injury-peer-mentorship-applying-self-determination-theory-to-explain-quality-of-life-and-participation
#17
Shane N Sweet, Emilie Michalovic, Amy E Latimer-Cheung, Michelle Fortier, Luc Noreau, Walter Zelaya, Kathleen A Martin Ginis
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of spinal cord injury (SCI) peer mentorship on quality of life/ participation and test a self-determination theory model that explains the role of SCI peer mentorship on these outcomes. Mentees (i.e., individuals receiving peer mentorship) were hypothesized to report greater quality of life (QoL) and participation compared to non-mentees. Psychological needs were expected to mediate the peer mentorship - outcome relationships. DESIGN: A static group comparison design...
September 22, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945700/perspectives-from-the-society-for-pediatric-research-spr-decreased-effectiveness-of-the-live-attenuated-influenza-vaccine-laiv
#18
REVIEW
Michelle A Gill, Elizabeth P Schlaudecker
Purpose of SPR Perspectives Reviews: Address contemporary scientific issues and controversies by leveraging the expertise of SPR membersIncrease SPR member engagement with the journalPair established and younger SPR members to simultaneously increase interaction between SPR members and create opportunities for mentorship The intranasal Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine (LAIV), FluMist, has been widely appreciated by pediatricians, parents and children alike for its ease of administration. Concerns regarding lack of effectiveness in recent influenza seasons, however, led to the CDC Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommendation to administer inactivated influenza vaccines (IIV), and not LAIV, during the 2016-17 and 2017-18 seasons...
September 25, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931484/partnership-for-development-a-peer-mentorship-model-for-phd-students
#19
Allison A Lewinski, Tara Mann, Dalmacio Flores, Ashlee Vance, Janet Prvu Bettger, Rachel Hirschey
Formal mentoring relationships socialize Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) students to their current and future roles as nursing scholars. Despite formal mentoring, some students may desire or benefit from additional mentoring in an informal setting. Informal mentoring complements the one-to-one relationship students develop with a primary faculty mentor or dissertation chair. This manuscript describes the development, implementation, and evaluation of a student-driven, peer mentorship model, titled Partnership for Development...
September 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931480/a-literature-review-of-mentorship-programs-in-academic-nursing
#20
REVIEW
Lorelli Nowell, Jill M Norris, Kelly Mrklas, Deborah E White
BACKGROUND: Nursing education institutions have issued recurring, global calls for mentorship; however, evidence-based program development guidance is scarce. To date, there are no comprehensive syntheses of current mentorship models, objectives, and program components to inform mentorship program development in nursing academia. The purpose of this review is to identify published articles that (1) described models for mentoring programs for academic nurses, and (2) described the objectives and core components of these programs...
September 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
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