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Sara Benham, Lisa Goffman, Richard Schweickert
Purpose: Network science has been a valuable tool in language research for investigating relationships between complex linguistic elements but has not yet been applied to sound sequencing in production. In the present work, we used standard error-based accuracy and articulatory kinematic approaches as well as novel measures from network science to evaluate variability and sequencing errors in speech production in children with developmental language disorder (DLD; aka specific language impairment)...
August 28, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Jean-Ju Sheen, Jason D Wright, Dena Goffman, Adina R Kern-Goldberger, Whitney Booker, Zainab Siddiq, Mary E D'Alton, Alexander M Friedman
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to characterize the risk for severe maternal morbidity and other pregnancy complications by maternal age during delivery hospitalizations. METHODS: This retrospective cohort analysis used the Perspective database to characterize the risk for adverse maternal outcomes from 2006 to 2015 based on maternal age. Women were divided into seven categories based on maternal age: 15-17 years of age, 18-24, 25-29, 30-34, 35-39, 40-44 and 45-54...
August 25, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Marta Spranzi
The prevention of abuse is a crucial issue in medical ethics. At the very least, the hospital setting should respect basic human rights, including dignity and life. In this respect, the normative reference to the concept of humanity plays a crucial role. However, the public as well as health-care professionals need to be aware of a more subtle and invisible form of abuse, "ordinary abuse." It can be defined as the undue suspension of the implicit rules of ordinary interactions, whose importance has been stressed by Erving Goffman and Harold Garfinkel...
2018: Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
Timothy Wen, Victoria X Yu, Jason D Wright, Dena Goffman, Frank Attenello, William J Mack, Mary D'Alton, Alexander M Friedman
OBJECTIVE: How hospital length of stay after delivery for women with preeclampsia is associated with risk for readmission is unknown. The objective of this study was to evaluate risk for 60-day hypertension-related postpartum readmission based on length of stay after delivery. METHODS: The 2014 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project's (HCUP) Nationwide Readmissions Database was used to analyze risk for readmission for a hypertension-related diagnosis within 60 days from cesarean delivery hospitalization for women with preeclampsia who underwent cesarean delivery...
August 19, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Eyal Bigal, Danny Morick, Aviad P Scheinin, Harold Salant, Asaf Berkowitz, Roni King, Yaniv Levy, Mar Melero, José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno, Oz Goffman, Nir Hadar, Mia Roditi-Elasar, Dan Tchernov
Toxoplasma gondii has been described in several marine mammals around the world including numerous species of cetaceans, yet infection and transmission mechanisms in the marine environment are not clearly defined. The Israel Marine Mammal Research and Assistance Center has been collating a database of all marine mammal stranding events along the country's national coastlines since 1993. In this study, we describe the molecular detection and characterisation of T. gondii in three common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) including one case of coinfection with herpesvirus...
July 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
Timothy Wen, Jason D Wright, Dena Goffman, Mary E D'Alton, William J Mack, Frank J Attenello, Alexander M Friedman
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on when postpartum readmissions for thromboembolism occur after delivery hospitalizations on a population basis in the United States. OBJECTIVE: We sought to characterize risk factors for and timing of postpartum venous thromboembolism readmission after delivery hospitalization discharge. STUDY DESIGN: The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Readmissions Database for calendar years 2013 and 2014 was used to perform a retrospective cohort study evaluating risk for readmission for venous thromboembolism within 60 days of discharge from a delivery hospitalization...
October 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Ian Rivers, Cesar Gonzalez, Nuno Nodin, Elizabeth Peel, Allan Tyler
Evidence suggests that lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT) people are more likely to attempt to take their own lives in their youth when compared to heterosexual and/or cisgender people. This study draws on in-depth interviews with 17 LGBT individuals living in England, and explores the narratives used by participants to better understand their perceptions of risk and protective circumstances to explain suicide attempts in youth. Using a Goffman-informed thematic analysis, results identified three key themes that were linked to attempts to end life in youth...
September 2018: Social Science & Medicine
James Rupert Fletcher
The dyad is increasingly recognised as a key site of experiences of dementia, yet theoretical accounts of the dyad remain poor; 21st-century political developments regarding dementia have changed the ways in which the dyad is perceived, from the carer as victim to the person with dementia as victim. Across both approaches, a problematic dichotomy of two individuals remains. The concept of 'joint career', developed from Goffman's 'moral career', offers an alternative approach to shared dyadic experiences of dementia...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
Cynthia Gyamfi-Bannerman, Sindhu K Srinivas, Jason D Wright, Dena Goffman, Zainab Siddiq, Mary E D'Alton, Alexander M Friedman
BACKGROUND: How race is associated with adverse outcomes in the setting of postpartum hemorrhage is not well characterized. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess how race is associated with adverse maternal outcomes in the setting of postpartum hemorrhage. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study utilized the National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample (NIS) from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality for the years 2012-2014...
August 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Sebastian Deterding
The social meanings of play sit at odds with norms of responsible and productive adult conduct. To be "caught" playing as an adult therefore risks embarrassment. Still, many designers want to create enjoyable, nonembarrassing play experiences for adults. To address this need, this article reads instances of spontaneous adult play through the lens of Erving Goffman's theory of the interaction order to unpack conditions and strategies for nonembarrassing adult play. It identifies established frames, segregated audiences, scripts supporting smooth performance, managing audience awareness, role distancing, and, particularly, alibis for play: Adults routinely provide alternative, adult-appropriate motives to account for their play, such as child care, professional duties, creative expression, or health...
May 2018: Games and Culture
Asam Latif, Justin Waring, Deborah Watmough, Matthew J Boyd, Rachel A Elliott
Reconfiguration of the healthcare division of labour is becoming increasingly attractive in the context of increased patient demand and resource constraints. One example is the introduction of extended roles for pharmacists to provide patients additional support to manage their medicines, while also reducing work pressures experienced by other health professionals. Understanding how such policies are framed by those delivering and receiving care has been under-theorised. Using Goffman's frame theory, we examine one newly introduced community pharmacy service (New Medicines Service (NMS)) to illustrate how a policy intended to support patient medicine-taking through the extended roles of pharmacists is framed and where this deviates from its proposed aims...
July 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
Amanda Seidl, Françoise Brosseau-Lapré, Lisa Goffman
This project explored whether disruption of articulation during listening impacts subsequent speech production in 4-yr-olds with and without speech sound disorder (SSD). During novel word learning, typically-developing children showed effects of articulatory disruption as revealed by larger differences between two acoustic cues to a sound contrast, but children with SSD were unaffected by articulatory disruption. Findings suggest that, when typically developing 4-yr-olds experience an articulatory disruption during a listening task, the children's subsequent production is affected...
February 2018: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Meredith Saletta, Lisa Goffman, Caitlin Ward, Jacob Oleson
Purpose: Children with specific language impairment (SLI) show particular deficits in the generation of sequenced action: the quintessential procedural task. Practiced imitation of a sequence may become rote and require reduced procedural memory. This study explored whether speech motor deficits in children with SLI occur generally or only in conditions of high linguistic load, whether speech motor deficits diminish with practice, and whether it is beneficial to incorporate conditions of high load to understand speech production...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Sine Kirkegaard, Ditte Andersen
The concept of co-production suggests a collaborative production of public welfare services, across boundaries of participant categories, for example professionals, service users, peer-workers and volunteers. While co-production has been embraced in most European countries, the way in which it is translated into everyday practice remains understudied. Drawing on ethnographic data from Danish community mental health services, we attempt to fill this gap by critically investigating how participants interact in an organisational set-up with blurred boundaries between participant categories...
June 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
Whitney A Booker, Cande V Ananth, Jason D Wright, Zainab Siddiq, Mary E D'Alton, Kirstin L Cleary, Dena Goffman, Alexander M Friedman
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to characterize morbidity, acuity, and maternal risks associated with preeclampsia across hospitals with varying obstetric volumes. METHODS: This retrospective cohort analysis used a large administrative data source, the Perspective database, to characterize the risk for preeclampsia from 2006 to 2015. Hospitals were classified as having either low (≤1000), moderate (1001-2000), or high (≥2000) delivery volume. The primary outcomes included preeclampsia, antihypertensive administration, comorbidity, and related severe maternal morbidity...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Verónica Maria Pimentel, Mengyang Sun, Peter S Bernstein, Myriam Ferzli, Mimi Kim, Dena Goffman
Introduction The impact of whiteboard use in labor rooms has not previously been studied. This quality improvement study aimed to evaluate patient knowledge of their delivering physician's name and the change in patient satisfaction after the implementation of a whiteboard in labor rooms. Methods A multidisciplinary team designed a dry-erase whiteboard prompting care providers to record their names, roles and patient care information. A questionnaire was administered to patients before and after the whiteboard implementation...
April 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Helle Feddersen, Tine Mechlenborg Kristiansen, Pernille Tanggaard Andersen, Kim Hørslev-Petersen, Jette Primdahl
PURPOSE: To explore how women with rheumatoid arthritis manage their illness, motherhood, and work life. METHODS: A constructivist, grounded theory approach based on individual interviews and participant observations with 20 women with rheumatoid arthritis who participated in work life and had children living at home or were pregnant. After initial and focused coding Goffman's concepts of social identity were applied. RESULTS: A core category: "Juggling meaningful identities" and three conceptual categories were developed: (1) Work life as the strongest identity marker; (2) Motherhood: a two-sided act; (3) Living with rheumatoid arthritis as an identity? Paid work, motherhood, and illness are linked to the women's social identities...
February 1, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Fay Bradley, Darren M Ashcroft, Nick Crossley
Despite a mutual interest in optimising the benefits of medication for patients, the general practitioner (GP) and community pharmacist (CP) often work in isolation from one another, both physically and figuratively. Sources of tension include pharmacy's 'shopkeeper' image, traditional medical hierarchies and potential encroachment on professional boundaries. This article examines GP and CP perceptions of their interactions and negotiations and, drawing on the works of Stein and Goffman, identifies a set of 'unwritten' rules, termed the 'GP-pharmacist game', which involves the concept of 'face-work'...
March 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
Carol S Camlin, Edwin D Charlebois, Elvin Geng, Fred Semitala, Jeanna Wallenta, Monica Getahun, Leatitia Kampiire, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Norton Sang, Dalsone Kwarisiima, Tamara D Clark, Maya L Petersen, Moses R Kamya, Diane V Havlir
INTRODUCTION: The concept of "therapeutic citizenship" has drawn attention to ways in which public testimony, the "story-telling in the public sphere" undertaken by people living with HIV (PLHIV), has shaped the global response to the epidemic. This paper presents qualitative findings from two large studies in eastern Africa that reveal how the advent of population-based HIV testing campaigns and efforts to accelerate antiretroviral "treatment for all" has precipitated a rapidly expanding therapeutic citizenship "project," or social movement...
December 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
Jean-Ju Sheen, Colleen Lee, Dena Goffman
Over the last 2 decades, the maternal mortality ratio in the United States has doubled from 7.4/100,000 live births in 1986 to 14.5/100,000 today. Despite great advances in health care, increasing rates of maternal morbidity and mortality in the United States have prompted calls to action to reverse this disturbing trend. Assisted reproductive technology has allowed women to delay childbearing to more advanced ages, resulting in a greater number of pregnancies complicated by one or more of the diseases associated with aging, such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, type 2 diabetes, and hypertension...
February 2018: Seminars in Perinatology
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