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emergency sports

Tommy R Lundberg, Glyn Howatson
Over-the-counter analgesics, such as anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and paracetamol, are widely consumed by athletes worldwide to increase pain tolerance, or dampen pain and reduce inflammation from injuries. Given that these drugs also can modulate tissue protein turnover, it is important to scrutinize the implications of acute and chronic use of these drugs in relation to exercise performance and the development of long-term training adaptations. In this review we aim to provide an overview of the studies investigating the effects of analgesic drugs on exercise performance and training adaptations relevant for athletic development...
August 13, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Dimitrios Liokaftos
The use of performance- and image-enhancing drugs in the past seventy years or so has sparked a number of responses, including heated public debates, the creation of dedicated organisations and drug policies, as well as the emergence of communities of practice and belief in support of or in opposition to the phenomenon. Drug-free, known in the field as 'natural', bodybuilding has been developing since the 1970 s as a response to a dominant bodybuilding culture where the use of performance- and image-enhancing drugs has become normalised...
August 9, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
Tomi M Toukola, Janna P Kauppila, Lasse Pakanen, Marja-Leena Kortelainen, Matti Martikainen, Heikki V Huikuri, M Juhani Junttila
Introduction: The previous studies about exercise-related sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) have mainly focused on sports activity, but information related to SCA in other forms of physical exercise is lacking. Our aim was to identify characteristics and prognosis of SCA victims in the general population who suffered SCA during physical activity. Methods and results: We collected retrospectively all cases of attempted resuscitation in Oulu University Hospital Area between 2007 and 2012. A total of 300 cases were of cardiac origin...
2018: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
Tuomas Immonen, Eric Brymer, Keith Davids, Jarmo Liukkonen, Timo Jaakkola
Currently, there are various definitions for extreme sports and researchers in the field have been unable to advance a consensus on what exactly constitutes an 'extreme' sport. Traditional theory-led explanations, such as edgeworks, sensation seeking and psychoanalysis, have led to inadequate conceptions. These frameworks have failed to capture the depth and nuances of experiences of individuals who refute the notions of risk-taking, adrenaline- and thrill-seeking or death-defiance. Instead, participants are reported to describe experiences as positive, deeply meaningful and life-enhancing...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
E Spinas, L Giannetti, A Mameli, D Re
AIM: The aim of this study is to produce a clinical therapy protocol for a group of 20 athletes between the ages of 8 and 14, who all suffered traumas affecting hard dental and periodontal tissues. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study involves a group of 20 athletes (10 male and 10 female) who had suffered dental traumas of varying severity. In order to collect the data, two classification systems were used: one for hard tissue traumas and another for periodontal lesions...
September 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Jeanette Fingren, Elisabet Lindholm, Charlotta Petersén, Anne-Marie Hallén, Eva Carlsson
Having ostomy surgery changes a person's life. To assess adjustment to life with an ostomy and quality of life (QOL) 1 year after ostomy surgery, a prospective, explorative study was conducted among patients of a stoma clinic at a university hospital in Sweden. All consecutive patients who had undergone nonemergent or emergency surgery involving formation of an ostomy and who received regular follow-up at the ward and at the outpatient clinic during the first year by an enterostomal therapist (ET) were prospectively included in the study; their demographic information (including age, gender, diagnosis/reason for an ostomy, nonemergent or emergency surgery, ostomy type, preoperative counselling/siting [Yes/No], self-sufficiency in stoma care, professional activity, and whether they lived with a spouse/partner) was recorded upon admission to the study...
June 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
Lauryn Stewart, Jennifer Oates, Paul O'Halloran
OBJECTIVE: This study explored trans women's experience and awareness of their vocal communication and voice use within sporting environments. STUDY DESIGN: Mixed methods study. METHODS: Twenty trans women were interviewed about their voice use and vocal communication during sport and its impact on their level of participation. The participants also completed the Transsexual Voice Questionnaire for Male-to-Female Transsexuals. RESULTS: Three core themes emerged from analysis of the interview data...
July 25, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Daniel M Costello, Andrew H Kaye, Terence J O'Brien, Sandy R Shultz
Sport-related concussion is a common form of mild traumatic brain injury that is now recognised as a serious health issue. Growing evidence suggests concussion may result in long-term and severe neurological disabilities. Recent research into the diagnosis and management of concussion may provide new approaches to concussion management that limit the potential long-term adverse effects of concussion. This paper summarises the problem of sport-related concussion and reviews key factors (sex, age, genetics) that may modify concussion outcomes...
July 25, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Elizabeth A Beverly, Todd R Fredricks, Andrew Leubitz, Benjamin R Oldach, Daniel Kana, Michael D Grant, Jonathon Whipps, Emily H Guseman
BACKGROUND: Despite the risks, concussion symptoms often go underreported by athletes, leading to delayed or forgone treatment and increased potential for concussion recurrence. One of the most serious long-term consequences of sports-related concussions is Chronic Traumatic Encephelopathy (CTE), a disorder associated with progressive neurological deterioration. The purpose of this study was to explore former collegiate athletes' understanding of concussions and motivations behind concussion non-disclosure in order to better assist family medicine providers in screening for and managing a history of concussions...
July 27, 2018: BMC Family Practice
Anne W Hunt, Dylan Laupacis, Emily Kawaguchi, Dayna Greenspoon, Nick Reed
OBJECTIVE: To identify key ingredients in a six-week active rehabilitation intervention from the perspectives of youth recovering from concussion and their parents. METHODS: Surveys with open- and closed-ended questions were administered to youth (N = 38) ages 10-18 years (average = 14.5 years) and their parents (n = 36) immediately post intervention. Descriptive statistics and thematic analysis were used to analyse data. RESULTS: One hundred percent (N = 38) of youth and 100% (N = 36) of parents reported that the active rehabilitation intervention was helpful...
July 26, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
Derek T Nhan, Walter Klyce, R Jay Lee
Background: Racquet sports have increased in popularity over the past decade. Although research is available regarding the epidemiological characteristics of tennis injuries, little is known about the frequency and characteristics of injuries in other racquet sports. Hypothesis: Given the increase in all racquet sport participation in the United States (US), it is hypothesized that injuries have accordingly become more frequent. Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study...
July 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Caroline Stephenson, Matthew E Rossheim
Limited research has systematically examined injuries resulting from Brazilian Jiu Jitsu (BJJ), Judo, and mixed martial arts (MMA), especially when compared to more well-known or -established martial arts. These three combative sports differ substantially regarding their rules and techniques. BJJ emphasizes ground positioning and submission, Judo rewards throwing an opponent on their back with submission ending the match, and MMA emphasizes knocking out or forcing the submission of one's opponent. We examined injuries, among people of any age, experienced from participation in BJJ, Judo, and MMA...
July 24, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
Corey Montgomery, Austin Porter, Christopher Parks, Brant Sachleben, R Dale Blasier, Brien Rabenhorst
Football remains a popular sport in the United States despite sometimes significant injuries, such as fractures and dislocations, occurring. The objective of this study was to evaluate pediatric extremity fractures and dislocations related to football. A retrospective review was conducted at a level 1 pediatric trauma center to identify patients who were treated specifically for American football-related injuries (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, code E007.0). All patients with football-related injuries presenting to the emergency department during a 6-year period (2007-2012) were reviewed for inclusion in the study...
July 1, 2018: Orthopedics
Vanessa H Pereira, Claudio A Gobatto, Theodore G Lewis, Luiz F P Ribeiro, Wladimir R Beck, Ivan G M Dos Reis, Filipe A B Sousa, Fúlvia B Manchado-Gobatto
Sports and exercise today are popular for both amateurs and athletes. However, we continue to seek the best ways to analyze best athlete performances and develop specific tools that may help scientists and people in general to analyze athletic achievement. Standard statistics and cause-and-effect research, when applied in isolation, typically do not answer most scientific questions. The human body is a complex holistic system exchanging data during activities, as has been shown in the emerging field of network physiology...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Breda H F Eubank, Mark R Lafave, J Preston Wiley, David M Sheps, Aaron J Bois, Nicholas G Mohtadi
BACKGROUND: Measuring quality in healthcare is vital in evaluating patient outcomes and system performance. The availability of reliable and valid information about the quality of care for patients presenting with rotator cuff disorders (RCD) in Alberta, Canada is scarce. The objective of this study is to measure quality of care for patients with RCD in order to identify areas of improvement. METHODS: This study employs descriptive survey research design. Between March 2015 and November 2016, a convenience sample of patients presenting with chronic, full-thickness rotator cuff tears to two sport medicine centres in Calgary and Edmonton, Alberta completed two questionnaires: the Healthcare Access and Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire (HAPSQ) and the Rotator Cuff Quality-of-Life Index (RC-QOL)...
July 20, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Meryl Abrams, Dimitrios Papanagnou, Carlos Rodriguez, Joshua Rudner, Hyunjoo Lee, Simran Buttar, Ronald V Hall, Xiao Chi Zhang
Sporting event emergencies are common among both spectators and players, with unique sets of challenges associated with patient extrication in unfamiliar and chaotic environments. It is critical for sports physicians and trainers to deliberately train and prepare for emergent situations with limited resources during athletic events. One of the most difficult, yet commonly encountered challenges is determining when and how to safely remove an injured player's helmet and sporting equipment, particularly if a spinal injury is highly suspected...
May 14, 2018: Curēus
Aleksey Seleznev, Neil V Shah, Rohan Desai, Cuong Le, Patrick Cleary, Qais Naziri, Niladri N Basu, Barbara J Freeman, William P Urban, Jared M Newman
Background: Since it was introduced as an Olympic sport in 1998, snowboarding has drawn the participation of individuals of all ages. Despite the growing popularity of this sport, individuals can suffer from a number of musculoskeletal injuries. The specific goals of the study were to: (I) compare the number of injuries and trends of snowboarding injuries; (II) identify the injury occurrences, trends, and incidence of snowboarding-related fractures; and (III) identify the injury occurrences and trends of snowboarding-related fractures by body part...
June 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
Emma E Dahlberg, Sandra J Hamilton, Fatuma Hamid, Sandra C Thompson
Given poorer health and higher rates of chronic disease seen in Indigenous populations around the world and the evidence linking exercise with health and wellbeing, recommendations for encouraging and increasing Indigenous people's participation in physical activity are needed. This paper systematically reviews published qualitative research papers exploring issues related to the perspectives of Indigenous Australians around physical activity. Key terms relevant to attitudes, beliefs, and perceptions of Indigenous Australians on physical activity and sport were explored in 11 electronic bibliographic databases including EMBASE, Medline and Web of Science...
July 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Delaram Jarchi, James Pope, Tracey K M Lee, Larisa Tamjidi, Amirhosein Mirzaei, Saeid Sanei
Gait analysis continues to be an important technique for many clinical applications to diagnose and monitor certain diseases. Many mental and physical abnormalities cause measurable differences in a person's gait. Gait analysis has applications in sport, computer games, physical rehabilitation, clinical assessment, surveillance, human recognition, modeling, and many other fields. There are established methods using various sensors for gait analysis, of which accelerometers are one of the most often employed...
2018: IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
Andrea Morris, Christine Imms, Claire Kerr, Brooke Adair
PURPOSE: Short-term physical activity programs may encourage adolescents with cerebral palsy to participate in physical activity but how to sustain their involvement is not well known. This qualitative study aimed to identify facilitators that successfully sustain physical activity participation by adolescents with cerebral palsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adolescents (12-18 years) with cerebral palsy [Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels I-V, without moderate-severe intellectual disability] who participated in regular physical activity were eligible, as well as one parent and an individual who facilitated their physical activity...
July 10, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
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