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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096004/the-effect-of-standard-pain-assessment-on-pain-and-analgesic-consumption-amount-in-patients-undergoing-arthroscopic-shoulder-surgery
#1
Sevilay Erden, Sevil Güler Demir, Ulunay Kanatlı, Fatma Danacı, Banu Carboğa
: Pain assessment has a key role in relief of the postoperative pain. In this study, we aimed to examine the effect of the Standard Pain Assessment Protocol (SPAP), which we developed based on acute pain guidelines, on pain level, and analgesic consumption. The study population consisted of a total of 101 patients who had arthroscopic shoulder surgery. The routine pain assessment was administered to the control group, while the SPAP was administered to the study group. The routine pain therapy of the clinic was administered to the subjects from both groups based on the pain assessment...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069670/the-acyl-desaturase-cer17-is-involved-in-producing-wax-unsaturated-primary-alcohols-and-cutin-monomers
#2
Xianpeng Yang, Huayan Zhao, Dylan K Kosma, Pernell Tomasi, John M Dyer, Rong-Jun Li, Xiulin Liu, Zhouya Wang, Eugene P Parsons, Matthew A Jenks, Shiyou Lu
We report n-6 monounsaturated primary alcohols (C26:1, C28:1, and C30:1 homologues) in the cuticular waxes of Arabidopsis inflorescence stem, a class of wax not previously reported in Arabidopsis. The Arabidopsis cer17 mutant was completely deficient in these monounsaturated alcohols, and CER17 was found to encode a predicted ACYL-COENZYME A DESATURASE LIKE4 (ADS4). Studies of the Arabidopsis cer4 mutant, and yeast variously expressing CER4 (a predicted fatty acyl-CoA reductase) with CER17/ADS4, demonstrated CER4's principal role in synthesis of these monounsaturated alcohols...
January 9, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066814/species-in-the-cryptococcus-gattii-complex-differ-in-capsule-and-cell-size-following-growth-under-capsule-inducing-conditions
#3
Kenya E Fernandes, Christine Dwyer, Leona T Campbell, Dee A Carter
Cryptococcus gattii causes invasive fungal infections that have been increasing in incidence and global distribution in recent years. The major molecular genotypes of C. gattii that were previously classified as VGI to VGIV have recently been described as four new species: C. gattii (VGI), C. deuterogattii (VGII), C. bacillisporus (VGIII), and C. tetragattii (VGIV). The main driver for their classification has been phylogeny, and phenotypic diversity has not yet been extensively characterized. This study examines variation in attributes related to virulence and pathogenicity, including capsule thickness, cell size, tolerance to temperature, oxidative and osmotic stress, and cell wall integrity...
November 2016: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051641/phosphate-recovery-through-struvite-family-crystals-precipitated-in-the-presence-of-citric-acid-mineralogical-phase-and-morphology-evaluation
#4
D S Perwitasari, L Edahwati, S Sutiyono, S Muryanto, J Jamari, A P Bayuseno
Precipitation strategy of struvite-family crystals is presented in this paper to recover phosphate and potassium from a synthetic wastewater in the presence of citric acid at the elevated temperature. The crystal-forming solutions were prepared from crystals of for MgCl2 and NH4H2PO4 with a molar ratio of 1:1:1 for Mg(+2) , NH4(+) and PO4(-3), and the citric acid (C6H8O7) was prepared (in the amounts of 1.00 and 20.00 ppm) from citric acid crystals. was added. The Rietveld analysis of XRPD pattern confirmed a mixed product of struvite, struvite-(K) and newberyite crystallized at 30 (O)C in the absence of citric acid...
January 4, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048014/su-f-t-255-accuracy-and-precision-of-dynamic-tracking-irradiation-with-vero-4drt-system
#5
N Hayashi, Y Takada, T Mizuno, H Nakae, T Murai
PURPOSE: The VERO-4DRT system is able to provide dynamic tracking irradiation (DTI) for the target with respiratory motion. This technique requires enough commissioning for clinical implementation. The purpose of this study is to make sure the accuracy and precision of DTI using VERO- 4DRT through commissioning from fundamental evaluation to end-to-end test. METHOD: We evaluated several contents for DTI commissioning: the accuracy of absorption dose at isocenter in DTI, the field size and penumbra of DTI, the accuracy of 4D modeling in DTI...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033607/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-adults-variants-complications-during-therapy-and-the-role-of-radiological-imaging
#6
Laura Beck, Matthias C Burg, Walter Heindel, Christoph Schülke
Background Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and extracorporeal life support (ECLS) as respiratory and circulatory assist therapies are gaining in importance in the treatment of critically ill patients. Depending on the place of cannulation - veno-venous for ECMO and veno-arterial for ECLS - distinct changes in hemodynamics will occur. In this review we describe the different types of ECMO and ECLS systems, the typical cannula placement and frequent complications under therapy. The most suitable imaging modalities will be presented and typical hemodynamic pitfalls in contrast-enhanced computed tomography or angiography will be elucidated...
December 29, 2016: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024546/new-insights-into-the-action-of-bacterial-chondroitinase-ac-i-and-hyaluronidase-on-hyaluronic-acid
#7
Lei Tao, Fei Song, Naiyu Xu, Duxin Li, Robert J Linhardt, Zhenqing Zhang
Hyaluronic acid (HA), a glycosaminoglycan, is a linear polysaccharide with negative charge, composed of a repeating disaccharide unit [→4)-β-d-glucopyranosyluronic acid (1→3)-β-d- N-acetyl-d-glucoaminopyranose (1→]n ([→4) GlcA (1→3) GlcNAc 1→]n). It is widely used in different applications based on its physicochemical properties associated with its molecular weight. Enzymatic digestion by polysaccharides lyases is one of the most important ways to decrease the molecular weight of HA. Thus, it is important to understand the action patterns of lyases acting on HA...
February 20, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017340/feline-respiratory-extramedullary-plasmacytoma-with-lymph-node-metastasis-and-intrahistiocytic-amyloid
#8
S E Sykes, V Byfield, L Sullivan, S J Bender, P F Moore, M D Sánchez
A 14-year-old domestic longhaired cat presented with a 2-year history of nasal discharge and a recent onset of inappetence and submandibular lymphadenopathy. The cat was humanely destroyed after developing severe respiratory distress. Necropsy examination revealed thickened nasal turbinates and soft palate, and friable red-tan material within the frontal sinus, nasal cavity and nasopharynx. The lungs contained multifocal irregular friable tan nodules. Multiple lymph nodes were enlarged, friable and red-tan in colour...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998136/synthesis-of-nanostructured-macroscopic-low-density-copper-foams-based-on-metal-coated-polymer-core-shell-particles
#9
Sung Ho Kim, Nick Bazin, Jessica I Shaw, Jae-Hyuck Yoo, Marcus A Worsley, Joe H Satcher, John D Sain, Joshua D Kuntz, Sergei O Kucheyev, Theodore F Baumann, Alex V Hamza
A robust, millimeter-sized low-density Cu foam with ∼90% (v/v) porosity, ∼30 nm thick walls, and ∼1 μm diameter spherical pores is prepared by the slip-casting of metal-coated polymer core-shell particles followed by a thermal removal of the polymer. In this paper, we report our key findings that enable the development of the low-density Cu foams. First, we need to synthesize polystyrene (PS) particles coated with a very thin Cu layer (in the range of tens of nanometers). A simple reduction in the amount of Cu deposited onto the PS was not sufficient to form such a low-density Cu foams due to issues related to foam collapse and densification upon the subsequent polymer removal step...
December 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936114/long-circulating-curcumin-loaded-liposome-formulations-with-high-incorporation-efficiency-stability-and-anticancer-activity-towards-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma-cell-lines-in-vitro
#10
Mohamed Mahmud, Adriana Piwoni, Nina Filiczak, Martyna Janicka, Jerzy Gubernator
The incorporation of hydrophobic drugs into liposomes improve their bioavailability and leads to increased stability and anticancer activity, along with decreased drug toxicity. Curcumin (Cur) is a natural polyphenol compound with a potent anticancer activity in pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PA). In the present study, different types of Cur-loaded liposomal formulations were prepared and characterized in terms of size, shape, zeta potential, optimal drug-to-lipid ratio and stability at 4°C, 37°C; and in human plasma in vitro...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929444/using-light-microscopy-and-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-for-qualitative-and-quantitative-control-of-a-combined-three-herb-formulation-in-different-preparations
#11
Tun-Pin Hsueh, Wan-Ling Lin, Tung-Hu Tsai
Artemisia capillaries Thunb, Gardenia jasminoides Ellis, and Rheum officinale Baill have been combined to treat jaundice for thousands of years. Studies have revealed that these herbs induce anti-hepatic fibrosis and anti-hepatic apoptosis and alleviate hepatic oxidative stress. This study aims to determine the quality and quantity of an herbal formulation (Chinese name: Yin-Chen-Hao-Tang) using physical and chemical examinations. Physical examination of Yin-Chen-Hao-Tang in pharmaceutical herbal products, raw fiber powders, and decoction preparations was performed using Congo red and iodine-potassium staining...
December 6, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922816/the-progeroid-gene-bubr1-regulates-axon-myelination-and-motor-function
#12
Chan-Il Choi, Ki Hyun Yoo, Syed Mohammed Qasim Hussaini, Byeong Tak Jeon, John Welby, Haiyun Gan, Isobel A Scarisbrick, Zhiguo Zhang, Darren J Baker, Jan M van Deursen, Moses Rodriguez, Mi-Hyeon Jang
Myelination, the process by which oligodendrocytes form the myelin sheath around axons, is key to axonal signal transduction and related motor function in the central nervous system (CNS). Aging is characterized by degenerative changes in the myelin sheath, although the molecular underpinnings of normal and aberrant myelination remain incompletely understood. Here we report that axon myelination and related motor function are dependent on BubR1, a mitotic checkpoint protein that has been linked to progeroid phenotypes when expressed at low levels and healthy lifespan when overabundant...
September 12, 2016: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900083/primary-malignant-pericardial-mesothelioma-with-increased-serum-mesothelin-diagnosed-by-surgical-pericardial-resection-a-case-report
#13
Takeyuki Kurosawa, Keishi Sugino, Kazutoshi Isobe, Yoshinobu Hata, Yuri Fukasawa, Sakae Homma
A 37-year-old female smoker without a history of exposure to asbestos was referred to our hospital with persistent pericardial effusion. Chest computed tomography imaging examination revealed an irregular thickened pericardium with large amounts of pericardial effusion and a small pleural effusion. Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography imaging demonstrated intrapericardial FDG accumulation. Blood tests revealed an increase in serum mesothelin levels. Examination of a surgically resected specimen revealed a grayish-white thickening of the pericardium, with a straw-colored mucinous pericardial effusion...
November 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894541/assessment-of-the-changes-in-arch-perimeter-and%C3%A2-irregularity-in-the-mandibular-arch-during-initial-alignment-with-the-acceledent-aura-appliance-vs-no-appliance-in-adolescents-a-single-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Peter Miles, Elizabeth Fisher
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this 2-arm parallel trial was to assess the effects of the AcceleDent Aura (OrthoAccel Technologies, Houston, Tex) appliance on the increase in mandibular anterior arch perimeter, the reduction in mandibular arch irregularity, and the amount of discomfort during initial alignment of the mandibular arch with fixed appliances. METHODS: Forty Class II adolescent patients with full fixed appliances and treated with maxillary premolar extractions and no extractions in the mandibular arch participated in this randomized clinical trial...
December 2016: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875936/characterization-of-dust-from-blast-furnace-cast-house-de-dusting
#15
Christof Lanzerstorfer
During casting of liquid iron and slag, a considerable amount of dust is emitted into the cast house of a blast furnace (BF). Usually, this dust is extracted via exhaust hoods and subsequently separated from the ventilation air. In most BFs the cast house dust is recycled. In this study a sample of cast house dust was split by air classification into five size fractions, which were then analysed. Micrographs showed that the dominating particle type in all size fractions is that of single spherical-shaped particles...
December 14, 2016: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875321/the-impact-of-selected-environmental-behavioral-and-psychosocial-factors-on-schoolchildren-s-somatic-and-mental-health
#16
Diana Vondrova, Daniela Kapsdorfer, Lubica Argalasova, Katarina Hirosova, Martin Samohyl, Ludmila Sevcikova
Children develop rapidly and many exogenous determinants of health significantly affect their somatic and mental development. There is a subjective perception of cognitive load associated with the educational process. The aim of the study is to assess individual environmental, behavioral and psychosocial factors influencing physical health and to investigate the amount of mental load in children. We investigated 87 schoolchildren (47 girls and 40 boys) aged 10-12 years, who were attending primary school in Bratislava...
November 22, 2016: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870066/a-nonnative-and-a-native-fungal-plant-pathogen-similarly-stimulate-ectomycorrhizal-development-but-are-perceived-differently-by-a-fungal-symbiont
#17
Elisa Zampieri, Luana Giordano, Guglielmo Lione, Alfredo Vizzini, Fabiano Sillo, Raffaella Balestrini, Paolo Gonthier
The effects of plant symbionts on host defence responses against pathogens have been extensively documented, but little is known about the impact of pathogens on the symbiosis and if such an impact may differ for nonnative and native pathogens. Here, this issue was addressed in a study of the model system comprising Pinus pinea, its ectomycorrhizal symbiont Tuber borchii, and the nonnative and native pathogens Heterobasidion irregulare and Heterobasidion annosum, respectively. In a 6-month inoculation experiment and using both in planta and gene expression analyses, we tested the hypothesis that H...
November 21, 2016: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856710/differences-in-glycosyltransferase-family-61-accompany-variation-in-seed-coat-mucilage-composition-in-plantago-spp
#18
Jana L Phan, Matthew R Tucker, Shi Fang Khor, Neil Shirley, Jelle Lahnstein, Cherie Beahan, Antony Bacic, Rachel A Burton
Xylans are the most abundant non-cellulosic polysaccharide found in plant cell walls. A diverse range of xylan structures influence tissue function during growth and development. Despite the abundance of xylans in nature, details of the genes and biochemical pathways controlling their biosynthesis are lacking. In this study we have utilized natural variation within the Plantago genus to examine variation in heteroxylan composition and structure in seed coat mucilage. Compositional assays were combined with analysis of the glycosyltransferase family 61 (GT61) family during seed coat development, with the aim of identifying GT61 sequences participating in xylan backbone substitution...
December 2016: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856455/map3k8-modulates-monocyte-state-and-atherogenesis-in-apoe-mice
#19
Carlos Sanz-Garcia, Ángela Sánchez, Constanza Contreras-Jurado, Carmela Cales, Cristina Barranquero, Marta Muñóz, Ramón Merino, Paula Escudero, Maria-Jesús Sanz, Jesús Osada, Ana Aranda, Susana Alemany
OBJECTIVE: Map3k8 (Cot/Tpl2) activates the MKK1/2-ERK1/2, MAPK pathway downstream from interleukin-1R, tumor necrosis factor-αR, NOD-2R, adiponectinR, and Toll-like receptors. Map3k8 plays a key role in innate and adaptive immunity and influences inflammatory processes by modulating the functions of different cell types. However, its role in atherogenesis remains unknown. In this study, we analyzed the role of this kinase in this pathology. APPROACH AND RESULTS: We show here that Map3k8 deficiency results in smaller numbers of Ly6C(high)CD11c(low) and Ly6C(low)CD11c(high) monocytes in ApoE(-)(/-) mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD)...
November 17, 2016: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842537/siberian-flying-squirrels-do-not-anticipate-future-resource-abundance
#20
Vesa Selonen, Ralf Wistbacka
BACKGROUND: One way to cope with irregularly occurring resources is to adjust reproduction according to the anticipated future resource availability. In support of this hypothesis, few rodent species have been observed to produce, after the first litter born in spring, summer litters in anticipation of autumn's seed mast. This kind of behaviour could eliminate or decrease the lag in population density normally present in consumer dynamics. We focus on possible anticipation of future food availability in Siberian flying squirrels, Pteromys volans...
November 14, 2016: BMC Ecology
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