Read by QxMD icon Read

Amount of irregularities

Peter Rijnbeek
Massive numbers of electronic health records are currently being collected globally, including structured data in the form of diagnoses, medications, laboratory test results, and unstructured data contained in clinical narratives. This opens unprecedented possibilities for research and ultimately patient care. However, actual use of these databases in a multi-center study is severely hampered by a variety of challenges, e.g., each database has a different database structure and uses different terminology systems...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Nebil Yesiloglu, Kemalettin Yildiz, Ali Cem Akpinar, Tahsin Gorgulu, Hakan Sirinoglu, Arzu Ozcan
INTRODUCTION: Irregularly shaped wounds or flap borders usually require specified software or devices to measure their area and follow-up wound healing. In this study, an easy way of area measurement called histogram planimetry (HP) for wounds with irregular geometric shapes is defined and compared to conventional millimetric wound measurement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten irregularly bordered geometric shapes were measured by 4 different individuals working as surgical assistants using both HP and manual millimetric measurement tools...
September 2016: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
Bappaditya Chatterjee, Samah Hamed Almurisi, Ather Ahmed Mahdi Dukhan, Uttam Kumar Mandal, Pinaki Sengupta
Self-emulsifying drug delivery system (SEDDS) is an isotropic mixture of lipid, surfactant and co-surfactant, which forms a fine emulsion when comes in contact of an aqueous medium with mild agitation. SEDDS is considered as a potential platform for oral delivery of hydrophobic drug in order to overcome their poor and irregular bioavailability challenges. In spite of fewer advantages like improved solubility of drug, bypassing lymphatic transport etc., SEDDS faces different controversial issues such as the use of appropriate terminology (self-microemulsifying drug delivery system; SMEDDS or self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system; SNEDDS), presence of high amount of surfactant, correlation of in vitro model to in vivo studies, lack of human volunteer study and effect of conversion of SEDDS to final administrable dosage form on pharmacokinetic behavior of the drug...
August 15, 2016: Drug Delivery
Fakhri Al-Bagdadi, Matthew J Young, James P Geaghan, Shaomian Yao, Humberto M Barona, Eduardo Martinez-Ceballos, Masami Yoshimura
It is estimated that 5.9% of all human deaths are attributable to alcohol consumption and that the harmful use of ethanol ranks among the top five risk factors for causing disease, disability, and death worldwide. Ethanol is known to disrupt phospholipid packing and promote membrane hemifusion at lipid bilayers. With the exception of mitochondria involved in hormone synthesis, the sterol content of mitochondrial membranes is low. As membranes that are low in cholesterol have increased membrane fluidity and are the most easily disordered by ethanol, we hypothesize that mitochondria are sensitive targets for ethanol damage...
September 28, 2016: Ultrastructural Pathology
S Pollett, W J Boscardin, E Azziz-Baumgartner, Y O Tinoco, G Soto, C Romero, J Kok, M Biggerstaff, C Viboud, G W Rutherford
BACKGROUND:  Latin America has a substantial burden of influenza and rising Internet access and could thus benefit from real-time influenza epidemic prediction web-tools such as Google Flu Trends (GFT) to assist in risk communication and resource allocation during epidemics. However, there has never been a published assessment of GFT's accuracy in most of the Latin American countries nor in any low-middle income country. We aimed to evaluate GFT in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay...
September 26, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Peter Rijnbeek
Massive numbers of electronic health records are currently being collected globally, including structured data in the form of diagnoses, medications, laboratory test results, and unstructured data contained in clinical narratives. This opens unprecedented possibilities for research and ultimately patient care. However, actual use of these databases in a multi-center study is severely hampered by a variety of challenges, e.g., each database has a different database structure and uses different terminology systems...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Chan-Il Choi, Ki Hyun Yoo, Syed Mohammed Qasim Hussaini, Byeong Tak Jeon, John Welby, Haiyun Gan, Isobel Scarisbrick, Zhiguo Zhang, Darren J Baker, Jan M van Deursen, Moses Rodriguez, Mi-Hyeon Jang
Myelination, the process by which oligodendrocytes form the myelin sheath around axons, is key to axonal signal transduction and related motor function in the central nervous system (CNS). Aging is characterized by degenerative changes in the myelin sheath, although the molecular underpinnings of normal and aberrant myelination remain incompletely understood. Here we report that axon myelination and related motor function are dependent on BubR1, a mitotic checkpoint protein that has been linked to progeroid phenotypes when expressed at low levels and healthy lifespan when overabundant...
September 12, 2016: Aging
Anamika Kiro, Jaya Bajpai, A K Bajpai
Bionanocomposites of sericin and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) were prepared by solution casting method and zinc oxide nanoparticles were impregnated within the polymer blend matrix through homogenous phase reaction between zinc chloride and sodium hydroxide at high temperature following an ex-situ co-precipitation method. The prepared bionanocomposites were characterized using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy, Transmission Electron Microscopy and Atomic Force Microscopy techniques...
August 26, 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Wei-Chi Lai, Li-Tzuen Hong
In conventional sol-gel methods, gel formation occurs due to aggregation of particles into irregular shapes of larger size. In this study, we conducted hydrolysis-condensation reactions of tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) within water-laden channels inside the space created by self-assembled AOT molecules to prepare regular and nanosized silica in self-assembled sodium bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate (AOT) gels. The AOT gels were obtained by adding small amounts of water to organic solvents containing high concentrations of AOT...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Ravi Krishna Kanuru, Sukhpreet S Mangat, Gaurav Sepolia, Santosh K Subudhi, Mohil M Asnani, Anupam Bansal
INTRODUCTION: One of the main aims of orthodontic treatment is the improvement of esthetics along with enhancement of functions of the orofacial regions. Complications are observed even after final completion of the orthodontic treatment due to relapse and loss of stability. Hence, we retrospectively analyzed angle class I malocclusion cases to study the correlation of outcome of orthodontic treatment and posttreatment stability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 patients were included in this retrospective analysis, which accounted for the patients reporting to the department of orthodontics from 2013 to 2015 with angle class I malocclusion...
2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Jerry Vriend, Hassan Marzban
Chromosome 17 abnormalities are often observed in medulloblastomas (MBs), particularly those classified in the consensus Groups 3 and 4. Herein we review MB signature genes associated with chromosome 17 and the relationship of these signature genes to the ubiquitin-proteasome system. While clinical investigators have not focused on the ubiquitin-proteasome system in relation to MB, a substantial amount of data on the topic has been hidden in the form of supplemental datasets of gene expression. A supplemental dataset associated with the Thompson classification of MBs shows that a subgroup of MB with 17p deletions is characterized by reduced expression of genes for several core particle subunits of the beta ring of the proteasome (β1, β4, β5, β7)...
September 3, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
Hüseyin Sinan Topçuoğlu, Ahmet Aktı, Gamze Topçuoğlu, Salih Düzgün, Özge Ulusan, Firdevs Akpek
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the efficacy of a sonic device (Vibringe), passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI), and conventional syringe irrigation (CSI) in the removal of triple antibiotic paste (TAP) from artificial standardized grooves in the apical and coronal thirds of a root canal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One-hundred eighteen root canals were prepared using the ProTaper system. The roots were split longitudinally, and a standardized groove was prepared in the apical and coronal parts of one segment...
July 2016: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
Kim Albrecht, Burcu Yucesoy
Visualization is an important tool, necessary for making sense of vast amounts of data. Many data science projects make use of visualization techniques to illustrate and explain their results. But complex interactive visualizations can also be excellent exploration tools to help guide the analysis, detect early signs of problems and irregularities, suggest new discoveries, and test the effectiveness and efficiency of scientific models. This article describes a combinatory design process that uses a method of incremental addition to create increasingly complex arrangements and thus create new ways to see data and discover new insights...
July 2016: IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
Kazuyoshi Kanki, Masaaki Ii, Yoshito Terai, Masahide Ohmichi, Michio Asahi
Bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) have been shown to contribute to not only angiogenesis in ischemic tissue but also neovascularization in uterine endometrium formation. Reduced neovascularization and elevation of serum soluble Flt-1, a functional blockage of VEGF, in the development of placenta is thought to be one of the major causes of repeated miscarriages in gestation. We then examined whether transfusion of VEGF expressing extrinsic EPCs prevented frequent miscarriage via its promotional effect on neovascularization with a VEGF-eNOS signaling pathway in a mouse miscarriage model...
August 5, 2016: Cell Transplantation
Dennis R Müller, Sebastian T Soukup, Anne Kurrat, Xin Liu, Marion Schmicke, Ming-Yong Xie, Sabine E Kulling, Patrick Diel
There is increasing concern about possible adverse effects of soy based infant formulas (SBIF) due to their high amount of isoflavones (ISO). The aim of the present study was to investigate effects of neonatal exposure to ISO on reproductive system of female Wistar rats. Animals were exposed to an ISO depleted diet or a diet enriched with an ISO extract (IRD; 508mg ISO/kg) during embryogenesis and adolescence. Pups of each group were fed daily by pipette with ISO-suspension (ISO+; 32mg ISO/kg bw) or placebo from postnatal day (PND) 1 until PND23 resulting in plasma concentrations similar to levels reported in infants fed SBIF...
August 6, 2016: Toxicology Letters
D Pförringer, B Markgraf, M Weber, F Seidl, M Crönlein, G Friedl, R Hoffmann, P Biberthaler
BACKGROUND: Trauma surgery is a discipline in which the training phase for specialization requires a technical and time-intensive learning curve, including the repetitive training of manual skills. This results in prolonged operation times and thus elevated costs. OBJECTIVES: The present study retrospectively examines operations in trauma surgery and orthopaedics at a Munich university hospital according to the required curriculum for further specialist training...
July 28, 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
Gabriela Ziomek, Cornelis van Breemen, Mitra Esfandiarei
Maintenance of steady-state calcium (Ca(2+)) levels in the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is vital to their overall health. A significant portion of intracellular Ca(2+) content is found within the SR stores in VSMCs. As the only intracellular organelle with a close association to the surrounding extracellular space through plasma membrane-SR junctions, the SR can be considered to constitute the first line of response to any irregularity in Ca(2+) transients, or stress experienced by the cell...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Alberto Peña-Romo, Ana María Gámez-Méndez, Amelia Ríos, Bruno A Escalante, Jesús Rodríguez-González
BACKGROUND: Stochastic resonance is a phenomenon that allows a system to improve its capability to detect stimulus when a limited amount of noise is added to the stimuli. It has experimentally been shown that noise enhances the homeostatic function of the blood pressure regulatory system. This study aimed to investigate whether the noise can enhance the contractile response in the whole heart. METHODS: Experiments were conducted in isolated mouse hearts (0.040kg, n=8), a Langendorff heart preparation is used to obtain two variables of the contractile response contraction force and heart rate...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Mohamed Abdel Malik Hassan, Omar Atef Tolba
INTRODUCTION: Iron overload is the primary cause of mortality and morbidity in thalassemia major (TM) despite advances in chelation therapy. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness and safety of deferasirox (DFX) and deferoxamine (DFO) as iron-chelating agents in patients with transfusion-dependent β-thalassemia major. METHODS: This prospective randomized study included 60 patients with transfusion-dependent β-TM during the period from September 2014 to September 2015...
May 2016: Electronic Physician
Daniel Galafassi, Camila Scatena, Rodrigo Galo, Fabiana Almeida Curylofo-Zotti, Silmara Aparecida Milori Corona, Maria Cristina Borsatto
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate longitudinally the composite restorations, performed in cavities prepared by Er:YAG or conventional bur, and dentin re-wetting with water or chlorhexidine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty individuals with four active caries with cavitation reaching the dentin located on the occlusal surface of molars counterparts are selected. The teeth of each individual were randomly assigned into four groups: (I) Er:YAG laser (260 mJ/4 Hz) re-wetting with chlorhexidine, (II) Er:YAG laser (260 mJ/4 Hz) re-wetting with deionized water, (III) conventional method re-wetting with chlorhexidine, and (IV) conventional method re-wetting with deionized water...
July 4, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"