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Amount of irregularities

Sohee Jeon, Byungju Jung, Won Ki Lee
PURPOSE: To identify prognostic factors that may predict the amount of long-term visual improvement after idiopathic epiretinal membrane removal. METHODS: A retrospective study of 114 patients who underwent epiretinal membrane removal was performed. The central foveal thickness, inner retinal layer thickness, inner retinal irregularity index, length of the cone outer segment tip line defect, and length of the ellipsoid zone defect were measured. The optical coherence tomography parameters that were associated with the amount of visual improvement were determined at 24 months postoperatively...
May 14, 2018: Retina
Banu Yurekli, Nilufer Ozdemir Kutbay, Canan Altay, Sadiye Mehtat Unlu, Sait Sen, Huseyin Onay, Tahir Atik, Baris Akinci
PURPOSE: To describe an interesting subtype of familial partial lipodystrophy (FPLD). METHODS: The phenotype of this distinctive FPLD subtype was studied in three Turkish female siblings. RESULTS: Mutation testing was negative for the genes associated with lipodystrophy syndromes. In MRI studies, fat loss was prominent in the posterior aspects of the proximal lower limbs, whilst some fat was preserved in the anterior, medial and lateral aspects...
May 7, 2018: Endocrine Research
Sarah E Yoho, Frédéric Apoux, Eric W Healy
The degrading influence of noise on various critical bands of speech was assessed. A modified version of the compound method [Apoux and Healy (2012) J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 132, 1078-1087] was employed to establish this noise susceptibility for each speech band. Noise was added to the target speech band at various signal-to-noise ratios to determine the amount of noise required to reduce the contribution of that band by 50%. It was found that noise susceptibility is not equal across the speech spectrum, as is commonly assumed and incorporated into modern indexes...
April 2018: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Viktoriia Iegorova, Martin Psenicka, Ievgen Lebeda, Marek Rodina, Taiju Saito
Most of sturgeon species (Acipenseridae) are currently critically endangered. Attempts to revive these populations include artificial breeding in hatcheries. However, under artificial reproduction, sturgeon embryos occasionally develop atypically, showing 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, or 10 cells at the 2- to 4-cell stage. This study was undertaken with the objective of understanding the mechanism of the atypical division (AD) in embryos during artificial breeding. Using several sturgeon species, we tested two hypotheses: 1) polyspermy and 2) retention of the second polar body...
April 25, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
Gaurab K Sarangi, Frédéric Romagné, Sergi Castellano
Selenium (Se), a sparse element on earth, is an essential micronutrient in the vertebrate diet and its intake depends on its content in soils and waters worldwide. Selenium is required due to its function in selenoproteins, which contain selenocysteine (Sec), the 21st amino acid in the genetic code, as one of their constituent residues. Selenocysteine is analogous to the amino acid cysteine (Cys), which uses the abounding element sulfur instead. Despite the irregular distribution of Se worldwide, its distinct biochemical properties have made the substitution of Sec for Cys rare in vertebrate proteins...
April 14, 2018: Molecular Biology and Evolution
Dongsu Du, Sasa Mutic, H Harold Li, Yanle Hu
PURPOSE: To establish a mathematical model to guide prospective T2 weighted 4-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging (4DMRI) acquisition and to propose an efficient solution to expedite prospective T2 weighted 4DMRI acquisition. METHODS: Prospective T2 weighted 4DMRI acquisition was characterized by a mathematical model with 4DMRI acquisition time as the objective function and completeness of the image set, acquisition timing, image contrast, and image artifacts as the constraints...
April 16, 2018: Medical Physics
Rosa Guarch, Charles H Lawrie, Gorka Larrinaga, Javier C Angulo, Rafael Pulido, José I López
Immunohistochemistry is a basic routine in establishing the diagnosis of many tumors. However, immunomarkers are often irregularly distributed across different regions of the same tumor, alternating positive and negative areas without any apparent cause. Full identification of this type of intratumor heterogeneity is crucial for patients since the expression of many markers is linked to the prognosis and/or treatment of some tumors. We have quantified this variability testing 406 tumor samples from eight clear cell renal cell carcinomas using four epithelial-mesenchymal transition markers (vimentin, ZEB-1, β-catenin, and E-cadherin) and two different sampling protocols...
January 10, 2018: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
Z Yousefi, M Kolahi, A Majd, P Jonoubi
Cadmium is an important environmental pollutant which genetically, physiologically and biochemically affects the cell. Phytochelatins (PC) are involved in one of the phytoremediation mechanisms, in which they are able to bind heavy metals, such as cadmium. The objective of this study was to evaluate morphometric, antioxidant enzyme activity, and SoPCS gene expression in sugarcane growing under cadmium stress. After propagation, samples were cultured in triplicate for 14 days in modified MS medium containing CdCl2 (100, 250, 500 µmol)...
April 12, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
S-C Zou, J Jiang, J Song
OBJECTIVE: We aimed at exploring the role of IL-33 in mouse chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and its potential molecular mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) mice model was established by cigarette smoking (CS). COPD mice were randomly assigned into PBS group and IL-33 antibody group. The peripheral blood and lung tissues of mice from two groups were collected for the following experiments. Pathological changes of the lung tissues in both groups were analyzed by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Jun-Liang Chen, Pei-Chia Yang, Tsunghsueh Wu, Yang-Wei Lin
Innovative dual detection methods for mercury(II) ions (Hg(II) ) have been developed based on the formation of gold nanostructures (AuNSs) following the addition of mercury-containing solution to a mixture containing an optimized amount of Au(III) , H2 O2 , HCl, and silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). In the absence of Hg(II) , the addition of Au(III) , H2 O2 , and HCl to the AgNP solution changes the solution's color from yellow to red, and the absorption peak shifts from 400 to 526nm, indicating the dissolution of AgNPs and the formation of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs)...
March 28, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Mingdeng Rong, Haibin Lu, Lei Wan, Xueyang Zhang, Xi Lin, Shaobing Li, Lei Zhou, Yingtao Lv, Yuan Su
This study was designed to compare the early osseointegration of titanium surfaces prepared via laser-treated/acid-etched (LA) and sandblasted/acid-etched (SLA) in dogs. Titanium implants were divided into two groups: Surfaces of the experimental group were treated via LA, while in the control group, surfaces were treated via SLA. The physical and chemical properties of LA and SLA surfaces were tested and compared. Sixteen implants with LA or SLA surfaces were placed into the tibias of four beagle dogs, each treatment group received two implants per single tibia...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Ahmed A Alsulaiman, Elizabeth Kaye, Judith Jones, Howard Cabral, Cataldo Leone, Leslie Will, Raul Garcia
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to investigate the association between incisor crowding, irregularity, and periodontal disease progression in the anterior teeth. METHODS: Data collected over 35 years from men enrolled in the Veterans Affairs Dental Longitudinal Study included information concerning pocket depth and alveolar bone loss. Plaster casts of the maxillary (n = 400) and mandibular (n = 408) arches were available for baseline measurements...
April 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Makiko Omori, Tetsuo Kondo, Kumiko Nakazawa, Satoshi Shinohara, Yumika Watanabe, Hiroko Fukasawa, Tadao Nakazawa, Akihiko Hashi, Shuji Hirata
We report a case of minimal deviation adenocarcinoma (MDA) of the uterine cervix showing varicolored cytopathologic features on Papanicolaou (Pap) smear, which may indicate features suggestive of lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia (LEGH)-adenocarcinoma sequence. A 57-year-old woman presented with a profuse amount of watery vaginal discharge. Gynecological examination revealed a cervical mass with involvement of the right parametrium. Conventional Pap smear showed hypercellularity consisting of approximately 4 types of clusters as follows: (1) clusters showing a monolayered honeycomb sheet of endocervical cells with golden-yellow mucin and bland nuclei, (2) three-dimensional clusters showing varicolored mucin and irregular nuclear overlapping, (3) irregularly shaped clusters showing distorted chicken-wire-mesh appearance with noticeable protrusions of the nuclei and clear or faint varicolored cytoplasm, and (4) crowded clusters showing scarce mucin and nuclear atypia...
March 23, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Raj Nath Makroo, Saroj Rajput, Soma Agarwal, Mohit Chowdhry, Bindu Prakash, Prashant Karna
BACKGROUND: Alloantibodies may be detected in blood donors who have either been transfused previously or female donors with previous obstetric events. These antibodies can occasionally cause severe transfusion reaction, if a large amount of plasma or whole blood is transfused, as in massive transfusions and pediatric patients. AIMS: The present study aims to assess the prevalence of red cell antibodies in healthy blood donors at a tertiary care hospital-based blood bank in India...
January 2018: Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
X L Shi, J L Xie, X G Zhou
Objective: To evaluate the clinicopathological features, diagnosis and management of primary testicular NK/T cell lymphoma (NKTCL). Methods: Six cases of primary testicular NKTCL at Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2007 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed for the morphology, immunephenotype and outcome, and relevant literature was reviewed. Results: The median age of patients at diagnosis was 45 years(range 32-65 years). All patients presented with testicular masses as initial symptoms (6/6), five cases (5/6) were on the right...
March 8, 2018: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
Hong Peng, Lin Yuan, Jinsheng Zhang, Xiaodan Wu, Yang Liu, Yuhuan Liu, Roger Ruan
An insight into the adsorption behavior between hemicellulose biomass and metal ions is important to utilize hemicelluloses as adsorbent. In this study, bamboo hemicelluloses were used as adsorbent for AgNO3 in aqueous medium. The adsorption amount of AgNO3 onto hemicelluloses was determined through an inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometer (ICP-AES). The morphology and the elemental composition of the recovered hemicelluloses were characterized using atomic force microscopy (AFM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) techniques, respectively...
May 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Meng-Chen Tsai, Chun-Chi Kuo, Ying-Zhen Su, Yen-Chuan Hsieh, Shih-Sung Chuang
Effusion-based lymphoma (EBL) is a rare but distinct entity of large B-cell lymphoma in effusion without association with human herpes virus-8 (HHV-8). Spontaneous regression after pleurocentesis has been observed; but to our knowledge, there are no reports on the morphological and molecular features of subsequent aspirations in regressing cases. Here, we report the case of a 92-year-old male with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, who presented with right pleural effusion. He had no human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B virus, or hepatitis C virus infection, and CT scans revealed no mass lesion...
March 8, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Saideh Ghadimi, Giti Forghani, Gholam Abbas Kazemi
The Angouran Mine, located in northwest Iran, is the largest Zn-Pb producer in the Middle East. This study was designed to investigate the distribution, geochemistry, and mineralogy of the aerosols in the mining area and to assess their likely health impacts on the local residents. For this purpose, 36 aerosol samples were collected from 2014 to 2015 at nine sites located in mine district and upwind and downwind directions. The concentration of potentially toxic elements in the aerosols was determined using AAS instrument...
March 7, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Dan A Oh, Hyeyun Kim, Eun Kee Bae
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Electroencephalography (EEG) is often used as a screening tool for selecting pilots despite controversy regarding its contribution to aviation safety. We investigated EEG abnormalities in Korean commercial pilot applicants in order to identify the usefulness of EEG screening in this population. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the EEG results of 740 unselected pilot applicants who underwent waking EEG at Inha University Hospital from January 2013 to May 2017...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
Jizhen Ren, Sumei Liu, Jin'e Wan, Enhao Kang, Zhenyu Chen
OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of hyperbaric oxygen on scar formation in rabbit ears. METHODS: A total of 20 New Zealand rabbits were selected to establish the hypertrophic scar model on the ears. The rabbits were randomly divided into control group and experimental group (7d, 14d, 21d, and 28d group according to different HBO treatment days),each experimental group received hyperbaric oxygen treatment after the operation at the same time everyday for 1 hour...
March 4, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
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