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Social care

J Parsons, K Sparrow, K Ismail, K Hunt, H Rogers, A Forbes
AIM: To inform targeted interventions for women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) by exploring the factors that influence their health behaviours and their preferences for lifestyle support. METHODS: Participants were women with previous GDM taken from a diverse inner-city UK population. Data collection involved focus groups (n = 35 women in six groups) and semi-structured interviews (n = 15 women). The transcribed data were analysed using framework analysis...
August 11, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Donna M Zulman, Colin W O'Brien, Cindie Slightam, Jessica Y Breland, David Krauth, Andrea L Nevedal
BACKGROUND: Intensive outpatient programs address the complex medical, social, and behavioral needs of individuals who account for disproportionate healthcare costs. Despite their promise, the impact of these programs is often diminished due to patient engagement challenges (i.e., low rates of patient participation and partnership in care). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify intensive outpatient program features and strategies that increase high-need patient engagement in these programs...
August 10, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Heide Götze, Sabine Taubenheim, Andreas Dietz, Florian Lordick, Anja Mehnert
PURPOSE: Our study provides a detailed overview of comorbid conditions and health-related quality of life of long-term cancer survivors and analyses the impact of demographic, disease- and treatment-related characteristics. METHODS: We present data obtained from 1000 survivors across mixed tumour entities 5 and 10 years after cancer diagnosis in a cross-sectional study. We analyse the prevalence of physical symptoms and health conditions via self-report and health-related quality of life using the EORTC QLQ-C30 in comparison to gender- and age-matched reference values of the general population...
August 10, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
Kathleen Connery, Marie Tippett, Leanna M Delhey, Shannon Rose, John C Slattery, Stephen G Kahler, Juergen Hahn, Uwe Kruger, Madeleine W Cunningham, Craig Shimasaki, Richard E Frye
The identification of brain-targeted autoantibodies in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) raises the possibility of autoimmune encephalopathy (AIE). Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is effective for AIE and for some children with ASD. Here, we present the largest case series of children with ASD treated with IVIG. Through an ASD clinic, we screened 82 children for AIE, 80 of them with ASD. IVIG was recommended for 49 (60%) with 31 (38%) receiving the treatment under our care team. The majority of parents (90%) reported some improvement with 71% reporting improvements in two or more symptoms...
August 10, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
Reena Lasrado, Therése Bielsten, Mark Hann, Linda Davies, James Schumm, Siobhan Reilly, Caroline Swarbrick, John Keady, Ingrid Hellström
BACKGROUND: The increasing rate of dementia and high health and social care costs call for effective measures to improve public health and enhance the wellbeing of people living with dementia and their relational networks. Most postdiagnostic services focus on the condition and the person with dementia with limited attention to the caring spouse or partner. The key focus of the study is to develop a guide for couples where one partner has a diagnosis of dementia. This couple management guide is delivered in the form of an app, DemPower...
August 10, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Grégory Ninot, Philippe Debourdeau, Françoise Blanc-Legier, Françoise De Crozals, Gaétan De Rauglaudre, Samy Khouri, Sylvie Kirscher, Laurent Mineur, Isabelle Piollet, Isabelle Sant, Pierre Schillinger, Daniel Serin
Advances in early detection and treatment have pushed in a few decades the management of cancers from a management model of the end of life to the management of a chronic disease. This evolution has accelerated the development of supportive care in two directions, firstly towards the best possible support to the end of life in advanced cancer patients (palliative care) and secondly to the limitation of treatment toxicities, the prevention of relapse and the return to life as "normal" as possible (care for after cancer)...
August 7, 2018: Bulletin du Cancer
JoAnne M Youngblut, Dorothy Brooten
BACKGROUND: Losing a child is devastating for parents and grandparents. Family and friends generally focus on comforting and supporting the bereaved parents, unintentionally ignoring the bereaved grandparents. Grandmothers and grandfathers often struggle with wanting to help their adult children (deceased child's parents) without usurping the parents' responsibilities and decisions regarding the deceased child. Research on mothers' and grandmothers' health at about the same time after the same child's death in the neonatal or pediatric intensive care unit is lacking...
August 10, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Jane Farmer, Christine Bigby, Hilary Davis, Karen Carlisle, Amanda Kenny, Richard Huysmans
BACKGROUND: Involving consumers in producing health services is mandated in many countries. Evidence indicates consumer partnerships lead to improved service design, quality and innovation. Involving participants from minority groups is crucial because poor understanding of distinctive needs affects individuals' service experiences and outcomes. Few studies consider service compliance with consumer partnering requirements or inclusion of minority group participants. METHODS: An online survey structured by domains of the Australian National Safety and Quality in Health Service Standards (NSQHS, 2013), was conducted...
August 10, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Erik Oudman, Mirjam van Dam, Albert Postma
INTRODUCTION: Loneliness is the subjective negative evaluation of social participation and isolation. Emotional loneliness reflects the absence of close relationships, and social loneliness the absence of a social network. Although loneliness is a growing problem in modern society, studies about loneliness in patients with Korsakoff's syndrome (KS) in need of chronic care are currently missing. METHODS: Sixty-three KS patients in long-term care and their primary caregivers reported loneliness of the patients on the De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale...
August 10, 2018: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
Nilam Shakeel, Line Sletner, Ragnhild Sørum Falk, Kari Slinning, Egil W Martinsen, Anne Karen Jenum, Malin Eberhard-Gran
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) may have adverse effects on both mother and child. The aims were to determine the prevalence of postpartum depressive symptoms, PPDS, identify associations with ethnicity and with the level of social integration. METHOD: Population-based, prospective cohort study of 643 pregnant women (58% ethnic minorities) attending primary antenatal care in Oslo. Questionnaires regarding demographics and health issues were collected through interviews...
July 24, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Joline Goossens, Marjon De Roose, Ann Van Hecke, Régine Goemaes, Sofie Verhaeghe, Dimitri Beeckman
BACKGROUND: Healthcare providers play an important role in providing preconception care to women and men of childbearing age. Yet, the provision of preconception care by healthcare providers remains low. OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of barriers and facilitators at multiple levels that influence the provision of preconception care by healthcare providers. DESIGN: A mixed-methods systematic review. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Web of Science, CINAHL, The Cochrane Library, and EMBASE were systematically searched up to April 27, 2017...
June 18, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Graham Reynolds, Cecily Portillo, Mark R Serper
BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study contrasted chronically hospitalized schizophrenia (SZ) spectrum disorder inpatients to SZ community dwelling patients on measures of psychopathology, social competence, neuropsychological performance and real-world functioning in order to discern factors predictive of patients' residency status and to characterize the contrasting ends of the SZ outcome continuum. METHOD: Subjects included 26 chronic SZ patients hospitalized continuously on average for 12...
August 2, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Marlaine Figueroa Gray, Evette J Ludman, Tara Beatty, Abby R Rosenberg, Karen J Wernli
PURPOSE: Previous studies have called for further research to explore adolescent and young adult (AYA) decision-making in the context of advanced cancer to understand the perspectives of this understudied population. We conducted a qualitative study with patients and providers to better understand the decision-making experience of AYA patients with advanced stages of cancer. METHODS: Semistructured qualitative telephone interviews were conducted from April 2016 to October 2016...
August 10, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Shan Qiao, Xiaoming Li, Yuejiao Zhou, Zhiyong Shen, Bonita Stanton
Individuals' attitudes toward evidence-based practices (EBP) are critical in adopting, implementing and maintaining the EBP in clinical settings. Multiple empirical studies have examined how work context may shape perceptions and attitudes towards EBP. The current study aims to further explore how both work and family contexts, as assessed by three psychosocial indicators (i.e., occupational stress, work-related social support from coworkers, and work-related social support from family), may affect attitudes toward EBP among health care providers in HIV clinics in China...
2018: PloS One
Šemsa Šabanović, Selvira Draganović
INTRODUCTION: Mental health services after the war 1992-1995 in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B-H) are primarily reduced to the public care, though, there are not enough professionals in existing conditions, and they are not able to respond to cover all the cases. This leaves the room to non governmental organizations (NGO) and private mental health care professionals in providing psycho-social services to vulnerable populations. Islamic Relief World Wide (IRWW), United Kingdom (UK) based humanitarian organisation, whose personal working within Orphans department, took part in this mission to contribute B-H citizens wellbeing...
July 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Barbara B Brewer, Kathleen M Carley, Marge M Benham-Hutchins, Judith A Effken, Jeffrey Reminga, Michael Kowalchuck
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare information sharing and advice networks' relationships with patient safety outcomes. BACKGROUND: Communication contributes to medical errors, but rarely is it clear what elements of communication are key. METHODS: We investigated relationships of information-sharing and advice networks to patient safety outcomes in 24 patient care units from 3 hospitals over 7 months. Web-based questionnaires completed via Android tablets provided data to create 2 networks using ORA, a social network analysis application...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
Brayden N Kameg, Donna G Nativio
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Primary care providers who encounter children are often the first line of contact for individuals with gender dysphoria, which occurs when sex assigned at birth is incongruent with one's true, expressed sexual identity. Because those with untreated gender dysphoria are at risk of a variety of negative outcomes, including mood symptomatology, suicidality, substance use disorders, and other psychosocial risk factors, it is critical that health care providers are adept in the provision of holistic, patient-centered care...
August 6, 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
Emily A Eismann, Robert A Shapiro, Jonathan Thackeray, Kathi Makoroff, Colleen J Bressler, Grace J Kim, Lori Vavul-Roediger, Paul McPherson, Eugene Izsak, Sandra P Spencer
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to assess the ability of pediatric health care providers and social workers to recognize sentinel injuries in infants under 6 months of age and to determine what factors influence their decision to evaluate for physical abuse. METHODS: A statewide collaborative focused on sentinel injuries administered a survey to pediatric health care providers and social workers in the emergency department, urgent care, and primary care...
August 8, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
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