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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907201/a-qualitative-study-of-gender-differences-in-the-experiences-of-general-surgery-trainees
#1
Sara P Myers, Katherine A Hill, Kristina J Nicholson, Matthew D Neal, Megan E Hamm, Galen E Switzer, Leslie R M Hausmann, Giselle G Hamad, Matthew R Rosengart, Eliza B Littleton
BACKGROUND: Women surgeons continue to face unique challenges to professional advancement. Higher attrition rates and lower confidence among female surgical residents suggest that experiences during residency differ by gender. Few studies have investigated gender-specific experiences during training. This study identifies gender-based differences in the experiences of general surgery residents that could affect professional development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male and female general surgery residents at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center participated in a semi-structured interview study exploring the significance of gender in training...
August 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907157/why-do-some-physicians-choose-to-tackle-inequities-in-healthcare
#2
Victoria Nkunu, Kevin J McLaughlin
BACKGROUND: Despite the reputation of Canada's healthcare system as being accessible to all Canadians, certain populations continue to face inequities within our healthcare system. In addition to promoting fairness, addressing healthcare inequities has the potential to reduce healthcare costs, which is increasingly important as healthcare costs continue to rise. Intentionally or otherwise, physicians are often leaders in healthcare teams, but there is a paucity of literature on physicians' perceptions of the problem of healthcare inequities and their potential role in addressing inequities...
June 15, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905144/mentoring-needs-of-distributed-medical-education-faculty-at-a-canadian-medical-school-a-mixed-methods-descriptive-study
#3
Rohin J Krishnan, Lavanya Uruthiramoorthy, Noor Jawaid, Margaret Steele, Douglas L Jones
INTRODUCTION: The Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry in London, Ontario, has a mentorship program for all full-time faculty. The school would like to expand its outreach to physician faculty located in distributed medical education sites. The purpose of this study was to determine what, if any, mentorship distributed physician faculty currently have, to gauge their interest in expanding the mentorship program to distributed physician faculty and to determine their vision of the most appropriate design of a mentorship program that would address their needs...
2018: Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904225/postgraduate-training-for-trauma-prevention-injury-surveillance-and-research-uganda
#4
Abdulgafoor M Bachani, Nino Paichadze, Jacob A Bentley, Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye, David Bishai, Lynn Atuyambe, Stephen Wegener, David Guwatudde, Olive C Kobusingye, Adnan A Hyder
Problem: The burden of trauma and injuries in Uganda is substantial and growing. Two important gaps that need addressing are the shortage of trained people and a lack of national data on noncommunicable diseases and their risk factors in Uganda. Approach: We developed and implemented a new track within an existing master of public health programme, aimed at developing graduate-level capacity and promoting research on key national priorities for trauma and injuries...
June 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893505/the-effect-of-preparation-strategies-qualification-and-professional-background-on-clinical-nurse-educator-confidence
#5
Van N B Nguyen, Helen Forbes, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Maxine Duke
AIMS: To describe how clinical nurse educators in Vietnam are prepared for their role; to identify which preparation strategies assist development of confidence in clinical teaching; and to measure the effect of educational qualifications and professional background on perceived confidence levels. BACKGROUND: The quality of clinical teaching can directly affect the quality of the student learning experience. The role of the clinical educator is complex and dynamic and requires a period of adjustment for successful role transition to occur...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893281/mentorship-experiences-of-early-career-academic-radiation-oncologists-in-north-america
#6
Nafisha Lalani, Kent A Griffith, Rochelle D Jones, Daniel E Spratt, Jennifer Croke, Reshma Jagsi
PURPOSE: Given concerns about attrition and career outcomes of academic radiation oncologists, we sought to gather empirical evidence regarding mentorship experiences. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We surveyed academic radiation oncologists in the United States and Canada who were within 5 years of board certification, using a pretested questionnaire that included 14 questions evaluating the following aspects of mentorship: relationship development, peer mentorship, satisfaction with mentorship, sponsorship, relationship nature, informal interactions, mentoring roles, presence of a primary mentor, and primary mentor characteristics...
July 1, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884686/mentoring-and-the-nuclear-medicine-technologist
#7
Lance Burrell
The goal of this article is to give an overview of mentoring for nuclear medicine technologists (NMT). Mentoring is an integral part of the training and practice in the field of nuclear medicine technology. There is a great need for NMTs to continue involvement in mentorship so that we can develop and maintain the talent and leadership that the field needs. In this article, definitions of mentorship will be provided. Then, how mentoring can work; including different methods and techniques will be covered. Next, the benefits of mentoring will be discussed...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877914/the-aliem-faculty-incubator-a-novel-online-approach-to-faculty-development-in-education-scholarship
#8
Teresa M Chan, Michael Gottlieb, Jonathan Sherbino, Robert Cooney, Megan Boysen-Osborn, Anand Swaminathan, Felix Ankel, Lalena M Yarris
PROBLEM: Early- and mid-career clinician educators often lack a local discipline-specific community of practice (CoP) that encourages scholarly activity. As a result, these faculty members may feel disconnected from other scholars. APPROACH: Academic Life in Emergency Medicine (ALiEM) piloted the Faculty Incubator. This longitudinal, asynchronous, online curriculum focused on developing a virtual CoP among 30 early-to-mid-career medical educators (the "incubatees"), 8 core faculty mentors, and 10 guest mentors...
June 5, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876338/the-longer-term-psychosocial-development-of-adolescents-child-development-accounts-and-the-role-of-mentoring
#9
Ko Ling Chan, Camilla Kin Ming Lo, Frederick Ka Wing Ho, Shimin Zhu, Simon Man Kin Lai, Patrick Ip
Objective: To examine the long-term development of adolescents who participated in the Child Development Fund (CDF), which was a community intervention that consisted of Child Development Accounts (CDAs) and mentorship components. Design: This was an evaluative study of the CDF community intervention and was conducted between January and June 2016 in Hong Kong. Participants: A total of 902 adolescents from low socioeconomic backgrounds participated in this study (552 in the CDF and 350 in the comparison group)...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868703/development-of-a-sustainable-mentorship-program-registered-dietitian-nutritionists-mentoring-undergraduate-dietetics-students
#10
Kristen K Hicks-Roof, Karen Beathard
Formal mentoring programs for dietetics students are limited, a critical gap in student application of learning. The educational program evaluated in this study was a structured project-based mentorship program between registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) and students in a didactic program in dietetics (DPD). There were 57 participants in our two-semester program, launched between a large university and a local dietetic association. The program resulted in high satisfaction ratings and strong interest in participating in the future program due to a reported increase in knowledge of concepts in the dietetics field from mentors and mentees involved...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868230/grow-a-model-for-mentorship-to-advance-women-s-leadership-in-global-health
#11
K M Yount, S Miedema, K H Krause, C J Clark, J S Chen, C Del Rio
In this essay, we discuss the under-representation of women in leadership positions in global health (GH) and the importance of mentorship to advance women's standing in the field. We then describe the mentorship model of GROW, Global Research for Women. We describe the theoretical origins of the model and an adapted theory of change explaining how the GROW model for mentorship advances women's careers in GH. We present testimonials from a range of mentees who participated in a pilot of the GROW model since 2015...
2018: Global health, epidemiology and genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849768/survey-of-ultrasound-practice-amongst-podiatrists-in-the-uk
#12
Heidi J Siddle, Aimie Patience, James Coughtrey, Jean Mooney, Martin Fox, Lindsey Cherry
Background: Ultrasound in podiatry practice encompasses musculoskeletal ultrasound imaging, vascular hand-held Doppler ultrasound and therapeutic ultrasound. Sonography practice is not regulated by the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC), with no requirement to hold a formal qualification. The College of Podiatry does not currently define ultrasound training and competencies.This study aimed to determine the current use of ultrasound, training received and mentorship received and/or provided by podiatrists using ultrasound...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847313/exploring-and-improving-student-engagement-in-an-accelerated-undergraduate-nursing-program-through-a-mentoring-partnership-an-action-research-study
#13
Marguerite Bramble, Hazel Maxwell, Rochelle Einboden, Sally Farington, Richard Say, Chin Liang Beh, Grace Stankiewicz, Graham Munro, Esther Marembo, Greg Rickard
This Participatory Action Research (PAR) project aimed to engage students from an accelerated 'fast track' nursing program in a mentoring collaboration, using an interdisciplinary partnership intervention with a group of academics. Student participants represented the disciplines of nursing and paramedicine with a high proportion of culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) students. Nine student mentors were recruited and paired with academics for a three-month 'mentorship partnership' intervention. Data from two pre-intervention workshops and a post-intervention workshop were coded in NVivo11 using thematic analysis...
May 30, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844676/enhancing-research-publications-and-advancing-scientific-writing-in-health-research-collaborations-sharing-lessons-learnt-from-the-trenches
#14
Guowei Li, Yanling Jin, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Lisa Dolovich, Jonathan D Adachi, Mitchell Ah Levine, Deborah Cook, Zainab Samaan, Lehana Thabane
Background: Disseminating research protocols, processes, methods or findings via peer-reviewed publications has substantive merits and benefits to various stakeholders. Purpose: In this article, we share strategies to enhance research publication contents (ie, what to write about) and to facilitate scientific writing (ie, how to write) in health research collaborations. Methods: Empirical experience sharing. Results: To enhance research publication contents, we encourage identifying appropriate opportunities for publications, publishing protocols ahead of results papers, seeking publications related to methodological issues, considering justified secondary analyses, and sharing academic process or experience...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29813008/positive-value-of-a-women-s-junior-faculty-mentoring-program-a-mentor-mentee-analysis
#15
Mary Lou Voytko, Natalie Barrett, Diana Courtney-Smith, Shannon L Golden, Fang-Chi Hsu, Mary Ann Knovich, Sonia Crandall
BACKGROUND: Recently appointed women faculty in academic medicine face many challenges during their careers and can become overwhelmed managing their multiple faculty roles as teacher, scholar, and clinician, in addition to their roles in personal life. Although a mentor can be invaluable in assisting a woman junior faculty member to adjust to faculty life and providing critical career guidance, not all medical institutions have faculty mentoring programs. We created a mentoring program specifically for our women junior faculty to address this issue at our own institution...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805923/perceptions-of-fourth-year-medical-students-on-writing-and-presenting-case-reports
#16
Pinky Jha, Abhishek Thakur, Jennifer Klumb, Sanjay Bhandari
Background Writing and presenting case reports has educational benefits for medical students by providing them a platform for involvement in scholarly activities and promoting scientific writing and critical thinking. This study assesses medical students' perceived benefits, challenges, and barriers regarding the process of writing and presenting case reports. Methods A qualtrics survey was emailed to 225 fourth-year medical students of the Medical College of Wisconsin. All of the questions in the survey were focused on obtaining the students' perceptions of factors facilitating the writing or presenting of case reports, its benefits, and the perceived challenges and barriers to writing and presenting case reports...
March 19, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29801424/illuminating-exemplary-professionalism-using-appreciative-inquiry-dialogues-between-students-and-mentors
#17
Lavjay Butani, Alyssa Bogetz, Jennifer Plant
PURPOSE: To explore the types of exemplary professional behaviors and the facilitators and barriers to professional behavior discussed by student-mentor dyads during appreciative inquiry (AI) dialogs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a qualitative analysis of AI narratives discussing exemplary professional practice written by third-year medical students following a dialog with mentors. Narratives were thematically analyzed using directed content analysis to explore the types of exemplary professional behaviors discussed and the facilitators and barriers to professional practice...
May 25, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29799379/trans-atlantic-collaboration-applying-lessons-learned-from-the-us-cf-foundation-quality-improvement-initiative
#18
Kathryn A Sabadosa, Marjorie M Godfrey, Bruce C Marshall
BACKGROUND: Between 2002 and 2006 France launched a national cystic fibrois (CF) newborn screening program; organized a network of specialized CF care centers; and issued CF diagnostic and treatment standards. To continue to build on this success in 2007 the Cystic Fibrosis Center of Expertise for Rare Diseases (CF CERD) of Nantes-Roscoff in partnership with the French CF Society, the French CF Association (Vaincre la Mucoviscidose), and all CF center leaders from across the country agreed to pursue center-level improvement in medical outcomes for people with CF by adapting the U...
February 8, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29799320/factors-contributing-to-the-success-of-nih-designated-underrepresented-minorities-in-academic-and-nonacademic-research-positions
#19
Luis R Martinez, Dwayne W Boucaud, Arturo Casadevall, Avery August
We report the outcomes of a survey of underrepresented minorities (URMs) in life science academic (e.g., faculty) and nonacademic (e.g., research-related) positions seeking to ascertain variables that contribute to their success (e.g., favorable or desired outcome). Given that they had positions in research careers, all respondents were presumed to be successful, and we sought to identify shared factors that were associated with this success. As in previous studies, respondents reported that undergraduate research opportunities, performing research in small- to medium-sized laboratories, and access to mentors throughout all stages of training were important factors for success in their careers...
June 2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797775/practice-patterns-of-female-urologists-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#20
Lydia Johns Putra, Janice Cheng, Caroline Dowling, Anita Clarke
OBJECTIVE: With more women joining the urology workforce, accurate and contemporary data are required. The objective of this study is to analyse practice patterns of female urologists in Australia and New Zealand. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: An electronic survey was sent to female urologists and urology trainees of the Urological Society of Australia and New Zealand in December 2016 with questions on demographics, practice patterns and views on mentorship. RESULTS: 60 of 82 recipients responded (73...
May 24, 2018: BJU International
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