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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665761/expert-rater-agreement-and-inter-intrarater-reliability-for-the-furtado-gallagher-computerized-observational-movement-pattern-assessment-system
#1
Ovande Furtado, Jere D Gallagher
Fundamental movement skills (FMS) play a crucial role in a child's motor skill development, as their mastery is related to the acquisition and mastery of specialized sport skills and to a child's general health through the prevention of weight gain and increased level of physical activity. Thus, the accurate and reliable measurement of FMS is of related importance. This article presents the results of two studies intended to assess expert-rater agreement and inter-/intrarater scoring reliability in the administration of a new observational FMS instrument, the Furtado-Gallagher Computerized Observational Movement Pattern Assessment System (FG-COMPASS)...
January 1, 2018: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665214/an-analysis-of-clinical-transition-stresses-experienced-by-dental-students-a-qualitative-methods-approach
#2
M Botelho, X Gao, S Y Bhuyan
INTRODUCTION: Stress in dental students is well established with potential psychological distress, emotional exhaustion and burnout-related symptoms. Little attention has been given to the problems encountered by dental students during the transition from theoretical or paraclinical training to the clinical environment. The aim of this study was to adopt a qualitative research methods approach to understand the perceived stressors during students' clinical transition and provide insights for curriculum planners to enhance learning...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660626/tubulin-posttranslational-modifications-in-in-vitro-matured-prepubertal-and-adult-ovine-oocytes
#3
E Serra, S Succu, F Berlinguer, C Porcu, G G Leoni, S Naitana, S D Gadau
Microtubules (MTs), polymers of alpha/beta-tubulin heterodimers, are involved in crucial functions in eukaryotic cells. MTs physiology can be influenced by a variety of post-translational modifications (PTMs), including tyrosination, detyrosination, delta 2 modification, acetylation, polyglutamylation, polyglycylation. In mammalian oocytes, MTs are essential for meiosis, regulating the formation of meiotic spindle and chromosomes movements. Considering that the patterns of tubulin PTMs (tyrosination, detyrosination, acetylation, polyglutamylation and delta 2 modification) have not been investigated in ovine oocytes, this study has been designed to investigate their presence and quantification in in vitro matured (IVM) adult and prepubertal ovine oocytes...
April 7, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660574/the-effectiveness-of-learning-portfolios-in-learning-participation-and-learners-perceptions-of-skills-and-confidence-in-the-mother-of-preterm-infant
#4
Yi-Chuan Cheng, Li-Li Chen, Yu-Shan Chang, Tsai-Chung Li, Ching-Ju Chen, Li-Chi Huang
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of preterm infant learning portfolios in enabling mothers to develop infant care knowledge and skills, as well as confidence in their abilities. DESIGN: This study used a quasi-experimental design. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The sample consisted of 52 mothers with preterm infants recruited at a neonatal intermediate unit of a medical centre in central Taiwan. Among those, 26 participants in the control group received regular health education and 26 participants in the experimental group received learning portfolios and regular care...
March 22, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659103/real-time-lexical-comprehension-in-young-children-learning-american-sign-language
#5
Kyle MacDonald, Todd LaMarr, David Corina, Virginia A Marchman, Anne Fernald
When children interpret spoken language in real time, linguistic information drives rapid shifts in visual attention to objects in the visual world. This language-vision interaction can provide insights into children's developing efficiency in language comprehension. But how does language influence visual attention when the linguistic signal and the visual world are both processed via the visual channel? Here, we measured eye movements during real-time comprehension of a visual-manual language, American Sign Language (ASL), by 29 native ASL-learning children (16-53 mos, 16 deaf, 13 hearing) and 16 fluent deaf adult signers...
April 16, 2018: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650484/identification-of-new-tools-to-predict-surgical-performance-of-novices-using-a-plastic-surgery-simulator
#6
Roy Kazan, Alex Viezel-Mathieu, Shantale Cyr, Thomas M Hemmerling, Samuel J Lin, Mirko S Gilardino
OBJECTIVE: To identify new tools capable of predicting surgical performance of novices on an augmentation mammoplasty simulator. The pace of technical skills acquisition varies between residents and may necessitate more time than that allotted by residency training before reaching competence. Identifying applicants with superior innate technical abilities might shorten learning curves and the time to reach competence. The objective of this study is to identify new tools that could predict surgical performance of novices on a mammoplasty simulator...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649669/360%C3%A2-virtual-reality-video-for-the-acquisition-of-knot-tying-skills-a-randomised-control-trial
#7
S Yoganathan, D A Finch, Ed Parkin, James Pollard
BACKGROUND: 360° virtual reality (VR) video is an exciting and evolving field. Current technology promotes a totally immersive, 3-dimensional (3D), 360° experience anywhere in the world using simply a smart phone and virtual reality headset. The potential for its application in the field of surgical education is enormous. The aim of this study was to determine knot tying skills taught with a 360-degree VR video compared to conventional 2D video teaching. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This trial was a prospective, randomised controlled study...
April 9, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642710/teaching-residents-how-to-talk-about-death-and-dying-a-mixed-methods-analysis-of-barriers-and-randomized-educational-intervention
#8
David C Miller, Amy M Sullivan, Morgan Soffler, Brett Armstrong, Asha Anandaiah, Laura Rock, Jakob I McSparron, Richard M Schwartzstein, Margaret M Hayes
OBJECTIVES: We present a pilot study exploring the effects of a brief, 30-minute educational intervention targeting resident communication surrounding dying in the intensive care unit (ICU). We sought to determine whether simulation or didactic educational interventions improved resident-reported comfort, preparation, and skill acquisition. We also sought to identify resident barriers to using the word "dying." METHODS: In this mixed-methods prospective study, second- and third-year medical residents were randomized to participate in a simulation-based communication training or a didactic session...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630059/model-surgical-training-skills-acquisition-in-fetoscopic-laser-photocoagulation-of-monochorionic-diamniotic-twin-placenta-using-realistic-simulators
#9
Tuangsit Wataganara, Arundhati Gosavi, Katika Nawapun, Pradip D Vijayakumar, Nisarat Phithakwatchara, Mahesh Choolani, Lin Lin Su, Arijit Biswas, Citra N Z Mattar
Fetoscopic laser coagulation of arterio-venous anastomoses (AVA) in a monochorionic placenta is the standard of care for twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS), but is technically challenging and can lead to significant complications. Acquiring and maintaining the necessary surgical skills require consistent practice, a critical caseload, and time. Training on realistic surgical simulators can potentially shorten this steep learning curve and enables several proceduralists to acquire procedure-specific skills simultaneously...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628882/parietotemporal-stimulation-affects-acquisition-of-novel-grapheme-phoneme-mappings-in-adult-readers
#10
Jessica W Younger, James R Booth
Neuroimaging work from developmental and reading intervention research has suggested a cause of reading failure may be lack of engagement of parietotemporal cortex during initial acquisition of grapheme-phoneme (letter-sound) mappings. Parietotemporal activation increases following grapheme-phoneme learning and successful reading intervention. Further, stimulation of parietotemporal cortex improves reading skill in lower ability adults. However, it is unclear whether these improvements following stimulation are due to enhanced grapheme-phoneme mapping abilities...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625430/grammatical-abilities-in-young-cochlear-implant-recipients-and-children-with-normal-hearing-matched-by-vocabulary-size
#11
Jongmin Jung, David J Ertmer
Purpose: This study sought to expand understanding of the impact of cochlear implantation on grammatical acquisition by comparing young children who have vocabularies of comparable size. Two research questions were investigated: (a) Do young cochlear implant (CI) recipients have grammatical skills comparable to those of children with normal hearing (NH) matched by spoken vocabulary size? (b) Do these groups show associations between vocabulary size and grammatical measures? Method: The participants included 13 CI recipients at 24 months postactivation (chronological ages = 33-60 months; M = 44...
April 5, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620405/neurocognitive-and-behavioral-predictors-of-social-problems-in-adhd-a-bayesian-framework
#12
Michael J Kofler, Sherelle L Harmon, Paula A Aduen, Taylor N Day, Kristin E Austin, Jamie A Spiegel, Lauren Irwin, Dustin E Sarver
OBJECTIVE: Social problems are a key area of functional impairment for children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and converging evidence points to executive dysfunction as a potential mechanism underlying ADHD-related social dysfunction. The evidence is mixed, however, with regard to which neurocognitive abilities account for these relations. METHOD: A well-characterized group of 117 children ages 8-13 (M = 10.45, SD = 1.53; 43 girls; 69.5% Caucasian/Non-Hispanic) with ADHD (n = 77) and without ADHD (n = 40) were administered multiple, counterbalanced tests of neurocognitive functioning and assessed for social skills via multi-informant reports...
March 2018: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620383/who-are-the-noisiest-neighbors-in-the-hood-using-error-analyses-to-study-the-acquisition-of-letter-position-processing
#13
Eva Marinus, Yvette Kezilas, Saskia Kohnen, Serje Robidoux, Anne Castles
This research examines the acquisition of letter-position processing. Study 1 investigated letter-position processing in Grades 1-6 and adult readers, using the occurrence of specific error types as the outcome measure. Between Grades 1 and 2, there was a shift from making more other-word to making more letter-position errors. This shift was a function of reading proficiency, not of years of reading instruction. Based on the multiple-route model of reading development (Grainger, Lété, Bertand, Dufau, & Ziegler, 2012), we argue that the fact that children make fewer other-word errors (i...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619272/population-health-intervention-research-training-the-value-of-public-health-internships-and-mentorship
#14
REVIEW
Anne-Marie Hamelin, Gilles Paradis
Background: Better alignment between academia and public health practice and policies are critical to improve public health actions. Training of future researchers to address complex issues and to conduct transdisciplinary and collaborative research will help improve this alignment. In this paper, we describe the role of internship placements and mentorship for trainees' skills development in population health intervention research and the benefits of embedding research trainees within public health organizations...
2018: Public Health Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616573/physiology-learning-for-veterinary-students-impact-of-guided-practices-on-students-opinion-and-physiological-parameters
#15
Francisco A García-Vázquez, Raquel Romar, Joaquín Gadea, Carmen Matás, Pilar Coy, Salvador Ruiz
Over recent decades, education has increasingly focused on student-centered learning. Guided practices represent a new way of learning for undergraduate students of physiology, whereby the students turn into teacher-students and become more deeply involved in the subject by preparing and teaching a practical (laboratory) class to their peers. The goal was to assess the students' opinions about guided practices and how physiological parameters change during the activity. For this objective, two experiments were performed...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616459/implicit-sequence-learning-is-preserved-in-dyslexic-children
#16
Filomena Inácio, Luís Faísca, Christian Forkstam, Susana Araújo, Inês Bramão, Alexandra Reis, Karl Magnus Petersson
This study investigates the implicit sequence learning abilities of dyslexic children using an artificial grammar learning task with an extended exposure period. Twenty children with developmental dyslexia participated in the study and were matched with two control groups-one matched for age and other for reading skills. During 3 days, all participants performed an acquisition task, where they were exposed to colored geometrical forms sequences with an underlying grammatical structure. On the last day, after the acquisition task, participants were tested in a grammaticality classification task...
April 3, 2018: Annals of Dyslexia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616172/pork-belly-a-simulation-training-model-for-intramuscular-perforator-dissection
#17
Georgios Pafitanis, Damjan Veljanoski, Ali M Ghanem, Simon Myers
Background: Free tissue transfer has evolved from muscle flaps to fasciocutaneous flaps. Dissection of the intramuscular course of feeding vessels is technically challenging. Simulation-based microsurgery skills acquisition is moving toward nonliving training models. Living porcine model or human cadavers are currently cost-ineffective methods for the early learning curve in teaching intramuscular dissection. The aim of this study was to validate an inexpensive ex vivo porcine model simulating harvest of the deep inferior epigastric artery perforator (DIEAP) flap, specifically including perforator intramuscular dissection...
February 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609596/training-community-healthcare-workers-on-the-use-of-information-and-communication-technologies-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-traditional-versus-blended-learning-in-malawi-africa
#18
Nikolaos Mastellos, Tammy Tran, Kanika Dharmayat, Elizabeth Cecil, Hsin-Yi Lee, Cybele C Peng Wong, Winnie Mkandawire, Emmanuel Ngalande, Joseph Tsung-Shu Wu, Victoria Hardy, Baxter Griphin Chirambo, John Martin O'Donoghue
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing uptake of information and communication technologies (ICT) within healthcare services across developing countries, community healthcare workers (CHWs) have limited knowledge to fully utilise computerised clinical systems and mobile apps. The 'Introduction to Information and Communication Technology and eHealth' course was developed with the aim to provide CHWs in Malawi, Africa, with basic knowledge and computer skills to use digital solutions in healthcare delivery...
April 2, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605387/the-place-of-morphology-in-learning-to-read-in-english
#19
REVIEW
Kathleen Rastle
Morphology is a major organising principle of English and other alphabetic languages, but has been largely neglected in theories of reading acquisition. In this article, I develop the view that learning to appreciate morphological relationships may be a vital part of acquiring a direct mapping between printed words and their meanings, represented in the ventral brain pathway of the reading network. I show that morphology provides an important degree of regularity across this mapping in English, and suggest that this regularity is directly associated with irregularity in the mapping between spelling and sound...
February 24, 2018: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605027/determining-the-educational-value-of-a-technical-and-nontechnical-skills-medical-student-curriculum
#20
Edward S Shipper, Sarah E Miller, Brittany N Hasty, Monica M De La Cruz, Sylvia Bereknyei Merrell, Dana T Lin, James N Lau
BACKGROUND: Residency application rates to general surgery remain low. The purpose of this study is to describe the educational value of a curriculum designed to increase preclinical medical student interest in surgical careers to better understand the process by which medical students decide to pursue a career in surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used qualitative methodology to describe the educational value of a technical and nontechnical skills curriculum offered to preclinical medical students at our institution...
May 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
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