keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Motor skills

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445190/cognitive-learning-and-its-future-in-urology-surgical-skills-teaching-and-assessment
#1
Somayeh B Shafiei, Ahmed A Hussein, Khurshid A Guru
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this study is to provide an overview of the current status of novel cognitive training approaches in surgery and to investigate the potential role of cognitive training in surgical education. RECENT FINDINGS: Kinematics of end-effector trajectories, as well as cognitive state features of surgeon trainees and mentors have recently been studied as modalities to objectively evaluate the expertise level of trainees and to shorten the learning process...
April 25, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444787/finger-pressure-adjustments-to-various-object-configurations-during-precision-grip-in-humans-and-monkeys
#2
Riccardo Viaro, Banty Tia, Gino Coudé, Rosario Canto, Andriy Oliynyk, Paola Salmas, Lorenzo Masia, Giulio Sandini, Luciano Fadiga
In this study we recorded the pressure exerted onto an object by the index finger and the thumb of the preferred hand of eighteen human subjects and either hand of two macaque monkeys during a precision grasping task. The to-be-grasped object was a custom-made device composed by two plates which could be variably oriented by a motorized system while keeping constant the size and thus grip dimension. The to-be-grasped plates were covered by an array of capacitive sensors to measure specific features of finger adaptation, namely pressure intensity and centroid location and displacement...
April 26, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444320/complex-skill-training-transfers-to-improved-performance-and-control-of-simpler-tasks-after-stroke
#3
Shailesh S Kantak, Nazaneen Zahedi, Robert McGrath
Background: Given limited therapy time, it is important to practice tasks that optimize transfer to other tasks that cannot be practiced during therapy. However, little is known about how tasks can be selected for practice to optimize generalization. Objective: One dimension of task selection is the complexity of the task. The purpose of the current study was to test if learning of a complex motor skill with the paretic arm would transfer to simpler unpracticed goal-directed reaching task...
April 21, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443787/ultrasound-based-motor-control-training-for-the-pelvic-floor-pre-and-post-prostatectomy-scoring-reliability-and-skill-acquisition
#4
Stuart Doorbar-Baptist, Roger Adams, Trudy Rebbeck
AIM: This study documents a protocol designed to evaluate pelvic floor motor control in men with prostate cancer. It also aims to evaluate the reliability of therapists in rating motor control of pelvic floor muscles (PFMs) using real time ultrasound imaging (RUSI) video clips. We further determine predictors of acquiring motor control. METHODS: Ninety-one men diagnosed with prostate cancer attending a physiotherapy clinic for pelvic floor exercises were taught detailed pelvic floor motor control exercises by a physiotherapist using trans-abdominal RUSI for biofeedback...
April 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440577/variable-developmental-delays-and-characteristic-facial-features-a-novel-7p22-3p22-2-microdeletion-syndrome
#5
Andrea C Yu, Regina M Zambrano, Ingrid Cristian, Sue Price, Birgitta Bernhard, Marc Zucker, Sunita Venkateswaran, Jean McGowan-Jordan, Christine M Armour
Isolated 7p22.3p22.2 deletions are rarely described with only two reports in the literature. Most other reported cases either involve a much larger region of the 7p arm or have an additional copy number variation. Here, we report five patients with overlapping microdeletions at 7p22.3p22.2. The patients presented with variable developmental delays, exhibiting relative weaknesses in expressive language skills and relative strengths in gross, and fine motor skills. The most consistent facial features seen in these patients included a broad nasal root, a prominent forehead a prominent glabella and arched eyebrows...
April 25, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440338/unravelling-the-contributions-of-motor-experience-and-conceptual-knowledge-in-action-perception-a-training-study
#6
S A Gerson, M Meyer, S Hunnius, H Bekkering
Prior knowledge affects how we perceive the world and the sensorimotor system actively guides our perception. An ongoing dispute regards the extent to which prior motor knowledge versus conceptual knowledge modulates the observation of others' actions. Research indicates that motor experience increases motor activation during action perception. Other research, however, has shown that conceptual familiarity with actions also modulates motor activation, i.e., increased motor activation during observation of unfamiliar, compared to conceptually familiar, actions...
April 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440058/atypical-inter-hemispheric-communication-correlates-with-altered-motor-inhibition-during-learning-of-a-new-bimanual-coordination-pattern-in-developmental-coordination-disorder
#7
Mélody Blais, David Amarantini, Jean-Michel Albaret, Yves Chaix, Jessica Tallet
Impairment of motor learning skills in developmental coordination disorder (DCD) has been reported in several studies. Some hypotheses on neural mechanisms of motor learning deficits in DCD have emerged but, to date, brain-imaging investigations are scarce. The aim of the present study is to assess possible changes in communication between brain areas during practice of a new bimanual coordination task in teenagers with DCD (n = 10) compared to matched controls (n = 10). Accuracy, stability and number of mirror movements were computed as behavioural variables...
April 25, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439325/graph-frequency-analysis-of-brain-signals
#8
Weiyu Huang, Leah Goldsberry, Nicholas F Wymbs, Scott T Grafton, Danielle S Bassett, Alejandro Ribeiro
This paper presents methods to analyze functional brain networks and signals from graph spectral perspectives. The notion of frequency and filters traditionally defined for signals supported on regular domains such as discrete time and image grids has been recently generalized to irregular graph domains, and defines brain graph frequencies associated with different levels of spatial smoothness across the brain regions. Brain network frequency also enables the decomposition of brain signals into pieces corresponding to smooth or rapid variations...
October 2016: IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439319/mechanisms-of-practice-related-reductions-of-dual-task-interference-with-simple-tasks-data-and-theory
#9
Tilo Strobach, Schubert Torsten
In dual-task situations, interference between two simultaneous tasks impairs performance. With practice, however, this impairment can be reduced. To identify mechanisms leading to a practice-related improvement in sensorimotor dual tasks, the present review applied the following general hypothesis: Sources that impair dual-task performance at the beginning of practice are associated with mechanisms for the reduction of dual-task impairment at the end of practice. The following types of processes provide sources for the occurrence of this impairment: (a) capacity-limited processes within the component tasks, such as response-selection or motor response stages, and (b) cognitive control processes independent of these tasks and thus operating outside of component-task performance...
2017: Advances in Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437638/motor-expertise-and-performance-in-spatial-tasks-a-meta-analysis
#10
Daniel Voyer, Petra Jansen
The present study aimed to provide a summary of findings relevant to the influence of motor expertise on performance in spatial tasks and to examine potential moderators of this effect. Studies of relevance were those in which individuals involved in activities presumed to require motor expertise were compared to non-experts in such activities. A final set of 62 effect sizes from 33 samples was included in a multilevel meta-analysis. The results showed an overall advantage in favor of motor experts in spatial tasks (d=0...
April 21, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435631/the-impact-of-kinesio-taping-technique-on-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#11
REVIEW
Alireza Shamsoddini, Zabihallah Rasti, Minoo Kalantari, Mohammad Taghi Hollisaz, Vahid Sobhani, Hamid Dalvand, Mohammad Kazem Bakhshandeh-Bali
Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common movement disorder in children that is associated with life-long disability and multiple impairments. The clinical manifestations of CP vary among children. CP is accompanied by a wide range of problems and has a broad spectrum. Children with CP demonstrate poor fine and dross motor function due to psychomotor disturbances. Early rehabilitation programs are essential for children with CP and should be appropriate for the age and functional condition of the patients. Kinesio taping (KT) technique is a relatively new technique applied in rehabilitation programs of CP...
October 7, 2016: Iranian Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435219/clinical-effectiveness-of-currently-available-low-vision-devices-in-glaucoma-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-vision-loss
#12
Yogesh Patodia, Elizabeth Golesic, Alex Mao, Cindy Ml Hutnik
PURPOSE: The aim of this trial is to study the effectiveness of currently available low-vision devices in glaucoma patients with moderate-to-severe vision loss. DESIGN: This is a randomized pilot clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen low-vision glaucoma patients participated in this study. METHODS: Patients with a best-corrected visual acuity between 20/70 and 20/400 in the better eye and a diagnosis of stable primary or secondary open-angle glaucoma were randomized to a low-vision treatment group or a nonintervention control group...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432690/sucking-behaviour-in-infants-born-preterm-and-developmental-outcomes-at-primary-school-age
#13
Mechteld I Wolthuis-Stigter, Saakje P Da Costa, Arend F Bos, Wim P Krijnen, Cees P Van Der Schans, Margreet R Luinge
AIM: To determine the association between sucking in infants born preterm and developmental outcomes at 5 years. METHOD: Thirty-four infants were included (mean gestational age 30wks 4d, mean birthweight 1407g). The Neonatal Oral-Motor Assessment Scale was used longitudinally from 37 to 50 weeks postmenstrual age. At 5 years, we assessed motor skills, intelligence, language, verbal memory, and behavioural problems. Linear regression analyses were performed to test whether aspects of sucking behaviour predicted these developmental outcomes...
April 22, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431286/age-related-changes-in-corticospinal-excitability-and-intracortical-inhibition-after-upper-extremity-motor-learning-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Kelly M M Berghuis, John G Semmler, George M Opie, Aylin K Post, Tibor Hortobágyi
It is unclear how old age affects the neuronal mechanisms of motor learning. We reviewed the neuronal mechanisms of how healthy old and young adults acquire motor skills as assessed with transcranial magnetic stimulation. Quantitative meta-analyses of 11 studies, involving ballistic and visuomotor tasks performed by upper extremity muscles in 132 healthy old and 128 young adults, revealed that the motor practice-induced increase in corticospinal excitability (CSE) is task-dependent but not age-dependent, with an increase in CSE in both age groups after visuomotor but not ballistic training...
March 27, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430147/suitability-of-strain-gage-sensors-for-integration-into-smart-sport-equipment-a-golf-club-example
#15
Anton Umek, Yuan Zhang, Sašo Tomažič, Anton Kos
Wearable devices and smart sport equipment are being increasingly used in amateur and professional sports. Smart sport equipment employs various sensors for detecting its state and actions. The correct choice of the most appropriate sensor(s) is of paramount importance for efficient and successful operation of sport equipment. When integrated into the sport equipment, ideal sensors are unobstructive, and do not change the functionality of the equipment. The article focuses on experiments for identification and selection of sensors that are suitable for the integration into a golf club with the final goal of their use in real time biofeedback applications...
April 21, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429369/variation-in-brain-anatomy-in-frogs-and-its-possible-bearing-on-their-locomotor-ecology
#16
Adriana S Manzano, Anthony Herrel, Anne-Claire Fabre, Virginia Abdala
Despite the long-standing interest in the evolution of the brain, relatively little is known about variation in brain anatomy in frogs. Yet, frogs are ecologically diverse and, as such, variation in brain anatomy linked to differences in lifestyle or locomotor behavior can be expected. Here we present a comparative morphological study focusing on the macro- and micro-anatomy of the six regions of the brain and its choroid plexus: the olfactory bulbs, the telencephalon, the diencephalon, the mesencephalon, the rhombencephalon, and the cerebellum...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425223/three-families-with-mild-pmm2-cdg-and-normal-cognitive-development
#17
Mari-Anne Vals, Eva Morava, Kai Teeäär, Riina Zordania, Sander Pajusalu, Dirk J Lefeber, Katrin Õunap
Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) are caused by defective glycosylation of proteins and lipids. PMM2-CDG is the most common subtype among the CDG. The severity of PMM2-CDG is variable. Patients often have a recognizable phenotype with neurological and multisystem symptoms that might cause early death. We report six patients from three families who are diagnosed with a clinically mild PMM2-CDG and have normal cognitive development. All these patients had delayed gross motor skills with mild-to-moderate neurological findings...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424762/assessment-of-sensory-processing-characteristics-in-children-between-3-and-11-years-old-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Sara Jorquera-Cabrera, Dulce Romero-Ayuso, Gemma Rodriguez-Gil, José-Matías Triviño-Juárez
The assessment of sensory perception, discrimination, integration, modulation, praxis, and other motor skills, such as posture, balance, and bilateral motor coordination, is necessary to identify the sensory and motor factors influencing the development of personal autonomy. The aim of this work is to study the assessment tools currently available for identifying different patterns of sensory processing. There are 15 tests available that have psychometric properties, primarily for the US population. Nine of them apply to children in preschool and up to grade 12...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424177/developmental-and-behavioural-associations-of-burns-and-scalds-in-children-a-prospective-population-based-study
#19
Alan Emond, Clare Sheahan, Julie Mytton, Linda Hollén
OBJECTIVE: To investigate child developmental and behavioural characteristics and risk of burns and scalds. DESIGN: Data on burns in children up to 11 years from 12 966 participants in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children were linked to developmental profiles measured before the burn injury. MEASURES: Preinjury profiles of the children derived from maternal questionnaires completed in pregnancy, and at 6, 18, 42, 47 and 54 months...
May 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424106/early-developmental-influences-on-self-esteem-trajectories-from-adolescence-through-adulthood-impact-of-birth-weight-and-motor-skills
#20
Kristie L Poole, Louis A Schmidt, Mark A Ferro, Cheryl Missiuna, Saroj Saigal, Michael H Boyle, Ryan J Van Lieshout
While the trajectory of self-esteem from adolescence to adulthood varies from person to person, little research has examined how differences in early developmental processes might affect these pathways. This study examined how early motor skill development interacted with preterm birth status to predict self-esteem from adolescence through the early 30s. We addressed this using the oldest known, prospectively followed cohort of extremely low birth weight (<1000 g) survivors (N = 179) and normal birth weight controls (N = 145) in the world, born between 1977 and 1982...
April 20, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
keyword
keyword
16073
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"