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Sports competency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068152/effect-of-exposure-type-and-timing-of-injuries-in-division-i-college-football-a-4-year-single-program-analysis
#1
Michael K Krill, James R Borchers, Joshua T Hoffman, Rachel L Tatarski, Timothy E Hewett
BACKGROUND: Football players compete with a high risk of injury due to the sport. With the recent efforts to improve safety, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) established new terminology to clearly define exposure types and reduce the number of high contact exposures. OBJECTIVES: To compare football injury rates (IR) with a focus on game versus practice, time in season of injury, mechanism of injury and utilizing recent exposure types defined by the NCAA (live contact, full-pads and non-contact)...
January 9, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039126/are-olympic-athletes-free-from-cardiovascular-diseases-systematic-investigation-in-2352-participants-from-athens-2004-to-sochi-2014
#2
Antonio Pelliccia, Paolo Emilio Adami, Filippo Quattrini, Maria Rosaria Squeo, Stefano Caselli, Luisa Verdile, Viviana Maestrini, Fernando Di Paolo, Cataldo Pisicchio, Roberto Ciardo, Antonio Spataro
CONTEXT: Olympic athletes represent model of success in our society, by enduring strenuous conditioning programmes and achieving astonishing performances. They also raise scientific and clinical interest, with regard to medical care and prevalence of cardiovascular (CV) abnormalities. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to assess the prevalence and type of CV abnormalities in this selected athlete's cohort. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 2352 Olympic athletes, mean age 25±6, 64% men, competing in 31 summer or 15 winter sports, were examined with history, physical examination, 12-lead and exercise ECG and echocardiography...
December 30, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019093/creatine-and-creatine-forms-intended-for-sports-nutrition
#3
REVIEW
Susanne Andres, Rainer Ziegenhagen, Iris Trefflich, Sophie Pevny, Katharina Schultrich, Hans Braun, Wilhelm Schänzer, Karen Ildico Hirsch-Ernst, Bernd Schäfer, Alfonso Lampen
Creatine is a popular ergogenic supplement in sports nutrition. Yet, supplementation of creatine occasionally caused adverse effects such as gastrointestinal complaints, muscle cramps and an increase in body weight. Creatine monohydrate has already been evaluated by different competent authorities and several have come to the conclusion that a daily intake of 3 g creatine per person is unlikely to pose safety concerns, focusing on healthy adults with exclusion of pregnant and breastfeeding women. Possible vulnerable subgroups were also discussed in relation to the safety of creatine...
December 25, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000283/maturational-and-social-factors-contributing-to-relative-age-effects-in-school-sports-data-from-the-london-youth-games
#4
K E Reed, D A Parry, G R H Sandercock
Few studies have investigated whether relative age effects (RAEs) exist in school sport. None have sought to test the competing maturational and social-agent hypotheses proposed to explain the RAE. We aimed to determine the presence of RAEs in multiple school sports and examine the contribution of maturational and social factors in commonplace school sports. We analyzed birth dates of n=10645 competitors (11-18 years) in the 2013 London Youth Games annual inter-school multisport competition and calculated odds ratio (OR) for students competing based on their yearly birth quarter (Q1-Q4)...
December 20, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996378/fast-early-recovery-after-transabdominal-preperitoneal-repair-in-athletes-with-sportsman-s-groin-a-prospective-clinical-cohort-study
#5
Herwig Pokorny, Christoph Resinger, Ines Fischer, Veit Lorenz, Helge Noske, Stefan Podar, Friedrich Längle, Rudolf Schrittwieser
BACKGROUND: Current literature on chronic groin pain suggests that laparoscopic mesh repair on athletes enables a faster recovery and subsequent return to unrestricted athletic activities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) mesh repair in athletes resistant to conservative therapy. METHODS: A multidisciplinary approach with tailored physiotherapy. Thirty-nine professional athletes with chronic groin pain were referred to surgery at a single clinic...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992289/athlete-s-perception-of-athletic-trainer-empathy-how-important-is-it
#6
Shannon David, Mary Larson
CONTEXT: Health care practitioners face increasing expectations to provide patient-centered care. Communication skills, specifically empathy, are critical in the provision of patient-centered care. Past work correlates empathy with improved patient satisfaction, compliance and treatment outcomes. In particular, a predictive relationship exists between clients' ratings of their clinician's empathy and treatment outcomes. There is a dearth of studies examining empathy using qualitative methodology and factors of empathy in athletic training...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984832/-injuries-in-karate-sports-a-survey-performed-during-the-world-championship-2014
#7
T Tischer, B Lembcke, M Ellenrieder, Ä Glass, W Weigert, W Mittelmeier
Background: In literature, the competitive sport of modern karate is almost always characterised as a combat sport involving injuries caused by impact effects and physical contact with opponents. There is a lack of data regarding the outcome after karate injuries, specifically with a view to the contact-free Kata karate. Methods: Performing a random test using a questionnaire, we collected data concerning regular medical treatment, prior surgeries of the locomotor system, and medical care. This study included 300 athletes from 65 countries (average age: 24...
December 2016: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933031/exhaustion-experiences-in-junior-athletes-the-importance-of-motivation-and-self-control-competencies
#8
Gro Jordalen, Pierre-Nicolas Lemyre, Natalie Durand-Bush
Quality of motivation, self-control competencies, as well as past performance experience influence sport participation outcomes in developing athletes. Studies have shown that junior athletes high in self-determined motivation are less prone to experience burnout, while self-control competencies help developing athletes to be conscious and deliberate in their self-regulatory efforts toward elite sport performances and avoid negative sport participation outcomes. Combining the self-determination theory framework and psychosocial theories of self-regulation, the aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine how various types of motivation and self-control competencies together are associated with the development of burnout symptoms in junior athletes...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928136/evaluation-of-the-comprehensive-health-program-sumida-take10-for-community-dwelling-older-adults-which-aims-to-prevent-or-delay-the-need-for-long-term-nursing-care
#9
Mika Kimura, Ai Moriyasu, Shu Kumagai, Taketo Furuna
Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate the comprehensive health program "Sumida TAKE10!", which aims to improve dietary habits and promote physical activity among community-dwelling older adults including the pre-frail elderly. This study has been ongoing since 2005 in Sumida Ward, Tokyo with the ultimate aim of preventing or delaying the need for long-term nursing care. We used the term "pre-frail elderly" for older adults who are at risk of requiring long-term care.Methods "Sumida TAKE10!" consists of a general lecture in a public hall followed by 5 educational sessions biweekly at 4-6 community centers...
2016: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918659/importance-of-various-training-load-measures-on-injury-incidence-of-professional-rugby-league-athletes
#10
Heidi R Thornton, Jace A Delaney, Grant M Duthie, Ben J Dascombe
PURPOSE: To investigate the ability of various internal and external training load (TL) monitoring measures to predict injury incidence amongst positional groups within professional rugby league athletes. METHODS: TL and injury data were collected across 3 seasons (2013-2015) from twenty-five players competing in the National Rugby League competition. Daily TL data were included in the analysis, including session rating of perceived exertion (sRPE-TL), total distance (TD), high-speed running distance (HSD; >5m·s(-1)) and high-metabolic power distance (HPD; >20 W·kg(-1))...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918655/activity-profiles-and-positional-differences-of-handball-players-during-the-world-championships-in-qatar-2015
#11
Marco Cardinale, Rodney Whiteley, Ahmed Abdelrahman Hosny, Nebojsa Popovic
PURPOSE: Handball is an Olympic sport played indoor by 6 court players and one goalkeeper with rolling substitutions. Limited data exist on elite players competing in a World Championship and virtually no information exits on the evolution of time-motion performance over the course of a long tournament. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze time motion characteristics of elite male handball players of the last World Championships played in Qatar in 2015. METHODS: 384 Players from 24 national teams were analyzed during 88 matches using a tracking camera system and a bespoke software (Prozone Handball V...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900293/combined-use-of-platelet-rich-plasma-micro-fat-in-sport-and-race-horses-with-degenerative-joint-disease-preliminary-clinical-study-in-eight-horses
#12
Fabrizio Bembo, Julia Eraud, Cecile Philandrianos, Baptiste Bertrand, Alain Silvestre, Julie Veran, Florence Sabatier, Guy Magalon, Jeremy Magalon
BACKGROUND: To assess the safety and potential efficacy of a standardized technique consisting of intra-articular injection of 10 cc of a homogeneous mixed product using autologous micro-fat and platelet rich plasma (PRP) (ratio 1:1) in the carpus or the fetlock joint of sport horses presenting degenerative joint disease (DJD). METHODS: Eight sport horses with DJD confirmed by radiography and ultrasonography and causing lameness and the impossibility to compete were treated...
April 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900182/concussion-reporting-behaviours-of-community-college-student-athletes-and-limits-of-transferring-concussion-knowledge-during-the-stress-of-competition
#13
Nancy Resendes Chinn, Paul Porter
: Concussion education for student-athletes is mandated by several states and is becoming an integral component of concussion management programmes; however, little is known about student-athlete concussion knowledge and self-reporting of suspected concussion. This study explored to what extent collegiate student-athletes are knowledgeable on the topic of concussion, the relationship between having concussion knowledge and reporting behaviours, and factors contributing to not reporting when education has been provided...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900160/the-relationship-between-visual-function-and-performance-in-rifle-shooting-for-athletes-with-vision-impairment
#14
Joy Myint, Keziah Latham, David Mann, Phil Gomersall, Arnold J Wilkins, Peter M Allen
BACKGROUND: Paralympic sports provide opportunities for those who have an impairment that might otherwise be a barrier to participation in regular sporting competition. Rifle shooting represents an ideal sport for persons with vision impairment (VI) because the direction of the rifle can be guided by auditory information when vision is impaired. However, it is unknown whether those with some remaining vision when shooting with auditory guidance would be at an advantage when compared with those with no vision at all...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900156/sports-injuries-and-ill-health-episodes-in-the-cali-2013-world-games
#15
Paulo José Llinás, Rafael Fernando Serrano, Laureano Quintero Barrera, Juan Carlos Quiceno Noguera, Juan Pablo Martinez Cano
BACKGROUND: The World Games is a multisport event, second in importance only to the Olympic Games. Systematic surveillance of injuries and ill-health episodes is an essential part of modern integral healthcare given to athletes. AIM: To describe and analyse injuries and ill-health episodes affecting competitors during the Cali World Games 2013. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of injuries and ill-health episodes suffered by competing athletes...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893472/correspondence-between-physical-self-concept-and-participation-in-and-fitness-change-after-bi-weekly-body-conditioning-classes-in-sedentary-women
#16
Ulrika Aasa, Johan Paulin, Guy Madison
The aims of the study were (1) to investigate the effects of participation in low impact body conditioning classes on physical fitness in sedentary women at different ages and (2) to examine the correspondence between physical self-concept and participation in, and fitness change after, the participation. Ninety-two sedentary women (mean age 44.2 years) participated in 11-weeks of bi-weekly classes that included cardiovascular, strength, core, endurance and mobility exercises, all performed in synchrony with music...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882607/fear-of-failure-psychological-stress-and-burnout-among-adolescent-athletes-competing-in-high-level-sport
#17
H Gustafsson, S S Sagar, A Stenling
The purpose of this study was to investigate fear of failure in highly competitive junior athletes and the association with psychological stress and burnout. In total 258 athletes (152 males and 108 females) ranged in age from 15 to 19 years (M = 17.4 years, SD = 1.08) participated. Athletes competed in variety of sports including both team and individual sports. Results showed in a variable-oriented approach using regression analyses that one dimension, fear of experiencing shame and embarrassment had a statistically significant effect on perceived psychological stress and one dimension of burnout, reduced sense of accomplishment...
November 23, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879423/structure-and-profiles-of-basic-motor-competencies-in-the-third-grade-validation-of-the-test-instrument-mobak-3
#18
Christian Herrmann, Harald Seelig
Basic motor competencies are defined as motor performance dispositions that evolve from specific requirements in sports and exercise. After validating the MOBAK-1 instrument for first graders, we developed the MOBAK-3 for the assessment of basic motor competencies in third graders. We investigated the factorial and diagnostic validity of this instrument in a sample of 323 children (age: M = 9.2 years, SD = .39; sex: boys, n = 158, girls, n = 165). A confirmatory factor analysis verified the theoretical structure with the two factors Locomotion and Object Control...
November 21, 2016: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870795/achieving-equity-in-physical-activity-participation-acsm-experience-and-next-steps
#19
Rebecca E Hasson, David R Brown, Joan Dorn, Lisa Barkley, Carol Torgan, Melicia Whitt-Glover, Barbara Ainsworth, NiCole Keith
There is clear and consistent evidence that regular physical activity is an important component of healthy lifestyles, and fundamental to promoting health and preventing disease. Despite the known benefits of physical activity participation, many people in the United States (US) remain inactive. More specifically, physical activity behavior is socially patterned with lower participation rates among women, racial/ethnic minorities, sexual minority youth, individuals with less education, persons with physical, mental and cognitive disabilities, individuals > 65 years of age, and those living in the southeast region of the US...
November 19, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865722/effect-of-sex-and-sporting-discipline-on-lv%C3%A2-adaptation-to-exercise
#20
Gherardo Finocchiaro, Harshil Dhutia, Andrew D'Silva, Aneil Malhotra, Alexandros Steriotis, Lynne Millar, Keerthi Prakash, Rajay Narain, Michael Papadakis, Rajan Sharma, Sanjay Sharma
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the effect of different types of exercise on left ventricular (LV) geometry in a large group of female and male athletes. BACKGROUND: Studies assessing cardiac adaptation in female and male athletes indicate that female athletes reveal smaller increases in LV wall thickness and cavity size compared with male athletes. However, data on sex-specific changes in LV geometry in athletes are scarce. METHODS: A total of 1,083 healthy, elite, white athletes (41% female; mean age 21...
November 11, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
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