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Theories AND teamwork

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30094746/psychometric-models-of-small-group-collaborations
#1
Peter F Halpin, Yoav Bergner
The social combination theory of group problem solving is used to extend existing psychometric models to collaborative settings. A model for pairwise group work is proposed, the implications of the model for assessment design are considered, and its estimation is addressed. The results are illustrated with an empirical example in which dyads work together on a twelfth-grade level mathematics assessment. In conclusion, attention is given to avenues of research that seem most fruitful for advancing current initiatives concerning the assessment of collaboration, teamwork, and related constructs...
August 9, 2018: Psychometrika
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30082216/context-matters-for-nurses-leading-pain-improvement-in-u-s-hospitals
#2
Susan S Tavernier, Jia-Wen Guo, Jacqueline Eaton, Jeannine M Brant, Patricia Berry, Susan L Beck
BACKGROUND: Pain continues to be a problem in hospitalized patients. Contextual factors contribute to the success of pain quality improvement efforts. AIMS: This paper describes nurse team leaders' perceptions of organizational context and factors perceived to help and hinder the process of leading a unit-based improvement effort focused on pain. DESIGN: Qualitative descriptive design. SETTING: Interviews took place over the telephone...
August 3, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30014482/personality-characteristics-that-are-valued-in-teams-not-always-more-is-better
#3
Petru Lucian Curşeu, Remus Ilies, Delia Vîrgă, Laurenţiu Maricuţoiu, Florin A Sava
This study investigates the relationships between personality traits and contributions to teamwork that are often assumed to be linear. We use a theory-driven approach to propose that extraversion, agreeableness and conscientiousness have inverted U-shaped relationships with contributions to teamwork. In a sample of 220 participants asked to perform a creative task in teams, we found that extraversion, agreeableness and conscientiousness were curvilinearly associated with peer-rated contributions to teamwork in such a way that the associations were positive, with a decreasing slope, up to a peak, and then they became negative as personality scores further increased...
July 16, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29957888/the-effects-of-nursing-satisfaction-and-turnover-cognitions-on-patient-attitudes-and-outcomes-a-three-level-multisource-study
#4
Sara Jansen Perry, Jason P Richter, Brad Beauvais
OBJECTIVE: To explore antecedents and outcomes of nurse self-reported job satisfaction and dissatisfaction-based turnover cognitions, theorizing (using Self-Determination Theory) that leaders can foster work conditions that help fulfill innate needs, thereby fostering satisfaction of nurses and patients, and reducing adverse events. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Primary and secondary data were collected within a 4-month period in 2015, from 2,596 nurses in 110 Army treatment facilities (hospitals and clinics) across 35 health care systems...
June 29, 2018: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898949/processes-that-influence-the-evolution-of-family-health-teams
#5
Judith Belle Brown, Bridget L Ryan
OBJECTIVE: To identify the processes that influence the evolution of family health teams (FHTs). DESIGN: Qualitative study using grounded theory methodology. SETTING: Family health teams in Ontario. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 110 team members from 20 FHT sites in Ontario. METHODS: Individual semistructured interviews were conducted and data were analyzed using initial coding, focused coding, and a constant comparison analysis...
June 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803014/what-nurses-involved-in-a-medical-emergency-teams-consider-the-most-vital-areas-of-knowledge-and-skill-when-delivering-care-to-the-deteriorating-ward-patient-a-nurse-oriented-curriculum-development-project
#6
Judy Currey, Debbie Massey, Josh Allen, Daryl Jones
INTRODUCTION: Critical care nurses have been involved in Rapid Response Teams since their inception, particularly in medically led RRTs, known as Medical Emergency Teams. It is assumed that critical care skills are required to escalate care for the deteriorating ward patient. However, evidence to support critical care nurses' involvement in METs is anecdotal. Currently, little is known about the educational requirements for nurses involved in RRT or METs. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to identify and describe what nurses involved in a MET consider the most vital areas of knowledge and skill when delivering care to the deteriorating ward patient...
August 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792470/the-science-of-teamwork-progress-reflections-and-the-road-ahead
#7
Eduardo Salas, Denise L Reyes, Susan H McDaniel
We need teams in nearly every aspect of our lives (e.g., hospitals, schools, flight decks, nuclear power plants, oil rigs, the military, and corporate offices). Nearly a century of psychological science has uncovered extensive knowledge about team-related processes and outcomes. In this article, we draw from the reviews and articles of this special issue to identify 10 key reflections that have arisen in the team literature, briefly summarized here. Team researchers have developed many theories surrounding the multilayered aspects of teams, such that now we have a solid theoretical basis for teams...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792469/unpacking-team-process-dynamics-and-emergent-phenomena-challenges-conceptual-advances-and-innovative-methods
#8
Steve W J Kozlowski, Georgia T Chao
Psychologists have studied small-group and team effectiveness for decades, and although there has been considerable progress, there remain significant challenges. Meta-analyses and systematic research have provided solid evidence for core team cognitive, motivational, affective, and behavioral processes that contribute to team effectiveness and empirical support for interventions that enhance team processes (e.g., team design, composition, training, and leadership); there has been substantial evidence for a science of team effectiveness...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792450/the-evolution-of-work-team-research-since-hawthorne
#9
John E Mathieu, Mikhail A Wolfson, Semin Park
Since the Hawthorne studies of the 1920s and 1930s, there has been tremendous progress in the science and the practice of work group effectiveness. We chronicle the evolution of 3 schools of thought concerning work groups that spawned about the time of those studies. We highlight the different emphases of each perspective and how they eventually merged into an integrated view of teamwork. We also illustrate the disciplinary ebbs and flows of work group research over the past quarter century and how many different scholars from diverse institutions are currently contributing to the literature...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781847/identification-of-the-critical-nontechnical-skills-for-surgeons-needed-for-high-performance-in-a-variable-resource-context-notss-vrc
#10
John W Scott, Yihan Lin, Georges Ntakiyiruta, Zeta Mutabazi, William A Davis, Megan A Morris, Douglas S Smink, Robert Riviello, Steven Yule
OBJECTIVE: To identify the critical nontechnical skills (NTS) required for high performance in variable-resource contexts (VRC). BACKGROUND: As surgical training and capacity increase in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), new strategies for improving surgical education and care in these settings are required. NTS are critical for high performance in surgery around the world. However, the essential NTS used by surgeons operating in LMICs to overcome the challenges specific to their contexts have never been described...
May 17, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776841/-medical-simulation-as-a-tool-in-the-training-of-perinatal-professionals
#11
B Tosello, J Blanc, C Kelway, V Pellegrin, E Quarello, F Comte, C Zakarian, C D'Ercole
Though technology plays an increasingly important role in modern health systems, human performance remains a major determinant of safety, effectiveness and efficiency of patient care. This is especially true in the delivery room. Thus, the training of professionals must aim not only for the acquisition of theory and practical skills on an individual basis, but also for the learning of teamwork systematically. Training health professionals with simulation enhances their theoretical knowledge and meets formal requirements in literacy, technical skills and communication...
June 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771228/clinical-leadership-training-an-evaluation-of-the-welsh-fellowship-programme
#12
Suzanne Phillips, Alison Bullock
Purpose UK fellowship schemes have been set up to address low-level engagement of doctors with leadership roles. Established in 2013, the Welsh Clinical Leadership Fellowship (WCLF) programme aims to recruit aspiring future clinical leaders and equip them with knowledge and skills to lead improvements in healthcare delivery. This paper aims to evaluate the 12-month WCLF programme in its first two years of operation. Design/methodology/approach Focused on the participants ( n = 8), the authors explored expectations of the programme, reactions to academic components (provided by Academi Wales) and learning from workplace projects and other opportunities...
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771227/team-development-among-physician-leaders-at-the-cleveland-clinic
#13
Tracy H Porter, James K Stoller, Scott J Allen
Purpose Since 1990, the Cleveland Clinic has trained physicians in team skills through various iterations of a program called Leading in Healthcare (LHC). In the present study, the authors utilize a case study approach to gain insight into the LHC curriculum, and more specifically, the team project. The purpose of this paper is to better understand the Cleveland Clinic's position on the issue and its approach to education - specifically among physicians. Design/methodology/approach The authors utilized a case study approach with four key program architects...
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725559/trapped-as-a-group-escape-as-a-team-applying-gamification-to-incorporate-team-building-skills-through-an-escape-room-experience
#14
Xiao Chi Zhang, Hyunjoo Lee, Carlos Rodriguez, Joshua Rudner, Teresa M Chan, Dimitrios Papanagnou
Teamwork, a skill critical for quality patient care, is recognized as a core competency by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). To date, there is no consensus on how to effectively teach these skills in a forum that engages learners, immerses members in life-like activities, and builds both trust and rapport. Recreational 'Escape Rooms' have gained popularity in creating a life-like environment that rewards players for working together, solving puzzles, and completing successions of mind-bending tasks in order to effectively 'escape the room' in the time allotted...
March 2, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669146/impact-of-scribes-on-medical-student-education-a-mixed-methods-pilot-study
#15
Julia Hafer, Xibin Wu, Steven Lin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Medical scribes are an increasingly popular strategy for reducing clerical burden, but little is known about their effect on medical student education. We aimed to evaluate the impact of scribes on medical students' self-reported learning experience. METHODS: We conducted a mixed-methods pilot study. Participants were medical students (third and fourth years) on a family medicine clerkship who worked with an attending physician who practiced with a scribe...
April 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668763/a-case-study-of-polypharmacy-management-in-nine-european-countries-implications-for-change-management-and-implementation
#16
Jennifer McIntosh, Albert Alonso, Katie MacLure, Derek Stewart, Thomas Kempen, Alpana Mair, Margarida Castel-Branco, Carles Codina, Fernando Fernandez-Llimos, Glenda Fleming, Dimitra Gennimata, Ulrika Gillespie, Cathy Harrison, Maddalena Illario, Ulrike Junius-Walker, Christos F Kampolis, Przemyslaw Kardas, Pawel Lewek, João Malva, Enrica Menditto, Claire Scullin, Birgitt Wiese
BACKGROUND: Multimorbidity and its associated polypharmacy contribute to an increase in adverse drug events, hospitalizations, and healthcare spending. This study aimed to address: what exists regarding polypharmacy management in the European Union (EU); why programs were, or were not, developed; and, how identified initiatives were developed, implemented, and sustained. METHODS: Change management principles (Kotter) and normalization process theory (NPT) informed data collection and analysis...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613919/addressing-dual-patient-and-staff-safety-through-a-team-based-standardized-patient-simulation-for-agitation-management-in-the-emergency-department
#17
Ambrose H Wong, Marc A Auerbach, Halley Ruppel, Lauren J Crispino, Alana Rosenberg, Joanne D Iennaco, Federico E Vaca
INTRODUCTION: Emergency departments (EDs) have seen harm rise for both patients and health workers from an increasing rate of agitation events. Team effectiveness during care of this population is particularly challenging because fear of physical harm leads to competing interests. Simulation is frequently employed to improve teamwork in medical resuscitations but has not yet been reported to address team-based behavioral emergency care. As part of a larger investigation of agitated patient care, we designed this secondary study to examine the impact of an interprofessional standardized patient simulation for ED agitation management...
June 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593356/never-judge-a-book-by-its-cover-how-nicu-evaluators-reach-conclusions-about-quality-of-care
#18
Ravi Dhurjati, Nabeel Wahid, Krista Sigurdson, Christine H Morton, Heather C Kaplan, Jeffrey B Gould, Jochen Profit
OBJECTIVE: To identify key features in the NICU care delivery context that influence quality of care delivery. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative study using in-depth, semi-structured interviews with 10 NICU quality experts with extensive experience conducting NICU site visits and evaluating quality of care. Analyses were performed using the method of constant comparison based on grounded theory. RESULTS: Qualitative analysis yielded three major themes: (1) the foundation for high quality care is a cohesive unit culture, characterized by open communication, teamwork, and engagement of families; (2) effective linkages between measurement and improvement action is necessary for continuous improvement; and (3) NICU capacity for improvement is sustained by active support, exchange of skills, and resources from the hospital...
June 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592770/using-systems-theory-to-examine-patient-and-nurse-structures-processes-and-outcomes-in-centralized-and-decentralized-units
#19
Kevin Real, Lindsey Fay, Kathy Isaacs, Allison Carll-White, Aric Schadler
OBJECTIVES: This study utilizes systems theory to understand how changes to physical design structures impact communication processes and patient and staff design-related outcomes. BACKGROUND: Many scholars and researchers have noted the importance of communication and teamwork for patient care quality. Few studies have examined changes to nursing station design within a systems theory framework. METHOD: This study employed a multimethod, before-and-after, quasi-experimental research design...
January 1, 2018: HERD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579487/factors-affecting-the-delivery-of-healthcare-on-a-humanitarian-operation-in-west-africa-a-qualitative-study
#20
Di Lamb
INTRODUCTION: Medical personnel in the UK Armed Forces are highly trained to deploy in support of military operations that assist humanitarian, peacekeeping, counter-terrorism and environmental catastrophes anywhere in the world. Such environments are often austere and successful outcomes demand an individual is highly resilient and able to adapt quickly to any situation. This qualitative study aimed to determine the factors that affect healthcare delivery on such missions by capturing the personal experiences of the first military personnel deployed on a humanitarian operation in support of the Ebola outbreak in West Africa between October 2014 and January 2015...
April 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
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