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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900235/data-concerning-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-profile-of-emotional-competence-questionnaire-administered-to-a-sample-of-athletes-and-non-athletes
#1
Hajer Aouani, Maamer Slimani, Sabeur Hamrouni, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Mohamed Elloumi
Emotional Intelligence (EI) can be defined as an "ability to monitor one's own and others' feelings and emotions, to discriminate among them and to use this information to guide one's thinking and actions" (Salovey and Mayer, 1990) [1]. As such EI plays a major role in sport sciences. Studies conducted so far have shown contrasting findings. The paper contains data concerning the psychometric properties of the "Profile of Emotional Competence" questionnaire administered to a sample of 479 subjects (239 athletes, 240 non-athletes, age ranging from 12 to 18 years old, 239 men, and 240 women) in order: i) to explore EI between athletes and non-athletes students and ii) to examine differences in EI of young participants in terms of gender and age...
June 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899703/anthropometry-body-composition-and-performance-in-sport-specific-field-test-in-female-wheelchair-basketball-players
#2
Valentina Cavedon, Carlo Zancanaro, Chiara Milanese
Data on the physical and performance characteristics of female wheelchair basketball (WB) players are scarce. In several countries female WB players train and compete with male players on mixed teams due to the limited total population of players, which would otherwise lead to large territorial spread for each team. Any differences in terms of physical characteristics and/or WB skill proficiency between male and female WB players would be relevant to team performance in mixed teams. This work examined anthropometry, body composition, and performance in a set of sport-specific field tests in a sample of 13 female WB players representing about 40% of the eligible population in Italy across a range of functional point scores (Point)...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895234/progression-in-running-intensity-or-running-volume-and-the-development-of-specific-injuries-in-recreational-runners-run-clever-a-randomized-trial-using-competing-risks
#3
Daniel Ramskov, Sten Rasmussen, Henrik Sørensen, Erik Thorlund Parner, Martin Lind, Rasmus Nielsen
Study Design Randomized clinical trial, etiology. Background Training intensity and volume have been proposed to be associated with specific running-related injuries. If such an association exists, secondary preventive measures could be initiated by clinicians based on symptoms of a specific injury diagnosis. Objectives To test the following hypotheses: (i) A running schedule focusing on intensity will increase the risk of sustaining Achilles tendinopathy, gastrocnemius injuries and plantar fasciitis compared with hypothesized volume-related injuries...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893834/competing-teammates-food-in-new-zealand-sports-settings
#4
Mary-Ann Carter, Louise N Signal, Richard Edwards, Janet Hoek
Despite the global popularity of sport, we know surprisingly little about food in sports settings. This two-phased study analysed the foods available in New Zealand sports settings. Phase one included a systematic literature review and 18 interviews with key informants from national and regional sporting organizations. Phase two involved 37 key informant interviews with stakeholders from two exemplar sports, rugby and netball and direct observations at netball and rugby venues. This study found most foods and beverages at New Zealand sports events were energy-dense and nutrient-poor...
June 9, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867672/associations-between-motivation-and-mental-health-in-sport-a-test-of-the-hierarchical-model-of-intrinsic-and-extrinsic-motivation
#5
Rachel B Sheehan, Matthew P Herring, Mark J Campbell
Motivation has been the subject of much research in the sport psychology literature, whereas athlete mental health has received limited attention. Motivational complexities in elite sport are somewhat reflected in the mental health literature, where there is evidence for both protective and risk factors for athletes. Notably, few studies have linked motivation to mental health. Therefore, the key objective of this study was to test four mental health outcomes in the motivational sequence posited by the Hierarchical Model of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation: motivational climate → basic psychological needs → motivation → mental health outcomes...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849565/functional-role-of-internal-and-external-visual-imagery-preliminary-evidences-from-pilates
#6
Simone Montuori, Giuseppe Curcio, Pierpaolo Sorrentino, Lidia Belloni, Giuseppe Sorrentino, Francesca Foti, Laura Mandolesi
The present study investigates whether a functional difference between the visualization of a sequence of movements in the perspective of the first- ( internal VMI-I) or third- ( external VMI-E) person exists, which might be relevant to promote learning. By using a mental chronometry experimental paradigm, we have compared the time or execution, imagination in the VMI-I perspective, and imagination in the VMI-E perspective of two kinds of Pilates exercises. The analysis was carried out in individuals with different levels of competence (expert, novice, and no-practice individuals)...
2018: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29809103/decision-making-influences-tibial-impact-accelerations-during-lateral-cutting
#7
Logan A Lucas, Benjamin S England, Travis W Mason, Christopher R Lanning, Taylor M Miller, Alexander M Morgan, Thomas G Almonroeder
Lower extremity musculoskeletal injuries are common in sports such as basketball and soccer. Athletes competing in sports of this nature must maneuver in response to the actions of their teammates, opponents, etc. This limits their ability to pre-plan movements. The purpose of this study was to compare impact accelerations during pre-planned vs. un-planned lateral cutting. Thirty subjects (15 males, 15 females) performed pre-planned and un-planned cuts while we analyzed impact accelerations using an accelerometer secured to their tibia...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804952/clinical-outcomes-and-recurrence-rates-after-arthroscopic-stabilization-procedures-in-young-patients-with-a-glenoid-bone-erosion-a-comparative-study-between-glenoid-erosion-more-and-less-than-20
#8
In Park, Chan-Jae Park, Jae-Hoo Lee, Hwan-Sub Hyun, Jin-Young Park, Sang-Jin Shin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical outcomes and recurrence rates of arthroscopic stabilization procedures in young patients who had recurrent anterior shoulder instability with a glenoid bone erosion more than 20%, and to compare with those in patients with a glenoid bone erosion less than 20%. METHODS: A total of 161 patients who underwent an arthroscopic stabilization procedure for recurrent anterior shoulder instability with anterior glenoid bone erosions and at least 2 years of follow-up were included...
May 24, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804220/trash-talking-and-trolling
#9
Kevin M Kniffin, Dylan Palacio
Among the extra-physical aspects of team sports, the ways in which players talk to each other are among the more colorful but understudied dimensions of competition. To contribute an empirical basis for examining the nature of "trash talk," we present the results of a study of 291 varsity athletes who compete in the top division among US universities. Based on a preliminary review of trash-talk topics among student-athletes, we asked participants to indicate the frequency with which they have communicated or heard others talk about opposing players' athleticism, playing ability, physical appearance, boyfriends, girlfriends, sexual behavior, parents, and home institution during competitions...
May 26, 2018: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791977/no-association-between-rate-of-torque-development-and-onset-of-muscle-activity-with-increased-risk-of-hamstring-injury-in-elite-football
#10
Nicol van Dyk, Roald Bahr, Angus F Burnett, Evert Verhagen, Damien von Tiggelen, Erik Witvrouw
INTRODUCTION: Hamstring injuries remain a significant burden in sports that involve high speed running. In elite male football, hamstring injury has repeatedly been identified as the most common noncontact injury, representing 12% of all injuries. As the incidence remains high, investigations are aimed at better understanding how to improve prevention efforts. Intrinsic risk factors such as strength have been investigated extensively in a cohort of professional football players; however, other intrinsic measures of neuromuscular function have not been studied in this cohort...
May 23, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790834/interference-between-competing-motor-memories-developed-through-learning-with-different-limbs
#11
Neeraj Kumar, Adarsh Kumar, Bhoomika Sonane, Pratik K Mutha
Learning from motor errors that occur across different limbs is essential for effective tool use, sports training and rehabilitation. To probe the neural organization of error-driven learning across limbs, we asked whether learning opposing visuomotor mappings with the two arms would interfere. Young right-handers first adapted to opposite visuomotor rotations A and B with different arms, and were then re-exposed to A 24 hours later. We observed that re-learning of A was never faster, nor were initial errors smaller than prior A learning, which would be expected if there was no interference from B...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786625/differences-in-glenohumeral-joint-rotation-and-peak-power-output-between-super-league-and-championship-rugby-league-players
#12
Matthew R Haines
Haines, MR. Differences in glenohumeral joint rotation and peak power output between Super League and Championship Rugby League players. J Strength Cond Res 32(6): 1685-1691, 2018-Rugby league is a high-intensity sport with large impact forces sustained during play, resulting in high prevalence of shoulder injury. Consequently, shoulder strength and player power are important considerations for injury prevention and performance. Additionally, professional teams regularly compete against semiprofessional teams, where differences in physical conditioning could be marked...
June 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772188/hamstring-and-ankle-flexibility-deficits-are-weak-risk-factors-for-hamstring-injury-in-professional-soccer-players-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-438-players-including-78-injuries
#13
Nicol van Dyk, Abdulaziz Farooq, Roald Bahr, Erik Witvrouw
BACKGROUND: Hamstring injuries remain a significant injury burden in sports such as soccer that involve high-speed running. It has repeatedly been identified as the most common noncontact injury in elite male soccer, representing 12% of all injuries. As the incidence of hamstring injuries remains high, investigations are aimed at better understanding how to prevent hamstring injuries. Stretching to improve flexibility is commonly used in elite-level sports, but risk factor studies have reported contradicting results, leading to unclear conclusions regarding flexibility as a risk factor for hamstring injuries...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752704/university-sports-rivalries-provide-insights-on-coalitional-psychology-territorial-context-influences-reactions-to-vocal-signals-of-allegiance
#14
Daniel J Kruger, Michael Falbo, Sophie Blanchard, Ethan Cole, Camille Gazoul, Noreen Nader, Shannon Murphy
Sports are an excellent venue for demonstrating evolutionary principles to audiences not familiar with academic research. Team sports and sports fandom feature dynamics of in-group loyalty and intergroup competition, influenced by our evolved coalitional psychology. We predicted that reactions to expressions signaling mutual team/group allegiance would vary as a function of the territorial context. Reactions should become more prevalent, positive, and enthusiastic as one moves from the home territory to a contested area, and from a contested area to a rival's territory during active rival engagement...
May 11, 2018: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730745/the-heart-of-the-matter-years-saved-from-cardiovascular-and-cancer-deaths-in-an-elite-athlete-cohort-with-over-a-century-of-follow-up
#15
Juliana Antero-Jacquemin, Maja Pohar-Perme, Grégoire Rey, Jean-François Toussaint, Aurélien Latouche
To quantify the years of life saved from cardiovascular (CVD), cancer and overall deaths among elite athletes according to their main type of physiological effort performed in the Olympic Games. All French athletes participating in the Games from 1912 to 2012, with vital status validated and cause of death (if concerned) identified by the national registries were included (n = 2814, 455 died) and classified according to 6 groups of effort: POWER (continuous effort < 45 s); INTERMEDIATE (45 s ≤ continuous effort < 600 s); ENDURANCE (continuous effort ≥ 600 s); POLYVALENT (participating in different events entering different classifications), INTERMITTENT (intermittent effort, i...
May 5, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722254/assessing-the-use-of-psychological-skills-by-sports-category-and-the-relation-with-sports-performance-satisfaction
#16
David Tomé-Lourido, Constantino Arce, Ángel Vales-Vázquez, Dolores Ponte
BACKGROUND: The evaluation of psychological skills by athletes and their relationship with sports performance and satisfaction has been of great interest in recent decades. Likewise, there has been an emergent tendency to focus on developing specific psychological skills for each sport. The principal aim of this study was to determine the frequency with which athletes deploy psychological skills whilst competing and whether their frequency varies in accordance with the technical, tactical and physical characteristics of the sport in question...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722250/the-effects-of-8-weeks-of-two-different-training-methods-on-on-sight-lead-climbing-performance
#17
Marc Philippe, Ingo Filzwieser, Veronika Leichtfried, Cornelia Blank, Simon Haslinger, Johannes Fleckenstein, Wolfgang Schobersberger
BACKGROUND: Despite climbing being an increasingly popular sporting pursuit, there have been very few scientific evaluations of appropriate training methods for competitive climbers. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of an 8-week climbing-specific muscular hypertrophy (MH) or muscular endurance (ME) resistance training program on the on-sight lead climbing performance in a similar setting to a world cup. METHODS: Twenty-three elite male and female climbers (age: 25...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694677/interseason-variability-in-isokinetic-strength-and-poor-correlation-with-nordic-hamstring-eccentric-strength-in-football-players
#18
Nicol van Dyk, Erik Witvrouw, Roald Bahr
INTRODUCTION: In elite sport, the use of strength testing to establish muscle function and performance is common. Traditionally, isokinetic strength tests have been used, measuring torque during concentric and eccentric muscle action. A device that measures eccentric hamstring muscle strength while performing the Nordic hamstring exercise is now also frequently used. The study aims to investigate the variability of isokinetic muscle strength over time, e.g. between seasons, and the relationship between isokinetic testing and the new Nordic hamstring exercise device...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693460/from-core-belief-challenge-to-posttraumatic-growth-in-para-sport-athletes-moderated-mediation-by-needs-satisfaction-and-deliberate-rumination
#19
Chris Hammer, Leslie Podlog, Ross Wadey, Nick Galli, Anjali J Forber-Pratt, Maria Newton
PURPOSE: To examine how deliberate rumination and psychological need satisfaction interact to facilitate posttraumatic growth for para sport athletes with acquired disability. METHODS: Utilizing a sample of 70 para sport athletes, the hypothesized mediating role of deliberate rumination was examined via a simple mediation model. The interaction between needs satisfaction and deliberate rumination and their effect on posttraumatic growth was examined utilizing a moderated mediation procedure...
April 25, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689117/relative-age-effects-in-international-age-group-championships-a-study-of-spanish-track-and-field-athletes
#20
Javier Brazo-Sayavera, María Asunción Martínez-Valencia, Lisa Müller, Georgios Andronikos, Russell J J Martindale
The relative age effect is a well-researched phenomenon, however there is still a dearth of understanding in track and field and female sport. This study investigated the role of relative age on selection for international competition of Spanish age group athletes between 2006-2014. Six hundred and forty two athletes competed for Spain at U20 or U18 age group international competition (n = 359 males; 283 females) across 9 years. The birthdates of these athletes were compared against the population of registered athletes at that time (14,502 males; 10,096 females)...
2018: PloS One
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