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Tobacco use cessation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924231/a-tobacco-cessation-intervention-with-rural-medically-underserved-blue-collar-employees-a-quasiexperimental-study
#1
Telisa Stewart, Margaret K Formica, Anna M Adachi-Mejia, Dongliang Wang, Meg Gerrard
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to increase knowledge regarding the dangers associated with tobacco use, and decrease secondhand smoke exposure and tobacco use behaviors with an antitobacco messaging campaign among rural, medically underserved, blue-collar workers. METHODS: A quasiexperimental study was conducted with employees at two worksites. One worksite received the intervention, which consisted of nine different antitobacco messages. Baseline and follow-up surveys were conducted at each worksite to assess change in knowledge and behavior; the data were compared across the two worksites...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923864/outcomes-of-the-smoker-s-health-project-a-pragmatic-comparative-effectiveness-trial-of-tobacco-dependence-interventions-based-on-self-determination-theory
#2
Geoffrey C Williams, Christopher P Niemiec, Heather Patrick, Richard M Ryan, Edward L Deci
A pragmatic comparative effectiveness trial examined whether extending the duration of a cost-effective, intensive tobacco-dependence intervention designed to support autonomy will facilitate long-term tobacco abstinence. Participants were randomly assigned to one of three tobacco-dependence interventions based on self-determination theory, namely, Intensive Treatment (IT; six contacts over 6 months), Extended Need Support (ENS; eight contacts over 12 months) and Harm Reduction (HR; eight contacts over 12 months with medication use if willing to reduce cigarette use by half)...
December 2016: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921634/smoking-cessation-in-smoke-free-prisons-a-grounded-theory-study
#3
Ashleigh Djachenko, Winsome St John, Creina Mitchell
Purpose Prisoners are vulnerable to tobacco addiction and have a smoking prevalence significantly higher than that of the general community. The context of this study was the implementation of a "smoke-free prisons" policy, which imposed forced smoking cessation onto the Queensland, Australian prison population. The study asked the question: "What are the psychosocial processes in which male prisoners engage during smoking cessation in a smoke-free environment?" Design/methodology/approach Qualitative interviews were conducted with 15 prisoners in South-east Queensland smoke-free correctional centres...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918784/association-of-long-term-low-intensity-smoking-with-all-cause-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-the-national-institutes-of-health-aarp-diet-and-health-study
#4
Maki Inoue-Choi, Linda M Liao, Carolyn Reyes-Guzman, Patricia Hartge, Neil Caporaso, Neal D Freedman
Importance: A growing proportion of US smokers now smoke fewer than 10 cigarettes per day (CPD), and that proportion will likely rise in the future. The health effects of smoking only a few CPD over one's lifetime are less understood than are the effects of heavier smoking, although many smokers believe that their level is modest. Objective: To evaluate the associations of long-term smoking of fewer than 1 or 1 to 10 CPD (low intensity) with all-cause and cause-specific mortality compared with never smoking cigarettes...
December 5, 2016: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914771/overview-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Allison M Glasser, Lauren Collins, Jennifer L Pearson, Haneen Abudayyeh, Raymond S Niaura, David B Abrams, Andrea C Villanti
CONTEXT: Rapid developments in e-cigarettes, or electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), and the evolution of the overall tobacco product marketplace warrant frequent evaluation of the published literature. The purpose of this article is to report updated findings from a comprehensive review of the published scientific literature on ENDS. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The authors conducted a systematic review of published empirical research literature on ENDS through May 31, 2016, using a detailed search strategy in the PubMed electronic database, expert review, and additional targeted searches...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914770/cigarette-smoking-and-mortality-in-adults-aged-70-years-and-older-results-from-the-nih-aarp-cohort
#6
Sarah H Nash, Linda M Liao, Tamara B Harris, Neal D Freedman
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco use remains a leading modifiable cause of cancer incidence and premature mortality in the U.S. and globally. Despite increasing life expectancy worldwide, less is known about the effects of cigarette smoking on older populations. This study sought to determine the effects of smoking on mortality in older age. METHODS: Associations of mortality with self-reported age at smoking cessation, age at smoking initiation, and amount smoked after age 70 years were examined in 160,113 participants of the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study aged >70 years...
November 22, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913448/targeting-inflammation-in-cancer-prevention-and-therapy
#7
REVIEW
Jelena Todoric, Laura Antonucci, Michael Karin
Inflammation is associated with the development and malignant progression of most cancers. As most of the cell types involved in cancer-associated inflammation are genetically stable and thus are not subjected to rapid emergence of drug resistance, the targeting of inflammation represents an attractive strategy both for cancer prevention and for cancer therapy. Tumor-extrinsic inflammation is caused by many factors, including bacterial and viral infections, autoimmune diseases, obesity, tobacco smoking, asbestos exposure, and excessive alcohol consumption, all of which increase cancer risk and stimulate malignant progression...
December 2016: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905988/a-population-study-on-the-time-trend-of-cigarette-smoking-cessation-and-exposure-to-secondhand-smoking-from-2001-to-2013-in-taiwan
#8
Chi-Yung Chiang, Hsing-Yi Chang
BACKGROUND: In 2001, the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) commenced in Taiwan. This survey, conducted on a sample of the whole Taiwanese population, is nationally representative and has a high response rate (>80 %). As a result, the four already completed surveys from 2001 to 2013 can be used to investigate the time trend of smoking prevalence, the rate of cessation, and exposure to secondhand smoking. METHODS: There were 72918 adults combined from the 2001, 2005, 2009 and 2013 National Health Interview Surveys (NHIS)...
November 5, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905929/smoking-cessation-programmes-using-traditional-medicine-in-korea
#9
Soobin Jang, Yu Lee Park, Ju Ah Lee, Kyeong Han Kim, Eun-Kyoung Lee, Seung-Ho Sun, Yong-Cheol Shin, Seong-Gyu Ko, Sunju Park
BACKGROUND: There are growing interests in using various methods including traditional and complementary medicines (T&CM) for tobacco control. The study aimed to introduce how traditional Korean medicine (TKM) applied to smoking cessation programmes in Korea and to show the detail information of each programme for designing other smoke cessation programmes. METHODS: Reports of the smoke cessation programmes in Korea were searched on March 10th, 2016, from the webpages of the related agencies and the databases: the Ministry of Health and Welfare, the Korea Health Foundation, the Association of Korean Medicine, PubMed, Google scholar, the RISS, the KISS, the NDSL, and the OASIS...
December 1, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905641/-factors-associated-with-success-of-a-smoking-cessation-program
#10
Pedro Peña, Mónica Zagolin, Mónica Acuña, Sandra Navarrete, Pilar Bustamante, Andrea Canals
BACKGROUND: Smoking cessation therapies include counseling, psychological management and pharmacological therapy. Varenicline is the most effective and safe medication available. AIM: To study risk factors for the failure of pharmacological smoking cessation therapy with varenicline. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 281 patients aged 45 ± 11 years (65% males) with a mean consumption of 31 ± 22 packs/year. They completed a smoking cessation program comprising psychological support and use of varenicline in a private clinic...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903957/medicalisation-smoking-and-e-cigarettes-evidence-and-implications
#11
Kylie Morphett, Adrian Carter, Wayne Hall, Coral Gartner
There is debate in the tobacco control literature about the value of a medical model in reducing smoking-related harm. The variety of medical treatments for smoking cessation has increased, health professionals are encouraged to use them to assist smoking cessation and tobacco dependence is being described as a 'chronic disease'. Some critics suggest that the medicalisation of smoking undermines the tobacco industry's responsibility for the harms of smoking. Others worry that it will lead smokers to deny personal responsibility for cessation, create beliefs in 'magic bullets' for smoking cessation, or erode smokers' confidence in their ability to quit...
November 30, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900650/smoking-cessation-and-electronic-cigarettes-in-community-mental-health-centers-patient-and-provider-perspectives
#12
Li-Shiun Chen, Timothy Baker, Ross C Brownson, Robert M Carney, Douglas Jorenby, Sarah Hartz, Nina Smock, Mark Johnson, Douglas Ziedonis, Laura J Bierut
Little is known about patients' electronic cigarette use, interest in and use of smoking cessation treatments, and providers' attitude towards such treatment. We assessed patients (N = 231) and providers (45 psychiatrists, 97 case workers) in four Community Mental Health Centers. Interestingly, 50% of smokers reported interest in using electronic cigarettes to quit smoking, and 22% reported current use. While 82% of smokers reported wanting to quit or reduce smoking, 91% of psychiatrists and 84% of case workers reported that patients were not interested in quitting as the lead barrier, limiting the provision of cessation interventions...
November 30, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896041/flavored-e-cigarette-use-characterizing-youth-young-adult-and-adult-users
#13
M B Harrell, S R Weaver, A Loukas, M Creamer, C N Marti, C D Jackson, J W Heath, P Nayak, C L Perry, T F Pechacek, M P Eriksen
The purpose of this study is to investigate how the use of flavored e-cigarettes varies between youth (12-17 years old), young adults (18-29 years old), and older adults (30 + years old). Cross-sectional surveys of school-going youth (n = 3907) and young adult college students (n = 5482) in Texas, and young adults and older adults (n = 6051) nationwide were administered in 2014-2015. Proportions and 95% confidence intervals were used to describe the percentage of e-cigarette use at initiation and in the past 30 days that was flavored, among current e-cigarette users...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891317/outcome-of-tobacco-cessation-in-workplace-and-clinic-settings-a-comparative-study
#14
Ramdas S Ransing, Dipak B Patil, Maruti B Desai, Asawari Modak
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Several biological, social, and cultural factors contribute to the poor outcome of tobacco cessation interventions. Inability to engage large number of participants is one of the major identifiable factors. The objective of this study was to compare the outcome of tobacco cessation interventions in the clinical and workplace settings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, we recruited 100 participants in tobacco cessation clinic (TCC) group and workplace group (50 participants in each)...
September 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890648/bupropion-sustained-release-for-pregnant-smokers-a%C3%A2-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#15
Tatiana N Nanovskaya, Cheryl Oncken, Valentina M Fokina, Richard S Feinn, Shannon M Clark, Holly West, Sunil K Jain, Mahmoud S Ahmed, Gary D V Hankins
BACKGROUND: Bupropion is used to treat depression during pregnancy. However, its usefulness as a smoking cessation aid for pregnant women is not fully known. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the preliminary efficacy of bupropion sustained release for smoking cessation during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a randomized, prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled, pilot trial. Pregnant women who smoked daily received individualized behavior counseling and were randomly assigned to a 12 week, twice-a-day treatment with 150 mg bupropion sustained release or placebo...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889593/prevalence-and-patterns-of-cigarette-smoking-among-patients-co-infected-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-tuberculosis-in-tanzania
#16
Ramadhani Stephano Mwiru, Tumaini Joseph Nagu, Pamela Kaduri, Ferdinand Mugusi, Wafaie Fawzi
INTRODUCTION: Cigarette smoking is one of the major risk factors for non-AIDS related morbidities and is highly prevalent among HIV infected people. However, no reports exist from Tanzania, one of the countries highly affected by the HIV pandemic and one of Africa's biggest tobacco producer. METHODS: We examined the patterns and prevalence of cigarette smoking among HIV and TB co-infected adult patients in Dar es Salaam using a cross sectional study design. Proportions were used to describe the pattern of cigarette smoking...
November 12, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888782/effect-of-smoking-cessation-in-saliva-compounds-by-ftir-spectroscopy
#17
Laís Morandini Rodrigues, Taciana Deprá Magrini, Celina Faig Lima, Jaqueline Scholz, Herculano da Silva Martinho, Janete Dias Almeida
INTRODUCTION: Smoking is currently considered one of the biggest risk factors for the development of various diseases and early death. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy is a valuable tool for analysis of biofluids such as saliva and is considered useful for diagnostic purposes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of smoking cessation on saliva composition by FTIR spectroscopy. METHODS: We analyzed the saliva of participants in two groups: a smoker group made up of 10 chronic smokers and a former smoker group made up of 10 individuals who had stopped smoking...
November 23, 2016: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882838/a-pragmatic-randomized-trial-comparing-telephone-based-enhanced-pharmacy-care-and-usual-care-to-support-smoking-cessation
#18
Jason Gong, Christine L Baker, Kelly H Zou, Marianna Bruno, Zhanna Jumadilova, David Lawrence, Beth Wilson, Cynthia Ewel
BACKGROUND: Smoking is the leading preventable cause of death, and tobacco control professionals continue to make progress in cessation efforts. Pharmacists can assist smokers seeking to quit by offering counseling on smoking cessation pharmacotherapies. Pragmatic randomized trials are useful for investigating practical questions about an intervention's risks, benefits, and costs in routine clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate an enhanced pharmacy care (EPC) program involving personalized pharmacist-provided telephone counseling for supporting prescription smoking cessation medications compared with usual care (UC)...
December 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882792/smoke-free-hospital-site-conversations-how-nurses-can-initiate-change
#19
Peter Mackereth, Charlotte Finchett, Melody Holt
Smoking tobacco continues to be the world's most preventable cause of death and disability with over six trillion cigarettes sold each year. Patients, visitors and health professionals who smoke on hospital sites present a challenge to the effectiveness of public health messages. Health professionals who ignore 'No smoking' hospital/clinic signage, and avoid smoking-cessation activity, help to sustain the perception that smoking is tolerated. Case studies, with a focus on lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), are used to illustrate how nurses can 'seed' the idea of hospitals becoming smoke-free, provide brief interventions and support patients, carers and colleagues to make that change...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878808/interventions-for-tobacco-use-cessation-in-people-in-treatment-for-or-recovery-from-substance-use-disorders
#20
REVIEW
Dorie Apollonio, Rose Philipps, Lisa Bero
BACKGROUND: Smoking rates in people with alcohol and other drug dependencies are two to four times those of the general population. Concurrent treatment of tobacco dependence has been limited due to concern that these interventions are not successful in this population or that recovery from other addictions could be compromised if tobacco cessation was combined with other drug dependency treatment. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether interventions for tobacco cessation are associated with tobacco abstinence for people in concurrent treatment for or in recovery from alcohol and other drug dependence...
November 23, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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