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M A Verdano, D Aliani, C Galavotti, C Maroun, E Vaienti, F Ceccarelli
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to retrospectively compare clinical and radiographic outcomes of patients treated with non-lateralizing reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) and with humeral lateralizing RSA after proximal humerus fracture (PHF). METHODS: In total, 32 patients (8 men and 24 women), with a mean age of 77.4 (67-92), have been reevaluated (follow-up of 14.3 months) and divided into Grammont group (G-group-16 patients, 2 men and 14 women, mean age 82...
October 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
Nathan Kirzner, Eldho Paul, Ash Moaveni
BACKGROUND: Bony increased-offset reverse shoulder arthroplasty (BIO-RSA) may address issues such as inferior scapular notching, prosthetic instability and limited postoperative shoulder rotation; all of which have been reported with the standard RSA and attributed to the medialized design. We hypothesised that this lateralization may increase the rate of scapular stress fractures. METHODS: A retrospective review of prospectively collected data was performed on patients who had undergone a RSA between January 2013 and October 2016...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Lionel Neyton, John Erickson, Francesco Ascione, Giulia Bugelli, Enricomaria Lunini, Gilles Walch
BACKGROUND: Scapular fractures after reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) are an increasingly reported complication. Information is missing regarding midterm to long-term follow-up consequences. The aim of this study was to determine the rate of scapular fracture (acromial base and spine) after Grammont-style RSA and to report functional and radiographic results of patients with a minimum 5-year follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 1953 Grammont-style RSAs in 1745 patients in a multicenter study...
September 18, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Jeremiah T Lowe, Sarah M Lawler, Edward J Testa, Andrew Jawa
HYPOTHESIS: Grammont-style reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) has an increased risk of nerve injury compared with anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) due to arm lengthening. We hypothesized that an RSA with a lateralized glenosphere and 135° neck-shaft angle would reduce humeral lengthening and decrease the risk of nerve injury to the level of a TSA. METHODS: The study prospectively enrolled 50 consecutive patients undergoing RSA (n = 30) or TSA (n = 20) as determined by a power analysis based on previous research for our institution...
October 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Joel Kolmodin, Iyooh U Davidson, Bong Jae Jun, Nipun Sodhi, Naveen Subhas, Thomas E Patterson, Zong-Ming Li, Joseph P Iannotti, Eric T Ricchetti
BACKGROUND: Scapular notching is frequently observed following reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA), although the etiology is not well understood. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with preoperative computed tomography (CT) scans who underwent rTSA with a Grammont design were evaluated after a minimum of 2 years of follow-up with video motion analysis (VMA), postoperative three-dimensional (3D) CT, and standard radiographs. The glenohumeral range of motion demonstrated by the VMA and the postoperative implant location on the CT were used in custom simulation software to determine areas of osseous impingement between the humeral implant and the scapula and their relationship to scapular notching on postoperative CT...
July 5, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Ryan Nelson, Jeremiah T Lowe, Sarah M Lawler, Megan Fitzgerald, Matthew T Mantell, Andrew Jawa
Heterotopic ossification and scapular notching are common following reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. Compared with the original Grammont-style prosthesis with a medialized center of rotation (COR) and a 155° neck-shaft angle, lateralization of COR and reduction of neck-shaft angle have been associated with decreased incidence of scapular notching. The authors hypothesized that these design features may also be effective in reducing heterotopic ossification after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. Ninety-seven consecutive patients who underwent reverse total shoulder arthroplasty performed by a single surgeon were included in the study...
July 1, 2018: Orthopedics
Anna Krukenberg, Jan-Philipp Imiolczyk, Philipp Moroder, Markus Scheibel
Shoulder arthroplasty has been performed increasingly during the last years. The concept of modern anatomic shoulder arthroplasty is based on C. S. Neer's first shoulder prosthesis in the 1950s which was originally designed for the treatment of fractures of the proximal humerus. Since then, this monoblock prosthesis has undergone many changes and improvements. By now, an anatomic reconstruction of the joint is possible. Hence, the indications for anatomic shoulder arthroplasty have been added amongst others by osteoarthritis, necrosis, rheumatoid arthritis or posttraumatic arthritis...
April 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Giovanni Merolla, Gilles Walch, Francesco Ascione, Paolo Paladini, Elisabetta Fabbri, Antonio Padolino, Giuseppe Porcellini
BACKGROUND: There are few investigations comparing lateralized and medialized reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) in patients with cuff tear arthropathy. This study assessed the outcomes of 2 RTSA designs. METHODS: Sixty-eight consecutive cuff tear arthropathy patients (74 shoulders) with a follow-up of at least 24 months received a Grammont or an onlay curved short-stem humeral component, with or without glenoid lateralization; a cementless humeral stem was implanted in >90%...
April 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Sébastien Zilber
Background: The first articular metal prosthesis was implanted in the shoulder more than 120 years ago. The aim of this paper is to report shoulder arthroplasty evolution during this time thru the literature of the twentieth century. Methods: A literature review was performed selecting the founding papers about shoulder arthroplasty. Results: After being almost forgotten during the first part of the 20th century, various implants were introduced in the 1950s with Charles Neer as a leader...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Julien Chlasta, Pascale Milani, Gaël Runel, Jean-Luc Duteyrat, Leticia Arias, Laurie-Anne Lamiré, Arezki Boudaoud, Muriel Grammont
The regulation of morphogenesis by the basement membrane (BM) may rely on changes in its mechanical properties. To test this, we developed an atomic force microscopy-based method to measure BM mechanical stiffness during two key processes in Drosophila ovarian follicle development. First, follicle elongation depends on epithelial cells that collectively migrate, secreting BM fibrils perpendicularly to the anteroposterior axis. Our data show that BM stiffness increases during this migration and that fibril incorporation enhances BM stiffness...
December 1, 2017: Development
Birgit S Werner, Francesco Ascione, Giulia Bugelli, Gilles Walch
BACKGROUND: The concept of onlay design reverse shoulder arthroplasty has been introduced to overcome complications observed with the traditional Grammont-type prosthesis. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of arm lengthening on the short-term clinical outcome in onlay reverse shoulder arthroplasty and investigate the effect of humeral tray offset positioning on arm lengthening and range of motion. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 56 patients undergoing reverse shoulder arthroplasty with the Aequalis Ascend Flex prosthesis (Tornier, Bloomington, MN, USA) at a minimum 2 years' follow-up...
December 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Helmut Wegmann, Christoph Würnschimmel, Tanja Kraus, Georg Singer, Robert Eberl, Holger Till, Matthias Sperl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Guillaume Bacle, Laurent Nové-Josserand, Pascal Garaud, Gilles Walch
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing numbers of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) procedures, the long-term results have been rarely reported. We previously reported early outcomes of a cohort of patients treated with a Grammont-style RTSA. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes after a minimum of 10 years, and to document prosthetic survival and complications. METHODS: Clinical outcome assessment was based on the absolute and relative Constant scores and the active range of motion...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Helmut Wegmann, Christoph Würnschimmel, Tanja Kraus, Georg Singer, Robert Eberl, Holger Till, Matthias Sperl
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study is to present the outcome of a cohort of adolescent patients with trochlear dysplasia and elevated tibial tuberosity trochlear groove (TTTG) distance suffering from recurrent patellar dislocation. Treatment consisted of medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction and a modified Grammont procedure. METHODS: MRI examinations were obtained pre- and postoperatively. Trochlear dysplasia was classified according to Déjour, and TTTG was measured on MRI...
March 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
William Liou, Yang Yang, Graysen R Petersen-Fitts, Daniel J Lombardo, Sasha Stine, Vani J Sabesan
BACKGROUND: Manufacturers of reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) implants have recently designed innovative implants to optimize performance in rotator cuff-deficient shoulders. These advancements are not without tradeoffs and can have negative biomechanical effects. The objective of this study was to develop an integrated finite element analysis-kinematic model to compare the muscle forces and joint reaction forces (JRFs) of 3 different RSA designs. METHODS: A kinematic model of a normal shoulder joint was adapted from the Delft model and integrated with the well-validated OpenSim shoulder model...
April 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Gazi Huri, Filippo Familiari, Nima Salari, Steve A Petersen, Mahmut Nedim Doral, Edward G McFarland
AIM: To evaluate whether implant design, glenoid positioning, and other factors influenced instability and scapular notching in reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed records of patients who had undergone reverse total shoulder arthroplasty by the senior author from July 2004 through October 2011 and who had at least 24 mo of follow-up. The 58 patients who met the criteria had 65 arthroplasties: 18 with a Grammont-type prosthesis (Grammont group) and 47 with a lateral-based prosthesis (lateral-design group)...
November 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
Cassandra Lawrence, Gerald R Williams, Surena Namdari
BACKGROUND: Different implant designs are utilized in reverse shoulder arthroplasty. The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the results of reverse shoulder arthroplasty using a traditional (Grammont) prosthesis and a lateralized prosthesis for the treatment of cuff tear arthropathy and massive irreparable rotator cuff tears. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed via a search of two electronic databases. Two reviewers evaluated the quality of methodology and retrieved data from each included study...
September 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
David Dare, Joshua S Dines, Collin Tebo, T Bradley Edwards, Edward V Craig, David M Dines
Developed in 1985, the Grammont-style reverse total shoulder arthroplasty offered a biomechanical advantage for the deltoid muscle as well as predictably reduced pain and improved shoulder function in rotator cuff-deficient shoulders. Despite favorable outcomes, reverse total shoulder arthroplasty is associated with a unique set of complications, one of which is scapular notching. Scapular notching is believed to be a result of mechanical impingement of the humeral component on the lateral scapular pillar. Although it appears that scapular notching progresses with time, its effect on implant survivorship and clinical outcomes is unknown...
2016: Instructional Course Lectures
Kawssar Harb, Elia Magrinelli, Céline S Nicolas, Nikita Lukianets, Laura Frangeul, Mariel Pietri, Tao Sun, Guillaume Sandoz, Franck Grammont, Denis Jabaudon, Michele Studer, Christian Alfano
During cortical development, the identity of major classes of long-distance projection neurons is established by the expression of molecular determinants, which become gradually restricted and mutually exclusive. However, the mechanisms by which projection neurons acquire their final properties during postnatal stages are still poorly understood. In this study, we show that the number of neurons co-expressing Ctip2 and Satb2, respectively involved in the early specification of subcerebral and callosal projection neurons, progressively increases after birth in the somatosensory cortex...
January 27, 2016: ELife
Jonathan J Streit, Yousef Shishani, Reuben Gobezie
Reverse shoulder arthroplasty may be performed using components that medialize or lateralize the center of rotation. The purpose of this prospective study was to directly compare 2 reverse shoulder arthroplasty designs. Two treatment groups and 1 control group were identified. Group I comprised 9 patients using a medialized Grammont-style (GRM) prosthesis with a neck-shaft angle of 155°. Group II comprised 9 patients using a lateralized (LAT) prosthesis with a neck-shaft angle of 135°. Pre- and postoperative assessment of range of motion, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons score, and visual analog scale pain score were performed...
December 2015: Orthopedics
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