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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451730/leveraging-a-leadership-development-framework-for-career-readiness
#1
Kirsten F Fox
This chapter provides a context for how colleges and universities can prepare students for career readiness by leveraging leadership development programs to further develop knowledge, skills, and competencies that translate to the changing world of work, particularly for graduates in transition to their first jobs.
March 2018: New Directions for Student Leadership
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450447/interplay-among-psychopathologic-variables-personal-resources-context-related-factors-and-real-life-functioning-in-individuals-with-schizophrenia-a-network-analysis
#2
Silvana Galderisi, Paola Rucci, Brian Kirkpatrick, Armida Mucci, Dino Gibertoni, Paola Rocca, Alessandro Rossi, Alessandro Bertolino, Gregory P Strauss, Eugenio Aguglia, Antonello Bellomo, Martino Belvederi Murri, Paola Bucci, Bernardo Carpiniello, Anna Comparelli, Alessandro Cuomo, Domenico De Berardis, Liliana Dell'Osso, Fabio Di Fabio, Barbara Gelao, Carlo Marchesi, Palmiero Monteleone, Cristiana Montemagni, Giulia Orsenigo, Francesca Pacitti, Rita Roncone, Paolo Santonastaso, Alberto Siracusano, Annarita Vignapiano, Antonio Vita, Patrizia Zeppegno, Mario Maj
Importance: Enhanced understanding of factors associated with symptomatic and functional recovery is instrumental to designing personalized treatment plans for people with schizophrenia. To date, this is the first study using network analysis to investigate the associations among cognitive, psychopathologic, and psychosocial variables in a large sample of community-dwelling individuals with schizophrenia. Objective: To assess the interplay among psychopathologic variables, cognitive dysfunctions, functional capacity, personal resources, perceived stigma, and real-life functioning in individuals with schizophrenia, using a data-driven approach...
February 14, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447820/how-does-a-bilingual-environment-affect-the-results-in-children-with-cochlear-implants-compared-to-monolingual-matched-children-an-italian-follow-up-study
#3
Francesca Forli, Giada Giuntini, Annalisa Ciabotti, Luca Bruschini, Ulrika Löfkvist, Stefano Berrettini
OBJECTIVES: To compare the results after cochlear implantation achieved by monolingual and bilingual deaf children implanted at our Institution, with the aim of understanding if there are any differences between the two groups and if there is a correlation between the outcomes and some patients' variables. METHODS: The study group was composed by 14 bilingual deaf children and the control group by the same number of monolingual children implanted at our Institution...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446155/not-just-trust-factors-influencing-learners-attempts-to-perform-technical-skills-on-real-patients
#4
Susan L Bannister, Mark S Dolson, Lorelei Lingard, David A Keegan
CONTEXT: As part of their training, physicians are required to learn how to perform technical skills on patients. The previous literature reveals that this learning is complex and that many opportunities to perform these skills are not converted into attempts to do so by learners. This study sought to explore and understand this phenomenon better. METHODS: A multi-phased qualitative study including ethnographic observations, interviews and focus groups was conducted to explore the factors that influence technical skill learning...
February 15, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444759/current-management-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-in-aging-women
#5
Andrea Giannini, Eleonora Russo, Antonio Cano, Peter Chedraui, Dimitrios G Goulis, Irene Lambrinoudaki, Patrice Lopes, Gita Mishra, Alfred Mueck, Margaret Rees, Levent M Senturk, John C Stevenson, Petra Stute, Pauliina Tuomikoski, Tommaso Simoncini
Management of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common and challenging task. Nowadays older women are more active than they were in the past, and the development of POP disrupts quality of life and impairs social and personal activities. The menopausal transition is a time of vulnerability, during which many women start experiencing symptoms and signs of POP. The role of hormonal changes or of hormonal therapies in influencing the development or progression of POP has been explored extensively. The management of POP requires considerable clinical skills...
February 6, 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443716/time-for-an-acute-focus-on-chronic-care-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#6
Connie R Shi, Vinod E Nambudiri
As the burdens of chronic disease rise in the United States, both undergraduate and graduate medical education must adapt to adequately equip future physicians with the skills to manage the increasingly complex health needs affecting the population. However, traditional models of undergraduate medical education (UME) have made focusing on chronic care education challenging. In this Invited Commentary, the authors advocate for strengthening UME based upon five approaches to engage trainees in learning about chronic care across both the preclinical and clinical phases of their education: (1) introducing chronic care in the preclinical years; (2) prioritizing chronic care education across all specialties; (3) maximizing the fourth year of medical school through a chronic care focus; (4) creating chronic disease-focused advanced clerkships; and (5) leveraging technology for education...
February 13, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442541/the-ophthalmology-surgical-competency-assessment-rubric-oscar-for-anterior-approach-ptosis-surgery
#7
Valerie Juniat, Karl C Golnik, Francesco P Bernardini, Altug Cetinkaya, Aaron Fay, Bipasha Mukherjee, Farzad Pakdel, Brent Skippen, George M Saleh
PURPOSE: The International Council of Ophthalmology (ICO) is currently developing a series of standardized, internationally validated, teaching tools for key ophthalmic surgical procedures called the Ophthalmology Surgical Competency Assessment Rubrics (OSCARs). This study aims to develop an OSCAR for anterior approach ptosis surgery. METHODS: An international panel of content experts, representing Australia, India, Iran, Italy, Turkey, UK, and the USA was established and worked to develop the rubric using a range of online collaboration tools...
February 14, 2018: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442206/thrown-into-the-world-of-independent-practice-from-unexpected-uncertainty-to-new-identities
#8
Brett Schrewe
One of the most exciting yet stressful times in a physician's life is transitioning from supervised training into independent practice. The majority of literature devoted to this topic has focused upon a perceived gap between clinical and non-clinical skills and interventions taken to address it. Building upon recent streams of scholarship in identity formation and adaptation to new contexts, this work uses a Heideggerian perspective to frame an autoethnographical exploration of the author's transition into independent paediatric practice...
February 13, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442164/diagnostic-flexible-pharyngo-laryngoscopy-development-of-a-procedure-specific-assessment-tool-using-a-delphi-methodology
#9
Jacob Melchiors, Mikael Johannes Vuokko Henriksen, Frederik G Dikkers, Javier Gavilán, J Pieter Noordzij, Marvin P Fried, Daniel Novakovic, Johannes Fagan, Birgitte W Charabi, Lars Konge, Christian von Buchwald
PURPOSE: Proper training and assessment of skill in flexible pharyngo-laryngoscopy are central in the education of otorhinolaryngologists. To facilitate an evidence-based approach to curriculum development in this field, a structured analysis of what constitutes flexible pharyngo-laryngoscopy is necessary. Our aim was to develop an assessment tool based on this analysis. METHODS: We conducted an international Delphi study involving experts from twelve countries in five continents...
February 13, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438792/the-first-neurosurgery-boot-camp-in-southeast-asia-evaluating-impact-on-knowledge-and-regional-collaboration-in-yangon-myanmar
#10
Jack Rock, Roberta Glick, Isabelle M Germano, Robert Dempsey, John Zervos, Tyler Prentiss, Matthew Davis, Ernest Wright, Kyi Hlaing, Myat Thu, Zaw Wai Soe, Win Myaing
BACKGROUND: For the first time in Southeast Asia, a Fundamentals of Neurosurgery Boot Camp was held at the University of Medicine 1 in Yangon, Myanmar, February 24-26, 2017. The aim of this course was to teach and train fundamental skills to neurosurgery residents. METHODS: The Myanmar Neurosurgical Society, the Foundation for International Education in Neurosurgery, the Society for Neurological Surgeons, The University of Medicine 1 in Yangon, Myanmar and the Henry Ford Department of Neurosurgery developed a two-day resident training course...
February 10, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437841/improving-evaluation-of-dental-hygiene-students-cultural-competence-with-a-mixed-methods-approach
#11
Priscilla Flynn, Nassim Sarkarati
Most dental hygiene educational programs include cultural competence education, but may not evaluate student outcomes. The aim of this study was to design and implement a mixed-methods evaluation to measure dental hygiene students' progression toward cultural competence. Two cohorts consisting of consecutive classes in one U.S. dental hygiene program participated in the study. A total of 47 dental hygiene students (100% response rate) completed self-assessments to measure their attitudes and knowledge at three time points between 2014 and 2016...
February 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437497/competency-based-training-and-simulation-making-a-valid-argument
#12
Yasser A Noureldin, Jason Y Lee, Elspeth M McDougall, Robert M Sweet
The use of simulation as an assessment tool is much more controversial than is its utility as an educational tool. However, without valid simulation-based assessment tools, the ability to objectively assess technical skill competencies in a competency-based medical education framework will remain challenging. The current literature in urologic simulation-based training and assessment uses a definition and framework of validity that is now outdated. This is probably due to the absence of awareness rather than an absence of comprehension...
February 2018: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435787/a-developmental-perspective-on-young-adult-romantic-relationships-examining-family-and-individual-factors-in-adolescence
#13
Mengya Xia, Gregory M Fosco, Melissa A Lippold, Mark E Feinberg
The ability to develop and maintain healthy romantic relationships is a key developmental task in young adulthood. The present study investigated how adolescent interpersonal skills (assertiveness, positive engagement) and family processes (family climate, parenting practices) influence the development of young adult romantic relationship functioning. We evaluated cross-lag structural equation models with a sample of 974 early adolescents living in rural and semi-rural communities in Pennsylvania and Iowa, starting in sixth grade (mean age = 12...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435644/innovative-real-csf-leak-simulation-model-for-rhinology-training-human-cadaveric-design
#14
Abdulaziz A AlQahtani, Abeer A Albathi, Othman M Alhammad, Abdulkarim S Alrabie
OBJECTIVE: To study the feasibility of designing a human cadaveric simulation model of real CSF leak for rhinology training. METHOD: The laboratory investigation took place at the surgical academic center of Prince Sultan Military Medical City between 2016 and 2017. Five heads of human cadaveric specimens were cannulated into the intradural space through two frontal bone holes. Fluorescein-dyed fluid was injected intracranialy, then endoscopic endonasal iatrogenic skull base defect was created with observation of fluid leak, followed by skull base reconstruction...
February 12, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435394/mentor-mentee-relationship-a-win-win-contract-in-graduate-medical-education
#15
EDITORIAL
Hale Z Toklu, Jacklyn C Fuller
Scholarly activities (i.e., the discovery of new knowledge; development of new technologies, methods, materials, or uses; integration of knowledge leading to new understanding) are intended to measure the quality and quantity of dissemination of knowledge. A successful mentorship program is necessary during residency to help residents achieve the six core competencies (patient care, medical knowledge, practice-based learning and improvement, systems-based practice, professionalism, interpersonal and communication skills) required by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)...
December 5, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434421/clinical-instructors-perspectives-on-the-clinical-education-of-internationally-educated-physical-therapists-diversity-s-impact-on-the-experience
#16
Laura Tambosso, Christine Manning, Tuen Mun Ong, Rebecca Zacharchuk, Jessica James, Sharon Switzer-McIntyre, Lakshmi Matmari, Martine Quesnel
Purpose: The aim of this study was to understand the nature and extent of clinical instructors' (CIs') involvement in the clinical education of internationally educated physical therapists (IEPTs) while exploring CIs' perceptions of the similarities among and differences between IEPTs and Canadian-trained students. Method: In this qualitative descriptive study, 13 semi-structured interviews were conducted with CIs who were involved in a bridging programme for IEPTs. Data were coded using NVivo version 10, and common themes emerged through qualitative thematic analysis...
2018: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433950/implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-therapeutic-patient-education-programme-during-a-clinical-trial-in-yaound%C3%A3-cameroon-trial-anrs-12286-mobidip
#17
Adrien Galy, Laura Ciaffi, Geraldine Manirakiza Mberyo, Pretty Mbouyap, Hermine Abessolo, Roselyne Toby, Frida Essomba, Geneviève Lamarre, Angeline Bikié, Olga Bell, Sinata Koulla-Shiro, Eric Delaporte
OBJECTIVES: High adherence is needed to maintain antiretroviral therapy efficacy. Few attempts at therapeutic patient education (TPE) have been made in sub-Saharan Africa. We describe patients' achievements before intervention and identified needs, TPE programme implementation and evaluation, and patients' satisfaction. METHODS: The TPE programme was proposed to patients in the ANRS-12286/MOBIDIP trial. Beforehand, a directory of competences to manage HIV infection was designed...
February 1, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433887/a-cadaveric-procedural-anatomy-simulation-course-improves-video-based-assessment-of-operative-performance
#18
Gaurav Sharma, Mario A Aycart, Lynne O'Mara, Joaquim Havens, Matthew Nehs, Naomi Shimizu, Douglas S Smink, Edwin Gravereaux, Jonathan D Gates, Reza Askari
BACKGROUND: Inadequate anatomic knowledge has been cited as a major contributor to declining surgical resident operative competence. We analyzed the impact of a comprehensive, procedurally oriented cadaveric procedural anatomy dissection laboratory on the operative performance of surgery residents, hypothesizing that trainees' performance of surgical procedures would improve after such a dissection course. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Midlevel general surgery residents (n = 9) participated in an 8 wk, 16-h surgery faculty-led procedurally oriented cadaver simulation course...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432903/use-of-the-limbs-and-things-hysterectomy-model-to-describe-the-process-for-establishing-validity
#19
Christopher C DeStephano, Anita H Chen, Michael Heckman, Nicolette T Chimato, Paulami Guha, Mariana Espinal, Tri A Dinh
OBJECTIVE: Demonstrate the process for establishing or refuting validity for the Limbs and Things hysterectomy model. DESIGN: Prospective study using Kane's framework for establishing validity (Canadian Task Force Classification: II-2). SETTING: Laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) assessments completed in the operating room (OR) and simulation at three academic medical centers. PARTICIPANTS: OB/GYN residents (n=26 post-graduate year 3-4), a gynecologic oncology fellow (post-graduate year 5), and a gynecology oncology attending...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428627/-competency-requirements-for-executives-in-healthcare-and-social-services-organizations-results-of-a-delphi-study
#20
Martin Pielach, Hans-Joachim Schubert
BACKGROUND: Leadership in social services and healthcare organizations is marked by high levels of complexity and contradiction, which cannot be fully explained by politically, economically, and socially induced changes. Rather, it is the particularities of service provision in healthcare and social services that confront executives with specific demands. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to capture and prioritize required leadership competencies in healthcare and social services organizations...
February 7, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
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