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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30314190/the-firefly-genus-pteroptyx-olivier-revisited-coleoptera-lampyridae-luciolinae
#1
Wan F A Jusoh, Lesley Ballantyne, Christine L Lambkin, Nor Rasidah Hashim, Niklas Wahlberg
The synchronous firefly genus Pteroptyx Olivier is reassessed from morphological, molecular, and habitat perspectives in Malaysia, and includes some reliably associated females described from morphological features and internal female reproductive anatomy. Phylogenetic analyses using combined morphological and molecular data (where available) for 158 taxa supported all the major features of the existing taxonomic categories within the Indopacific Luciolinae. They revealed a distinct Pteroptyx clade as a morphologically variable genus with Poluninius selangoriensis Ballantyne being newly synonymised with Luciola testacea Motschulsky, the type species, which is redescribed from the type series...
August 6, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30313134/on-the-taxonomy-of-lygosoma-bampfyldei-bartlett-1895-squamata-scincidae-with-descriptions-of-new-species-from-borneo-and-peninsular-malaysia-and-the-resurrection-of-lygosoma-schneideri-werner-1900
#2
L Lee Grismer, Evan S H Quah, Zaharil Duzulkafly, Paul Yambun
A reassessment of the taxonomy of Lygosoma bampfyldei based on morphology and color pattern indicates that it is a species complex containing L. bampfyldei Bartlett, 1895 from the Rajang River, Sarawak and Croker Range, Sabah in East Malaysia; L. peninsulare sp. nov. from Bukit Larut, Perak and 13.5 km east of Jeli, Kelantan, Peninsular Malaysia; L. kinabatanganensis sp. nov. from the Kinabatangan District, Deramakot camp (=Deramakot Sabah Forestry Department), Sabah, East Malaysia; and L. schneideri Werner, 1900 from Djapura, Indragiri, Sumatra, Indonesia-resurrected herein from the synonymy of L...
June 22, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30281609/thismia-kelabitiana-thismiaceae-a-new-unique-fairy-lantern-from-borneo-potentially-threatened-by-commercial-logging
#3
Martin Dančák, Michal Hroneš, Michal Sochor, Zuzana Sochorová
Thismia kelabitiana, a new unique species from the Sarawak state of Malaysia in the island of Borneo is described and illustrated. This new species is not similar to any species of Thismia described so far especially by having a unique form of mitre and outer perianth lobes deeply divided into 8-10 acute lobes and forming striking fringe around perianth tube opening. The species appears to be critically endangered due to ongoing logging activities in the region. It may potentially become a surrogate species for lower montane forests of the region and thus help protect them against further destruction...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30245728/high-occurrence-of-staphylococcus-aureus-isolated-from-fitness-equipment-from-selected-gymnasiums
#4
Lesley Maurice Bilung, Ahmad Syatir Tahar, Rosdi Kira, Aina Ariffah Mohd Rozali, Kasing Apun
Introduction: Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause of cutaneous bacterial infection involving community. Methods: In this study, a total of 42 swab samples were collected from the surface of various fitness equipment such as back machines, exercise mats, dip stations, dumbbells, and treadmills. Identification of the bacterial isolates was conducted using biochemical tests and further analysed molecularly using the PCR method targeting nuc gene (270 bp). The nuc gene encodes for the thermonuclease enzyme, a virulent factor of S...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30227867/breast-cancer-risk-factors-survival-and-recurrence-and-tumor-molecular-subtype-analysis-of-3012-women-from-an-indigenous-asian-population
#5
Mustapha Abubakar, Hyuna Sung, Devi Bcr, Jennifer Guida, Tieng Swee Tang, Ruth M Pfeiffer, Xiaohong R Yang
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence, mostly from studies in Western populations, suggests that the prognostic effects of lifestyle-related risk factors may be molecular subtype-dependent. Here, we examined whether pre-diagnostic lifestyle-related risk factors for breast cancer are associated with clinical outcomes by molecular subtype among patients from an understudied Asian population. METHODS: In this population-based case series, we evaluated breast cancer risk factors in relation to 10-year all-cause mortality (ACM) and 5-year recurrence by molecular subtype among 3012 women with invasive breast cancer in Sarawak, Malaysia...
September 18, 2018: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30186334/factors-affecting-intention-to-disclose-hiv-status-among-adult-population-in-sarawak-malaysia
#6
Aren Sinedeh Lemin, Md Mizanur Rahman, Cliffton Akoi Pangarah
Background: Disclosure of HIV-positive status is an essential prerequisite for the prevention and care of person living with HIV/AIDS as well as to tackle hidden epidemic in the society. Objective: To determine the intention to disclose the HIV/AIDS status among adult population in Sarawak, Malaysia, and factors affecting thereof. Methods: This cross-sectional community-based study was conducted among adult population aged 18 years and above in Sarawak, Malaysia...
2018: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30127631/-plasmodium-knowlesi-malaria-current-research-perspectives
#7
REVIEW
Amirah Amir, Fei Wen Cheong, Jeremy Ryan de Silva, Jonathan Wee Kent Liew, Yee Ling Lau
Originally known to cause simian malaria, Plasmodium knowlesi is now known as the fifth human malaria species. Since the publishing of a report that largely focused on human knowlesi cases in Sarawak in 2004, many more human cases have been reported in nearly all of the countries in Southeast Asia and in travelers returning from these countries. The zoonotic nature of this infection hinders malaria elimination efforts. In order to grasp the current perspective of knowlesi malaria, this literature review explores the different aspects of the disease including risk factors, diagnosis, treatment, and molecular and functional studies...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30116641/understanding-the-relationship-between-atherogenic-index-of-plasma-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-among-staff-of-an-university-in-malaysia
#8
Myat Su Bo, Whye Lian Cheah, Soe Lwin, Tin Moe Nwe, Than Than Win, Myint Aung
Background: Atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) was found to be one of the strongest markers in predicting the cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. This study was to determine the AIP and its relationship with other CVD risk factors. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was done among 349 staff of a public university in Sarawak. Data were collected using questionnaire, blood sampling, and anthropometric and blood pressure measurement. Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS version 20...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30110367/surveillance-for-respiratory-syncytial-virus-and-parainfluenza-virus-among-patients-hospitalized-with-pneumonia-in-sarawak-malaysia
#9
Jane K Fieldhouse, Teck-Hock Toh, Wei-Honn Lim, Jakie Ting, Siaw-Jing Ha, King-Ching Hii, Cheng-Ing Kong, Toh-Mee Wong, See-Chang Wong, Tyler E Warkentien, Gregory C Gray
BACKGROUND: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and parainfluenza virus (PIV) are frequent causes of pneumonia and death among children at Sibu and Kapit Hospitals in Sarawak, Malaysia. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and risk factors for RSV subtypes A and B and PIV types 1-4 among patients hospitalized with pneumonia. METHODS: In a cross-sectional, pilot study nasopharyngeal swabs were studied with real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction assays...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30060220/morphological-and-molecular-evidence-for-multiple-taxa-in-simulium-parahiyangum-diptera-simuliidae-a-geographic-generalist-black-fly-in-southeast-asia
#10
Hiroyuki Takaoka, Van Lun Low, Wichai Srisuka, Zubaidah Ya'cob, Atiporn Saeung
Seven populations of Simulium parahiyangum Takaoka & Sigit (Diptera: Simuliidae), a geographically widespread nominal species of black fly in Southeast Asia, were morphologically and molecularly studied. Three morphoforms based on male and pupal morphological features, and two primary lineages based on the COI gene sequence analysis were recognized. Morphoform 1 (lineage 1) from Sarawak, Malaysia, is identified as S. parahiyangum sensu stricto and morphoform 2 (lineage 2) from Thailand and Vietnam, and morphoform 3 (lineage 1) from Peninsular Malaysia are each regarded as distinct species, although morphoform 3 is partially homosequential for the COI gene with morphoform 1...
July 27, 2018: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30052648/surveillance-for-respiratory-and-diarrheal-pathogens-at-the-human-pig-interface-in-sarawak-malaysia
#11
Laura K Borkenhagen, Kerry A Mallinson, Rick W Tsao, Siaw-Jing Ha, Wei-Honn Lim, Teck-Hock Toh, Benjamin D Anderson, Jane K Fieldhouse, Sarah E Philo, Kuek-Sen Chong, William G Lindsley, Alejandro Ramirez, James F Lowe, Kristen K Coleman, Gregory C Gray
BACKGROUND: The large livestock operations and dense human population of Southeast Asia are considered a hot-spot for emerging viruses. OBJECTIVES: To determine if the pathogens adenovirus (ADV), coronavirus (CoV), encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV), enterovirus (EV), influenza A-D (IAV, IBV, ICV, and IDV), porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2), and porcine rotaviruses A and C (RVA and RVC), are aerosolized at the animal-interface, and if humans working in these environments are carrying these viruses in their nasal airways...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30041362/human-health-risk-assessment-and-bioaccumulation-of-trace-metals-in-fish-species-collected-from-the-miri-coast-sarawak-borneo
#12
Anandkumar A, Nagarajan R, Prabakaran K, Chua Han Bing, Rajaram R
The concentrations of nine trace metals (Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Rb, Cd, and Pb) were measured in different tissues of two pelagic and five demersal fish species collected from the Miri coast, Sarawak. The sequence of accumulation of trace metals in different tissues were: liver > gill > gonad > muscle. Zn (301.00 μg g-1 ) and Cd (0.10 μg g-1 ) was the maximum and minimum accumulated elements. According to the Hazard Index calculation, none of the elements will pose any adverse health effects to humans for both ingestion rates (normal and habitual fish consumers) proposed by USEPA, except for Pb and Cd in certain fish species...
August 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034179/leptospirosis-seropositivity-and-its-serovars-among-cattle-in-northeastern-malaysia
#13
Aziah Daud, Nik Mohd Hafiz Mohd Fuzi, Mohd Mokhtar Arshad, Suratan Kamarudin, Wan Mohd Zahiruddin Wan Mohammad, Fairuz Amran, Nabilah Ismail
Background: Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease that infects human and livestock which causes economic losses to the farmers. It has been reported as one of the causes of reproductive failure in cattle and other ruminants, determining abortions, stillbirth, weak newborns, and decrease in their growth rate and milk production. Aim: The objectives of this study were to determine the leptospirosis seroprevalence and to identify the predominant infecting serovars among cattle...
June 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30023021/impact-of-printed-antimicrobial-stewardship-recommendations-on-early-intravenous-to-oral-antibiotics-switch-practice-in-district-hospitals
#14
Wei T Sze, Mei C Kong
Background: Early intravenous to oral (IV-PO) antibiotics switch, which is one of the important elements in antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) is not well implemented in Malaysian district hospitals. A systematic interventional strategy is required to facilitate IV-PO antibiotic switch. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of printed AMS recommendations on early IV-PO antibiotics switch practice in district hospitals. Methods: This study was an interventional study conducted in medical wards of eight Sarawak district hospitals from May to August 2015...
April 2018: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915434/inadequate-water-treatment-quality-as-assessed-by-protozoa-removal-in-sarawak-malaysia
#15
Nguk Ting Lo, Mohammad Abul Bashar Sarker, Yvonne Ai Lian Lim, Md Harun-Or-Rashid, Junichi Sakamoto
Providing safe drinking-water to human civilization is indispensable; it is one of the most cost-effective means of reducing the disease burden of diarrhea. Unfortunately, water supply quality monitoring from public water treatment plants (WTPs) is often neglected or taken for granted. To determine the produced water quality, WTPs in Sarawak, Malaysia were assessed for their protozoa removal ability. A self-administered questionnaire based on the regulations in the Drinking-water Standards for New Zealand (DWSNZ) was developed...
May 2018: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29874227/rare-late-pleistocene-early-holocene-human-mandibles-from-the-niah-caves-sarawak-borneo
#16
Darren Curnoe, Ipoi Datan, Jian-Xin Zhao, Charles Leh Moi Ung, Maxime Aubert, Mohammed S Sauffi, Goh Hsiao Mei, Raynold Mendoza, Paul S C Taçon
The skeletal remains of Late Pleistocene-early Holocene humans are exceptionally rare in island Southeast Asia. As a result, the identity and physical adaptations of the early inhabitants of the region are poorly known. One archaeological locality that has historically been important for understanding the peopling of island Southeast Asia is the Niah Caves in the northeast of Borneo. Here we present the results of direct Uranium-series dating and the first published descriptions of three partial human mandibles from the West Mouth of the Niah Caves recovered during excavations by the Harrissons in 1957...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871651/effectiveness-and-sustainability-of-a-structured-group-based-educational-program-medihealth-in-improving-medication-adherence-among-malay-patients-with-underlying-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-sarawak-state-of-malaysia-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled
#17
Chuo Yew Ting, Shahren Ahmad Zaidi Adruce, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Hiram Ting, Chien Joo Lim, Rachel Sing-Kiat Ting, Abu Hassan Alshaari Abd Jabar, Nor Anizah Osman, Izzul Syazwan Shuib, Shing Chyi Loo, Sui Theng Sim, Su Ee Lim, Donald E Morisky
BACKGROUND: Amidst the high disease burden, non-adherence to medications among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has been reported to be common and devastating. Sarawak Pharmaceutical Services Division has formulated a pharmacist-led, multiple-theoretical-grounding, culturally sensitive and structured group-based program, namely "Know Your Medicine - Take if for Health" (MEDIHEALTH), to improve medication adherence among Malay patients with T2DM. However, to date, little is known about the effectiveness and sustainability of the Program...
June 5, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29857727/whistle-description-of-irrawaddy-dolphins-orcaella-brevirostris-in-bay-of-brunei-sarawak-malaysia
#18
Hairul Masrini Muhamad, Xiaomei Xu, Xuelei Zhang, Saifullah Arifin Jaaman, Azmi Marzuki Muda
Studies of Irrawaddy dolphins' acoustics assist in understanding the behaviour of the species and thereby conservation of this species. Whistle signals emitted by Irrawaddy dolphin within the Bay of Brunei in Malaysian waters were characterized. A total of 199 whistles were analysed from seven sightings between January and April 2016. Six types of whistles contours named constant, upsweep, downsweep, concave, convex, and sine were detected when the dolphins engaged in traveling, foraging, and socializing activities...
May 2018: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796204/hypertension-and-its-association-with-anthropometric-indices-among-students-in-a-public-university
#19
W L Cheah, J Majorie Ensayan, H Helmy, C T Chang
Introduction: The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of hypertension and its association with nutritional status (body mass index, body fat percentage, and visceral fat) among students in a public university in Sarawak, Malaysia. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study among undergraduate students aged 18 years old and above. Anthropometric measurements, such as weight, height, body composition, and blood pressure measurements, were collected. Hypertension was defined as equal or more than 140/90 mmHg...
2018: Malaysian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736396/genetic-diversity-of-aromatic-rice-germplasm-revealed-by-ssr-markers
#20
Saba Jasim Aljumaili, M Y Rafii, M A Latif, Siti Zaharah Sakimin, Ibrahim Wasiu Arolu, Gous Miah
Aromatic rice cultivars constitute a small but special group of rice and are considered the best in terms of quality and aroma. Aroma is one of the most significant quality traits of rice, and variety with aroma has a higher price in the market. This research was carried out to study the genetic diversity among the 50 aromatic rice accessions from three regions (Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah, and Sarawak) with 3 released varieties as a control using the 32 simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers. The objectives of this research were to quantify the genetic divergence of aromatic rice accessions using SSR markers and to identify the potential accessions for introgression into the existing rice breeding program...
2018: BioMed Research International
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