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Tobacco use cessation

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Rising rates of childhood obesity over the past 2 decades have spurred a number of public- and private-sector initiatives aimed at halting or even reversing this trend. Recognizing common interests in this issue, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, NIH, and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation began conversations about creating a formal collaboration aimed at accelerating efforts to address childhood obesity by coordinating research agendas and providing support for evidence-building activities. The National Collaborative on Childhood Obesity Research (NCCOR) was launched in February 2009, and the U...
March 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Marcia M Tan, Kolawole S Okuyemi, Ken Resnicow, Noella A Dietz, Michael H Antoni, Monica Webb Hooper
INTRODUCTION: Research has shown that African Americans gain more than average weight after smoking cessation. However, African Americans have been underrepresented in post-cessation weight gain research. The current study examined 1) the pattern of weight gain and 2) the association between smoking status and weight gain in a sample of African Americans seeking smoking cessation treatment. METHODS: Data were drawn from a randomized controlled trial testing the efficacy of a 4-week culturally specific smoking cessation cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) intervention among African American smokers (N = 342)...
February 3, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Mark D Huffman, Padinhare P Mohanan, Raji Devarajan, Abigail S Baldridge, Dimple Kondal, Lihui Zhao, Mumtaj Ali, Mangalath N Krishnan, Syam Natesan, Rajesh Gopinath, Sunitha Viswanathan, Joseph Stigi, Johny Joseph, Somanathan Chozhakkat, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Dorairaj Prabhakaran
Importance: Wide heterogeneity exists in acute myocardial infarction treatment and outcomes in India. Objective: To evaluate the effect of a locally adapted quality improvement tool kit on clinical outcomes and process measures in Kerala, a southern Indian state. Design, Setting, and Participants: Cluster randomized, stepped-wedge clinical trial conducted between November 10, 2014, and November 9, 2016, in 63 hospitals in Kerala, India, with a last date of follow-up of December 31, 2016...
February 13, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Julie Neisler, Lorraine R Reitzel, Lorra Garey, Darla E Kenzdor, Emily T Hébert, Maya Vijayaraghavan, Michael S Businelle
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking rates among homeless adults are exceptionally high, contributing to health disparities experienced by this disadvantaged population. Concurrent nicotine and tobacco product use have been shown to result in greater health problems than cigarette smoking alone, and little is known about the rates, motives, and perceived impacts of concurrent use in this group. The purpose of this study is to explore concurrent use rates and constructs of interest among homeless adult daily smokers and to examine differences between concurrent users and non-concurrent users on cigarette dependence, perceived risk of smoking, readiness to quit, and the receipt of recent cessation intervention...
February 7, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
James F Thrasher, Noel T Brewer, Jeff Niederdeppe, Ellen Peters, Andrew A Strasser, Rachel Grana, Annette R Kaufman
Background: The World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control recommends prominent pictorial health warnings on tobacco products. To advance research methods, theory and understanding of how tobacco product warning labels (TPWLs) work, the US National Cancer Institute convened a grantee meeting. Our article describes the key insights that emerged from the meeting, situated within the context of the scientific literature. Results & Recommendations: First, presentations confirmed that large, pictorial TPWLs motivate people to try to quit and encourage smoking cessation...
February 10, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Walter Roberts, Julia M Shi, Jeanette M Tetrault, Sherry A McKee
OBJECTIVES: Heavy-drinking tobacco users are less likely to successfully quit smoking than their moderate-drinking counterparts, even when they are prescribed smoking cessation medication. One strategy for improving treatment outcomes in this subgroup of tobacco users may be to combine medication therapies to target both alcohol and tobacco use simultaneously. Adding naltrexone to frontline smoking cessation treatments may improve treatment outcomes in this group. METHOD: This double-blind, placebo-controlled human laboratory study examined the effects of varenicline (2 mg/d) and varenicline (2 mg/d), combined with a low dose of naltrexone (25 mg/d) on alcohol-primed smoking behavior in a laboratory model of smoking relapse in heavy-drinking tobacco users (n = 30)...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
Charlotte Anraad, Kei-Long Cheung, Mickaël Hiligsmann, Kathryn Coyle, Doug Coyle, Lesley Owen, Robert West, Hein de Vries, Silvia M Evers, Subhash Pokhrel
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Increasing the reach of smoking cessation services and/or including new but effective medications to the current provision may provide significant health and economic benefits; the scale of such benefits is currently unknown. The aim of this study was to estimate the cost-effectiveness from a health-care perspective of viable national level changes in smoking cessation provision in the Netherlands and England. METHODS: A Markov-based state transition model [European study on Quantifying Utility of Investment in Protection from Tobacco model (EQUIPTMOD)] was used to estimate costs and benefits [expressed in quality-adjusted life years (QALY)] of changing the current provision of smoking cessation programmes in the Netherlands and England...
February 11, 2018: Addiction
Michael R Frank, Rachel Blumhagen, David Weitzenkamp, Shane R Mueller, Brenda Beaty, Sung-Joon Min, Ingrid A Binswanger
Introduction: Tobacco use is common among people who have been in prison. The relationship between social stressors, risky health behaviours, and smoking cessation has not been studied in people recently released from prison. Studying this relationship could yield information that guides strategic and cost-effective tobacco cessation interventions for an under-resourced population. Methods: One hundred and forty-three smokers were interviewed 7 to 21 days after they had been released from USA prisons...
June 2017: Journal of Smoking Cessation
Gerhard Scherer
The health risk of tobacco smoking can best be avoided or reduced by not taking up or quitting the habit. The use of new and innovative tobacco (NTPs, e.g. electronic cigarettes) can either be an aid for smoking cessation or, for those who are not able or willing to quit, an alternative for smoking conventional tobacco products. Before the use of an NTP can be regarded as an effective approach in tobacco harm reduction (THR), the implicated risk has to be evaluated by suitable toxicological methods such as the analysis of the chemical composition as well as assessment of detrimental effects in animal and in vitro studies...
February 8, 2018: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
Luke Stanisce, Kristin Levin, Nadir Ahmad, Yekaterina Koshkareva
OBJECTIVES/OBJECTIVES: We aimed to provide an otolaryngologist-targeted summary regarding the epidemiology, carcinogenesis, and cessation strategies for smokeless tobacco usage. STUDY DESIGN: Evidence-based literature review. METHODS: We reviewed the current evidence-based literature concerning trends in smokeless tobacco use, associations with neoplastic change, and therapeutic interventions to assist with sustained abstinence. In complement, we present an actual case of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma in the setting of chronic tobacco-dentifrice usage in a lifelong nonsmoker...
February 10, 2018: Laryngoscope
Pei-Ching Chen, Li-Chuan Chang, Chieh Hsu, Yue-Chune Lee
Introduction: We investigated the use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) with traditional cigarettes among adolescents during 2014 to 2016 to identify risk factors for using e-cigarettes only, traditional cigarettes only, or both products. Methods: We used cross-sectional data from the Taiwan Global Youth Tobacco Survey, (conducted over a 3-year period by the Health Promotion Administration, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taiwan), which is representative of tobacco use among adolescents aged 12-18 years...
February 2, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Jennifer B McClure, Melissa L Anderson
BACKGROUND: Most smokers do not use evidence-based smoking cessation treatment. Increasing utilization of these services is an important public health goal. Health care systems and insurers are well positioned to support this goal within their patient populations. We tested whether a brief, mail-based intervention increased utilization of tobacco cessation services among insured smokers. METHODS: Adult smokers were identified via automated health plan data and randomized to one of five treatment arms (n = 4767)...
February 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
Daniel Owusu, Ke-Sheng Wang, Megan Quinn, Jocelyn Aibangbee, Rijo M John, Hadii M Mamudu
Background and aim: There is a need to improve utilization of cessation assistance in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs) and tobacco cessation research has been identified as priority in LMICs. This study evaluates the relationship between health-care provider intervention and cessation assistance utilization in LMICs. Method: Data from 13,967 participants (aged ≥15 years, 90.3% males) of the Global Adults Tobacco Survey (GATS) conducted in 12 LMICs (74.3%-97...
February 6, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Lindsay Robertson, Janet Hoek, Mei-Ling Blank, Rosalina Richards, Pamela Ling, Lucy Popova
INTRODUCTION: Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) arguably pose fewer health risks than smoking, yet many smokers adopt ENDS without fully relinquishing smoking. Known as 'dual use', this practice is widespread and compromises the health benefits that ENDS may offer. To date, few studies have explored how dual use practices arise and manifest. METHODS: We conducted in-depth, semi-structured interviews with 20 current ENDS users from New Zealand who reported smoking tobacco at least once a month...
February 1, 2018: Tobacco Control
Amit Kumar, Akanksha Tiwari, Akshatha Gadiyar, Ridhima B Gaunkar, Amita Kenkre Kamat
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is a disease of addiction and a behavior choice. It is valuable to understand the psychosocial dimension of disease. OBJECTIVES: The research aimed to assess the (I) behavioral determinants and pattern of tobacco use (II) readiness to quit tobacco among patients with oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs) using transtheoretical model (TTM) approach visiting the dental college in Goa, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted among 300 patients over 3 months...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Evelyn Jiménez-Mendoza, Ruth A Vázquez-Salas, Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutierrez, Luz Myriam Reynales-Shigematsu, Isaac Roberto Labra-Salgado, Hugo A Manzanilla-García, Luisa E Torres-Sánchez
BACKGROUND: Inconsistent associations between smoking status and prostate cancer (PC) could be due to exposure assessment error. Reconstructing smoking behaviors over the life course could reduce exposure assessment error. METHODS: As part of a case-control study, we identified 402 incident and histologically confirmed PC cases that were matched by age (±5 years) to 805 population controls. Through direct interview, we obtained information about: age at smoking onset, intensity and frequency of cigarette smoking at different life stages, and smoking cessation age...
February 7, 2018: BMC Cancer
Frances Thirlway
This paper uses the work of Bourdieu to theorise smoking and cessation through a class lens, showing that the struggle for distinction created the social gradient in smoking, with smoking stigma operating as a proxy for class stigma. This led to increased policy focus on the health of bystanders and children and later also to concerns about electronic cigarettes. Bourdieu's concept of habitus is deployed to argue that the e-cigarette helps middle-class smokers resolve smoking as a symptom of cleft habitus associated with social mobility or particular subcultures...
January 27, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
Noah R Gubner, Denise D Williams, Anna Pagano, Barbara K Campbell, Joseph Guydish
There are higher rates of menthol cigarette smoking within certain population subgroups. Limited research has examined menthol use among individuals in treatment for substance use disorders (SUD), a population with a high prevalence of cigarette smoking, poor smoking cessation outcomes, and high tobacco disease burden. Survey data were collected from 863 smokers sampled from 24 SUD treatment programs affiliated with the NIDA Clinical Trials Network (CTN) in the United States. Prevalence of menthol cigarette smoking was examined for the sample...
February 1, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Fabienne El-Khoury Lesueur, Camille Bolze, Maria Melchior
INTRODUCTION: A substantial proportion of smokers who attempt to stop smoking relapse in the first months. Yet to date, there is limited understanding of the predictors of smoking attempts and their success. We examine the role of tobacco use characteristics, other substance-related factors, as well as socio-demographic characteristics in relation to successful and unsuccessful smoking cessation. METHODS: DePICT (Description des Perceptions, Images, et Comportements liés au Tabagisme) is a nationally representative sample of adults aged between 18 and 64years residing in metropolitan France, who were interviewed by telephone survey (n=4342)...
February 1, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Kathleen B Cartmell, Mary Dooley, Martina Mueller, Georges J Nahhas, Clara E Dismuke, Graham W Warren, Vince Talbot, K Michael Cummings
INTRODUCTION: Smoking is a risk factor for hospitalization and interferes with patient care due to its effects on pulmonary function, wound healing, and interference with treatments and medications. Although benefits of stopping smoking are well-established, few hospitals provide tobacco dependence treatment services (TDTS) due to cost, lack of mandatory tobacco cessation standards and lack of evidence demonstrating clinical and financial benefits to hospitals and insurers for providing services...
February 2, 2018: Medical Care
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