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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30105982/detection-of-toxoplasma-gondii-in-three-common-bottlenose-dolphins-tursiops-truncatus-a-first-description-from-the-eastern-mediterranean-sea
#1
Eyal Bigal, Danny Morick, Aviad P Scheinin, Harold Salant, Asaf Berkowitz, Roni King, Yaniv Levy, Mar Melero, José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno, Oz Goffman, Nir Hadar, Mia Roditi-Elasar, Dan Tchernov
Toxoplasma gondii has been described in several marine mammals around the world including numerous species of cetaceans, yet infection and transmission mechanisms in the marine environment are not clearly defined. The Israel Marine Mammal Research and Assistance Center has been collating a database of all marine mammal stranding events along the country's national coastlines since 1993. In this study, we describe the molecular detection and characterisation of T. gondii in three common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) including one case of coinfection with herpesvirus...
July 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30017675/postpartum-venous-thromboembolism-readmissions-in-the-united-states
#2
Timothy Wen, Jason D Wright, Dena Goffman, Mary E D'Alton, William J Mack, Frank J Attenello, Alexander M Friedman
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on when postpartum readmissions for thromboembolism occur after delivery hospitalizations on a population basis in the United States. OBJECTIVE: We sought to characterize risk factors for and timing of postpartum venous thromboembolism readmission after delivery hospitalization discharge. STUDY DESIGN: The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Nationwide Readmissions Database for calendar years 2013 and 2014 was used to perform a retrospective cohort study evaluating risk for readmission for venous thromboembolism within 60 days of discharge from a delivery hospitalization...
July 11, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29981953/lgbt-people-and-suicidality-in-youth-a-qualitative-study-of-perceptions-of-risk-and-protective-circumstances
#3
Ian Rivers, Cesar Gonzalez, Nuno Nodin, Elizabeth Peel, Allan Tyler
Evidence suggests that lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT) people are more likely to attempt to take their own lives in their youth when compared to heterosexual and/or cisgender people. This study draws on in-depth interviews with 17 LGBT individuals living in England, and explores the narratives used by participants to better understand their perceptions of risk and protective circumstances to explain suicide attempts in youth. Using a Goffman-informed thematic analysis, results identified three key themes that were linked to attempts to end life in youth...
September 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29966426/renegotiating-relationships-theorising-shared-experiences-of-dementia-within-the-dyadic-career
#4
James Rupert Fletcher
The dyad is increasingly recognised as a key site of experiences of dementia, yet theoretical accounts of the dyad remain poor; 21st-century political developments regarding dementia have changed the ways in which the dyad is perceived, from the carer as victim to the person with dementia as victim. Across both approaches, a problematic dichotomy of two individuals remains. The concept of 'joint career', developed from Goffman's 'moral career', offers an alternative approach to shared dyadic experiences of dementia...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752934/postpartum-hemorrhage-outcomes-and-race
#5
Cynthia Gyamfi-Bannerman, Sindhu K Srinivas, Jason D Wright, Dena Goffman, Zainab Siddiq, Mary E D'Alton, Alexander M Friedman
BACKGROUND: How race is associated with adverse outcomes in the setting of postpartum hemorrhage is not well characterized. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess how race is associated with adverse maternal outcomes in the setting of postpartum hemorrhage. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study utilized the National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample (NIS) from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality for the years 2012-2014...
August 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706842/alibis-for-adult-play-a-goffmanian-account-of-escaping-embarrassment-in-adult-play
#6
Sebastian Deterding
The social meanings of play sit at odds with norms of responsible and productive adult conduct. To be "caught" playing as an adult therefore risks embarrassment. Still, many designers want to create enjoyable, nonembarrassing play experiences for adults. To address this need, this article reads instances of spontaneous adult play through the lens of Erving Goffman's theory of the interaction order to unpack conditions and strategies for nonembarrassing adult play. It identifies established frames, segregated audiences, scripts supporting smooth performance, managing audience awareness, role distancing, and, particularly, alibis for play: Adults routinely provide alternative, adult-appropriate motives to account for their play, such as child care, professional duties, creative expression, or health...
May 2018: Games and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671885/-i-expected-just-to-walk-in-get-my-tablets-and-then-walk-out-on-framing-new-community-pharmacy-services-in-the-english-healthcare-system
#7
Asam Latif, Justin Waring, Deborah Watmough, Matthew J Boyd, Rachel A Elliott
Reconfiguration of the healthcare division of labour is becoming increasingly attractive in the context of increased patient demand and resource constraints. One example is the introduction of extended roles for pharmacists to provide patients additional support to manage their medicines, while also reducing work pressures experienced by other health professionals. Understanding how such policies are framed by those delivering and receiving care has been under-theorised. Using Goffman's frame theory, we examine one newly introduced community pharmacy service (New Medicines Service (NMS)) to illustrate how a policy intended to support patient medicine-taking through the extended roles of pharmacists is framed and where this deviates from its proposed aims...
July 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495738/the-impact-of-brief-restriction-to-articulation-on-children-s-subsequent-speech-production
#8
Amanda Seidl, Françoise Brosseau-Lapré, Lisa Goffman
This project explored whether disruption of articulation during listening impacts subsequent speech production in 4-yr-olds with and without speech sound disorder (SSD). During novel word learning, typically-developing children showed effects of articulatory disruption as revealed by larger differences between two acoustic cues to a sound contrast, but children with SSD were unaffected by articulatory disruption. Findings suggest that, when typically developing 4-yr-olds experience an articulatory disruption during a listening task, the children's subsequent production is affected...
February 2018: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484363/influence-of-language-load-on-speech-motor-skill-in-children-with-specific-language-impairment
#9
Meredith Saletta, Lisa Goffman, Caitlin Ward, Jacob Oleson
Purpose: Children with specific language impairment (SLI) show particular deficits in the generation of sequenced action: the quintessential procedural task. Practiced imitation of a sequence may become rote and require reduced procedural memory. This study explored whether speech motor deficits in children with SLI occur generally or only in conditions of high linguistic load, whether speech motor deficits diminish with practice, and whether it is beneficial to incorporate conditions of high load to understand speech production...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479721/co-production-in-community-mental-health-services-blurred-boundaries-or-a-game-of-pretend
#10
Sine Kirkegaard, Ditte Andersen
The concept of co-production suggests a collaborative production of public welfare services, across boundaries of participant categories, for example professionals, service users, peer-workers and volunteers. While co-production has been embraced in most European countries, the way in which it is translated into everyday practice remains understudied. Drawing on ethnographic data from Danish community mental health services, we attempt to fill this gap by critically investigating how participants interact in an organisational set-up with blurred boundaries between participant categories...
June 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478359/trends-in-comorbidity-acuity-and-maternal-risk-associated-with-preeclampsia-across-obstetric-volume-settings
#11
Whitney A Booker, Cande V Ananth, Jason D Wright, Zainab Siddiq, Mary E D'Alton, Kirstin L Cleary, Dena Goffman, Alexander M Friedman
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to characterize morbidity, acuity, and maternal risks associated with preeclampsia across hospitals with varying obstetric volumes. METHODS: This retrospective cohort analysis used a large administrative data source, the Perspective database, to characterize the risk for preeclampsia from 2006 to 2015. Hospitals were classified as having either low (≤1000), moderate (1001-2000), or high (≥2000) delivery volume. The primary outcomes included preeclampsia, antihypertensive administration, comorbidity, and related severe maternal morbidity...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397495/whiteboard-use-in-labor-and-delivery-a-tool-to-improve-patient-knowledge-of-the-name-of-the-delivery-provider-and-satisfaction-with-care
#12
Verónica Maria Pimentel, Mengyang Sun, Peter S Bernstein, Myriam Ferzli, Mimi Kim, Dena Goffman
Introduction The impact of whiteboard use in labor rooms has not previously been studied. This quality improvement study aimed to evaluate patient knowledge of their delivering physician's name and the change in patient satisfaction after the implementation of a whiteboard in labor rooms. Methods A multidisciplinary team designed a dry-erase whiteboard prompting care providers to record their names, roles and patient care information. A questionnaire was administered to patients before and after the whiteboard implementation...
April 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390903/juggling-identities-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-motherhood-and-paid-work-a-grounded-theory-study
#13
Helle Feddersen, Tine Mechlenborg Kristiansen, Pernille Tanggaard Andersen, Kim Hørslev-Petersen, Jette Primdahl
PURPOSE: To explore how women with rheumatoid arthritis manage their illness, motherhood, and work life. METHODS: A constructivist, grounded theory approach based on individual interviews and participant observations with 20 women with rheumatoid arthritis who participated in work life and had children living at home or were pregnant. After initial and focused coding Goffman's concepts of social identity were applied. RESULTS: A core category: "Juggling meaningful identities" and three conceptual categories were developed: (1) Work life as the strongest identity marker; (2) Motherhood: a two-sided act; (3) Living with rheumatoid arthritis as an identity? Paid work, motherhood, and illness are linked to the women's social identities...
February 1, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327351/negotiating-inter-professional-interaction-playing-the-general-practitioner-pharmacist-game
#14
Fay Bradley, Darren M Ashcroft, Nick Crossley
Despite a mutual interest in optimising the benefits of medication for patients, the general practitioner (GP) and community pharmacist (CP) often work in isolation from one another, both physically and figuratively. Sources of tension include pharmacy's 'shopkeeper' image, traditional medical hierarchies and potential encroachment on professional boundaries. This article examines GP and CP perceptions of their interactions and negotiations and, drawing on the works of Stein and Goffman, identifies a set of 'unwritten' rules, termed the 'GP-pharmacist game', which involves the concept of 'face-work'...
March 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210185/redemption-of-the-spoiled-identity-the-role-of-hiv-positive-individuals-in-hiv-care-cascade-interventions
#15
Carol S Camlin, Edwin D Charlebois, Elvin Geng, Fred Semitala, Jeanna Wallenta, Monica Getahun, Leatitia Kampiire, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Norton Sang, Dalsone Kwarisiima, Tamara D Clark, Maya L Petersen, Moses R Kamya, Diane V Havlir
INTRODUCTION: The concept of "therapeutic citizenship" has drawn attention to ways in which public testimony, the "story-telling in the public sphere" undertaken by people living with HIV (PLHIV), has shaped the global response to the epidemic. This paper presents qualitative findings from two large studies in eastern Africa that reveal how the advent of population-based HIV testing campaigns and efforts to accelerate antiretroviral "treatment for all" has precipitated a rapidly expanding therapeutic citizenship "project," or social movement...
December 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179955/the-utility-of-bedside-simulation-for-training-in-critical-care-obstetrics
#16
REVIEW
Jean-Ju Sheen, Colleen Lee, Dena Goffman
Over the last 2 decades, the maternal mortality ratio in the United States has doubled from 7.4/100,000 live births in 1986 to 14.5/100,000 today. Despite great advances in health care, increasing rates of maternal morbidity and mortality in the United States have prompted calls to action to reverse this disturbing trend. Assisted reproductive technology has allowed women to delay childbearing to more advanced ages, resulting in a greater number of pregnancies complicated by one or more of the diseases associated with aging, such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, type 2 diabetes, and hypertension...
February 2018: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046594/framing-in-criminal-investigation-how-police-officers-re-construct-a-crime
#17
Renze Salet
Failures in criminal investigation may lead to wrongful convictions. Insight in the criminal investigation process is needed to understand how these investigative failures may rise and how measures can contribute to the prevention of this kind of failures. Some of the main findings of an empirical study of the criminal investigation process in four cases of major investigations are presented here. This criminal investigation process is analyzed as a process of framing, using Goffman's framing (Goffman, 1975) and interaction theories (Goffman, 1990)...
June 2017: Police Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944628/-understanding-the-use-of-mechanical-restraints-in-psychiatry-phenomenological-study-of-nurses%C3%A2-lived-experience
#18
Pascale Corneau, Jean Daniel Jacob, Dave Holmes, Desire Rioux
The use of mechanical restraints in psychiatric settings is currently the subject of ethical controversy. However, both patients' and nurses' voices are absent in the debate over this controversial intervention. The objective of this qualitative study was to examine the experience of psychiatric nurses using mechanical restraints. Twentyone nurses working on either the acute psychiatric inpatient unit and/or the emergency psychiatric unit of a university affiliated Canadian hospital participated in semi-structured interviews, which were then transcribed, coded and analyzed using the interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) method...
March 2017: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691973/a-swift-method-for-handing-off-obstetrical-patients-on-the-labor-floor
#19
Jean-Ju Sheen, Laura Reimers, Shravya Govindappagari, Ivan M Ngai, Diana Garretto, Roopali Donepudi, Pamela Tropper, Dena Goffman, Ashlesha K Dayal, Peter S Bernstein
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to improve patient handoffs on the labor floor. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of obstetrics residents at Montefiore Medical Center was performed between 2012 and 2014. Labor-floor handoffs were recorded before and after didactic sessions as well as after installation of whiteboards formatted with the mnemonic SWIFT (Subject, Why?, Issues, Fetus, Tasks). Handoff transcripts were evaluated by obstetricians blinded to timing and speaker identity...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682712/-this-is-how-we-work-here-informal-logic-and-social-order-in-primary-health-care-services-in-mexico-city
#20
Nayelhi Itandehui Saavedra, Shoshana Berenzon, Jorge Galván
People who work in health care facilities participate in a shared set of tacit agreements, attitudes, habits, and behaviors that contribute to the functioning of those institutions, but that can also cause conflict. This phenomenon has been addressed tangentially in the study of bureaucratic practices in governmental agencies, but it has not been carefully explored in the specific context of public health care centers. To this end, we analyzed a series of encounters among staff and patients, as well as the situations surrounding the services offered, in public primary care health centers in Mexico City, based on Erving Goffman's concepts of social order, encounter, and situation, and on the concepts of formal and informal logic...
July 2017: Qualitative Health Research
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