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Universal vital assessment score

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30104894/safety-and-efficacy-of-duloxetine-in-japanese-patients-with-chronic-knee-pain-due-to-osteoarthritis-an-open-label-long-term-phase-iii-extension-study
#1
Yuji Uchio, Hiroyuki Enomoto, Mitsuhiro Ishida, Toshinaga Tsuji, Toshimitsu Ochiai, Shinichi Konno
Purpose: To assess long-term safety, tolerability, and efficacy of duloxetine in Japanese patients with chronic knee pain due to osteoarthritis. Methods: In this open-label extension study (NCT02335346), Japanese patients with knee osteoarthritis and pain (Brief Pain Inventory [BPI] - Severity average pain score ≥4 at start of randomized trial) who had previously received duloxetine 60 mg/day or placebo for 14 weeks in a double-blind randomized trial entered the extension and received duloxetine 60 mg/day for 48 weeks...
2018: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30053727/quality-assessment-of-cancer-cachexia-clinical-practice-guidelines
#2
REVIEW
Wang-Qin Shen, Liang Yao, Xiao-Qin Wang, Yan Hu, Zhao-Xiang Bian
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the quality of clinical practice guidelines of cancer cachexia and identify gaps limiting knowledge. METHODS: A systematic search of relevant guideline websites and literature databases (including PubMed, NCCN, NGC, SIGN, NICE, and google) was undertaken from inception to March 2017 to identify and select clinical guidelines related to cancer cachexia. Four independent reviewers assessed the eligible guidelines using the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE II) instrument...
July 18, 2018: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034227/frailty-and-nutritional-status-in-older-people-the-mini-nutritional-assessment-as-a-screening-tool-for-the-identification-of-frail-subjects
#3
Alessia Valentini, Massimo Federici, Maria Assunta Cianfarani, Umberto Tarantino, Aldo Bertoli
Introduction: Frailty is a condition characterized by reduced resistance to low-level stress events, resulting from the progressive decline of multiple physiological systems observed with aging. Many factors can contribute to the pathogenesis of frailty, and nutritional status appears to play a key role. The objective of the study was to investigate the relationship between nutritional status, evaluated using Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), and frailty among older people. Patients and methods: An observational study was carried out at the University Hospital "Tor Vergata" in Rome among patients aged 65 years or older, with or without hip fracture...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29982220/influence-of-health-literacy-on-acceptance-of-influenza-and-pertussis-vaccinations-a-cross-sectional-study-among-spanish-pregnant-women
#4
Enrique Castro-Sánchez, Rafael Vila-Candel, Francisco J Soriano-Vidal, Esther Navarro-Illana, Javier Díez-Domingo
OBJECTIVES: Immunisations against influenza and Bordetella pertussis infection are recommended to pregnant women in Valencia (Spain), yet vaccination rates remain low. Health literacy (HL) appears as a crucial factor in vaccination decision-making. We explored the relation between HL of pregnant women and decisions to receive influenza and pertussis immunisations. SETTING: University hospital in Valencia (Spain). PARTICIPANTS: 119 women who gave birth at a hospital in Valencia (Spain) between November 2015 and May 2016...
July 6, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29950884/stroke-in-hospital-survival-and-its-predictors-the-first-results-from-tabriz-stroke-registry-of-iran
#5
Reza Deljavan, Mehdi Farhoudi, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the in-hospital survival of patients referred to the 2 stroke centers in North-West of Iran during a full seasonal year from April 2015. Methods: All the consecutive patients with stroke admitted to the 2 main stroke centers at Tabriz (Imam Reza University Hospital and Razi University Hospital) were recruited in this study. Stroke patients from both ischemic and hemorrhagic subtypes were selected based on the registry data and International Classification of Diseases, 10th edition...
2018: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29947578/health-literacy-deficits-found-among-educated-insured-university-employees
#6
Joyce I Karl, Jodi C McDaniel
Evidence has consistently shown that low/limited health literacy (HL) is associated with negative health consequences and higher costs for individuals and society. To generate internal data for employee training and health/wellness programming, an HL assessment of 120 university employees was conducted using the Newest Vital Sign (NVS), a valid and reliable clinical screening tool that asks individuals to interpret a nutrition label. Sociodemographic data were collected and time to administer the NVS tool was also measured...
June 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870923/surgical-ward-nurses-responses-to-worry-an-observational-descriptive-study
#7
Gooske Douw, Getty Huisman-de Waal, Arthur R H van Zanten, Johannes G van der Hoeven, Lisette Schoonhoven
BACKGROUND: Rapid response systems aim to improve early recognition and treatment of deteriorating general ward patients. Sole reliance on deviating vital signs to escalate care in rapid response systems disregards nurses' judgments about a patient's condition based on worry and other indicators of deterioration. To make worry explicit, the Dutch-Early-Nurse-Worry-Indicator-Score was developed, summarising non-quantifiable signs of deterioration in the nine indicators: breathing, circulation, temperature, mentation, agitation, pain, unexpected trajectory, patient indicates not feeling well and nurses' subjective observations...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862029/psychometric-properties-of-the-st-george-s-respiratory-questionnaire-in-patients-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-insights-from-the-inpulsis-trials
#8
Jeffrey J Swigris, Hilary Wilson, Dirk Esser, Craig S Conoscenti, Wibke Stansen, Nancy Kline Leidy, Kevin K Brown
Introduction: We evaluated the psychometric properties of the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) using data from the two INPULSIS trials. Methods: Data from 1061 patients treated with nintedanib or placebo were pooled. Internal consistency, test-retest reliability, construct validity, known-groups validity, responsiveness and responder thresholds were examined. Results: Cronbach's α was 0...
2018: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764875/efficacy-and-safety-of-ghx02-in-the-treatment-of-acute-bronchitis-protocol-of-a-phase-ii-double-blind-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#9
Yee Ran Lyu, Won-Kyung Yang, So Jung Park, Seung-Hyeong Kim, Wee-Chang Kang, In Chul Jung, Yang Chun Park
INTRODUCTION: Acute bronchitis is a self-limiting infection of the large airways; cough is the primary symptom, usually lasting for about 3 weeks. Annually, approximately 5% of adults develop acute bronchitis, and its economic burden is substantial. There are also problems of antibiotic abuse in public health systems and symptomatic therapies are commonly prescribed, for which there is insufficient supporting evidence. GHX02 contains four herbs originating from gwaruhaengryeon-hwan, which has been used in the treatment of patients with acute bronchitis in Korea...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764551/-predictive-values-of-different-critical-scoring-systems-for-survival-rate-after-discharge-in-critically-ill-patients-supported-by-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#10
Jinsong Zhang, Wei Li, Xufeng Chen, Yong Mei, Jinru Lyu, Deliang Hu, Gang Zhang, Yongxia Gao, Xihua Huang
OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictive values of different critical scoring systems for survival rate after discharge in critically ill patients supported by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). METHODS: The clinical data of 34 critically ill patients supported by ECMO admitted to Department of Emergency of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University (Jiangsu Provincial People's Hospital) from July 2015 to September 2017 were retrospectively analyzed...
May 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703206/equity-in-patient-experiences-of-primary-care-in-community-health-centers-using-primary-care-assessment-tool-a-comparison-of-rural-to-urban-migrants-and-urban-locals-in-guangdong-china
#11
Chenwen Zhong, Li Kuang, Lina Li, Yuan Liang, Jie Mei, Li Li
BACKGROUND: The equity of rural-to-urban migrants' health care utilization is already on China's agenda. The Chinese government has been embarking on efforts to improve the financial and geographical accessibility of health care for migrants by strengthening primary care services and providing universal coverage. Patient experiences are equally vital to migrants' health care utilization. To our knowledge, no studies have focused on equity in the patient experiences between migrants and locals...
April 27, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689689/motivational-profiles-and-their-relationships-with-basic-psychological-needs-academic-performance-study-strategies-self-esteem-and-vitality-in-dental-students-in-chile
#12
Cesar A Orsini, Vivian I Binnie, Jorge A Tricio
PURPOSE: To determine dental students' motivational profiles through a person-centred approach and to analyse the associations with the satisfaction of their basic psychological needs, study strategies, academic performance, self-esteem, and vitality. METHODS: A total of 924 students from the University of San Sebastian (Chile) participated in this cross-sectional cor¬relational study in spring 2016. Data were collected through 5 self-reported instruments, in addition to students' academic performance...
2018: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677568/validation-of-the-cps-eg-and-neo-bioscore-staging-systems-after-preoperative-systemic-therapy-for-breast-cancer-in-a-single-center-in-china
#13
Ling Xu, Xuening Duan, Bin Zhou, Yinhua Liu, Jingming Ye, Zhaorui Liu, Chao Ma, Hong Zhang, Shuang Zhang, Lanbo Zhang, Jianxin Zhao, Yuanjia Cheng
BACKGROUND: Prognostic assessment after preoperative systemic therapy (PST) plays a vital role in determining treatment in breast cancer patients. Many researchers have sought to develop a system to quantitate residual tumor and its correlation with prognosis after PST. This retrospective study validated the CPS + EG staging system and Neo-Bioscore in a single center in China. METHODS: Data from patients with non-metastatic primary breast cancer who were treated with PST and surgery from Jan...
August 2018: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606668/rituximab-in-the-treatment-of-interstitial-lung-disease-associated-with-antisynthetase-syndrome-a-multicenter-retrospective-case-review
#14
Tracy J Doyle, Namrata Dhillon, Rachna Madan, Fernanda Cabral, Elaine A Fletcher, Diane C Koontz, Rohit Aggarwal, Juan C Osorio, Ivan O Rosas, Chester V Oddis, Paul F Dellaripa
OBJECTIVE: To assess clinical outcomes including imaging findings on computed tomography (CT), pulmonary function testing (PFT), and glucocorticoid (GC) use in patients with the antisynthetase syndrome (AS) and interstitial lung disease (ILD) treated with rituximab (RTX). METHODS: We retrospectively identified all patients at 2 institutions with AS-ILD who were treated with RTX. Baseline demographics, PFT, and chest CT were assessed before and after RTX. Two radiologists independently evaluated CT using a standardized scoring system...
June 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580444/medical-simulation-as-a-vital-adjunct-to-identifying-clinical-life-threatening-gaps-in-austere-environments
#15
Adaora M Chima, Rahul Koka, Benjamin Lee, Tina Tran, Onyebuchi U Ogbuagu, Howard Nelson-Williams, Michael Rosen, Michael Koroma, John B Sampson
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality and morbidity are major causes of death in low-resource countries, especially those in Sub-Saharan Africa. Healthcare workforce scarcities present in these locations result in poor perioperative care access and quality. These scarcities also limit the capacity for progressive development and enhancement of workforce training, and skills through continuing medical education. Newly available low-cost, in-situ simulation systems make it possible for a small cadre of trainers to use simulation to identify areas needing improvement and to rehearse best practice approaches, relevant to the context of target environments...
April 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550783/study-protocol-for-vitality-a-proof-of-concept-randomised-controlled-trial-of-exercise-training-or-complex-mental-and-social-activities-to-promote-cognition-in-adults-with-chronic-stroke
#16
John R Best, Janice J Eng, Jennifer C Davis, Robin Hsiung, Peter A Hall, Laura E Middleton, Peter Graf, Charles H Goldsmith, Teresa Liu-Ambrose
INTRODUCTION: Cerebrovascular disease-such as stroke-is the second most common cause of dementia (ie, vascular dementia). Specifically, a stroke increases one's risk for dementia by a factor of two. Thus, stroke survivors represent a target population in need of intervention strategies to promote cognitive function and prevent dementia. The current standard of care in stroke rehabilitation does not adequately address the significant cognitive consequences of stroke, especially for those who are in the chronic phase (ie, >12 months since an index stroke)...
March 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543356/vital-change-for-mums-a-feasibility-study-investigating-tailored-nutrition-and-exercise-care-delivered-by-video-consultations-for-women-3-12-months-postpartum
#17
L Vincze, M E Rollo, M J Hutchesson, R Callister, C E Collins
BACKGROUND: A tailored approach to nutrition and physical activity advice can support women following childbirth in managing barriers (i.e. time and childcare) to making healthy lifestyle changes. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the implementation, acceptability and preliminary efficacy of a personally tailored nutrition and exercise programme for postpartum women delivered via video-consultations by an accredited practising dietitian (APD) and accredited exercise physiologist (AEP)...
June 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481325/factors-affecting-wound-healing-in-individuals-with-pressure-ulcers-a-retrospective-study
#18
Azize Karahan, Aysel AAbbasoğlu, Sevcan Avcı Işık, Banu Çevik, Çiğdem Saltan, Nalan Özhan Elbaş, Ayşe Yalılı
Owing to the number and severity of concomitant factors, pressure ulcers remain a significant problem. A retrospective study of data from adult patients with a pressure ulcer was conducted to identify factors that may affect their healing. Data from patients who were hospitalized between January 1, 2011, and December 31, 2015, in a private Turkish university hospital who had a Stage 2, Stage 3, Stage 4, or unstageable pressure ulcer that was assessed using the Bates-Jensen Wound Assessment Tool (BWAT) were abstracted...
February 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456149/impact-of-a-universal-medication-schedule-on-rationalising-and-understanding-of-medication-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Eimear McManus, Suzanne McCarthy, Raymond Carson, Laura J Sahm
BACKGROUND: Patients frequently encounter difficulty understanding their prescription drug labels. This problem is more common in patients with limited health literacy (HL). Patients are not always counselled on their medicines by their doctor or pharmacist, therefore this label can be an important source of information. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a Universal Medication Schedule (UMS) on the knowledge and consolidation of a prescription drug regimen compared to standard pharmacy labelling...
February 10, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438134/better-compliance-with-triage-criteria-in-trauma-would-reduced-costs-with-maintained-patient-safety
#20
Fredrik Linder, Lina Holmberg, Hampus Eklöf, Martin Björck, Claes Juhlin, Kevin Mani
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate trauma triage criteria in terms of compliance, undertriage, and overtriage and identify risk factors for mistriage. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, all consecutive trauma patients at a University Hospital in Sweden in 2012 were included. Patients were stratified into three groups on the basis of trauma team activation (full trauma team, limited trauma team, and no trauma team). Case records were reviewed for mechanism of injury, vital signs, and injuries...
February 12, 2018: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
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