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Tobacco use cessation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682394/cancer-patients-enrolled-in-a-smoking-cessation-clinical-trial-characteristics-and-correlates-of-smoking-rate-and-nicotine-dependence
#1
Andrew Miele, Morgan Thompson, Nancy C Jao, Ravi Kalhan, Frank Leone, Lee Hogarth, Brian Hitsman, Robert Schnoll
Introduction: A substantial proportion of cancer patients continue to smoke after their diagnosis but few studies have evaluated correlates of nicotine dependence and smoking rate in this population, which could help guide smoking cessation interventions. Aim: This study evaluated correlates of smoking rate and nicotine dependence among 207 cancer patients. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis using multiple linear regression evaluated disease, demographic, affective, and tobacco-seeking correlates of smoking rate and nicotine dependence...
2018: Journal of Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676824/the-safety-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-cytisine-in-achieving-six-month-continuous-smoking-abstinence-in-tuberculosis-patients-protocol-for-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomised-trial
#2
Omara Dogar, Deepa Barua, Melanie Boeckmann, Helen Elsey, Razia Fatima, Rhian Gabe, Rumana Huque, Ada Keding, Amina Khan, Daniel Kotz, Eva Kralikova, James N Newell, Iveta Nohavova, Steve Parrott, Anne Readshaw, Lottie Renwick, Aziz Sheikh, Kamran Siddiqi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Tuberculosis (TB) patients who quit smoking have much better disease outcomes than those who continue to smoke. Behavioural support combined with pharmacotherapy is the most effective strategy in helping people to quit, in general populations. However, there is no evidence for the effectiveness of this strategy in TB patients who smoke. We will assess the safety, effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of cytisine - a low-cost plant-derived nicotine substitute - for smoking cessation in TB patients compared with placebo, over and above brief behavioural support...
April 20, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671928/electronic-cigarette-use-among-cancer-patients-reasons-for-use-beliefs-and-patient-provider-communication
#3
John B Correa, Karen O Brandon, Lauren R Meltzer, Hannah J Hoehn, Bárbara Piñeiro, Thomas H Brandon, Vani N Simmons
OBJECTIVE: Smoking tobacco cigarettes after a cancer diagnosis increases risk for several serious adverse outcomes. Thus, patients can significantly benefit from quitting smoking. Electronic cigarettes are an increasingly popular cessation method. Providers routinely ask about combustible cigarette use, yet little is known about use and communication surrounding e-cigarettes among cancer patients. This study aims to describe cancer patient patterns, beliefs, and communication with oncology providers about e-cigarette use...
April 19, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671538/stable-coronary-artery-disease-treatment
#4
Michael M Braun, William A Stevens, Craig H Barstow
Stable coronary artery disease refers to a reversible supply/demand mismatch related to ischemia, a history of myocardial infarction, or the presence of plaque documented by catheterization or computed tomography angiography. Patients are considered stable if they are asymptomatic or their symptoms are controlled by medications or revascularization. Treatment involves risk factor management, antiplatelet therapy, and antianginal medications. Tobacco cessation, exercise, and weight loss are the most important lifestyle modifications...
March 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671537/chronic-pancreatitis-diagnosis-and-treatment
#5
Kathleen Barry
Chronic pancreatitis is an irreversible and progressive disorder of the pancreas characterized by inflammation, fibrosis, and scarring. Exocrine and endocrine functions are lost, often leading to chronic pain. The etiology is multifactorial, although alcoholism is the most significant risk factor in adults. The average age at diagnosis is 35 to 55 years. If chronic pancreatitis is suspected, contrast-enhanced computed tomography is the best imaging modality for diagnosis. Computed tomography may be inconclusive in early stages of the disease, so other modalities such as magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, or endoscopic ultrasonography with or without biopsy may be used...
March 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664119/e-cigarettes-vaping-and-performativity-in-the-context-of-tobacco-denormalisation
#6
Mark Lucherini, Catriona Rooke, Amanda Amos
E-cigarettes are devices through which a nicotine solution is 'vapourised' and inhaled by the user. Unlike cigarettes, the process involves no tobacco combustion. However, the inhalation and exhalation of vapour is reminiscent of smoking and there is debate about the possible harms and benefits of e-cigarette use, including the 'renormalisation' of smoking. Despite these debates, there has been little exploration into the embodied and semiotic similarities between smoking and vaping. This paper views the practices of vaping and smoking through the lens of performativity that is, the accumulation of meaning associated with the habits over time and space...
April 17, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660697/relapse-to-smoking-following-release-from-smoke-free-correctional-facilities-in-queensland-australia
#7
Cheneal Puljević, Dominique de Andrade, Ross Coomber, Stuart A Kinner
BACKGROUND: Smoke-free prison policies are increasingly common, but few studies have investigated relapse to smoking after release from prison. This study investigated return to tobacco smoking and correlates of smoking at reduced levels after release among adults recently released from smoke-free prisons in Queensland, Australia. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 114 people at parole offices within two months of release from prison was used. The survey measured health, social, and criminological factors related to tobacco smoking...
April 11, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660034/e-cigarettes-may-support-smokers-with-high-smoking-related-risk-awareness-to-stop-smoking-in-the-short-run-preliminary-results-by-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Marianna Masiero, Claudio Lucchiari, Ketti Mazzocco, Giulia Veronesi, Patrick Maisonneuve, Costantino Jemos, Emanuela Omodeo Salè, Stefania Spina, Raffaella Bertolotti, Gabriella Pravettoni
Introduction: E-cigarettes may be positively used in tobacco cessation treatments. However, neither the World Health Organization nor the American Food and Drug Administration has recognized them as effective cessation aids. Data about the efficacy and safety of e-cigarettes are still limited and controversial. Methods: This was a double-blind randomized controlled study. The main aim was to assess the efficacy of the use of e-cigarettes in a tobacco cessation program with a group of chronic smokers voluntarily involved in long-term lung cancer screening...
April 11, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658846/tobacco-free-policies-and-tobacco-cessation-systems-at-health-centers-serving-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-clients
#9
Joseph G L Lee, Megan E DeMarco, Matthew R Beymer, Chelsea L Shover, Robert K Bolan
PURPOSE: LGBT populations have high rates of tobacco use. Health centers serving LGBT clients are an important source of care. The researchers aimed to assess the implementation of recommended systems-level tobacco cessation interventions at these health centers. METHODS: Using systematic searching, directories, and expert review, we identified health centers serving LGBT clients that provide primary care. We conducted phone-based, semi-structured interviews with administrators (n = 11) between September 2016 and March 2017 regarding implementation of the Clinical Practice Guideline, Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence: 2008 Update (the Guideline)...
April 16, 2018: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656916/tobacco-use-and-sexual-orientation-in-a-national-cross-sectional-study-age-race-ethnicity-and-sexual-identity-attraction-differences
#10
Sean Esteban McCabe, Alicia K Matthews, Joseph G L Lee, Phil Veliz, Tonda L Hughes, Carol J Boyd
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to determine the past-year prevalence estimates of any nicotine/tobacco use, cigarette smoking, and DSM-5 tobacco use disorder based on sexual identity among U.S. adults, and to examine potential variations in these estimates by age, race/ethnicity, and sexual identity-attraction concordance/discordance. METHODS: The 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions collected data via in-person interviews with a cross-sectional nationally representative sample of non-institutionalized adults (response rate=60...
April 9, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650308/the-impact-of-social-media-based-support-groups-on-smoking-relapse-prevention-in-saudi-arabia
#11
Hamidi Al Onezi, Mohamed Khalifa, Ashraf El-Metwally, Mowafa Househ
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Tobacco smoking remains a major preventable cause of mortality and morbidity across the globe. People who attempt to quit smoking often experience episodes of relapse before finally quitting. Understanding the part that social networking sites and social media can play in smoking cessation and prevention of relapse is important to aid the development of novel techniques to curb the smoking epidemic. This study investigated the use of extra-treatment provided outside of the formal healthcare setting, bolstered by online social support in order to prevent smoking relapse in Saudi Arabia...
June 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627634/e-cigarette-specific-symptoms-of-nicotine-dependence-among-texas-adolescents
#12
Kathleen R Case, Dale S Mantey, MeLisa R Creamer, Melissa B Harrell, Steven H Kelder, Cheryl L Perry
INTRODUCTION: The potential of e-cigarettes to elicit symptoms of nicotine dependence has not been adequately studied, particularly in adolescent populations. The present study examined the prevalence of e-cigarette-specific symptoms of nicotine dependence ("symptoms of e-cigarette dependence") and the associations between these symptoms, e-cigarette usage group, and e-cigarette cessation-related items among Texas adolescents. METHODS: This study involved a cross-sectional analysis of adolescents from Wave 4 of the Texas Adolescent Tobacco and Marketing Surveillance System (TATAMS) (n = 2891/N = 461,069)...
March 30, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624135/flavored-e-cigarette-use-and-cigarette-smoking-reduction-and-cessation-a-large-national-study-among-young-adult-smokers
#13
Julia Cen Chen
BACKGROUND: E-cigarette use prevalence has increased drastically among young adult cigarette smokers in recent years. OBJECTIVES: This study seeks to understand which e-cigarette flavors-sweet and fruity or tobacco and menthol/mint-are more likely to be associated with smoking reduction and cessation among young adults. METHODS: Longitudinal data (waves 1 and 2) of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study from young adult (aged 18-34) cigarette smokers (n = 4,645) at wave 1 and current e-cigarette users (n = 844) at wave 2 were used...
April 6, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618494/does-free-or-lower-cost-smoking-cessation-medication-stimulate-quitting-findings-from-the-international-tobacco-control-itc-netherlands-and-uk-surveys
#14
Floor A van den Brand, Gera E Nagelhout, Karin Hummel, Marc C Willemsen, Ann McNeill, Onno C P van Schayck
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether mentioning free or lower cost smoking cessation medication as a trigger for thinking about quitting is related to higher medication use, more quit attempts and quit success, and whether these associations are modified by education and income. METHODS: Data were derived from the 2013 and 2014 surveys of the International Tobacco Control Netherlands (n=1164) and UK (n=768) cohort. Logistic regression analyses were used to assess associations between mentioning in 2013 that free/lower cost smoking cessation medication was a trigger for thinking about quitting smoking and the use of medication, quit attempts and smoking cessation in 2014...
April 4, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618352/government-and-public-health-responses-to-e-cigarettes-in-new-zealand-vapers-perspectives
#15
Trish Fraser, Marewa Glover, Penelope Truman
BACKGROUND: The New Zealand (NZ) government is to lift the ban on the sale of nicotine for use in electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes). METHODS: Using a naturalistic approach, we sought to understand how the current law was experienced by e-cigarette users (vapers). Twenty-nine vapers were interviewed by telephone, between May and September 2016, using a semi-structured interview schedule. Open-ended questions covered: initiating vaping, the experience of stopping smoking, technical problems encountered, reasons for vaping, acceptability of vaping, addiction to vaping and advice given to smokers about vaping...
April 5, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617887/e-cigarettes-comparing-the-possible-risks-of-increasing-smoking-initiation-with-the-potential-benefits-of-increasing-smoking-cessation
#16
Kenneth E Warner, David Mendez
Introduction: The public health community is divided regarding electronic cigarettes. Skeptics emphasize potential vaping-induced increases in smoking among children and possible health hazards for adults. Enthusiasts consider e-cigarettes much less dangerous than smoking and believe they increase adult smoking cessation. We compare potential health benefits and costs to put these two perspectives in context. Methods: Using a dynamic model that tracks the US adult population's smoking status and smoking-related deaths over time, we simulate the effects of vaping-induced smoking initiation and cessation on life-years saved or lost to the year 2070...
March 29, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617633/reducing-racial-ethnic-tobacco-cessation-disparities-via-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-design-of-a-dualsite-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Monica Webb Hooper, David J Lee, Vani N Simmons, Karen O Brandon, Michael H Antoni, Marina Unrod, Taghrid Asfar, John B Correa, Tulay Koru-Sengul, Thomas H Brandon
Racial/ethnic disparities in tobacco cessation are such that U.S. minorities have greater difficulty quitting compared to White non-Hispanics. Group differences in distress (i.e., perceived stress and depressive symptoms) may contribute to cessation disparities. The allostasis model of health suggests that the toll of chronic stress experienced by racial/ethnic minorities may lead to dysregulation of the physiological stress system and drug use. Previous research suggests that group cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for tobacco cessation addresses distress as a modifiable mechanism and has the potential to reduce/eliminate disparities...
April 1, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617618/can-tobacco-cessation-quitlines-improve-the-use-of-dental-health-care
#18
Marcia M Ditmyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615835/the-effect-of-electronic-cigarette-and-tobacco-smoke-exposure-on-copd-bronchial-epithelial-cell-inflammatory-responses
#19
Andrew Higham, Declan Bostock, George Booth, Josiah V Dungwa, Dave Singh
Background: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) are used to help smoking cessation. However, these devices contain harmful chemicals, and there are safety concerns. We have investigated the effects of e-cigs on the inflammatory response and viability of COPD bronchial epithelial cells (BECs). Methods: BECs from COPD patients and controls were exposed to e-cig vapor extract (ECVE) and the levels of interleukin (IL)-6, C-X-C motif ligand 8 (CXCL8), and lactate dehydrogenase release were measured...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614235/the-evidence-base-for-the-maternal-infant-and-early-childhood-home-visiting-program-constructs
#20
Sofia Campos, Julie M Kapp, Eduardo J Simoes
OBJECTIVES: The federal Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) program requires grantees to demonstrate program improvement as a condition of funding. The MIECHV program monitors grantee progress in federally mandated conceptual areas (ie, benchmarks) that are further subcategorized into related sub-areas or constructs (eg, breastfeeding). Each construct has an associated performance measure that helps MIECHV collect data on program implementation and performance...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
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