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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666837/cancer-telomeres-and-white-crows
#1
REVIEW
Alan K Meeker
This mini-review article discusses past and present prostate-focused research on telomere and telomerase biology conducted at Johns Hopkins, through the eyes of a Donald S Coffey trainee. Included are past discoveries of abnormalities in telomere biology in the context of prostate cancer and its pre-malignant precursor prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN); the finding that telomerase activity is androgen-regulated in the prostate, and the potential role of telomerase in prostate epithelial stem cells. Also reviewed are more recent results showing that in situ telomere length measurements in patient tissue specimens may have utility in risk assessment and as a prognostic biomarker...
2018: American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664699/diversity-in-otolaryngology-residency-programs-a-survey-of-otolaryngology-program-directors
#2
Hillary Newsome, Erynne Faucett, Thomas Chelius, Valerie Flanary
Objective As the population of the United States becomes increasingly racially and ethnically diverse, it is important that the medical profession reflect these changes. Otolaryngology has previously been identified as one of the surgical subspecialties with the smallest presence of those underrepresented in medicine. In the context of this study, the term underrepresented in medicine is defined as blacks, Latinos, Native American, and Native Hawaiians. The purpose of this study was to describe the current state of otolaryngology residency programs in terms of diversity of resident and faculty cohort, explore general interviewing practices, and investigate recruitment of underrepresented in medicine applicants...
April 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659006/health-and-aging-policy-fellows-dementia-and-mental-health-policy-to-improve-lives-of-older-adults
#3
Pamela Z Cacchione, Kathleen M Pike, Brigitta Spaeth-Rublee, Harrold A Pincus
The Health and Aging Policy Fellows (HAPF) Program has, since its inception in 2008, provided health policy training and mentorship for 113 gerontological professionals across a wide range of disciplines and stages of careers. The fellows' shared passion is the effective engagement of policy levers to improve the lives of older adults. This article briefly describes the HAPF Program and provides a sample of policies with which fellows have been engaged related to dementia and late-life mental health. Approximately 20% of the fellows have specifically addressed one of these areas during their fellowship year...
April 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658824/video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-lobectomy-performed-satisfaction-and-complications-of-patients-during-hands-on-training-courses
#4
Dongjie Ma, Xiaonan Song, Shanqing Li, Hongsheng Liu, Yushang Cui, Cheng Huang, Xiaoyun Zhou, Yingzhi Qin, Li Li, Yeye Chen
AIM: It was aimed to concern about the satisfaction and procedural complications of patients during the thoracoscopy exist of hands-on training in this present study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The patients with non-small-cell carcinoma underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy during hands-on training courses at thoracoscopic center in our hospital and collected from January 2009 and December 2014. The rates of satisfaction and complications of patients were compared from hands-on training group and control group...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657855/developing-sustainable-research-careers-for-kl2-scholars-the-importance-of-an-inclusive-environment-and-mentorship
#5
Carrie L Byington, Erin Rothwell, Trent Matheson, Rebecca Childs, Erin Wachs, Ruben Rocha, Maureen Murtaugh, David Turok, Anthea Letsou, Julie Shakib, Rachel Hess, Willard Dere
Introduction: The National Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA) Consortium 2.0 has developed common metrics as a collaborative project for all participating sites. Metrics address several important aspects and functions of the consortium, including workforce development. The first workforce development metrics to be proposed for all CTSA hubs include the proportion of CTSA-supported trainees and scholars with sustainable careers in translational research and the diversity and inclusiveness of programs...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656708/outcomes-of-a-peer-mentor-intervention-for-persons-with-recurrent-psychiatric-hospitalization
#6
Maria J O'Connell, William H Sledge, Martha Staeheli, David Sells, Mark Costa, Melissa Wieland, Larry Davidson
OBJECTIVE: This article presents findings from a randomized controlled trial of a peer support mentorship intervention designed for individuals with serious mental illness and frequent, recurrent psychiatric hospitalizations. METHODS: Seventy-six individuals who were diagnosed as having a major psychotic or mood disorder and who had at least two psychiatric hospitalizations or more than three emergency department visits within the 18 months prior to the index hospitalization participated in this trial...
April 16, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655513/force-of-peer-mentorship-for-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury
#7
Julie Gassaway, Bethlyn Vergo Houlihan, Sarah Everhart Skeels, Michael L Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 11, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650172/nurse-managers-perspectives-on-nurses-performance-in-mentorship-program
#8
Khin Thandar Aung, Nor Qurratul Ain Binti Jamal
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the nurse managers' perspectives on nurses' performance in a mentorship program. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 51 nurse managers in Hospital Tengku Ampuan Afzan (HTAA), Kuantan, Pahang, by using modified and self-developed questionnaire with the Cronbach's alpha value 0.994. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics such as central tendency, frequency and percentage. RESULTS: The gender of respondents was predominantly female (100%)...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643904/assessment-of-collaborative-problem-solving-skills-in-undergraduate-medical-students-at-ziauddin-college-of-medicine-karachi
#9
Arsalan Manzoor Mughal, Sirajul Haque Shaikh
Objective: Collaborative Problem Solving Empirical Progressions from the Assessment and Teaching of 21st Century Skills (ATC21S) framework were used to determine the level of collaborative problem solving skills (CPS) in first, second and third year MBBS students at Ziauddin College of Medicine during Problem-Based Learning (PBL) sessions. Variations based on gender and roles were studied. Methods: It is an analytical comparative cross-sectional study in which seven PBL groups were selected per year by non-probability convenient sampling...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643062/a-survey-on-data-reproducibility-and-the-effect-of-publication-process-on-the-ethical-reporting-of-laboratory-research
#10
Delphine R Boulbes, Tracy J Costello, Keith A Baggerly, Fan Fan, Rui Wang, Rajat Bhattacharya, Xiangcang Ye, Lee M Ellis
PURPOSE:  The successful translation of laboratory research into effective therapies is dependent upon the validity of peer-reviewed publications. However, several publications in recent years suggested that published scientific findings could only be reproduced 11-45% of the time. Multiple surveys attempted to elucidate the fundamental causes of data irreproducibility and underscored potential solutions; more robust experimental designs, better statistics, and better mentorship. However, no prior survey has addressed the role of the review and publication process on honest reporting...
April 11, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629934/faculty-mentorship-making-it-work-across-the-career-continuum-through-development-implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-formal-mentorship-program
#11
Jennifer B Martin, Dianna H Douglas
Mentoring is a way to foster personal and professional career development within professional disciplines such as nursing. The National League for Nursing has described the nurse faculty role as multidimensional and difficult to balance. A school of nursing implemented a faculty mentorship program focused on the school's core values: caring, professionalism, respect, integrity, diversity, and excellence (CPRIDE). This program combines traditional and nontraditional mentoring models to create an environment in which junior faculty form relationships with senior faculty who possess expertise in a particular field...
April 6, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626292/faculty-development-for-teaching-faculty-in-psychiatry-where-we-are-and-what-we-need
#12
Sallie G De Golia, Consuelo C Cagande, Mary S Ahn, Lisa M Cullins, Art Walaszek, Deborah S Cowley
OBJECTIVE: A Faculty Development Task Force surveyed the American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training membership to assess faculty development for graduate medical education faculty in psychiatry departments and barriers to seeking graduate medical education careers. METHODS: An anonymous Survey Monkey survey was emailed to 722 American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training members. The survey included questions about demographics, the current state of faculty development offerings within the respondent's psychiatry department and institution, and potential American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training faculty development programming...
April 6, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624152/barriers-to-participation-in-global-surgery-academic-collaborations-and-possible-solutions-a-qualitative-study
#13
Parisa Nicole Fallah, Mark Bernstein
OBJECTIVE There is a global lack of access to surgical care, and this issue disproportionately affects those in low- and middle-income countries. Global surgery academic collaborations (GSACs) between surgeons in high-income countries and those in low- and middle-income countries are one possible sustainable way to address the global surgical need. The objective of this study was to examine the barriers to participation in GSACs and to suggest ways to increase involvement. METHODS A convenience sample of 86 surgeons, anesthesiologists, other physicians, residents, fellows, and nurses from the US, Canada, and Norway was used...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622401/the-academic-tweet-twitter-as-a-tool-to-advance-academic-surgery
#14
Heather J Logghe, Luke V Selby, Marissa A Boeck, Nikki L Stamp, Jason Chuen, Christian Jones
Social media, Twitter in particular, has emerged as an essential tool for surgeons. In the realm of academic surgery, it enables surgeons to advance the core values of academic surgery, as outlined by the Association for Academic Surgery: inclusion, leadership, innovation, scholarship, and mentorship. This article details the ways in which surgeons are using Twitter to embody these values and how the Twitter account for the Association of Academic Surgeons accomplishes its goal of inspiring and developing young academic surgeons...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621072/a-comprehensive-onboarding-and-orientation-plan-for-neurocritical-care-advanced-practice-providers
#15
Tamra M Langley, Jeremy Dority, Justin F Fraser, Kevin W Hatton
BACKGROUND: As the role of advanced practice providers (APPs) expands to include increasingly complex patient care within the intensive care unit, the educational needs of these providers must also be expanded. An onboarding process was designed for APPs in the neurocritical care service line. METHODS: Onboarding for new APPs revolved around 5 specific areas: candidate selection, proctor assignment, 3-phased orientation process, remediation, and mentorship. To ensure effective training for APPs, using the most time-conscious approach, the backbone of the process is a structured curriculum...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619357/factors-influencing-american-plastic-surgery-residents-toward-an-academic-career
#16
Matthew D Chetta, Kristoffer B Sugg, Rafael J Diaz-Garcia, Steven J Kasten
Background: Plastic surgery residency program directors have an interest in recruiting applicants who show an interest in an academic practice. Medical school achievements (ie, United States Medical Licensing Examination® scores, publications, and Alpha Omega Alpha status) are metrics assessed to grade applicants but may not correlate with ultimately choosing an academic career. Objective: This study was designed to investigate factors influencing residents' choices for or against academic careers...
February 2018: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619272/population-health-intervention-research-training-the-value-of-public-health-internships-and-mentorship
#17
REVIEW
Anne-Marie Hamelin, Gilles Paradis
Background: Better alignment between academia and public health practice and policies are critical to improve public health actions. Training of future researchers to address complex issues and to conduct transdisciplinary and collaborative research will help improve this alignment. In this paper, we describe the role of internship placements and mentorship for trainees' skills development in population health intervention research and the benefits of embedding research trainees within public health organizations...
2018: Public Health Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617368/reducing-negative-affect-and-increasing-rapport-improve-interracial-mentorship-outcomes
#18
Jordan B Leitner, Özlem Ayduk, C Malik Boykin, Rodolfo Mendoza-Denton
Research suggests that interracial mentoring relationships are strained by negative affect and low rapport. As such, it stands to reason that strategies that decrease negative affect and increase rapport should improve these relationships. However, previous research has not tested this possibility. In video-chats (Studies 1 and 2) and face-to-face meetings (Study 3), we manipulated the degree of mutual self-disclosure between mentees and mentors, a strategy that has been shown to reduce negative affect and increase rapport...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614190/the-value-of-peer-mentorship-as-an-educational-strategy-in-nursing
#19
Tannis Andersen, Kathy Watkins
BACKGROUND: The emphasis of this article is to provide nursing instructors with a valuable educational strategy grounded in andragogical principles for reflection and implementation in their educational practice. METHOD: An expository review of the value of peer mentorship as an educational strategy that fits within the humanistic adult education philosophy and social constructivism theory was conducted. RESULTS: The value in peer mentorship is greatest for nursing students as mentors and mentees, predominantly in encouraging self-directed learning, building relationships, providing emotional and educational support, and developing collaboration and leadership skills...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609085/prevalence-and-impact-of-left-handedness-in-neurosurgery
#20
Blake Beehler, Ryan B Kochanski, Richard Byrne, Sepehr Sani
BACKGROUND: Approximately 10-13% of the population is left-handed (LH), and certain professions have varied representation of left-handers. In surgery, left-handers must overcome unique difficulties due to the right-handed (RH) operative environment. This study assesses the prevalence and impact of left-handedness on training and operative experience of neurosurgeons. METHODS: An email survey was designed and sent to 5109 US neurosurgeons and neurosurgical trainees...
March 30, 2018: World Neurosurgery
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