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emergency sports

Mehdi Rezaei, Myoungsug Chung, Taikyeong Jeong
Background: We aimed to investigate the trends of interested and extra time spending activities in order to find potential correlation between computer-based activities (CBA) and healthy lifestyle (HLA). Methods: Information was adapted from the South Korea governmental open source database which gathered from official measurement statistical results. Various types of the interested and extra time spending activities were categorized into eight main activities based on the library research and expert comments...
September 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Thomas R Freeman, Leslie Boisvert, Eric Wong, Stephen Wetmore, Heather Maddocks
OBJECTIVE: To determine the range of services and procedures offered by family physicians who define themselves as comprehensive practitioners and compare responses across 3 generations of alumni of a single family practice program. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Western University in London, Ont. PARTICIPANTS: All graduates of the family medicine program between 1985 and 2012. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-reported provision of the following types of care: in-office care, in-hospital care, intrapartum obstetrics, housecalls, palliative care, after-hours care, nursing home care, minor surgery, emergency department care, sport medicine, and walk-in care...
October 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Fraser Carson, Julia Walsh
Being captain of any team is a significant and prestigious position. In elite sport, the captain plays a vital role in both team and organisational leadership. To date there has been minimal research investigating captaincy, and none assessing the impact of regularly losing performances. A captain of a women's national basketball league team participated in an in-depth, semi-structured interview reflecting on her experience during a losing season. Following Schutz's (1967) framework, a social phenomenological analysis approach was taken, with seven higher-order themes emerging: being captain; relationship with coaching staff; relationship with teammates; team development; stressors; stress management; and self...
October 10, 2018: Sports
Songchao Yin, Xie Xiaoyuan, Meirong Li, Xin Zhou, Ling Wei, Zhirui Chen, Jian Chen, Chun Lu, Sybren de Hoog, Wei Lai, Peiying Feng
BACKGROUND: Emergence of highly inflammatory genital dermatophyte infections has been reported from Southeast Asia. In view of this, knowledge of the non-outbreak fungal flora of the genitals is required as a baseline study. OBJECTIVES: We present our 12-year experience in a tertiary clinic with the diagnosis of scrotal fungal infections. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients with a diagnosis of scrotal fungal infections proven by direct microscopy and culture...
October 11, 2018: Mycoses
Melissa Corso, Scott Howitt
Background: Knee injuries are the second to fourth most common injuries in youth soccer. In this population, sprains/strains, fractures and contusions are most common. Due to variations in the developing skeleton, it can be difficult to rule out fractures. Case Summary: We present a case of a 13-year-old presenting to the emergency department (ED) with patellar pain after pivoting during a soccer game. After radiographic clearance, he was allowed to return to sport...
August 2018: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
Kaitlin E Romm, Jatin P Ambegaonkar, Amanda M Caswell, Candace Parham, Nelson E Cortes, Zachary Kerr, Donna K Broshek, Shane V Caswell
BACKGROUND: Concussions are a public health concern and concussion management in school requires a team approach. We examined schoolteachers' and administrators' perceptions of concussions, management, and implementation of return-to-learn (RTL) guidelines. METHODS: We audio-recorded and transcribed semistructured interviews with teachers (N = 16) and administrators (N = 6) from a public school system. We analyzed data using an analytic induction and constant comparison approach...
November 2018: Journal of School Health
Bruce A Watkins
Physical activity is an important lifestyle factor for growth, development, and sustained health throughout life. In recent years, the benefits of physical activity have drawn more attention to its physiological effects on the body, including well-being. The endocannabinoid system (ECS) has emerged as a focal point to ascertain the mechanisms for how exercise benefits the body and how it reduces or controls pain. The ECS, its ligands [the endocannabinoids (eCB)], receptors (CB1 and CB2), enzymes for the synthesis and degradation of eCB, and the polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) that serve as substrates, comprise a powerful biological organization of multiple controls that affects mood, inflammation, pain, and other neurological aspects of the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system...
October 5, 2018: Molecular Aspects of Medicine
Adam J Kruse, Andrew S Nugent, Andrew R Peterson
Purpose: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a significant cause of death and disability in the United States. Many patients with TBI are initially treated in the emergency department (ED), but there is no evidence-based method of detecting or grading TBI in patients who have normal structural neuroimaging. This study aims to evaluate the validity of two common sideline concussion tests. The Concussion Symptom Severity Score (CSSS) and modified Balance Error Scoring System (mBESS) tests are well-validated sideline tests for concussion, but have not been validated in the setting of non-sport-related concussion, in settings other than the sideline or athletic training room or in moderate or severe TBI...
2018: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
Emma Kate Zadow, Murray John Adams, Cecilia M Kitic, Sam Shi Xuan Wu, James William Fell
While athletes are often considered the epitome of health due to their physique and lowered potential for metabolic and cardiovascular diseases, they may also be at risk for the onset and development of venous thromboembolism (VTE). In an attempt to achieve and remain competitive, athletes are frequently exposed to numerous athlete-specific risk factors, which may predispose them to VTE through the disruption of factors associated with Virchow's triad (i.e., hypercoagulability, venous stasis, and vessel wall injury)...
October 4, 2018: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
Rebecca M Hirschhorn, Zachary Y Kerr, Erin B Wasserman, Melissa C Kay, Daniel R Clifton, Thomas P Dompier, Susan W Yeargin
CONTEXT:  Data regarding the epidemiology of emergency transport incidents (ETIs) of patients with sport-related injuries are lacking. Understanding the use of emergency services by athletic trainers can help improve emergency preparedness and prehospital care for injured student-athletes. OBJECTIVE:  To determine the frequency and type of ETIs resulting from athletic participation. DESIGN:  Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:  Participating high schools and colleges during 2011-2012 to 2013-2014 and 2009-2010 to 2014-2015, respectively...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
Jingzhen Yang, Susan Davies, Kathryn Coxe, Hosea H Harvey, Bhavna Singichetti, Jinhong Guo
CONTEXT:  All 50 states and the District of Columbia have enacted laws governing concussion management and education. These concussion laws, featuring common tenets regarding removal from play, return to play, and concussion education, have shaped school and district policies. OBJECTIVE:  To evaluate the strategies commonly used to implement concussion laws at the school and district levels, as reported by certified athletic trainers (ATs). DESIGN:  Qualitative study...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
David R Howell, Roger Zemek, Anna N Brilliant, Rebekah C Mannix, Christina L Master, William P Meehan
BACKGROUND: Although most children report symptom resolution within a month of a concussion, some patients experience persistent postconcussion symptoms (PPCS) that continues for more than 1 month. Identifying patients at risk for PPCS soon after an injury can provide useful clinical information. PURPOSE: To determine if the Predicting Persistent Post-concussive Problems in Pediatrics (5P) clinical risk score, an emergency department (ED)-derived and validated tool, is associated with developing PPCS when obtained in a primary care sports concussion setting...
September 28, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Christopher G Bean, Marianna Virtanen, Hugo Westerlund, Noora Berg, Johan Hallqvist, Anne Hammarström
Background: Organized group activities (e.g. sports or arts clubs) have long been noted as important developmental settings for youth, yet previous studies on the relationships between participation and mental health outcomes have focused on short-term effects among school-aged adolescents. The subsequent period of life, emerging adulthood, has been largely overlooked despite being another important life stage where individuals face new existential challenges and may benefit from group activity participation...
September 27, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Robert A Jack, David M Lintner, Joshua D Harris, Patrick C McCulloch
BACKGROUND: Wearable technology has become increasingly popular in the recent years. Omegawave is a wearable technology used by multiple professional sports organizations. The purpose of this investigation was to determine if: (i) Omegawave readiness correlates with in-game performance for professional baseball pitchers, (ii) Omegawave ready pitchers have better in-game statistics than pitchers who are not Omegawave ready, (iii) Omegawave readiness predicts a day when pitchers are most ready to return to the mound...
September 27, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Stephen Zwolinsky, Nicola Kime, Andy Pringle, Paul Widdop, Jim McKenna
BACKGROUND: Implementation profoundly influences how well new audiences engage with sport-based physical activity programmes. Recognising that effective implementation relies on concurrently generating supportive contexts, systems and networks for the least engaged 'target' groups; this paper aims to address what underpins children's (non) engagement with football-based physical activity. METHODS: An observational research design, using a non-probability sample of N = 594 primary and secondary schoolchildren assessed outcomes of a three-year 'City of Football' (CoF) programme...
September 26, 2018: BMC Public Health
Dorin Harpaz, Loo Pin Yeo, Francesca Cecchini, Trish H P Koon, Ariel Kushmaro, Alfred I Y Tok, Robert S Marks, Evgeni Eltzov
Artificial sweeteners have become increasingly controversial due to their questionable influence on consumers' health. They are introduced in most foods and many consume this added ingredient without their knowledge. Currently, there is still no consensus regarding the health consequences of artificial sweeteners intake as they have not been fully investigated. Consumption of artificial sweeteners has been linked with adverse effects such as cancer, weight gain, metabolic disorders, type-2 diabetes and alteration of gut microbiota activity...
September 25, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Louise M Burke, John A Hawley, Asker Jeukendrup, James P Morton, Trent Stellingwerff, Ronald J Maughan
From the breakthrough studies of dietary carbohydrate and exercise capacity in the 1960s through to the more recent studies of cellular signaling and the adaptive response to exercise in muscle, it has become apparent that manipulations of dietary fat and carbohydrate within training phases, or in the immediate preparation for competition, can profoundly alter the availability and utilization of these major fuels and, subsequently, the performance of endurance sport (events >30 min up to ∼24 hr). A variety of terms have emerged to describe new or nuanced versions of such exercise-diet strategies (e...
September 1, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Natalie Le Sage, Pier-Alexandre Tardif, Marie-Laurence Prévost, Brice Lionel Batomen Kuimi, Ann-Pier Gagnon, Marcel Émond, Jean-Marc Chauny, Pierre Frémont
BACKGROUND: Despite their reported protective effect against the occurrence of head injuries, helmets are still used inconsistently in sports in which they are optional. We aimed to assess the impact of helmet use on the risk of hospitalization and intracranial haemorrhage for trauma occurring during sport activities. METHODS: Retrospective cohort of all patients who presented themselves, over an 18-month period, at the emergency department of a tertiary trauma centre for an injury sustained in a sport or leisure activity where the use of a helmet is optional...
September 20, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
Katarina Lindstedt, Kerstin Neander, Lars Kjellin, Sanna Aila Gustafsson
Background: As suffering from an eating disorder often entails restrictions on a person's everyday life, one can imagine that it is an important aspect of recovery to help young people learn to balance stressful demands and expectations in areas like the school environment and spare-time activities that include different forms of interpersonal relationships. Purpose: The aim of the present study was to investigate how adolescents with experience from a restrictive eating disorder describe their illness and their time in treatment in relation to social contexts outside the family...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
Thorgerdur Sigurdardottir, Thora Steingrimsdottir, Reynir Tomas Geirsson, Thorhallur Ingi Halldorsson, Thor Aspelund, Kari Bø
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have suggested that female athletes might be at higher risk of experiencing complications such as caesarean sections and perineal tears during labour than non-athletes. Our aim was to study delivery outcomes, including emergency caesarean section rates, length of the first and second stages of labour and severe perineal tears, in first-time pregnant elite athletes compared with non-athletes. METHODS: This is a retrospective case-control study comparing birth outcomes of primiparous female elite athletes engaging in high-impact and low-impact sports compared with non-athletic controls...
September 18, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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