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Tobacco use cessation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224298/-smoking-abstinence-rate-and-its-associated-factors-between-abrupt-and-gradual-smoking-cessation
#1
R Hao, J P Zhou, L Ni, Q Y Li, G C Shi
Objective: To analyze and compare the abstinence rate of smoking quitting methods and its associated factors between abrupt and gradual smoking cessation in smokers with drug-based therapy. Methods: A prospective clinical study was conducted in patients undergoing quitting smoking intervention in Ruijin Hospital smoking cessation clinic between June 2013 and May 2016. All the subjects were randomized in a 1∶1 ratio into the abrupt smoking cessation group (smoking as usual over 3 weeks before a planned quit day, and then stopping smoking abruptly) and the gradual smoking cessation group (gradually reducing tobacco use over 3 weeks before a planned quit day, and then stopping smoking totally)...
December 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220743/the-cigarette-dependence-scale-and-heaviness-of-smoking-index-as-predictors-of-smoking-cessation-after-10weeks-of-nicotine-replacement-therapy-and-at-6-month-follow-up
#2
Laurie Zawertailo, Sabrina Voci, Peter Selby
INTRODUCTION: The reliability and validity of the Cigarette Dependence Scale (CDS) has been tested in online studies and compared with other tobacco dependence measures. Findings regarding its ability to predict smoking cessation have been mixed. We examined whether the CDS predicted cessation among a sample that received nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) at a community workshop and assessed the incremental predictive validity of the CDS-5 and CDS-12 over the 2-item Heaviness of Smoking Index (HSI)...
November 27, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219856/the-interaction-of-depressive-symptoms-and-hazardous-drinking-in-relation-to-tobacco-craving-among-treatment-seeking-depressed-smokers-sex-differences
#3
Rubén Rodríguez-Cano, Ana López-Durán, Daniel J Paulus, Carmela Martínez-Vispo, Elena Fernández Del Río, Elisardo Becoña, Michael J Zvolensky
OBJECTIVES: The present study sought to address whether there is sex effect in the interactive effect between depressive symptoms and hazardous drinking in the prediction of smoking craving after cognitive-behavioral smoking cessation treatment among those with at least mild depression. METHODS: Participants (n = 114, mean age 42.0, SD = 9.73, 64% women) were treatment-seeking smokers who attended 6 weekly 1-hour sessions involving psychological treatment for cessation...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217965/guidance-for-the-clinical-management-of-thirdhand-smoke-exposure-in-the-child-health-care-setting
#4
Jeremy E Drehmer, Bethany Hipple Walters, Emara Nabi-Burza, Jonathan P Winickoff
Objective: To explain the concept of thirdhand smoke and how it can be used to protect the health of children and improve delivery of tobacco control interventions for parents in the child health care setting. Methods: Review of the literature and descriptive report. Results: The thirdhand smoke concept has been used in the CEASE intervention to improve the delivery of tobacco control counseling and services to parents. Materials and techniques have been developed for the child health care setting that use the concept of thirdhand smoke...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Outcomes Management: JCOM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214890/electronic-cigarettes-an-aid-in-smoking-cessation-or-a-new-health-hazard
#5
Konstantinos Farsalinos
The issue of electronic cigarettes is one of the most controversial topics in public health. There is intense debate and dividing opinions about their use patterns, health effects and association with smoking. This is expected since they were only recently introduced to the market and they refer to a harm-reduction approach and strategy that is not universally accepted for smoking and tobacco use in the public health community. Three main factors determine the public health impact of electronic cigarettes: (1) their safety/risk profile, both relative to smoking and in absolute terms; (2) their effectiveness for smoking reduction and cessation; (3) the patterns of use by different population subgroups, especially never-smokers, and adoption of use by youth...
December 1, 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208738/a-new-form-of-nicotine-retailers-a-systematic-review-of-the-sales-and-marketing-practices-of-vape-shops
#6
REVIEW
Joseph G L Lee, Elizabeth N Orlan, Kerry B Sewell, Kurt M Ribisl
OBJECTIVE: Retailers that primarily or exclusively sell electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) or vaping products represent a new category of tobacco retailer. We sought to identify (a) how vape shops can be identified and (b) sales and marketing practices of vape shops. DATA SOURCES: A medical librarian iteratively developed a search strategy and in February 2017 searched seven academic databases (ABI/INFORM Complete, ECONLit, Embase, Entrepreneurship, PsycINFO, PubMed/MEDLINE and Scopus)...
December 5, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208442/defining-a-global-research-and-policy-agenda-for-betel-quid-and-areca-nut
#7
REVIEW
Hedieh Mehrtash, Kalina Duncan, Mark Parascandola, Annette David, Ellen R Gritz, Prakash C Gupta, Ravi Mehrotra, Amer Siddiq Amer Nordin, Paul C Pearlman, Saman Warnakulasuriya, Chi-Pang Wen, Rosnah Binti Zain, Edward L Trimble
Betel quid and areca nut are known risk factors for many oral and oesophageal cancers, and their use is highly prevalent in the Asia-Pacific region. Additionally, betel quid and areca nut are associated with health effects on the cardiovascular, nervous, gastrointestinal, metabolic, respiratory, and reproductive systems. Unlike tobacco, for which the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control provides evidence-based policies for reducing tobacco use, no global policy exists for the control of betel quid and areca nut use...
December 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206852/psychological-pharmacological-and-combined-smoking-cessation-interventions-for-smokers-with-current-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Roberto Secades-Villa, Alba González-Roz, Ángel García-Pérez, Elisardo Becoña
We conducted a systematic literature review and meta-analysis (ID: CRD42016051017) of smoking cessation interventions for patients with current depression. We examined the effectiveness of smoking cessation treatments in improving abstinence rates and depressive symptoms. The following electronic databases were used for potentially eligible studies: PUBMED, PSYCINFO, DIALNET and WEB OF KNOWLEDGE. The search terms used were: smoking cessation, depressive disorder, depression, mood, depressive, depressed, smoking, smokers, nicotine, nicotine dependence, and tobacco cigarette smoking...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201950/using-the-vape-shop-standardized-tobacco-assessment-for-retail-settings-v-stars-to-assess-product-availability-price-promotions-and-messaging-in-new-hampshire-vape-shop-retailers
#9
Amanda Y Kong, Jessica L Eaddy, Susan L Morrison, Donna Asbury, Kristine M Lindell, Kurt M Ribisl
Objectives: This is the first statewide census of the product availability, price promotions, and product messaging of vape shops. Methods: A comprehensive list of New Hampshire vape shops was developed through a previously validated online search method. Store audits were conducted in 55 stores between January and February 2016 using the Vape Shop Standardized Tobacco Assessment for Retail Settings (V-STARS). Results: Modifiable devices and cig-alikes were sold in 92...
April 2017: Tobacco Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201593/a-policy-perspective-on-the-global-use-of-smokeless-tobacco
#10
REVIEW
Kamran Siddiqi, Aishwarya Lakshmi Vidyasagaran, Anne Readshaw, Ray Croucher
Background: Globally, over 300 million people consume diverse smokeless tobacco (ST) products. They are addictive, cause cancer, increased cardiovascular mortality risks and poor pregnancy outcomes. Purpose of Review: To identify gaps in implementing key ST demand-reduction measures, focused literature reviews were conducted and findings synthesized according to relevant WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) Articles. Recent Findings: The literature supports implementation of ST demand-reduction measures...
2017: Current Addiction Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199521/electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-ends-what-nurses-need-to-know
#11
Carol Essenmacher, Madeline Naegle, Carolyn Baird, Bridgette Vest, Rene Spielmann, Marie Smith-East, Leigh Powers
BACKGROUND: Efforts to decrease adverse effects of tobacco use are affected by emergence of new nicotine delivery products. Advertising, product promotion, and social media promote use of these products, yet a lack of evidence regarding safety leaves nurses unprepared to counsel patients. OBJECTIVES: To critically evaluate current research, reviews of literature, expert opinion, and stakeholder policy proposals on use and safety of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS)...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195588/characteristics-and-clinical-treatment-of-tobacco-smokers-enrolled-in-a-va-substance-use-disorders-clinic
#12
Julie C Gass, David H Morris, Jamie Winters, Joseph W VanderVeen, Stephen Chermack
Individuals with a substance use disorder (SUD) diagnosis are more than twice as likely to smoke cigarettes as the general population. Emerging research has suggested that treating a substance use disorder simultaneously with tobacco use leads to a higher rate of treatment success for both substances. Despite this, substance use treatment protocols tend not to focus on tobacco use; in fact, traditional substance use treatments often discourage patients from attempting to quit smoking. One rationale is that patients may not be motivated to quit smoking...
January 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191599/limited-mutagenicity-of-electronic-cigarettes-in-mouse-or-human-cells-in-vitro
#13
Stella Tommasi, Steven E Bates, Rachel Z Behar, Prue Talbot, Ahmad Besaratinia
OBJECTIVES: Electronic cigarettes (e-cig), which are promoted as safe alternatives to tobacco cigarettes or as aides to smoking cessation, are becoming increasingly popular among adult chronic smokers and adolescents experimenting with tobacco products. Despite the known presence of toxicants and carcinogens in e-cig liquid and vapor, the possible carcinogenic effects of e-cig use in humans are unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have utilized two validated in vitro model systems to investigate whether e-cig vapor induces mutation in mouse or human cells...
October 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190143/perceptions-of-tobacco-control-media-campaigns-among-smokers-with-lower-socioeconomic-status
#14
Anna McCullough, Clare Meernik, Hannah Baker, Kristen Jarman, Barbara Walsh, Adam Goldstein
People with low socioeconomic status (SES) in the United States have disparately high rates of smoking and experience disproportionately high burdens of smoking-related disease. Tobacco control media campaigns are a critical strategy for reducing tobacco use prevalence, but evidence is mixed about the optimal use of mass media to reach and promote tobacco use cessation among people with low SES. Improved understanding of the factors influencing how low-SES tobacco users evaluate tobacco control media campaigns may inform development of more effective messages and strategies...
November 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184315/is-there-an-association-between-the-duration-of-stay-in-the-medical-colleges-and-the-smoking-behavior-among-medical-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
J P Majra, K M Akshaya
Background: Health-care providers must be at the forefront of tobacco cessation to ensure a downward shift in tobacco use. Medical schools constitute an important site for education and cessation efforts. Health-care professionals play a substantial role in influencing patients' lifestyle choices including tobacco cessation. Objectives: To examine the association between the duration of stay in the medical colleges and the smoking behavior among the medical students in Karnataka, India...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183920/reassessing-the-importance-of-lost-pleasure-associated-with-smoking-cessation-implications-for-social-welfare-and-policy
#16
Terry Frank Pechacek, Pratibha Nayak, Paul Slovic, Scott R Weaver, Jidong Huang, Michael P Eriksen
INTRODUCTION: Benefit-cost analyses of tobacco regulations include estimates of the informed choice of smokers to continue smoking. Few studies have focused on subjective feelings associated with continued smoking. This study estimates how smoker discontent and regret relate to risk perceptions and health concerns. METHODS: We analysed data from a 2015 nationally representative, online survey of 1284 US adult current smokers. Information was collected on regret, intention to quit, perceived addiction, risk perceptions and health concerns...
November 28, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180151/comparison-of-pharmacy-students-knowledge-and-self-efficacy-to-provide-cessation-counseling-for-hookah-and-cigarette-use
#17
Sabina O Nduaguba, Kentya H Ford, Benita Bamgbade, Ogechi Iwuorie
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess pharmacy students' self-efficacy to provide cessation counseling for commercial cigarette and hookah tobacco use. METHODS: A cross-sectional study including PharmD students at a College of Pharmacy was conducted in Spring 2014. Confidence in counseling and perception of knowledge were self-rated and based on the Ask-Advise-Assess-Assist-Arrange follow-up (5A's) model and general tobacco cessation counseling skills. Comparisons were made between cigarettes and hookahs and by program level using t-tests, Wilcoxon signed-rank test, analyses of variance, and Tukey-Kramer tests...
January 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179734/an-integrated-digital-clinical-approach-to-smoking-cessation-in-lung-cancer-screening-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Amanda L Graham, Michael V Burke, Megan A Jacobs, Sarah Cha, Ivana T Croghan, Darrell R Schroeder, James P Moriarty, Bijan J Borah, Donna F Rasmussen, M Jody Brookover, Dale B Suesse, David E Midthun, J Taylor Hays
BACKGROUND: Delivering effective tobacco dependence treatment that is feasible within lung cancer screening (LCS) programs is crucial for realizing the health benefits and cost savings of screening. Large-scale trials and systematic reviews have demonstrated that digital cessation interventions (i.e. web-based and text message) are effective, sustainable over the long-term, scalable, and cost-efficient. Use of digital technologies is commonplace among older adults, making this a feasible approach within LCS programs...
November 28, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173282/using-bioinformatics-to-treat-hospitalized-smokers-successes-and-challenges-of-a-tobacco-treatment-service
#19
Thomas Ylioja, Vivek Reddy, Richard Ambrosino, Esa M Davis, Antoine Douaihy, Kristin Slovenkay, Valerie Kogut, Beth Frenak, Kathy Palombo, Anna Schulze, Gerald Cochran, Hilary A Tindle
BACKGROUND: Hospitals face increasing regulations to provide and document inpatient tobacco treatment, yet few blueprint data exist to implement a tobacco treatment service (TTS). METHODS: A hospitalwide, opt-out TTS with three full-time certified counselors was developed in a large tertiary care hospital to proactively treat smokers according to Chronic Care Model principles and national treatment guidelines. A bioinformatics platform facilitated integration into the electronic health record to meet evolving Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services meaningful use and Joint Commission standards...
December 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172930/health-warnings-smoking-rules-and-smoking-status-a-cross-national-comparison-of-turkey-and-the-united-states
#20
Jenna Wintemberg, Mansoo Yu, Ozge Karadag Caman
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the prevalence of smoking status (i.e., current, former and never) between the United States and Turkey in terms of age and gender, and examine how smoking rules and health warnings are associated with smoking status within and between the two countries. METHODS: The study used data from the 2012-2013 National Adult Tobacco Survey (U.S. sample, N = 60,196) and the 2012 Global Adult Tobacco Survey (Turkey sample, N = 9,581)...
November 27, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
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