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"Systematic Review of Systematic Reviews"

B Patro-Gołąb, B M Zalewski, M Kołodziej, S Kouwenhoven, L Poston, K M Godfrey, B Koletzko, J B van Goudoever, H Szajewska
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Dianna Wolfe, Fatemeh Yazdi, Salmaan Kanji, Lisa Burry, Andrew Beck, Claire Butler, Leila Esmaeilisaraji, Candyce Hamel, Mona Hersi, Becky Skidmore, David Moher, Brian Hutton
BACKGROUND: Preventable adverse drug reactions (PADRs) in inpatients are associated with harm, including increased length of stay and potential loss of life, and result in elevated costs of care. We conducted an overview of reviews (i.e., a systematic review of systematic reviews) to determine the incidence of PADRs experienced by inpatients. Secondary review objectives were related to assessment of the effects of patient age, setting, and clinical specialty on PADR incidence. METHODS: The protocol was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42016043220)...
2018: PloS One
Simin Dokht Kalani, Parviz Azadfallah, Hamidreza Oreyzi, Peyman Adibi
Occupational burnout is a common syndrome among physicians, and several individual-directed and organization-directed interventions have been implemented to reduce it. Until now, several review studies have tried to identify and introduce the most appropriate interventions. The aim of this article was to systematically review systematic review studies of interventions for physician burnout to evaluate and summarize their results, and ultimately guide researchers to select appropriate interventions. A search was conducted to find review studies and systematic reviews in Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Medline, Google Scholar, PubMed, and PsycINFO...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Fiona Crawford-Williams, Sonja March, Belinda C Goodwin, Nicholas Ralph, Daniel A Galvão, Robert U Newton, Suzanne K Chambers, Jeff Dunn
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence for interventions addressing key domains of the American Cancer Society (ACS) and American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Prostate Cancer Survivorship Care Guidelines: health promotion, surveillance, physical side effects, psychosocial management, and care coordination. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of interventions targeting ACS/ASCO guideline domains. All titles and abstracts were independently assessed for inclusion based on predetermined criteria...
October 2018: Psycho-oncology
Sandra Martins Pereira, Pablo Hernández-Marrero
Several outcome measures have been systematically implemented to be used in palliative care. However, routine use in clinical practice is not without ethical challenges, which are not commonly addressed. The objectives of this study are therefore (I) to identify the ethical challenges/issues of outcome measurement in palliative care and (II) to understand how these ethical challenges/issues are addressed in palliative care clinical practice. The study consisted of a systematic review of systematic reviews, which is a type of review that brings together a summary of reviews in one place...
October 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
Angharad Kate Woolley, Michelle Hadjiconstantinou, Melanie Davies, Kamlesh Khunti, Samuel Seidu
AIMS: Online patient education is a growing form of support to patients with chronic conditions, including type 2 diabetes (Type 2 DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Multiple systematic reviews have been undertaken on this topic with conflicting results. We aim to explore the applications of online patient education in Type 2 DM and CVD and synthesise current evidence. METHODS: A systematic review of systematic reviews was performed. Ovid Medline, EMBASE and Cochrane Database were searched between January 2005 and May 2018...
August 18, 2018: Primary Care Diabetes
Mehdi Jafari, Seyed Masood Mousavi, Asra Asgharzadeh, Neda Yazdani
INTRODUCTION: This article is an attempt to provide an overview of systematic reviews to determine the efficacy of CQ10 supplementation in the treatment of patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD). METHOD AND MATERIAL: All reviews were identified through a systematic search of the following databases: Cochrane, DARE, Ovid, EMBASE, ISI Web of Knowledge, and PubMed. Check references studies and the quality of the studies was assessed by means of AMSTTAR. No meta-analyses were performed due to the heterogeneity of studies...
July 2018: Indian Heart Journal
Kathryn E Smith, Tyler B Mason, Jeffrey S Johnson, Jason M Lavender, Stephen A Wonderlich
OBJECTIVE: In recent years there has been increasing clinical and empirical interest in neurocognitive functioning in eating disorders (EDs), which has resulted in numerous quantitative and qualitative reviews. However, there has yet to be a comprehensive synthesis or critical review of this literature to identify future directions to advance the field in this area. Therefore the aim of this systematic review of systematic reviews was to (a) characterize the existing literature on neurocognitive functioning in EDs based on recent reviews (i...
August 13, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Rafael G Dos Santos, José Carlos Bouso, Miguel Ángel Alcázar-Córcoles, Jaime E C Hallak
Mood, anxiety, and substance-use disorders are among the most prevalent psychiatric disorders in the population. Although several pharmacological treatments are available, they are not effective for a significant proportion of patients and are associated with several adverse reactions. Therefore, new treatments should be explored. Recent studies suggest that serotonergic hallucinogens/psychedelics including ayahuasca, psilocybin, and lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) have anxiolytic, antidepressive, and antiaddictive effects...
September 2018: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
Leidy Johana Rangel-Rincón, Annie M Vivares-Builes, Javier Enrique Botero, Andrés A Agudelo-Suárez
OBJECTIVE: In the recent years, efforts have been made to reduce epidemiologic indicators of periodontal disease in pregnant women. This umbrella review aims to analyze the systematic reviews/meta-analyses investigating the effect of periodontal therapy in pregnant women on the frequency of obstetric complications (low birth weight, preterm delivery, and preeclampsia) and to identify the gaps in the scientific literature. METHODS: A systematic review of systematic reviews with and without meta-analysis of intervention studies was conducted...
September 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
Fatimah Jackson-Best, Nancy Edwards
BACKGROUND: Stigma across HIV/AIDS, mental illness, and physical disability can be co-occurring and may interact with other forms of stigma related to social identities like race, gender, and sexuality. Stigma is especially problematic for people living with these conditions because it can create barriers to accessing necessary social and structural supports, which can intensify their experiences with stigma. This review aims to contribute to the knowledge on stigma by advancing a cross-analysis of HIV/AIDS, mental illness, and physical disability stigma, and exploring whether and how intersectionality frameworks have been used in the systematic reviews of stigma...
July 27, 2018: BMC Public Health
Niklas Bobrovitz, Carl Heneghan, Igho Onakpoya, Benjamin Fletcher, Dylan Collins, Alice Tompson, Joseph Lee, David Nunan, Rebecca Fisher, Brittney Scott, Jack O'Sullivan, Oliver Van Hecke, Brian D Nicholson, Sarah Stevens, Nia Roberts, Kamal R Mahtani
BACKGROUND: Rates of emergency hospitalisations are increasing in many countries, leading to disruption in the quality of care and increases in cost. Therefore, identifying strategies to reduce emergency admission rates is a key priority. There have been large-scale evidence reviews to address this issue; however, there have been no reviews of medication therapies, which have the potential to reduce the use of emergency health-care services. The objectives of this study were to review systematically the evidence to identify medications that affect emergency hospital admissions and prioritise therapies for quality measurement and improvement...
July 26, 2018: BMC Medicine
Michael H K Chu, Irene X Y Wu, Robin S T Ho, Charlene H L Wong, Anthony L Zhang, Yan Zhang, Justin C Y Wu, Vincent C H Chung
Background: Pharmacotherapy, including prokinetics and proton pump inhibitors for functional dyspepsia (FD) have limited effectiveness, and their safety has been recently questioned. Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) could be considered as an alternative. A systematic review (SR) of SRs was performed to evaluate the potential effectiveness and safety of CHM. Method: We conducted a comprehensive literature search for SRs with meta-analyses in eight international and Chinese databases...
2018: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
Nicola Heslehurst, Heather Brown, Augustina Pemu, Hayley Coleman, Judith Rankin
BACKGROUND: Global migration is at an all-time high with implications for perinatal health. Migrant women, especially asylum seekers and refugees, represent a particularly vulnerable group. Understanding the impact on the perinatal health of women and offspring is an important prerequisite to improving care and outcomes. The aim of this systematic review was to summarise the current evidence base on perinatal health outcomes and care among women with asylum seeker or refugee status. METHODS: Twelve electronic database, reference list and citation searches (1 January 2007-July 2017) were carried out between June and July 2017...
June 12, 2018: BMC Medicine
Marjorie C Johnston, Michael Crilly, Corri Black, Gordon J Prescott, Stewart W Mercer
Background: Multimorbidity, the coexistence of multiple health conditions, is a growing public health challenge. Research and intervention development are hampered by the lack of consensus regarding defining and measuring multimorbidity. The aim of this systematic review was to pool the findings of systematic reviews examining definitions and measures of multimorbidity. Methods: Medline, Embase, PubMed and Cochrane were searched from database inception to February 2017...
June 5, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Giorgia Gon, Andreia Leite, Clara Calvert, Susannah Woodd, Wendy J Graham, Veronique Filippi
BACKGROUND: Estimates of the burden of maternal morbidity are patchy. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of systematic reviews of maternal conditions to: (1) make available the most up-to-date frequency estimates; (2) identify which conditions do not have reliable estimates; and (3) scrutinize the quality of the available reviews. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched Embase, MEDLINE, and CINAHL, combining terms for pregnancy, frequency (e.g...
May 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Thomas G Poder, Jean-François Fisette, Véronique Déry
Speech recognition is increasingly used in medical reporting. The aim of this article is to identify in the literature the strengths and weaknesses of this technology, as well as barriers to and facilitators of its implementation. A systematic review of systematic reviews was performed using PubMed, Scopus, the Cochrane Library and the Center for Reviews and Dissemination through August 2017. The gray literature has also been consulted. The quality of systematic reviews has been assessed with the AMSTAR checklist...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
Siok Shen Ng, Nai Ming Lai, Surakit Nathisuwan, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk
INTRODUCTION: Anticoagulation therapy is the fundamental approach for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. Numerous systematic reviews comparing anticoagulation strategies have been published. We aim to summarize the efficacy and safety evidence of these strategies in AF patients from previously published systematic reviews. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane library from inception to Feb 24th, 2017, to identify systematic reviews and meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials that assessed interventions or strategies to improve oral anticoagulant use in AF patients...
July 2018: Clinical Drug Investigation
G Michael Allan, Caitlin R Finley, Joey Ton, Danielle Perry, Jamil Ramji, Karyn Crawford, Adrienne J Lindblad, Christina Korownyk, Michael R Kolber
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of medical cannabinoids on pain, spasticity, and nausea and vomiting, and to identify adverse events. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, the Cochrane Database, and the references of included studies were searched. STUDY SELECTION: Systematic reviews with 2 or more randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that focused on medical cannabinoids for pain, spasticity, or nausea and vomiting were included. For adverse events, any meta-analysis for the conditions listed or of adverse events of cannabinoids was included...
February 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Milena Soriano Marcolino, João Antonio Queiroz Oliveira, Marcelo D'Agostino, Antonio Luiz Ribeiro, Maria Beatriz Moreira Alkmim, David Novillo-Ortiz
BACKGROUND: Mobile phone usage has been rapidly increasing worldwide. mHealth could efficiently deliver high-quality health care, but the evidence supporting its current effectiveness is still mixed. OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review of systematic reviews to assess the impact or effectiveness of mobile health (mHealth) interventions in different health conditions and in the processes of health care service delivery. METHODS: We used a common search strategy of five major scientific databases, restricting the search by publication date, language, and parameters in methodology and content...
January 17, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
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