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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544316/negating-the-fulcrum-effect-in-manual-laparoscopic-surgery-investigating-skill-acquisition-with-a-haptic-simulator
#1
Adam J Spiers, Sarah Baillie, Tony G Pipe, George Asimakopolous
BACKGROUND: Manual laparoscopic surgery requires extensive training and familiarization. It has been suggested that motion inversion caused by the 'fulcrum effect' is key to motor challenges. We investigate the potential of a conceptual semi-robotic handheld tool that negates natural inversion. METHODS: A custom laparoscopic simulator with haptic feedback was developed to allow interactive evaluation of the conceptual tool via virtual prototyping, prior to fabricating a physical prototype...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542319/shared-and-differentiated-motor-skill-impairments-in-children-with-dyslexia-and-or-attention-deficit-disorder-from-simple-to-complex-sequential-coordination
#2
Marie-Ève Marchand-Krynski, Olivier Morin-Moncet, Anne-Marie Bélanger, Miriam H Beauchamp, Gabriel Leonard
Dyslexia and Attention deficit disorder (AD) are prevalent neurodevelopmental conditions in children and adolescents. They have high comorbidity rates and have both been associated with motor difficulties. Little is known, however, about what is shared or differentiated in dyslexia and AD in terms of motor abilities. Even when motor skill problems are identified, few studies have used the same measurement tools, resulting in inconstant findings. The present study assessed increasingly complex gross motor skills in children and adolescents with dyslexia, AD, and with both Dyslexia and AD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541236/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-symptoms-and-cognitive-skills-of-preschool-children
#3
L Thomaidis, A Choleva, M Janikian, G Bertou, A Tsitsika, G Giannakopoulos, D C Anagnostopoulos
Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) constitutes a neurobehavioral disorder which may potentially adversely affect children's wellbeing and academic achievement. The onset of symptoms is present prior to 12 years of age, and often the symptoms are evident in the preschool years. In fact, it has been suggested that screening for ADHD symptoms may be initiated as early as four years of age. Preschool children with ADHD have been shown to present with poor pre-academic skills and might be at increased risk for numerous school-related problems, including functional impairment during elementary school years and persistent poor academic performance thereafter...
January 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540866/electrophysiological-signatures-of-atypical-intrinsic-brain-connectivity-networks-in-autism
#4
Guofa Shou, Matthew W Mosconi, Jun Wang, Lauren E Ethridge, John A Sweeney, Lei Ding
OBJECTIVE: Abnormal local and long-range brain connectivity have been widely reported in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), yet the nature of these abnormalities and their functional relevance at distinct cortical rhythms remains unknown. Investigations of intrinsic connectivity networks (ICNs) and their coherence across whole brain networks hold promise for determining whether patterns of functional connectivity abnormalities vary across frequencies and networks in ASD. In the present study, we aimed to probe atypical intrinsic brain connectivity networks in ASD from resting-state electroencephalography (EEG) data via characterizing the whole brain network...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538517/greater-corticostriatal-activation-associated-with-facial-motor-imagery-compared-with-motor-execution-a-functional-mri-study
#5
Meena M Makary, Seulgi Eun, Kyungmo Park
Motor imagery (MI) relies on conscious mental simulation of a motor act without overt motor output and can promote motor skill acquisition and facilitate rehabilitation for patients with stroke or neurological conditions. Although a plethora of neuroimaging studies have investigated the neural network of MI regarding different body parts, exploration of the neural correlates to facial MI remains warranted. Here, we used functional MRI with a large cohort of 41 participants who underwent motor execution (ME) and MI runs of mouth-stretching tasks...
May 19, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536658/understanding-the-connection-between-cognitive-impairment-and-mobility-what-can-be-gained-from-neuropsychological-assessment
#6
Marykay A Pavol, Joel Stein, Foyruz M Kabir, Jonathan Yip, Lyssa Y Sorkin, Randolph S Marshall, Ronald M Lazar
The ability of neuropsychological tests to predict rehabilitation outcome is unclear, particularly when other ratings of cognition are available. Neuropsychological test scores and functional ratings of cognition (Functional Independence Measure (FIM) Cognition score) were used to predict improvement in patient mobility and self-care skill, as measured by the FIM Motor score. Regression models used both raw neuropsychology test scores and age-adjusted scores. Retrospective chart review was performed for patients on an inpatient rehabilitation unit and referred for neuropsychological assessment...
2017: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535720/retrospectively-assessed-early-motor-and-current-pragmatic-language-skills-in-autistic-and-neurotypical-children
#7
Jennifer L Stevenson, Caitlin E Lindley, Nicole Murlo
Autistic individuals often struggle developmentally, even in areas that are not explicit diagnostic criteria, such as motor skills. This study explored the relation between early motor skills, assessed retrospectively, and current pragmatic language skills. Caregivers of neurotypical and autistic children, matched on gender and age, completed assessments of their child's early motor development and current language abilities. Early motor skills were correlated with later pragmatic language skills, and autistic children exhibited fewer motor skills than neurotypical children...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535411/the-effectiveness-of-the-computerized-visual-perceptual-training-program-on-individuals-with-down-syndrome-an-fmri-study
#8
Yi-Ting Wan, Ching-Sui Chiang, Sharon Chia-Ju Chen, Yee-Pay Wuang
This study investigated the effectiveness of the Computerized Visual Perception Training (CVPT) program on individuals with Down syndrome (DS, mean age=13.17±4.35years, age range: 6.54-20.75 years). All participants have mild intellectual disability classified by the standard IQ measures (mean=61.2, ranges from 55 to 68). Both the Test of Visual Perceptual Skill- Third Edition (TVPS-3) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) were used to evaluate the training outcomes. Results of TVPS-3 and fMRI showed that DS group had visual perceptual deficits and abnormal neural networks related to visual organization...
May 20, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533005/risk-factors-for-daytime-or-combined-incontinence-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#9
Bieke Samijn, Christine Van den Broeck, Ellen Deschepper, Catherine Renson, Piet Hoebeke, Frank Plasschaert, Johan Vande Walle, Erik Van Laecke
PURPOSE: To identify risk factors for daytime or combined urinary incontinence (UI) in children with cerebral palsy (CP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional case-control study was conducted including children with CP with or without UI from the CP-Reference Centre at *** (blinded for review) and two associated special education schools. Factors were subdivided in three clusters, namely demographic and general medical data, CP classification and bladder and bowel dysfunction...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532504/vineland-adaptive-behavior-scales-to-identify-neurodevelopmental-problems-in-children-with-congenital-hyperinsulinism-chi
#10
Maria Salomon-Estebanez, Zainab Mohamed, Maria Michaelidou, Hannah Collins, Lindsey Rigby, Mars Skae, Raja Padidela, Stewart Rust, Mark Dunne, Karen Cosgrove, Indraneel Banerjee, Jacqueline Nicholson
BACKGROUND: Congenital Hyperinsulinism (CHI) is a disease of severe hypoglycaemia caused by excess insulin secretion and associated with adverse neurodevelopment in a third of children. The Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales Second Edition (VABS-II) is a parent report measure of adaptive functioning that could be used as a developmental screening tool in patients with CHI. We have investigated the performance of VABS-II as a screening tool to identify developmental delay in a relatively large cohort of children with CHI...
May 22, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528435/benefits-of-a-regular-vs-irregular-rhythm-based-training-programme-on-physical-fitness-and-motor-skills-in-obese-girls
#11
Ghazi Racil, Wassim Elmontassar, Imen Rommene, Claire Tourny, Anis Chaouachi, Jeremy B Coquart
PURPOSE: The aim of the current study was to examine the impact of a physical exercise programme including rhythmic elements (regular and irregular tempos) on physiological variables, motor skills (MS), and jump performances in obese girls. METHODS: Thirty-six obese girls (age: 10.4 ± 0.9 years, body mass: 58.7 ± 4.0 kg, height: 1.37 ± 0.04 m, body mass index: 31.2 ± 2.1) participated in three weekly physical exercise sessions for 6 weeks, with each session consisting of basic fundamental locomotor movements...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528341/sociocultural-influence-on-obesity-and-lifestyle-in-children-a-study-of-daily-activities-leisure-time-behavior-motor-skills-and-weight-status
#12
Martin Hilpert, Konrad Brockmeier, Sigrid Dordel, Benjamin Koch, Verena Weiß, Nina Ferrari, Walter Tokarski, Christine Graf
BACKGROUND: Juvenile overweight is increasing, and effective preventive measures are needed. After years of arbitrarily assigning these measures disregarding socioeconomic and/or cultural differences, it has become necessary to tailor interventions more specific to these target groups. Providing data for such an intervention is the objective of this study. METHODS: Influencing variables on children's weight status, motor skills and lifestyle have been analyzed among 997 first graders (53...
May 20, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526673/the-effectiveness-of-a-computer-game-based-rehabilitation-platform-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-protocol-for-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Anuprita Kanitkar, Tony Szturm, Sanjay Parmar, Dorcas Bc Gandhi, Gina Ruth Rempel, Gayle Restall, Monika Sharma, Amitesh Narayan, Jeyaraj Pandian, Nilashri Naik, Ravi R Savadatti, Mahesh Appasaheb Kamate
BACKGROUND: It is difficult to engage young children with cerebral palsy (CP) in repetitive, tedious therapy. As such, there is a need for innovative approaches and tools to motivate these children. We developed the low-cost, computer game-based rehabilitation platform CGR that combines fine manipulation and gross movement exercises with attention and planning game activities appropriate for young children with CP. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to provide evidence of the therapeutic value of CGR to improve upper extremity (UE) motor function for children with CP...
May 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522227/promoting-motor-skills-in-low-income-ethnic-children-the-physical-activity-in-linguistically-diverse-communities-paldc-nonrandomized-trial
#14
Anthony D Okely, Louise L Hardy, Marijka Batterham, Phillip Pearson, Kim McKeen, Lauren Puglisi
OBJECTIVES: This study reports the long-term effects of a professional learning program for classroom teachers on fundamental motor skill (FMS) proficiency of primary school students from ethnically diverse backgrounds. DESIGN: A cluster non-randomized trial using a nested cross-sectional design. METHODS: The study was conducted in 8 primary schools located in disadvantaged and culturally diverse areas in Sydney, Australia. The intervention used an action learning framework, with each school developing and implementing an action plan for enhancing the teaching of FMS in their school...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521656/oral-feeding-difficulties-in-children-with-short-bowel-syndrome-a-narrative-review
#15
Judy Hopkins, Sharon A Cermak, Russell J Merritt
Children with short bowel syndrome (SBS) with associated intestinal failure may be unable to absorb sufficient nutrients to sustain life. Improvements in the medical management of SBS, including use of parenteral nutrition, has significantly increased life expectancy. Independence from parenteral nutrition further improves quality of life. However, children living with SBS often develop oral aversions and feeding difficulties. There is limited research and information on which to base interventions that will preserve and develop oral motor and feeding skills...
May 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516192/the-value-of-gesell-score-in-predicting-the-outcome-of-cochlear-implantation-in-children
#16
Yang Yang, Liu Haihong, Zheng Jun, Chen Min, Li Ying, Hao Jinsheng, Liu Wei, Zhang Jie, Ni Xin
The purpose is to determine the value of preoperative evaluation on developmental levels using Gesell score in predicting the postoperative outcome in pediatric cochlear implantation (CI) recipients. 78 children who underwent CI were included in our study. Age at the time of CI ranged from 6 to 67 months. The Gesell score including adaptability, fine motor, gross motor, language, and social skill was used for evaluating the patients' developmental levels before the CI, and a developmental quotient (DQ) was calculated by the following formula: (developmental age/actual age) × 100...
May 17, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515161/suboptimal-maternal-iodine-intake-is-associated-with-impaired-child-neurodevelopment-at-3-years-of-age-in-the-norwegian-mother-and-child-cohort-study
#17
Marianne H Abel, Ida H Caspersen, Helle Margrete Meltzer, Margaretha Haugen, Ragnhild E Brandlistuen, Heidi Aase, Jan Alexander, Liv E Torheim, Anne-Lise Brantsæter
Background: Severe iodine deficiency in pregnancy has major effects on child neurodevelopment, but less is known about the potential consequences of mild-to-moderate deficiency and iodine supplement use.Objective: We explored the associations between maternal iodine intake and child neurodevelopment at 3 y of age and the potential impact of maternal intake of iodine from supplements on the same outcomes.Methods: This population-based prospective observational study included 48,297 mother-child pairs recruited during pregnancy from 2002 to 2008...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512858/comprehension-of-handwriting-development-pen-grip-kinetics-in-handwriting-tasks-and-its-relation-to-fine-motor-skills-among-school-age-children
#18
Yu-Chen Lin, Yen-Li Chao, Shyi-Kuen Wu, Ho-Hsio Lin, Chieh-Hsiang Hsu, Hsiao-Man Hsu, Li-Chieh Kuo
BACKGROUND/AIM: Numerous tools have been developed to evaluate handwriting performances by analysing written products. However, few studies have directly investigated kinetic performances of digits when holding a pen. This study thus attempts to investigate pen-grip kinetics during writing tasks of school-age children and explore the relationship between the kinetic factors and fine motor skills. METHODS: This study recruited 181 children aged from 5 to 12 years old and investigated the effects of age on handwriting kinetics and the relationship between these and fine motor skills...
May 16, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511125/the-many-facets-of-motor-learning-and-their-relevance-for-parkinson-s-disease
#19
REVIEW
Lucio Marinelli, Angelo Quartarone, Mark Hallett, Giuseppe Frazzitta, Maria Felice Ghilardi
The final goal of motor learning, a complex process that includes both implicit and explicit (or declarative) components, is the optimization and automatization of motor skills. Motor learning involves different neural networks and neurotransmitters systems depending on the type of task and on the stage of learning. After the first phase of acquisition, a motor skill goes through consolidation (i.e., becoming resistant to interference) and retention, processes in which sleep and long-term potentiation seem to play important roles...
April 9, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509631/improving-balance-mobility-and-dual-task-performance-in-an-adolescent-with-cerebral-palsy-a-case-report
#20
Sarah Fisher-Pipher, Lisa K Kenyon, Marci Westman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Improving functional mobility is often a desired outcome for adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). Traditional neurorehabilitation approaches are frequently directed at impairments; however, improvements may not be carried over into functional mobility. The purpose of this case report was to describe the examination, intervention, and outcomes of a task-oriented physical therapy intervention program to improve dynamic balance, functional mobility, and dual-task performance in an adolescent with CP...
May 16, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
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