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Tobacco use cessation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635358/disability-and-the-impact-of-need-for-periodontal-care-on-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Maha El Tantawi, Adel AlAgl
Objective The need for periodontal care may negatively impact daily life. We compared the need for periodontal care and its impact on daily life between disabled and healthy adults in the Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia. Methods In this cross-sectional study of 819 adults, a questionnaire was used to assess personal background factors; the impact of periodontitis on pain, avoiding foods, embarrassment, sleeplessness, work absence, and discontinuing daily activities; and risk factors (smoking, diabetes, toothbrushing, insurance, professional tooth cleaning, and dental visits)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634580/tobacco-use-during-pregnancy-and-its-associated-factors-in-a-mountain-district-of-eastern-nepal-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-survey
#2
Ramesh Barakoti, Anup Ghimire, Achyut Raj Pandey, Dharani Dhar Baral, Paras K Pokharel
BACKGROUND: Tobacco using among women is more prevalent in Nepal as compared to other South-East Asian countries. The effect of its use is seen not only on the pregnant women, but also health of the growing fetus is compromised. Currently, little is known about the tobacco use among women especially during pregnancy in Nepal. This study explored the tobacco use prevalence and its associated factors during pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Sankhuwasabha, a mountain district of eastern Nepal...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634162/linking-the-content-to-demographic-reach-of-online-advertising-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems
#3
David S Timberlake, Dmitriy Nikitin, Jennifer Garcia-Cano, Samantha Cino, Margarita Savkina, Cornelia Pechmann
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies have separately examined the content and demographic reach of the advertising of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS). No study to our knowledge has linked the two in investigating whether racial/ethnic groups are differentially exposed to the comparative messages conveyed in online ENDS advertisements. METHODS: 932 unique ENDS advertisements (6311 total), which were posted on 3435 websites between December, 2009 and October, 2015, were categorized as either comparative or non-comparative with respect to the traditional cigarette...
June 20, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632785/the-association-between-various-smoking-behaviors-cotinine-biomarkers-and-skin-autofluorescence-a-marker-for-advanced-glycation-end-product-accumulation
#4
Robert P van Waateringe, Marjonneke J Mook-Kanamori, Sandra N Slagter, Melanie M van der Klauw, Jana V van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, Reindert Graaff, Helen L Lutgers, Karsten Suhre, Mohammed M El-Din Selim, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Bruce H R Wolffenbuttel
BACKGROUND: Skin autofluorescence, a biomarker for advanced glycation end products (AGEs) accumulation, has been shown to predict diabetes-related cardiovascular complications and is associated with several environmental and lifestyle factors. In the present study, we examined the association between various smoking behaviors and skin autofluorescence, as well as the association between several cotinine biomarkers and skin autofluorescence, using both epidemiological and metabolomics data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621268/assessment-of-oral-hygiene-knowledge-practices-and-concepts-of-tobacco-usage-among-engineering-students-in-bhubaneswar-odisha-india
#5
Alokenath Bandyopadhyay, Lipsa Bhuyan, Abikshyeet Panda, Kailash C Dash, Malvika Raghuvanshi, Shyam S Behura
AIM: This study aimed to assess oral hygiene-related knowledge and practices among engineering students of Bhubaneswar city and also to evaluate the concepts about the side effects of tobacco usage among those students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted using a self-administered, close-ended questionnaire to assess the oral hygiene knowledge and practices and study the concepts on tobacco usage among 362 engineering students of Bhubaneswar city, Odisha, India...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616898/smoking-and-the-eye-what-qu%C3%A3-bec-teenagers-know-and-fear
#6
Julie Brûlé, Benoît Tousignant, Stéphanie Marcotte, Marie-Christelle Moreau
BACKGROUND: Although most people associate smoking with lung cancer and heart disease, few are aware of the impact of smoking on ocular health. Studies have suggested a better knowledge of this association might promote higher quit rates, particularly in teenagers. The purpose of our study was to determine the knowledge of teenagers about the effects of smoking on ocular health and the fear associated with several tobacco-related health conditions. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to 180 high school students aged 14 to 17 years...
June 14, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616847/interactive-voice-response-calls-to-promote-smoking-cessation-after-hospital-discharge-pooled-analysis-of-two-randomized-clinical-trials
#7
Nancy A Rigotti, Yuchiao Chang, Lisa C Rosenfeld, Sandra J Japuntich, Elyse R Park, Hilary A Tindle, Douglas E Levy, Zachary Z Reid, Joanna Streck, Timothy Gomperts, Jennifer H K Kelley, Daniel E Singer
BACKGROUND: Hospitalization offers smokers an opportunity to quit smoking. Starting cessation treatment in hospital is effective, but sustaining treatment after discharge is a challenge. Automated telephone calls with interactive voice response (IVR) technology could support treatment continuance after discharge. OBJECTIVE: To assess smokers' use of and satisfaction with an IVR-facilitated intervention and to test the relationship between intervention dose and smoking cessation...
June 14, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612651/behavioral-economic-substitutability-of-e-cigarettes-tobacco-cigarettes-and-nicotine-gum
#8
Matthew W Johnson, Patrick S Johnson, Olga Rass, Lauren R Pacek
The public health impact of e-cigarettes may depend on their substitutability for tobacco cigarettes. Dual users of e-cigarettes and tobacco cigarettes completed purchasing tasks in which they specified daily use levels under hypothetical conditions that varied the availability and price of e-cigarettes, tobacco cigarettes, and nicotine gum (for those with nicotine gum experience). When either e-cigarettes or tobacco cigarettes were the only available commodity, as price per puff increased, purchasing decreased, revealing similar reinforcement profiles...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608863/nicotine-affects-hydrogen-sulfide-concentrations-in-mouse-kidney-and-heart-but-not-in-brain-and-liver-tissues
#9
Jerzy Wiliński, Bogdan Wiliński, Eugeniusz Somogyi, Joanna Piotrowska, Tomasz Kameczura, Małgorzata Zygmunt
Nicotine, a potent parasympathomimetic alkaloid with stimulant effects, is contributing to addictive properties of tobacco smoking and is though used in the smoking cessation therapy. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is involved in physiology and pathophysiology of various systems in mammals. The interactions between nicotine and H2S are not fully recognized. The aim of the study is to assess the influence of nicotine on the H2S tissue concentrations in different mouse organs. Adult CBA male mice were administered intraperitoneally 1...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605889/assessment-of-tobacco-habits-attitudes-and-education-among-medical-students-in-the-united-states-and-italy-a-cross-sectional-survey
#10
Grayson W Armstrong, Giacomo Veronese, Paul F George, Isacco Montroni, Giampaolo Ugolini
Objectives: Medical students represent a primary target for tobacco cessation training. This study assessed the prevalence of medical students' tobacco use, attitudes, clinical skills, and tobacco-related curricula in two countries, the US and Italy, with known baseline disparities in hopes of identifying potential corrective interventions. Methods: From September to December 2013, medical students enrolled at the University of Bologna and at Brown University were recruited via email to answer survey questions assessing the prevalence of medical students' tobacco use, attitudes and clinical skills related to patients' smoking, and elements of medical school curricula related to tobacco use...
2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604408/smoking-cessation-identifying-readiness-to-quit-and-designing-a-plan
#11
Angela Olenik, Cortney M Mospan
Clinicians must be prepared to identify tobacco use among patients and implement behavioral interventions to help patients quit. By understanding behavioral interventions and pharmacologic options, clinicians can design an optimal quit plan for each patient. This article reviews foundations of tobacco cessation, pharmacotherapy updates, and the emergence of e-cigarettes as desirable cessation tools for patients.
June 9, 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601619/family-focussed-interventions-to-reduce-harm-from-smoking-in-primary-school-aged-children-a-systematic-review-of-evaluative-studies
#12
REVIEW
Nicola Brown, Tim Luckett, Patricia M Davidson, Michelle DiGiacomo
Children living in families where adults smoke are exposed to harmful effects of tobacco smoke and risk a predisposition to smoking initiation. Interventions to support families to reduce risk of harm from smoking have been developed and tested. The purpose of this review is to identify effective family-based interventions used to promote smoke-free home environments in families with primary school age children (aged 5-12years). A systematic search of MEDLINE, Cochrane and CINAHL electronic databases was conducted...
June 7, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601101/physical-activity-and-quit-motivation-moderators-of-adolescent-smoking-reduction
#13
Melissa D Blank, Kaitlyn A Ferris, Aaron Metzger, Amy Gentzler, Christina Duncan, Traci Jarrett, Geri Dino
OBJECTIVES: We examined participant characteristics as moderators of adolescents' smoking cessation outcomes as a function of intervention: Not-on-Tobacco (N-O-T), N-O-T with a physical activity (PA) module (N-O-T+FIT), or Brief Intervention (BI). METHODS: We randomly assigned youth (N = 232) recruited from public high schools to an intervention, and measured their baseline levels of PA and motivation to quit. The number of cigarettes/day for weekdays and weekends was obtained at baseline and 3-month follow-up...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600886/progress-in-implementation-of-who-fctc-article-14-and-its-guidelines-a-survey-of-tobacco-dependence-treatment-provision-in-142-countries
#14
Kapka Nilan, Martin Raw, Tricia M McKeever, Rachael L Murray, Ann McNeill
AIMS: To 1) estimate the number of Parties to the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) providing tobacco dependence treatment in accordance with the recommendations of Article 14 and its guidelines; 2) assess association between provision and countries' income level; and 3) assess progress over time. DESIGN: Cross sectional study. SETTING: Online survey from December 2014 to July 2015. PARTICIPANTS: Contacts in 172 countries were surveyed, representing 169 of the 180 FCTC Parties at the time of the survey...
June 10, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600490/treating-tobacco-dependence-guidance-for-primary-care-on-life-saving-interventions-position-statement-of-the-ipcrg
#15
O C P Van Schayck, S Williams, V Barchilon, N Baxter, M Jawad, P A Katsaounou, B J Kirenga, C Panaitescu, K W I G Tsiligianni, N Zwar, A Ostrem
Tobacco smoking is the world's leading cause of premature death and disability. Global targets to reduce premature deaths by 25% by 2025 will require a substantial increase in the number of smokers making a quit attempt, and a significant improvement in the success rates of those attempts in low, middle and high income countries. In many countries the only place where the majority of smokers can access support to quit is primary care. There is strong evidence of cost-effective interventions in primary care yet many opportunities to put these into practice are missed...
June 9, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599739/development-and-evaluation-of-an-ipad-application-to-promote-knowledge-of-tobacco-use-and-cessation-by-pregnant-women
#16
Jo Ann Walsh Dotson, Rowena Pineda, Hannah Cylkowski, Solmaz Amiri
We describe the development and evaluation of an iPad application to promote knowledge of tobacco risk and cessation resources for pregnant women. Pregnant women completed a survey on tobacco use in pregnancy, and clinicians reviewed their tobacco cessation practices and resources. The women reported that content was easy to understand (98%) and helped them understand tobacco risks (94%). Tobacco users reported that the information helped them want to quit smoking (75%) and provided ideas on how to quit (58%)...
June 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594195/pain-related-anxiety-as-a-predictor-of-early-lapse-and-relapse-to-cigarette-smoking
#17
Lisa R LaRowe, Kirsten J Langdon, Michael J Zvolensky, Emily L Zale, Joseph W Ditre
Although emerging research suggests that pain-related anxiety may play a role in the maintenance of tobacco dependence, no previous work has examined pain-related anxiety as a predictor of smoking cessation outcomes. The current study aimed to test the hypothesis that pain-related anxiety would predict early lapse and relapse to cigarette smoking. These data were collected in the context of a primary study examining the role of emotional vulnerabilities in smoking cessation. The current analyses were conducted among 55 daily cigarette smokers who attempted to quit without psychosocial or pharmacological cessation aids...
June 8, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592196/the-use-of-self-directed-relapse-prevention-booklets-to-assist-in-maintaining-abstinence-after-a-6-week-group-smoking-cessation-treatment-program-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Susan Veldheer, Shari Hrabovsky, Jessica Yingst, Chris Sciamanna, Arthur Berg, Jonathan Foulds
BACKGROUND: Identifying effective relapse prevention interventions is a vital step to help smokers maintain abstinence for the long term. AIMS: The purpose of this study is to determine if providing recently quit smokers with self-directed relapse prevention booklets is effective at maintaining abstinence after intensive group smoking cessation treatment. METHOD: Two hundred and twenty-five participants were randomized to receive Forever Free (FF) relapse prevention booklets or a control booklet (Surgeon General's report, SG) at the end of a 6-week group treatment program...
June 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590844/impulsivity-and-cue-reactivity-in-smokers-with-comorbid-depression-and-anxiety-possible-implications-for-smoking-cessation-treatment-strategies
#19
Lori Keyser-Marcus, Jasmin Vassileva, Karen Stewart, Sade Johns
Smoking remains one of the most preventable causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States (1). A number of factors contribute to the initiation and maintenance of smoking behavior, including psychosocial influences (2,3), neurobehavioral traits (4), and genetic susceptibility (5-7). Prevalence rates of tobacco dependence among individuals with mental health issues are strikingly high when compared to the general population, particularly among individuals with depression and anxiety disorders (8). There are well-established relationships between impulsivity, cue reactivity, and tobacco use in the literature (9)...
July 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590444/consumers-preferences-for-electronic-nicotine-delivery-system-product-features-a-structured-content-analysis
#20
Christine E Kistler, Trisha M Crutchfield, Erin L Sutfin, Leah M Ranney, Micah L Berman, Gary A Zarkin, Adam O Goldstein
To inform potential governmental regulations, we aimed to develop a list of electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) product features important to U.S. consumers by age and gender. We employed qualitative data methods. Participants were eligible if they had used an ENDS at least once. Groups were selected by age and gender (young adult group aged 18-25, n = 11; middle-age group aged 26-64, n = 9; and women's group aged 26-64, n = 9). We conducted five individual older adult interviews (aged 68-80). Participants discussed important ENDS features...
June 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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