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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096678/risperidone-improves-interpersonal-perception-and-executive-function-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#1
Zhenhe Zhou, Yuanyuan Zhu, Jun Wang, Hongmei Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether risperidone improves social cognitive impairments and executive dysfunction in people with schizophrenia. METHODS: Fifty-six patients who met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia were allocated to a risperidone treatment group (RTG, n=28) and a typical antipsychotic treatment group (TATG, n=28). Twenty-eight healthy volunteers were recruited as the normal control group (NCG)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096442/kinetic-modeling-of-incremental-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-exchanges
#2
Steven Guest, John K Leypoldt, Michelle E Cassin, Martin J Schreiber
♦ Background: Incremental peritoneal dialysis (PD), the gradual introduction of dialysate exchanges at less than full-dose therapy, has been infrequently described in clinical reports. One concern with less than full-dose dialysis is whether urea clearance targets are achievable with an incremental regimen. In this report, we used a large database of PD patients, across all membrane transport types, and performed urea kinetic modeling determinations of possible incremental regimens for an individual membrane type...
January 17, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095892/comparative-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-chuna-manual-therapy-versus-conventional-usual-care-for-nonacute-low-back-pain-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-multicenter-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial-pcrn-study
#3
Byung-Cheul Shin, Me-Riong Kim, Jae-Heung Cho, Jae-Young Jung, Koh-Woon Kim, Jun-Hwan Lee, Kibong Nam, Min Ho Lee, Eui-Hyoung Hwang, Kwang-Ho Heo, Namkwen Kim, In-Hyuk Ha
BACKGROUND: While Chuna manual therapy is a Korean manual therapy widely used primarily for low back pain (LBP)-related disorders in Korea, well-designed studies on the comparative effectiveness of Chuna manual therapy are scarce. METHODS/DESIGN: This study is the protocol for a three-armed, multicenter, pragmatic randomized controlled pilot trial. Sixty severe nonacute LBP patients (pain duration of at least 3 weeks, Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) ≥5) will be recruited at four Korean medicine hospitals...
January 17, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094848/the-eighth-edition-ajcc-cancer-staging-manual-continuing-to-build-a-bridge-from-a-population-based-to-a-more-personalized-approach-to-cancer-staging
#4
Mahul B Amin, Frederick L Greene, Stephen B Edge, Carolyn C Compton, Jeffrey E Gershenwald, Robert K Brookland, Laura Meyer, Donna M Gress, David R Byrd, David P Winchester
The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging manual has become the benchmark for classifying patients with cancer, defining prognosis, and determining the best treatment approaches. Many view the primary role of the tumor, lymph node, metastasis (TNM) system as that of a standardized classification system for evaluating cancer at a population level in terms of the extent of disease, both at initial presentation and after surgical treatment, and the overall impact of improvements in cancer treatment...
January 17, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091349/intranasal-oxytocin-increases-facial-expressivity-but-not-ratings-of-trustworthiness-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-healthy-controls
#5
J D Woolley, B Chuang, C Fussell, S Scherer, B Biagianti, D Fulford, D H Mathalon, S Vinogradov
BACKGROUND: Blunted facial affect is a common negative symptom of schizophrenia. Additionally, assessing the trustworthiness of faces is a social cognitive ability that is impaired in schizophrenia. Currently available pharmacological agents are ineffective at improving either of these symptoms, despite their clinical significance. The hypothalamic neuropeptide oxytocin has multiple prosocial effects when administered intranasally to healthy individuals and shows promise in decreasing negative symptoms and enhancing social cognition in schizophrenia...
January 16, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090515/a-systematic-review-of-combinatorial-treatment-with-warming-and-invigorating-drugs-and-levothyroxine-for-hypothyroidism-caused-by-hashimoto-disease
#6
Xiangwen Cheng, Zixiao Wei, Guangde Zhang, Xin Shao, Bo Li, Rui Gao
BACKGROUND: We used the systematic review method to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of combinatorial treatment with warming and invigorating drugs and levothyroxine on hypothyroidism caused by Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT). METHODS: We set inclusion and exclusion criteria, searched for studies using electronic databases and manual retrieval, selected studies according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and assessed the qualities of the included studies according to the Jadad scale...
December 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090192/spinal-rehabilitative-exercise-or-manual-treatment-for-the-prevention-of-cervicogenic-headache-in-adults
#7
Mitchell Haas, Gert Brønfort, Roni L Evans, Brent Leininger, John Schmitt, Morris Levin, Kristine Westrom, Charles H Goldsmith
This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows: To quantify and compare the short- and long-term effects of manual treatment and spinal rehabilitative exercise for cervicogenic headache, classified according to the International Headache Society's (IHS) diagnostic criteria, with an active or placebo/sham comparison or wait-list control.
May 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089655/statins-and-primary-prevention-of-venous-thromboembolism-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Setor K Kunutsor, Samuel Seidu, Kamlesh Khunti
BACKGROUND: Statins have been suggested to have a protective effect on venous thromboembolism (which includes deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism), but the evidence is uncertain. We sought to evaluate the extent to which statins are associated with first venous thromboembolism events. METHODS: We did a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational cohort studies and randomised controlled trials (RCTs). Relevant studies that reported associations between statins and first venous thromboembolism outcomes were identified from MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and a manual search of bibliographies for studies published up until July 18, 2016, and from email correspondence with investigators...
January 12, 2017: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089602/particle-swarm-optimizer-for-weighting-factor-selection-in-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-optimization-algorithms
#9
Jie Yang, Pengcheng Zhang, Liyuan Zhang, Huazhong Shu, Baosheng Li, Zhiguo Gui
In inverse treatment planning of intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), the objective function is typically the sum of the weighted sub-scores, where the weights indicate the importance of the sub-scores. To obtain a high-quality treatment plan, the planner manually adjusts the objective weights using a trial-and-error procedure until an acceptable plan is reached. In this work, a new particle swarm optimization (PSO) method which can adjust the weighting factors automatically was investigated to overcome the requirement of manual adjustment, thereby reducing the workload of the human planner and contributing to the development of a fully automated planning process...
January 12, 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089397/challenges-for-critical-raw-material-recovery-from-weee-the-case-study-of-gallium
#10
Maximilian Ueberschaar, Sarah Julie Otto, Vera Susanne Rotter
Gallium and gallium compounds are more frequently used in future oriented technologies such as photovoltaics, light diodes and semiconductor technology. In the long term the supply risk is estimated to be critical. Germany is one of the major primary gallium producer, recycler of gallium from new scrap and GaAs wafer producer. Therefore, new concepts for a resource saving handling of gallium and appropriate recycling strategies have to be designed. This study focus on options for a possible recycling of gallium from waste electric and electronic equipment...
January 12, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089200/limitations-of-the-current-standards-of-care-for-treating-gout-and-crystal-deposition-in-the-primary-care-setting-a-review
#11
Robert T Keenan
PURPOSE: This article outlines several important issues regarding the management of patients with gout. The topics discussed include best practices for gout based on the most current guidelines, opportunities for improving gout management, and current and emerging therapies for gout. METHODS: [PubMed and Google Scholar databases] were search for all articles and trials published before 2016, using the key terms [hyperuricemia, gout, tophi, joint erosion, joint damage, treatment guidelines, American College of Rheumatology (ACR), European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR), flare, comorbidity, epidemiology, adherence, serum uric acid (sUA), monosodium urate (MSU), <6 mg/dL, MSU crystal formation, as well as individual drug names and classes of treatments of interest (allopurinol, febuxostat, colchicine, non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs)]...
January 11, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087827/neuropsychological-outcome-following-frontal-lobectomy-for-pharmacoresistant-epilepsy-in-adults
#12
Robyn M Busch, Darlene P Floden, Lisa Ferguson, Shamseldeen Mahmoud, Audrina Mullane, Stephen Jones, Lara Jehi, William Bingaman, Imad M Najm
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective cohort study characterized cognitive and motor outcomes in a large sample of adults who underwent frontal lobe resections for treatment of pharmacoresistant epilepsy. METHODS: Ninety patients who underwent unilateral frontal lobe resection for epilepsy (42 language-dominant hemisphere/48 nondominant hemisphere) between 1989 and 2014 completed comprehensive preoperative and postoperative neuropsychological evaluations that included measures of verbal and nonverbal intellectual functioning, attention/working memory, processing speed, language, executive functioning, verbal and visual memory, and motor functioning...
January 13, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086975/a-qualitative-study-of-women-s-and-health-providers-attitudes-and-acceptability-of-mistreatment-during-childbirth-in-health-facilities-in-guinea
#13
Mamadou Diouldé Balde, Abou Bangoura, Boubacar Alpha Diallo, Oumar Sall, Habibata Balde, Aïssatou Sona Niakate, Joshua P Vogel, Meghan A Bohren
BACKGROUND: Reducing maternal morbidity and mortality remains a key health challenge in Guinea. Anecdotal evidence suggests that women in Guinea are subjected to mistreatment during childbirth in health facilities, but limited research exists on this topic. This study was conducted to better understand the social norms and the acceptability of four scenarios of mistreatment during childbirth, from the perspectives of women and service providers. METHODS: This study used qualitative methods including in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs) with women of reproductive age, midwives, nurses and doctors...
January 13, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081569/gender-incongruence-of-childhood-clinical-utility-and-stakeholder-agreement-with-the-world-health-organization-s-proposed-icd-11-criteria
#14
Titia F Beek, Peggy T Cohen-Kettenis, Walter P Bouman, Annelou L C de Vries, Thomas D Steensma, Gemma L Witcomb, Jon Arcelus, Christina Richards, Griet De Cuypere, Baudewijntje P C Kreukels
The World Health Organization (WHO) is revising the tenth version of the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10). This includes a reconceptualization of the definition and positioning of Gender Incongruence of Childhood (GIC). This study aimed to: 1) collect the views of transgender individuals and professionals regarding the retention of the diagnosis; 2) see if the proposed GIC criteria were acceptable to transgender individuals and health care providers; 3) compare results between two countries with two different healthcare systems to see if these differences influence opinions regarding the GIC diagnosis; and 4) determine whether healthcare providers from high-income countries feel that the proposed criteria are clinically useful and easy to use...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080169/family-oriented-support-famos-development-and-feasibility-of-a-psychosocial-intervention-for-families-of-childhood-cancer-survivors
#15
Hanin Salem, Christoffer Johansen, Kjeld Schmiegelow, Jeanette Falck Winther, Peder Skov Wehner, Henrik Hasle, Steen Rosthøj, Anne E Kazak, Pernille E Bidstrup
BACKGROUND: We developed and tested the feasibility of a manualized psychosocial intervention, FAMily-Oriented Support (FAMOS), a home-based psychosocial intervention for families of childhood cancer survivors. The aim of the intervention is to support families in adopting healthy strategies to cope with the psychological consequences of childhood cancer. The intervention is now being evaluated in a nationwide randomized controlled trial (RCT). METHODS AND DESIGN: FAMOS is based on principles of family systems therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy, and is delivered in six sessions at home...
January 12, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079702/radiomic-analysis-reveals-prognostic-information-in-t1-weighted-baseline-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-patients-with-glioblastoma
#16
Michael Ingrisch, Moritz Jörg Schneider, Dominik Nörenberg, Giovanna Negrao de Figueiredo, Klaus Maier-Hein, Bogdana Suchorska, Ulrich Schüller, Nathalie Albert, Hartmut Brückmann, Maximilian Reiser, Jörg-Christian Tonn, Birgit Ertl-Wagner
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate whether radiomic analysis with random survival forests (RSFs) can predict overall survival from T1-weighted contrast-enhanced baseline magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans in a cohort of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) patients with uniform treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board and informed consent was waived. The MRI scans from 66 patients with newly diagnosed GBM from a previous prospective study were analyzed...
January 9, 2017: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079638/the-effect-of-waxing-versus-shaving-on-the-efficacy-of-laser-hair-removal
#17
Mohammed Al-Haddab, Nour Al-Khawajah, Amal Al-Alaʼa, Hadeel Al-Majed, Yafa Al-Shamlan, Maymonah Al-Abdely
BACKGROUND: Excessive hair is undesirable and represents both a social and emotional burden, especially among females. Laser hair removal (LHR) has gained popularity in the past 2 decades. It is a common practice to instruct patients not to pluck or wax their hair before undergoing LHR; only shaving is allowed to improve the efficacy of the LHR. OBJECTIVE: To compare the percentage of hair reduction in preshaved versus prewax epilated axillae after LHR in healthy adult Saudi females...
January 10, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077366/effectiveness-of-acupuncture-in-women-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-undergoing-in-vitro-fertilisation-or-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Junyoung Jo, Yoon Jae Lee
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to assess the evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) on the efficacy, effectiveness and safety of acupuncture in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) undergoing in vitro fertilisation (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). METHODS: We searched a total of 15 databases through October 2015. The participants were women with PCOS (diagnosed using the Rotterdam criteria) undergoing IVF or ICSI...
January 11, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077216/current-definitions-of-transdiagnostic-in-treatment-development-a-search-for-consensus
#19
REVIEW
Shannon Sauer-Zavala, Cassidy A Gutner, Todd J Farchione, Hannah T Boettcher, Jacqueline R Bullis, David H Barlow
Research in psychopathology has identified psychological processes that are relevant across a range of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) mental disorders, and these efforts have begun to produce treatment principles and protocols that can be applied transdiagnostically. However, review of recent work suggests that there has been great variability in conceptions of the term "transdiagnostic" in the treatment development literature. We believe that there is value in arriving at a common understanding of the term "transdiagnostic...
January 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077178/ptsd-or-not-ptsd-comparing-the-proposed-icd-11-and-the-dsm-5-ptsd-criteria-among-young-survivors-of-the-2011-norway-attacks-and-their-parents
#20
G S Hafstad, S Thoresen, T Wentzel-Larsen, A Maercker, G Dyb
BACKGROUND: The conceptualization of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the upcoming International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-11 differs in many respects from the diagnostic criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-5). The consequences of these differences for individuals and for estimation of prevalence rates are largely unknown. This study investigated the concordance of the two diagnostic systems in two separate samples at two separate waves...
January 12, 2017: Psychological Medicine
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