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"Systematic Review of Systematic Reviews"

Kathryn E Smith, Tyler B Mason, Jeffrey S Johnson, Jason M Lavender, Stephen A Wonderlich
OBJECTIVE: In recent years there has been increasing clinical and empirical interest in neurocognitive functioning in eating disorders (EDs), which has resulted in numerous quantitative and qualitative reviews. However, there has yet to be a comprehensive synthesis or critical review of this literature to identify future directions to advance the field in this area. Therefore the aim of this systematic review of systematic reviews was to (a) characterize the existing literature on neurocognitive functioning in EDs based on recent reviews (i...
August 13, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Rafael G Dos Santos, José Carlos Bouso, Miguel Ángel Alcázar-Córcoles, Jaime E C Hallak
Mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders are among the most prevalent psychiatric disorders in the population. Although several pharmacological treatments are available, they are not effective for a significant proportion of patients and are associated with several adverse reactions. Therefore, new treatments should be explored. Recent with serotonergic hallucinogens/psychedelics including ayahuasca, psilocybin and lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) suggest that these drugs have anxiolytic, antidepressive, and antiaddictive effects...
August 13, 2018: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
Leidy Johana Rangel-Rincón, Annie M Vivares-Builes, Javier Enrique Botero, Andrés A Agudelo-Suárez
OBJECTIVE: In the recent years, efforts have been made to reduce epidemiologic indicators of periodontal disease in pregnant women. This umbrella review aims to analyze the systematic reviews/meta-analyses investigating the effect of periodontal therapy in pregnant women on the frequency of obstetric complications (low birth weight, preterm delivery, and preeclampsia) and to identify the gaps in the scientific literature. METHODS: A systematic review of systematic reviews with and without meta-analysis of intervention studies was conducted...
September 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
Fatimah Jackson-Best, Nancy Edwards
BACKGROUND: Stigma across HIV/AIDS, mental illness, and physical disability can be co-occurring and may interact with other forms of stigma related to social identities like race, gender, and sexuality. Stigma is especially problematic for people living with these conditions because it can create barriers to accessing necessary social and structural supports, which can intensify their experiences with stigma. This review aims to contribute to the knowledge on stigma by advancing a cross-analysis of HIV/AIDS, mental illness, and physical disability stigma, and exploring whether and how intersectionality frameworks have been used in the systematic reviews of stigma...
July 27, 2018: BMC Public Health
Niklas Bobrovitz, Carl Heneghan, Igho Onakpoya, Benjamin Fletcher, Dylan Collins, Alice Tompson, Joseph Lee, David Nunan, Rebecca Fisher, Brittney Scott, Jack O'Sullivan, Oliver Van Hecke, Brian D Nicholson, Sarah Stevens, Nia Roberts, Kamal R Mahtani
BACKGROUND: Rates of emergency hospitalisations are increasing in many countries, leading to disruption in the quality of care and increases in cost. Therefore, identifying strategies to reduce emergency admission rates is a key priority. There have been large-scale evidence reviews to address this issue; however, there have been no reviews of medication therapies, which have the potential to reduce the use of emergency health-care services. The objectives of this study were to review systematically the evidence to identify medications that affect emergency hospital admissions and prioritise therapies for quality measurement and improvement...
July 26, 2018: BMC Medicine
Michael H K Chu, Irene X Y Wu, Robin S T Ho, Charlene H L Wong, Anthony L Zhang, Yan Zhang, Justin C Y Wu, Vincent C H Chung
Background: Pharmacotherapy, including prokinetics and proton pump inhibitors for functional dyspepsia (FD) have limited effectiveness, and their safety has been recently questioned. Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) could be considered as an alternative. A systematic review (SR) of SRs was performed to evaluate the potential effectiveness and safety of CHM. Method: We conducted a comprehensive literature search for SRs with meta-analyses in eight international and Chinese databases...
2018: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
Nicola Heslehurst, Heather Brown, Augustina Pemu, Hayley Coleman, Judith Rankin
BACKGROUND: Global migration is at an all-time high with implications for perinatal health. Migrant women, especially asylum seekers and refugees, represent a particularly vulnerable group. Understanding the impact on the perinatal health of women and offspring is an important prerequisite to improving care and outcomes. The aim of this systematic review was to summarise the current evidence base on perinatal health outcomes and care among women with asylum seeker or refugee status. METHODS: Twelve electronic database, reference list and citation searches (1 January 2007-July 2017) were carried out between June and July 2017...
June 12, 2018: BMC Medicine
Marjorie C Johnston, Michael Crilly, Corri Black, Gordon J Prescott, Stewart W Mercer
Background: Multimorbidity, the coexistence of multiple health conditions, is a growing public health challenge. Research and intervention development are hampered by the lack of consensus regarding defining and measuring multimorbidity. The aim of this systematic review was to pool the findings of systematic reviews examining definitions and measures of multimorbidity. Methods: Medline, Embase, PubMed and Cochrane were searched from database inception to February 2017...
June 5, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Giorgia Gon, Andreia Leite, Clara Calvert, Susannah Woodd, Wendy J Graham, Veronique Filippi
BACKGROUND: Estimates of the burden of maternal morbidity are patchy. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of systematic reviews of maternal conditions to: (1) make available the most up-to-date frequency estimates; (2) identify which conditions do not have reliable estimates; and (3) scrutinize the quality of the available reviews. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched Embase, MEDLINE, and CINAHL, combining terms for pregnancy, frequency (e.g...
May 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Thomas G Poder, Jean-François Fisette, Véronique Déry
Speech recognition is increasingly used in medical reporting. The aim of this article is to identify in the literature the strengths and weaknesses of this technology, as well as barriers to and facilitators of its implementation. A systematic review of systematic reviews was performed using PubMed, Scopus, the Cochrane Library and the Center for Reviews and Dissemination through August 2017. The gray literature has also been consulted. The quality of systematic reviews has been assessed with the AMSTAR checklist...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
Siok Shen Ng, Nai Ming Lai, Surakit Nathisuwan, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk
INTRODUCTION: Anticoagulation therapy is the fundamental approach for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. Numerous systematic reviews comparing anticoagulation strategies have been published. We aim to summarize the efficacy and safety evidence of these strategies in AF patients from previously published systematic reviews. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane library from inception to Feb 24th, 2017, to identify systematic reviews and meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials that assessed interventions or strategies to improve oral anticoagulant use in AF patients...
July 2018: Clinical Drug Investigation
G Michael Allan, Caitlin R Finley, Joey Ton, Danielle Perry, Jamil Ramji, Karyn Crawford, Adrienne J Lindblad, Christina Korownyk, Michael R Kolber
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of medical cannabinoids on pain, spasticity, and nausea and vomiting, and to identify adverse events. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, the Cochrane Database, and the references of included studies were searched. STUDY SELECTION: Systematic reviews with 2 or more randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that focused on medical cannabinoids for pain, spasticity, or nausea and vomiting were included. For adverse events, any meta-analysis for the conditions listed or of adverse events of cannabinoids was included...
February 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Milena Soriano Marcolino, João Antonio Queiroz Oliveira, Marcelo D'Agostino, Antonio Luiz Ribeiro, Maria Beatriz Moreira Alkmim, David Novillo-Ortiz
BACKGROUND: Mobile phone usage has been rapidly increasing worldwide. mHealth could efficiently deliver high-quality health care, but the evidence supporting its current effectiveness is still mixed. OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review of systematic reviews to assess the impact or effectiveness of mobile health (mHealth) interventions in different health conditions and in the processes of health care service delivery. METHODS: We used a common search strategy of five major scientific databases, restricting the search by publication date, language, and parameters in methodology and content...
January 17, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Wálleri C Reis, Aline F Bonetti, Wallace E Bottacin, Alcindo S Reis, Thaís T Souza, Roberto Pontarolo, Cassyano J Correr, Fernando Fernandez-Llimos
Objective: The purpose of this overview (systematic review of systematic reviews) is to evaluate the impact of clinical decision support systems (CDSS) applied to medication use in the care process. Methods: A search for systematic reviews that address CDSS was performed on Medline following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) and Cochrane recommendations. Terms related to CDSS and systematic reviews were used in combination with Boolean operators and search field tags to build the electronic search strategy...
October 2017: Pharmacy Practice
Mary Halter, Olga Boiko, Ferruccio Pelone, Carole Beighton, Ruth Harris, Julia Gale, Stephen Gourlay, Vari Drennan
BACKGROUND: Nurses leaving their jobs and the profession are an issue of international concern, with supply-demand gaps for nurses reported to be widening. There is a large body of existing literature, much of which is already in review form. In order to advance the usefulness of the literature for nurse and human resource managers, we undertook an overview (review of systematic reviews). The aim of the overview was to identify high quality evidence of the determinants and consequences of turnover in adult nursing...
December 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
Rosario Caruso, Arianna Magon, Irene Baroni, Federica Dellafiore, Cristina Arrigoni, Francesco Pittella, Davide Ausili
Aim To summarize, critically review, and interpret the evidence related to the systematic reviews on health literacy (HL) amongst type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods The methodology for this study consisted of a systematic review of systematic reviews, using the PRISMA statement and flowchart to select studies, and searching on PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, and Cochrane. The search covered the period between January 2006 and June 2016. Results From the 115 identified record by the queries, only six systematic reviews were included, following a quality evaluation using AMSTAR...
January 2018: Acta Diabetologica
Myriam Jaam, Ahmed Awaisu, Mohamed Izham Ibrahim, Nadir Kheir
BACKGROUND: Nonadherence to medications is a common phenomenon in patients with diabetes. Several studies and systematic reviews have investigated the barriers to medication adherence in diabetes. However, no study has evaluated the quality of the existing literature and synthesized the plethora of evidence with a goal to design holistic conceptual frameworks and interventions. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this review were to systematically evaluate existing systematic reviews focusing on factors associated with medication adherence in diabetes in an effort to synthesize the evidence, determine their methodological quality, and identify the gaps in the current literature...
September 2017: Value in Health Regional Issues
M K Doll, N Winters, C Boikos, H Kraicer-Melamed, G Gore, C Quach
Objectives: To review evidence from systematic reviews and/or meta-analyses (SR/MAs) regarding neuraminidase inhibitor (NI) safety and effectiveness. Methods: We conducted an SR of SR/MAs of randomized control and/or observational studies. We searched eight electronic databases for SR/MAs that examined the effectiveness or safety of NIs administered for influenza (i.e. influenza-like illness or lab-confirmed) treatment or prophylaxis. Results: We identified 27 (0...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Jennifer Chipps, Mary Ann Jarvis, Suvira Ramlall
As the older adult population group has been increasing in size, there has been evidence of growing social isolation and loneliness in their lives. The increased use of information communication technology and Internet-supported interventions has stimulated an interest in the benefits of e-Interventions for older people and specifically in having a role in increasing social networks and decreasing loneliness. A systematic review of e-Interventions to reduce loneliness in older people was conducted with the aim to synthesize high quality evidence on the effectiveness of e-Interventions to decrease social isolation/loneliness for older people living in community/residential care...
December 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
N Leigh-Hunt, D Bagguley, K Bash, V Turner, S Turnbull, N Valtorta, W Caan
OBJECTIVES: Social isolation and loneliness have been associated with ill health and are common in the developed world. A clear understanding of their implications for morbidity and mortality is needed to gauge the extent of the associated public health challenge and the potential benefit of intervention. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review of systematic reviews (systematic overview) was undertaken to determine the wider consequences of social isolation and loneliness, identify any differences between the two, determine differences from findings of non-systematic reviews and to clarify the direction of causality...
November 2017: Public Health
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