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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245029/nursing-students-learning-dynamics-and-influencing-factors-in-clinical-contexts
#1
Jung Jae Lee, Charlotte L Clarke, Maggie N Carson
Clinical placements are essential for students to develop clinical skills to qualify as nurses. However, various difficulties encountered by nursing students during their clinical education detract from developing clinical competencies. This constructivist grounded theory study aims to explore nursing students' experiences in clinical nursing education, and to identify the factors that influence the clinical education students receive. Twenty-one individual and six group semi-structured interviews were conducted with sixteen fourth year nursing students and four registered nurses...
December 7, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243200/the-cascading-effects-of-multiple-dimensions-of%C3%A2-implementation-on-program-outcomes-a-test-of-a-theoretical-model
#2
Cady Berkel, Anne M Mauricio, Irwin N Sandler, Sharlene A Wolchik, Carlos G Gallo, C Hendricks Brown
This study tests a theoretical cascade model in which multiple dimensions of facilitator delivery predict indicators of participant responsiveness, which in turn lead to improvements in targeted program outcomes. An effectiveness trial of the 10-session New Beginnings Program for divorcing families was implemented in partnership with four county-level family courts. This study included 366 families assigned to the intervention condition who attended at least one session. Independent observers provided ratings of program delivery (i...
December 14, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239885/the-present-state-of-neurointensivist-training-in-the-united-states-a-comparison-to-other-critical-care-training-programs
#3
Evie G Marcolini, David B Seder, Jordan B Bonomo, Thomas P Bleck, J Claude Hemphill, Lori Shutter, Fred Rincon, Shelly D Timmons, Paul Nyquist
OBJECTIVE: This manuscript describes the state of neurocritical care fellowship training, compares its written standards to those of other critical care fellowship programs, and discusses how programmatic oversight by the United Council for Neurological Subspecialties should evolve to meet American College of Graduate Medical Education standards. This review is a work product of the Society of Critical Care Medicine Neuroscience section and was reviewed and approved by the Council of the Society of Critical Care Medicine...
December 12, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236580/measures-of-emergency-preparedness-contributing-to-nursing-home-resilience
#4
Sandi J Lane, Elizabeth McGrady
Resilience approaches have been successfully applied in crisis management, disaster response, and high reliability organizations and have the potential to enhance existing systems of nursing home disaster preparedness. This study's purpose was to: Determine how the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) "Emergency Preparedness Checklist Recommended Tool for Effective Health Care Facility Planning" contributes to organizational resilience by identifying the benchmark resilience items addressed by the CMS Emergency Preparedness Checklist and items not addressed by the CMS Emergency Preparedness Checklist, and to recommend tools and processes to improve resilience for nursing homes...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235424/fundamental-movement-skills-of-children-living-in-england-the-role-of-ethnicity-and-native-english-language
#5
Emma L J Eyre, Leanne Jaye Walker, Michael J Duncan
The development of fundamental movement skills (FMS) has been associated with children's general health, and, while there is evidence to suggest that age, gender, physical activity, and socioeconomic status relate to FMS, the relationship of ethnicity and language barriers to FMS competence has been underexplored. These factors may be of particular interest for South Asian (SA) children who have lower physical activity and increased risk of metabolic disease. This cross-sectional study examined ethnic and language differences in FMS among 218 ethnically diverse five-year-old children (61 White ethnic background, 91 SA, 29 Black ethnic background, and 37 other), some with English as a native language ( n = 90) and some with English as an additional language ( n = 75), all recruited from within central England...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235405/mapping-the-balint-groups-to-the-accreditation-council-for-graduate-medical-education-family-medicine-competencies
#6
Albert Lichtenstein, Jumana Antoun, Chris Rule, Katherine Knowlton, Jeffrey Sternlieb
Introduction Balint group discussions provide learning opportunities for many of the competencies and milestones put forward by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. The current literature is mixed concerning the effect of Balint groups on communication skills and professionalism. Aim To map the content of the Balint discussion to the competencies and milestones put forward by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. METHODOLOGY: A group who were both experts in Balint and members of the clinical competency committee of residency programs rated narratives that summarized Balint group discussions...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235136/reluctance-to-express-emotion-explains-relation-between-cognitive-distortions-and-social-competence-in-anxious-children
#7
Brandon G Scott, Armando A Pina, Julia H Parker
Guided by social information processing and affective social competence models, the focal objective of this research was to examine the relations among anxious children's cognitive distortions, social skill competence, and reluctance to express emotion. In addition, we explored whether children's attention control played any meaningful role. Using a sample of 111 anxious children (Mage  = 9.63, SD = 0.73; 75.7% girls; 56% Hispanic/Latino), we found that cognitive distortions were negatively related to social competence...
December 12, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234919/-soft-skills-somewhat-different-doping
#8
REVIEW
H J Heppner
Doping actually means the taking of illegal substances or the use of forbidden methods to increase or maintain performance. Diseases associated with age and functional decline can lead to constraints in the activities of daily living and this leads to loss of autonomy; therefore, doping in its different variations is used to try to achieve performance, which would not otherwise be possible. A somewhat different method is soft skills, i.e. personal, social and methodological competences, which are adopted to remain fit with the help of selection and compensation...
December 12, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233428/training-student-pharmacists-to-administer-emergency-pediatric-influenza-vaccine-a-comparison-of-traditional-vs-just-in-time-training
#9
Colleen M Terriff, Kimberly McKeirnan
INTRODUCTION: This study compared traditional training (TT) and just-in-time training (JITT) of P3 student pharmacists regarding interest, confidence, and comfort pre- and post-training (primary objective); and assessment and administration competency (secondary objective) during a simulated influenza vaccination clinic. METHODS: Student pharmacists were randomized 1:1 to receive either TT or JITT, completed pre- and post-training surveys assessing interest, confidence and comfort; and evaluated on performance during a simulated emergency infant vaccination...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233425/examining-differences-between-p1-versus-p2-students-as-teaching-assistants-in-a-p1-skills-based-course
#10
Suzanne M Galal, John K Mayberry, Anita Wang, Thao Tran
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to assess differences between the use of first-year (P1; "peer") versus second-year (P2; "near-peer") students as teaching assistants (TA) in a first-year, skills-based course. METHODS: The practicum course assesses competence in the provision of screening services and patient counseling. TAs review weekly material followed by a one-on-one assessment of each student using a grading rubric. Both qualitative and quantitative data were analyzed to determine if there was a difference in performance between the peer and near-peer teaching assistants...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233415/development-and-evaluation-of-an-intermediate-level-elective-course-on-medical-spanish-for-pharmacy-students
#11
Robert Mueller
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Spanish-speaking population in the United States is increasing rapidly, and there is a need for additional educational efforts, beyond teaching basic medical Spanish terminology, to increase the number of Spanish-speaking pharmacists able to provide culturally appropriate care to this patient population. This article describes the development and evaluation of an intermediate-level elective course where students integrated pharmacy practice skills with Spanish-language skills and cultural competency...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233414/teaching-drug-utilization-review-skills-via-a-simulated-clinical-decision-making-exercise
#12
Cortney M Mospan, Katelyn M Alexander
BACKGROUND: Drug utilization review (DUR) is a central role of the pharmacist, especially within the community pharmacy setting. Previous literature has shown risk of "alert fatigue", supporting the necessity of pharmacists to utilize a step-wise approach in evaluation of drug therapy during the verification process. Many students are intimidated by this process, and may lack verification practice or experience until their first day as a licensed pharmacist. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: An innovative skills-based laboratory exercise was developed for third-year pharmacy students to develop DUR skills...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233407/the-importance-of-clinical-research-skills-according-to-pharmd-students-first-year-residents-and-residency-directors
#13
Heather D Anderson, Joseph J Saseen
PURPOSE: Research has a prominent role within the field of pharmacy practice. However, no studies have assessed the importance of research methods in pharmacy education from the perspective of students, residents, or residency directors. METHODS: Questionnaires were administered online in spring 2014 to four respondent groups: University of Colorado fourth year PharmD (P4) students, post graduate year 1 (PGY1) residents, and PGY1 and post-graduate year 2 (PGY2) residency directors...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233399/management-education-within-pharmacy-curricula-a-need-for-innovation
#14
Cortney M Mospan
OBJECTIVE: To encourage the academy to pursue innovative management education strategies within pharmacy curricula and highlight these experiences in a scholarly dialogue. SUMMARY: Management has often been a dreaded, dry, and often neglected aspect of pharmacy curricula. With the release of Center for Advancement of Pharmacy Education (CAPE) Educational Outcomes 2013 as well as Entry-Level Competencies Needed for Community Pharmacy Practice by National Association of Chain Drug Stores (NACDS) Foundation, National Community Pharmacists Association (NCPA), and Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) in 2012, managerial skills have seen a new emphasis in pharmacy education...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233319/student-perceptions-of-digital-badges-in-a-drug-information-and-literature-evaluation-course
#15
Jay R Fajiculay, Bhavini T Parikh, Casey V Wright, Amy Heck Sheehan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to describe student perceptions of implementation of digital badges in a drug information and literature evaluation course. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Two digital badges were developed as voluntary learning opportunities. Student perceptions were obtained through pre- and post-survey instruments consisting of selected questions from the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire. FINDINGS: The response rate was 69% (106/153)...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233272/stakeholders-perceptions-on-competency-and-assessment-program-of-entry-level-pharmacists-in-developing-countries
#16
Isaac Asante, Irene Andoh, Arno M M Muijtjens, Jeroen Donkers
OBJECTIVES: To assess the stakeholders' perceptions on the competency of entry-level pharmacists and the use of written licensure examination as the primary assessment for licensure decisions on entry-level pharmacists who have completed the Pharmacy Internship Program1 (PIP) in developing countries. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among stakeholders in which they completed a web-based 21-item pre-tested questionnaire to determine their views regarding the competency outcomes and assessment program for entry-level pharmacist...
May 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233149/advances-in-clinical-pharmacy-education-in-germany-a-quasi-experimental-single-blinded-study-to-evaluate-a-patient-centred-clinical-pharmacy-course-in-psychiatry
#17
Monika Dircks, Andreas Mayr, Annette Freidank, Johannes Kornhuber, Frank Dörje, Kristina Friedland
BACKGROUND: The pharmacy profession has shifted towards patient-centred care. To meet the new challenges it is necessary to provide students with clinical competencies. A quasi-experimental single-blinded teaching and learning study was carried out using a parallel-group design to evaluate systematically the benefits of clinical teaching in pharmacy education in Germany. METHODS: A clinical pharmacy course on a psychiatric ward was developed and implemented for small student groups...
December 12, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230513/-interprofessional-approaches-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#18
REVIEW
Irina Cichon, Bernadette Klapper
Social change and the subsequent increase in the complexity of patient care create new challenges for all health care professionals that can only be met by close collaboration. Good cooperation between professionals from all healthcare backgrounds has proven to be essential and should therefore play a larger role in educational and study contexts.It is for this reason that over the past few years more and more countries are requiring cooperative skills and competencies in formal medical training and consequently implementing this training in their healthcare systems...
December 11, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230320/factors-promoting-and-inhibiting-sustained-impact-of-a-mental-health-task-shifting-program-for-hiv-providers-in-ethiopia
#19
D Jerene, M Biru, A Teklu, T Rehman, A Ruff, L Wissow
Background: Task-shifting mental health into general medical care requires more than brief provider training. Generalists need long-term support to master new skills and changes to work context are required to sustain change in the face of competing priorities. We examined program and context factors promoting sustainability of a mental health task-shifting training for hospital-based HIV providers in Ethiopia. Methods: Convergent mixed-methods quasi-experimental study...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229317/team-based-simulations-for-new-surgeons-does-early-and-often-make-a-difference
#20
Kareem R AbdelFattah, M Chance Spalding, David Leshikar, Aimee K Gardner
BACKGROUND: Current work hour restrictions and the expansion of requirements for surgery residents has led to decreased time on high-acuity rotations such as trauma and acute care surgery. In an effort to improve resident competency, we examined the efficacy of a new team-based trauma curriculum for postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) residents. METHODS: After completing required Advanced Trauma Life Support certification, PGY1s participated in a series of trauma simulations in 3-person teams from June to August...
December 8, 2017: Surgery
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