keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Skill acquisition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214515/robotic-skills-can-be-aided-by-laparoscopic-training
#1
Daniel G Davila, Melissa C Helm, Matthew J Frelich, Jon C Gould, Matthew I Goldblatt
BACKGROUND: General Surgery is currently the fastest growing specialty with regards to robotic surgical system utilization. Contrary to the experience in laparoscopy, simulator training for robotic surgery is not widely employed partly because robotic surgical simulators are expensive. We sought to determine the effect of a robotic simulation curriculum and whether robotic surgical skills could be derived from those psychomotor skills attained in laparoscopic training. METHODS: Twenty-seven trainees with no prior robotic experience and limited laparoscopy exposure were randomly assigned to one of three training groups: no simulator training, training on a fundamentals of laparoscopic surgery (FLS™) standard box trainer, and training on a robotic computer based simulator (da Vinci Skills Simulator™)...
December 6, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213525/motor-learning-characterization-in-people-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review
#2
Íbis Ariana Peña de Moraes, Thais Massetti, Tânia Brusque Crocetta, Talita Dias da Silva, Lilian Del Ciello de Menezes, Carlos Bandeira de Mello Monteiro, Fernando Henrique Magalhães
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder primarily characterized by deficits in social interaction, communication and implicit skill learning. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the results of research on "motor learning" and the means used for measuring "autistic disorder". METHODS: A systematic literature search was done using Medline/PubMed, Web of Science, BVS (virtual health library), and PsycINFO. We included articles that contained the keywords "autism" and "motor learning"...
July 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212345/a-pilot-investigation-of-an-ios-based-app-for-toilet-training-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Daniel W Mruzek, Stephen McAleavey, Whitney A Loring, Eric Butter, Tristram Smith, Erin McDonnell, Lynne Levato, Courtney Aponte, Rebekah P Travis, Rachel E Aiello, Cora M Taylor, Jonathan W Wilkins, Patricia Corbett-Dick, Dianne M Finkelstein, Alyssa M York, Katherine Zanibbi
We developed an iOS-based app with a transmitter/disposable sensor and corresponding manualized intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder. The app signaled the onset of urination, time-stamped accidents for analysis, reminded parents to reinforce intervals of continence, provided a visual outlet for parents to communicate reinforcement, and afforded opportunity for timely feedback from clinicians. We compared this intervention with an intervention that uses standard behavioral treatment in a pilot randomized controlled trial of 33 children with autism spectrum disorder aged 3-6 years with urinary incontinence...
December 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209255/potential-for-assessing-dynamic-problem-solving-at-the-beginning-of-higher-education-studies
#4
Benő Csapó, Gyöngyvér Molnár
There is a growing demand for assessment instruments which can be used in higher education, which cover a broader area of competencies than the traditional tests for disciplinary knowledge and domain-specific skills, and which measure students' most important general cognitive capabilities. Around the age of the transition from secondary to tertiary education, such assessments may serve several functions, including selecting the best-prepared candidates for certain fields of study. Dynamic problem-solving (DPS) is a good candidate for such a role, as tasks that assess it involve knowledge acquisition and knowledge utilization as well...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209252/role-of-a-semiotics-based-curriculum-in-empathy-enhancement-a-longitudinal-study-in-three-dominican-medical-schools
#5
Montserrat San-Martín, Roberto Delgado-Bolton, Luis Vivanco
Background: Empathy in the context of patient care is defined as a predominantly cognitive attribute that involves an understanding of the patient's experiences, concerns, and perspectives, combined with a capacity to communicate this understanding and an intention to help. In medical education, it is recognized that empathy can be improved by interventional approaches. In this sense, a semiotic-based curriculum could be an important didactic tool for improving medical empathy. The main purpose of this study was to determine if in medical schools where a semiotic-based curriculum is offered, the empathetic orientation of medical students improves as a consequence of the acquisition and development of students' communication skills that are required in clinician-patient encounters...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207379/practical-recommendations-of-the-obesity-management-task-force-of-the-european-association-for-the-study-of-obesity-for-the-post-bariatric-surgery-medical-management
#6
Luca Busetto, Dror Dicker, Carmil Azran, Rachel L Batterham, Nathalie Farpour-Lambert, Martin Fried, Jøran Hjelmesæth, Johann Kinzl, Deborah R Leitner, Janine M Makaronidis, Karin Schindler, Hermann Toplak, Volkan Yumuk
Bariatric surgery is today the most effective long-term therapy for the management of patients with severe obesity, and its use is recommended by the relevant guidelines of the management of obesity in adults. Bariatric surgery is in general safe and effective, but it can cause new clinical problems and is associated with specific diagnostic, preventive and therapeutic needs. For clinicians, the acquisition of special knowledge and skills is required in order to deliver appropriate and effective care to the post-bariatric patient...
December 6, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203335/hex-maze-a-new-virtual-maze-able-to-track-acquisition-and-usage-of-three-navigation-strategies
#7
Meg J Spriggs, Ian J Kirk, Ronald W Skelton
Spatial navigation is a complex and multi-faceted skill that, in humans, is understood to encompass two distinct navigational strategies, namely allocentric and egocentric navigation. These differ in the frame of reference used and the brain networks activated. However, egocentric navigation can be further divided into two, equally distinct strategies depending on whether the navigator is using subject-to-object relations (egocentric-cue) or direction of body turns (egocentric-response) to navigate. To date, there are no experimental paradigms able to distinguish between participants' employment of allocentric, egocentric-cue and egocentric-response strategies, and to track their usage over time...
December 1, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201255/english-education-for-healthcare-professionals-in-japan
#8
REVIEW
Janelle Moross, Naoko Seki, Ikuko Morio
In a global environment, education for healthcare professionals should include cultivating human resources who have the necessary skills to work in an international arena. This article will review the current status of English education for dental healthcare professionals in Japan. After conducting a literature search using the keywords: English education, Japan, and dental, only a few studies were found that investigated and proposed suggestions for dental professional English education. Even so, these were still in the early stages with outcomes yet to be fully evaluated...
November 2017: Japanese Dental Science Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199447/selection-and-implementation-of-skill-acquisition-programs-by-special-education-teachers-and-staff-for-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Tiffany Kodak, Tom Cariveau, Brittany A LeBlanc, Jacob J Mahon, Regina A Carroll
The present investigation examined special education teachers' selection and use of teaching strategies for receptive identification training with children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in their classrooms. Teachers first responded to a survey in which they provided examples of receptive identification tasks taught in their classrooms, rated the efficacy of teaching strategies, described how they determined whether skills were mastered, listed any assessments they conducted to identify relevant prerequisite skills prior to receptive identification training, described how they selected teaching strategies for use in their classrooms, and listed their years of experience as a teacher and working with children with ASD...
January 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198350/editorial-commentary-healthy-skepticism-an-invaluable-trait
#10
EDITORIAL
Richard L Angelo
Using a switching stick from the posterior portal is a frequently employed method of identifying the location for the subscapularis split for a shoulder arthroscopic Latarjet. However, in a recent cadaveric study, in none of the 20 specimens studied did this technique result in the split being placed in the preferred position-the junction of the superior two-thirds and the inferior one-third of the subscapularis. As a result, if the position of the coracoid graft is too superior, the anteroinferior extension of the glenoid arc and the vector of the conjoined sling may be suboptimal and fail to restrain humeral head translation...
December 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198247/analysis-of-pseudohomophone-orthographic-errors-through-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-fmri
#11
Joan Guardia-Olmos, Daniel Zarabozo-Hurtado, Maribe Peró-Cebollero, Esteban Gudayol-Farré, Fabiola R Gómez-Velázquez, Andrés González-Garrido
The study of orthographic errors in a transparent language such as Spanish is an important topic in relation to writing acquisition because in Spanish it is common to write pseudohomophones as valid words. The main objective of the present study was to explore the possible differences in activation patterns in brain areas while processing pseudohomophone orthographic errors between participants with high (High Spelling Skills (HSS)) and low (Low Spelling Skills (LSS)) spelling orthographic abilities. We hypothesize that (a) the detection of orthographic errors will activate bilateral inferior frontal gyri, and that (b) this effect will be greater in the HSS group...
December 4, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197689/action-research-and-millennials-improving-pedagogical-approaches-to-encourage-critical-thinking
#12
Gwen Erlam, Liz Smythe, Valerie Wright-St Clair
BACKGROUND: This article examines the effects of intergenerational diversity on pedagogical practice in nursing education. While generational cohorts are not entirely homogenous, certain generational features do emerge. These features may require alternative approaches in educational design in order to maximize learning for millennial students. METHOD: Action research is employed with undergraduate millennial nursing students (n=161) who are co-researchers in that they are asked for changes in current simulation environments which will improve their learning in the areas of knowledge acquisition, skill development, critical thinking, and communication...
November 24, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194305/impact-of-a-simulated-clinical-day-with-peer-coaching-and-deliberate-practice-promoting-a-culture-of-safety
#13
Donna M Badowski, Kimberly J Oosterhouse
Nursing education is challenged to shift from task-based proficiencies to higher level competencies with patient safety as a priority. Using a quasi-experimental pretest/posttest design, a simulation-based, peer-coached, deliberate practice clinical substitution was implemented to compare nursing students' knowledge, skills, and attitudes for promoting safety. Our findings demonstrated improved knowledge and skill acquisition in the intervention and control groups. The former trended toward improved team communication attitudes and enteral medication skill performance...
March 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194181/feasibility-of-a-skills-based-group-reintegration-workshop-for-oef-oif-veterans-step-home
#14
Catherine Brawn Fortier, Alexandra Kenna, Kristen Dams-OʼConnor, Jennifer Fonda, Laura K Levin, Colleen Hursh, Hannah Franz, William P Milberg, Regina E McGlinchey
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of a newly developed reintegration workshop for Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF/OIF) Veterans that is based on an evidence-based rehabilitation program shown to be effective in treating mild traumatic brain injury-related symptoms in civilians. Underutilization and resistance to mental health treatment remain a significant problem for OEF/OIF Veterans. Innovative, integrative, transdiagnostic, and acceptable interventions are needed, particularly for this heterogeneous group...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192865/electrocorticography-and-the-early-maturation-of-high-frequency-suppression-within-the-default-mode-network
#15
Kurt E Weaver, Andrew Poliakov, Edward J Novotny, Jared D Olson, Thomas J Grabowski, Jeffrey G Ojemann
OBJECTIVE The acquisition and refinement of cognitive and behavioral skills during development is associated with the maturation of various brain oscillatory activities. Most developmental investigations have identified distinct patterns of low-frequency electrophysiological activity that are characteristic of various behavioral milestones. In this investigation, the authors focused on the cross-sectional developmental properties of high-frequency spectral power from the brain's default mode network (DMN) during goal-directed behavior...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180345/in-person-versus-ehealth-mindfulness-based-intervention-for-adolescents-with-chronic-illness-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Nicholas Chadi, Miriam Kaufman, Elli Weisbaum, Catherine Malboeuf-Hurtubise, Sara Ahola Kohut, Christine Viner, Jake Locke, Dzung X Vo
BACKGROUND: Eight-week mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have a beneficial impact on mental health and well-being in adolescents with chronic health conditions. Usually delivered in person in a group setting, these programs are difficult to access for teens with disabilities or who do not have in-person MBIs available in their communities. OBJECTIVE: This paper outlines the rationale, development, and design of a randomized controlled trial comparing the effects of an MBI delivered in person or via eHealth in adolescents with a chronic illness...
November 27, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175718/does-sound-structure-affect-word-learning-an-eye-tracking-study-of-danish-learning-toddlers
#17
Fabio Trecca, Dorthe Bleses, Thomas O Madsen, Morten H Christiansen
Previous research has shown that Danish-learning children lag behind in early lexical acquisition compared with children learning a number of other languages. This delay has been ascribed to the opaque phonetic structure of Danish, which appears to have fewer reliable segmentation cues than other closely related languages. In support of this hypothesis, recent work has shown that the phonetic properties of Danish negatively affect online language processing in young Danish children. In this study, we used eye-tracking to investigate whether the challenges associated with processing Danish also affect how Danish-learning children between 24 and 35 months of age establish and learn novel label-object mappings...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175430/medical-students-acquisition-of-adolescent-interview-skills-after-coached-role-play
#18
Paritosh Kaul, Jennifer Fisher, Janice L Hanson
PURPOSE: To develop and evaluate an educational activity designed to teach the adolescent HEADS examination METHODS: Participants were third-year medical students in their pediatric clerkships. Students received an article on the HEADS interview and attended an adolescent medicine educational session. The session included individualized goal setting and coached role play. Students' skills in doing a HEADS interview were evaluated through a standardized patient encounter (SPE) with a checklist and a retrospective pre- and post-test survey...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172899/how-does-feedback-from-patients-impact-upon-healthcare-student-clinical-skill-development-and-learning-a-systematic-review
#19
Emma Finch, Jennifer Lethlean, Tanya Rose, Jennifer Fleming, Deborah Theodoros, Ashley Cameron, Adele Coleman, David Copland, Steven M McPhail
BACKGROUND: A key feature of health professionals' training, irrespective of discipline, is the acquisition and application of clinical and communication skills. Despite this, little is known about the potential role of patient feedback on this process. This systematic review aimed to answer the question: How does feedback from patients impact upon healthcare student clinical skill development and learning? DESIGN: Systematic review of published literature. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for studies that explored the effects of patient feedback on student learning and were published before March 2016...
November 26, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169393/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-online-versus-alternative-methods-for-training-licensed-health-care-professionals-to-deliver-clinical-interventions
#20
Helen Richmond, Bethan Copsey, Amanda M Hall, David Davies, Sarah E Lamb
BACKGROUND: Online training is growing in popularity and yet its effectiveness for training licensed health professionals (HCPs) in clinical interventions is not clear. We aimed to systematically review the literature on the effectiveness of online versus alternative training methods in clinical interventions for licensed Health Care Professionals (HCPs) on outcomes of knowledge acquisition, practical skills, clinical behaviour, self-efficacy and satisfaction. METHODS: Seven databases were searched for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) from January 2000 to June 2015...
November 23, 2017: BMC Medical Education
keyword
keyword
16072
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"