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Marco Pio La Manna, Valentina Orlando, Paolo Li Donni, Guido Sireci, Paola Di Carlo, Antonio Cascio, Francesco Dieli, Nadia Caccamo
We used the Luminex Bead Array Multiplex Immunoassay to measure cytokines, chemokines and growth factors responses to the same antigens used for RD1-based Interferon γ Release Assay (IGRA) test. Seventy-nine individuals, 27 active TB, 32 latent infection subsets, 20 individuals derivative purified protein (PPD) negative (subjects that do not have any indurative cutaneous reaction after 72 hrs of intradermal injection of PPD) and with other pulmonary disease were retrospectively studied. Forty-eight analytes were evaluated by Luminex Assay in plasma obtained from whole blood stimulated cells...
2018: PloS One
Dasa Cizkova, Veronika Cubinkova, Tomas Smolek, Adriana-Natalia Murgoci, Jan Danko, Katarina Vdoviakova, Filip Humenik, Milan Cizek, Jusal Quanico, Isabelle Fournier, Michel Salzet
It was recently shown that the conditioned medium (CM) of mesenchymal stem cells can enhance viability of neural and glial cell populations. In the present study, we have investigated a cell-free approach via CM from rat bone marrow stromal cells (MScCM) applied intrathecally (IT) for spinal cord injury (SCI) recovery in adult rats. Functional in vitro test on dorsal root ganglion (DRG) primary cultures confirmed biological properties of collected MScCM for production of neurosphere-like structures and axon outgrowth...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Keiichi Koizumi, Minako Hoshiai, Nobuyuki Katsumata, Takako Toda, Hiroaki Kise, Yohei Hasebe, Yosuke Kono, Yuto Sunaga, Masashi Yoshizawa, Atsushi Watanabe, Keiko Kagami, Masako Abe, Kanji Sugita
BACKGROUND: The effect of infliximab (IFX) on immune cells has not been fully reported in Kawasaki disease (KD). To investigate the mechanism of IFX in KD, we examined changes in the abundance of CD14+ CD16+ activated monocytes, regulatory T cells (Treg ), and T-helper cell type 17 (Th17) cells following treatment with IFX. METHODS: We collected peripheral blood from patients with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG)-resistant KD and analyzed the absolute counts of CD14+ CD16+ monocytes, Treg cells (CD4+ CD25+ FOXP3+ ) and Th17 cells (CD4+ IL-17A+ ) by flow cytometry...
March 15, 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Q N Yu, Y B Guo, X Li, C L Li, W P Tan, X L Fan, Z L Qin, D Chen, W P Wen, S G Zheng, Q L Fu
BACKGROUND: Group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) were closely associated with asthma. However, there were no perspective studies about the effects of glucocorticoid on ILC2s in asthma patients. Our objective was to perform a perspective study and evaluate the ILC2 activity after glucocorticoid therapy in asthma patients. METHODS: The asthma and asthma with allergic rhinitis patients were treated with glucocorticoid for 3 months. The circulating ILC2 levels were evaluated...
March 15, 2018: Allergy
Lucyna Kaszubowska, Jerzy Foerster, Jan Jacek Kaczor, Daria Schetz, Tomasz Jerzy Ślebioda, Zbigniew Kmieć
Background: Natural killer cells (NK cells) are cytotoxic lymphocytes of innate immunity that reveal some immunoregulatory properties, however, their role in the process of ageing is not completely understood. The study aimed to analyze the expression of proteins involved in cellular stress response: sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) and manganese superoxide dismutase (SOD2) in human NK cells with reference to the process of ageing. Non-stimulated and stimulated with IL-2, LPS or PMA with ionomycin cells originated from peripheral blood samples of: seniors aged over 85 ('the oldest'; n  = 25; 88...
2018: Immunity & Ageing: I & A
Yaozhong Liang, Shu Chen, Yuhao Yang, Chunhai Lan, Guowei Zhang, Zhisheng Ji, Hongsheng Lin
BACKGROUND: To investigate the treatment effect of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) on osteoarthritis (OA) and the relative mechanism. METHOD: The OA model on the SD rat knee was established using the modified Hulth method, and the recombinant pcDNA3.1+/VIP plasmid was constructed. One month after the plasmids VIP were injected intra-articularly into the right knee joint of OA and sham-operated rats, the pathological changes of the OA knee joint were observed by Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and Safranin O/fast green staining...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Science
Denise C Hsu, Kimberly F Breglio, Luxin Pei, Chun-Shu Wong, Bruno B Andrade, Virginia Sheikh, Margery Smelkinson, Constantinos Petrovas, Adam Rupert, Leonardo Gil-Santana, Adrian Zelazny, Steven M Holland, Kenneth Olivier, Daniel Barber, Irini Sereti
Background: Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) is an aberrant inflammatory response in individuals with advanced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, after antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation. The pathogenesis of Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC)-associated IRIS has not been fully elucidated. Methods: We investigated monocyte and CD4+ T-cell responses in vitro, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) expression in tissues, and plasma cytokines and inflammatory markers, in 13 HIV-infected patients with MAC-IRIS and 14 HIV-uninfected patients with pulmonary MAC infection...
March 10, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Laura Aragoneses-Fenoll, Gloria Ojeda, María Montes-Casado, Yeny Acosta-Ampudia, Umberto Dianzani, Pilar Portolés, José M Rojo
Class IA phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) catalytic subunits p110α and p110δ are targets in cancer therapy expressed at high levels in T lymphocytes. The role of p110δ PI3K in normal or pathological immune responses is well established, yet the importance of p110α subunits in T cell-dependent immune responses is not clear. To address this problem, mice with p110α conditionally deleted in CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes (p110α-/- ΔT) were used. p110α-/- ΔT mice show normal development of T cell subsets, but slightly reduced numbers of CD4+ T cells in the spleen...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Hisanori Fukunaga, Yasuko Tatewaki, Tatsushi Mutoh, Hideo Shimomura, Shuzo Yamamoto, Chiaki Terao, Tomoko Totsune, Manabu Nakagawa, Yasuyuki Taki
BACKGROUND Primary cardiac lymphoma is rare and can be an aggressive disease, depending on the grade. A case is reported of low-grade primary cardiac lymphoma associated with a pericardial effusion. 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography and computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) imaging was useful in the diagnosis and in evaluating the disease activity in this case. CASE REPORT A 72-year-old Japanese woman visited a general practitioner, complaining of dyspnea associated with cardiac tamponade. Pericardiocentesis was performed, and Group V malignant cells were identified by cytology, suspicious for malignant lymphoma...
March 14, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
Franklin R Toapanta, Paula J Bernal, Karen L Kotloff, Myron M Levine, Marcelo B Sztein
BACKGROUND: Shigellosis persists as a public health problem worldwide causing ~ 165,000 deaths every year, of which ~ 55,000 are in children less than 5 years of age. No vaccine against shigellosis is currently licensed. The live-attenuated Shigella flexneri 2a vaccine candidate CVD 1208S (S. flexneri 2a; ΔguaBA, Δset, Δsen) demonstrated to be safe and immunogenic in phase 1 and 2 clinical trials. Earlier reports focused on humoral immunity. However, Shigella is an intracellular pathogen and therefore, T cell mediated immunity (T-CMI) is also expected to play an important role...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
Shelly M Williams, Darin Sumstad, Diane Kadidlo, Julie Curtsinger, Xianghua Luo, Jeffrey S Miller, David H McKenna
BACKGROUND: Allogeneic natural killer (NK) cell adoptive immunotherapy is a growing therapeutic option for patients. Clinical-scale production of NK cells using immunomagnetic selection complies with current good manufacturing practices (cGMPs) and allows for closed-system, automated purification. We report our experience with CD3/CD19 cell-depleted (CD3/CD19dep ) NK cell production and compare to previous methods of CD3 cell depletion and CD3 cell depletion/CD56 cell enrichment. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Nonmobilized mononuclear cells collected by apheresis were incubated with anti-CD3/anti-CD19 microbeads and depleted in an automated cell selection system (CliniMACS, Miltenyi)...
March 12, 2018: Transfusion
Andrea M Quinn, Allison R Williams, Teresa I Sivilli, Charles L Raison, Thaddeus W W Pace
Circulating concentrations of interleukin (IL)-6, an inflammatory biomarker widely assessed in humans to study the inflammatory response to acute psychological stress, have for decades been quantified using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). However, biobehavioral researchers are increasingly using cytokine multiplex assays instead of ELISA to measure IL-6 and other cytokines. Despite this trend, multiplex assays have not been directly compared to ELISA for their ability to detect subtle stress-induced changes of IL-6...
March 13, 2018: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
Mohammad Saiful Islam, Myung-Jo You
Tick saliva is critically important for continuous attachment to the host, blood feeding for days, and transmission of tick-borne pathogens. To characterize the patterns of inflammatory cytokine gene expression during its attachment and blood sucking time, peripheral blood samples of rabbits infested with Haemaphysalis longicornis ticks were collected at different intervals. Blood histamine concentration was evaluated as well as gene encoding IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-2, IL-6, IL-4, and IL-10 were compared with non-infested rabbits...
February 2018: Korean Journal of Parasitology
Joseph B Margolick, Jay H Bream, Tricia L Nilles, Huifen Li, Susan J Langan, Shane Deng, Ruibin Wang, Nikolas Wada, Sean X Leng
Background: Both aging and treated human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected populations exhibit low-level chronic immune activation of unknown etiology, which correlates with morbidity and mortality. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is common in both populations, but its relation to immune activation is unknown. Methods: T cells from men who have sex with men (22 virologically suppressed HIV+, 20 HIV-) were stimulated with peptides spanning 19 CMV open reading frames, and intracellular cytokine responses were assessed...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Sarinnapha M Vasunilashorn, Long H Ngo, Noel Y Chan, Wenxiao Zhou, Simon T Dillon, Hasan H Otu, Sharon K Inouye, Iris Wyrobnik, George A Kuchel, Janet E McElhaney, Zhongcong Xie, David C Alsop, Richard N Jones, Towia A Libermann, Edward R Marcantonio
Background: Delirium is common, morbid, and costly, yet its biology is poorly understood. We aimed to develop a multi-protein signature of delirium by identifying proteins associated with delirium from unbiased proteomics and combining them with delirium biomarkers identified in our prior work (interleukin [IL]-6 and IL-2). Methods: We used the Successful Aging after Elective Surgery (SAGES) Study of adults age ≥70 undergoing major non-cardiac surgery (N=560; 24% delirium)...
February 24, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Lin Yuan, Wanli Li, Qianqian Huo, Chenhong Du, Zhixiang Wang, Baodi Yi, Mingfa Wang
This study investigated the effects of xylo-oligosaccharide (XOS) and flavomycin (FLA) on the performance and immune function of broiler chickens. A total of 150 ArborAcres broilers were randomly divided into three groups and fed for six weeks from one day of age in cascade cages. The diets of each test group were (1) a basal diet, (2) the basal diet supplemented with 2 mg/kg FLA, and (3) the basal diet supplemented with 2 mg/kg XOS. At 21 and 42 days, the growth performance index values and short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) concentrations in the cecum were quantified...
2018: PeerJ
Congxiu Ye, David Brand, Song G Zheng
Regulatory T cells (Treg) play a crucial role in maintaining immune homeostasis since Treg dysfunction in both animals and humans is associated with multi-organ autoimmune and inflammatory disease. While IL-2 is generally considered to promote T-cell proliferation and enhance effector T-cell function, recent studies have demonstrated that treatments that utilize low-dose IL-2 unexpectedly induce immune tolerance and promote Treg development resulting in the suppression of unwanted immune responses and eventually leading to treatment of some autoimmune disorders...
2018: Signal Transduction and Targeted Therapy
Fang Zhu, Ismat Khatri, David Spaner, Reginald M Gorczynski
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia B cells (CLL) are malignant cells which retain at least some functions of normal B cells. Paramount amongst the latter is that when such cells are appropriately stimulated, they are able to present antigens, including any potential tumor antigens, making them excellent choices as a candidate tumor vaccine. We show that following stimulation of CLL cells with Phorbol myristic acetate, IL-2, the TLR7 agonist imiquimod (P2I) and ionomycin (P2Iio), markedly increased expression of CD54 and CD83 was seen, indicative of B cell activation and a transition to antigen-presenting cells...
March 2, 2018: Leukemia Research
Yuria Shinohara, Mitsutoshi Tsukimoto
Damaged tissues and cells release intracellular purine nucleotides, which serve as intercellular signaling factors. We previously showed that exogenously added adenine nucleotide (250 μM ATP) suppressed the activation of murine splenic T lymphocytes. Here, we examined the effects of other purine nucleotides/nucleosides on mouse T cell activation. First, we found that pretreatment of mouse spleen T cells with 250 μM GTP, GDP, GMP, guanosine, ITP, IDP, IMP or inosine significantly reduced the release of stimulus-inducible cytokine IL-2...
March 7, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Dong-Mei Wu, Yong-Jian Wang, Xin-Rui Han, Xin Wen, Lei Li, Lan Xu, Jun Lu, Yuan-Lin Zheng
In this study, we aim to investigate the role of tanshinone IIA in myocardial infarction (MI), especially in left ventricular remodelling (VR) and the underlying mechanism involving the TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB signalling pathway. Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (n = 96) were selected, and 12 of them underwent sham surgery. The remaining 84 rats were subjected to MI modelling. HE and MT staining were carried out to estimate infract size, histopathological changes and fibrosis degree. Macrophage infiltration and cardiomyocyte apoptosis were evaluated by immunohistochemistry and TUNEL staining...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
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