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Tobacco use cessation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447363/tobacco-packaging-design-for-reducing-tobacco-use
#1
REVIEW
Ann McNeill, Shannon Gravely, Sara C Hitchman, Linda Bauld, David Hammond, Jamie Hartmann-Boyce
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is the largest single preventable cause of death and disease worldwide. Standardised tobacco packaging is an intervention intended to reduce the promotional appeal of packs and can be defined as packaging with a uniform colour (and in some cases shape and size) with no logos or branding, apart from health warnings and other government-mandated information, and the brand name in a prescribed uniform font, colour and size. Australia was the first country to implement standardised tobacco packaging between October and December 2012, France implemented standardised tobacco packaging on 1 January 2017 and several other countries are implementing, or intending to implement, standardised tobacco packaging...
April 27, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447180/american-indian-knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-about-smokeless-tobacco-a-comparison-of-two-focus-group-studies
#2
Kathryn Rollins, Charley Lewis, Ryan Goeckner, Joseph Pacheco, T Edward Smith, Jason Hale, Sean Makosky Daley, Won S Choi, Christine Makosky Daley
Though smokeless tobacco (SLT) use has decreased in many communities, concern for American Indian (AI) SLT use remains, as this population continues to be disproportionally affected by SLT-related diseases. Tobacco has cultural significance to many AI tribes, therefore tobacco cessation messages portraying tobacco as entirely negative may be ineffective. As a part of our formative research for an SLT cessation intervention, we sought to gain a better understanding of the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about SLT among AI community members...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444627/level-of-cigarette-consumption-and-duration-of-smoking-abstinence-during-failed-quit-attempts-among-long-term-daily-smokers-the-role-of-race-ethnicity-and-cessation-aids
#3
Julia N Soulakova, Lisa J Crockett
The goal of this study was to determine whether race/ethnicity and use of smoking cessation aids are associated with the duration of the last serious quit attempt and reductions in cigarette consumption among long-term daily smokers who tried, and failed, to quit smoking during the preceding year. Data came from the 2010-2011 Tobacco Use Supplement survey conducted in the USA, and analyses included 6672 reports of long-term daily smokers (i.e., smokers who smoked daily for 1 year or longer) who made at least one serious quit attempt in the past 12 months...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440105/effect-of-doxazosin-on-stress-reactivity-and-the-ability-to-resist-smoking
#4
Terril L Verplaetse, Andrea H Weinberger, Lindsay M Oberleitner, Kathryn Mz Smith, Brian P Pittman, Julia M Shi, Jeanette M Tetrault, Meaghan E Lavery, Marina R Picciotto, Sherry A McKee
Preclinical findings support a role for α1-adrenergic antagonists in reducing nicotine-motivated behaviors, but these findings have yet to be translated to humans. The current study evaluated whether doxazosin would attenuate stress-precipitated smoking in the human laboratory. Using a well-validated laboratory analogue of smoking-lapse behavior, this pilot study evaluated whether doxazosin (4 and 8 mg/day) versus placebo attenuated the effect of stress (vs neutral imagery) on tobacco craving, the ability to resist smoking and subsequent ad-libitum smoking in nicotine-deprived smokers ( n=35)...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437216/posttraumatic-symptom-reporting-and-reported-cigarette-smoking-during-pregnancy
#5
Sara L Kornfield, Marian Moseley, Dina Appleby, Courtney L McMickens, Mary D Sammel, C Neill Epperson
INTRODUCTION: Increased prevalence of nicotine dependence among individuals suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is well established. However, there are limited studies on the prevalence of smoking during pregnancy in relation to prepregnancy history of trauma exposures and active PTSD symptoms during pregnancy. Prenatal smoking has been implicated in a host of negative outcomes for mother and baby. Given maternal and fetal risk, it is critical to define predictors of continued cigarette smoking during pregnancy...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435842/is-individual-smoking-behaviour-influenced-by-area-level-ethnic-density-a-cross-sectional-electronic-health-database-study-of-inner-south-east-london
#6
Rohini Mathur, Peter Schofield, Dianna Smith, Alexander Gilkes, Patrick White, Sally Hull
Tobacco smoking remains one of the greatest public health problems facing the UK today. It varies significantly by ethnic group. This study aimed to determine whether ethnic differences in smoking behaviour are related to neighbourhood-level, own-group ethnic density across south and east London. The association between ethnic density and individual smoking behaviour was assessed by multilevel logistic regression using the electronic health records of 688 397 general practitioner-registered patients. Restricted cubic splines were created to explore whether the effect of ethnic density on smoking behaviour was nonlinear...
January 2017: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435362/awareness-about-the-effects-of-tobacco-consumption-on-oral-health-and-the-possibility-of-smoking-behavior-among-male-saudi-schoolchildren
#7
Muhammad Ashraf Nazir, Khalid Almas
OBJECTIVE: To investigate an association between the awareness about the effects of tobacco consumption on oral health and the likelihood of smoking among male schoolchildren. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted using a multistage random sampling technique. The participants (ages 15-19 years) were recruited from male public high schools in Greater Dammam in Saudi Arabia. A pretested questionnaire inquired participants' awareness about the effects of smoking on oral health...
January 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434457/system-changes-to-implement-the-joint-commission-tobacco-treatment-tob-performance-measures-for-improving-the-treatment-of-tobacco-use-among-hospitalized-patients
#8
Donna Shelley, Keith S Goldfeld, Hannah Park, Ana Mola, Ryan Sullivan, Jonathan Austrian
BACKGROUND: In 2012 The Joint Commission implemented new Tobacco Treatment (TOB) performance measures for hospitals. A study evaluated the impact of a hospital-based electronic health record (EHR) intervention on adherence to the revised TOB measures. METHODS: The study was conducted in two acute care hospitals in New York City. Data abstracted from the EHR were analyzed retrospectively from 4,871 smokers discharged between December 2012 and March 2015 to evaluate the impact of two interventions: an order set to prompt clinicians to prescribe pharmacotherapy and a nurse-delivered counseling module that automatically populated the nursing care plan for all smokers...
May 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432213/tobacco-retail-availability-and-risk-of-relapse-among-smokers-who-make-a-quit-attempt-a-population-based-cohort-study
#9
Michael O Chaiton, Graham Mecredy, Joanna Cohen
INTRODUCTION: The availability of tobacco is thought to influence smoking behaviour, but there are few longitudinal studies examining if the location and number of tobacco outlets has a prospective impact on smoking cessation. METHODS: The Ontario Tobacco Survey, a population-representative sample of Ontario adult smokers who were followed every 6 months for up to 3 years, was linked with tobacco outlet location data from the Ontario Ministry of Health. Proximity (distance), threshold (at least one outlet within 500 m) and density (number of outlets within 500 m) with respect to a smokers' home were calculated among urban and suburban current smokers (n=2414)...
April 21, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417877/tobacco-and-diabetes-clinical-relevance-and-approach-to-smoking-cessation-in-diabetic-smokers
#10
Marco López Zubizarreta, Miguel Ángel Hernández Mezquita, José Manuel Miralles García, Miguel Barrueco Ferrero
Smoking is, together with diabetes mellitus, one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Diabetic patients have unique features and characteristics, some of which are not well known, that cause smoking to aggravate the effects of diabetes and impose difficulties in the smoking cessation process, for which a specificand more intensive approach with stricter controls is required. This review details all aspects with a known influence on the interaction between smoking and diabetes, both as regards the increased risk of macrovascular and microvascular complications of diabetes and the factors with an impact on the results of smoking cessation programs...
April 2017: Endocrinol Diabetes Nutr
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412827/challenges-of-tobacco-control-program-in-iran
#11
Jalal Poorolajal, Younes Mohammadi, Azam Mahmoodi
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the status of cigarette marketing in Iran as well as the attitude of smokers toward smoking and the policies and tobacco control programs in the country. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 3480 volunteer smokers in six provinces, using a stratified cluster random sampling method. The study population consisted of smokers who used at least one cigarette per day. The data collection tool was an anonymous self-administered questionnaire including basic information and 20 five-choice questions related to participants' attitude toward smoking habits (Cronbach's alpha; 79...
April 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412260/is-oral-biopsy-associated-with-change-in-tobacco-or-alcohol-use
#12
Tiffany M Peters, Ceib Phillips, Valerie A Murrah
PURPOSE: Tobacco and alcohol remain the predominant risk factors for oral cancer, but the relation between having an oral biopsy examination and cessation of these risk factors is unknown. Therefore, this investigation examined whether there might be an association between oral biopsy examination and change in risk factor use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was sent to a cohort consisting of a consecutive sample of patients identified in the University of North Carolina Oral Pathology database...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403470/perinatal-biochemical-confirmation-of-smoking-status-by-trimester
#13
Kristin Ashford, Amanda Wiggins, Emily Rayens, Sara Assef, Amanda Fallin, Mary Kay Rayens
Introduction: Tobacco use during pregnancy is the most modifiable risk factor associated with poor pregnancy outcomes. Self-reported tobacco use has been demonstrated to have high misclassification rates. The aims were to examine misclassification rates of perinatal tobacco use during each trimester of pregnancy and 8 weeks postpartum, and to evaluate characteristics associated with misclassification of tobacco use status. Methods: This is secondary analysis of a prospective, multicenter trial of pregnant women, and it includes participants who were biochemically identified as tobacco users during their first trimester (N = 103)...
May 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403465/smoking-in-pregnancy-among-indigenous-women-in-high-income-countries-a-narrative-review
#14
Gillian S Gould, Christi Patten, Marewa Glover, Anette Kira, Harshani Jayasinghe
Introduction: Pregnant women in socioeconomically disadvantaged circumstances, such as Indigenous women, have a high prevalence of smoking. Tobacco smoking is the most significant reversible risk factor for the health of Indigenous pregnant women and their babies. Methods: As researchers working in this specialized area, we conducted a narrative review of the literature on smoking among Indigenous pregnant women in the United States, Canada, New Zealand, and Australia...
May 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403464/supporting-aboriginal-women-to-quit-smoking-antenatal-and-postnatal-care-providers-confidence-attitudes-and-practices
#15
Flora Tzelepis, Justine Daly, Sarah Dowe, Alex Bourke, Karen Gillham, Megan Freund
Introduction: Tobacco use during pregnancy is substantially higher among Aboriginal women compared to non-Aboriginal women in Australia. However, no studies have investigated the amount or type of smoking cessation care that staff from Aboriginal antenatal and postnatal services provide to clients who smoke or staff confidence to do so. This study examined Aboriginal antenatal and postnatal staff confidence, perceived role and delivery of smoking cessation care to Aboriginal women and characteristics associated with provision of such care...
May 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403463/facilitators-and-barriers-to-cigarette-smoking-while-pregnant-for-women-with-substance-use-disorders
#16
Shauna P Acquavita, Alexandra Talks, Kayleigh Fiser
Introduction: Cigarette smoking among pregnant women diagnosed with substance use disorders (SUD) is four times higher than smoking among pregnant women without SUD. However, much of the literature on pregnancy and smoking has centered on the latter group. This study used the Health Belief Model as a framework to explore smoking cessation in pregnant women with SUD. Methods: Four 60-minute focus groups were conducted with a semistructured moderator guide. Participants (N = 21) were women who smoked during pregnancy, gave birth within the past year, and were residing at a women's SUD treatment center...
May 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403456/national-survey-of-smoking-and-smoking-cessation-education-within-uk-midwifery-school-curricula
#17
Jane Forman, James M Harris, Fabiana Lorencatto, Andy McEwen, Maria J Duaso
Introduction: Smoking in pregnancy in the United Kingdom remains prevalent (11%). To encourage and support pregnant smokers to quit, midwives must be adequately trained to do so. Substantial curricular gaps have been identified in the smoking cessation training of medical, nursing, and optometry schools. This study aimed to identify the extent of smoking cessation training and assessment in UK midwifery schools. Methods: All UK undergraduate midwifery schools (n = 53) were invited to complete a web-based survey of their curricular coverage and assessment related to smoking cessation, and perceived barriers to delivering smoking cessation training...
May 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393367/increasing-popularity-of-waterpipe-tobacco-smoking-and-electronic-cigarette-use-implications-for-oral-healthcare
#18
REVIEW
C P Ramôa, T Eissenberg, S E Sahingur
Cigarette smoking increases the risk of developing several systemic conditions including cancer, cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases. Cigarette smoking is also detrimental to oral health as it increases the incidence and severity of oral cancer, periodontal diseases and peri-implantitis, as well as impacting negatively on the dental patients' response to therapy. Therefore, consideration of smoking behavior and recommendation of smoking cessation are important parts of dental treatment planning. However, cigarettes are no longer the most popular form of tobacco use among adolescents in the United States and globally...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392255/completion-rates-in-a-preoperative-surgical-weight-loss-program-by-tobacco-use-status
#19
Susan Veldheer, Jessica Yingst, Ann M Rogers, Jonathan Foulds
BACKGROUND: Weight loss surgery (WLS) is an effective treatment for obesity and its associated conditions, but given the known benefits of preoperative tobacco abstinence on reducing postoperative complications, many WLS programs require tobacco abstention before surgery. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between tobacco use and WLS program completion. SETTING: A 548-bed university hospital in Pennsylvania with a nationally accredited comprehensive WLS program...
February 10, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390697/smoking-prevalence-and-attributable-disease-burden-in-195-countries-and-territories-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#20
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The scale-up of tobacco control, especially after the adoption of the Framework Convention for Tobacco Control, is a major public health success story. Nonetheless, smoking remains a leading risk for early death and disability worldwide, and therefore continues to require sustained political commitment. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) offers a robust platform through which global, regional, and national progress toward achieving smoking-related targets can be assessed...
April 5, 2017: Lancet
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