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emergency sports

Jorge César Correia, Olivia Braillard, Christophe Combescure, Eric Gerstel, Hervé Spechbach
BACKGROUND: Literature provides mixed results regarding the influence of large-scale sporting events on emergency department attendance. To contribute to the research on the subject, we sought to evaluate whether the broadcasting of major tennis tournaments, one of the most popular sports in Switzerland, has an impact on patient admission rates in emergency units in Geneva including 1) type of match 2) the role of a Swiss player, 3) degree of triage, 4) reason of attendance and 5) age of patients...
December 13, 2018: BMC Emergency Medicine
Shannon S C Herrick, Lindsay R Duncan
LGBTQ+ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, etc.) individuals face an array of challenges to physical activity participation, such as discrimination and exclusion. The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of LGBTQ+ experiences in physical activity. Eight focus groups of LGBTQ+ individuals (N = 42) were conducted using a semistructured interview guide, and broad discussions about personal physical activity experiences were encouraged. All focus groups were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and subject to thematic analysis...
December 12, 2018: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
Micah Lamb, Andrew W Kuhn, Michele LaBotz, Alex B Diamond
Youth athletics can provide numerous benefits to children. Until recently, athletics have been relatively free from scrutiny over the ways they put participants at risk. While it was often disregarded in early childhood research, athletics emerged as an avenue of child abuse in the 1980s. Individual cases reporting maltreatment of children participating in sports certainly existed, but these were felt to be single instances, not sentinel events. By the 1990s a small body of research had been established showing a pattern of abuse, spurring sporting organizations and governing bodies to assess their own policies and produce rough standards for safeguarding children against abuse...
December 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
Matthieu Heidet, Abdel Abdel Wahab, Vahid Ebadi, Yann Cogne, Charlotte Chollet-Xemard, Mehdi Khellaf
BACKGROUND: Bodybuilding is a demanding sport, which requires high-volume, high-resistance weight training and augmented nutritional intake, toward an increase of overall body muscle mass accompanied by an overall decrease of body fat percentage and mass. Among bodybuilders, the use of various legal and illegal supplements is common. These supplements may be naturally occurring or man-made. CASE REPORT: We discuss the case of a 30-year-old male bodybuilder presenting with coma due to severe hypoglycemia from unknown cause, necessitating iterative glucose infusions, which was subsequently found to be related to cryptic insulin injections...
December 6, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Gina M Allen
Ultrasound is being used by sports physicians in their daily practice to problem solve, but there is still a reluctance for some radiologists to embrace this technique. It has become the "stethoscope" of the sports physician as it is freely available to have in the office setting (Tok, et al. [1]). This has been made possible by advances in technology making it cheaper and more affordable. In the United Kingdom, ultrasound has been performed by sports physicians, rheumatologists, surgeons, physiotherapists, podiatrists, anaesthetists, neurologists and emergency care physicians...
December 2018: European Journal of Radiology
Adrian E Bauman, Katrina Blazek, Lindsey Reece, William Bellew
BACKGROUND: The Mamil (middle-aged man in Lycra) appears to be an emergent cycling-focused species. OBJECTIVES: To explore the nature and distribution of the Mamilian species; to determine whether rates of cycling by middle-aged men in Australia have changed since the pre-Mamilian era. SETTING: Secondary analysis of representative population-based datasets. National sport participation data from the Exercise, Recreation and Sport (2002-2004, 2008-2010) and Ausplay surveys (2016) were analysed to assess trends in recreational and exercise-related cycling, including by middle-aged men (45-64 years of age)...
December 10, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
Marion Hubbard, F Michael Davis, Kate Malcolm, Scott J Mitchell
INTRODUCTION: Health and safety within the recreational diving industry are poorly described. We aimed to obtain the true prevalence of decompression illness (DCI) and other diving and non-diving injuries, including occupational injuries, in a large recreational diving charter operation. METHODS: A New Zealand recreational diving operator keeps detailed records of diving activity and event/incident reports. We extracted passenger and crew numbers, dive numbers and incident statistics from all boat trips and associated work-related injuries between 01 January 2008 and 31 December 2014...
December 24, 2018: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
Brian Glenney, Steve Mull
Skateboarding poses a unique case study for considering the place of sport in human activity. The bulk of skateboarding scholarship argues that skateboarding is largely a subversion of rule governance, a view difficult to square with common and popular rule-governed skateboarding competitions, now including the Olympics. We attempt to resolve this tension by arguing for a kind of pluralism: skateboarding's engagement in rule-governed competition is distinctly subversive, yielding the claim that skateboarding is both sport and subversion...
December 2018: Journal of Sport and Social Issues
Alicia L Zagel, Gretchen J Cutler, Amy M Linabery, Alicen B Spaulding, Anupam B Kharbanda
BACKGROUND: Unintentional injuries are the leading cause of youth morbidity. However, limited nationally representative data are available to characterize the occurrence of unintentional injuries at US schools. Given this paucity, we characterized secular trends in unintentional injuries at schools that led to emergency department (ED) visits. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System-All Injury Program from 2001 to 2013 compared injuries occurring at schools to injuries occurring elsewhere in youth ages 5-18 years...
January 2019: Journal of School Health
Nicholas J Lemme, Neill Y Li, Steven F DeFroda, Justin Kleiner, Brett D Owens
Background: Achilles tendon (AT) ruptures are one of the most common tendon ruptures, but there have been no studies investigating these injuries in the United States (US) using data representative of the entire US population. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and risk factors for AT ruptures in the US. We hypothesized that male sex, older age, and sport participation would increase the risk for AT ruptures. Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study...
November 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Simone Montuori, Giulia D'Aurizio, Francesca Foti, Marianna Liparoti, Anna Lardone, Matteo Pesoli, Giuseppe Sorrentino, Laura Mandolesi, Giuseppe Curcio, Pierpaolo Sorrentino
Executive functions (EF) are crucial for the athletes' success, and they are even more essential in open skill sports (e.g. volleyball and football). In these sports, due to continuously changing conditions, goal-directed behaviours need to be repeatedly adjusted and corrected. One of the most important EF is the ability to continuously switch between two different tasks being required in a random sequence. We used a task-switching protocol in elite volleyball athletes, usually playing different roles, with the aim of evaluating if each role is characterized by specific switching abilities...
November 29, 2018: Human Movement Science
Roman Matveev, Lauren Sergio, Jessica Fraser-Thomas, Alison K Macpherson
BACKGROUND: Concussion is a preventable injury that can have long-term health consequences for children and youth. In Ontario, the Policy/Program Memorandum # 158 (PPM) was introduced by the Ministry of Education of Ontario in March 2014. The PPM's main purpose is to require each school board in the province to create and implement a concussion policy. The purpose of this paper is to examine trends in school-based concussions prior to and subsequent to the introduction of the PPM. METHODS: This report examined emergency department (ED) visits in 5 Ontario hospitals that are part of the Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (CHIRPP), and compared trends over time in diagnosed concussions, and suspected concussions identified as "other head injury" in children and youth aged 4-18...
November 29, 2018: BMC Public Health
Steve H Monk, Andrew D Legarreta, Paul Kirby, Benjamin L Brett, Aaron M Yengo-Kahn, Aashim Bhatia, Gary S Solomon, Scott L Zuckerman
Sport-related concussion (SRC) has emerged as a major public health problem. The results of brain imaging studies following SRC have raised questions about long-term neurologic health, but the clinical implications of these findings remain unknown. A systematic review of brain imaging findings after SRC was performed utilizing the following inclusion criteria: football players, brain imaging within 6 months of SRC, and sample size >5. Studies were assessed for: 1) methodology, 2) imaging outcomes, and 3) number of positive statistical comparisons...
November 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
George Theofilidis, Gregory C Bogdanis, Yiannis Koutedakis, Christina Karatzaferi
Regular exercise with the appropriate intensity and duration may improve an athlete's physical capacities by targeting different performance determinants across the endurance⁻strength spectrum aiming to delay fatigue. The mechanisms of muscle fatigue depend on exercise intensity and duration and may range from substrate depletion to acidosis and product inhibition of adenosinetriphosphatase (ATPase) and glycolysis. Fatigue mechanisms have been studied in isolated muscles; single muscle fibers (intact or skinned) or at the level of filamentous or isolated motor proteins; with each approach contributing to our understanding of the fatigue phenomenon...
November 26, 2018: Sports
C Pickering, J Kiely, B Suraci, D Collins
Recent research has demonstrated that there is considerable inter-individual variation in the response to aerobic training, and that this variation is partially mediated by genetic factors. As such, we aimed to investigate if a genetic based algorithm successfully predicted the magnitude of improvements following eight-weeks of aerobic training in youth soccer players. A genetic test was utilised to examine five single nucleotide polymorphisms (VEGF rs2010963, ADRB2 rs1042713 and rs1042714, CRP rs1205 & PPARGC1A rs8192678), whose occurrence is believed to impact aerobic training adaptations...
2018: PloS One
Daniel B Charek, Michael Collins, Anthony Kontos
Concussion is a major public health concern, with an estimated 1.6-3.8 million sport-related concussions occurring annually in the United States. Although the majority of injured athletes recover within 7-21 days, 20-30% of athletes experience protracted recovery spanning more than a month, suggesting as many as 320,000-760,000 athletes may experience prolonged symptoms. This highlights the need for efficacious clinical interventions to facilitate recovery. While concussion was historically conceptualized as a homogeneous injury, a more nuanced understanding has recently emerged and led to a refined approach of categorizing concussions into clinical trajectories or symptom profiles...
2018: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Grant T Baldwin, Matthew J Breiding, R Dawn Comstock
Sports and recreation-related (SRR) activities are common in the United States. Beyond the benefits to health, SRR activities can create new friendships, give people a sense of belonging, foster teamwork and other leadership skills, and develop sportsmanship and a respect for rules that govern play. Public awareness about the risk of concussion has grown as the long-term consequences of traumatic brain injury (TBI) have become better known, and likely explains the increasing concussion incidence rates. Currently, surveillance systems capture SRR concussions among high school and college athletes participating in sanctioned sports...
2018: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Brian Hainline
Peripheral nerve injury in sport results from acute trauma or repetitive overuse. Repetitive overuse injuries must be assessed with the broad context of tissue overload, kinetic chain continuum, periodization, recovery, equipment, and sport-specific biomechanics. Simply diagnosing the anatomic location and extent of nerve injury is inadequate. Management must consider all contributors to nerve injury. This chapter provides an overview of emerging information for assessing and managing peripheral nerve injury in sport...
2018: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Joseph Dadabo, Prakash Jayabalan
Traumatic cervical spine injuries represent a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in sports. Appropriate management of such injuries is critical to minimizing harm and facilitating optimal long-term recovery and outcome. Management strategies begin with emergency preparedness amongst sideline providers and extends to paramedic services and medical teams in the acute care setting. This chapter outlines the principles of treatment across the care continuum, with a primary focus on hospital-based care...
2018: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Steven D'Ascanio, Michael L Alosco, Robert A Stern
Exposure to repetitive head impacts from contact sport participation (e.g., American football, boxing, soccer) is associated with the neurodegenerative disorder known as chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). The neuropathology of CTE is becoming well defined, and diagnostic criteria have been developed and are being refined. The critical next step in this emerging field is the diagnosis of CTE during life. The objective of this chapter is to describe what is currently known about the clinical presentation and in vivo diagnosis of CTE...
2018: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
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