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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087554/how-prepared-are-uk-medical-graduates-for-practice-a-rapid-review-of-the-literature-2009-2014
#1
Lynn V Monrouxe, Lisa Grundy, Mala Mann, Zoe John, Eleni Panagoulas, Alison Bullock, Karen Mattick
OBJECTIVE: To understand how prepared UK medical graduates are for practice and the effectiveness of workplace transition interventions. DESIGN: A rapid review of the literature (registration #CRD42013005305). DATA SOURCES: Nine major databases (and key websites) were searched in two timeframes (July-September 2013; updated May-June 2014): CINAHL, Embase, Educational Resources Information Centre, Health Management Information Consortium, MEDLINE, MEDLINE in Process, PsycINFO, Scopus and Web of Knowledge...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079642/an-evaluation-of-a-competency-based-public-health-training-program-for-public-health-professionals-in-kansas
#2
Kyrah K Brown, JʼVonnah Maryman, Tracie Collins
CONTEXT: Less than one-third of the US public health workforce has formal training in public health. Academic-public health agency partnerships aimed at addressing the nation's workforce challenges have shown great promise. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a piloted competency-based public health training program formed out of an academic-public health agency partnership. DESIGN: Mixed-methods design using pre- and postworkshop surveys and quizzes, open-ended questions, and document review...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078919/cultural-competence-in-medical-education-a-questionnaire-study-of-danish-medical-teachers-perceptions-of-and-preparedness-to-teach-cultural-competence
#3
Janne Sorensen, Signe Smith Jervelund, Marie Norredam, Maria Kristiansen, Allan Krasnik
AIMS: The cultural competence training of healthcare professionals is a key element in ensuring the quality of both the access and delivery of healthcare to increasingly ethnically diverse populations. The aim of this study is to investigate Danish medical teachers' opinions about cultural competence, their willingness to receive training and preparedness to teach cultural competence topics. METHODS: The survey was sent to medical teachers, clinical teachers and external lecturers who teach in the medical programme at the University of Copenhagen...
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077927/utility-of-self-competency-ratings-during-residency-training-in-family-medicine-education-emerging-countries-findings-from-japan
#4
Michael D Fetters, Satoko Motohara, Lauren Ivey, Keiichiro Narumoto, Kiyoshi Sano, Masahiko Terada, Tsukasa Tsuda, Machiko Inoue
BACKGROUND: Family medicine education-emerging countries face challenges in demonstrating a new program's ability to train residents in womb-to-tomb care and resident ability to provide such care competently. We illustrate the experience of a new Japanese family medicine program with resident self-competency assessments. METHODS: In this longitudinal cross-sectional study, residents completed self-competency assessment surveys online during 2011-2015. Each year of training, residents self-ranked their competence using a 100-point visual analog scale for 142 conditions: acute (30 conditions), chronic (28 conditions) women's health (eight conditions), and geriatrics/home (12 conditions) care; procedures (38 types); health promotion (21 conditions)...
2017: Asia Pacific Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077073/student-midwives-perceptions-on-the-organisation-of-maternity-care-and-alternative-maternity-care-models-in-the-netherlands-a-qualitative-study
#5
J Catja Warmelink, T Paul de Cock, Yvonne Combee, Marloes Rongen, Therese A Wiegers, Eileen K Hutton
BACKGROUND: A major change in the organisation of maternity care in the Netherlands is under consideration, going from an echelon system where midwives provide primary care in the community and refer to obstetricians for secondary and tertiary care, to a more integrated maternity care system involving midwives and obstetricians at all care levels. Student midwives are the future maternity care providers and they may be entering into a changing maternity care system, so inclusion of their views in the discussion is relevant...
January 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076592/assessment-of-laparoscopic-skills-of-gynecology-and-obstetrics-residents-after-a-training-program
#6
Carla Ferreira Kikuchi Fernandes, José Maria Cordeiro Ruano, Lea Mina Kati, Alberto Sinhiti Noguti, Manoel João Batista Castello Girão, Marair Gracio Ferreira Sartori
Objective: To evaluate laparoscopic skills of third-year Gynecology and Obstetrics residents after training at a training and surgical experimentation center. Methods: Use of a prospective questionnaire analyzing demographic data, medical residency, skills, competences, and training in a box trainer and in pigs. Results: After the training, there was significant improvement in laparoscopic skills according to the residents (before 1.3/after 2...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076588/-essential-competencies-in-training-in-obstetrics
#7
Sebastião Junior Henrique Duarte, Richardson Miranda Machado
Objective: Analyze international reports related to training in obstetrics and present guidelines to help leading educational institutions to develop curriculum guidelines for the teaching of obstetrics and advanced nursing practice in this specialty. Methods: A narrative review was conducted of documents from the World Health Organization and the International Confederation of Midwives. The search used the descriptors midwifery and education. All official reports that guide midwife education policies, published from 2009 to 2015 in English and Spanish, and available online, were included...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074720/-registration-of-assessments-in-orthopaedic-residents-portfolios-is-falling-short
#8
S N van Vendeloo, P L P Brand, B J Burger, R G H H Nelissen, S K Bulstra, C C P M Verheyen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate of the number of registered competency assessments in the portfolios of orthopaedic residents in the Netherlands, for whom a competency-based training programme is mandatory. DESIGN: National cohort study. METHOD: We collected data regarding the registered assessments of all orthopaedic residents who finished their training between 2012-2015. We determined the number of registered assessments of 'standard orthopaedic treatments' (evaluating residents' competency in 70 different orthopaedic treatments), objective structured clinical skills evaluations (OSCEs), critically appraised topics (CATs), and 360 degree feedback appraisals...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070762/being-on-your-own-or-feeling-lonely-loneliness-and-other-social-variables-in-youths-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#9
Anne Deckers, Peter Muris, Jeffrey Roelofs
A cross-sectional study was conducted to examine loneliness and its correlates in children (7 to 11 years) and adolescents (12 to 18 years) with autism spectrum disorders (ASD, n = 73) and control groups of clinically referred (ADHD, n = 76) and non-clinical (n = 106) youths. Youths completed questionnaires on loneliness and desire for social interaction, while parents and teachers filled out scales on other aspects of children's social functioning. Results indicated that only at an adolescent age, the ASD group reported higher levels of loneliness than the control groups...
January 9, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069155/communicating-with-patients-from-minority-backgrounds-individual-challenges-experienced-by-oncology-health-professionals
#10
Kaaren J Watts, Bettina Meiser, Elvira Zilliacus, Rajneesh Kaur, Mona Taouk, Afaf Girgis, Phyllis Butow, David Goldstein, Sandra Hale, Astrid Perry, Sanchia K Aranda, David W Kissane
PURPOSE: Oncology health professionals (HPs) are increasingly required to care for patients from minority backgrounds. Yet many HPs have not had formal training in how to communicate effectively in culturally diverse settings. More information is needed about the challenges that oncology HPs face in communicating with minority patients to inform the content of formal training programs. This qualitative study aimed to identify oncology nurses' and oncologists' individual experiences and challenges in communicating with patients from minority backgrounds...
February 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063822/-hospital-discharge-criteria-for-very-low-birth-weight-newborns
#11
Isabel Benavente Fernández, María Dolores Sánchez Redondo, Jose Luis Leante Castellanos, Alejandro Pérez Muñuzuri, Segundo Rite Gracia, Cèsar W Ruiz Campillo, Ester Sanz López, Manuel Sánchez Luna
Hospital discharge criteria for the pre-term newborn are mainly based on physiological competences (thermoregulation, respiratory stability, and feeding skills), although family support and ability to care for the baby, as well as a well-planned discharge are also cornerstones to ensure a successful discharge. In this article, the Committee of Standards of the Spanish Society of Neonatology reviews the current hospital discharge criteria in order for it to be useful as a clinical guide in Spanish neonatal units...
January 4, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059996/interventions-used-by-nurse-preceptors-to-develop-critical-thinking-of-new-graduate-nurses-a-systematic-review
#12
Sue Schuelke, Susan Barnason
Healthcare complexity and patient acuity necessitate competent nurses with critical thinking abilities. However, these skill sets are less developed among newly hired graduate nurses. The overall purpose of this systematic review was to examine interventions/strategies implemented by preceptors in healthcare organizations to promote critical thinking of new graduate nurses. A systematic search of the literature resulted in 602 citations, with nine studies meeting the inclusion criteria. Educational interventions were varied and will be described in this article...
January 2017: Journal for Nurses in Professional Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057833/cognitive-skills-and-the-evolution-of-social-systems
#13
REVIEW
Russell D Fernald
How do animal social skills influence evolution? Complex animal social behaviors require many cognitive skills including individual recognition and observational learning. For social systems to evolve, these abilities need to be transmitted genetically or culturally and supported by the evolution of underlying neural systems. Because animal skill sets are so varied, it seems best to describe animal cognitive behaviors as being a social calculus that can change with experience, which has evolved to match and facilitate the complexity of the social system where it arose...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054495/comparison-of-motor-competence-levels-on-two-assessments-across-childhood
#14
Alessandro H N Ré, Samuel W Logan, Maria T Cattuzzo, Rafael S Henrique, Mariana C Tudela, David F Stodden
This study compared performances and motor delay classifications for the Test of Gross Motor Development-2nd edition (TGMD-2) and the Körperkoordinationstest Für Kinder (KTK) in a sample of 424 healthy children (47% girls) between 5 and 10 years of age. Low-to-moderate correlations (r range = 0.34-0.52) were found between assessments across age. In general, both boys and girls demonstrated higher raw scores across age groups. However, percentile scores indicated younger children outperformed older children, denoting a normative percentile-based decrease in motor competence (MC) in the older age groups...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054164/are-different-professionals-ready-to-support-children-of-parents-with-mental-illness-evaluating-the-impact-of-a-pan-european-training-programme
#15
Giovanni Viganò, Marja Kaunonen, Peter Ryan, Wendy Simpson, Ian Dawson, Izabela Tabak, Norbert Scherbaum, Stefano Zanone Poma
A training package (pre-tested in a pilot phase) about supporting children who have parents with a mental illness and/or with substance misuse (COPMI) was developed and delivered to 131 different professionals from six different European Countries. A questionnaire about importance, awareness and competence on the issue (8 items on knowledge and 15 items on skills) was developed and completed by participants before and after the training. The training was evaluated by participants as generally very successful in terms of improving the importance, awareness and competence of their knowledge and skills, with a statistically significant difference in the pre-/post-analyses (no decreases occurred)...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052052/physical-characteristics-and-performance-of-japanese-top-level-american-football-players
#16
Daichi Yamashita, Masaki Asakura, Yoshihiko Ito, Shinzo Yamada, Yosuke Yamada
This study aimed to compare the physical characteristics and performance between top-level non-professional football players in Japan and National Football League (NFL) Combine invited players and between top- and middle-level players in Japan in order to determine the factors that enhance performance in international and national competitions. One hundred sixty-eight American football players (>20 years) in Japan participated in an anthropometric (height and weight) and physical (vertical jump, long jump, 40-yard dash, pro-agility shuttle, three-cone drill, and bench press repetition test) measurement program based on the NFL Combine program to compete in the selection of candidates for the Senior World Championship...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050944/are-future-medical-oncologists-sufficiently-trained-to-communicate-about-palliative-care-the-medical-oncology-curriculum-in-flanders-belgium
#17
M Horlait, S Van Belle, M Leys
BACKGROUND: Palliative care is considered an integral part of oncology and communicating this with patients is an unavoidable task for oncologists. This contribution investigated to what extent communication skills for communicating palliative care with patients are trained in the formal academic training program in medical oncology in Flanders, Belgium. The programme is based on the recommendations for a Global Core Curriculum in Medical Oncology, developed by The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) together with the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO)...
January 4, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049681/caries-removal-by-first-year-dental-students-a-multisource-competency-assessment-strategy-for-reflective-practice
#18
Tracy L de Peralta, Vidya Ramaswamy, Elisabeta Karl, Elizabeth Van Tubergen, Mary Ellen McLean, Mark Fitzgerald
Multisource assessment (MSA) uses multiple assessors to provide feedback. Little is known about the validity of using MSA feedback for improving students' ability to self-assess in a preclinical environment. Therefore, the aim of this study was to measure the validity of using a defined reflective process involving an MSA tool for building skill in dental students' self-evaluation of caries excavation on extracted teeth. As part of this process, 104 first-year students at one U.S. dental school used a self-generated study plan (SGSP) for structured reflection on MSA feedback during the 2013-14 academic year...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048733/mo-de-201-02-self-awareness
#19
J Johnson
: Medical physicists possess technical knowledge and problem solving skills required to deliver high quality diagnosis and treatment in the clinic, to provide excellence in research, or to transfer expertise in industrial or regulatory environments. As the healthcare industry rapidly evolves, medical physicists must make a case for ensuring recognition of their value. One of many ways the AAPM is working to ensure stewardship of the profession is through development of the Medical Physics Leadership Academy (MPLA)...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048232/mo-de-201-00-medical-physics-leadership-academy
#20
Jessica Clements
: Medical physicists possess technical knowledge and problem solving skills required to deliver high quality diagnosis and treatment in the clinic, to provide excellence in research, or to transfer expertise in industrial or regulatory environments. As the healthcare industry rapidly evolves, medical physicists must make a case for ensuring recognition of their value. One of many ways the AAPM is working to ensure stewardship of the profession is through development of the Medical Physics Leadership Academy (MPLA)...
June 2016: Medical Physics
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