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Tobacco use cessation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051432/drug-vaping-from-the-dangers-of-misuse-to-new-therapeutic-devices
#1
V Varlet
Users of e-cigarettes are unwitting volunteers participating in a worldwide epidemiological study. Because of the obvious benefits of e-cigarettes compared with traditional cigarette smoking, these electronic devices have been introduced all around the world to support tobacco smoking cessation. Same potential harm reduction could be considered by cannabis vaping for marijuana smokers. However, the toxicities of liquids and aerosols remain under investigation because although the use of e-cigarettes is likely to be less harmful than traditional cigarette smoking, trace levels of contaminants have been identified...
December 16, 2016: Toxics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048181/an-open-label-pilot-study-of-an-intervention-using-mobile-phones-to-deliver-contingency-management-of-tobacco-abstinence-to-high-school-students
#2
Grace Kong, Alissa L Goldberg, Jesse Dallery, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin
This pilot study assessed the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of a smoking cessation intervention that used mobile phones to remotely deliver reinforcements contingent on tobacco abstinence (contingency management [CM]) and weekly in-person cognitive-behavioral therapy to adolescent smokers. Daily adolescent smokers (N = 15; 12 completed study procedures, 3 dropped out) were recruited to participate in a 4-week study. During the first 2 weeks, daily text messages sent at random times prompted participants to transmit a video of themselves providing a carbon monoxide (CO) sample...
October 2017: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039624/factors-associated-with-cessation-of-smoking-among-swiss-adults-between-1991-and-2011-results-from-the-sapaldia-cohort
#3
Diana Ayala-Bernal, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Thierry Rochat, Robert Bettschart, Otto Brändli, Pierre-Olivier Bridevaux, Luc Burdet, Martin Frey, Margaret Gerbase, Marco Pons, Thomas Rothe, Daiana Stolz, Jean-Marie Tschopp, Alexander Turk, Nino Künzli, Christian Schindler
INTRODUCTION: Smoking is still the most preventable cause of disease and premature death in Switzerland, as elsewhere. We aimed to assess the main determinants of smoking cessation in the population-based cohort of SAPALDIA (Swiss Cohort Study on Air Pollution and Lung and Heart Diseases in Adults). METHODS: The SAPALDIA study was initiated in 1991 with 9651 participants aged 18 to 60 years from eight areas (S1). Follow-up assessments were conducted in 2002 (S2; 8047 participants) and 2010/11 (S3; 6088 participants)...
October 17, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037662/effects-of-pharmacological-manipulation-of-the-kappa-opioid-receptors-on-the-aversive-effects-of-nicotine
#4
Melissa Ward, Haval Norman, Manoranjan S D'Souza
Nicotine, an addictive component of tobacco smoke, produces both rewarding and aversive effects. Increasing the aversive effects of nicotine may help in promoting smoking cessation. However, neural targets mediating the aversive effects of nicotine have not been fully identified. In this study, we evaluated the role of kappa opioid receptors (KORs) in the aversive effects of nicotine (0.4 mg/kg, base; s.c.) using the nicotine-induced conditioned taste aversion (CTA) model in Wistar rats. The KORs were activated using the selective KOR agonist (±)U-50,488H (0, 0...
October 14, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035917/decreases-in-smoking-during-treatment-for-methamphetamine-use-disorders-preliminary-evidence
#5
Sterling McPherson, Michael Orr, Crystal Lederhos, Michael McDonell, Emily Leickly, Katherine Hirchak, Oladunni A Oluwoye, Sean M Murphy, Matthew Layton, John M Roll
Despite high rates of smoking (70-90%) and the severely negative impact of smoking on physical and mental health, only 12% of individuals receiving stimulant-use disorder treatment also receive smoking-cessation treatment. The aim of this investigation was to examine the effect of a contingency management (CM) intervention targeting methamphetamine (MA) use on cigarette smoking. Sixty-one adults with MA-use disorders who were smokers were assigned to CM or standard psychosocial treatment. Rates of smoking-negative breath samples (carbon monoxide <3 ppm) were compared between the two groups while controlling for baseline carbon monoxide level, marijuana use, MA use, and time...
October 13, 2017: Behavioural Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032168/ineffectiveness-of-the-tobacco-hazards-prevention-act-in-patients-with-severe-and-persistent-mental-illness
#6
B-C Shu, F-W Lung, S-E Guo, K-C Chen, S-Y Fang, A-L Wang
OBJECTIVES: The effect of the Tobacco Hazards Prevention Act (THPA) on the reduction of tobacco use in the general population in Taiwan is understood. However, there has been little research on how these policies affect people with severe and persistent mental illness (SPMI). Hence, the influence of the THPA on daily cigarette use by patients with SPMI was investigated in a 3-year follow-up. The risk and protective factors in smoking behavior and cessation were investigated. STUDY DESIGN: This is an observational study...
October 12, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025503/e-cigarette-use-and-cigarette-smoking-cessation-among-texas-college-students
#7
Dale S Mantey, Maria R Cooper, Alexandra Loukas, Cheryl L Perry
OBJECTIVES: We examined the relationships between e-cigarette use and subsequent cigarette smoking behaviors at 6- and 12-month follow-ups among young adults. METHODS: Participants were 18-29 year-old current and former cigarette smokers (N = 627) at 24 Texas colleges, participating in a 3-wave study. Multi-level, multivariable logistic regression models, accounting for school clustering, examined the impact of self-reported use of e-cigarettes on cigarette smoking status at 6- and 12-month follow-ups...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024622/smoking-cessation-efforts-by-u-s-adult-smokers-with-medical-comorbidities
#8
Sara Kalkhoran, Gina R Kruse, Yuchiao Chang, Nancy A Rigotti
BACKGROUND: Continued cigarette smoking by individuals with chronic medical diseases can adversely impact their symptoms, disease progression, and mortality. We assessed the association between medical comorbidities and smoking cessation efforts among U.S. adult smokers. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data from 12,494 past-year cigarette smokers age ≥18 years from Wave 1 (2013-2014) of the nationally-representative Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study...
October 9, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023542/massachusetts-medicaid-members-that-smoked-in-2008-characteristics-associated-with-smoking-status-in-2014
#9
Alexis D Henry, John Gettens, Judith A Savageau, Doris Cullen, Anna Landau
The smoking rate among non-elderly Medicaid enrollees is more than double the rate for those privately insured; smoking-related conditions account for 15% of Medicaid expenditures. Under state health reform, Massachusetts Medicaid (MassHealth) made tobacco cessation treatment available beginning in 2006. We used surveys conducted in 2008 and 2014 to examine changes in smoking abstinence rates among MassHealth members identified as smokers and to identify factors associated with being a former smoker. Members previously identified as smokers were surveyed by mail or phone; 2008 and 2014 samples included 3,116 and 2,971 members, respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021949/correlates-of-unsuccessful-smoking-cessation-among-adults-in-bangladesh
#10
Shariful Hakim, Muhammad Abdul Baker Chowdhury, Md Jamal Uddin
Having 21.9 million adult smokers, Bangladesh ranks among the top ten heaviest smoking countries in the world. Correlates of unsuccessful smoking cessation remain unknown. We aimed to identify the correlates of unsuccessful smoking cessation among adults in Bangladesh. We used data from the 2009 Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) for Bangladesh. We compared socio-demographic, belief about health effect of smoking, and environmental characteristics of current smokers who had a recent failed quit attempt during the past 12 months of the survey (unsuccessful quitters) with those former smokers who had quit ≥ 12 months earlier of the survey and had not relapsed (successful quitters)...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992759/a-qualitative-evaluation-of-an-online-expert-facilitated-course-on-tobacco-dependence-treatment
#11
Arezoo Ebn Ahmady, Megan Barker, Rosa Dragonetti, Myra Fahim, Peter Selby
Qualitative evaluations of courses prove difficult due to low response rates. Online courses may permit the analysis of qualitative feedback provided by health care providers (HCPs) during and after the course is completed. This study describes the use of qualitative methods for an online continuing medical education (CME) course through the analysis of HCP feedback for the purpose of quality improvement. We used formative and summative feedback from HCPs about their self-reported experiences of completing an online expert-facilitated course on tobacco dependence treatment (the Training Enhancement in Applied Cessation Counselling and Health [TEACH] Project)...
January 1, 2017: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992579/e-cigarette-use-among-treatment-seeking-smokers-moderation-of-abstinence-by-use-frequency
#12
Emily N Subialka Nowariak, Rebecca K Lien, Raymond G Boyle, Michael S Amato, Laura A Beebe
INTRODUCTION: Emerging literature suggests that frequency of use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) may be an important moderating variable in the relationship between e-cigarette use and smoking cessation. However, few studies have focused specifically on treatment-seekers, a group that may differ in important ways from smokers in the general population. This study looks at the relationship between e-cigarette use frequency and abstinence among a sample of treatment-seeking tobacco users...
September 30, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988941/the-economic-impact-of-a-nurse-practitioner-directed-lung-cancer-screening-incidental-pulmonary-nodule-and-tobacco-cessation-clinic
#13
Christopher R Gilbert, Rob Ely, Joelle T Fathi, Brian E Louie, Candice L Wilshire, Hannah Modin, Ralph W Aye, Alexander S Farivar, Eric Vallières, Jed A Gorden
OBJECTIVE: Lung cancer screening programs have become increasingly prevalent within the United States after the National Lung Screening Trial results. We aimed to review the financial impact after programmatic implementation of Advanced Registered Nurse Practitioner-led programs of Lung Cancer Screening and Tobacco Related Diseases, Incidental Pulmonary Nodule Clinic, and Tobacco Cessation Services. METHODS: We reviewed revenue from 2013 to 2016 by our nurse practitioner-led program...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987337/the-differential-impact-of-state-tobacco-control-policies-on-cessation-treatment-utilization-across-established-tobacco-disparities-groups
#14
Jennifer Dahne, Amy E Wahlquist, Elizabeth Garrett-Mayer, Bryan W Heckman, K Michael Cummings, Matthew J Carpenter
Tobacco control policies are effective in promoting quit attempts and increase the likelihood that smokers use evidence-based cessation treatments (e.g., nicotine replacement therapies (NRT), non-NRT medications, behavioral treatment, and/or quitlines). However, what is less clear is how these policies might differentially impact different groups of smokers, perhaps in some cases even widening disparities in the use of evidence-based tobacco dependence treatments. This paper examined how different state-level tobacco control policies impact the use of evidence-based cessation treatments by race/ethnicity, gender, socio-economic status (SES), age, and smoking history...
October 5, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985714/unhealthy-smokers-scopes-for-prophylactic-intervention-and-clinical-treatment
#15
REVIEW
Shikha Prasad, Mohammad Abul Kaisar, Luca Cucullo
BACKGROUND: Globally, tobacco use causes approximately 6 million deaths per year, and predictions report that with current trends; more than 8 million deaths are expected annually by 2030. Cigarette smokings is currently accountable for more than 480,000 deaths each year in United States (US) and is the leading cause of preventable death in the US. On average, smokers die 10 years earlier than nonsmokers and if smoking continues at its current proportion among adolescents, one in every 13 Americans aged 17 years or younger is expected to die prematurely from a smoking-related illness...
October 4, 2017: BMC Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985322/chemical-evaluation-of-electronic-cigarettes-multicomponent-analysis-of-liquid-refills-and-their-corresponding-aerosols
#16
Nicolas Beauval, Sébastien Antherieu, Mélissa Soyez, Nicolas Gengler, Nathalie Grova, Michael Howsam, Emilie M Hardy, Marc Fischer, Brice M R Appenzeller, Jean-François Goossens, Delphine Allorge, Guillaume Garçon, Jean-Marc Lo-Guidice, Anne Garat
Electronic cigarette use has raised concern worldwide regarding potential health risks and its position in tobacco cessation strategies. As part of any toxicity assessment, the chemical characterization of e-liquids and their related vapors are among fundamental data to be determined. Considering the lack of available reference methods, we developed and validated several analytical procedures in order to conduct a multicomponent analysis of six e-liquid refills and their resultant vapor emissions (generated by a smoking machine), and compared them with tobacco smoke...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984720/prevention-of-bladder-cancer-incidence-and-recurrence-tobacco-use
#17
Francesco Soria, Giancarlo Marra, Otakar Čapoun, Viktor Soukup, Paolo Gontero
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize the current knowledge about smoking carcinogenesis in bladder cancer (BCa), individual susceptibility and impact of smoking on incidence and outcomes of nonmuscle invasive BCa (NMIBC) and muscle-invasive BCa (MIBC). To assess the impact of smoking cessation on oncological outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: Smoking pattern, intensity, and duration are responsible for an increased risk of developing BCa and for worse tumor features at presentation...
October 3, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983062/factors-across-the-life-course-predict-women-s-change-in-smoking-behaviour-during-pregnancy-and-in-midlife-results-from-the-national-child-development-study
#18
Danielle A J M Schoenaker, George B Ploubidis, Alissa Goodman, Gita D Mishra
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking before, during and after pregnancy remains one of the few preventable factors associated with poor health outcomes for mothers and their children. We investigate predictors across the life course for change in smoking behaviour during pregnancy and whether this change predicts smoking status in midlife. METHODS: Data were from the National Child Development Study (1958 British birth cohort). We included female cohort members who reported a first pregnancy up to age 33 years...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981403/emergency-department-initiated-tobacco-control-update-of-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
Christina Lemhoefer, Gwen Lisa Rabe, Jürgen Wellmann, Steven L Bernstein, Ka Wai Cheung, William J McCarthy, Susanne Vahr Lauridsen, Claudia Spies, Bruno Neuner
INTRODUCTION: A 2012 systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials on emergency department-initiated tobacco control (ETC) showed only short-term efficacy. The aim of this study was to update data through May 2015. METHODS: After registering the study protocol on the international prospective register of systematic reviews (PROSPERO) in May 2015, we searched 7 databases and the gray literature. Our outcome of interest was the point prevalence of tobacco-use abstinence at 1-month, 3-month, 6-month, or 12-month follow-up...
October 5, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970328/potential-deaths-averted-in-usa-by-replacing-cigarettes-with-e-cigarettes
#20
David T Levy, Ron Borland, Eric N Lindblom, Maciej L Goniewicz, Rafael Meza, Theodore R Holford, Zhe Yuan, Yuying Luo, Richard J O'Connor, Raymond Niaura, David B Abrams
INTRODUCTION: US tobacco control policies to reduce cigarette use have been effective, but their impact has been relatively slow. This study considers a strategy of switching cigarette smokers to e-cigarette use ('vaping') in the USA to accelerate tobacco control progress. METHODS: A Status Quo Scenario, developed to project smoking rates and health outcomes in the absence of vaping, is compared with Substitution models, whereby cigarette use is largely replaced by vaping over a 10-year period...
October 2, 2017: Tobacco Control
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